keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lateral ankle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922313/lateral-perturbation-induced-stepping-strategies-and-predictors-in-persons-poststroke
#1
Vicki L Gray, Chieh-Ling Yang, Sandy McCombe Waller, Mark W Rogers
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls commonly occur as weight is transferred laterally, and impaired reactive stepping responses are associated with falls after stroke. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in and the determinants of mediolateral (M-L) protective stepping strategies when pulled off balance toward the paretic and nonparetic sides. METHODS: Eighteen individuals more than 6 months poststroke were pulled in the M-L direction by a lateral waist-pull perturbation system...
October 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919208/genetics-of-clubfoot-recent-progress-and-future-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Sulman Basit, Khalid I Khoshhal
Clubfoot or talipes equinovarus (TEV) is an inborn three-dimensional deformity of leg, ankle and foot. It results from structural defects of several tissues of foot and lower leg leading to abnormal positioning of foot and ankle joints. TEV can lead to long-lasting functional disability, malformation and discomfort if left untreated. Substantial progress has been achieved in the management and diagnosis of limb defects; however, not much is known about the molecular players and signalling pathways underlying TEV disorder...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917979/plantar-reflex-excitability-is-increased-in-the-evening-in-restless-legs-syndrome-patients
#3
Chloe Dafkin, Andrew Green, Benita Olivier, Warrick McKinon, Samantha Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if diurnal changes in spinal excitability (plantar reflex) occur in restless legs syndrome (RLS) participants compared to healthy matched controls. METHODS: Thirteen RLS participants and 13 healthy control participants' plantar reflex responses were evaluated in the evening (PM) and the morning (AM). Plantar reflex responses were assessed electromyographically, using motion analysis (kinematically) and by subjective nociception (Visual Analogue Scale)...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899558/arthroscopically-measured-syndesmotic-stability-after-screw-vs-suture-button-fixation-in-a-cadaveric-model
#4
Bart Lubberts, Bryan G Vopat, Jonathon C Wolf, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Daniel Guss
BACKGROUND: Appropriate management of ankle syndesmotic instability is needed to prevent the development of complications. Previous biomechanical studies have evaluated movement of the fibula after screw or suture button fixations with different results, most likely being caused by variations in experimental setups that did not mirror the in vivo clinical setting. This study aimed to arthroscopically compare in a cadaveric model the stability of syndesmotic fixation with either a suture button or syndesmotic screw...
August 31, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899377/quantitative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-analysis-of-anterior-talofibular-ligament-in-lateral-chronic-ankle-instability-ankles-pre-and-postoperatively
#5
Wei Liu, Hong Li, Yinghui Hua
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate and characterize the dimension and signal intensity of anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) using 3.0 T MRI in the mechanical ankle instability group pre- and postoperatively. METHODS: A total of 97 participants were recruited retrospectively in this study, including 56 with mechanical chronic ankle instability (CAI group) and 41 without ankle instability (Control group). All the subjects accepted MRI preoperatively...
September 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895442/an-alternate-technique-of-applying-lag-screw-for-fixation-of-distal-fibula-fracture-posterior-to-anterior-interfragmentary-compression-screw
#6
Suganth Jayaraman Vijimohan, Syed Haque, David Ellis
Ankle fractures are one of the most common lower limb fractures, representing a significant portion of the trauma workload. Marked proportion of these is isolated intraarticular lateral malleolus fractures. Anatomical reduction and rigid internal fixation using lag screw (interfragmentary screw) to provide interfragmentary compression has remained the choice of treatment in selected lateral malleolus fractures. Applying interfragmentary compression screw from anterior to the posterior surface of the fibula has been the traditional method of performing this...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893616/does-antero-lateral-ankle-impingement-exist
#7
REVIEW
F Molinier, J Benoist, F Colin, J Padiolleau, S Guillo, J Stone, T Bauer
Antero-lateral ankle impingement syndrome (ALAIS) is a well-established clinical entity that is a common consequence of ankle sprains. Injury to the anterior talo-fibular ligament plays a key role in the genesis of ALAIS. Arthroscopic antero-lateral synovectomy is the standard of care. However, this treatment approach may deserve to be challenged, as it does not include any procedure on the ligaments, despite the presence in some patients of lateral rotational micro-instability of the ankle, without objective laxity...
