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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542449/specific-expression-and-function-of-the-a-type-cytochrome-c-oxidase-under-starvation-conditions-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#1
Tatsuya Osamura, Takuro Kawakami, Reiko Kido, Masaharu Ishii, Hiroyuki Arai
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has one A-type (caa3) and multiple C-type (cbb3) cytochrome c oxidases as well as two quinol oxidases for aerobic respiration. The caa3 oxidase is highly efficient in creating a proton gradient across the cell membrane, but it is not expressed under normal growth conditions and its physiological role has not been investigated. In the present study, a mutant strain deficient in the coxBA-PA0107-coxC genes encoding caa3 exhibited normal growth under any test conditions, but it had low relative fitness under carbon starvation conditions, indicating that the expression of caa3 is advantageous under starvation conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539749/erratum-bioactivity-of-diterpens-from-the-ethyl-acetate-extract-of-kingiodendron-pinnatum-rox-hams
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 287 in vol. 8, PMID: 27695270.].
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490439/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-during-prolonged-exercise-in-pompe-disease
#3
Nicolai Preisler, Pascal Laforet, Karen Lindhardt Madsen, Edith Husu, Christoffer Vissing, Gitte Hedermann, Henrik Galbo, Christopher Lindberg, John Vissing
OBJECTIVE: Pompe disease (glycogenosis type II) is caused by lysosomal alpha-glucosidase deficiency, which leads to a block in intra-lysosomal glycogen breakdown. In spite of enzyme replacement therapy, Pompe disease continues to be a progressive metabolic myopathy. Considering the health benefits of exercise, it is important in Pompe disease to acquire more information about muscle substrate use during exercise. METHODS: Seven adults with Pompe disease were matched to a healthy control group (1:1)...
May 10, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490103/speciation-analysis-of-organoarsenic-compounds-in-livestock-feed-by-microwave-assisted-extraction-and-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-atomic-fluorescence-spectrometry
#4
A A Saucedo-Velez, L Hinojosa-Reyes, M Villanueva-Rodríguez, A Caballero-Quintero, A Hernández-Ramírez, J L Guzmán-Mar
The development of a new method to determine the presence of the organoarsenic additives p-arsanilic acid (ASA), roxarsone (ROX) and nitarsone (NIT) in livestock feeds by high performance liquid chromatography coupled to ultraviolet oxidation hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry (HPLC-UV/HG-AFS) after microwave assisted extraction (MAE) was proposed. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a C18 column with 2% acetic acid/methanol (96:4, v/v) as the mobile phase. The limits of detection (LODs) were 0...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471088/the-use-of-a-novel-rox-central-arteriovenous-fistula-formation-device-in-a-patient-with-severe-drug-resistant-hypertension-and-prior-aortic-graft
#5
Mark Hensey, Elizabeth Smyth, Elaine Gilroy, Joseph Galvin
We report a case of the successful use of a central arteriovenous (cAV) coupler device to treat severe drug-resistant primary hypertension in a 46-year-old female. The device is inserted via a femoral approach to create an ateriovenous fistula between the external iliac artery and vein and has shown promise in the treatment of severe hypertension. The patient's 24-hr ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) pre device insertion on eleven anti-hypertensive medications revealed a mean 24-hr ABP of 165/98 mm Hg. The insertion of the cAV coupler resulted in a sustained anti-hypertensive effect nine months post-procedure, with mean 24-hr ABP of 154/91 mm Hg on only two anti-hypertensives...
May 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470989/methylated-phenylarsenical-metabolites-discovered-in-chicken-liver
#6
Hanyong Peng, Bin Hu, Qingqing Liu, Jinhua Li, Xing-Fang Li, Hongquan Zhang, X Chris Le
We report the discovery of three toxicologically relevant methylated phenylarsenical metabolites in the liver of chickens fed 3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (ROX), a feed additive in poultry production that is still in use in several countries. Methyl-3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (methyl-ROX), methyl-3-amino-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (methyl-3-AHPAA), and methyl-3-acetamido-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid (or methyl-N-acetyl-ROX, methyl-N-AHPAA) were identified in such chicken livers, and the concentration of methyl-ROX was as high as 90 μg kg(-1) , even after a five-day clearance period...
