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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937756/direct-comparison-of-c-h-bond-amination-efficacy-through-manipulation-of-nitrogen-valence-centered-redox-imido-versus-iminyl
#1
Matthew J T Wilding, Diana A Iovan, Alexandra T Wrobel, James T Lukens, Samantha N MacMillan, Kyle M Lancaster, Theodore A Betley
Reduction of previously reported iminyl radical (ArL)FeCl(•N(C6H4-p-tBu)) (2) with potassium graphite furnished the corresponding high-spin (S = 5/2) imido (ArL)Fe(N(C6H4-p-tBu)) (3) (ArL = 5-mesityl-1,9-(2,4,6-Ph3C6H2)dipyrrin). Oxidation of the three-coordinate imido (ArL)Fe(NAd) (5) with chlorotriphenylmethane afforded (ArL)FeCl(•NAd) (6) with concomitant expulsion of Ph3C(C6H5)CPh2. The respective alkyl/aryl imido/iminyl pairs (3, 2; 5, 6) have been characterized by EPR, zero-field 57Fe Mössbauer, magnetometry, single crystal X-ray diffraction, XAS, and EXAFS for 6...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935536/the-effect-of-iron-on-metronidazole-activity-against-trichomonas-vaginalis-in-vitro
#2
Hala Salah Elwakil, Rania Ayman Tawfik, Yosra Hussein Alam-Eldin, Doaa Ashraf Nassar
Metronidazole is administered in an inactive form then activated to its cytotoxic form within the hydrogenosome of trichomonads. Two hydrogenosomal proteins, pyruvate ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PFOR) and ferredoxin, play a critical role in the reductive activation of metronidazole. The expression of these proteins and other hydrogenosomal proteins are likewise positively regulated by iron. In the present study, the effect of iron on minimal lethal concentration (MLC) of metronidazole on in vitro cultured Trichomonas vaginalis(T...
September 18, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932366/comparison-of-iron-chelation-effects-of-deferoxamine-deferasirox-and-combination-of-deferoxamine-and-deferiprone-on-liver-and-cardiac-t2-mri-in-thalassemia-maior
#3
Shahla Ansari, Azita Azarkeivan, Ghasem Miri-Aliabad, Saeed Yousefian, Tahereh Rostami
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications due to iron overload are the most common cause of death in patients with thalassemia major. The aim of this study was to compare iron chelation effects of deferoxamine, deferasirox, and combination of deferoxamine and deferiprone on cardiac and liver iron load measured by T2* MRI. METHODS: In this study, 108 patients with thalassemia major aged over 10 years who had iron overload in cardiac T2* MRI were studied in terms of iron chelators efficacy on the reduction of myocardial siderosis...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930842/type-4b-hereditary-hemochromatosis-associated-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-slc40a1-gene-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Wei Zhang, Tingxia Lv, Jian Huang, Xiaojuan Ou
RATIONALE: Hereditary hemochromatosis can be divided into HFE- and non-HFE-related based on genetic mutations in different genes. HFE-related hemochromatosis is the most common inherited genetic disease in European populations but rare in Asia-pacific region. Recently, non-HFE-related hemochromatosis has been reported in patients from the Asian countries. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 48-year-old Chinese Han woman who presented with abnormal liver function, diabetes mellitus, hyperferritinemia, and high transferrin saturation, with severe iron overload in parenchymal cells, Kupffer cells, and periportal fibrosis on liver biopsy...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929515/treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-with-direct-acting-antiviral-drugs-is-safe-and-effective-in-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies
#5
Raffaella Origa, Maria Laura Ponti, Aldo Filosa, Alfonso Galeota Lanza, Antonio Piga, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Valeria Pinto, Antonino Picciotto, Paolo Rigano, Salvatore Madonia, Rosamaria Rosso, Domenico D'Ascola, Maria Domenica Cappellini, Roberta D'Ambrosio, Immacolata Tartaglione, Lucia De Franceschi, Barbara Gianesin, Vito Di Marco, Gian Luca Forni
