Read by QxMD icon Read

Feline intracranial

D R Rissi, B F Porter, C E Boudreau, P M Krimer, A D Miller
The relationship between inflammatory cells and tumour biology has been defined in many human intracranial neoplasms, but it is relatively poorly characterized in veterinary medicine. The aim of this study was to define the immune cell infiltration in cases of feline glioma and its possible association with tumour morphology and type. A retrospective search identified 18 gliomas that met inclusion criteria. Tumours were subjected to immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CD3, CD20, Iba1, MAC387 and factor VIII-related antigen...
April 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Toshiyuki Tanaka, Hideo Akiyoshi, Hitoshi Shimazaki, Ryo Kawakami, Keiichiro Mie, Yuki Yamada, Fumihito Ohashi
Case summary: This report involves a 10-year-old male mixed-breed cat with a B-cell central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. The cat presented with ataxia progressing to left hemiparesis. While haematological findings were normal, serum biochemistry showed a high creatine phosphokinase concentration. MRI revealed a homogeneously enhancing well-demarcated extra-axial lesion involving the region of the left lateral aperture with oedema in left flocculus and left medulla oblongata. On diffusion-weighted imaging, the lesion margins showed marked hyperintensity relative to the right cerebellar hemisphere...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
Negar Hamzianpour, Richard Lam, Roser Tetas, Elsa Beltran
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical signs, imaging findings, and outcome of feline internal ophthalmoparesis/ophthalmoplegia. PROCEDURE: Medical records were reviewed from 2008 to 2015. Inclusion criteria included cats that presented with internal ophthalmoparesis/ophthalmoplegia, underwent diagnostic imaging, and had follow-up information available. RESULTS: Twelve cases of feline internal ophthalmoparesis/ophthalmoplegia were identified...
December 28, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Antonia DeJesus, Eli B Cohen, Evelyn Galban, Jantra Ngosuwan Suran
Intraventricular ependymoma is a rare type of feline intracranial neoplasia and published information on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics is currently lacking. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe the clinical and MRI characteristics of histopathologically confirmed intraventricular ependymomas in a group of cats. Five cats met inclusion criteria. In relation to normal gray matter, ependymomas appeared hyperintense on T2W, T2W-FLAIR, PD, and DW-EPI images; isointense on ADC images; and had subtle to strong contrast enhancement...
May 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Xander Huizing, Andy Sparkes, Ruth Dennis
Objectives The MRI features of the feline cerebellum and occipital bone have not previously been described in the literature. The aims of this study were three-fold. Firstly, to document variations in cerebellar shape on MRI in neurologically normal cats to support our hypothesis that crowding of the contents of the caudal fossa or herniation of the cerebellar vermis through the foramen magnum occurs frequently as an anatomical variant. Secondly, to document variations in the morphology of the occipital bone...
October 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Allison M Bradbury, Tiffany A Peterson, Amanda L Gross, Stephen Z Wells, Victoria J McCurdy, Karen G Wolfe, John C Dennis, Brandon L Brunson, Heather Gray-Edwards, Ashley N Randle, Aime K Johnson, Edward E Morrison, Nancy R Cox, Henry J Baker, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
Sandhoff disease (SD) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by the absence of hydrolytic enzyme β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (Hex), which results in storage of GM2 ganglioside in neurons and unremitting neurodegeneration. Neuron loss initially affects fine motor skills, but rapidly progresses to loss of all body faculties, a vegetative state, and death by five years of age in humans. A well-established feline model of SD allows characterization of the disease in a large animal model and provides a means to test the safety and efficacy of therapeutic interventions before initiating clinical trials...
January 6, 2017: Neuroscience
Maria Teresa Mandara, Luca Motta, Pietro Calò
In cats, lymphoma (lymphosarcoma) is the most common neoplasm affecting the spinal cord and the second most common intracranial tumour. Although lymphoma commonly develops in the spinal cord as a part of a multicentric process, a primary form may occur. Lymphoma can exhibit a wide range of morphological patterns, including intraparenchymal brain mass, lymphomatosis cerebri, intravascular lymphoma, lymphomatous choroiditis and meningitis, extradural, intradural-extramedullary or intramedullary lymphoma in the spinal cord, or neurolymphomatosis in the peripheral nerves...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Heather L Gray-Edwards, Brandon L Brunson, Merrilee Holland, Adrien-Maxence Hespel, Allison M Bradbury, Victoria J McCurdy, Patricia M Beadlescomb, Ashley N Randle, Nouha Salibi, Thomas S Denney, Ronald J Beyers, Aime K Johnson, Meredith L Voyles, Ronald D Montgomery, Diane U Wilson, Judith A Hudson, Nancy R Cox, Henry J Baker, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
Sandhoff disease (SD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by a mutation in the enzyme β-N-acetylhexosaminidase. Children with infantile onset SD develop seizures, loss of motor tone and swallowing problems, eventually reaching a vegetative state with death typically by 4years of age. Other symptoms include vertebral gibbus and cardiac abnormalities strikingly similar to those of the mucopolysaccharidoses. Isolated fibroblasts from SD patients have impaired catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). To evaluate mucopolysaccharidosis-like features of the feline SD model, we utilized radiography, MRI, echocardiography, histopathology and GAG quantification of both central nervous system and peripheral tissues/fluids...
