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Jianbang Wang, Zhixin Zhou, Liang Yue, Shan Wang, Itamar Willner
The switchable reconfiguration of a mixture of two dimers of DNA origami tiles AB and CD into a mixture of two DNA origami dimers composed of AD and CB, using collection of fuel and anti-fuel strands, is presented. The reversible reconfiguration of the mixture of dimers AB/CD into AD/CB followed by labeling each of the tile with 0, 1, 2 and 3 4× hairpins labels and by imaging the dimer structures by AFM. Subjecting the reconfigurable dimer mixtures to a collection of Mg2+ -dependent DNAzyme subunits and the substrates consisting of the ROX/BHQ2-modified substrate and the FAM/BHQ1-modified substrate leads to the triggered and programmed switchable operation in the presence of appropriate fuel and anti-fuel strands...
March 14, 2018: Nano Letters
Kathryn A Martin, R Rox Anderson, R Jeffrey Chang, David A Ehrmann, Rogerio A Lobo, M Hassan Murad, Michel M Pugeat, Robert L Rosenfield
Objective: To update the "Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2008. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of seven medical experts and a methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Craig L Sikora, Maria F Alfaro, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Valentim A Barao, Cortino Sukotjo, Mathew T Mathew
PURPOSE: Dental implants have been shown to have predictable success, but esthetic complications often arise. To reduce tissue shadowing from titanium, zirconia abutments may be used; however, the literature suggests that the use of zirconia leads to greater destruction of the implant interface that may result in biological complications such as titanium tattoos and heavy metal toxicity. Previous studies have examined the mechanical aspects of this implant/abutment relationship, but they have not accounted for the corrosive degradation that also takes place in the dynamic environment of the oral cavity...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Weihua Wang, Wanfeng Zhang, Hong Liang, Dawen Gao
A method was established for coupled solid phase extraction-ultra performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry, to simultaneously detect 12 common antibiotics belonging to 4 types (sulfonamides, macrolides, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins) in surface water environments. The characteristic distribution and seasonal variation in antibiotic content was investigated in the Harbin section of the Songhua River basin, Northeastern China. The results showed that the 12 antibiotics monitored were all detected to varying degrees, with 100% detection rates for sulfamethoxazole (SMX), cefazolin (CFZ), ofloxacin (OFL), flumequine (FLU), azithromycin (AZI) and roxithromycin (ROX) in all sampling sites...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Technology
Sanjay K Gupta, X Chris Le, Gary Kachanosky, Martin J Zuidhof, Tariq Siddique
Roxarsone (rox), an arsenic (As) containing organic compound, is a common feed additive used in poultry production. To determine if As present in rox is excreted into the poultry litter without any retention in chicken meat for safe human consumption, the transference of As from the feed to poultry excreta was assessed using two commercial chicken strains fed with and without dietary rox. The results revealed that both the strains had similar behaviour in growth (chicken weight; 2.17-2.25kg), feed consumption (282-300kgpen-1 initially containing 102 chicken) and poultry litter production (73-81kgpen-1 ) during the growth phase of 35days...
February 22, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Diane M Mackle, Michael J Bailey, Richard W Beasley, Rinaldo Bellomo, Victoria L Bennett, Adam M Deane, Glenn M Eastwood, Simon Finfer, Ross C Freebairn, Edward Litton, Natalie J Linke, Colin J McArthur, Shay P McGuinness, Rakshit Panwar, Paul J Young
BACKGROUND: The balance of risks and benefits of conservative v standard care oxygen strategies for patients who are invasively ventilated in the intensive care unit (ICU) is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the study protocol and statistical analysis plan for the ICU randomised trial comparing two approaches to oxygen therapy (ICU-ROX). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Protocol for a multicentre, randomised, participant and outcome assessor-blinded, standard care-controlled, parallel-group, two-sided superiority trial to be conducted in up to 22 ICUs in Australia and New Zealand...
