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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820647/acute-fatigue-negatively-affects-risk-factors-for-injury-in-trained-but-not-well-trained-habitually-shod-runners-when-running-barefoot
#1
Nicholas Tam, Devon R Coetzee, Safwaan Ahmed, Robert P Lamberts, Yumna Albertus-Kajee, Ross Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Many factors may contribute to running-related injury. These include fatigue and footwear, the combination of which has rarely been studied, in particular with reference to barefoot running, recently advocated as a method to reduce injury risk. METHODS: Twenty-two runners (12 well-trained and 10 trained) participated in a 10 km fatiguing trial. Knee and ankle joint kinematics and kinetics and electromyography were assessed during overground running in the barefoot and shod condition...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819592/insufficiency-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia-and-fibula-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#2
Ryu Kojima, Toshiki Miura, Eisei Fukatani
INTRODUCTION: Although periprosthetic fractures of the femur have been well documented, insufficiency fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been rarely described. We report a case of an insufficiency fracture in the distal tibia and fibula that occurred after THA. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with severe pain in the bilateral hip joints and was diagnosed with end-stage osteoarthritis. She underwent THA on the right side. Although the postoperative course was uneventful, she suddenly experienced severe pain and swelling in the right leg without any history of trauma 22 weeks after the surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818476/complex-anatomic-abnormalities-of-the-lower-leg-muscles-and-tendons-associated-with-phocomelia-a-case-report
#3
Thomas Hodo, Mark Hamrick, Yulia Melenevsky
Musculoskeletal anatomy is widely known to have components that stray from the norm in the form of variant muscle and tendon presence, absence, origin, insertion, and bifurcation. Although these variant muscles and tendons might be deemed incidental and insignificant findings by most, they can be important contributors to pathologic physiology or, more importantly, an option for effective treatment. In the present case report, we describe a patient with phocomelia and Müllerian abnormalities secondary to in utero thalidomide exposure...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814430/the-2017-eular-standardised-procedures-for-ultrasound-imaging-in-rheumatology
#4
Ingrid Möller, Iustina Janta, Marina Backhaus, Sarah Ohrndorf, David A Bong, Carlo Martinoli, Emilio Filippucci, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Lene Terslev, Nemanja Damjanov, Hilde Berner Hammer, Iwona Sudol-Szopinska, Walter Grassi, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Diana Hollander, Heidi J Siddle, Gabriela Supp, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Annamaria Iagnocco, Juhani Koski, David Kane, Daniela Fodor, Alessandra Bruns, Peter Mandl, Gurjit S Kaeley, Mihaela Micu, Carmen Ho, Violeta Vlad, Mario Chávez-López, Georgios Filippou, Carmen Elena Cerón, Rodina Nestorova, Maritza Quintero, Richard Wakefield, Loreto Carmona, Esperanza Naredo
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the European League Against Rheumatism developed and disseminated the first guidelines for musculoskeletal (MS) ultrasound (US) in rheumatology. Fifteen years later, the dramatic expansion of new data on MSUS in the literature coupled with technological developments in US imaging has necessitated an update of these guidelines. OBJECTIVES: To update the existing MSUS guidelines in rheumatology as well as to extend their scope to other anatomic structures relevant for rheumatology...
August 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814379/are-routine-radiographs-needed-the-day-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-surgery-for-distal-radius-and-ankle-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Florian Oehme, Annika Rühle, Julia Mühlhäusser, Lana Fourie, Björn-Christian Link, Reto Babst, Frank Jp Beeres
BACKGROUND: Distal radius and ankle fractures are one of the most common operatively treated fractures. To date, there is no consensus concerning the need for a standard postoperative radiograph. This leads to undesirable practice variations. A standardized radiograph in the department of radiology would theoretically be more reproducible and operator independent than an intraoperatively obtained fluoroscopic image. However, if adequate intraoperative radiographs have been obtained, it is questionable if these postoperative radiographs are necessary and will lead to changes in the treatment strategy...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812039/three-dimensional-biomechanical-analysis-of-rearfoot-and-forefoot-running
