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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550078/race-and-gender-differences-in-undergraduate-research-mentoring-structures-and-research-outcomes
#1
Melissa L Aikens, Melissa M Robertson, Sona Sadselia, Keiana Watkins, Mara Evans, Christopher R Runyon, Lillian T Eby, Erin L Dolan
Participating in undergraduate research with mentorship from faculty may be particularly important for ensuring the persistence of women and minority students in science. Yet many life science undergraduates at research universities are mentored by graduate or postdoctoral researchers (i.e., postgraduates). We surveyed a national sample of undergraduate life science researchers about the mentoring structure of their research experiences and the outcomes they realized from participating in research. We observed two common mentoring structures: an open triad with undergraduate-postgraduate and postgraduate-faculty ties but no undergraduate-faculty tie, and a closed triad with ties among all three members...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550058/whole-genome-and-core-genome-multilocus-sequence-typing-and-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-analyses-of-listeria-monocytogenes-associated-with-an-outbreak-linked-to-cheese-united-states-2013
#2
Yi Chen, Yan Luo, Heather Carleton, Ruth Timme, David Melka, Tim Muruvanda, Charles Wang, George Kastanis, Lee S Katz, Lauren Turner, Angela Fritzinger, Terence Moore, Robert Stones, Joseph Blankenship, Monique Salter, Mickey Parish, Thomas S Hammack, Peter S Evans, Cheryl L Tarr, Marc W Allard, Errol A Strain, Eric W Brown
Epidemiological findings of a listeriosis outbreak in 2013 implicated Hispanic-style cheese produced by Company A, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and whole genome sequencing (WGS) were performed on clinical isolates and representative isolates collected from Company A cheese and environmental samples during the investigation. The results strengthened the evidence for cheese as the vehicle. Surveillance sampling and WGS three months later revealed that the equipment purchased by Company B from Company A yielded an environmental isolate highly similar to all outbreak isolates...
May 26, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549310/segmentation-of-lumen-and-outer-wall-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-from-3d-black-blood-mri-with-a-registration-based-geodesic-active-contour-model
#3
Yan Wang, Florent Seguro, Evan Kao, Yue Zhang, Farshid Faraji, Chengcheng Zhu, Henrik Haraldsson, Michael Hope, David Saloner, Jing Liu
Segmentation of the geometric morphology of abdominal aortic aneurysm is important for interventional planning. However, the segmentation of both the lumen and the outer wall of aneurysm in magnetic resonance (MR) image remains challenging. This study proposes a registration based segmentation methodology for efficiently segmenting MR images of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The proposed methodology first registers the contrast enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) and black-blood MR images, and then uses the Hough transform and geometric active contours to extract the vessel lumen by delineating the inner vessel wall directly from the CE-MRA...
May 19, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549080/life-history-traits-influence-the-strength-of-distance-and-density-dependence-at-different-life-stages-of-two-amazonian-palms
#4
Juanita Choo, Cecilia Carasco, Patricia Alvarez-Loayza, Beryl B Simpson, Evan P Economo
Background and Aims: Natural enemies are known to be important in regulating plant populations and contributing to species coexistence (Janzen-Connell effects). The strength of Janzen-Connell effects (both distance- and density-effects) varies across species, but the life history traits that may mediate such a variation are not well understood. This study examined Janzen-Connell effects across the life stages (seed through adult stages) of two sympatric palm species with distinct phenologies and shade tolerances, two traits that may mediate the strength and timing of Janzen-Connell effects...
