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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780841/correlation-between-quality-of-evidence-and-number-of-citations-in-top-50-cited-articles-on-elbow-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Hannah A Morehouse, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
Background: Several studies have analyzed the most cited articles in shoulder, elbow, pediatrics, and foot and ankle surgery. However, no study has analyzed the quality of the most cited articles in elbow medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) surgery. Purpose: To (1) identify the top 50 most cited articles related to UCL surgery, (2) determine whether there was a correlation between the top cited articles and level of evidence, and (3) determine whether there was a correlation between study methodological quality and the top cited articles...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778980/the-influence-of-early-or-delayed-provision-of-ankle-foot-orthoses-on-pelvis-hip-and-knee-kinematics-in-patients-with-sub-acute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Corien D M Nikamp, Job van der Palen, Hermie J Hermens, Johan S Rietman, Jaap H Buurke
BACKGROUND: Compensatory pelvis, hip- and knee movements are reported after stroke to overcome insufficient foot-clearance. Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are often used to improve foot-clearance, but the optimal timing of AFO-provision post-stroke is unknown. Early AFO-provision to prevent foot-drop might decrease the development of compensatory movements, but it is unknown whether timing of AFO-provision affects post-stroke kinematics. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: 1) To compare the effect of AFO-provision at two different points in time (early versus delayed) on frontal pelvis and hip, and sagittal hip and knee kinematics in patients with sub-acute stroke...
May 16, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767272/the-esska-afas-international-consensus-statement-on-peroneal-tendon-pathologies
#3
REVIEW
Pim A van Dijk, David Miller, James Calder, Christopher W DiGiovanni, John G Kennedy, Gino M Kerkhoffs, Akos Kynsburtg, Daniel Havercamp, Stephane Guillo, Xavier M Oliva, Chris J Pearce, Helder Pereira, Pietro Spennacchio, Joanna M Stephen, C Niek van Dijk
INTRODUCTION: Peroneal tendon injuries are a significant cause of lateral ankle symptoms in the active population. Accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment is important for minimizing the risk of long-term sequelae associated with chronic peroneal tendinopathy. Although several studies have been published on diagnostic strategies and treatment outcomes, there is no consensus on the optimal management of peroneal tendon pathologies. PURPOSE: The purpose of this ESSKA-AFAS consensus statement was to conduct an international and multidisciplinary agreed guideline on management of patients with peroneal tendon pathologies...
May 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766741/simultaneous-intraoperative-measurement-of-cadaver-ankle-and-subtalar-joint-compression-during-arthrodesis-with-intramedullary-nail-screws-and-tibiotalocalcaneal-plate
#4
Kamran S Hamid, Richard R Glisson, Joel G Morash, Andrew P Matson, James K DeOrio
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis (TTCA) fusion rates may result from inadequate compression that increases motion and interferes with bony bridging. The aim of this study was to evaluate compressive forces at the ankle and subtalar joints with 3 contemporary TTCA constructs. METHODS: Thirty fresh-frozen cadaveric lower extremity specimens were divided into 3 groups of 10 each: 3 partially threaded cannulated screws, hindfoot nail, and lateral plate...
May 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765882/relationship-between-functional-level-and-muscle-thickness-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Yeo Reum Choe, Joo Sup Kim, Kee Hoon Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate the relationship between functional level and muscle thickness (MT) of the rectus femoris (RF) and the gastrocnemius (GCM) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: The study participants were comprised of 26 children (50 legs) with spastic CP, aged 3-6 years, and 25 age-matched children with typical development (TD, 50 legs). The MT of the RF, medial GCM, and lateral GCM was measured with ultrasound imaging. The functional level was evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and based on the mobility area of the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI)...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763812/computation-of-hip-rotation-kinematics-retrospectively-using-functional-knee-calibration-during-gait
#6
Morgan Sangeux
BACKGROUND: Hip rotation kinematics during gait is a key parameter to support clinical decision making, for example in children with lower limb torsional deformities. However, hip rotation kinematics is also one of the least repeatable parameter because it is difficult to locate the position of the medio-lateral axis of the femur. Functional knee calibration provides an alternative to locate the medio-lateral axis of the femur and may be performed retrospectively, using the movement of the knee joint during gait...
