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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806232/assessment-of-medical-surgical-patients-perception-of-hospital-noises-and-reported-ability-to-rest
#1
Christine L Locke, Diana S Pope
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to determine if an enhanced privacy curtain (1) impacted ability to rest while hospitalized in the acute care setting and (2) improved patient satisfaction associated with environmental noise. METHODS: The project evaluated a privacy curtain designed to increase speech privacy and intelligibility and reduce reverberation time (echo). The curtain was similar to the existing privacy curtain with 2 exceptions: the curtain panel had pocket inserts that absorbed sound, and curtain panels could be zipped together to reduce sound transmission through gaps...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806111/-effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cancer-recovery-mbcr-program-among-hungarian-cancer-patients
#2
Magda Rohánszky, Károly Berényi, Dóra Fridrik, Henriette Pusztafalvi
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Employment of mindfulness-based programs and techniques in the treatment of cancer patients have spread exponentially in the past decade. A large number of studies have proved the effectiveness of the program in the reduction of stress symptoms, depression and anxiety, and the improvement of sleep and mood patterns. The present study was done at Firebird Foundation and examines the effectiveness of the complex, MBCR (mindfulness-based cancer recovery)-based psycho-social intervention in the treatment of cancer patients...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805481/a-comparison-of-quality-of-sleep-between-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-not-on-hemodialysis-and-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis-in-a-developing-country
#3
Salman T Shafi, Tahir Shafi
Few studies have compared quality of sleep between pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (pre-dialysis CKD) patients and end-stage renal disease patients on dialysis (ESRD) and have found inconsistent results. Objective of this study is to compare quality of sleep between patients with pre-dialysis CKD and ESRD in a developing country. This study was conducted in an out-patient department and hemodialysis unit of a tertiary care facility. Patients included had either pre-dialysis CKD or ESRD. Assessment of quality of sleep was done using Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802366/formula-for-the-prediction-of-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-without-polysomnography-according-to-the-clinical-parameters-is-it-reliable
#4
Zlatko Kljajić, Željka Roje, Kristijan Bečić, Vesna Čapkun, K Vilović, Petar Ivanišević, Eugenija Marušić
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to propose "the risk formula" for obstructive sleep apnea in children according to the general and local clinical parameters and findings relevant for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. The unmet need for this formula arises from the economic burden of polysomnography (device, staff, training, special sleep centers, etc) as the golden standard for the diagnostics. MATERIALS AND METHODS USED: The study was performed from January 2013 until January 2016 in the Sleep Center, Department for Neuroscience, School of Medicine of the University of Split, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Split, Croatia and ENT Dept...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801431/socioeconomic-and-geographical-variation-in-general-practitioner-consultations-for-allergic-rhinitis-in-england-2003-2014-an-observational-study
#5
Daniel Todkill, Paul Loveridge, Alex James Elliot, Roger Morbey, Simon de Lusignan, Obaghe Edeghere, Gillian Smith
OBJECTIVE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem, potentially impacting individuals' sleep, work and social life. We aimed to use a surveillance network of general practitioners (GPs) to describe the epidemiology of AR consultations in England. SETTING: A large GP surveillance network covering approximately 53% of the English population. METHODS: GP consultations for AR across England between 30 December 2002 and 31 December 2014 were analysed...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801272/low-serum-uric-acid-levels-in-chronic-insomnia-patients-a-case-control-study
#6
Kai Zhao, Xiaoqian Luan, Zhihua Liu, Zhuoying Zhu, Huijun Chen, Huiping Shen, Yan Cai, Huihua Qiu, Qiongzhang Wang, Yingying Gu, Lin Zhu, Jincai He
Recent studies have demonstrated the presence of oxidative stress in insomnia patients. Uric acid (UA) is regarded as one of the most important antioxidants that may attenuate oxidative stress. The aim of our study was to investigate whether there is an alteration of serum UA levels in chronic insomnia patients. The association between sleep quality and serum UA in chronic insomnia patients was also investigated. We recruited 300 chronic insomnia patients and 300 age- and gender-matched normal controls. The uricase-PAP method was used to measure the concentration of UA both in patient and normal control subjects...