May 26, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548577/folie-%C3%A3-deux-in-monozygotic-twins-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Dimitry Francois, Evan Bander, Mark D'Agostino, Alec Swinburne, Lauren Broderick, Michael B Grody, Annaheta Salajegheh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548525/measurement-of-the-b_-s-0-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-branching-fraction-and-effective-lifetime-and-search-for-b-0-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-decays
#6
R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, Z Ajaltouni, S Akar, J Albrecht, F Alessio, M Alexander, S Ali, G Alkhazov, P Alvarez Cartelle, A A Alves, S Amato, S Amerio, Y Amhis, L An, L Anderlini, G Andreassi, M Andreotti, J E Andrews, R B Appleby, F Archilli, P d'Argent, J Arnau Romeu, A Artamonov, M Artuso, E Aslanides, G Auriemma, M Baalouch, I Babuschkin, S Bachmann, J J Back, A Badalov, C Baesso, S Baker, V Balagura, W Baldini, A Baranov, R J Barlow, C Barschel, S Barsuk, W Barter, F Baryshnikov, M Baszczyk, V Batozskaya, B Batsukh, V Battista, A Bay, L Beaucourt, J Beddow, F Bedeschi, I Bediaga, A Beiter, L J Bel, V Bellee, N Belloli, K Belous, I Belyaev, E Ben-Haim, G Bencivenni, S Benson, S Beranek, A Berezhnoy, R Bernet, A Bertolin, C Betancourt, F Betti, M-O Bettler, M van Beuzekom, Ia Bezshyiko, S Bifani, P Billoir, A Birnkraut, A Bitadze, A Bizzeti, T Blake, F Blanc, J Blouw, S Blusk, V Bocci, T Boettcher, A Bondar, N Bondar, W Bonivento, I Bordyuzhin, A Borgheresi, S Borghi, M Borisyak, M Borsato, F Bossu, M Boubdir, T J V Bowcock, E Bowen, C Bozzi, S Braun, T Britton, J Brodzicka, E Buchanan, C Burr, A Bursche, J Buytaert, S Cadeddu, R Calabrese, M Calvi, M Calvo Gomez, A Camboni, P Campana, D H Campora Perez, L Capriotti, A Carbone, G Carboni, R Cardinale, A Cardini, P Carniti, L Carson, K Carvalho Akiba, G Casse, L Cassina, L Castillo Garcia, M Cattaneo, G Cavallero, R Cenci, D Chamont, M Charles, Ph Charpentier, G Chatzikonstantinidis, M Chefdeville, S Chen, S F Cheung, V Chobanova, M Chrzaszcz, A Chubykin, X Cid Vidal, G Ciezarek, P E L Clarke, M Clemencic, H V Cliff, J Closier, V Coco, J Cogan, E Cogneras, V Cogoni, L Cojocariu, P Collins, A Comerma-Montells, A Contu, A Cook, G Coombs, S Coquereau, G Corti, M Corvo, C M Costa Sobral, B Couturier, G A Cowan, D C Craik, A Crocombe, M Cruz Torres, S Cunliffe, R Currie, C D'Ambrosio, F Da Cunha Marinho, E Dall'Occo, J Dalseno, P N Y David, A Davis, K De Bruyn, S De Capua, M De Cian, J M De Miranda, L De Paula, M De Serio, P De Simone, C T Dean, D Decamp, M Deckenhoff, L Del Buono, M Demmer, A Dendek, D Derkach, O Deschamps, F Dettori, B Dey, A Di Canto, H Dijkstra, F Dordei, M Dorigo, A Dosil Suárez, A Dovbnya, K Dreimanis, L Dufour, G Dujany, K Dungs, P Durante, R Dzhelyadin, A Dziurda, A Dzyuba, N Déléage, S Easo, M Ebert, U Egede, V Egorychev, S Eidelman, S Eisenhardt, U Eitschberger, R Ekelhof, L Eklund, S Ely, S Esen, H M Evans, T Evans, A Falabella, N Farley, S Farry, R Fay, D Fazzini, D Ferguson, G Fernandez, A Fernandez Prieto, F Ferrari, F Ferreira Rodrigues, M Ferro-Luzzi, S Filippov, R A Fini, M Fiore, M Fiorini, M Firlej, C Fitzpatrick, T Fiutowski, F Fleuret, K Fohl, M Fontana, F Fontanelli, D C Forshaw, R Forty, V Franco Lima, M Frank, C Frei, J Fu, W Funk, E Furfaro, C Färber, A Gallas Torreira, D Galli, S Gallorini, S Gambetta, M Gandelman, P Gandini, Y Gao, L M Garcia Martin, J García Pardiñas, J Garra Tico, L Garrido, P J Garsed, D Gascon, C Gaspar, L Gavardi, G Gazzoni, D Gerick, E Gersabeck, M Gersabeck, T Gershon, Ph Ghez, S Gianì, V Gibson, O G Girard, L Giubega, K Gizdov, V V Gligorov, D Golubkov, A Golutvin, A Gomes, I V Gorelov, C Gotti, E Govorkova, R Graciani Diaz, L A Granado Cardoso, E Graugés, E Graverini, G Graziani, A Grecu, R Greim, P Griffith, L Grillo, B R Gruberg Cazon, O