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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784040/antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-patients-with-infection-at-tikur-anbessa-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Sileshi Tadesse, Haile Alemayehu, Admasu Tenna, Getachew Tadesse, Tefaye Sisay Tessema, Workineh Shibeshi, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens of public health importance responsible for various forms of infection. Development of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials limited treatment options against infections due to this pathogen. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with surgical site infection and ear infection and corresponding nasal swab was investigated in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780265/does-focused-and-dedicated-teaching-improve-the-confidence-of-gp-trainees-to-diagnose-and-manage-common-acute-ent-pathologies-in-primary-care
#2
Vikas Acharya, Matthew Haywood, Naomi Kokkinos, Anisha Raithatha, Sinthuja Francis, Rishi Sharma
Background: General practitioners (GPs) are key members of the health care profession who are required to have a considerable breadth of knowledge to manage and treat patients effectively in the community. Their skills and experience varies depending on the medical school they attended and their foundation training and specialist GP training schemes. Exposure to ear, nose, and throat (ENT)-specific pathology is often insufficient due to the lack of formal otolaryngology rotations, minimal relevant teaching opportunities, and inconsistencies in curricula, despite ENT-related pathology presentations being one of the commonest consultations in primary care...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779419/an-evaluation-of-hearing-in-infants-administered-with-colistin-in-the-premature-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
Selman Sarıca, Sadık Yurttutan
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of colistin on hearing by evaluating the otoacoustic emission tests and clinical auditory brainstem responses in preterm infants treated with colistin in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHOD: The study included 30 neonates (male: n = 16, female: n = 14) born before 37 weeks who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam Medical Faculty between January 2014 and January 2015 and who were treated with colistin during their time in intensive care because of infection...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747245/undergraduate-ear-nose-and-throat-training-how-do-we-inspire-the-next-generation
#4
Bhavesh Vijay Tailor
Historically, ENT has been a very competitive surgical specialty. In recent years, the number of applicants to higher surgical ENT training has been in decline. This is not surprising, given that the proportion of foundation doctors directly entering specialty training has fallen from 71.3% in 2011 to 42.6% in 2017. If this continues, there is a real possibility of under-filling training posts, which would be a setback to the British Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (ENT-UK) recommendation for an expansion of the specialist workforce...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739652/prolonged-length-of-stay-for-acute-hospital-admissions-as-the-increasing-of-age-a-nationwide-population-study-for-taiwan-s-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Kuo-Liang Chiang, Chin-Yin Huang, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Fang-Chuan Kuo
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating reasons for the admission and the associated lengths of stay (LOSs) among cerebral palsy (CP) patients are limited. This study determined common reasons for acute hospitalizations and the LOSs among children, adolescents, and young adults with CP. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data. CP patients aged 4-32.9 years were identified by CP registry in the catastrophic illness patient registry of the 2010 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
April 12, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726431/telemedicine-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-diseases-in-children
#6
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
The purpose of this study was to review different telemedicine services in diagnosis, treatment and management of various children diseases and providing an overview of systematic reviews conducted in this regard. We searched English articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 to 2016. We found that tele-pediatric services have been reported in various areas such as cardiology, burn, diabetes, obesity, emergency medicine, speech and hearing loss, Ear, Nose and Throat, psychology and psychiatry, radiology, oncology, home healthcare, asthma, genetics and dentistry...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725412/locally-advanced-laryngeal-cancer-total-laryngectomy-or-primary-non-surgical-treatment
#7
Aleš Čoček, Miloslav Ambruš, Alena Dohnalová, Martin Chovanec, Martina Kubecová, Kateřina Licková
Between January 1997 and December 2013, the Charles University 3rd Medical School and Royal Vinohrady Teaching Hospital Ear, Nose and Throat oncology team treated 185 patients with advanced laryngeal cancer, which, from a surgical perspective, required a total laryngectomy. Overall, ~70% of these patients (n=129) underwent conventional treatment (i.e., total laryngectomy with post-operative radiotherapy), and ~30% (n=56) were treated with larynx preservation protocols (including primary radiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, or primary chemoradiotherapy)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719797/convex-probe-endobronchial-ultrasound-for-thyroid-biopsy-a-new-hybrid-method