March 2018: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Emily Wenande, Joshua Tam, Brijesh Bhayana, Steven Kyle Schlosser, Emily Ishak, William A Farinelli, Agata Chlopik, Mai P Hoang, Omar R Pinkhasov, Peter Caravan, R Rox Anderson, Merete Haedersdal
The effectiveness of topical drugs for treatment of non-melanoma skin cancer is greatly reduced by insufficient penetration to deep skin layers. Ablative fractional lasers (AFLs) are known to enhance topical drug uptake by generating narrow microchannels through the skin, but information on AFL-drug delivery in in vivo conditions is limited. In this study, we examined pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and toxicity of two synergistic chemotherapy agents, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), following AFL-assisted delivery alone or in combination in in vivo porcine skin...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Daisuke Saigusa, Norio Suzuki, Yotaro Matsumoto, Keiko Umeda, Yoshihisa Tomioka, Seizo Koshiba, Masayuki Yamamoto
Roxadustat (FG-4592, Rox) is a stabilizer for hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIFs), which induce production of the erythroid growth factor erythropoietin, and has been listed by the World Anti-Doping Agency as a prohibited substance for athletes since 2011. Although the detection technologies for Rox and its glucuronide-conjugated metabolite (Rox-Gluc) have been developed exploiting triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (MS/MS), the production of metabolites from Rox in the human body remains to be clarified...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Biochemistry
Arisa E Ortiz, R Rox Anderson, Catherine DiGiorgio, Shang I Brian Jiang, Faiza Shafiq, Mathew M Avram
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is an indolent form of skin cancer that is rarely life threatening, but can cause significant cosmetic and functional morbidity. Surgical treatments often result in disfiguring scars, while topical therapies frequently result in recurrence. The need for a more effective nonsurgical alternative has led to the investigation of laser treatment of BCC. We have previously conducted a pilot study which showed 100% histologic clearance at high fluences...
February 13, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Kalinka Koteva, Georgina Cox, Jayne K Kelso, Matthew D Surette, Haley L Zubyk, Linda Ejim, Peter Stogios, Alexei Savchenko, Dan Sørensen, Gerard D Wright
Rifamycin monooxygenases (Rox) are present in a variety of environmental bacteria and are associated with decomposition of the clinically utilized antibiotic rifampin. Here we report the structure and function of a drug-inducible rox gene from Streptomyces venezuelae, which encodes a class A flavoprotein monooxygenase that inactivates a broad range of rifamycin antibiotics. Our findings describe a mechanism of rifamycin inactivation initiated by monooxygenation of the 2-position of the naphthyl group, which subsequently results in ring opening and linearization of the antibiotic...
January 26, 2018: Cell Chemical Biology
Martin Byrdin, Chenxi Duan, Dominique Bourgeois, Klaus Brettel
Though ubiquitously used as selective fluorescence markers in cellular biology, fluorescent proteins (FPs) still have not disclosed all of their surprising properties. One important issue, notably for single-molecule applications, is the nature of the triplet state, suggested to be the starting point for many possible photochemical reactions leading to phenomena such as blinking or bleaching. Here, we applied transient absorption spectroscopy to characterize dark states in the prototypical enhanced green fluorescent pro-tein (EGFP) of hydrozoan origin and, for comparison, in IrisFP, a representative phototransformable FP of anthozoan origin...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Thomas P Halsted, Keitaro Yamashita, Kunio Hirata, Hideo Ago, Go Ueno, Takehiko Tosha, Robert R Eady, Svetlana V Antonyuk, Masaki Yamamoto, S Samar Hasnain
Synchrotron-based X-ray structural studies of ligand-bound enzymes are powerful tools to further our understanding of reaction mechanisms. For redox enzymes, it is necessary to study both the oxidized and reduced active sites to fully elucidate the reaction, an objective that is complicated by potential X-ray photoreduction. In the presence of the substrate, this can be exploited to construct a structural movie of the events associated with catalysis. Using the newly developed approach of serial femtosecond rotation crystallography (SF-ROX), an X-ray damage-free structure of the as-isolated copper nitrite reductase (CuNiR) was visualized...
January 1, 2018: IUCrJ
Gui-Hua Qiu, Zi-Hua Weng, Pei-Pei Hu, Wen-Jun Duan, Bao-Ping Xie, Bin Sun, Xiao-Yan Tang, Jin-Xiang Chen
From a three-dimensional (3D) metal-organic framework (MOF) of {[Cu(Cmdcp)(phen)(H2O)]2·9H2O}n (1, H3CmdcpBr = N-carboxymethyl-(3,5-dicarboxyl)pyridinium bromide, phen = phenanthroline), a sensitive and selective fluorescence sensor has been developed for the simultaneous detection of ebolavirus conserved RNA sequences and ebolavirus-encoded microRNA-like (miRNA-like) fragment. The results from molecular dynamics simulation confirmed that MOF 1 absorbs carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-tagged and 5(6)-carboxyrhodamine, triethylammonium salt (ROX)-tagged probe ss-DNA (probe DNA, P-DNA) by π…π stacking and hydrogen bonding, as well as additional electrostatic interactions to form a sensing platform of P-DNAs@1 with quenched FAM and ROX fluorescence...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Seth W Cheetham, Andrea H Brand
Thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in eukaryotic genomes, many of which are expressed in spatially and temporally restricted patterns. Nonetheless, the roles of the majority of these transcripts are still unknown. One of the mechanisms by which lncRNAs function is through the modulation of chromatin states. To assess the functions of lncRNAs, we developed RNA-DamID, a novel approach that detects lncRNA-genome interactions in a cell-type-specific manner in vivo with high sensitivity and accuracy...
