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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098836/association-of-school-environment-and-after-school-physical-activity-with-health-related-physical-fitness-among-junior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#1
Kai-Yang Lo, Min-Chen Wu, Shu-Chin Tung, City C Hsieh, Hsueh-Hua Yao, Chien-Chang Ho
The relationship between students' school environment and exercise habits is complex, and is affected by numerous factors. However, the few studies that have been conducted on this relationship have reported inconsistent results, especially regarding Taiwanese students. We conducted this cross-sectional study to investigate the association of school environment and after-school physical activity with health-related physical fitness in Taiwanese adolescents. Data were drawn from a national survey conducted by the Ministry of Education in Taiwan in 2008 of health-related physical fitness measurements among junior high school students (649,442 total) in grades seven to nine...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098542/detection-of-vaccinia-virus-in-urban-domestic-cats-brazil
#2
Galileu Barbosa Costa, Júlia Bahia Miranda, Gregório Guilherme Almeida, Jaqueline Silva de Oliveira, Mariana Siqueira Pinheiro, Stefanne Aparecida Gonçalves, Jenner Karlisson Pimenta Dos Reis, Ricardo Gonçalves, Paulo César Peregrino Ferreira, Cláudio Antônio Bonjardim, Jônatas Santos Abrahão, Erna Geessien Kroon, Giliane de Souza Trindade
We investigated possible vaccinia virus (VACV) in urban house cats in Brazil. Serum samples from 6 cats were positive for VACV by PCR, indicating likely VACV circulation among house cats in urban areas of Brazil. This finding highlights the importance of epidemiologic surveillance to avoid outbreaks among urban human populations.
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098262/quantification-of-the-sources-and-composition-of-particulate-matter-by-field-deployable-mass-spectrometry-implications-for-air-quality-and-public-health
#3
Patrick L Hayes
Airborne particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) negatively impacts air quality in cities throughout the world where it has been linked to increased cardiac and respiratory morbidity and mortality. For this reason PM2.5 standards have been established by many countries and the World Health Organization. However, these guidelines are regularly exceeded in North America, Europe and East Asia. While PM2.5 is often reported as a single atmospheric species, it is actually a mixture of organic and inorganic compounds...
January 18, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098080/access-to-healthcare-among-the-empowered-action-group-eag-states-of-india-current-status-and-impeding-factors
#4
Virendra Kumar, Pushpendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Access to healthcare is crucial for meeting the health needs of Indians. We explored factors impeding access to public sources of healthcare among the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states of India. We also examined the extent to which Indians depend on public and private sources of healthcare in the EAG states. METHODS: Our study is based on the unit-level records of 9988 ailing persons, who were surveyed among the EAG states in the 71st round of the National Sample Survey (NSS), conducted during January-June 2014 on the theme 'Social consumption: Health'...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098046/monitoring-the-effects-of-iodine-prophylaxis-in-the-adult-population-of-southern-italy-with-deficient-and-sufficient-iodine-intake-levels-a-cross-sectional-epidemiological-study
#5
Daniela Bonofiglio, Stefania Catalano, Anna Perri, Marta Santoro, Lorenza Siciliano, Danilo Lofaro, Massimiliano Gallo, Stefania Marsico, Rosalinda Bruno, Cinzia Giordano, Ines Barone, Sebastiano Andò
I prophylaxis is the most effective strategy to eradicate I deficiency disorders, but it has been shown to affect the thyroid disease pattern. In this study, we assessed the frequency of thyroid disorders in an adult population living in two areas of southern Italy after implementing I prophylaxis. To this aim, a cross-sectional, population-based study including 489 subjects from an I-deficient rural and an I-sufficient urban area of southern Italy was conducted. Thyroid ultrasound was performed on all participants, and urine and blood samples were collected from each subject...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097899/the-need-for-narrative-reflection-and-experiential-learning-in-medical-education-a-lesson-learned-through-an-urban-indigenous-health-elective
#6
Lindsay S Herzog
In this personal view article, I discuss a formative experience I had during an Urban Indigenous Health elective in which I participated while in my final year of medical school. The elective was developed on the foundation of an experiential learning model, which is central to Indigenous pedagogy and emphasizes learning through experience and narrative reflection. By transforming medical education into a place where such concepts are integrated and valued, I argue that we will create physicians who are self-aware, compassionate and able to provide culturally safe care to all patient populations they will serve in their future practices...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097471/experiences-and-perceptions-regarding-clinical-breast-exam-screening-by-trained-laywomen-in-malawi
#7
Racquel E Kohler, Anna R Miller, Lily Gutnik, Clara N Lee, Satish Gopal
PURPOSE: Despite the increasing burden, breast cancer control in sub-Saharan Africa is insufficient. Late diagnosis and lack of early detection and screening services contribute to high mortality. Clinical breast exam (CBE) screening can be valuable in low-income countries, including use of community health workers and non-health professionals to conduct exams. We assessed experiences of women who underwent CBE screening by trained laywomen in Lilongwe, Malawi, as part of a pilot program...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096978/carriage-of-antibiotic-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-hospitalised-children-in-tertiary-hospitals-in-harare-zimbabwe
