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Hypopharynx tumors metastasis neck

L Jiang, J L Lou, K J Wang, M Y Fang, Z F Fu
Objective: To investigate the value of planned neck dissection combined with induction chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy in regional control and the outcome of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study totally enrolled sixty-four patients of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas(include oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx) in stages Ⅳa-Ⅳb with lymph node metastase was were N2-N3. All patients firstly received 2-3 cycles of induction chemotherapy(ICT), then divided into two groups randomly, according to the efficacy of ICT...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
H D Zhang, S C Gong, Y Q Liu, L J Liang, S B He, Q X Zhang, M Y Si, Z K Yu
Objective: To investigate the significance of circulating tumor cells (CTC) in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). Methods: Twenty-four patients with HNSCC treated between October 2016 and July 2017 in our department were selected (experimental group), including 23 males and 1 females, aged 47-81 years. There were 14 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of larynx and 10 cases of hypopharynx, including I-Ⅱ stage (5 cases) and Ⅲ- Ⅳ stage (19 cases). All patients were primary and/or relapsed after treatment...
January 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Julie C Nienstedt, Cornelia Schroeder, Till Clauditz, Ronald Simon, Guido Sauter, Adrian Muenscher, Marco Blessmann, Henning Hanken, Christina Pflug
BACKGROUND: Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), the catalytic subunit of the polycomb repressive complex 2, plays an important role in tumor development and progression by interacting with histone and non-histone proteins. EZH2 represents a putative therapeutic target and has been suggested as a prognostic marker in several cancer types. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study investigates the prognostic relevance of immunohistochemical EZH2 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma...
March 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
D Rivière, J Mancini, L Santini, A Giovanni, P Dessi, N Fakhry
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of lymph-node metastasis after total laryngectomy or total pharyngolaryngectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective single-center series of 136 successive patients undergoing total laryngectomy or total pharyngolaryngectomy with neck dissection for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx. RESULTS: The primary site was laryngeal in 110 cases and hypopharyngeal in 26. In 63 patients, surgery was first-line treatment; 73 were operated on for recurrence...
December 22, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Rabie M Shanti, Bert W O'Malley
Today, most head and neck cancer subsites, such as the larynx, hypopharynx, nasopharynx, and oropharynx, are treated with radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy as a primary treatment modality. Surgery is reserved for the salvage of recurrent tumors that occur within the head and neck in the absence of distant (ie, lung, liver) metastasis. However, unlike all other head and neck subsites, oral cancer should ideally be managed with primary surgery with the possibility of adjuvant radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy depending on the presence of certain high-risk pathologic features...
January 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Lalee Varghese, John Mathew, Subhashini John, Anand Job
INTRODUCTION: Radical laryngeal surgeries for extensive laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors often require a permanent tracheostomy, which has an immense impact on the quality of life of patients. A minimally invasive technique such as transoral laser microresection (TLM) followed by radiotherapy can preserve the functions of the voice and swallowing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of laser debulking in the treatment of carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx, to evaluate the response of the tumor to subsequent radiotherapy, and also to assess the usefulness of laser in avoiding tracheostomy and functional preservation of the voice and swallowing...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
David I Rosenthal, Abdallah S R Mohamed, Adam S Garden, William H Morrison, Adel K El-Naggar, Mona Kamal, Randal S Weber, Clifton D Fuller, Lester J Peters
PURPOSE: To present the long-term and final report of a phase 3 trial designed to assess dose-response relationship for postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) and pathologic risk groups in head and neck cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients who underwent primary surgery for American Joint Committee on Cancer stage III or IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx and who required PORT were eligible. Patients' primary sites and involved necks were independently assigned to higher- or lower-risk categories based on a cumulative point score representing increasing risk of recurrence...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Korinna Jöhrens, Ioannis Anagnostopoulos, Steffen Dommerich, Jan Dirk Raguse, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Frederick Klauschen, Katharina Stölzel
The receptor for hyaluronan-mediated motility CD168 is associated with the processes of oncogenesis and metastasis. The objective of the present study was to determine the possible association between the expression and distribution of CD168 and the tumor stage of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tumor samples obtained from 100 patients during primary resection of SCC from the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx or larynx were included in the present study. The patients were divided into two risk groups: Low risk, representing the early stage of completely resected SCCs with good-to-moderate differentiation, and the high-risk group, representing the advanced stage SCCs with positive resection margins, vascular invasion or locoregional metastasis...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Mitsutoshi Ooishi, Atsushi Motegi, Mitsuhiko Kawashima, Satoko Arahira, Sadamoto Zenda, Naoki Nakamura, Takaki Ariji, Sunao Tokumaru, Minoru Sakuraba, Makoto Tahara, Ryuichi Hayashi, Tetsuo Akimoto
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head and neck cancer by investigating the patterns of failure after this therapy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed. RESULTS: Between March 2006 and December 2013, 122 consecutive patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were treated by surgery followed by postoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy. In regard to the site of the primary tumor, 59 (48%) patients had cancer of the oral cavity, 31 (26%) patients had cancer of the hypopharynx, 14 (11%) patients had cancer of the oropharynx, 10 (8%) patients had cancer of the larynx and 8 (7%) patients had cancer of unknown primary...