Progression of liver fibrosis in patients with hemoglobinopathies is strongly related to the severity of iron overload and the presence of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Effective iron chelation therapy and HCV infection eradication may prevent liver complications. The European Association for the Study of the Liver guidelines recommend interferon-free regimens for the treatment of HCV infection in patients with hemoglobinopathies. However, data regarding the use of direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAAs) in this patient population are few...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928502/accelerated-fermentation-of-idli-batter-using-eleusine-coracana-and-pennisetum-glaucum
#6
Ramachandran Chelliah, Sudha Rani Ramakrishnan, Divya Premkumar, Usha Antony
The present study focuses on reduction in fermentation time of idli batter and its enrichment with calcium and iron using finger millet and pearl millet. Fermentation time decreased from 12 to 6 h with addition of finger millet and to 8 h with pearl millet. Rate of fermentation, bulk density, viscosity, microbial changes and particle morphology were assessed in the batter; nutritional quality, sensory, phytochemicals and internal characteristics of idli were investigated. The color and texture characteristics of both batter and idli were evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925551/clade-ii-nitrous-oxide-respiration-of-wolinella-succinogenes-depends-on-the-nosg-c1-c2-h-electron-transport-module-nosb-and-a-rieske-cytochrome-bc-complex
#7
Sascha Hein, Samantha Witt, Jörg Simon
Microbial reduction of nitrous oxide (N2 O) is an environmentally significant process in the biogeochemical nitrogen cycle. However, it has been recognized only recently that the gene encoding N2 O reductase (nosZ) is organized in varying genetic contexts, thereby defining clade I (or "typical") and clade II (or "atypical") N2 O reductases and nos gene clusters. This study addresses the enzymology of the clade II Nos system from Wolinella succinogenes, a nitrate-ammonifying and N2 O-respiring Epsilonproteobacterium that contains a cytochrome c N2 O reductase (cNosZ)...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921403/biochar-composites-with-nano-zerovalent-iron-and-eggshell-powder-for-nitrate-removal-from-aqueous-solution-with-coexisting-chloride-ions
#8
Munir Ahmad, Mahtab Ahmad, Adel R A Usman, Abdullah S Al-Faraj, Adel S Abduljabbar, Mohammad I Al-Wabel
Biochar (BC) was produced from date palm tree leaves and its composites were prepared with nano zerovalent iron (nZVI-BC) and hen eggshell powder (EP-BC). The produced BC and its composites were characterized by SEM, XRD, BET, and FTIR for surface structural, mineralogical, and chemical groups and tested for their efficiency for nitrate removal from aqueous solutions in the presence and absence of chloride ions. The incidence of graphene and nano zerovalent iron (Fe(0)) in the nZVI-BC composite was confirmed by XRD...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919536/neuroprotective-effect-of-5%C3%A9-androst-3%C3%AE-5-6%C3%AE-triol-on-retinal-ganglion-cells-in-a-rat-chronic-ocular-hypertension-model
#9
Yan-Qiu Chen, Shu-Min Zhong, Shu-Ting Liu, Feng Gao, Fang Li, Yuan Zhao, Xing-Huai Sun, Yanying Miao, Zhongfeng Wang
Previous studies have demonstrated that 5ɑ-androst-3β,5,6β-triol (Triol), a synthesized steroid compound, showed notable neuroprotective effect in cultured cortical neurons. In the present study, we explored whether and how Triol have neuroprotective effect on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a chronic ocular hypertension (COH) rat model. COH model was produced by injecting superparamagnetic iron oxide micro-beads into the anterior chamber, and Triol was administrated (4.8μg/100g, i.p., once daily for 4 weeks)...