May 4, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453965/adsorption-behavior-and-mechanism-of-different-arsenic-species-on-mesoporous-mnfe2o4-magnetic-nanoparticles
#7
Qingsong Hu, Yuling Liu, Xueyuan Gu, Yaping Zhao
Arsenic pollution poses severe threat to human health, therefore dealing with the problem of arsenic contamination in water bodies is extremely important. The adsorption behaviors of different arsenic species, such as arsenate (As(V)), p-arsanilic acid (p-ASA), roxarsone (ROX), dimethylarsenate (DMA) from water using mesoporous bimetal oxide magnetic manganese ferrite nanoparticles (MnFe2O4) have been detailedly investigated. The adsorbent was synthesized via a facile co-precipitation approach and recovered conveniently owing to its strong magnetic properties...
April 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436820/srna-mediated-activation-of-gene-expression-by-inhibition-of-5-3-exonucleolytic-mrna-degradation
#8
Sylvain Durand, Frédérique Braun, Anne-Catherine Helfer, Pascale Romby, Ciarán Condon
Post-transcriptional control by small regulatory RNA (sRNA) is critical for rapid adaptive processes. sRNAs can directly modulate mRNA degradation in Proteobacteria without interfering with translation. However, Firmicutes have a fundamentally different set of ribonucleases for mRNA degradation and whether sRNAs can regulate the activity of these enzymes is an open question. We show that Bacillus subtilis RoxS, a major trans-acting sRNA shared with Staphylococus aureus, prevents degradation of the yflS mRNA, encoding a malate transporter...
April 24, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405751/developmental-validation-of-a-6-dye-str-kit-with-27-loci
#9
Shuanglin Li, Ling Chen, Yanfang Wang, Quyi Xu, Hong Liu, Yue Li, Chao Liu
The EX27 System is a 6-dye (i.e., FAM, HEX, TAMAR, ROX, VIG, and SIZ-500) kit that combines the 24 autosomal STR loci (i.e., D3S1358, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, D1S1656, Penta E, TPOX, TH01, D2S1338, CSF1PO, Penta D, D10S1248, D19S433, vWA, D21S11, D18S51, D6S1043, D8S1179, D5S818, D12S391, FGA, D22S1045, D2S441, SE33) with a Y-STR locus (DYS391), an Indel site (YIndel) and Amelogenin, which is designed to amplify DNA from extracts as well as direct amplification from substrates. The new system contains most of the widely used autosomal STR loci around the world and is sensitive to the male component in mixtures and is more accurate in gender determination owing to the DYS391 and YIndel...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382716/identical-presentation-of-scapular-osteolysis-in-two-patients-with-thoracic-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma
#10
Verónica Alonso Arroyo, Juan Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez, Rox Martinez, Israel Fernandez-Pineda
Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare, locally aggressive vascular tumor that does not metastasize. We report two unique cases of KHE involving the right hemithorax and the upper ipsilateral extremity. Kasabach-Merrit phenomenon and osteolytic lesions in the scapula were observed in both cases.
April 6, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324838/influence-of-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-on-the-effects-of-roxithromycin-in-crucian-carp-carassius-auratus-in-the-presence-of-natural-organic-matter
#11
Zhenhua Yan, Guanghua Lu, Hongwei Sun, Binni Ma
Carbon nanotubes are increasingly entering the aquatic environment and may interact with other co-existing contaminants, such as antibiotics. However, whether these interactions may affect their bioavailability in aquatic organisms is the subject of considerable debate. The primary objective of this study was to assess the risks arising from the coexistence of roxithromycin (ROX) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in waters containing natural organic matter (NOM), focusing on the distribution and bioaccumulation of ROX in crucian carp (Carassius auratus), and the related biochemical status...
March 11, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288446/hybrid-detection-of-target-sequence-dna-based-on-phosphorescence-resonance-energy-transfer
#12
Yanming Miao, Jinzhi Lv, Guiqin Yan
The severe background fluorescence and scattering light of real biological samples or environmental samples largely reduce the sensitivity and accuracy of fluorescence resonance energy transfer sensors based on fluorescent quantum dots (QDs). To solve this problem, we designed a novel target sequence DNA biosensor based on phosphorescent resonance energy transfer (PRET). This sensor relied on Mn-doped ZnS (Mn-ZnS) room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) QDs/poly-(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) nanocomposite (QDs(+)) as the energy donor and the single-strand DNA-ROX as the energy receptor...
March 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252677/increasing-clinical-faculty-engagement-in-problem-driven-research-the-magic-wand-initiative-at-massachusetts-general-hospital
#13
Lilit Garibyan, R Rox Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250665/erratum-bioactivity-of-diterpens-from-the-ethyl-acetate-extract-of-kingiodendron-pinnatum-rox-hams
#14
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 287 in vol. 8, PMID: 27695270.].