August 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798255/benefits-of-oxytocin-administration-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Vivek Jain, Joseph Marbach, Shawn Kimbro, David C Andrade, Arad Jain, Eleanor Capozzi, Kyle Mele, Rodrigo Del Rio, Matthew W Kay, David Mendelowitz
Activation of oxytocin receptors has shown benefits in animal models of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). We tested if nocturnal oxytocin administration could have beneficial effects in OSA patients. 8 patients diagnosed with OSA were administered intranasal oxytocin (40 i.u.). Changes in cardiorespiratory events during sleep, including apnea and hypopnea durations and frequency, risk of event-associated arousals, and heart rate variability were assessed. Oxytocin significantly increased indices of parasympathetic activity, including heart rate variability, total sleep time, and the Post-Polysommogram Sleep Assessment (PPSA) score, an index of self-reported sleep satisfaction...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797401/a-58-year-old-man-with-position-dependent-nocturnal-dyspnea
#8
Anke Schertel, Christian M Horvath, Jacqueline Pichler Hefti, John-David Aubert, Anne-Kathrin Brill
A 58-year-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, who had received a right-sided single-lung transplant 2 years earlier, was referred to the sleep clinic for the assessment of nocturnal position-dependent episodes of dyspnea and frequent arousals when lying on his right side. There was no subjective worsening of daytime respiratory symptoms, but he complained of fatigue and unrefreshing sleep. His Epworth Sleepiness Scale score was 12/24. After lung transplantation he had a favorable course while receiving immunosuppression with prednisolone, everolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil...
August 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796676/sleep-disorder-diagnosis-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth
#9
Jennifer N Felder, Rebecca J Baer, Larry Rand, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sleep disorder diagnosis would be associated with increased risk of preterm birth and to examine risk by gestational age, preterm birth type, and specific sleep disorder (insomnia, sleep apnea, movement disorder, and other). METHODS: In this observational study, participants were from a cohort of nearly 3 million women in California between 2007 and 2012. Inclusion criteria were women with singleton neonates liveborn between 20 and 44 weeks of gestation without chromosomal abnormalities or major structural birth defects linked to a hospital discharge database maintained by the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development and without mental illness during pregnancy...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791985/knowledge-of-medical-students-about-epilepsy-need-for-a-change
#10
B A Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Okpara, O S Ekenze, O Onodugo, N P Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Nnaji, G Onyebueke
PURPOSE: Though most doctors in their professional life will provide care for people with epilepsy, many will not get further training in their professional life. There may be other barriers, perceived or not, to providing care to people living with epilepsy by doctors which need to be approached in the medical undergraduate curriculum and medical continuing education. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge gaps of medical students on basic issues regarding epilepsy that could be useful in preparing training material for the students and continuous medical education for doctors working in the community...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791802/a-26-week-feasibility-study-comparing-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-modified-release-prednisone-with-immediate-release-prednisolone-in-newly-diagnosed-cases-of-giant-cell-arteritis
#11
Charles Raine, Philip P Stapleton, Dimos Merinopoulos, Win Win Maw, Katerina Achilleos, Dawn Gayford, Sarah Mapplebeck, Craig Mackerness, Paul Schofield, Bhaskar Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE: A feasibility study to assess efficacy and safety of modified release (MR) prednisone (Lodotra™) compared to immediate release (IR) prednisolone in patients with newly diagnosed giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: Twelve patients with new diagnosis of GCA were initially treated with high-dose prednisolone (40-60 mg) daily for 4 weeks and then randomized to two open arms to continue tapering steroid treatment with either standard IR prednisolone or MR prednisone...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791548/insomnia-postpartum-depression-and-estradiol-in-women-after-delivery
#12
Ewa Drozdowicz-Jastrzębska, Michał Skalski, Paulina Gdańska, Anna Mach, Piotr Januszko, Rafał J Nowak, Piotr Węgrzyn, Mirosław Wielgoś, Maria Radziwoń-Zaleska
After childbirth, women may develop symptoms of depression with the associated sleep disturbances. This study assessed the relationship between insomnia and both depression symptoms and blood estradiol levels in women during the early postpartum period. 84 patients were assessed 24-48 h after labor. The main assessment methods were the following psychometric scales: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Serum estradiol levels were measured using ELISA assay...