Grünberg, E Gushchin, Yu Guz, T Gys, C Göbel, T Hadavizadeh, C Hadjivasiliou, G Haefeli, C Haen, S C Haines, B Hamilton, X Han, S Hansmann-Menzemer, N Harnew, S T Harnew, J Harrison, M Hatch, J He, T Head, A Heister, K Hennessy, P Henrard, L Henry, E van Herwijnen, M Heß, A Hicheur, D Hill, C Hombach, P H Hopchev, Z-C Huard, W Hulsbergen, T Humair, M Hushchyn, D Hutchcroft, M Idzik, P Ilten, R Jacobsson, J Jalocha, E Jans, A Jawahery, F Jiang, M John, D Johnson, C R Jones, C Joram, B Jost, N Jurik, S Kandybei, M Karacson, J M Kariuki, S Karodia, M Kecke, M Kelsey, M Kenzie, T Ketel, E Khairullin, B Khanji, C Khurewathanakul, T Kirn, S Klaver, K Klimaszewski, T Klimkovich, S Koliiev, M Kolpin, I Komarov, P Koppenburg, A Kosmyntseva, S Kotriakhova, M Kozeiha, L Kravchuk, K Kreplin, M Kreps, P Krokovny, F Kruse, W Krzemien, W Kucewicz, M Kucharczyk, V Kudryavtsev, A K Kuonen, K Kurek, T Kvaratskheliya, D Lacarrere, G Lafferty, A Lai, G Lanfranchi, C Langenbruch, T Latham, C Lazzeroni, R Le Gac, J van Leerdam, A Leflat, J Lefrançois, R Lefèvre, F Lemaitre, E Lemos Cid, O Leroy, T Lesiak, B Leverington, T Li, Y Li, Z Li, T Likhomanenko, R Lindner, F Lionetto, X Liu, D Loh, I Longstaff, J H Lopes, D Lucchesi, M Lucio Martinez, H Luo, A Lupato, E Luppi, O Lupton, A Lusiani, X Lyu, F Machefert, F Maciuc, O Maev, K Maguire, S Malde, A Malinin, T Maltsev, G Manca, G Mancinelli, P Manning, J Maratas, J F Marchand, U Marconi, C Marin Benito, M Marinangeli, P Marino, J Marks, G Martellotti, M Martin, M Martinelli, D Martinez Santos, F Martinez Vidal, D Martins Tostes, L M Massacrier, A Massafferri, R Matev, A Mathad, Z Mathe, C Matteuzzi, A Mauri, E Maurice, B Maurin, A Mazurov, M McCann, A McNab, R McNulty, B Meadows, F Meier, D Melnychuk, M Merk, A Merli, E Michielin, D A Milanes, M-N Minard, D S Mitzel, A Mogini, J Molina Rodriguez, I A Monroy, S Monteil, M Morandin, P Morawski, M J Morello, O Morgunova, J Moron, A B Morris, R Mountain, F Muheim, M Mulder, M Mussini, D Müller, J Müller, K Müller, V Müller, P Naik, T Nakada, R Nandakumar, A Nandi, I Nasteva, M Needham, N Neri, S Neubert, N Neufeld, M Neuner, T D Nguyen, C Nguyen-Mau, S Nieswand, R Niet, N Nikitin, T Nikodem, A Nogay, A Novoselov, D P O'Hanlon, A Oblakowska-Mucha, V Obraztsov, S Ogilvy, R Oldeman, C J G Onderwater, J M Otalora Goicochea, A Otto, P Owen, A Oyanguren, P R Pais, A Palano, M Palutan, A Papanestis, M Pappagallo, L L Pappalardo, C Pappenheimer, W Parker, C Parkes, G Passaleva, A Pastore, M Patel, C Patrignani, A Pearce, A Pellegrino, G Penso, M Pepe Altarelli, S Perazzini, P Perret, M Perrin-Terrin, L Pescatore, K Petridis, A Petrolini, A Petrov, M Petruzzo, E Picatoste Olloqui, B Pietrzyk, M Pikies, D Pinci, A Pistone, A Piucci, V Placinta, S Playfer, M Plo Casasus, T Poikela, F Polci, M Poli Lener, A Poluektov, I Polyakov, E Polycarpo, G J Pomery, S Ponce, A Popov, D Popov, B Popovici, S Poslavskii, C Potterat, E Price, J Prisciandaro, C Prouve, V Pugatch, A Puig Navarro, G Punzi, C Qian, W Qian, R Quagliani, B Rachwal, J H Rademacker, M Rama, M Ramos Pernas, M S Rangel, I Raniuk, F Ratnikov, G Raven, F Redi, S Reichert, A C Dos Reis, C Remon Alepuz, V Renaudin, S Ricciardi, S Richards, M Rihl, K Rinnert, V Rives Molina, P Robbe, A B Rodrigues, E Rodrigues, J A Rodriguez Lopez, P Rodriguez Perez, A Rogozhnikov, S Roiser, A Rollings, V Romanovskiy, A Romero Vidal, J W Ronayne, M Rotondo, M S Rudolph, T Ruf, P Ruiz Valls, J J Saborido Silva, E Sadykhov, N Sagidova, B Saitta, V Salustino Guimaraes, D Sanchez Gonzalo, C Sanchez Mayordomo, B Sanmartin Sedes, R Santacesaria, C Santamarina Rios, M Santimaria, E Santovetti, A Sarti, C Satriano, A Satta, D M Saunders, D Savrina, S Schael, M Schellenberg, M Schiller, H Schindler, M Schlupp, M Schmelling, T Schmelzer, B Schmidt, O Schneider, A Schopper, H F Schreiner, K Schubert, M Schubiger, M-H Schune, R Schwemmer, B Sciascia, A Sciubba, A Semennikov, A Sergi, N Serra, J Serrano, L Sestini, P Seyfert, M Shapkin, I Shapoval, Y Shcheglov, T Shears, L Shekhtman, V