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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647982/-impact-of-diabetes-prevalence-and-mortality-on-health-life-expectancy-among-residents-in-zhejiang-province
#1
R Y Hu, F R Fei, J Pan, X Y Wang, H Wang, H B Wu, M Wang, W W Gong
Objective: To evaluate the impact of diabetes prevalence and mortality on health life expectancy (HLE). Methods: A cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy method was used to quantitatively analyze the impact of diabetes on HLE and the composition of health life losses (HLL), using the integrated data on population mortality, self-assessed health status and diabetes prevalence. Results: The HLE for people aged 15 was 55.80 in Zhejiang, in 2013. After removing the diabetes morbidity and mortality, the HLE for men aged 15 increased by 0...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647860/sub-optimal-testing-and-awareness-of-hcv-and-hbv-among-high-risk-individuals-at-an-underserved-safety-net-hospital
#2
Robert J Wong, Brendan Campbell, Benny Liu, Rachel Baden, Taft Bhuket
Sub-optimal screening for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) among high risk groups delays diagnosis and treatment. We aimed to evaluate overall rates of HCV and HBV screening and patient knowledge of their testing result. Adults age ≥18 years undergoing elective outpatient endoscopy at a large, urban safety-net hospital from July 2015 to July 2016 were prospectively evaluated to determine rates of HCV and HBV testing, the results of those completed tests, and patient knowledge of test results among high risk individuals (as determined by U...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647843/alarming-increase-in-the-registration-of-degenerative-rotator-cuff-related-lesions-a-nationwide-epidemiological-study-investigating-244-519-patients
#3
Nina Monrad, Ann Ganestam, Thomas Kallemose, Kristoffer Weisskirchner Barfod
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Shoulder lesions are common and a challenge to diagnose. They often result in significant disability for the patient and are an economic burden to society. From recent studies, an increasing incidence has been reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate and map the incidence of shoulder lesions in Denmark from 1996 to 2013 with focus on sex, age and geographical area. METHODS: The Danish National Patient Registry was searched retrospectively to find the number of shoulder lesions in Denmark during the period 1996-2013...
June 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647827/association-between-cd4-viral-load-and-pulmonary-function-in-hiv
#4
Marjan Islam, Navitha Ramesh, Samuel Kolman, Sanjana Koshy, Matthew Frank, Nadim Salomon, Albert Miller, Mary Harris
PURPOSE: The antiretroviral therapy era has shifted the epidemiology of HIV-associated diseases, increasing the recognition of non-infectious pulmonary complications secondary to HIV. We aimed to determine the association between CD4(+), viral load, and pulmonary function in individuals with uncontrolled HIV, and determine how changes in these parameters are associated with pulmonary function longitudinally. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of individuals with HIV who underwent pulmonary function testing in an urban medical center between August 1997 and November 2015...
June 24, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647681/daily-associations-between-cannabis-motives-and-consumption-in-emerging-adults
#5
Erin E Bonar, Jason E Goldstick, R Lorraine Collins, James A Cranford, Rebecca M Cunningham, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of cannabis use among emerging adults is a growing public health problem. Intensive longitudinal data can provide information on proximal motives for cannabis use, which can inform interventions to reduce use among emerging adults. METHOD: As part of a larger longitudinal study, patients aged 18-25 years (N=95) recruited from an urban Emergency Department completed daily text message assessments of risk behaviors for 28days, including daily cannabis quantity and motives...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647643/cognitive-functioning-among-dutch-older-adults-do-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-and-urbanity-matter
#6
Jonathan Wörn, Lea Ellwardt, Marja Aartsen, Martijn Huisman
Positive associations of neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics and older adults' cognitive functioning have been demonstrated in previous studies, but overall results have been mixed and evidence from European countries and particularly the Netherlands is scarce. We investigated the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and urbanity of neighborhoods on four domains of cognitive functioning in a sample of 985 Dutch older adults aged 65-88 years from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. Besides cross-sectional level differences in general cognitive functioning, processing speed, problem solving and memory, we examined cognitive decline over a period of six years...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647622/risk-factors-for-unsuccessful-acetabular-press-fit-fixation-at-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Urban Brulc, Vane Antolič, Blaž Mavčič
BACKGROUND: Surgeon at primary total hip arthroplasty sometimes cannot achieve sufficient cementless acetabular press-fit fixation and must resort to other fixation methods. Despite a predominant use of cementless cups, this issue is not fully clarified, therefore we performed a large retrospective study to: 1) identify risk factors related to patient or implant or surgeon for unsuccessful intraoperative press-fit, 2) check for correlation between surgeons' volume of operated cases and the press-fit success rate...
