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esophagogastric adenocarcinoma

Rita Barros, Daniela Pereira, Catarina Callé, Vânia Camilo, Ana Isabel Cunha, Leonor David, Raquel Almeida, António Dias-Pereira, Paula Chaves
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is the replacement of the normal esophageal squamous epithelium by a columnar lining epithelium. It is a premalignant condition for the development of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction. BE is associated with gastroesophageal reflux which might change the expression profile of key transcription factors involved in the establishment of tissue differentiation, namely, SOX2 (associated with esophageal and gastric differentiation) and CDX2 (associated with intestinal differentiation)...
2016: Disease Markers
Tetsushi Nakajima, Tsutomu Sato, Kazuki Kano, Yukio Maezawa, Kenki Segami, Hirohito Fujikawa, Kousuke Ikeda, Takanobu Yamada, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
A 63-year-old man with dysphagia was referred to our hospital. He was found to have a type 2 tumor extending from the lower thoracic esophagus to the esophagogastric junction via upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. A biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma with overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor type 2(HER2). The tumor was type I according to Siewert's classification, as the epicenter of the tumor was 27mm to the oral side from the esophago-gastric junction. The clinical diagnosis was T3N1M1, stage IV according to the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma, and T3N2M0, stage III per the Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer...
October 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Ryu Ishihara, Tsuneo Oyama, Seiichiro Abe, Hiroaki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Ono, Junko Fujisaki, Mitsuru Kaise, Kenichi Goda, Kenro Kawada, Tomoyuki Koike, Manabu Takeuchi, Rie Matsuda, Dai Hirasawa, Masayoshi Yamada, Junichi Kodaira, Masaki Tanaka, Masami Omae, Akira Matsui, Takashi Kanesaka, Akiko Takahashi, Shinichi Hirooka, Masahiro Saito, Yosuke Tsuji, Yuki Maeda, Hiroharu Yamashita, Ichiro Oda, Yasuhiko Tomita, Takashi Matsunaga, Shuji Terai, Soji Ozawa, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the specific risks of metastasis in esophageal adenocarcinoma in relation to invasion depth or other pathologic factors. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter retrospective study in 13 high-volume centers in Japan from January 2000 to October 2014 to elucidate the risk of metastasis of esophageal adenocarcinoma. A total of 458 patients (217 surgically resected and 241 endoscopically resected) with esophageal adenocarcinoma or esophagogastric adenocarcinoma involving the esophagus were included...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
Jimmy Hwang
Esophagogastric cancers (EGCa) are a leading cause of cancer related mortality worldwide. It has been recognized that they represent heterogenous diseases based on histology and anatomy. However, it is also increasingly evident that these are diverse malignancies based on genetic alterations, and this is increasingly making these diseases amenable to targeted therapies. While epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mTOR inhibitors have failed to prove effective in the treatment of advanced EGCa, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inihibitor have now been demonstrated to improve survival, at least in the 2nd line setting of adenocarcinomas...
October 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
T W Rice, L-Q Chen, W L Hofstetter, B M Smithers, V W Rusch, B P L Wijnhoven, K L Chen, A R Davies, X B D'Journo, K A Kesler, J D Luketich, M K Ferguson, J V Räsänen, R van Hillegersberg, W Fang, L Durand, I Cecconello, W H Allum, R J Cerfolio, M Pera, S M Griffin, R Burger, J-F Liu, M S Allen, S Law, T J Watson, G E Darling, W J Scott, A Duranceau, C E Denlinger, P H Schipper, T E M R Lerut, M B Orringer, H Ishwaran, C Apperson-Hansen, L M DiPaola, M E Semple, E H Blackstone
We report data-simple descriptions of patient characteristics, cancer categories, and non-risk-adjusted survival-for patients with pathologically staged cancer of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction after resection or ablation with no preoperative therapy from the Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration (WECC). Thirty-three institutions from six continents submitted de-identified data using standard definitions: demographics, comorbidities, clinical cancer categories, and all-cause mortality from first management decision...
