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Revision total hip arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731488/contamination-risk-of-synovial-biopsy-cultures-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-review-of-100-cases
#1
Christophe Pattyn, Thomas De Bo, Joris Anthonissen, Philippe Willekens, Geert Claeys, Emmanuel A Audenaert
INTRODUCTION: Cultures of deep synovial biopsies remain an important tool in diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection, a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Recent reports of unexpected positive intraoperative cultures in aseptic revision arthroplasty, however, challenge the validity and interpretation of these cultures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the contamination risk of synovial biopsy cultures collected intraoperatively during primary THA of healthy subjects...
July 19, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724376/sonication-contribution-to-identifying-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-ralstonia-pickettii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Rares Mircea Birlutiu, Mihai Dan Roman, Razvan Silviu Cismasiu, Sorin Radu Fleaca, Crina Maria Popa, Manuela Mihalache, Victoria Birlutiu
BACKGROUND: In the context of an increase number of primary and revision total hip and total knee arthroplasty performed yearly, an increased risk of complication is expected. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains the most common and feared arthroplasty complication. Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative bacterium, that has also been identified in biofilms. It remains an extremely rare cause of PJI. There is no report of an identification of R. pickettii on an extracted spacer loaded with antibiotic...
July 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716026/short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-patients-60%C3%A2-years-or-younger-a-3-to-10-year-follow-up-study
#3
Antonio Capone, Fabrizio Bienati, Stefania Torchia, Daniele Podda, Giuseppe Marongiu
BACKGROUND: In young patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) could allow a potential advantage in preserving metaphyseal bone-stock, when revision surgery might become necessary. However, only a few studies have evaluated the outcome of short-stem THAs in ONFH. We reviewed the prospectively collected data of a cementless partial neck-retaining short-stem with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in ONFH patients. METHODS: Thirty patients (37 hips) younger than 60 years (mean age at surgery, 51...
July 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711340/revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-the-kerboull-acetabular-reinforcement-device-and-structural-allograft-for-severe-defects-of-the-acetabulum
#4
Hiroyuki Makita, Marcel Kerboull, Yutaka Inaba, Taro Tezuka, Tomoyuki Saito, Luc Kerboull
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to review our experience with Kerboull reinforcement device combined with bulk allograft for management of severe acetabular defects. METHODS: We investigated the results of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 65 hips of 59 patients (10 male, 49 female) with Paprosky type 3A or 3B acetabular bone defects. Functional outcome was assessed using the Merle d'Aubigne hip score. Post-operative radiographs were examined for evidence of cup loosening...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709613/a-regional-registry-study-of-216-patients-investigating-if-patient-satisfaction-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-changes-over-a-time-period-of-five-to-20years
#5
Odei Shannak, Jeya Palan, Colin Esler
AIMS: To determine the temporal changes in patient dissatisfaction following primary knee arthroplasty surgery (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety patients that had previously indicated they were either dissatisfied or unsure with their TKA at one-year post-surgery in our region were mailed a simple questionnaire in addition to the Oxford Knee Score and EQ-5D. RESULTS: A 55% response rate was achieved. The mean follow-up time period was 9...
August 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708201/the-impact-of-trabecular-metal-on-hip-centre-of-rotation-in-revision-and-complex-primary-hip-arthroplasty-a-radiological-review
#6
Carl O'Brien, Cillian J Keogh, Ailish Hannigan, Stephen Brennan, Cian Kennedy, Rehan Gul, James A Harty
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a very successful procedure. Revision THA is becoming increasingly common. Recent developments to improve outcomes include the development of large trabecular metal (TM) acetabular cups and augments. There is a paucity of data on the benefit of these new techniques. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective review consisting of a radiological review of post-op revision THA anteroposterior pelvis. Data collection was performed using the Irish National Orthopaedic Register (INOR) and from a previous project...