June 21, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647513/respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-weather-conditions-and-air-pollution-in-an-italian-urban-area-an-observational-study
#8
Raffaella Nenna, Melania Evangelisti, Antonella Frassanito, Carolina Scagnolari, Alessandra Pierangeli, Guido Antonelli, Ambra Nicolai, Serena Arima, Corrado Moretti, Paola Papoff, Maria Pia Villa, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: In this study we sought to evaluate the association between viral bronchiolitis, weather conditions, and air pollution in an urban area in Italy. METHODS: We included infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis from 2004 to 2014. All infants underwent a nasal washing for virus detection. A regional agency network collected meteorological data (mean temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity) and the following air pollutants: sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, benzene and suspended particulate matter measuring less than 10µm (PM10) and less than 2...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647446/social-and-geographic-determinants-of-hysterectomy-in-ontario-a-population-based-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#9
Innie Chen, Michelle R Wise, Sheila Dunn, Geoffrey Anderson, Naushaba Degani, Guylaine Lefebvre, Arlene S Bierman
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether social factors (neighbourhood education and income) and geographic factors (urban or rural dwelling and local service area) are associated with hysterectomy rates, proportion of hysterectomies performed minimally invasively, and hysterectomy complication and readmission rates in Ontario. METHODS: The Canadian Institute for Health Information Discharge Abstract Database was used to perform a population-based retrospective cross-sectional study on women who had an abdominal, vaginal, and laparoscopic hysterectomy in 2007 for benign gynaecologic conditions in hospitals in Ontario, Canada...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647258/influence-of-haze-pollution-on-water-soluble-chemical-species-in-pm2-5-and-size-resolved-particles-at-an-urban-site-during-fall
#10
Geun-Hye Yu, Yan Zhang, Sung-Yong Cho, Seungshik Park
To investigate the influence of haze on the chemical composition and formation processes of ambient aerosol particles, PM2.5 and size-segregated aerosol particles were collected daily during fall at an urban site of Gwangju, Korea. During the study period, the total concentration of secondary ionic species (SIS) contributed an average of 43.9% to the PM2.5, whereas the contribution of SIS to the PM2.5 during the haze period was 62.3%. The NO3(-) and SO4(2-) concentrations in PM2.5 during the haze period were highly elevated, being 13...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647233/evaluation-of-bacterial-pathogen-diversity-abundance-and-health-risks-in-urban-recreational-water-by-amplicon-next-generation-sequencing-and-quantitative-pcr
#11
Qijia Cui, Tingting Fang, Yong Huang, Peiyan Dong, Hui Wang
The microbial quality of urban recreational water is of great concern to public health. The monitoring of indicator organisms and several pathogens alone is not sufficient to accurately and comprehensively identify microbial risks. To assess the levels of bacterial pathogens and health risks in urban recreational water, we analyzed pathogen diversity and quantified four pathogens in 46 water samples collected from waterbodies in Beijing Olympic Forest Park in one year. The pathogen diversity revealed by 16S rRNA gene targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) showed that 16 of 40 genera and 13 of 76 reference species were present...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647148/monolithic-capillary-column-with-an-integrated-electrochemical-detector
#12
Martina Komendová, Radovan Metelka, Jiří Urban
The carbon fiber and silver microwire were used as working and pseudoreference electrode, respectively, and inserted into the ending of capillary to prepare monolithic capillary column with an integrated electrochemical detector. Prepared capillary devices offered stable and robust results with relative standard deviations of retention, resolution, and detection signal lower than 1.5, 5.5, and 5.0%, respectively. To further increase sensitivity of developed electrochemical microdetector, multiple pulse amperometry detection mode has been used...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647128/seasonal-dynamics-of-adult-dermacentor-reticulatus-in-a-peri-urban-park-in-southern-europe
#13
Emanuela Olivieri, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Fabrizia Veronesi, Maria Teresa Manfredi
Studies on the human-biting pathogen vectors Dermacentor reticulatus and Ixodes ricinus have been scarce in southern Europe. The aims of the present study were to determine the abundance of these ticks in a peri-urban park in northern Italy, describe the seasonal activity of D. reticulatus and examine the correlation between tick occurrence and environmental factors. Ticks were collected monthly from April 2015 to May 2016 using both dragging and flagging techniques. Various climatic variables (mean temperature, relative humidity and evapotranspiration for the collection dates; and 30-day moving averages preceding each collection date were calculated for rainfall, temperature, relative humidity and saturation deficit) also were recorded...
June 15, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646886/implementation-science-for-ambulatory-care-safety-a-novel-method-to-develop-context-sensitive-interventions-to-reduce-quality-gaps-in-monitoring-high-risk-patients
#14
Kathryn M McDonald, George Su, Sarah Lisker, Emily S Patterson, Urmimala Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Missed evidence-based monitoring in high-risk conditions (e.g., cancer) leads to delayed diagnosis. Current technological solutions fail to close this safety gap. In response, we aim to demonstrate a novel method to identify common vulnerabilities across clinics and generate attributes for context-flexible population-level monitoring solutions for widespread implementation to improve quality. METHODS: Based on interviews with staff in otolaryngology, pulmonary, urology, breast, and gastroenterology clinics at a large urban publicly funded health system, we applied journey mapping to co-develop a visual representation of how patients are monitored for high-risk conditions...