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244201/overexpression-of-oserf48-causes-regulation-of-oscml16-a-calmodulin-like-protein-gene-that-enhances-root-growth-and-drought-tolerance
#15
Harin Jung, Pil Joong Chung, Su-Hyun Park, Mark Christian Felipe Reveche Redillas, Youn Shic Kim, Joo-Won Suh, Ju-Kon Kim
The AP2/ERF family is a plant-specific transcription factor (TF) family whose members have been associated with various developmental processes and stress tolerance. Here, we functionally characterized the drought-inducible OsERF48, a group Ib member of the rice ERF family with four conserved motifs, CMI-1, -2, -3 and -4. A transactivation assay in yeast revealed that the C-terminal CMI-1 motif was essential for OsERF48 transcriptional activity. When OsERF48 was overexpressed in an either a root-specific (ROX(OsERF48) ) or whole-body (OX(OsERF48) ) manner, transgenic plants showed a longer and denser root phenotype compared to the nontransgenic (NT) controls...
February 28, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225598/novel-aptasensor-platform-based-on-ratiometric-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy
#16
Yan Wu, Fubing Xiao, Zhaoyang Wu, Ruqin Yu
A novel aptasensor platform has been developed for quantitative detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) based on a ratiometric surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) strategy. The thiolated 3'-Rox-labeled complementary DNA (cDNA) is first immobilized on the gold nanoparticle (AuNP) surface and then hybridizes with the 3'-Cy5-labeled ATP-binding aptamer probe (Cy5-aptamer) to form a rigid double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), in which the Cy5 and Rox Raman labels are used to produce the ratiometric Raman signals...
February 22, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219238/public-health-risk-of-arsenic-species-in-chicken-tissues-from-live-poultry-markets-of-guangdong-province-china
#17
Yuanan Hu, Wenfeng Zhang, Hefa Cheng, Shu Tao
Arsenic-based feed additives, such as roxarsone (ROX), are still legally and widely used in food animal production in many countries. This study was conducted to systematically characterize the content and speciation of arsenic in chicken tissues from live poultry markets and in commercial chicken feeds in Guangdong, a major poultry production and consumption province in China, and to assess the corresponding public health risk. The total arsenic contents in the commercial feeds could be modeled as a mixture of two log-normal distributions (geometric means: 0...
March 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117942/the-effect-of-simulated-inflammatory-conditions-and-fenton-chemistry-on-the-electrochemistry-of-cocrmo-alloy
#18
Yangping Liu, Jeremy L Gilbert
Inflamed conditions may develop in total joint replacement applications and may impact on the corrosion of metallic biomaterials like CoCrMo alloy. The influence of simulated inflammatory (SI) conditions on the corrosion behavior of CoCrMo alloy was investigated. A range of SI solutions, based on phosphate buffered saline with H2 O2 , HCl, and Fe(3+) additions, were investigated. Open circuit potential (OCP), corrosion currents and impedance of the oxide film surface were all significantly (p < 0.05) affected by increases in H2 O2 concentration and decrease of pH...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089757/disorazoles-block-group-a-streptococcal-invasion-into-epithelial-cells-via-interference-with-the-host-factor-ezrin
#19
Katharina Rox, Manfred Rohde, Gursharan Singh Chhatwal, Rolf Müller
Bacterial pathogens use invasion into human cells as a strategy to escape not only the host's immune response, but also anti-bacterial treatment. This often leads to persistence and enables reinitiation of the infection process at a later time point. Here, we show that a family of myxobacterial metabolites, disorazoles, block invasion of group A Streptococcus (GAS) into human epithelial cells. Mechanistically, disorazoles target ezrin, a host protein involved in linking microfilaments to the membrane, and affect invasion most likely by interfering with dynamic phosphorylation of ezrin...
January 5, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089399/a-mass-balance-model-to-estimate-the-rate-of-composting-methane-oxidation-and-anaerobic-digestion-in-soil-covers-and-shallow-waste-layers
#20
Reza Rafiee, Lizanne Obersky, Sihuang Xie, William P Clarke
Although CH4 oxidation in landfill soil covers is widely studied, the extent of composting and CH4 oxidation in underlying waste layers has been speculated but not measured. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a mass balance model to estimate the simultaneous rates of anaerobic digestion (rAD), CH4 oxidation (rOX) and composting (rCOM) in environments where O2 penetration is variable and zones of aerobic and anaerobic activity are intermingled. The modelled domain could include, as an example, a soil cover and the underlying shallow waste to a nominated depth...
May 2017: Waste Management
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