#8
Marcelyn T Magwenzi, Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Hilda A Mujuru, Mutsa Dangarembizi-Bwakura, Valerie Robertson, Alexander M Aiken
BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing and gentamicin resistant Enterobacteriaceae are increasingly recognised as a major cause of infection in low-income countries. We assessed the prevalence of gastrointestinal carriage of these bacteria in hospitalised children in Harare, Zimbabwe. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study in paediatric inpatients at two tertiary-referral hospitals between May and July 2015. Rectal swabs and faecal samples were collected within 24 h of admission and further follow-up samples were collected on alternate days during hospitalization...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096858/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-jiroft-kerman-province-iran
#9
Maryam Barkhori Mahni, Mostafa Rezaeian, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Ahmad Raeisi, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Fatemeh Tarighi, Bahare Kamranrashani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal parasitic infections have a worldwide distribution. High prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in individuals with low socioeconomic status and environmental conditions was found. No study has ever been conducted on the prevalence of these infections in Jiroft. Therefore, in this study prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections was evaluated in Jiroft, Kerman Province, Iran. METHODS: A total of 1060 individuals from rural and urban areas of Jiroft were sampled accidentally, during 2013-2014...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#10
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096145/association-of-household-wealth-index-educational-status-and-social-capital-with-hypertension-awareness-treatment-and-control-in-south-asia
#11
Rajeev Gupta, Manmeet Kaur, Shofiqul Islam, Viswanathan Mohan, Prem Mony, Rajesh Kumar, Vellappillil Raman Kutty, Romaina Iqbal, Omar Rahman, Mohan Deepa, Justy Antony, Krishnapillai Vijaykumar, Khawar Kazmi, Rita Yusuf, Indu Mohan, Raja Babu Panwar, Sumathy Rangarajan, Salim Yusuf
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension control rates are low in South Asia. To determine association of measures of socioeconomic status (wealth, education, and social capital) with hypertension awareness, treatment, and control among urban and rural subjects in these countries we performed the present study. METHODS: We enrolled 33,423 subjects aged 35-70 years (women 56%, rural 53%, low-education status 51%, low household wealth 25%, low-social capital 33%) in 150 communities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh during 2003-2009...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095971/associations-of-undiagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-with-depression-an-australian-population-study
#12
Carol J Lang, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, R Doug McEvoy, Andrew D Vincent, Gary A Wittert, Sean A Martin, Janet F Grant, Anne W Taylor, Nicholas Antic, Peter G Catcheside, Robert J Adams
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and/or excessive daytime sleepiness are associated with symptomatic depression in Australian men. METHODS: Participants were randomly selected, urban community dwelling men aged 40 to 88 y without a prior diagnosis of OSA. Clinically significant depressive symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory-1A or Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (2007-2010)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095905/imputing-hiv-treatment-start-dates-from-routine-laboratory-data-in-south-africa-a-validation-study
#13
Mhairi Maskew, Jacob Bor, Cheryl Hendrickson, William MacLeod, Till Bärnighausen, Deenan Pillay, Ian Sanne, Sergio Carmona, Wendy Stevens, Matthew P Fox
BACKGROUND: Poor clinical record keeping hinders health systems monitoring and patient care in many low resource settings. We develop and validate a novel method to impute dates of antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation from routine laboratory data in South Africa's public sector HIV program. This method will enable monitoring of the national ART program using real-time laboratory data, avoiding the error potential of chart review. METHODS: We developed an algorithm to impute ART start dates based on the date of a patient's "ART workup", i...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095471/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-prehypertension-and-hypertension-in-southern-china
#14
Lihua Hu, Xiao Huang, Chunjiao You, Juxiang Li, Kui Hong, Ping Li, Yanqing Wu, Qinhua Wu, Huihui Bao, Xiaoshu Cheng
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the prevalence and risk factors of prehypertension and hypertension in Jiangxi Province, China. Individuals with prehypertension frequently progress into hypertension and are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease and stroke. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 15,296 participants (15 years or older) was conducted in Jiangxi Province, China, in 2013, using questionnaire forms and physical measurements. RESULTS: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension was 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095405/defining-the-risk-of-zika-and-chikungunya-virus-transmission-in-human-population-centers-of-the-eastern-united-states
#15
Carrie A Manore, Richard S Ostfeld, Folashade B Agusto, Holly Gaff, Shannon L LaDeau
The recent spread of mosquito-transmitted viruses and associated disease to the Americas motivates a new, data-driven evaluation of risk in temperate population centers. Temperate regions are generally expected to pose low risk for significant mosquito-borne disease; however, the spread of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) across densely populated urban areas has established a new landscape of risk. We use a model informed by field data to assess the conditions likely to facilitate local transmission of chikungunya and Zika viruses from an infected traveler to Ae...