Shevchenko, B G Siddi, R Silva Coutinho, L Silva de Oliveira, G Simi, S Simone, M Sirendi, N Skidmore, T Skwarnicki, E Smith, I T Smith, J Smith, M Smith, L Soares Lavra, M D Sokoloff, F J P Soler, B Souza De Paula, B Spaan, P Spradlin, S Sridharan, F Stagni, M Stahl, S Stahl, P Stefko, S Stefkova, O Steinkamp, S Stemmle, O Stenyakin, H Stevens, S Stoica, S Stone, B Storaci, S Stracka, M E Stramaglia, M Straticiuc, U Straumann, L Sun, W Sutcliffe, K Swientek, V Syropoulos, M Szczekowski, T Szumlak, S T'Jampens, A Tayduganov, T Tekampe, G Tellarini, F Teubert, E Thomas, J van Tilburg, M J Tilley, V Tisserand, M Tobin, S Tolk, L Tomassetti, D Tonelli, S Topp-Joergensen, F Toriello, R Tourinho Jadallah Aoude, E Tournefier, S Tourneur, K Trabelsi, M Traill, M T Tran, M Tresch, A Trisovic, A Tsaregorodtsev, P Tsopelas, A Tully, N Tuning, A Ukleja, A Ustyuzhanin, U Uwer, C Vacca, V Vagnoni, A Valassi, S Valat, G Valenti, R Vazquez Gomez, P Vazquez Regueiro, S Vecchi, M van Veghel, J J Velthuis, M Veltri, G Veneziano, A Venkateswaran, T A Verlage, M Vernet, M Vesterinen, J V Viana Barbosa, B Viaud, D Vieira, M Vieites Diaz, H Viemann, X Vilasis-Cardona, M Vitti, V Volkov, A Vollhardt, B Voneki, A Vorobyev, V Vorobyev, C Voß, J A de Vries, C Vázquez Sierra, R Waldi, C Wallace, R Wallace, J Walsh, J Wang, D R Ward, H M Wark, N K Watson, D Websdale, A Weiden, M Whitehead, J Wicht, G Wilkinson, M Wilkinson, M Williams, M P Williams, M Williams, T Williams, F F Wilson, J Wimberley, M A Winn, J Wishahi, W Wislicki, M Witek, G Wormser, S A Wotton, K Wraight, K Wyllie, Y Xie, Z Xing, Z Xu, Z Yang, Z Yang, Y Yao, H Yin, J Yu, X Yuan, O Yushchenko, K A Zarebski, M Zavertyaev, L Zhang, Y Zhang, A Zhelezov, Y Zheng, X Zhu, V Zhukov, S Zucchelli
A search for the rare decays B_{s}^{0}→μ^{+}μ^{-} and B^{0}→μ^{+}μ^{-} is performed at the LHCb experiment using data collected in pp collisions corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 4.4  fb^{-1}. An excess of B_{s}^{0}→μ^{+}μ^{-} decays is observed with a significance of 7.8 standard deviations, representing the first observation of this decay in a single experiment. The branching fraction is measured to be B(B_{s}^{0}→μ^{+}μ^{-})=(3.0±0.6_{-0.2}^{+0.3})×10^{-9}, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic...
May 12, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548519/study-of-j-%C3%AF-production-in-jets
#7
R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, Z Ajaltouni, S Akar, J Albrecht, F Alessio, M Alexander, S Ali, G Alkhazov, P Alvarez Cartelle, A A Alves, S Amato, S Amerio, Y Amhis, L An, L Anderlini, G Andreassi, M Andreotti, J E Andrews, R B Appleby, F Archilli, P d'Argent, J Arnau Romeu, A Artamonov, M Artuso, E Aslanides, G Auriemma, M Baalouch, I Babuschkin, S Bachmann, J J Back, A Badalov, C Baesso, S Baker, V Balagura, W Baldini, A Baranov, R J Barlow, C Barschel, S Barsuk, W Barter, F Baryshnikov, M Baszczyk, V Batozskaya, B Batsukh, V Battista, A Bay, L Beaucourt, J Beddow, F Bedeschi, I Bediaga, A Beiter, L J Bel, V Bellee, N Belloli, K Belous, I Belyaev, E Ben-Haim, G Bencivenni, S Benson, S Beranek, A Berezhnoy, R Bernet, A Bertolin, C Betancourt, F Betti, M-O Bettler, M van Beuzekom, Ia Bezshyiko, S Bifani, P Billoir, T Bird, A Birnkraut, A Bitadze, A Bizzeti, T Blake, F Blanc, J Blouw, S Blusk, V Bocci, T Boettcher, A Bondar, N Bondar, W Bonivento, I Bordyuzhin, A Borgheresi, S Borghi, M Borisyak, M Borsato, F Bossu, M Boubdir, T J V Bowcock, E Bowen, C Bozzi, S Braun, M Britsch, T Britton, J Brodzicka, E Buchanan, C Burr, A Bursche, J Buytaert, S Cadeddu, R Calabrese, M Calvi, M Calvo Gomez, A Camboni, P Campana, D H Campora Perez, L Capriotti, A Carbone, G Carboni, R Cardinale, A Cardini, P Carniti, L Carson, K Carvalho Akiba, G Casse, L Cassina, L Castillo Garcia, M Cattaneo, G Cavallero, R Cenci, D Chamont, M Charles, Ph Charpentier, G Chatzikonstantinidis, M Chefdeville, S Chen, S-F Cheung, V Chobanova, M Chrzaszcz, X Cid Vidal, G Ciezarek, P E L Clarke, M Clemencic, H V Cliff, J Closier, V