August 8, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782982/sleep-continuity-architecture-and-quality-among-treatment-seeking-cannabis-users-an-in-home-unattended-polysomnographic-study
#13
Lauren R Pacek, Evan S Herrmann, Michael T Smith, Ryan Vandrey
The objective of the study was to describe self-report and objectively measured sleep characteristics of adult treatment-seeking cannabis users. Study participants (n = 87) were adults who were screened for a 12-week outpatient cannabis treatment research program in Baltimore, MD. Participants completed objective and self-report measures of sleep quality. Data were analyzed for the sample overall and after stratifying by sex (54 men, 33 women). Participants were primarily urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777972/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Natalie Cook, Susan Ayers, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.3% of women in pregnancy have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 4% of women postpartum PTSD. The impact of maternal PTSD during the perinatal period (from conception until one year postpartum) on child outcomes has not been systematically examined. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize and critically evaluate quantitative research investigating the association between perinatal PTSD and child outcomes. Databases EMBASE, BNI, Medline, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777828/depression-anxiety-and-smartphone-addiction-in-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jocelyne Matar Boumosleh, Doris Jaalouk
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to assess prevalence of smartphone addiction symptoms, and to ascertain whether depression or anxiety, independently, contributes to smartphone addiction level among a sample of Lebanese university students, while adjusting simultaneously for important sociodemographic, academic, lifestyle, personality trait, and smartphone-related variables. METHODS: A random sample of 688 undergraduate university students (mean age = 20.64 ±1.88 years; 53% men) completed a survey composed of a) questions about socio-demographics, academics, lifestyle behaviors, personality type, and smartphone use-related variables; b) 26-item Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI) Scale; and c) brief screeners of depression and anxiety (PHQ-2 and GAD-2), which constitute the two core DSM-IV items for major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777659/baduanjin-exercise-for-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Yun-Han Jiang, Cheng Tan, Shuai Yuan
Background Baduanjin exercise is thought to improve sleep quality and relieve insomnia. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of Baduanjin on the management of insomnia. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.gov, WANFANG, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical and Medical Database (CBM) and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled trials on the efficacy of Baduanjin for insomnia...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777178/sleep-disordered-breathing
#17
Nancy R Foldvary-Schaefer, Tina E Waters
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-disordered breathing encompasses a broad spectrum of sleep-related breathing disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, as well as sleep-related hypoventilation and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria have been updated in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Manual for Scoring Sleep and Associated Events. Neurologic providers should have basic knowledge and skills to identify at-risk patients, as these disorders are associated with substantial morbidity, the treatment of which is largely reversible...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776939/the-relationship-between-restless-legs-syndrome-and-bronchial-asthma
#18
Adil Can Güngen, Belma Güngen, Yusuf Aydemir, Yeşim Guzey Aras, Hikmet Çoban, Hasan Düzenli
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome(RLS) is associated with sleep disorders. However, although sleep disturbance is prevalent in people with asthma, an insufficient number of studies have investigated the relationship between asthma and RLS. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the extent of the presence of RLS, and the factors related to RLS, in people with asthma. METHODS: A total of 84 people with asthma and 51 healthy volunteers were enrolled...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776933/factors-affecting-fatigue-severity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Soo A Kim, Brian B Koo, Do Eui Kim, Young Hwangbo, Kwang Ik Yang
OBJECTIVES: A limited number of studies have investigated the relationships among fatigue, insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This study evaluated the factors affecting fatigue severity in patients with OSA. METHODS: We investigated 633 OSA patients who were diagnosed by polysomnography. All patients completed sleep questionnaires including self-reported sleep duration, the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), the Korean version of Epworth Sleepiness Scale (K-ESS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Korean version of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (K-PSQI) and Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-2)...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776718/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-electing-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#20
Adam S DeConde, Jess C Mace, Vijay R Ramakrishnan, Jeremiah A Alt, Timothy L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) can be managed with appropriate continued medical therapy (CMT) or surgery followed by CMT. Patients who initially elect CMT and do not experience adequate symptom resolution may "cross over" to endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Our objective was to identify patient covariates associated with this subset of patients who elect this change in treatment modality. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospective, multi-center cohort of adult patients with CRS enrolled between March 2011 and June 2015 in academic, tertiary referral clinics...
August 4, 2017: Laryngoscope
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