January 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095072/parental-coping-depressive-symptoms-and-children-s-asthma-control-and-school-attendance-in-low-income-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-urban-families
#16
Erin M Rodríguez, Harsha Kumar, Juliana Alba-Suarez, Lisa Sánchez-Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Low-income urban children of color are at elevated risk for poor asthma control. This cross-sectional study examined associations among parents' coping (primary control, secondary control, and disengagement), parental depressive symptoms, and children's asthma outcomes (asthma control and school attendance) in a predominantly low-income, racially/ethnically diverse sample of families. METHODS: Parents (N = 78; 90% female) of children (33% female; 46% Black; 38% Latino) ages 5 to 17 years old (M = 9...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095063/early-primary-care-follow-up-after-ed-and-hospital-discharge-does-it-affect-readmissions
#17
Sanjai Sinha, Joanna Seirup, Amanda Carmel
OBJECTIVES: After hospitalization, timely discharge follow-up has been linked to reduced readmissions in the heart failure population, but data from general inpatients has been mixed. The objective of this study was to determine if there was an association between completed follow-up appointments within 14 days of hospital discharge and 30-day readmission amongst primary care patients at an urban academic medical center. Index discharges included both inpatient and emergency room settings...
January 17, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094923/effect-of-e-waste-recycling-on-urinary-metabolites-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-and-plasticizers-and-their-association-with-oxidative-stress
#18
Shaoyou Lu, Yanxi Li, Tao Zhang, Dan Cai, Jujun Ruan, Mingzhi Huang, Lei Wang, JianQing Zhang, Rong-Liang Qiu
In this study, three chlorinated (Cl-mOPs) and five nonchlorinated (NCl-mOPs) organophosphate metabolites were determined in urine samples collected from participants living in electronic waste (e-waste) dismantling area (n = 175) and two reference areas (rural: n = 29; urban: n = 17) in southern China. Bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate [BCEP, geometric mean (GM): 0.72 ng/mL] was the most abundant Cl-mOP, and diphenyl phosphate (DPHP, 0.55 ng/mL) was the most abundant NCl-mOP. The GM concentrations of mOPs in the e-waste dismantling sites were higher than those in the rural control site...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094859/hair-nicotine-concentration-measurement-in-cats-and-its-relationship-to-owner-reported-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#19
V A Smith, A R McBrearty, D G Watson, D J Mellor, S Spence, C Knottenbelt
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hair nicotine concentration in cats and owner-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Owner questionnaires documented exposure. Nicotine was extracted from hair by sonification in methanol followed by hydrophilic interaction chromatography with mass spectrometry. Relationships between hair nicotine concentration and owner-reported exposure were examined using hypothesis-testing statistics and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094785/high-resolution-african-population-projections-from-radiative-forcing-and-socio-economic-models-2000-to-2100
#20
Niklas Boke-Olén, Abdulhakim M Abdi, Ola Hall, Veiko Lehsten
For its fifth assessment report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change divided future scenario projections (2005-2100) into two groups: Socio-Economic Pathways (SSPs) and Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Each SSP has country-level urban and rural population projections, while the RCPs are based on radiative forcing caused by greenhouse gases, aerosols and associated land-use change. In order for these projections to be applicable in earth system models, SSP and RCP population projections must be at the same spatial scale...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Data
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