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esophagogastric adenocarcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187465/esophagogastric-junction-carcinomas-discriminating-histological-types-through-immunohistochemistry
#1
Kunio Mochizuki, Tetsuo Kondo, Naoki Oishi, Ippei Tahara, Tomohiro Inoue, Kazunari Kasai, Tadao Nakazawa, Ryohei Katoh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although differentiating squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from adenocarcinoma (AC) at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is important for the choice of treatment, this can occasionally be difficult with small biopsy specimens. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the most useful immunomarker panel for discriminating between SCC and AC of the EGJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 15 SCCs and 26 ACs of the EGJ obtained surgically using immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186642/-flot-becomes-standard-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction-and-stomach
#2
Christoph Treese, Hannah Harloff, Severin Daum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172757/systemic-effects-of-angiogenesis-inhibition-alter-pharmacokinetics-and-intratumoral-delivery-of-nab-paclitaxel
#3
Anne Steins, Eva A Ebbing, Marcel C M Pistorius, Cynthia Waasdorp, Kausilia K Krishnadath, Jan Paul Medema, Johanna W Wilmink, Ron A A Mathôt, Maarten F Bijlsma, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven
Angiogenesis is critical to the growth of tumors. Vascularization-targeting agents, with or without cytotoxic drugs, are widely used for the treatment of several solid tumors including esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. However, little is known about the systemic effects of anti-angiogenic therapies and how this affects the pharmacokinetics and intratumoral delivery of cytotoxic agents. In this study, patient-derived xenograft mouse models of esophageal adenocarcinoma were used to identify the effects of DC101, a murine vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) inhibitor, on the pharmacokinetics and the intratumoral uptake of nab-paclitaxel (NPTX)...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151938/comparison-of-her2-and-lauren-classification-between-biopsy-and-surgical-resection-samples-primary-and-metastatic-samples-of-gastric-cancer
#4
Miao-Zhen Qiu, Si-Mei Shi, Min Chen, Jing Wang, Qi-Nian Wu, Hui Sheng, Hui-Zhong Zhang, Jing-Ping Yun, Zhi-Wei Zhou, Feng-Hua Wang, Da-Jun Yang, Rui-Hua Xu
Purpose: Patients with advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach or esophagogastric junction for whom trastuzumab therapy is being considered, assessment for tumor human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) status is necessary. Can the HER2 status and Lauren classification of the biopsy sample truly represent the HER2 status in the gastric cancer? Methods: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of 116 pair surgically resected and biopsy specimens as well as 80 pair primary and metastatic lesions of gastric cancer patients were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137409/overexpression-of-cten-relates-to-tumor-malignant-potential-and-poor-outcomes-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#5
Kenichi Aratani, Shuhei Komatsu, Daisuke Ichikawa, Takuma Ohashi, Mahito Miyamae, Wataru Okajima, Taisuke Imamura, Jun Kiuchi, Keiji Nishibeppu, Toshiyuki Kosuga, Hirotaka Konishi, Atsushi Shiozaki, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Okamoto, Hitoshi Tsuda, Eigo Otsuji
Background: To detect a novel treatment target for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG), we tested whether C-terminal tensin-like (CTEN), a member of the tensin gene family and frequently overexpressed in various cancers, acts as a cancer-promoting gene through overexpression in AEG. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 5 gastric adenocarcinoma (GC) cell lines and 104 primary AEG tumors curatively resected in our hospital between 2000 and 2010. Results: CTEN overexpression was detected in GC cell lines (2/5 cell lines; 40%) and primary AEG tumor samples (35/104 cases; 34%)...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102948/five-year-survival-after-surgical-removal-and-gamma-knife-stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-a-cerebellar-metastasis-from-an-esophagogastric-junction-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Itsuo Fujita, Daisuke Kakinuma, Yuto Aoki, Hitoshi Kanno, Hiroki Arai, Kunihiko Matsuno, Tomohiro Shimoda, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Tsutomu Nomura, Takeshi Yamada, Shunji Kato, Zenya Naito, Hideaki Takasaki, Eiji Uchida
Brain metastases originating from esophageal or gastric cancer are rare, accounting for 2.1-3.3% of all brain tumors registered in Japan. There are no established therapeutic measures for brain metastases, which accordingly have a poor prognosis. We present here a patient who survived for 5 years after surgery and gamma knife treatment of a cerebellar metastasis from esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. The primary gastric cancer was treated by laparotomy with total gastrectomy, splenectomy, and D2 lymphadenectomy...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078652/vats-hand-sewn-intrathoracic-esophagogastric-anastomosis
#7
Thirugnanam Agasthian, Assim Shabbir
Totally endoscopic two stage (laparoscopic and VATS) esophagectomy for carcinoma of the esophagus is a well-established procedure. There are currently many methods to perform the intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis by VATS. This article describes a totally hand sewn VATS intrathoracic esophagogastric anastomosis technique in a 64-year-old female with a T2N0M0 adenocarcinoma of the lower third of the esophagus.