May 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763429/factors-affecting-femoral-rotational-angle-based-on-the-posterior-condylar-axis-in-gap-based-navigation-assisted-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-valgus-knee
#7
Sung-Sahn Lee, Yong-In Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Dae-Hee Lee, Young-Wan Moon
BACKGROUND: Achieving proper rotational alignment of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for valgus knee is challenging because of lateral condylar hypoplasia and lateral cartilage erosion. Gap-based navigation-assisted TKA enables surgeons to determine the angle of femoral component rotation (FCR) based on the posterior condylar axis. This study evaluated the possible factors that affect the rotational alignment of the femoral component based on the posterior condylar axis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750263/independent-early-and-late-sensory-processes-for-proprioceptive-integration-when-planning-a-step
#8
Anahid H Saradjian, Normand Teasdale, Jean Blouin, Laurence Mouchnino
Somatosensory inputs to the cortex undergo an early and a later stage of processing which are characterized by an early and a late somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP). The early response is highly representative of the stimulus characteristics whereas the late response reflects a more integrative, task specific, stage of sensory processing. We hypothesized that the later processing stage is independent of the early processing stage. We tested the prediction that a reduction of the first volley of input to the cortex should not prevent the increase of the late SEP...
May 10, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748105/reliability-of-the-measurement-of-cuboid-height-in-midfoot-charcot-neuroarthropathy
#9
Shyam Sheth, Brian S Derner, Andrew J Meyr
Cuboid height is a quantitative radiographic measurement of the relationship of the inferior cuboid to the plantar osseous plane of the lateral column of the foot and might be associated with poor clinical outcomes in patients with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. We evaluated the reliability of the cuboid height measured by a group of foot and ankle surgeons on subjects with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy. Ten board-certified foot and ankle surgeons, 10 residents, and 10 medical students measured the cuboid height on 11 lateral weightbearing radiographic projections of subjects with midfoot Charcot neuroarthropathy...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737558/risk-of-injury-to-the-sural-nerve-during-posterolateral-approach-to-the-distal-tibia-an-ultrasound-simulation-study
#10
Ewa Mizia, Przemysław A Pękala, Piotr Chomicki-Bindas, Wojciech Marchewka, Marios Loukas, Alexander G Zayachkowski, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
Introduction When surgeons operate on the foot and ankle, the most common complication that may arise is injury of the cutaneous nerves. The sural nerve (SN) is potentially at risk of being injured when treating fractures involving the distal tibia using the posterolateral approach. The aim of this study was to evaluate how differences in length and position of the surgical treatment of fractures involving the distal tibia can affect the risk of SN injury. Materials and Methods The study involved 40 healthy volunteers (n=80 lower limbs)...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736570/surgical-treatment-paradigms-of-ankle-lateral-instability-osteochondral-defects-and-impingement
#11
Hélder Pereira, Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Pietro Spennacchio, Jorge Batista, Pieter D'Hooghe, Kenneth Hunt, Niek Van Dijk
Ankle sprain is amongst the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries, particularly during sports activities. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) resulting from an ankle sprain might have severe long-lasting consequences on the ankle joint. Despite the fact that most patients will respond favourably to appropriate conservative treatment, around 20% will develop symptomatic CAI with sense of giving away and recurrent sprains leading to functional impairment. "Classical" surgical repair by Brostrom-like surgery in one of its many modifications has achieved good results over the years...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732517/coronal-tibiofemoral-subluxation-is-correlated-to-correction-angle-in-medial-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#12
Hiroyasu Ogawa, Kazu Matsumoto, Haruhiko Akiyama
PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyse the change in coronal tibiofemoral (CTF) subluxation after high tibial osteotomy and to determine demographic variables associated with CTF subluxation. The change in CTF subluxation was hypothesised to be associated with the magnitude of correction of lower limb alignment and medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA). METHODS: A total of 103 consecutive knees in 86 patients who underwent medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy for symptomatic medial compartment knee osteoarthritis were retrospectively analysed...
May 7, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730218/arthroscopic-repair-of-lateral-ankle-ligament-for-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Alexandra J Brown, Yoshiharu Shimozono, Eoghan T Hurley, John G Kennedy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the current studies on arthroscopic lateral ankle ligament repair for chronic lateral ankle instability. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases was performed during August 2017. Included studies were evaluated with regard to level of evidence (LOE) and quality of evidence (QOE) using the Coleman Methodology Score. Variable reporting outcome data, clinical outcomes, and percentage of patients who returned to sport at previous level were also evaluated...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727309/differences-between-subtalar-instability-and-lateral-ankle-instability-focusing-on-subtalar-ligaments-based-on-three-dimensional-isotropic-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#14
Deuk Young Yoon, Sung Gyu Moon, Hong-Geun Jung, Na Ra Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the differences between subtalar instability (STI) and lateral ankle instability (LAI) focusing on subtalar ligaments using 3-dimensional (3D) isotropic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Preoperative MRIs of 10 patients with STI who failed nonoperative treatment and consequently underwent arthroscopic subtalar reconstruction were compared with preoperative MRIs of 23 patients with LAI who underwent ligament repair or reconstruction...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726316/correlation-of-radiological-and-clinical-measurement-of-genu-valgum-in-children
#15
Nina Hardgrib, Martin Gottliebsen, Ole Rahbek, Michel Bach Hellfritzsch, Bjarne Møller-Madsen
INTRODUCTION: Genu valgus is a condition characterised by a lateral shift of the knee's mechanical axis. The deformity can be characterised using clinical examinations and long hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angles, but it is unclear how these investigations correlate with each other. Our aim was to examine the correlation between clinical and radiographic measurements of the lower extremities in children. METHODS: A total of 49 children between 5.9 and 16.7 years of age who had been referred with genu valgum deformity were included...