September 15, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918966/reactive-oxygen-species-and-associated-reactivity-of-peroxymonosulfate-activated-by-soluble-iron-species
#10
Richard J Watts, Miao Yu, Amy L Teel
The activation of peroxymonosulfate by iron (II), iron (III), and iron (III)-EDTA for in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) was compared using nitrobenzene as a hydroxyl radical probe, anisole as a hydroxyl radical+sulfate radical probe, and hexachloroethane as a reductant+nucleophile probe. In addition, activated peroxymonosulfate was investigated for the treatment of the model groundwater contaminants perchloroethylene (PCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE). The relative activities of hydroxyl radical and sulfate radical in the degradation of the probe compounds and PCE and TCE were isolated using the radical scavengers tert-butanol and isopropanol...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916964/presence-of-a-3fe-4s-cluster-in-a-psac-variant-as-a-functional-component-of-the-photosystem-i-electron-transfer-chain-in-synechococcus-sp-pcc-7002
#11
Adam A Pérez, Bryan H Ferlez, Amanda M Applegate, Karim Walters, Zhihui He, Gaozhong Shen, John H Golbeck, Donald A Bryant
A site-directed C14G mutation was introduced into the stromal PsaC subunit of Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7002 in vivo in order to introduce an exchangeable coordination site into the terminal FB [4Fe-4S] cluster of Photosystem I (PSI). Using an engineered PSI-less strain (psaAB deletion), psaC was deleted and replaced with recombinant versions controlled by a strong promoter, and the psaAB deletion was complemented. Modified PSI accumulated at lower levels in this strain and supported slower photoautotrophic growth than wild type...
September 15, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912493/synthesis-of-flower-like-magnetite-nanoassembly-application-in-the-efficient-reduction-of-nitroarenes
#12
Kasibhatta J Datta, Anuj K Rathi, Pawan Kumar, Josef Kaslik, Ivo Medrik, Vaclav Ranc, Rajender S Varma, Radek Zboril, Manoj B Gawande
A facile approach for the synthesis of magnetite microspheres with flower-like morphology is reported that proceeds via the reduction of iron(III) oxide under a hydrogen atmosphere. The ensuing magnetic catalyst is well characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, TEM, N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, and Mössbauer spectroscopy and explored for a simple yet efficient transfer hydrogenation reduction of a variety of nitroarenes to respective anilines in good to excellent yields (up to 98%) employing hydrazine hydrate. The catalyst could be easily separated at the end of a reaction using an external magnet and can be recycled up to 10 times without any loss in catalytic activity...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912459/iron-deposition-is-associated-with-differential-macrophage-infiltration-and-therapeutic-response-to-iron-chelation-in-prostate-cancer
#13
Avigdor Leftin, Huiyong Zhao, Mesru Turkekul, Elisa de Stanchina, Katia Manova, Jason A Koutcher
Immune cells such as macrophages are drivers and biomarkers of most cancers. Scoring macrophage infiltration in tumor tissue provides a prognostic assessment that is correlated with disease outcome and therapeutic response, but generally requires invasive biopsy. Routine detection of hemosiderin iron aggregates in macrophages in other settings histologically and in vivo by MRI suggests that similar assessments in cancer can bridge a gap in our ability to assess tumor macrophage infiltration. Quantitative histological and in vivo MRI assessments of non-heme cellular iron revealed that preclinical prostate tumor models could be differentiated according to hemosiderin iron accumulation-both in tumors and systemically...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906058/stabilization-of-low-valent-iron-i-in-a-high-valent-vanadium-v-oxide-cluster
#14
Montaha Anjass, Katharina Kastner, Florian Naegele, Mark Ringenberg, John Boas, Jie Zhang, Alan Bond, Timo Jacob, Carsten Streb
Low valent iron centers are critical intermediates in chemical and bio-chemical processes. Here, we show the first example of a low-valent FeI center stabilized in a high-valent polyoxometalate framework. Electrochemical studies show that the FeIII-functionalized molecular vanadium(V) oxide (DMA)[FeIIIClVV12O32Cl]3- (DMA - dimethyl ammonium) features two well-defined, reversible, iron-based electrochemical reductions which cleanly yield the FeI species (DMA)[FeIClVV12O32Cl]5-. Experimental and theoretical studies including electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and density functional theory computations verify the formation of the FeI species...