#8
Konstantinos Sapalidis, Christoforos Kosmidis, Stella Laskou, Paul Zarogoulidis, Ilias Karapantzos, Chrysa Karapantzou, Anastasios Kallianos, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Michael Karanikas, Vasilis Thomaidis, Haidong Huang, Chong Bai, Isaak Kesisoglou
Nowadays we use novel diagnostic equipment for lung cancer. Bronchoscopy was the tip of the arrow for diagnosis, however; ultrasound systems have brought a revolution. We have the radial-endobronchial ultrasound for peripheral lesions and the convex probe endobronchial ultrasound for central lesions. Ultrasound endoscopic systems can be used for the diagnosis of any lesion that can be approached from the airways. In the current manuscript we will present two methods for the biopsy of thyroid gland. The first method is using anesthisiological tools and the second tools from the ear, nose and throat department...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717291/evaluation-of-pain-following-the-use-of-scalpel-versus-diathermy-for-skin-incision-in-ear-nose-throat-and-head-and-neck-surgeries
#9
Diva Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown the benefits of diathermy over scalpel for making skin incisions in terms of post operative pain and post operative analgesics requirement. The objective of the study is to compare the pain following incision by scalpel and diathermy for skin in ENT surgery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized study and compared early post operative pain and analgesics requirement in patients undergoing ENT and Head and Neck surgery in Department of ENT at Kathmandu Medical College from September 2016 to August 2017...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705010/changes-in-macular-vasculature-after-uncomplicated-phacoemulsification-surgery-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study
#10
Zhennan Zhao, Wen Wen, Chunhui Jiang, Yi Lu
PURPOSE: To use optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography and a split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography algorithm to evaluate the changes in the macular vascular system after uncomplicated phacoemulsification. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Eye and and Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients with senile cataracts were included...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701753/medical-history-medication-use-and-risk-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#11
Xiling Xiao, Zhe Zhang, Ellen T Chang, Zhiwei Liu, Qing Liu, Yonglin Cai, Guomin Chen, Qi-Hong Huang, Shang-Hang Xie, Su-Mei Cao, Jian-Yong Shao, Wei-Hua Jia, Yuming Zheng, Jian Liao, Yufeng Chen, Longde Lin, Ingemar Ernberg, Guangwu Huang, Yi Zeng, Yi-Xin Zeng, Hans-Olov Adami, Weimin Ye
Because persistent inflammation may render the nasopharyngeal mucosa susceptible to carcinogenesis, chronic ear/nose/throat (ENT) disease and its treatment might influence the risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Existing evidence is, however, inconclusive and often based on methodologically suboptimal epidemiologic studies. In a population-based case-control study in southern China, we enrolled 2532 NPC cases and 2597 controls aged 20-74 years from 2010 to 2014. Odds ratios were estimated for associations between NPC risk and history of ENT and related medications...
April 26, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692907/screening-of-nasal-carriage-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-during-admission-of-patients-to-frantz-fanon-hospital-blida-algeria
#12
Mohamed Amine Ouidri
A study was performed of Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains isolated from nasal preoperative samples. Of 663 samples assessed, staphylococcus was detected in 143 (21.57%). The disc diffusion method (cefoxitin 30 μg), a screening test (oxacillin 6 μg/mL) and a search for Protein Binding Additional Penicillin 2 (PLP2a) allowed the detection and confirmation of resistance to methicillin for 36 strains, a rate of 5.43% of the total population studied. Eight MRSA carriers received care in the trauma service, 14 in cardiology, five in ear, nose and throat, four in neurosurgery and paediatrics, and one in SCI...
May 2018: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688570/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-chemotherapy-reveals-a-combined-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-cartilage-hair-hypoplasia
#13
Alexandre Nguyen, Nicolas Martin Silva, Hubert de Boysson, Gandhi Damaj, Achille Aouba
Cartilage hair hypoplasia (CHH) is a rare autosomal recessive ribosomopathy characterised by skeletal and integumentary system manifestations. It may also present with varied forms and intensities of haematopoietic and/or immune disorders. We report a 27-year-old female who presented a picture of combined immunodeficiency after receiving an adriamycin-based chemotherapy regimen followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. Her medical history indicated neonatal dwarfism, recurrent ear, nose and throat and respiratory infections, and hypogammaglobulinaemia, which were suggestive of a primary minor B-cell immune deficiency...