June 24, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646774/observations-of-black-carbon-aerosols-characteristics-over-an-urban-environment-radiative-forcing-and-related-implications
#15
Samina Bibi, Khan Alam, Farrukh Chishtie, Humera Bibi, Said Rahman
With observations of black carbon (BC) aerosol concentrations, optical and radiative properties were obtained over the urban city of Karachi during the period of March 2006-December 2008. BC concentrations were continuously measured using an Aethalometer, while optical and radiative properties were estimated through the Optical Properties of Aerosols and Clouds (OPAC) and Santa Barbra DISORT Atmospheric Radiative Transfer (SBDART) models, respectively. For the study period, the measured BC concentrations were higher during January, February and November, while lower during May, June, July and August...
June 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646769/health-benefit-from-decreasing-exposure-to-heavy-metals-and-metalloid-after-strict-pollution-control-measures-near-a-typical-river-basin-area-in-china
#16
Suzhen Cao, Xiaoli Duan, Yingqun Ma, Xiuge Zhao, Yanwen Qin, Yan Liu, Sai Li, Binghui Zheng, Fusheng Wei
The metal(loid) pollution still is a great concern due to the effects from urbanization and industrialization. While, the health risks from the toxic metal(loid)s could decrease if strict pollution control measures were adopted. However, few studies to date investigate the health risks of heavy metal(loid)s in a systematic river basin for the dependent residents, after taking pollution control measures. Thus, the contents of metal(loid)s (Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Mn, As) in surface water along a typical river basin were investigated in this study, and the potential non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic health risks posed to the residents were assessed...
June 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646768/source-profiling-of-arsenic-and-heavy-metals-in-the-selangor-river-basin-and-their-maternal-and-cord-blood-levels-in-selangor-state-malaysia
#17
Nobumitsu Sakai, Zohour Alsaad, Nguyen Thi Thuong, Kenji Shiota, Minoru Yoneda, Mustafa Ali Mohd
Arsenic and 5 heavy metals (nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead) were quantitated in surface water (n = 18) and soil/ore samples (n = 45) collected from 5 land uses (oil palm converted from forest, oil palm in peat swamp, bare land, quarry and forest) in the Selangor River basin by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Geographic information system (GIS) was used as a spatial analytical tool to classify 4 land uses (forest, agriculture/peat, urban and bare land) from a satellite image taken by Landsat 8...
June 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646739/contribution-of-pharmaceuticals-and-personal-care-products-ppcps-to-whole-toxicity-of-water-samples-collected-in-effluent-dominated-urban-streams
#18
Ikumi Tamura, Yusuke Yasuda, Kei-Ichiro Kagota, Saori Yoneda, Norihide Nakada, Vimal Kumar, Yutaka Kameda, Kumiko Kimura, Norihisa Tatarazako, Hiroshi Yamamoto
Water samples were collected from effluent-dominated urban streams in Tokushima, Kyoto, and Saitama in Japan to roughly determine the contribution of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) and surfactants to whole toxicity of the water. Approximately 100 PPCPs including anionic surfactants such as linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS), were chemically analyzed. Using 14 water samples, chronic or sub-chronic toxicity tests were conducted on three aquatic species, the green alga Raphidocelis subcapitata, the cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia, and the zebrafish Danio rerio...
June 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646717/comprehending-the-multiple-values-of-green-infrastructure-valuing-nature-based-solutions-for-urban-water-management-from-multiple-perspectives
#19
T C Wild, J Henneberry, L Gill
The valuation of urban water management practices and associated nature-based solutions (NBS) is highly contested, and is becoming increasingly important to cities seeking to increase their resilience to climate change whilst at the same time facing budgetary pressures. Different conceptions of 'values' exist, each being accompanied by a set of potential measures ranging from calculative practices (closely linked to established market valuation techniques) - through to holistic assessments that seek to address wider concerns of sustainability...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646696/occurrence-of-the-most-common-helminth-infections-among-children-in-the-eastern-slovak-republic
#20
Jana Pipiková, Ingrid Papajová, Jindřich Šoltys, Ingrid Schusterová
OBJECTIVES: Ascariasis, trichuriasis and hymenolepiasis occur primarily within poor communities with low hygiene standards. This study examined the occurrence of intestinal helminth infections among children living in two counties (Košice and Prešov) in the Eastern Slovak Republic. STUDY DESIGN: Four hundred and twenty-six children were divided into groups according to ethnicity (non-Roma and Roma), age, sex, urban/rural residency and county of residence. METHODS: Stool samples collected from participants were processed by formalin-ethyl acetate sedimentation and examined microscopically...
June 21, 2017: Public Health
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