October 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
U Häussler, M Bitzer, H Bösmüller, S Clasen, M Götz, N P Malek, R R Plentz
AFP-producing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction are rare tumor diseases. These tumors show an aggressive behavior characterized by early occurrence of liver metastases and mimic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A general recommendation for palliative therapy is not established for these special tumors.Here we report about a 61-year-old man with multiple liver metastases and high serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level. First, HCC was suspected, but further evaluation showed an AFP-producing adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction with unusual findings on further immunohistochemical analysis...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
K Lehmann, D Eshmuminov, P Bauerfeind, C Gubler, P Veit-Haibach, A Weber, H Abdul-Rahman, M Fischer, C Reiner, P M Schneider
INTRODUCTION: The accuracy of preoperative lymph-node staging in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) or gastric cancer (GC) is low. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) for lymph-node staging in patients with AEG or GC, with or without neoadjuvant treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 221 consecutive patients with GC (n = 88) or AEG (n = 133) were evaluated...
September 7, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
H Ptok, I Gastinger, F Meyer, A Ilsemann, H Lippert, C Bruns
BACKGROUND: The impact of hospital and surgeon volume on the treatment outcome based on data obtained from cohort and register studies has been controversially discussed in the international literature. The results of large-scale prospective observational studies within the framework of clinical healthcare research may lead to relevant recommendations in this ongoing discussion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Within the framework of the prospective multicenter German Gastric Cancer Study 2 (QCGC 2), from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2009 a total of 2897 patients with the histological diagnosis of gastric cancer from 140 surgical departments were registered and analyzed...
September 27, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Weihan Zhang, Xinzu Chen, Kai Liu, Kun Yang, Xiaolong Chen, Ying Zhao, Yongfan Zhao, Jiaping Chen, Longqi Chen, Jiankun Hu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the survival outcomes of transabdominal (TA) and transthoracic (TT) surgical approaches in patients with Siewert-II/III esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in patients with Siewert-II/III esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma who underwent either TT or TA operations in the West China Hospital between January 2006 and December 2009. RESULTS: A total of 308 patients (109 in the TT and 199 in the TA groups) were included in this study with a follow-up rate of 87...
August 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Y J Zhang, J Wang, X L Zhang, Q Liu, S W Jing, Y Wang, F Cao, W P Jiao
Objective: To explore the patterns and influencing factors of lymph node metastasis of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: Clinicopathological data of 393 AEG patients who underwent radical resection and lymphadenectomy in the thoracic or abdominal cavity were collected. We analyzed the metastatic patterns of 5 119 excised lymph nodes with an average of 13 nodes per patient according to Siewert classification, and the associations between lymphatic metastasis and clinicopathological factors, such as tumor invasion, differentiation, maximum diameter, or pathological type were analyzed...
September 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Z L Luo, M Y Fu, D Tian, G D Shi
Objective: To investigate the human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) expression in esophagogastirc junction adenocarcinoma(Siewert type Ⅱ)and its clinical significance. Methods: A total of 180 patients with esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (Siewert type Ⅱ) were included in this study. The HER-2 expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis was performed to assess the HER-2 gene amplification in the IHC-positive and IHC-weak positive cases...
September 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
J Zhang, Z Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Hoon Hur, Sang-Yong Son, Yong Kwan Cho, Sang-Uk Han
Determining resection margins for gastric cancer, which are not exposed to the serosal surface of the stomach, is the most important procedure during totally laparoscopic gastrectomy (TLG). The aim of this protocol is to introduce a procedure for intraoperative gastroscopy, in order to directly mark tumors during TLG for gastric cancer in the middle third of the stomach. Patients who were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in the middle third of the stomach were enrolled in this case series. Before surgery, additional gastroscopy for tumor localization is not performed...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Markus Moehler, Irina Gepfner-Tuma, Annett Maderer, Peter C Thuss-Patience, Joern Ruessel, Susanna Hegewisch-Becker, Hansjochen Wilke, Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Mohammad-Reza Rafiyan, Florian Weißinger, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Frank Kullmann, Ludwig Fischer von Weikersthal, Jens T Siveke, Jens Weusmann, Stephan Kanzler, Carl Christoph Schimanski, Melanie Otte, Lukas Schollenberger, Jochem Koenig, Peter R Galle
BACKGROUND: As a multi-targeted anti-angiogenic receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor sunitinib (SUN) has been established for renal cancer and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. In advanced refractory esophagogastric cancer patients, monotherapy with SUN was associated with good tolerability but limited tumor response. METHODS: This double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter, phase II clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of SUN as an adjunct to second and third-line FOLFIRI (NCT01020630)...