July 1, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708200/periacetabular-bone-densitometry-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-highly-porous-titanium-cups-a-2-year-follow-up-prospective-study
#7
Leo Massari, Alessandro Bistolfi, Pier Paolo Grillo, Alda Borré, Gaetano Gigliofiorito, Carlotta Pari, Andrea Francescotto, Piermario Tosco, Davide Deledda, Laura Ravera, Araldo Causero
INTRODUCTION: Trabecular Titanium is an advanced cellular solid structure, composed of regular multiplanar hexagonal interconnected cells that mimic the morphology of the trabecular bone. This biomaterial demonstrated improved mechanical properties and enhanced osteoinduction and osteoconduction in several in vitro and in vivo studies. The aim of this study was to assess Trabecular Titanium osseointegration by measuring periacetabular changes in bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
July 1, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707829/-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-younger-than-50-years
#8
Matthieu Zingg, Morgan Gauthier, Didier Hannouche
Total hip replacement can provide pain relief and restore function in patients suffering from hip arthritis, including in those under the age of 50. However, shortened implant longevity in this age group has been a concern because the clinical results after revision surgery are inferior to those after primary hip arthroplasty. Technical choices (approach, implants, type of fixation and bearing couple) must be made to maximise longevity based on published data and thoroughly discussed with the patient. Finally, long term results (clinical outcome and implant longevity) associated with this surgery are such that it appears unnecessary to postpone the surgery once the indication is established...
December 14, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704747/two-cases-of-late-medial-instability-of-the-knee-due-to-hip-disease-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
Masanori Tsubosaka, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Naoki Nakano, Ryosuke Kuroda
INTRODUCTION: There are few specific reports of late medial instability after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We described two cases of late medial instability of the knee due to hip disease with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis after TKA, which required revision TKA. PRESENTATION OF CASES: An 82-year-old woman experienced right femoral neck fracture due to a fall that required conservative treatment at age 77 years and underwent left TKA at age 80 years. A 68-year-old woman underwent left TKA at age 54 years, right TKA at age 64 years, and left THA at age 67 years...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699417/comparison-of-metal-ion-concentrations-and-implant-survival-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-metal-on-metal-versus-metal-on-polyethylene-articulations
#10
Henrik Dahlstrand, André Stark, Marius C Wick, Lucas Anissian, Nils P Hailer, Rüdiger J Weiss
Background and purpose - Large metal-on-metal (MoM) articulations are associated with metal wear and corrosion, leading to increased metal ion concentrations and unacceptable revision rates. There are few comparative studies of 28-mm MoM articulations with conventional metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) couplings. We present a long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial comparing MoM versus MoP 28-mm articulations, focused on metal ions and implant survival. Patients and methods - 85 patients with a mean age of 65 years at surgery were randomized to a MoM (Metasul) or a MoP (Protasul) bearing...
July 12, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697865/revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-cementless-cup-supporter-and-iliac-autograft-a-minimum-of-15-year-follow-up
#11
Kensuke Yoshino, Tadashi Tsukeoka, Yoshikazu Tsuneizumi, Tae Hyun Lee, Junichi Nakamura, Masahiko Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Bone deficiency in revision total hip arthroplasty is a surgical challenge. The Murata-Chiba cup supporter (MC support ring) is an acetabular component supporter for a cementless porous-coated cup. The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of reconstruction of acetabular bone deficiency using iliac autografts supported by an MC support ring in a revision setting with minimum 15-year follow-up. METHODS: Fifty-nine consecutive revision total hip arthroplasties (57 patients) using the MC support ring were followed for a minimum of 15 years...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695187/infection-burden-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties-an-international-registry-based-perspective
#12
Bryan D Springer, September Cahue, Caryn D Etkin, David G Lewallen, Brian J McGrory
BACKGROUND: Infection remains a leading cause of failure of hip and knee replacements. Infection burden is the ratio of implants revised for infection to the total number of arthroplasties in a specific period, measuring the steady state of infection in a registry. We hypothesized infection burden would be similar among arthroplasty registries. METHODS: We evaluated publicly reported data from 6 arthroplasty registries (Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry [AOANJRR], New Zealand Joint Registry, Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register, National Joint Registry of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Isle of Man, and the American Joint Replacement Registry) for revisions performed with an infection diagnosis over the last 6 years...
June 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695178/delayed-diagnosis-of-catastrophic-ceramic-liner-failure-with-resultant-pelvic-discontinuity-and-massive-metallosis
#13
Benjamin A Winston, Ryland P Kagan, Thomas W Huff
With newer-generation ceramic components used in total hip arthroplasty, component fracture is a rare complication. However rare, when ceramic component fracture does occur, prompt identification and revision is necessary as delay can lead to dramatic failure with resultant metallosis as the extremely hard ceramic debris abrades remaining components. We present a case of a 70-year-old woman with ceramic liner fracture and an estimated 10-year delay in intervention with failure resulting in pelvic discontinuity and massive metallosis with associated cutaneous manifestation...