September 2015: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
V J McCurdy, H E Rockwell, J R Arthur, A M Bradbury, A K Johnson, A N Randle, B L Brunson, M Hwang, H L Gray-Edwards, N E Morrison, J A Johnson, H J Baker, N R Cox, T N Seyfried, M Sena-Esteves, D R Martin
Sandhoff disease (SD) is caused by deficiency of N-acetyl-β-hexosaminidase (Hex) resulting in pathological accumulation of GM2 ganglioside in lysosomes of the central nervous system (CNS) and progressive neurodegeneration. Currently, there is no treatment for SD, which often results in death by the age of five years. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy achieved global CNS Hex restoration and widespread normalization of storage in the SD mouse model. Using a similar treatment approach, we sought to translate the outcome in mice to the feline SD model as an important step toward human clinical trials...
February 2015: Gene Therapy
Allison M Bradbury, Heather L Gray-Edwards, Jamie L Shirley, Victoria J McCurdy, Alexandria N Colaco, Ashley N Randle, Pete W Christopherson, Allison C Bird, Aime K Johnson, Diane U Wilson, Judith A Hudson, Nicholas L De Pompa, Donald C Sorjonen, Brandon L Brunson, Mylvaganam Jeyakumar, Frances M Platt, Henry J Baker, Nancy R Cox, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
The GM2 gangliosidoses, Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) and Sandhoff disease (SD), are progressive neurodegenerative disorders that are caused by a mutation in the enzyme β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (Hex). Due to the recent emergence of novel experimental treatments, biomarker development has become particularly relevant in GM2 gangliosidosis as an objective means to measure therapeutic efficacy. Here we describe blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electrodiagnostic methods for evaluating disease progression in the feline SD model and application of these approaches to assess AAV-mediated gene therapy...
January 2015: Experimental Neurology
Daisuke Hasegawa, Shunta Mizoguchi, Takayuki Kuwabara, Yuji Hamamoto, Fukie Ogawa, Naoaki Matsuki, Kazuyuki Uchida, Michio Fujita
A feline strain of familial spontaneous epileptic cats (FSECs) with typical limbic seizures was identified in 2010, and have been maintained as a novel animal model of genetic epilepsy. In this study, we characterized the electroencephalographic (EEG) features of FSECs. On scalp EEG under sedation, FSECs showed sporadic, but comparatively frequent interictal discharges dominantly in the uni- or bilateral temporal region. Bemegride activation was performed in order to evaluate the predisposition of epileptogenicity of FSECs...
August 2014: Epilepsy Research
Amy W Hodshon, Silke Hecht, William B Thomas
T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been reported to help improve detection of intracranial hemorrhage and is widely used in human neuroimaging. To assess the utility of this technique in small animals, interpretations based on this sequence were compared with those based on paired T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences in 200 dogs and cats that underwent brain MRI for suspected intracranial disease. Two sets of images (T2 + FLAIR and T2*) were reviewed separately in random order unaccompanied by patient information and were interpreted as normal or abnormal based on whether intracranial abnormalities were seen...
November 2014: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Victoria J McCurdy, Aime K Johnson, Heather L Gray-Edwards, Ashley N Randle, Brandon L Brunson, Nancy E Morrison, Nouha Salibi, Jacob A Johnson, Misako Hwang, Ronald J Beyers, Stanley G Leroy, Stacy Maitland, Thomas S Denney, Nancy R Cox, Henry J Baker, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
Progressive debilitating neurological defects characterize feline G(M1) gangliosidosis, a lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of lysosomal β-galactosidase. No effective therapy exists for affected children, who often die before age 5 years. An adeno-associated viral vector carrying the therapeutic gene was injected bilaterally into two brain targets (thalamus and deep cerebellar nuclei) of a feline model of G(M1) gangliosidosis. Gene therapy normalized β-galactosidase activity and storage throughout the brain and spinal cord...