September 8, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892986/diagnostic-accuracy-and-surgical-utility-of-mri-in-complicated-diabetic-foot
#8
Mayank Mahendra, Rahul Singh
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic foot complications pose a significant public health hazard and have negative effect on life quality. These complications are associated with increased risk of amputations and premature death. So focus is increasing on early treatment of complicated diabetic foot. AIM: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and surgical utility of MRI in complicated diabetic foot. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty four complicated diabetic patients were evaluated prospectively...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891713/effect-of-preoperative-deformity-on-arthroscopic-and-open-ankle-fusion-outcomes
#9
Timo Schmid, Fabian Krause, Murray J Penner, Andrea Veljkovic, Alastair S E Younger, Kevin Wing
INTRODUCTION: Coronal deformity is considered a relative contraindication for arthroscopic ankle fusion. This study assessed whether preoperative coronal ankle joint deformity influenced the outcome of arthroscopic ankle fusion. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients had 62 arthroscopic and 35 open ankle fusions between 2005 and 2012. Clinical outcomes were prospectively recorded with use of the Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS) and Ankle Arthritis Scale (AAS) preoperatively and at 6, 12, and 24 months and final follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888716/ideal-angle-of-syndesmotic-screw-fixation-a-ct-based-cross-sectional-image-analysis-study
#10
Young Hwan Park, Won Seok Choi, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
Without clear reference, the precision of syndesmotic screw placement cannot be guaranteed and malposition of these screws leads to poor results. Therefore, to prevent malpositioning of syndesmotic screws, an improved understanding of the orientation of tibiofibular syndesmosis is essential. We analyzed cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) scans of the foot and ankle to identify precise screw positions for the treatment of syndesmotic injuries. A total of 134 calcaneal fractures with intact tibiofibular syndesmosis were enrolled in this retrospective study...
September 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888229/changes-in-ankle-joint-motion-after-supramalleolar-osteotomy-a-cadaveric-model
#11
Hak Jun Kim, Eui Dong Yeo, Im Joo Rhyu, Soon-Hyuck Lee, Yeon Soo Lee, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: Malalignment of the ankle joint has been found after trauma, by neurological disorders, genetic predisposition and other unidentified factors, and results in asymmetrical joint loading. For a medial open wedge supramalleolar osteotomy(SMO), there are some debates as to whether concurrent fibular osteotomy should be performed. We assessed the changes in motion of ankle joint and plantar pressure after supramalleolar osteotomy without fibular osteotomy. METHODS: Ten lower leg specimens below the knee were prepared from fresh-frozen human cadavers...
September 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882509/clinical-benefits-of-joint-mobilisation-on-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Osmotherly, Suzanne Snodgrass, Jodie Marquez, Rutger de Zoete, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical benefits of joint mobilisation on ankle sprains. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process, Embase, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Dissertations and Thesis were searched from inception to June, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies investigating humans with a grade I or II lateral or medial sprains of the ankle in any pathological state from acute to chronic, who had been treated with joint mobilisation were considered for inclusion...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880600/rare-giant-cell-tumor-of-the-distal-flexor-digitorum-longus-tendon-sheath-and-early-diagnosis-with-use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
Michael Levi, Jordan Crafton
Giant-cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCT-TS) is an uncommon occurrence for a foot and ankle surgeon. However, there is a need to recognize the symptoms of typical and atypical presentations of this pathology. These benign neoplasms are recognized clinically as a soft-tissue mass that is usually painless and palpable. The foot and ankle account for only 3% to 5% of all GCT-TS in the body, with most being located in the hand. Giant cell tumor in the tendon sheath occurring in the foot and ankle is usually encountered on the lateral ankle and dorsum of the foot, occupying the extensor tendons...