2017: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043568/intensified-neoadjuvant-multimodal-approach-in-synchronous-liver-metastases-from-gastric-cancer-a-single-institutional-experience
#8
REVIEW
L Ceniceros, A Chopitea, F Pardo, F Rotellar, L Arbea, J J Sola, J C Subtil, B Sangro, A Benito, J L Hernández-Lizoain, J Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Synchronous liver metastases (LM) from gastric (GC) or esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma are a rare events. Several trials have evaluated the role of liver surgery in this setting, but the impact of preoperative therapy remains undetermined. METHODS: Patients with synchronous LM from GC/EGJ adenocarcinoma who achieved disease control after induction chemotherapy (ICT) and were subsequently scheduled to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) to the primary tumor and surgery assessment were retrospectively analyzed...
October 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978106/a-prospective-appraisal-of-preoperative-body-mass-index-in-d2-resected-patients-with-non-metastatic-gastric-carcinoma-and-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort
#9
Lei Huang, Zhi-Jian Wei, Tuan-Jie Li, Yu-Ming Jiang, A-Man Xu
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate associations of presurgical body mass index (BMI) with clinicopathological factors and its prognostic significance in radically D2-resected patients with non-metastasized gastric cancer (GC) and Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). METHODS: A large prospective cohort consisting of radically-resected GC and AEG patients was analyzed. Follow-up was successful in 671 out of 700 patients, who were categorized into underweight (BMI<18...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960212/a-network-meta-analysis-of-the-short-term-efficacy-of-five-chemotherapy-regimens-based-on-cisplatin-and-fluorouracil-for-esophagogastric-junctional-adenocarcinoma
#10
Cong Wang, Dong-Jian Song, Zhi-Li Xu, Shu-Ping Xie, Jun-Hong Hu
The primary purpose of this study was to explore the short-term efficacy of different cisplatin and fluorouracil-based chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of patients with esophagogastric junctional adenocarcinoma (EGJA) using a network meta-analysis (NMA). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to chemotherapy regimens based on cisplatin and fluorouracil for EGJA were included from the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library electronic databases (from inception to June 2016). Direct and indirect evidence were combined to calculate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) as well as to draw the surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA) curves...
September 29, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928013/the-prognostic-relevance-of-parapyloric-lymph-node-metastasis-in-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#11
Jia-Bin Wang, Man-Qiang Lin, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Chao-Hui Zheng, Chang-Ming Huang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) with parapyloric lymph node (No. 5 and 6 lymph nodes, PLN) metastasis and to determine the need for PLN dissection for patients with type II/III AEG. METHODS: A total of 1008 patients with type II/III AEG who underwent a transabdominal total gastrectomy were enrolled. The long-term surgical outcome of PLN-positive patients and the therapeutic value of PLN dissection were analyzed...
September 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924592/tumor-location-is-a-risk-factor-for-lymph-node-metastasis-in-superficial-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma
#12
Masayoshi Yamada, Ichiro Oda, Hirohito Tanaka, Seiichiro Abe, Satoru Nonaka, Haruhisa Suzuki, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Aya Kuchiba, Kazuo Koyanagi, Hiroyasu Igaki, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yutaka Saito, Yuji Tachimori
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Endoscopic treatment is indicated for superficial Barrett's adenocarcinoma (BA) with a negligible risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). However, risk factors associated with LNM in superficial BA are still not well characterized. The aim of the current study was to clarify risk factors for LNM of superficial BA. PATIENTS AND METHODS : A retrospective study was conducted in 87 consecutive patients with BA that was resected at National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan between 1990 and 2013...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915691/preoperative-monocyte-lymphocyte-and-neutrophil-lymphocyte-but-not-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-are-predictive-of-clinical-outcomes-in-resected-patients-with-non-metastatic-siewert-type-ii-iii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Jia-Wei Zhang, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
AIMS: To propectively reveal the clinicopathological and prognostic significances of monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in resected patients with non-metastatic Siewert type II/III adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). METHODS: A total of 611 patients diagnosed with Siewert type II/III AEG and undergoing surgery between 2006 and 2011 were prospectively followed-up until April 2016. Associations between preoperative peripheral MLR, NLR, and PLR and clinicopathological parameters were quantified using the multivariate Logistic regression model with adjustment...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877045/advances-in-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer
#14
David H Ilson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent studies in esophagogastric cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Positive emission tomography (PET) scan in follow-up after curative treatment of esophagogastric cancer did not lead to improved survival. In the preoperative treatment of esophagogastric cancer, the addition of the antivascular endothelial growth factor agent bevacizumab to perioperative chemotherapy with combination epirubicin, cisplatinum, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU; ECF) failed to improve survival compared with chemotherapy alone...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860457/prognostic-performance-of-three-lymph-node-staging-schemes-for-patients-with-siewert-type-ii-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction
#15
Jinming Xu, Jinlin Cao, Luming Wang, Zhitian Wang, Yiqing Wang, Yihua Wu, Wang Lv, Jian Hu
The prognostic performance of different lymph node staging schemes for adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to compare the prognostic efficacy of the number of lymph node metastases (LNMs), the positive lymph node ratio (LNR) and the log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS). Patients diagnosed with Siewert type II AEG were included from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Harrell's C-index statistic, Schemper's proportion of explained variation (PEV), the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and restricted cubic spine analyses were adopted to assess the predictive accuracy of LNM, LNR and LODDS...