April 24, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687523/safety-of-anesthesia-for-children-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-a-retrospective-analysis-of-54-patients
#14
Vittorio Scaravilli, Alberto Zanella, Valentina Ciceri, Mariagrazia Bosatra, Claudia Flandoli, Alessia La Bruna, Simone Sosio, Rossella Parini, Serena Gasperini, Antonio Pesenti, Alessandra Moretto
BACKGROUND: Complications are common during anesthesia for patients with mucopolysaccharidoses. San Gerardo Hospital (Italy) is a reference center for mucopolysaccharidoses with a dedicated pediatric anesthesia service. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the safety of anesthesia for mucopolysaccharidoses patients, describe their anesthetic management at our institution, and assess risk factors for complications. METHODS: The anesthetic charts of mucopolysaccharidoses patients admitted from January 1999 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
April 23, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685599/hypoparathyroidism-in-total-thyroidectomy-due-to-benign-thyroid-diseases
#15
Burak Ertaş, Bayram Veyseller, Abdullah Karataş, Alper Özdilek, Remzi Doğan, Orhan Ozturan
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare the effects of exposing the recurrent laryngeal nerve throughout its entire course with exposing the nerve only at its entry to the larynx in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy due to benign thyroid diseases, and to evaluate the effects of these methods on the risk for hypoparathyroidism. METHODS: The medical records of 437 patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy at the ear, nose, and throat clinic between 2001 and 2015 for benign thyroid diseases were evaluated retrospectively...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672709/surveillance-of-travel-associated-diseases-at-two-referral-centres-in-marseille-france-a-12-year-survey
#16
Karolina M Griffiths, Hélène Savini, Philippe Brouqui, Fabrice Simon, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
Background: With increasing international travel and historically high numbers of residents visiting friends and relatives overseas, travel-associated illnesses are frequent in Marseille, France. We report the changing epidemiology of travel-related illnesses over a 12-year period. Methods: A single site GeoSentinel surveillance analysis was undertaken for 3460 ill returned travellers presenting to two public hospitals in Marseille, France from March 2003 to October 2015, with travel-related illnesses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668459/mucocele-of-the-paranasal-sinuses-retrospective-analysis-of-a-series-of-seven-cases
#17
Karen B Dzhambazov, Borislav D Kitov, Hristo B Zhelyazkov, Nikoleta I Traykova, Ivo I Kehayov, Tanya T Kitova
AIM: The present study aimed at identifying the risk factors, typical clinical symptoms and applied treatment in seven cases with mucocele of the paranasal sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients suffering from mucocele of the paranasal sinuses were admitted to the Clinic of Neurosurgery and the Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases between 2014 and 2016. There were 4 females and 3 males aged between 22 and 78 (95% CI [31.44, 70.23]). Initial symptoms, their duration, clinical presentation upon admission, localization of the mucocele, type of surgical intervention and outcome have all been studied...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666691/internal-laryngocele-unusual-onset-in-a-91-year-old-female-patient
#18
Maria C Spinosi, Chiara Mezzedimi, Giovanni Monciatti, Desiderio Passali
While internal laryngoceles rarely cause major clinical complaints, they may lead to airway obstruction and require emergency intervention on rare occasions. We report a 91-year-old patient who was referred to the Ear, Nose & Throat Clinic of the Policlinico Santa Maria alle Scotte, Siena, Italy, in 2017 due to recurrent episodes of severe dyspnoea. A flexible nasopharyngolaryngoscopic examination revealed an internal laryngocele of approximately 1.5 cm in diameter that moved up and down the glottic plane, occasionally invading the subglottic space during inspiration and impeding airflow...
February 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644162/clinical-study-on-middle-ear-diseases-in-children-with-orofacial-clefts
#19
Raja Kalaiarasi, Kamran A Syed, Chellappa Vijayakumar, Ajoy M Varghese, Mary John
Introduction Orofacial clefts are associated with middle ear diseases, but the magnitude of this problem is not generally well appreciated. The aim of this study was to describe the middle ear findings and audiological profile in children with orofacial clefts. Materials and methods Children with orofacial clefts attending plastic surgery and otorhinolaryngology departments of a tertiary hospital over one-year duration were included in this study. Ninety-six children with orofacial clefts were identified. They were categorized age-wise as zero to five years, more than five years to 10 years, and more than 10 years to 15 years...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643623/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-infusion-on-hemodynamic-responses-in-microsurgery-of-larynx
#20
Shakuntala Basantwani, Mayuresh Patil, Balasaheb Govardhane, Jyoti Magar, Bharati Tendolkar
Background and Aims: Microlaryngeal surgery is a frequently performed ear, nose, and throat procedure used to diagnose and treat laryngeal disorders. Suspension laryngoscopy causes prolonged stimulation of the deep pressure receptors of the larynx leading to adverse circulatory responses and consequently cardiac complications. In this study, dexmedetomidine infusion was used to assess its effectiveness for attenuation of this hemodynamic stress response. Material and Methods: Sixty patients undergoing elective microlaryngeal surgery randomly received either dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg over 10 min followed by continuous infusion of 0...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
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