June 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695177/unusual-presentation-of-failed-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-features-of-neoplastic-process
#14
Robert P Runner, Briggs M Ahearn, George N Guild
Metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with increased incidence of failure from metallosis, adverse tissue reactions, and the formation of pseudotumors. This case highlights a 53-year-old female with an enlarging painful thigh mass 12 years status post MoM THA. Radiographs and advanced imaging revealed an atypical mass with cortical bone destruction and spiculation, concerning for periprosthetic malignancy. Open frozen section biopsy was performed before undergoing revision THA in a single episode of care...
June 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691547/reduced-risk-of-reoperation-after-treatment-of-femoral-neck-fractures-with-total-hip-arthroplasty
#15
Susanne Hansson, Szilard Nemes, Johan Kärrholm, Cecilia Rogmark
Background and purpose - Femoral neck fractures (FNFs) are commonly treated with some kind of arthroplasty, but evidence on whether to use hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) is lacking. HA reduces the risk of dislocation, but may lead to acetabular erosion. THA implies longer surgery and increased bleeding. THA may result in better function and health-related quality of life, but evidence is contradictory. We compared HA and THA and in terms of revision, reoperation and death. Patients and methods - Data were extracted from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register for 11,253 patients with acute FNF receiving cemented HA or THA during 2008-2012...
July 10, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690039/retained-antibiotic-spacers-after-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-resections-high-complication-rates
#16
Stephen M Petis, Kevin I Perry, Mark W Pagnano, Daniel J Berry, Arlen D Hanssen, Matthew P Abdel
BACKGROUND: Prolonged retention of an antibiotic spacer is occasionally chosen during treatment of periprosthetic joint infections after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the outcome of extended spacer retention. METHODS: We reviewed 1106 cases of periprosthetic joint infection after THA (n = 308) and TKA (n = 798) and identified 17 (5.5%) retained hip and 34 (4.3%) retained knee spacers. Most patients (35 of 51, 69%) underwent spacer retention because they were medically unfit for further surgery...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683979/patient-reported-outcomes-can-be-used-to-streamline-post-total-hip-arthroplasty-follow-up-to-high-risk-patients
#17
Jie J Yao, Hilal Maradit Kremers, Cathy D Schleck, Dirk R Larson, Jasvinder A Singh, Daniel J Berry, David G Lewallen
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used to capture the patients' perspective in total hip arthroplasty (THA). They can potentially be used to streamline post-THA follow-up to high-risk patients. We aimed to determine whether the long-term revision risk in THA relates to patient-reported measures at 2 and 5 years. METHODS: In a single-institution cohort of primary THA procedures, we examined the association between 2-year and 5-year pain and Mayo Hip Scores and the risk of revision...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683496/-prosthetic-joint-infection-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-results-of-an-online-questionnaire-about-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedures-in-107-german-hospitals
#18
Elia Raoul Langenmair, Lukas Konstantinidis, Norbert P Südkamp, Peter Helwig
Background Prosthetic hip joint infection is a common severe complication with a high socio-economic impact. The inconsistency of the available data and the absence of binding guidelines lead to a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study is to present the current diagnostic and therapeutic approach to treating infections after total hip arthroplasties in German hospitals, link it with current evidence, and evaluate the willingness of these hospitals to participate in prospective multicentre trials...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681674/total-hip-arthroplasty-after-failed-osteosynthesis-of-proximal-femoral-fractures-revision-and-mortality-of-80-patients
#19
Franz Müller, Michael Galler, Michael Zellner, Christian Bäuml, Bernd Füchtmeier
PURPOSE: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) after failed osteosynthesis for proximal femoral fractures is associated with higher revision rates, particularly for dislocation. The purpose of this study was to report our results with THA after failed osteosynthesis within a treatment period of 10 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including 80 consecutive patients was conducted. After a minimum follow-up of 1 year, we evaluated revision for any cause including dislocation, outcome, and mortality...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674737/systematic-review-of-the-outcome-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-sequelae-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#20
Sammy A Hanna, Khaled M Sarraf, Manoj Ramachandran, Pramod Achan
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with sequelae of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is technically demanding because of the disease related deformities occuring in the proximal femur and/or the multiplanar deformities secondary to corrective osteotomies in childhood. Little is known about the long-term outcome of the procedure in this challenging group of patients. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to determine the functional outcome, complications and revision rate of THA in patients with sequelae of LCP disease...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
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