August 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859365/incidence-of-brain-metastasis-from-esophageal-cancer
#16
G Welch, H J Ross, N P Patel, D E Jaroszewski, D E Fleischer, W G Rule, H R Paripati, F C Ramirez, J B Ashman
We investigated whether the incidence of brain metastasis (BM) from primary esophageal and esophagogastric cancer is increasing. A single-institution retrospective review identified 583 patients treated from January 1997 to January 2016 for stages I through IV cancer of the esophagus and esophagogastric junction (follow-up, ≥3 months). Collected data included demographic information, date and staging at primary diagnosis, histologic subtype, treatment regimen for primary lesion, date of BM diagnosis, presence or absence of central nervous system symptoms, presence or absence of extracranial disease, treatment regimen for intracranial lesions, and date of death...
September 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828728/recurrence-pattern-and-lymph-node-metastasis-of-adenocarcinoma-at-the-esophagogastric-junction
#17
Yun-Suhk Suh, Kyung-Goo Lee, Seung-Young Oh, Seong-Ho Kong, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Woo-Ho Kim, Han-Kwang Yang
BACKGROUND: The surgical approach for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEJ) still is controversial despite revised tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification. This study aimed to evaluate the oncologic outcome of a routine transhiatal approach for AEJ in terms of recurrence and lymph node (LN) metastasis of AEJ. METHODS: Recurrence patterns and LN metastasis of a single, primary AEJ (n = 463) treated by a surgical resection using a transhiatal approach without routine complete mediastinal LN dissection or routine splenectomy were analyzed respectively...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776577/pathologic-assessment-of-gastrointestinal-tract-and-pancreatic-carcinoma-after-neoadjuvant-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Reetesh K Pai, Rish K Pai
Neoadjuvant therapy is increasingly used to treat patients with a wide variety of malignancies. Histologic evaluation of treated specimens provides important prognostic information and may guide subsequent chemotherapy. Neoadjuvant therapy is commonly employed in the treatment of locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma, hepatic colorectal metastases, esophageal/esophagogastric junction carcinoma, and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Numerous tumor regression schemes have been used in these tumors and standardized approaches to evaluate these specimens are needed...
August 4, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765502/a-phase-ii-study-with-lead-in-safety-cohort-of-5-fluorouracil-oxaliplatin-and-lapatinib-in-combination-with-radiation-therapy-as-neoadjuvant-treatment-for-patients-with-localized-her2-positive-esophagogastric-adenocarcinomas
#19
Gregg Shepard, Edward R Arrowsmith, Patrick Murphy, John H Barton, James D Peyton, Mark Mainwaring, Laura Blakely, Noel A Maun, Johanna C Bendell
LESSONS LEARNED: Neoadjuvant 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and lapatinib in combination with radiation therapy is safe for neoadjuvant treatment for patients with localized human epidermal growth receptor 2-positive esophagogastric adenocarcinoma.Evaluation of this drug combination in a larger patient pool would allow for more accurate analysis of its efficacy. BACKGROUND: The optimal design of neoadjuvant chemoradiation for the treatment of localized esophagogastric cancers is the subject of much debate...
October 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760152/randomized-controlled-trial-of-s-1-maintenance-therapy%C3%A2-in-metastatic-esophagogastric-cancer-the-multinational-mateo-study
#20
Georg-Martin Haag, Gertraud Stocker, Julia Quidde, Dirk Jaeger, Florian Lordick
BACKGROUND: The optimal duration of firstline chemotherapy in metastatic esophagogastric cancer is unknown. In most clinical trials therapy was given until tumour progression or limiting toxicity. Maintenance concepts aiming to prolong the duration of response and maintain quality of life have been established in other tumour types but not in esophagogastric cancer. S-1 is an oral fluoropyrimidine with proven efficacy in metastatic esophagogastric cancer. METHODS: The Maintenance Teysuno® (S-1) in esophagogastric cancer (MATEO) trial is a multinational, randomized phase II study that explores the role of S-1 maintenance therapy in Her-2 negative, advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma...
July 31, 2017: BMC Cancer
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