Coco, J Cogan, E Cogneras, V Cogoni, L Cojocariu, G Collazuol, P Collins, A Comerma-Montells, A Contu, A Cook, G Coombs, S Coquereau, G Corti, M Corvo, C M Costa Sobral, B Couturier, G A Cowan, D C Craik, A Crocombe, M Cruz Torres, S Cunliffe, R Currie, C D'Ambrosio, F Da Cunha Marinho, E Dall'Occo, J Dalseno, P N Y David, A Davis, K De Bruyn, S De Capua, M De Cian, J M De Miranda, L De Paula, M De Serio, P De Simone, C T Dean, D Decamp, M Deckenhoff, L Del Buono, M Demmer, A Dendek, D Derkach, O Deschamps, F Dettori, B Dey, A Di Canto, H Dijkstra, F Dordei, M Dorigo, A Dosil Suárez, A Dovbnya, K Dreimanis, L Dufour, G Dujany, K Dungs, P Durante, R Dzhelyadin, A Dziurda, A Dzyuba, N Déléage, S Easo, M Ebert, U Egede, V Egorychev, S Eidelman, S Eisenhardt, U Eitschberger, R Ekelhof, L Eklund, S Ely, S Esen, H M Evans, T Evans, A Falabella, N Farley, S Farry, R Fay, D Fazzini, D Ferguson, G Fernandez, A Fernandez Prieto, F Ferrari, F Ferreira Rodrigues, M Ferro-Luzzi, S Filippov, R A Fini, M Fiore, M Fiorini, M Firlej, C Fitzpatrick, T Fiutowski, F Fleuret, K Fohl, M Fontana, F Fontanelli, D C Forshaw, R Forty, V Franco Lima, M Frank, C Frei, J Fu, W Funk, E Furfaro, C Färber, A Gallas Torreira, D Galli, S Gallorini, S Gambetta, M Gandelman, P Gandini, Y Gao, L M Garcia Martin, J García Pardiñas, J Garra Tico, L Garrido, P J Garsed, D Gascon, C Gaspar, L Gavardi, G Gazzoni, D Gerick, E Gersabeck, M Gersabeck, T Gershon, Ph Ghez, S Gianì, V Gibson, O G Girard, L Giubega, K Gizdov, V V Gligorov, D Golubkov, A Golutvin, A Gomes, I V Gorelov, C Gotti, E Govorkova, R Graciani Diaz, L A Granado Cardoso, E Graugés, E Graverini, G Graziani, A Grecu, R Greim, P Griffith, L Grillo, B R Gruberg Cazon, O Grünberg, E Gushchin, Yu Guz, T Gys, C Göbel, T Hadavizadeh, C Hadjivasiliou, G Haefeli, C Haen, S C Haines, B Hamilton, X Han, S Hansmann-Menzemer, N Harnew, S T Harnew, J Harrison, M Hatch, J He, T Head, A Heister, K Hennessy, P Henrard, L Henry, E van Herwijnen, M Heß, A Hicheur, D Hill, C Hombach, H Hopchev, W Hulsbergen, T Humair, M Hushchyn, D Hutchcroft, M Idzik, P Ilten, R Jacobsson, A Jaeger, J Jalocha, E Jans, A Jawahery, F Jiang, M John, D Johnson, C R Jones, C Joram, B Jost, N Jurik, S Kandybei, M Karacson, J M Kariuki, S Karodia, M Kecke, M Kelsey, M Kenzie, T Ketel, E Khairullin, B Khanji, C Khurewathanakul, T Kirn, S Klaver, K Klimaszewski, T Klimkovich, S Koliiev, M Kolpin, I Komarov, P Koppenburg, A Kosmyntseva, A Kozachuk, M Kozeiha, L Kravchuk, K Kreplin, M Kreps, P Krokovny, F Kruse, W Krzemien, W Kucewicz, M Kucharczyk, V Kudryavtsev, A K Kuonen, K Kurek, T Kvaratskheliya, D Lacarrere, G Lafferty, A Lai, G Lanfranchi, C Langenbruch, T Latham, C Lazzeroni, R Le Gac, J van Leerdam, A Leflat, J Lefrançois, R Lefèvre, F Lemaitre, E Lemos Cid, O Leroy, T Lesiak, B Leverington, T Li, Y Li, T Likhomanenko, R Lindner, C Linn, F Lionetto, X Liu, D Loh, I Longstaff, J H Lopes, D Lucchesi, M Lucio Martinez, H Luo, A Lupato, E Luppi, O Lupton, A Lusiani, X Lyu, F Machefert, F Maciuc, O Maev, K Maguire, S Malde, A Malinin, T Maltsev, G Manca, G Mancinelli, P Manning, J Maratas, J F Marchand, U Marconi, C Marin Benito, M Marinangeli, P Marino, J Marks, G Martellotti, M Martin, M Martinelli, D Martinez Santos, F Martinez Vidal, D Martins Tostes, L M Massacrier, A Massafferri, R Matev, A Mathad, Z Mathe, C Matteuzzi, A Mauri, E Maurice, B Maurin, A Mazurov, M McCann, A McNab, R McNulty, B Meadows, F Meier, M Meissner, D Melnychuk, M Merk, A Merli, E Michielin, D A Milanes, M-N Minard, D S Mitzel, A Mogini, J Molina Rodriguez, I A Monroy, S Monteil, M Morandin, P Morawski, A Mordà, M J Morello, O Morgunova, J Moron, A B Morris, R Mountain, F Muheim, M Mulder, M Mussini, D Müller, J Müller, K Müller, V Müller, P Naik, T Nakada, R Nandakumar, A Nandi, I Nasteva, M Needham, N Neri, S Neubert, N Neufeld, M Neuner, T D Nguyen, C Nguyen-Mau, S Nieswand, R Niet, N Nikitin, T Nikodem, A Nogay, A Novoselov, D P O'Hanlon, A Oblakowska-Mucha, V Obraztsov, S Ogilvy, O Okhrimenko, R Oldeman, C J G