October 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Naoya Murakami, Fumihiko Matsumoto, Seiichi Yoshimoto, Yoshinori Ito, Taisuke Mori, Takao Ueno, Keisuke Tuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Kazuma Kobayashi, Ken Harada, Mayuka Kitaguchi, Shuhei Sekii, Rei Umezawa, Kana Takahashi, Koji Inaba, Hiroshi Igaki, Jun Itami
BACKGROUND: The radiation field for patients with postoperative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is narrower in our institution than in Western countries to reduce late radiation related toxicities. This strategy is at a risk of loco-regional or distant metastasis. However, because patients are more closely checked than in Western countries by every 1 to 2 months intervals and it is supposed that regional recurrences are identified and salvage surgeries are performed more quickly...
March 7, 2016: BMC Cancer
Giulio Illuminati, Fabrice Schneider, Antonio Minni, Francesco G Calio, Giulia Pizzardi, Jean-Baptiste Ricco
OBJECTIVE: The management of patients with recurrent neck cancer invading the carotid artery is controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate overall survival rate, primary patency of vascular reconstructions, and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) after en bloc resection of the carotid artery and tumor with in-line polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) carotid grafting, followed by radiotherapy. METHODS: From 2000 to 2014, 31 consecutive patients with recurrent neck cancer invading the carotid artery underwent en bloc resection and simultaneous carotid artery reconstruction with a PTFE graft, which was associated in 18 cases with a myocutaneous flap...
May 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Wenling Su, De'an Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of the free radial forearm flap on repairing tissue defects and reconstructing functions after tumor resection.
 METHODS: From January, 2003 to December, 2011, 70 patients, including 43 squamous cell carcinomas of tongue, 12 buccal cancers, 5 carcinomas of the soft palate, 4 basal cell carcinomas of external nose, 3 lower lip cancers, 2 upper lip cancers, and 1 posterior wall of hypopharynx carcinoma, with the soft tissue defects in the head and neck underwent reconstructive operations with the free radial forearm flap after the malignant tumor resection...
October 2015: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Xin Lian, Wenyue Ji
OBJECTIVE: Study the clinical characteristics, treatment results and prognostic factors of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. MMETHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed of 97 hypopharyngeal cases that were treated in Department of Dtolaryngology of our hospital from January 2008 to December 2012. 93 cases of them are male patients, and 4 cases are female patients. The tumors are originated from pyriform sinus(75 cases), posterior pharyngeal wall (16 cases) and post-cricoid area (6 cases)...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Tomasz Rowicki, Mirosława Pietniczka-Załęska
Only a small number of cases of myiasis have been previously reported in patients with a head and neck malignancy; most of these occurred in patients with primary or metastatic skin cancer. We report a case of massive Lucilia sericata myiasis in the neck of a 57-year-old man with primary squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx that metastasized to the neck lymph nodes. The neck disease manifested as necrosis and skin involvement. Clinical examination revealed an extensive wound within the neck tumor at levels II and V on the right that was heavily infested with maggot larvae...
