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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667452/the-feasibility-of-employing-a-home-healthcare-model-for-education-and-treatment-of-opioid-overdose-using-a-naloxone-auto-injector-in-a-private-practice-pain-medicine-clinic
#1
Anthony Dragovich, Fred Brason, Thomas Beltran, Amy McCoart, Anthony R Plunkett
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine if employing a home healthcare model for education and treatment of opioid overdose using Evzio® (Naloxone)* auto-injector in a private practice pain clinic. METHODS: A prospective survey was used to determine the feasibility of integrating a naloxone auto-injector within the patient's home with a home care training model. Twenty moderate or high-risk patients were enrolled from our chronic pain clinic. Patients who were moderate or high risk completed an evaluation survey...
April 18, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667140/multidisciplinary-management-of-pyogenic-spondylodiscitis-epidemiological-and-clinical-features-prognostic-factors-and-long-term-outcomes-in-207-patients
#2
Enrico Pola, F Taccari, G Autore, F Giovannenze, V Pambianco, R Cauda, G Maccauro, M Fantoni
PURPOSE: Pyogenic spondylodiscitis (PS) is a potentially life-threatening infection burdened by high morbidity rates. Despite the rising incidence, the proper management of PS is still controversial. Aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of PS and to evaluate the prognostic factors and the long-term outcomes of a large population of patients. METHODS: 207 cases of PS treated from 2008 to 2016 with a 2-year follow-up were enrolled. Clinical data from each patient were recorded...
April 17, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665487/application-of-the-kinetic-and-isotherm-models-for-better-understanding-of-the-behaviors-of-silver-nanoparticles-adsorption-onto-different-adsorbents
#3
REVIEW
Achmad Syafiuddin, Salmiati Salmiati, Jonbi Jonbi, Mohamad Ali Fulazzaky
It is the first time to do investigation the reliability and validity of thirty kinetic and isotherm models for describing the behaviors of adsorption of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) onto different adsorbents. The purpose of this study is therefore to assess the most reliable models for the adsorption of AgNPs onto feasibility of an adsorbent. The fifteen kinetic models and fifteen isotherm models were used to test secondary data of AgNPs adsorption collected from the various data sources. The rankings of arithmetic mean were estimated based on the six statistical analysis methods of using a dedicated software of the MATLAB Optimization Toolbox with a least square curve fitting function...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662728/breastfeeding-and-weaning-practices-in-urban-slums-of-southern-punjab-pakistan
#4
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662022/parental-opinions-and-attitudes-about-children-s-vaccination-safety-in-silesian-voivodeship-poland
#5
Bogumiła Braczkowska, Małgorzata Kowalska, Kamil Barański, Maksymilian Gajda, Tomasz Kurowski, Jan E Zejda
Despite mandatory vaccinations in Poland, the final decision on vaccination in children is taken by their parents or legal guardians. Understanding parents' attitudes and opinions regarding vaccinations is essential for planning and undertaking extensive and properly targeted educational actions aimed at preventing their hesitancy. In 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted in the Silesian Voivodeship (Poland) in 11 randomly selected educational institutions. The authors' self-administered questionnaire contained 24 mixed-type questions...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661088/perceived-versus-actual-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-by-race-and-ethnicity
#6
Kyeongra Yang, Lynn M Baniak, Christopher C Imes, JiYeon Choi, Eileen R Chasens
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine associations between perceived risk and actual risk of type 2 diabetes by race and/or ethnicity. Methods The study sample included 10 999 adults from the 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Sociodemographic, clinical, and behavioral data were collected using interviews and physical examinations. Participants were asked if they felt at risk for diabetes or prediabetes and then asked the reasons why. Data analyses were conducted with SAS to properly analyze complex survey data...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659418/enhancing-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-cultural-competence-in-a-midwestern-primary-care-clinic-setting
#7
Denise R Felsenstein
The process of initiating lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) cultural competencies and educational interventions developed to increase staff knowledge on LGBT culture and health issues is discussed, including a computer-based module and panel discussion. The module intervention showed a statistically significant increase (p = .033) of staff LGBT knowledge from pretest to posttest scores. An evaluation after the panel discussion showed that 72% of staff indicated they were more prepared for LGBT patient care...
