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prevention pressure ulcers

Melanie Lumbers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Nico E Knibbe, Elien Zwaenepoel, Hanneke Jj Knibbe, Dimitri Beeckman
The Danish automated Vendlet V5s repositioning system is intended to reduce pressure ulcer risk in patients and work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in caregivers. In two Belgian nursing homes, 13 residents with mobility levels C, D and E experienced the repositioning system, operated by 35 caregivers, for 4 weeks. Data about skin condition, nursing time needed for repositioning and MSD symptoms were collected. The use of the repositioning system was not associated with the development of nor a reduction in skin problems; the study included residents who were vulnerable to or already had pressure ulcers...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Bastiaan Van Grootven, Lynn McNicoll, Daniel A Mendelson, Susan M Friedman, Katleen Fagard, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing, Mieke Deschodt
OBJECTIVE: To find consensus on appropriate and feasible structure, process and outcome indicators for the evaluation of in-hospital geriatric co-management programmes. DESIGN: An international two-round Delphi study based on a systematic literature review (searching databases, reference lists, prospective citations and trial registers). SETTING: Western Europe and the USA. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three people with at least 2 years of clinical experience in geriatric co-management were recruited...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
Marco Artico, Daniela D'Angelo, Michela Piredda, Tommasangelo Petitti, Luciano Lamarca, Maria Grazia de Marinis, Angelo Dante, Maura Lusignani, Maria Matarese
CONTEXT: Patients with advanced illnesses show the highest prevalence for pressure ulcers. In the palliative care setting the ultimate goal is injury healing, but equally important is wound maintenance, wound palliation (wound-related pain and symptom management), and primary and secondary wound prevention. OBJECTIVES: To describe the course of healing for pressure ulcers in a home palliative care setting according to different end-points, and to explore patient and caregiver characteristics and specific care activities associated with their achievement...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Angela D Rowe, Karen McCarty, Amy Huett
PURPOSE: A large, freestanding pediatric hospital in the southern United States saw a 117% increase in reported hospital acquired pressure injuries (HAPI) between 2013 and 2015, with the intensive care units being the units of highest occurrence. Design and Methods A quality improvement project was designed and implemented to assist with pressure injury prevention. Literature review confirmed that pediatric HAPIs are a challenge and that usage of bundles and user-friendly guidelines/pathways can help eliminate barriers to prevention...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Kevin Woo
Maintaining skin integrity is espoused by several international authorities as a benchmark for patient safety and quality of care. National guidelines advocate the use of prophylactic multi-layer foam dressings over bony prominences for the prevention of pressure ulcers or injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of best practice guidelines including the use of multi-layer foam dressings for the prevention of pressure injuries. The analysis involved data from a total number of 62 unique patients...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Martine Barateau, Yvonne Gautier
The occurrence of a pressure ulcer can be considered as an avoidable adverse event. Its consequences are not only very harmful for the patient, but also in terms of the costs induced and for the nursing teams faced with the failure of the prevention treatment. For these reasons, nurses, nurse assistants and the multidisciplinary team must work together around a pressure ulcer prevention strategy.
March 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
Marek Kawecki, Jarosław Pasek, Grzegorz Cieślar, Aleksander Sieroń, Grzegorz Knefel, Mariusz Nowak, Justyna Glik
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus in adults. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to conduct a planimetry evaluation of the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the treatment of patients with vascular disorders caused by diabetic foot. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 94 patients, 30 females (32%) and 64 males (68%), aged 33-76 years, with diabetes lasting 1.5-32 years, who underwent HBOT due to diabetic foot...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Daniel Podd
Pressure injuries (previously called pressure ulcers) are a common finding among patients in acute, long-term, or home settings. Numerous pathophysiologic and risk mechanisms factor into the development of pressure injuries. The timely recognition of these injuries is imperative. Many treatments exist for pressure injuries but the focus of patient management should be on preventing injury-related complications.
March 6, 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Jawad Chishtie, Farrukh Chishtie, Karen Yoshida, Robert Balogh
BACKGROUND: The 2005 South Asian earthquake led to large-scale injuries and disabilities in northern Pakistan, which were dealt with using various approaches. In this regard, a community-based rehabilitation approach was initiated in the Muzaffarabad district of Pakistan in early 2006, focused on preventing complications among persons with Spinal Cord Injury. This case study briefly describes its development, aims and service provision components, in addition to the distribution of injuries from the disaster...
March 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Yonglai Zhang, Rui Sha, Kaiguo Wang, Hao Li, Bo Yan, Naibao Zhou
Tetrahydropalmatine exerts numerous pharmacological activities, including analgesic and narcotic effects; anti-arrhythmic, blood pressure lowering and cardioprotective effects; protective effects against cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury; inhibition of platelet aggregation; prevention of ulcerative diseases and inhibition of gastric acid secretion; antitumor effects; and beneficial effects on the withdrawal symptoms associated with drug addiction. The present study aimed to investigate the protective effects of tetrahydropalmatine against ketamine‑induced learning and memory impairment in mice...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Muhammad Asif Rasheed, Ali Kashif, Aneeqa Naz, Sikandar Ali
Toothbrush is a rare foreign body to be ingested accidentally. The unusual shape of the toothbrush with no theoretical possibility of spontaneous passage mandates an interventional approach. If left untreated, it can lead to pressure necrosis, bleeding, perforation and ulceration. An endoscopic attempt in an expert clinic if available is the ideal approach. If failed, surgical management by laparoscope or mini laparotomy should be done. The evaluation for underlying psychiatric disorders like bulimia, schizophrenia or generalized eating disorder should be considered to prevent such recurrence...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Brecht Serraes, Martin van Leen, Jos Schols, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dimitri Beeckman
The aims of this study were to identify, assess, and summarise available evidence about the effectiveness of static air mattress overlays to prevent pressure ulcers. The primary outcome was the incidence of pressure ulcers. Secondary outcomes included costs and patient comfort. This study was a systematic review. Six electronic databases were consulted: Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed (Medline), CINAHL (EBSCOhost interface), Science direct, and Web of Science. In addition, a hand search through reviews, conference proceedings, and the reference lists of the included studies was performed to identify additional studies...