April 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Zoltán Takácsi-Nagy, Erika Hitre, Éva Remenár, Ferenc Oberna, Csaba Polgár, Tibor Major, Mária Gödény, János Fodor, Miklós Kásler
PURPOSE: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is the standard treatment for advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. In this phase II randomized study, the efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil induction chemotherapy (ICT) followed by concurrent CRT was compared with those after standard CRT alone in patients with locally advanced, unresectable head and neck cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and June 2009, 66 patients with advanced (stage III or IV) unresectable squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx) were randomly assigned to two groups: one receiving two cycles of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil ICT followed by CRT with three cycles of cisplatin and one treated by CRT alone...
August 2015: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Jeon Yeob Jang, Min Ji Kim, Gwanghui Ryu, Nayeon Choi, Young-Hyeh Ko, Han-Sin Jeong
PURPOSE: Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is a strong prognostic factor in many solid cancers, including head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), and LNM can be dependent upon primary tumor biology, as well as tumor dimension. Here, we investigate the relative risk of LNM in accordance to tumor dimension and biology in HNSCC subsites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical data of 295 HNSCC patients who had undergone the initial curative surgery (oral tongue 174, oropharynx 75, hypopharynx 46) were analyzed to identify the significant predictive factor for LNM...
January 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Satish Nair, Sharad Mohan, Ajith Nilakantan, Atul Gupta, Akshat Malik, Abhishek Gupta
The efficacy of the whole body (WB) (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) as a part of conventional initial staging in all cases of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still controversial with various studies in literature giving contradictory reports. We conducted this study at a government tertiary care oncology center in India to identify the impact of WB (18)F-FDG PET-CT scan on HNSCC staging and treatment. A prospective clinical study of patients of HNSCC who were evaluated and treated at our center was performed...
January 2015: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Dirk Van Gestel, Danielle Van den Weyngaert, Geert De Kerf, Bie De Ost, Olivier Vanderveken, Carl Van Laer, Pol Specenier, Yasmyne Geussens, Kristien Wouters, Els Meulemans, Kin Jip Cheung, Vincent Grégoire, Jan B Vermorken
BACKGROUND: We report on a retrospective analysis of 147 patients with early and locoregionally advanced squamous cell head and neck cancer (SCCHN) treated with helical tomotherapy (HT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Included were patients with SCCHN of the oral cavity (OC), oropharynx (OP), hypopharynx (HP), or larynx (L) consecutively treated in one radiotherapy center in 2008 and 2009. The prescribed HT dose was 60-66 Gy in the postoperative setting (group A) and 66-70 Gy when given as primary treatment (group B)...
March 2015: Oncologist
Ryusuke Imai, Yukinori Takenaka, Toshimichi Yasui, Susumu Nakahara, Yoshifumi Yamamoto, Atsushi Hanamoto, Norihiko Takemoto, Takahito Fukusumi, Hironori Cho, Masashi Yamamoto, Hidenori Inohara
CONCLUSIONS: Serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) level was an independent prognostic factor for survival in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), and the prognostic value depended on the carcinoma site. OBJECTIVES: To assess the value of SCC-Ag as a prognostic indicator in patients with HNSCC and to determine the effect of primary tumor site on prognosis. METHODS: We reviewed 493 patients with HNSCC between 2004 and 2012...
March 2015: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Shu-Hang Ng, Chien-Yu Lin, Sheng-Chieh Chan, Yu-Chun Lin, Tzu-Chen Yen, Chun-Ta Liao, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Sheung-Fat Ko, Hung-Ming Wang, Chee-Jen Chang, Jiun-Jie Wang
The clinical usefulness of pretreatment imaging techniques for predicting neck control in patients with oropharyngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OHSCC) treated with chemoradiation remains unclear. In this prospective study, we investigated the role of pretreatment dynamic contrast-enhanced perfusion MR imaging (DCE-PWI), diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI), and [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET)/CT derived imaging markers for the prediction of neck control in OHSCC patients treated with chemoradiation...
2014: PloS One
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