August 31, 2016: BMC Cancer
Nuray Kepil, Sebnem Batur, Ceyda Sonmez Wetherilt, Sibel Erdamar Cetin
Accurate identification of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) status in advanced gastric cancer patients is of utmost importance in terms of treatment planning. This study aimed to examine the HER-2 status in advanced gastric cancer patients using both immunohistochemistry (IHC) and silver in situ hybridization (SISH) techniques and to investigate concordance and diagnostic accuracy. In addition, associations between clinical parameters and HER 2 status were examined. A total of 313 patients diagnosed with locally advanced (Stage III: T3-4, N+) recurrent or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or esophagogastric junction, between 2009 and 2015, were included...
August 31, 2016: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Yukinori Kurokawa, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Mitsuru Sasako, Takeshi Sano, Junki Mizusawa, Kenichi Nakamura, Haruhiko Fukuda
BACKGROUND: A critical issue in multicenter randomized trials focusing on surgical techniques is quality control, as the quality of the surgery usually varies widely if the procedure employed is complicated. Few studies have evaluated interinstitutional variation in randomized trials in order to check not only the generalizability of the results but also the reliability of the study group itself. METHODS: Two randomized phase III trials (JCOG9501 and JCOG9502) were conducted that compared standard and experimental surgery for gastric and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas...
August 27, 2016: Gastric Cancer
Juha Kauppi, Jari Räsänen, Eero Sihvo, Urpo Nieminen, Perttu Arkkila, Markku Ahotupa, Jarmo Salo
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress (OS) is an essential element in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and its transformation to adenocarcinoma (EAC). The state of OS in the proximal stomach of patients with BE and EAC is unknown. Isoprostanes are a specific marker of OS not previously used to determine OS from BE/EAC tissue samples. PATIENTS AND METHODS: OS was measured in 42 patients with BE (n = 9), EAC (n = 9), or both (n = 24) and 15 control patients. A STAT-8-Isoprostane EIA Kit served to identify 8-Isoprostanes (8-IP), and a Glutathione Assay Kit was used to measure glutathione reduced form (GSH) and glutathione oxidized form...
August 2016: Translational Oncology
Fabio Carboni, Mario Valle, Orietta Federici, Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Ida Camperchioli, Rocco Lapenta, Daniela Assisi, Alfredo Garofalo
BACKGROUND: Esophagojejunal anastomosis leakage after total gastrectomy (TG) for esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma (ADC) constitutes one of the most serious and sometimes life-threatening complications. Management remains controversial and still challenging. METHODS: A total of 198 patients operated for type I and II EGJ ADC were reviewed. Diagnosis of leakage was based on a combination of clinical and radiological findings. It was classified including objective endoscopic and clinical parameters requiring different type of treatment...
August 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Takuya Hattori, Kazuhiro Sentani, Yui Hattori, Naohide Oue, Wataru Yasui
Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC), an aggressive variant of adenocarcinoma, is associated with a poor prognosis. Although IMPC has been reported to occur in various organs, pure IMPC has only been reported in the breast, pancreas and colon. There are no reports of IMPC of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). According to previous reports on gastric IMPC, IMPC occupied, at most, 90 % of the whole tumor. IMPC is reported to occur least frequently in the gastric cardia. We herein report a rare case of pure IMPC of the EGJ...
October 2016: Pathology International
J Li, G S Han, Y H Cao, Z C Run, Y Z Zhao, Y K Ren, Y H Gu, Z M Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the advantages of thoracoabdominal radical gastrectomy for advanced Siewert type Ⅱ adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction. METHODS: Clinical data of 86 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ adennocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who received surgical treatment at the Henan Provincial Tumor Hospital from January 2015 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 44 patients underwent abdominal operation (abdominal group), and 42 patients underwent thoracoabdominal radical gastrectomy (thoraco-abdominal group)...
August 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
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