July 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878537/arthroscopically-assisted-surgical-fixation-of-a-juvenile-tillaux-fracture-and-implant-removal-a-case-report
#14
Takahisa Ogawa, Sadanori Shimizu
Juvenile Tillaux fractures are Salter-Hallis III fractures of the distal tibial epiphysis that occur only when the tibial epiphyses are closing. Theoretically, arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation of a juvenile Tillaux fracture can facilitate the accurate reconstruction of the articular surface, using arthroscopic visualization. We treated a girl aged 14 years who had a juvenile Tillaux fracture by using arthroscopically assisted reduction and fixation. In order to obtain articular congruency, the screw was inserted under arthroscopic visualization...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878534/endoscopic-management-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-a-case-report
#15
Jayant Kumar, Maninder S Singh, Suparna Tandon
Posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS) is a clinical condition characterized by pain in the posterior aspect of ankle on performing activities requiring extreme plantar flexion. The impinging lesion could be bony and/or soft tissue. The operative treatment aims at removing the impinging lesion either by open or endoscopic surgery. The later has been shown to have benefits of early return to sports, better cosmesis, less wound complications. We report a case of a 19 year old footballer with PAIS secondary to Os Trigonum...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874066/the-role-of-the-accessory-malleolar-ossicles-and-malleolar-avulsion-fractures-in-lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction
#16
Matthew M Reiner, Jonathan J Sharpe
While it is well known that ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries in the United States, predictive factors regarding failure of conservative treatment are not well known. There are many biomechanical and epidemiological factors that play a role in recurrence and failure of conservative treatment, but most cases are able to be treated with immobilization and/or rest, ice, elevation, physical therapy, and bracing. We propose that one important risk factor is often overlooked simply due to the fact that a vast majority of these cases resolve without the need for surgery...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872725/dorsal-root-ganglion-field-stimulation-prevents-inflammation-and-joint-damage-in-a-rat-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#17
Bin Pan, Zhiyong Zhang, Dongman Chao, Quinn H Hogan
OBJECTIVES: Electrical stimulation of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), referred to here as ganglionic field stimulation (GFS), is effective in reducing clinical pain, probably by interrupting transmission of afferent impulse trains on sensory neurons as they pass through the DRG. We therefore tested whether efferent impulse trains conveyed by sensory neurons, which contribute to neurogenic inflammation, may also be interrupted by GFS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Collagen-induced arthritis, a model of clinical rheumatoid arthritis, was initiated in rats concurrently with the insertion of an electrode for GFS at the fourth lumbar DRG...
September 5, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868922/second-look-arthroscopic-evaluation-and-clinical-outcome-after-supramalleolar-osteotomy-for-medial-compartment-ankle-osteoarthritis
#18
Hong-Geun Jung, Dong-Oh Lee, Sang-Hun Lee, Joon-Sang Eom
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiologic outcomes of medial compartment ankle osteoarthritis after supramalleolar osteotomy (SMO) without the bone marrow stimulation procedure and confirm cartilage recovery by second-look arthroscopy. METHODS: Twenty-two ankles that were followed for more than 1 year after SMO were retrospectively reviewed. Visual analog scale pain scores and American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scores were used for functional evaluations...
September 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860398/revision-anatomical-reconstruction-of-the-lateral-ligaments-of-the-ankle-augmented-with-suture-tape-for-patients-with-a-failed-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure
#19
B K Cho, Y M Kim, S M Choi, H W Park, N F SooHoo
AIMS: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the intermediate-term outcomes after revision anatomical ankle ligament reconstruction augmented with suture tape for a failed modified Broström procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with persistent instability of the ankle after a Broström procedure underwent revision augmented with suture tape. Of these, 24 patients who were followed up for more than two years were included in the study...
September 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857115/muscle-function-and-coordination-of-stair-ascent
#20
Nicole Harper, Jason Wilken, Richard Neptune
Stair ascent is an activity of daily living and necessary for maintaining independence in community environments. One challenge to improving an individual's ability to ascend stairs is a limited understanding of how lower-limb muscles work in synergy to perform stair ascent. Through dynamic coupling muscles may perform multiple functions and require contributions from other muscles to perform a task successfully. The purpose of this study was to identify the functional roles of individual muscles during stair ascent and the mechanisms by which muscles work together to perform specific subtasks...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
keyword
keyword
105937
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"