September 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905281/enhanced-degradation-of-acid-red-1-dye-using-a-coupled-system-of-zero-valent-iron-nanoparticles-and-sonolysis
#15
Shoniya Thomas, Sijumon V Abraham, Usha K Aravind, Charuvila T Aravindakumar
The heterogeneous catalytic degradation of a model azo dye, acid red 1 (AR1), initiated by zero valent iron nanoparticles (ZVINP), and its synergic effect with ultrasound (US) have been investigated in the present study. The treatment of AR1 using ZVINP at pH 3 showed maximum efficiency in terms of colour removal (53.0%) and mineralization (48.5% TOC reduction) after 25 min of reaction. However, the coupling of this system with US showed an enhanced efficiency against the decolourization and mineralization of AR1...
September 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905064/mechanochemical-synthesis-of-high-coercivity-nd2-fe-co-14b-magnetic-particles
#16
Y Zhong, V Chaudhary, X Tan, H Parmar, R V Ramanujan
With increasing demand for magnets in energy conversion systems, the quest for the development and understanding of novel processing routes to produce permanent magnets has become urgent. We report a novel mechanochemical process for the synthesis of Nd2(Fe,Co)14B magnetic particles with a high coercivity of 12.4 kOe. This process involves the reduction of neodymium oxide, iron oxide, cobalt oxide and boron anhydride in the presence of a calcium reducing agent and a CaO diluent. The formation mechanism of Nd2(Fe,Co)14B changed with increasing CaO content, and the average crystal size of the Nd2(Fe,Co)14B particles also increased, resulting in an increase in the coercivity values...
September 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904114/the-lives-saved-tool-list-as-a-model-for-prevention-of-anemia-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Renee Guida, Erica Phillips, Adrienne Clermont
Background: Anemia in women is a major public health burden worldwide, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It is a complex condition with multiple nutritional and non-nutritional causes, and geographic heterogeneity of burden. The World Health Assembly has set a target of a 50% reduction in anemia among women of reproductive age (WRA) by 2025.Objective: This article seeks to identify the leading causes of anemia among women in LMICs, review the evidence supporting interventions to address anemia in these settings, and ultimately use this information to decide which interventions should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) model of anemia...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#18
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901758/single-atomic-iron-catalysts-for-oxygen-reduction-in-acidic-media-particle-size-control-and-thermal-activation
#19
Hanguang Zhang, Sooyeon Hwang, Maoyu Wang, Zhenxing Feng, Stavros Karakalos, Langli Luo, Zhi Qiao, Xiaohong Xie, Chongmin Wang, Dong Su, Yuyan Shao, Gang Wu
It remains a grand challenge to replace platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts with earth abundant materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic media, which is crucial for large-scale deployment of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Here, we report a high-performance atomic Fe catalyst derived from chemically Fe-doped zeolitic imidazo-late frameworks (ZIFs) by directly bonding Fe ions to imidazolate ligands within 3D frameworks. Although the ZIF was iden-tified as a promising precursor, the new synthetic chemistry enables well-dispersed atomic Fe sites embedded into porous carbon without the formation of aggregates...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901363/the-mechanism-for-catalytic-hydrosilylation-by-bis-imino-pyridine-iron-olefin-complexes-supported-by-broken-symmetry-density-functional-theory
#20
Yan Choi Lam, Robert J Nielsen, William A Goddard, Aswini K Dash
Density functional theory (DFT, B3LYP-D3 with implicit solvation in toluene) was used to investigate the mechanisms of olefin hydrosilylation catalyzed by PDI(Fe) (bis(imino)pyridine iron) complexes, where PDI = 2,6-(ArN[double bond, length as m-dash]CMe)2(C5H3N) with Ar = 2,6-R2-C6H3. We find that the rate-determining step for hydrosilylation is hydride migration from Et3SiH onto the Fe-bound olefin to form (PDI)Fe(alkyl)(SiEt3). This differs from the mechanism for the Pt Karstedt catalyst in that there is no prior Si-H oxidative addition onto the Fe center...
September 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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