Onderwater, J M Otalora Goicochea, A Otto, P Owen, A Oyanguren, P R Pais, A Palano, M Palutan, A Papanestis, M Pappagallo, L L Pappalardo, W Parker, C Parkes, G Passaleva, A Pastore, G D Patel, M Patel, C Patrignani, A Pearce, A Pellegrino, G Penso, M Pepe Altarelli, S Perazzini, P Perret, L Pescatore, K Petridis, A Petrolini, A Petrov, M Petruzzo, E Picatoste Olloqui, B Pietrzyk, M Pikies, D Pinci, A Pistone, A Piucci, V Placinta, S Playfer, M Plo Casasus, T Poikela, F Polci, A Poluektov, I Polyakov, E Polycarpo, G J Pomery, S Ponce, A Popov, D Popov, B Popovici, S Poslavskii, C Potterat, E Price, J D Price, J Prisciandaro, A Pritchard, C Prouve, V Pugatch, A Puig Navarro, G Punzi, W Qian, R Quagliani, B Rachwal, J H Rademacker, M Rama, M Ramos Pernas, M S Rangel, I Raniuk, F Ratnikov, G Raven, F Redi, S Reichert, A C Dos Reis, C Remon Alepuz, V Renaudin, S Ricciardi, S Richards, M Rihl, K Rinnert, V Rives Molina, P Robbe, A B Rodrigues, E Rodrigues, J A Rodriguez Lopez, P Rodriguez Perez, A Rogozhnikov, S Roiser, A Rollings, V Romanovskiy, A Romero Vidal, J W Ronayne, M Rotondo, M S Rudolph, T Ruf, P Ruiz Valls, J J Saborido Silva, E Sadykhov, N Sagidova, B Saitta, V Salustino Guimaraes, D Sanchez Gonzalo, C Sanchez Mayordomo, B Sanmartin Sedes, R Santacesaria, C Santamarina Rios, M Santimaria, E Santovetti, A Sarti, C Satriano, A Satta, D M Saunders, D Savrina, S Schael, M Schellenberg, M Schiller, H Schindler, M Schlupp, M Schmelling, T Schmelzer, B Schmidt, O Schneider, A Schopper, H F Schreiner, K Schubert, M Schubiger, M-H Schune, R Schwemmer, B Sciascia, A Sciubba, A Semennikov, A Sergi, N Serra, J Serrano, L Sestini, P Seyfert, M Shapkin, I Shapoval, Y Shcheglov, T Shears, L Shekhtman, V Shevchenko, B G Siddi, R Silva Coutinho, L Silva de Oliveira, G Simi, S Simone, M Sirendi, N Skidmore, T Skwarnicki, E Smith, I T Smith, J Smith, M Smith, L Soares Lavra, M D Sokoloff, F J P Soler, B Souza De Paula, B Spaan, P Spradlin, S Sridharan, F Stagni, M Stahl, S Stahl, P Stefko, S Stefkova, O Steinkamp, S Stemmle, O Stenyakin, H Stevens, S Stevenson, S Stoica, S Stone, B Storaci, S Stracka, M E Stramaglia, M Straticiuc, U Straumann, L Sun, W Sutcliffe, K Swientek, V Syropoulos, M Szczekowski, T Szumlak, S T'Jampens, A Tayduganov, T Tekampe, G Tellarini, F Teubert, E Thomas, J van Tilburg, M J Tilley, V Tisserand, M Tobin, S Tolk, L Tomassetti, D Tonelli, S Topp-Joergensen, F Toriello, E Tournefier, S Tourneur, K Trabelsi, M Traill, M T Tran, M Tresch, A Trisovic, A Tsaregorodtsev, P Tsopelas, A Tully, N Tuning, A Ukleja, A Ustyuzhanin, U Uwer, C Vacca, V Vagnoni, A Valassi, S Valat, G Valenti, R Vazquez Gomez, P Vazquez Regueiro, S Vecchi, M van Veghel, J J Velthuis, M Veltri, G Veneziano, A Venkateswaran, M Vernet, M Vesterinen, J V Viana Barbosa, B Viaud, D Vieira, M Vieites Diaz, H Viemann, X Vilasis-Cardona, M Vitti, V Volkov, A Vollhardt, B Voneki, A Vorobyev, V Vorobyev, C Voß, J A de Vries, C Vázquez Sierra, R Waldi, C Wallace, R Wallace, J Walsh, J Wang, D R Ward, H M Wark, N K Watson, D Websdale, A Weiden, M Whitehead, J Wicht, G Wilkinson, M Wilkinson, M Williams, M P Williams, M Williams, T Williams, F F Wilson, J Wimberley, J Wishahi, W Wislicki, M Witek, G Wormser, S A Wotton, K Wraight, K Wyllie, Y Xie, Z Xing, Z Xu, Z Yang, Y Yao, H Yin, J Yu, X Yuan, O Yushchenko, K A Zarebski, M Zavertyaev, L Zhang, Y Zhang, Y Zhang, A Zhelezov, Y Zheng, X Zhu, V Zhukov, S Zucchelli
The production of J/ψ mesons in jets is studied in the forward region of proton-proton collisions using data collected with the LHCb detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The fraction of the jet transverse momentum carried by the J/ψ meson, z(J/ψ)≡p_{T}(J/ψ)/p_{T}(jet), is measured using jets with p_{T}(jet)>20  GeV in the pseudorapidity range 2.5<η(jet)<4.0. The observed z(J/ψ) distribution for J/ψ mesons produced in b-hadron decays is consistent with expectations. However, the results for prompt J/ψ production do not agree with predictions based on fixed-order nonrelativistic QCD...
