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Pelvic organ prolapse, female urinary incontinence

Caroline Massot, Hichem Khenioui, Olivier Agnani, Marc-Alexandre Guyot, Patrick Hautecoeur, Cécile Donze
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence and risk factors of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and the prevalence of intrinsic sphincter deficiency in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. Female patients with MS, followed for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during a 15-year period were included. Demographic data, MS history, expanded disability status scale (EDSS) score at the urodynamic visit, obstetrical past, birth weight, LUTS, and urodynamic findings were collected...
September 2016: International Neurourology Journal
Maurizio Serati, Diaa Rizk, Stefano Savatore
Based on the available urogynecological literature, the role of hysterectomy in the surgical strategy of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair remains controversial. Currently, there are no data to favor either the removal or preservation of the uterus in women with POP. The findings that hysterectomy may contribute to a higher success rate and to the development of urinary incontinence and/or female sexual dysfunction are not supported by evidence. It is not clear why both hysteropexy was sometimes performed in the presence of overt uterine prolapse and/or concomitant vaginal hysterectomy was often included in vaginal prolapse repair in the absence of uterine prolapse...
October 4, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Jan J van Iersel, Chris J de Witte, Paul M Verheijen, Ivo A M J Broeders, Egbert Lenters, Esther C J Consten, Steven E Schraffordt Koops
BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor disorders are a major public health issue. For female genital prolapse, sacrocolpopexy is the gold standard. Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy is a relatively new and promising technique correcting rectal prolapse. There is no literature combining the 2 robotically assisted techniques. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the safety, quality of life, and functional and sexual outcomes of robot-assisted sacrocolporectopexy for multicompartment prolapse of the pelvic floor...
October 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Maurizio Serati, Andrea Braga, Stavros Athanasiou, Giovanni A Tommaselli, Giorgio Caccia, Marco Torella, Fabio Ghezzi, Stefano Salvatore
BACKGROUND: Inside-out transobturator tape (tension-free vaginal tape-obturator [TVT-O]) is currently one of the most effective and popular procedures for the surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). However, data reporting long-term outcomes are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of TVT-O 10 yr after implantation for the treatment of female pure SUI. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multicenter, prospective study was conducted in five tertiary referral centers in three countries...
September 2, 2016: European Urology
L Le Normand, M Cosson, F Cour, X Deffieux, L Donon, P Ferry, B Fatton, J-F Hermieu, H Marret, G Meurette, A Cortesse, L Wagner, X Fritel
OBJECTIVE: Providing clinical practice guidelines for first surgical treatment of female pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: Systematic literature review, level of evidence rating, external proofreading, and grading of recommendations by 5 French academic societies: Association française d'urologie, Collège national des gynécologues et obstétriciens français, Société interdisciplinaire d'urodynamique et de pelvi-périnéologie, Société nationale française de coloproctologie, and Société de chirurgie gynécologique et pelvienne...
July 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Jenny Kurz, Diane Borello-France
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postpartum women with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary incontinence (UI) are often managed by physical therapists specializing in women's health. Movement system impairments often co-exist in this patient population. The purpose of this case study was to describe the physical therapy management of a post-partum female with POP complicated by additional pelvic symptoms. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old post-partum female presented with POP, diastasis recti, UI, and constipation...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
Péter Törzsök, Sophina Bauer, Rosemarie Forstner, Karl-Dietrich Sievert, Günter Janetschek, Reinhold Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cystectomy with orthotopic ileal neobladder are more likely to have urinary retention and neocystocele mainly because of anatomical reasons than stress urinary incontinence. The risk is even higher in case of neurologic comorbidities, as in case of our patient. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a laparoscopic mesh insertion for sacrospinal colposuspension to prevent a neocystocele and pelvic organ prolapse in combination with laparoscopic radical cystectomy in a female patient suffering from bladder cancer and chronic episodic multiple sclerosis...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
W Y Zhang, H Hu, Q Wang, J W Chen, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of preoperative urodynamic study on the diagnosis and treatment for female patients with clinical diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence by studying their diagnosis and treatment database, and to assess its clinical significance of urodynamic study. METHODS: From April 2011 to December 2015, 196 female patients diagnosed clinically with stress urinary incontinence underwent preoperative urodynamics study, after excluding pelvic organ prolapse...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Yechiel Z Burke, Lior Lowenstein
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is multifactorial, with psychological and organic elements. Genital sensation, an important component of sexual response, has until recently not been subjected to adequate clinical appraisal. During the past 15 years we have performed Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) to assess genital sensation in healthy women and women with FSD. AIM: To review available evidence of QST in the investigation of genital sensation in women with FSD...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
Johnny Yi, Sandi Tenfelde, Dina Tell, Cynthia Brincat, Colleen Fitzgerald
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective was to describe the prevalence of pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), pelvic girdle pain (PGP), and the female athlete triad (disordered eating, menstrual irregularities, and osteoporosis) in a female triathlete population. We also evaluated for an association between these conditions. METHODS: We administered an online survey to women who self-identified as female triathletes. Using validated questionnaires, Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire and Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire, along with the female athlete triad questionnaire, we identified the prevalence of PFDs, PGP, and female athlete triad in this specific population...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Donna Mazloomdoost, Gregory Kanter, Robert C Chan, Nicolette Deveaneau, Allison M Wyman, Emily C Von Bargen, Zaid Chaudhry, Solafa Elshatanoufy, Jeannine M Miranne, Christine M Chu, Rachel N Pauls, Lily A Arya, Danielle D Antosh
BACKGROUND: Internet resources are becoming increasingly important for patients seeking medical knowledge. It is imperative to understand patient use and preferences for using the Internet and social networking websites to optimize patient education. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate social networking and Internet use among women with pelvic floor complaints to seek information for their conditions, as well as describe the likelihood, preferences, and predictors of website usage...