April 9, 2014: Science Translational Medicine
Katherine M Simpson, Luisa De Risio, Anita Theobald, Laurent Garosi, Mark Lowrie
All previous studies on feline ischaemic myelopathy (IM) have reported an acute onset of a single event with no recurrence of clinical signs. This study aimed to evaluate clinical and long-term follow-up data in cats presumptively diagnosed with cervical IM in the territory of the ventral spinal artery (VSA). Eight cats (four females and four males) were included with a mean age of 14 years and 2 months. Neurological status at the time of presentation ranged from ambulatory tetraparesis to tetraplegia with nociception present...
December 2014: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
E J Ives, N Rousset, N Heliczer, M E Herrtage, A E Vanhaesebrouck
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based guidelines are available for the administration of gadolinium-based contrast media to veterinary patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether administration of intravenous (IV) contrast media alters the likelihood of identifying a brain lesion in dogs and cats. ANIMALS: Four hundred and eighty-seven client-owned animals referred for investigation of intracranial disease. METHODS: Two reviewers retrospectively analyzed precontrast transverse and sagittal T1-weighted (T1W), T2-weighted, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery low-field MRI sequences from each patient for the presence of a clinically relevant brain lesion...
March 2014: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
F Crop, T Lacornerie, H Szymczak, A Felin, C Bailleux, X Mirabel, E Lartigau
The purpose of this study is to obtain a better operational knowledge of Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) treatments with CyberKnife(r). An analysis of both In-room Times (IRT) and technical interventions of 5 years of treatments was performed, during which more than 1600 patients were treated for various indications, including liver (21%), lung (29%), intracranial (13%), head and neck (11%) and prostate (7%). Technical interventions were recorded along with the time of the failure, time to the intervention, and the complexity and duration of the repair...
February 2014: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Allison M Bradbury, J Nicholas Cochran, Victoria J McCurdy, Aime K Johnson, Brandon L Brunson, Heather Gray-Edwards, Stanley G Leroy, Misako Hwang, Ashley N Randle, Laura S Jackson, Nancy E Morrison, Rena C Baek, Thomas N Seyfried, Seng H Cheng, Nancy R Cox, Henry J Baker, M Begona Cachón-González, Timothy M Cox, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Douglas R Martin
Salutary responses to adeno-associated viral (AAV) gene therapy have been reported in the mouse model of Sandhoff disease (SD), a neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of β-N-acetylhexosaminidase (Hex). While untreated mice reach the humane endpoint by 4.1 months of age, mice treated by a single intracranial injection of vectors expressing human hexosaminidase may live a normal life span of 2 years. When treated with the same therapeutic vectors used in mice, two cats with SD lived to 7...
July 2013: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Philemon Karli, Daniela Gorgas, Anna Oevermann, Franck Forterre
Meningioma is the most frequently observed primary brain tumour in cats. Usually, it is associated with an intracranial expansion with consequent brain compression, oedema and brain herniation. Typical features of feline intracranial meningiomas are hyperostosis of the adjacent bone and intratumoral mineralisation. We describe a 13-year-old male neutered cat with a 1-year history of behavioural change. At clinical and neurological examination the cat showed signs consistent with right-sided forebrain lesion...
August 2013: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Luca Motta, Maria Teresa Mandara, Geoffrey C Skerritt
Meningiomas are the most common primary brain tumours in dogs and cats. There are several morphological phenotypes of this extra-axial neoplasm and they show predilections for certain anatomical locations. There have been a number of attempts to apply the current World Health Organization (WHO) classification for human meningiomas to dogs and cats and to obtain a universal classification scheme for domestic animals. Recently, certain enzymes involved in tumour growth have been recognised as biological markers and have been related to degrees of malignancy...
May 2012: Veterinary Journal
Frédéric Goulle, Frédéric Meige, Franck Durieux, Christophe Malet, Olivier Toulza, Pierre-François Isard, Robert L Peiffer, Thomas Dulaurent
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of intracranial meningioma causing visual impairment in a cat, successfully treated by surgery. PROCEDURES: An adult neutered male domestic cat was referred with a 10-month history of progressive visual impairment and altered behavior. Investigations included physical, ophthalmologic and neurological examinations as well as hematology, serum biochemistry and CT scan of the head. RESULTS: The menace response was absent in the left eye and decreased in the right eye...
September 2011: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"