April 13, 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652777/meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-fas-ligand-and-trail-genetic-polymorphisms-and-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-susceptibility-in-chinese-han-population
#8
Xin Huang, Weiyue Zhang, Zengwu Shao
STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis to collect all the relevant studies to further investigate whether or not the FAS ligand (FASL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) genetic polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) in Chinese Han population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether or not the FASL and TRAIL genetic polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to IDD in Chinese Han population...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652762/distribution-and-performance-of-cardiovascular-risk-scores-in-a-mixed-population-of-hiv-infected-and-community-based-hiv-uninfected-individuals-in-uganda
#9
Anthony N Muiru, Prossy Bibangambah, Linda Hemphill, Ruth Sentongo, June-Ho Kim, Virginia A Triant, David R Bangsberg, Alexander C Tsai, Jeffrey N Martin, Jessica E Haberer, Yap Boum, Jorge Plutzky, Peter W Hunt, Samson Okello, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: The utility and validity of CVD risk scores are not well-studied in sub-Saharan Africa. We compared and correlated CVD risk scores with carotid intima media thickness (c-IMT) among HIV-infected and uninfected people in Uganda. METHODS: We first calculated CVD risk using the 1) Framingham laboratory-based score; 2) Framingham non-laboratory score (FRS-BMI); 3) Reynolds risk score; 4) American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association score; and 5) the Data-collection on Adverse Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs score...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652729/anorectal-manometry-may-reduce-the-number-of-rectal-suction-biopsy-procedures-needed-to-diagnose-hirschsprung-s-disease
#10
Rob J Meinds, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether anorectal manometry (ARM), which is used to test the rectoanal inhibitory reflex (RAIR), is a safe alternative for reducing the number of invasive rectal suction biopsy (RSB) procedures needed to diagnose Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Between 2010 and 2017, we prospectively collected the ARM results of 105 patients suspected of having HD. Following the outcome, the patients either underwent additional tests to confirm HD or they were treated conservatively...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652006/comparison-of-interpupillary-distance-and-combined-mesiodistal-width-of-maxillary-central-incisor-teeth-in-two-ethnic-groups-of-northeast-india-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Jogeswar Barman, Sangma Serin
Background: Anthropometric measurements of the face can be used as a guide in selecting proper sized anterior teeth. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the interpupillary distance (IPD) and the combined mesiodistal width of maxillary central incisors (MDW of MCIs) to establish their morphometric criterion and their significance in two ethnic groups of Northeast India. Methodology: A total of 120 participants consisting of 60 indigenous students each from Assam and Meghalaya in the age group of 18-25 years were selected after taking their written consent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629279/effects-of-education-on-low-phosphate-diet-and-phosphate-binder-intake-to-control-serum-phosphate-among-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Eunsoo Lim, Sunah Hyun, Jae Myeong Lee, Seirhan Kim, Min-Jeong Lee, Sun-Mi Lee, Ye-Sung Oh, Inwhee Park, Gyu-Tae Shin, Heungsoo Kim, Donald E Morisky, Jong Cheol Jeong
Background: For phosphate control, patient education is essential due to the limited clearance of phosphate by dialysis. However, well-designed randomized controlled trials about dietary and phosphate binder education have been scarce. Methods: We enrolled maintenance hemodialysis patients and randomized them into an education group (n = 48) or a control group (n = 22). We assessed the patients' drug compliance and their knowledge about the phosphate binder using a questionnaire...
March 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#13
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626496/coaching-positively-influences-the-effects-of-working-memory-training-on-visual-working-memory-as-well-as-mathematical-ability
#14
Michel Nelwan, Constance Vissers, Evelyn H Kroesbergen
The goal of the present study was to test whether the amount of coaching influenced the results of working memory training on both visual and verbal working memory. Additionally, the effects of the working memory training on the amount of progress after specific training in mathematics were evaluated. In this study, 23 children between 9 and 12 years of age with both attentional and mathematical difficulties participated in a working memory training program with a high amount of coaching, while another 25 children received no working memory training...