June 16, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tomasz Rechberger, Łukasz Nowakowski, Ewa Rechberger, Alicja Ziętek, Izabela Winkler, Paweł Miotła
OBJECTIVES: Due to prolonged life expectancy, regardless of the fact that elderly women are more likely to suffer from comorbidities, urogynaecologists worldwide should expect a growing demand for counseling and effective treatment for patients with pelvic floor defects. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of popular comorbidities among urogynaecological patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included clinical data of 4,065 consecutive female patients who under-went surgical treatment in the 2nd Department of Gynaecology at the Medical University of Lublin due to urogynaecological disorders between January 2005 and December 2014...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Jesús Salinas-Casado, Santiago Méndez-Rubio, Laura Pesquera-Ortega, Miguel Vírseda-Chamorro, Pablo Gutiérrez-Martín, Luis Resel-Folkersma, Manuel Esteban-Fuertes, Jesús Moreno-Sierra
OBJECTIVE: The urodynamic results in suburethral slings (SS), are contradictory. We evaluate a series on patients with stress urinary incontinence (associated or not with bladder hyperactivity) that underwent suburethral slings (SS) operations. METHODS: 42 women (age 62±12 years) with urinary incontinence underwent suburethral slings (86% TOT, 12% TVT, 2% others), 36% of them with simultaneous pelvic organ prolapse correction. Medical history and a pre and postsurgery urodynamic studies (according to ICS instructions, except when specified) were performed...
May 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Alison M Parden, Russell L Griffin, Kimberly Hoover, David R Ellington, Jonathan L Gleason, Kathryn L Burgio, Holly E Richter
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to characterize symptom prevalence, awareness of pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) in family/friends, and understanding of factors contributing to the development of PFDs in women aged 19 to 30 years. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study via online questionnaire survey of female students aged 19 to 30 years enrolled at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Results of "adolescent women" aged 19 to 24 years were compared with "young women" aged 25 to 30 years...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Katie Propst, David M OʼSullivan, Paul K Tulikangas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between perioperative use of transdermal scopolamine and the rate of urinary retention after stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse procedures in women. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cohort study; the primary outcome is the rate of acute postoperative urinary retention. Study candidates were adult female patients who underwent pelvic reconstructive surgery at a tertiary care center. Subjects were excluded if preoperative postvoid residual urine volume was greater than 150 mL, preoperative urodynamic testing was not performed, or if a postoperative trial of void was not performed...
September 2016: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
R B Findik, F İlkaya, S Guresci, H Guzel, S Karabulut, J Karakaya
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate changes in collagen structure in the cardinal and uterosacral ligaments of rats that were administered vitamin C during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen female rats were divided into three groups: six pregnant rats administered 1.25mg/ml/day of vitamin C during pregnancy (Group A); six non-pregnant rats that were not administered vitamin C (Group B); and six pregnant rats that were not administered vitamin C during pregnancy (Group C)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Charlotte Mahoney, Anthony Smith, Andy Marshall, Fiona Reid
AIMS: To explore the role of sensory nerve impairment in women with pelvic organ prolapse, painful bladder syndrome, urinary and fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Medline and Embase were searched for articles in which sensory testing, either quantitative sensory testing or current perception thresholds, had been used to evaluate women with pelvic organ prolapse, stress and urge urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence and female sexual dysfunction...
March 31, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Heather Pierce, Lin Perry, Pauline Chiarelli, Robyn Gallagher
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and impact of symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction in identified workforce groups. BACKGROUND: Productivity of workforce groups is a concern for ageing societies. Symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction are associated with ageing and negatively influence psychosocial health. In the general population, lower urinary tract symptoms negatively influence work productivity. DESIGN: A systematic review of observational studies...
August 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Gerda Trutnovsky, Eva Nagele, Daniela Ulrich, Thomas Aigmüller, Daniela Dörfler, Ingrid Geiss, Evi Reinstadler, Johannes Angleitner-Flotzinger, Jean-Jacques Ries, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Condition-specific sexual questionnaires are essential for clinical trials and important patient-reported outcome measures. The aim of the study was to translate the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire-International Urogynecology Association Revised (PISQ-IR) into German and to clinically validate it in a German-speaking population. METHODS: The translated PISQ-IR was linguistically validated in two rounds of cognitive interviews...
August 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Satoru Takahashi, Mineo Takei, Osamu Nishizawa, Osamu Yamaguchi, Kumiko Kato, Momokazu Gotoh, Yasukuni Yoshimura, Masami Takeyama, Hideo Ozawa, Makoto Shimada, Tomonori Yamanishi, Masaki Yoshida, Hikaru Tomoe, Osamu Yokoyama, Masayasu Koyama
The "Japanese Clinical Guideline for Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms," published in Japan in November 2013, contains two algorithms (a primary and a specialized treatment algorithm) that are novel worldwide as they cover female lower urinary tract symptoms other than urinary incontinence. For primary treatment, necessary types of evaluation include querying the patient regarding symptoms and medical history, examining physical findings, and performing urinalysis. The types of evaluations that should be performed for select cases include evaluation with symptom/quality of life (QOL) questionnaires, urination records, residual urine measurement, urine cytology, urine culture, serum creatinine measurement, and ultrasonography...
January 2016: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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