May 12, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548097/scalable-focused-ion-beam-creation-of-nearly-lifetime-limited-single-quantum-emitters-in-diamond-nanostructures
#8
Tim Schröder, Matthew E Trusheim, Michael Walsh, Luozhou Li, Jiabao Zheng, Marco Schukraft, Alp Sipahigil, Ruffin E Evans, Denis D Sukachev, Christian T Nguyen, Jose L Pacheco, Ryan M Camacho, Edward S Bielejec, Mikhail D Lukin, Dirk Englund
The controlled creation of defect centre-nanocavity systems is one of the outstanding challenges for efficiently interfacing spin quantum memories with photons for photon-based entanglement operations in a quantum network. Here we demonstrate direct, maskless creation of atom-like single silicon vacancy (SiV) centres in diamond nanostructures via focused ion beam implantation with ∼32 nm lateral precision and <50 nm positioning accuracy relative to a nanocavity. We determine the Si+ ion to SiV centre conversion yield to be ∼2...
May 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547119/systematic-review-of-meditation-based-interventions-for-children-with-adhd
#9
REVIEW
Subhadra Evans, Mathew Ling, Briony Hill, Nicole Rinehart, David Austin, Emma Sciberras
Meditation-based interventions such as mindfulness and yoga are commonly practiced in the general community to improve mental and physical health. Parents, teachers and healthcare providers are also increasingly using such interventions with children. This review examines the use of meditation-based interventions in the treatment of children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Electronic databases searched included PsycINFO, Medline, CINAHL, and AMED. Inclusion criteria involved children (aged to 18 years) diagnosed with ADHD, delivery of a meditation-based intervention to children and/or parents, and publication in a peer-reviewed journal...
May 25, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546332/establishing-177-lu-psma-617-radioligand-therapy-in-a-syngeneic-model-of-murine-prostate-cancer
#10
Wolfgang P Fendler, Andreea D Stuparu, Susan Evans-Axelsson, Katharina Lückerath, Liu Wei, Woosuk Kim, Soumya Poddar, Jonathan Said, Caius G Radu, Matthias Eiber, Johannes Czernin, Roger Slavik, Ken Herrmann
Clinical (177)Lu-PSMA-617 radioligand therapy (RLT) is applied in advanced stage prostate cancer. However, to the best of our knowledge murine models to study the biological effects of various activity levels have not been established. AIM: To optimize specific and total activity for (177)Lu-PSMA-617 RLT in a syngeneic model of murine prostate cancer. Methods: 0.1x106 murine reconstituted, oncogene-driven prostate cancer cells (RM1), transduced to express human prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), were injected into the left flank of C57Bl6 immunocompetent mice...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545492/non-participants-in-policy-efforts-to-promote-evidence-based-practices-in-a-large-behavioral-health-system
#11
Rebecca E Stewart, Danielle R Adams, David S Mandell, Gayatri Nangia, Lauren Shaffer, Arthur C Evans, Ronnie Rubin, Shawna Weaver, Trevor R Hadley, Rinad S Beidas
BACKGROUND: System-wide training initiatives to support and implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) in behavioral health systems have become increasingly widespread. Understanding more about organizations who do not participate in EBP training initiatives is a critical piece of the dissemination and implementation puzzle if we endeavor to increase access in community settings. METHODS: We conducted 30 1-h semi-structured interviews with leaders in non-participating agencies who did not formally participate in system-wide training initiatives to implement EBPs in the City of Philadelphia, with the goal to understand why they did not participate...
May 25, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545389/structural-insight-into-the-inactivation-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-non-classical-transpeptidase-ldtmt2-by-biapenem-and-tebipenem
#12
Mario A Bianchet, Ying H Pan, Leighanne A Brammer Basta, Harry Saavedra, Evan P Lloyd, Pankaj Kumar, Rohini Mattoo, Craig A Townsend, Gyanu Lamichhane
BACKGROUND: The carbapenem subclass of β-lactams is among the most potent antibiotics available today. Emerging evidence shows that, unlike other subclasses of β-lactams, carbapenems bind to and inhibit non-classical transpeptidases (L,D-transpeptidases) that generate 3 → 3 linkages in bacterial peptidoglycan. The carbapenems biapenem and tebipenem exhibit therapeutically valuable potencies against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). RESULTS: Here, we report the X-ray crystal structures of Mtb L,D-transpeptidase-2 (LdtMt2) complexed with biapenem or tebipenem...
May 25, 2017: BMC Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545147/chromosome-divergence-during-evolution-of-the-tetraploid-clawed-frogs-xenopus-mellotropicalis-and-xenopus-epitropicalis-as-revealed-by-zoo-fish
#13
Martin Knytl, Ondřej Smolík, Svatava Kubíčková, Tereza Tlapáková, Ben J Evans, Vladimír Krylov
Whole genome duplication (WGD) generates new species and genomic redundancy. In African clawed frogs of the genus Xenopus, this phenomenon has been especially important in that (i) all but one extant species are polyploid and (ii) whole genome sequences of some species provide an evidence for genomic rearrangements prior to or after WGD. Within Xenopus in the subgenus Silurana, at least one allotetraploidization event gave rise to three extant tetraploid (2n = 4x = 40) species-Xenopus mellotropicalis, X. epitropicalis, and X...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544165/a-designed-approach-to-enantiodivergent-enamine-catalysis
#14
Mathew Vetticatt, Juliet Macharia, Victor Wambua, Yun Hong, Lawrence Harris, Jennifer S Hirschi, Gary B Evans
The rational design and implementation of enantiodivergent enamine catalysis is reported. A simple secondary amine catalyst, 2-methyl-L-proline, and its tetrabutylammonium salt function as an enantiodivergent catalyst pair delivering opposite enantiomers of α-functionalized aldehyde products in excellent enantioselectivities. This novel concept of 'designed enantiodivergence' is applied to the enantioselective α-amination, aldol and α-aminoxylation/α-hydroxyamination reactions of aldehydes.