March 5, 2018: International Wound Journal
Raymond Cavaliere, Danielle M Mercado, Malary Mani
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been commonly reported by foot and ankle specialists. Marjolin's ulcer is a malignancy that involves a posttraumatic scar or ulceration that can develop into SCC from chronic neuropathic pedal wounds, venous stasis, or decubitus ulcerations. Most Marjolin's ulcers are found in the lower extremity, specifically the feet, and it is twice as common in females as males. Biopsy of the tumor is the reference standard to diagnose SCC, and wide excision of SCC is the most common treatment option...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bjorn T Tam, Angus P Yu, Eric W Tam, Douglas A Monks, Xu P Wang, Xiao M Pei, Su P Koh, Thomas K Sin, Helen K W Law, Felix N Ugwu, Rashmi Supriya, Benjamin Y Yung, Shea P Yip, S C Wong, Lawrence W Chan, Christopher W Lai, Pin Ouyang, Parco M Siu
Pressure-induced injury (PI), such as a pressure ulcer, in patients with limited mobility is a healthcare issue worldwide. PI is an injury to skin and its underlying tissue such as skeletal muscle. Muscle compression, composed of mechanical deformation of muscle and external load, leads to localized ischemia and subsequent unloading reperfusion and, hence, a pressure ulcer in bed-bound patients. Although the gross factors involved in PI have been identified, little is known about the exact disease mechanism or its links to apoptosis, autophagy and inflammation...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hong-Lin Chen, Bin Zhu, Rong Wei, Zhen-Yu Zhou
Patients with a hip fracture are at high risk for pressure injury. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of consecutive patients with a hip fracture treated in 2016 in a single tertiary hospital in east China were examined to investigate whether time of year affected the incidence of hospital-acquired pressure injury. Data collected included demographic characteristics (patient name, hospital number, age, gender, and body mass index); possible risk factors for pressure injury, such as presence of diabetes mellitus, admission hemoglobin, admission albumin, length of surgery, and the lowest and/or last Braden Scale score before pressure injury developed; and pressure injury information, which included time of occurrence (days after surgery), location (sacrum and coccyx, ischial tuberosity, or heel), stage, and treatment outcome...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Anna Polak, Cezary Kucio, Luther C Kloth, Malgorzata Paczula, Ewa Hordynska, Tomasz Ickowicz, Edward Blaszczak, Ewa Kucio, Krystian Oleszczyk, Krzysztof Ficek, Andrzej Franek
The use of electrical stimulation (ES) should be considered for treating nonhealing pressure ulcers (PUs), but optimal ES wound treatment protocols have yet to be established. A randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cathodal and anodal high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC) on periwound skin blood flow (PSBF) and size reduction of Stage 2 to Stage 4 PUs of at least 4 weeks' duration. Persons >18 years of age, hospitalized with neurological injuries, at high risk for PU development (Norton scale <14 points; Waterlow scale >15 points), and with at least 1 Stage 2 to Stage 4 PU were eligible to participate in the study...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Elena Espejo, Marta Andrés, Rosa-Maria Borrallo, Emma Padilla, Enric Garcia-Restoy, Feliu Bella
The objective of this study is to evaluate the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremia associated with pressure ulcers (BAPU) and factors associated with mortality. This study was a prospective observational cohort study of patients with BAPU at a teaching hospital between January 1984 and December 2015. Fifty-six episodes were included. The incidence of BAPU decreased from 2.78 cases per 10,000 hospital discharges in the period from 1984 to 1999 to 1.05 cases per 10,000 hospital discharges in the period from 2000 to 2015 (p < 0...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Monica Matos, Romeu Mendes, André B Silva, Nelson Sousa
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot is one of the most common complications of diabetes. It has the potential risk of pathologic consequences including infection, ulceration and amputation, but a growing body of evidence suggests that physical activity and exercise may improve diabetic foot outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To analyze de effects of exercise and physical activity interventions on diabetic foot outcomes. METHODS: A comprehensive and systematic search was conducted according to PRISMA recommendations...
February 22, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Chunhu Shi, Jo C Dumville, Nicky Cullum
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a prevalent and global issue and support surfaces are widely used for preventing ulceration. However, the diversity of available support surfaces and the lack of direct comparisons in RCTs make decision-making difficult. OBJECTIVES: To determine, using network meta-analysis, the relative effects of different support surfaces in reducing pressure ulcer incidence and comfort and to rank these support surfaces in order of their effectiveness...
2018: PloS One
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