January 2018: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Qing-Long Fu, Lee Blaney, Dong-Mei Zhou
Roxarsone (ROX) is an organoarsenic feed additive of increasing interest used in the poultry industry. Soybean responses to ROX stress were investigated in root exudates (REs) using two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) with fluorescence and Fourier transform infrared spectra. Environmentally-relevant ROX concentrations caused negligible toxicity to crop growth and photosynthesis activity, but blackened soybean roots at high concentrations. 2D-COS analysis revealed that the protein-like fluorophore and C=C and C=O, aliphatic-OH, and polysaccharide C-O-H moieties in soybean REs were most sensitive to ROX stress...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Huihui Mao, Guanghua Luo, Jun Zhang, Ning Xu
The base-quenched probe method for detecting single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) relies on real-time PCR and melting-curve approaches. Here, we applied the most common commercial fluorophores including FAM, HEX, CY5, CY3, TET, JOE, Texas Red and ROX for labeling probes to detect multi-mutations simultaneously according to the different fluorescence channels. Accuracy of the method was confirmed by direct sequencing. The results demonstrated that all above dyes could be influenced by bases and could be applied to detect SNPs...
December 9, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
Yinsheng Li, Meilin Jiang, Michelle Thunders, Xiaojie Ai, Jiangping Qiu
Enrofloxacin (ENR) and roxarsone (ROX) have been widely used in animal breeding. In this study, the daily clinical dosage of ENR and daily additive amount of ROX were administrated to Bama pigs. After 5days, the activity and protein expression of three important enzymes in the cytochrome P450 family were measured in the porcine liver. CYP1A2 was induced by both ENR and ROX independently. CYP2E1 and CYP3A4 were inhibited by ENR, but not affected by ROX. The combined administration of ENR and ROX were antagonistic to CYP1A2 and CYP2E1, but not to CYP3A4...
November 21, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
Paul J Young, Diane M Mackle, Michael J Bailey, Richard W Beasley, Victoria L Bennett, Adam M Deane, Glenn M Eastwood, Simon Finfer, Ross C Freebairn, Edward Litton, Natalie J Linke, Colin J McArthur, Shay P McGuinness, Rakshit Panwar, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the intensive care unit randomised trial comparing two approaches to oxygen therapy (ICU-ROX) pilot phase, which included the first 100 patients of an overall sample of 1000, was to examine feasibility. DESIGN: Investigator-initiated, prospective, parallel-group, pilot randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Six medical-surgical intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia and New Zealand, with participants recruited from September 2015 through June 2016...
December 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
Lingjuan He, Yan Li, Yi Li, Wenjuan Pu, Xiuzhen Huang, Xueying Tian, Yue Wang, Hui Zhang, Qiaozhen Liu, Libo Zhang, Huan Zhao, Juan Tang, Hongbin Ji, Dongqing Cai, Zhibo Han, Zhongchao Han, Yu Nie, Shengshou Hu, Qing-Dong Wang, Ruilin Sun, Jian Fei, Fengchao Wang, Ting Chen, Yan Yan, Hefeng Huang, William T Pu, Bin Zhou
The Cre-loxP recombination system is the most widely used technology for in vivo tracing of stem or progenitor cell lineages. The precision of this genetic system largely depends on the specificity of Cre recombinase expression in targeted stem or progenitor cells. However, Cre expression in nontargeted cell types can complicate the interpretation of lineage-tracing studies and has caused controversy in many previous studies. Here we describe a new genetic lineage tracing system that incorporates the Dre-rox recombination system to enhance the precision of conventional Cre-loxP-mediated lineage tracing...
December 2017: Nature Medicine
Jia-Jia Yang, Zhi-Feng Zhang, Gui-Qin Yan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in many biological processes, and its level in plasma and other biological fluids is closely related to many diseases. In this work, a selective room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) detection method for miRNA was developed based on a duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) -assisted signal amplification strategy and phosphorescence resonance energy transfer (PRET) between poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride-modified quantum dots (QDs@PDDA) and 6-carboxy-X-rhodamine-modified miRNA sequences complementary oligonucleotide (ROX-ssDNA)...
October 28, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
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