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544037/using-experience-based-co-design-for-the-development-of-physical-activity-provision-in-non-acute-rehabilitation-and-recovery-mental-health-care
#15
Evan Matthews, Mary Cowman, Suzanne Denieffe
Despite advances in recovery focused mental health care, people with severe mental illness (SMI) experience multiple physical comorbidity compounded by unhealthy lifestyle behaviours including low levels of physical activity (Vancampfort et al. 2017; Walker et al. 2015). Responding to this, international policy is moving to include physical activity as part of fundamental care for people with severe mental illness (Pratt et al. 2016; Richardson et al. 2005). Incorporation of physical activity into mental health service provision should adopt an approach that is in keeping with best practice, recovery orientated guidelines of mental health service provision, with particular consideration shown to incorporating service users as partners in care plan development and delivery (Department of Health, 2001; Department of Health and Children, 2006)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543944/anterior-cingulate-cortex-supports-effort-allocation-toward-a-qualitatively-preferred-option
#16
Evan E Hart, Julian O Gerson, Yael Zoken, Marisella Garcia, Alicia Izquierdo
The anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is known to be involved in effortful choice, yet its role in cost-benefit evaluation of qualitatively different rewards (more/less preferred), beyond magnitude differences (larger/smaller), is poorly understood. Selecting between qualitatively different options is a decision type commonly faced by humans. Here we assessed the role of ACC on a task that has primarily been used to probe striatal function in motivation. Rats were trained to stable performance on a progressive ratio schedule for sucrose pellets and were then given sham surgeries (control) or excitotoxic NMDA-lesions of ACC...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543440/chronic-sleep-restriction-disrupts-interendothelial-junctions-in-the-hippocampus-and-increases-blood-brain-barrier-permeability
#17
G Hurtado-Alvarado, J Velázquez-Moctezuma, B Gómez-González
Chronic sleep loss in the rat increases blood-brain barrier permeability to Evans blue and FITC-dextrans in almost the whole brain and sleep recovery during short periods restores normal blood-brain barrier permeability. Sleep loss increases vesicle density in hippocampal endothelial cells and decreases tight junction protein expression. However, at the ultrastructural level the effect of chronic sleep loss on interendothelial junctions is unknown. In this study we characterised the ultrastructure of interendothelial junctions in the hippocampus, the expression of tight junction proteins, and quantified blood-brain barrier permeability to fluorescein-sodium after chronic sleep restriction...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543407/assessing-bipolar-disorder-in-the-older-adult-the-geri-bd-toolbox
#18
Patricia Marino, Herbert C Schulberg, Ariel G Gildengers, Benoit H Mulsant, Martha Sajatovic, Laszlo Gyulai, Rayan K Aljurdi, Laurie Davan Evans, Samprit Banerjee, Ruben C Gur, Robert C Young
INTRODUCTION: The evidence base regarding characteristics of older adults with bipolar disorder (BD) remains limited. The NIH-funded multicenter study Acute Pharmacotherapy of Late-Life Mania (GERI-BD) assessed various clinical domains before and during mood stabilizer treatment in older adults participating in a 9-week, double-blind randomized controlled trial. We describe the rationale for selecting these instruments. METHODS: Domains and instruments were selected on the basis of the study design and the participants...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543392/mechanical-analysis-of-the-vascularized-fibular-graft-prosthetic-composite-vfgpc-for-internal-hemipelvectomy-reconstruction
#19
Jonathan Morris, Rui Yang, Michael Roth, Jonathan Gill, Richard Gorlick, Yungtai Lo, Bang H Hoang, Evan Garfein, David S Geller
INTRODUCTION: The vascularized fibular graft prosthetic composite (VFGPC) is used for reconstruction after internal hemipelvectomy. The purpose of this study was to create a mathematical model that calculates the mechanical effects of the vascularized fibular graft on the VFGPC. METHODS: The effects of the VFG positioning were calculated based on three-dimensional static analyzes to determine the direction, magnitude, and distribution of the forces through the prosthesis and VFG...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542917/characterizing-the-performance-of-pipe-bombs
#20
Jimmie C Oxley, James L Smith, Evan T Bernier, Fredrick Sandstrom, Gregory G Weiss, Gunther W Recht, David Schatzer
Pipe bombs of steel or PVC fragment in reproducible patterns when similarly configured. The power of the explosion correlates with number, mass, and size of the fragments recovered, where a large number of small, low-mass fragments indicate a high-power event and vice versa. In discussing performance, describing pipe fragmentation pattern by fragment weight distribution mapping (FWDM) or fragment surface area distribution mapping (FSADM) was useful. When fillers detonated, detonation velocities of ~4.4 mm/μs were measured...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
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