#6
Sebastian Knorz, Felix Kluge, Kolja Gelse, Stefan Schulz-Drost, Thilo Hotfiel, Matthias Lochmann, Björn Eskofier, Sebastian Krinner
BACKGROUND: In the running community, a forefoot strike (FFS) pattern is increasingly preferred compared with a rearfoot strike (RFS) pattern. However, it has not been fully understood which strike pattern may better reduce adverse joint forces within the different joints of the lower extremity. PURPOSE: To analyze the 3-dimensional (3D) stress pattern in the ankle, knee, and hip joint in runners with either a FFS or RFS pattern. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806248/bone-spect-ct-localizes-increased-bone-metabolism-and-subsequent-bone-resorption-in-reflex-sympathetic-dystrophy
#7
Hidetoshi Narimatsu, Tadaki Nakahara, Sayuri Kodama, Hiromi Hisazumi, Shinichi Tominaga, Kiyoshi Ohkuma, Masahiro Jinzaki
A 64-year-old man with lung cancer with a history of revascularization of the occluded right femoral artery underwent bone scintigraphy, which showed intense uptake in the distal side of the right leg. The additional SPECT/CT clarified that the uptake was predominantly increased in the epiphyses of the right ankle and foot with possible osteopenia. One month later, follow-up SPECT/CT showed the manifestation of periosteal resorption in the hypermetabolic sites with slight decrease in bone metabolism. Radiological correlation between bone metabolism and subsequent bone resorption in addition to clinical symptoms in this patient suggested the diagnosis of reflex sympathetic dystrophy...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799095/assessment-of-hindfoot-alignment-using-mri-and-standing-hindfoot-alignment-radiographs-saltzman-view
#8
Nydia Büber, Marco Zanetti, Arno Frigg, Nadja Saupe
OBJECTIVE: To compare the hindfoot alignment measured on standing HAV radiographs (Saltzman view) and on non-weight-bearing coronal MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The apparent moment arm was measured on weight-bearing conventional radiographs (Saltzman views) and on MRIs of the ankle in 50 consecutive patients (mean age, 54 years; age range, 18-77 years). The evaluation was performed independently by three readers using analogous reference points for both methods...
August 10, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797897/ultrasonographic-quantification-of-architectural-response-in-tibialis-anterior-to-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation
#9
Emilie Simoneau-Buessinger, Sébastien Leteneur, Alix Bisman, François Gabrielli, Jennifer Jakobi
While muscle contraction in voluntary efforts has been widely investigated, little is known about contraction during neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). The aim of this study was to quantify in vivo muscle architecture of agonist and antagonist muscles at the ankle joint during NMES. Muscle fascicle lengths and pennation angles of the tibialis anterior (TA) and lateral gastrocnemius muscles were assessed via ultrasonography in 8 healthy young males. Measures were obtained during maximal NMES and torque-matched voluntary dorsiflexion contractions...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790476/surgical-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#10
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Calcaneum is the most commonly fractured tarsal bone. The optimal treatment for displaced calcaneus fractures involving the posterior facet is surgical. The extensile lateral approach is commonly preferred because it provides sufficient exposure of the subtalar facet. However, this technique has the risk of complications such as wound necrosis and sural nerve injury. Various minimally invasive approaches, such as sinus tarsi approach, limited posterior approach, and percutaneous approach, have been introduced to reduce possible complications...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780841/-mri-anatomy-and-injury-of-the-lateral-collateral-ligaments-of-ankle
#11
Z H Qian, Y Liu, R J Bai, H L Zhan, H Zhang, Y X Li, B D Wu
Objective: To explore the MRI features of the lateral collateral ligament injuries of the ankle and determine the value MRI in diagnosing the ligament injuries of the ankle. Methods: The study was reviewed and approved by an institutional review board of hospital. Retrospective analysised 10 healthy volunteers and 26 ankle injury cases underwent surgery since January 2013 to September 2016, the MR imaging findings of patients were compared with volunteers' and operative documents, to analysis the MRI feature of the ligament injuries of the ankle...