May 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719080/lymphovenous-anastomosis-and-debulking-procedure-for-treatment-of-combined-severe-lower-extremity-and-genital-lymphedema-a-case-report
#16
Mario F Scaglioni, Semra Uyulmaz
Lymphedema most commonly occurs after cancer treatment and can affect limbs and genitalia. Genital lymphedema (GL) is a rare condition and can be disabling psychologically and physically. It often occurs along with lower extremity lymphedema (LEL). Conservative and physiologic reconstructive surgery such as lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) offer good treatment options for LEL. GL however remains a reconstructive dilemma. The most effective surgical therapies in advanced GL are still debulking procedures in properly selected patients...
May 2, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716723/experimental-evaluation-of-current-and-novel-approximations-of-articular-surfaces-of-the-ankle-joint
#17
Claudio Belvedere, Sorin Siegler, Andrea Ensini, Jason Toy, Paolo Caravaggi, Ramya Namani, Luca Giuseppe Princi, Stefano Durante, Alberto Leardini
Kinematics and flexibility properties of both natural and replaced ankle joints are affected by the geometry of the articulating surfaces. Recent studies proposed an original saddle-shaped, skewed, truncated cone with laterally oriented apex, as tibiotalar contact surfaces for ankle prosthesis. The goal of this study was to compare in vitro this novel design with traditional cylindrical or medially centered conic geometries in terms of their ability to replicate the natural ankle joint mechanics. Ten lower limb cadaver specimens underwent a validated process of custom design for the replacement of the natural ankle joint...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713574/idiopathic-peroneal-tenosynovitis-caused-by-a-previously-undiagnosed-auto-immune-condition
#18
Pejma Shazadeh Safavi, Cory F Janney, Kenrick Lam, Daniel R Kunzler, Vinod Panchbhavi
In this case report, we present a unique case of idiopathic peroneal tenosynovitis in an otherwise healthy patient, presenting with a three-month history of pain over the lateral aspect of the right foot. Imaging revealed that fluid distention and synovial thickening distend the common peroneal tendon sheath and peroneus longus and brevis tendon sheaths. The patient was managed operatively with excision of the peroneus longus tendon, a side-to-side tenodesis, and Bröstrom-Gould lateral ankle ligament repair...
February 26, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708977/population-prevalence-and-distribution-of-ankle-pain-and-symptomatic-radiographic-ankle-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-cross-sectional-study
#19
Charlotte Murray, Michelle Marshall, Trishna Rathod, Catherine J Bowen, Hylton B Menz, Edward Roddy
OBJECTIVES: To identify by systematic review published prevalence estimates of radiographic ankle osteoarthritis (OA) and to subsequently estimate the prevalence of ankle pain and symptomatic, radiographic ankle OA within community-dwelling older adults from North Staffordshire, UK. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched using terms for ankle, osteoarthritis and radiography. Data regarding population, radiographic methods, definitions and prevalence estimates of ankle OA were extracted from papers meeting predetermined selection criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708573/medial-compartment-decompression-by-proximal-fibular-osteotomy-a-biomechanical-cadaver-study
#20
Todd Baldini, Jesse Roberts, Jiandong Hao, Kenneth Hunt, Michael Dayton, Craig Hogan
Medial compartment knee osteoarthritis is a painful and debilitating disease. A proximal fibular osteotomy is a novel, simple surgical technique that may reduce pain and improve function for patients with osteoarthritis. The purpose of this biomechanical cadaver study was to determine what effect proximal fibular osteotomy had on knee joint and ankle pressures and tibia strain. Ten matched pairs of cadaver legs were tested in compression to 1.1 times body weight comparing intact and with proximal fibular osteotomy at 0°, 15°, and 30° of flexion...
April 27, 2018: Orthopedics
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