April 4, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626398/measuring-hospital-performance-using-mortality-rates-an-alternative-to-the-ramr
#15
Christine Pitocco, Thomas R Sexton
BACKGROUND: The risk-adjusted mortality rate (RAMR) is used widely by healthcare agencies to evaluate hospital performance. The RAMR is insensitive to case volume and requires a confidence interval for proper interpretation, which results in a hypothesis testing framework. Unfamiliarity with hypothesis testing can lead to erroneous interpretations by the public and other stakeholders. We argue that screening, rather than hypothesis testing, is more defensible. We propose an alternative to the RAMR that is based on sound statistical methodology, easier to understand and can be used in large-scale screening with no additional data requirements...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625055/an-integrated-tcga-pan-cancer-clinical-data-resource-to-drive-high-quality-survival-outcome-analytics
#16
Jianfang Liu, Tara Lichtenberg, Katherine A Hoadley, Laila M Poisson, Alexander J Lazar, Andrew D Cherniack, Albert J Kovatich, Christopher C Benz, Douglas A Levine, Adrian V Lee, Larsson Omberg, Denise M Wolf, Craig D Shriver, Vesteinn Thorsson, Hai Hu
For a decade, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) program collected clinicopathologic annotation data along with multi-platform molecular profiles of more than 11,000 human tumors across 33 different cancer types. TCGA clinical data contain key features representing the democratized nature of the data collection process. To ensure proper use of this large clinical dataset associated with genomic features, we developed a standardized dataset named the TCGA Pan-Cancer Clinical Data Resource (TCGA-CDR), which includes four major clinical outcome endpoints...
April 5, 2018: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622297/-big-data-in-rheumatology-intelligent-data-modeling-improves-the-quality-of-imaging-data
#17
REVIEW
Robert B M Landewé, Désirée van der Heijde
Analysis of imaging data in rheumatology is a challenge. Reliability of scores is an issue for several reasons. Signal-to-noise ratio of most imaging techniques is rather unfavorable (too little signal in relation to too much noise). Optimal use of all available data may help to increase credibility of imaging data, but knowledge of complicated statistical methodology and the help of skilled statisticians are required. Clinicians should appreciate the merits of sophisticated data modeling and liaise with statisticians to increase the quality of imaging results, as proper imaging studies in rheumatology imply more than a supersensitive imaging technique alone...
May 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621996/magnitude-and-factors-associated-with-adherence-to-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-among-pregnant-women-in-eritrean-refugee-camps-northern-ethiopia
#18
Mekdemariam Getachew, Mebrahtu Abay, Hiwet Zelalem, Tirhas Gebremedhin, Teklit Grum, Alemayehu Bayray
BACKGROUND: Globally, anemia is a public health problem affecting the life of more than two billion people. Pregnant women are at high risk of iron deficiency anemia due to increased nutrient requirement during pregnancy. Iron-folic acid supplementation is the main strategy for prevention and control of iron deficiency anemia and its effectiveness depends on adherence to Iron-Folic Acid tablets. In the refugee camps of Ethiopia, despite the efforts made to reduce iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy, information about adherence to iron-folic acid supplementation and its associated factors are lacking...
April 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620051/manipulation-free-cultures-of-human-ipsc-derived-cardiomyocytes-offer-a-novel-screening-method-for-cardiotoxicity
#19
Sheeja Rajasingh, Dona Greta Isai, Saheli Samanta, Zhi-Gang Zhou, Buddhadeb Dawn, William H Kinsey, Andras Czirok, Johnson Rajasingh
Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based cardiac regenerative medicine requires the efficient generation, structural soundness and proper functioning of mature cardiomyocytes, derived from the patient's somatic cells. The most important functional property of cardiomyocytes is the ability to contract. Currently available methods routinely used to test and quantify cardiomyocyte function involve techniques that are labor-intensive, invasive, require sophisticated instruments or can adversely affect cell vitality...
April 5, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619267/improving-the-classification-accuracy-for-near-infrared-spectroscopy-of-chinese-salvia-miltiorrhiza-using-local-variable-selection
#20
Lianqing Zhu, Haitao Chang, Qun Zhou, Zhongyu Wang
In order to improve the classification accuracy of Chinese Salvia miltiorrhiza using near-infrared spectroscopy, a novel local variable selection strategy is thus proposed. Combining the strengths of the local algorithm and interval partial least squares, the spectra data have firstly been divided into several pairs of classes in sample direction and equidistant subintervals in variable direction. Then, a local classification model has been built, and the most proper spectral region has been selected based on the new evaluation criterion considering both classification error rate and best predictive ability under the leave-one-out cross validation scheme for each pair of classes...
2018: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
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