August 1, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780197/clinical-and-radiological-predictors-for-persistent-complaints-five-years-after-a-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-long-term-follow-up-study-in-primary-care
#12
Adinda K E Mailuhu, Edwin H G Oei, Nienke van Putte-Katier, John M van Ochten, Patrick J E Bindels, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Marienke van Middelkoop
OBJECTIVES: To examine the five-year prognosis and potential prognostic factors of patients with an acute lateral ankle sprain in primary care setting. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: 206 patients who participated in a cross-sectional study and visited their general practitioner with an acute lateral ankle sprain 6-12 months prior to inclusion were approached for a 5-year follow-up measurement consisting of an online questionnaire. At baseline patients completed standardized questionnaires, underwent a standardized physical examination and radiological examination (radiography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging) and scored their perceived recovery...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774468/knee-joint-kinematics-and-kinetics-during-the-hop-and-cut-after-soft-tissue-artifact-suppression-time-to-reconsider-acl-injury-mechanisms
#13
Kenneth B Smale, Brigitte M Potvin, Mohammad S Shourijeh, Daniel L Benoit
The recent development of a soft tissue artifact (STA) suppression method allows us to re-evaluate the tibiofemoral kinematics currently linked to non-contact knee injuries. The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate knee joint kinematics and kinetics in six degrees of freedom (DoF) during the loading phases of a jump lunge and side cut using this in silico method. Thirty-five healthy adults completed these movements and their surface marker trajectories were then scaled and processed with OpenSim's inverse kinematics (IK) and inverse dynamics tools...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770007/cross-sectional-associations-between-variations-in-ankle-shape-by-statistical-shape-modeling-injury-history-and-race-the-johnston-county-osteoarthritis-project
#14
Amanda E Nelson, Yvonne M Golightly, Shahmeer Lateef, Jordan B Renner, Joanne M Jordan, Richard M Aspden, Howard Hillstrom, Jennifer S Gregory
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), a highly prevalent and disabling joint disease. Joint shape is linked to OA, but the interplay of injury and joint shape and their combined role in OA, particularly at the ankle, is not well known. Therefore, we explored cross-sectional associations between ankle shape and injury in a large community-based cohort. METHODS: Ankles without radiographic OA were selected from the current data collection of the Johnston County OA Project...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765981/-anatomic-stabilization-of-chronic-lateral-instability-of-the-ankle-gold-technique
#15
REVIEW
T Diermeier, B Scheiderer, L Lacheta, A B Imhoff
OBJECTIVES: Anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex in the ankle. INDICATIONS: Chronic lateral ankle instability. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Severe osteoarthritis, obesity, hindfoot varus, general contraindications (infection, circulatory disorders, diabetic foot syndrome). SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Anatomical V‑shaped reconstruction of the lateral ligament complex with half of the peroneus brevis tendon and additional retinaculum stabilization...
August 1, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765054/validity-and-reliability-of-turkish-version-of-olerud-molander-ankle-score-in-patients-with-malleolar-fracture
#16
Nihal Büker, Raziye Şavkın, Oğuzhan Gökalp, Nusret Ök
The present study was planned to translate and culturally adapt the Olerud-Molander Ankle Score (OMAS) and assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish translation of the OMAS in patients with surgically treated malleolar fracture. The OMAS was adapted for use in Turkish by first translating it and then back-translating it in accordance with published guidelines. The final Turkish version of the OMAS was administered to 91 patients participating in the present study. The OMAS questionnaire was repeated 7 days later to assess test-retest reliability...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761771/lateral-subtalar-dislocation-with-tarsometatarsal-dislocation-a-case-report-of-a-rare-injury
#17
Samik Banerjee, Mostafa M Abousayed, Douglas J Vanderbrook, Kaushik Bagchi
Dislocation of the fourth and fifth tarsometatarsal joints in conjunction with lateral subtalar dislocation is a rare occurrence. Little is known about the mechanism of injury, the appropriate treatment for this condition, and its ultimate prognosis. In this report, we describe this atypical presentation in a middle aged, otherwise healthy male who sustained a trivial twisting injury to the ankle when he slipped and fell on ice. Open reduction and K-wire fixation were necessary to affix the lateral tarsometatarsal and talonavicular joints...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759316/conservative-management-for-stable-high-ankle-injuries-in-professional-football-players
#18
Derrick M Knapik, Anthony Trem, Joseph Sheehan, Michael J Salata, James E Voos
CONTEXT: High ankle "syndesmosis" injuries are common in American football players relative to the general population. At the professional level, syndesmotic sprains represent a challenging and unique injury lacking a standardized rehabilitation protocol during conservative management. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Biosis Preview, SPORTDiscus, PEDro, and EMBASE databases were searched using the terms syndesmotic injuries, American football, conservative management, and rehabilitation...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751531/the-preventive-effect-of-a-soccer-specific-ankle-brace-on-acute-lateral-ankle-sprains-in-girls-amateur-soccer-players-study-protocol-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Karin Thijs, Bionka Huisstede, Edwin Goedhart, Frank Backx
BACKGROUND: Acute lateral ankle sprains are the single most often diagnosed injury in female soccer players and often result in an inability to play. This highlights the need for effective prevention strategies. Proprioceptive training and/or the use of an external support to decrease inversion of the ankle joint can prevent or reduce the number of acute lateral ankle sprains. The effectiveness of a soccer-specific ankle brace in reducing first-time and recurrent acute lateral ankle sprains has never been investigated in girl soccer players...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745068/arthroscopic-capsular-shrinkage-for-treatment-of-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#20
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Jasper S de Vries, Rover Krips, Leendert Blankevoort, Alex W F M Fievez, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Capsular shrinkage is an arthroscopic stabilization technique that can be used in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI), if desired in addition to primary arthroscopic procedures. Despite positive short-term results, long-term follow-up of these patients has not yet been performed. Therefore, our objective was to assess whether capsular shrinkage still provided functional outcome after 12-14 years compared to preoperative scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective long-term follow-up of a prospectively conducted longitudinal multicenter trial...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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