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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728404/quality-of-steak-restructured-from-beef-trimmings-containing-microbial-transglutaminase-and-impacted-by-freezing-and-grading-by-fat-level
#1
Supaluk Sorapukdee, Pussadee Tangwatcharin
Objective: The objective of this research was to evaluate the physico-chemical, microbiological and sensorial qualities of restructured steaks processed from beef trimmings (grade I and II) and frozen beef (fresh beef as control and frozen beef). Method: Beef trimmings from commercial butcher were collected, designated into 4 treatments differed in beef trimmings grade and freezing, processed into restructured steaks with 1% microbial transglutaminase and then analyzed product quality...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727552/nonparametric-joint-shape-and-feature-priors-for-image-segmentation
#2
Ertunc Erdil, M Usman Ghani, Lavdie Rada, A Ozgur Argunsah, Devrim Unay, Tolga Tasdizen, Mujdat Cetin
In many image segmentation problems involving limited and low-quality data, employing statistical prior information about the shapes of the objects to be segmented can significantly improve the segmentation result. However, defining probability densities in the space of shapes is an open and challenging problem, especially if the object to be segmented comes from a shape density involving multiple modes (classes). Existing techniques in the literature estimate the underlying shape distribution by extending Parzen density estimator to the space of shapes...
July 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727543/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-radiogenomics-map-identifies-relationships-between-molecular-and-imaging-phenotypes-with-prognostic-implications
#3
Mu Zhou, Ann Leung, Sebastian Echegaray, Andrew Gentles, Joseph B Shrager, Kristin C Jensen, Gerald J Berry, Sylvia K Plevritis, Daniel L Rubin, Sandy Napel, Olivier Gevaert
Purpose To create a radiogenomic map linking computed tomographic (CT) image features and gene expression profiles generated by RNA sequencing for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods A cohort of 113 patients with NSCLC diagnosed between April 2008 and September 2014 who had preoperative CT data and tumor tissue available was studied. For each tumor, a thoracic radiologist recorded 87 semantic image features, selected to reflect radiologic characteristics of nodule shape, margin, texture, tumor environment, and overall lung characteristics...
July 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727438/a-wettability-metric-for-characterization-of-capillary-flow-on-textured-superhydrophilic-surfaces
#4
Taylor P Allred, Justin A Weibel, Suresh V Garimella
Surface wettability is typically characterized by measuring the static contact angle of a sessile droplet placed on the surface. For extremely wetting surfaces on which liquid spontaneously spreads into a thin liquid film, the near-zero static contact angle is not amenable to measurement and does not fully describe the wetting behavior. There are unmet needs in microfluidics, boiling heat transfer enhancement, and anti-fogging applications for a metric to characterize highly wetting (i.e., superhydrophilic) textured surfaces based on their capillary-driven liquid pumping performance, as a supplement to the contact angle for this highly wetting regime...
July 20, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727341/-use-of-trabecular-bone-score-as-a-complementary-approach-to-dxa-for-fracture-risk-assessment-in-clinical-practice
#5
Didier Hans, Enisa Shevroja, Olivier Lamy
Physicians can assess the risk of fracture based on bone density (BMD) and several risk factors. Some of them and BMD are incorporated into FRAX, an assessment tool that estimates the 10-years probability of fracture. BMD didn't take into account the microarchitecture. TBS is a texture parameter related to bone microarchitecture. A low TBS is associated with a history of fracture and the incidence of new fracture independently of BMD, clinical risk factors and FRAX. TBS is yet integrated in the FRAX tool, and this effect is of greatest utility for individuals who are close to an intervention threshold...
April 19, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727286/using-cell-nuclei-features-to-detect-colon-cancer-tissue-in-hematoxylin-and-eosin-stained-slides
#6
Alex Skovsbo Jørgensen, Anders Munk Rasmussen, Niels Kristian Mäkinen Andersen, Simon Kragh Andersen, Jonas Emborg, Rasmus Røge, Lasse Riis Østergaard
Currently, diagnosis of colon cancer is based on manual examination of histopathological images by a pathologist. This can be time consuming and interpretation of the images is subject to inter- and intra-observer variability. This may be improved by introducing a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for automatic detection of cancer tissue within whole slide hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stains. Cancer disrupts the normal control mechanisms of cell proliferation and differentiation, affecting the structure and appearance of the cells...
July 20, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726832/three-dimensional-magnetization-structures-revealed-with-x-ray-vector-nanotomography
#7
Claire Donnelly, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Valerio Scagnoli, Sebastian Gliga, Mirko Holler, Jörg Raabe, Laura J Heyderman
In soft ferromagnetic materials, the smoothly varying magnetization leads to the formation of fundamental patterns such as domains, vortices and domain walls. These have been studied extensively in thin films of thicknesses up to around 200 nanometres, in which the magnetization is accessible with current transmission imaging methods that make use of electrons or soft X-rays. In thicker samples, however, in which the magnetization structure varies throughout the thickness and is intrinsically three dimensional, determining the complex magnetic structure directly still represents a challenge...
July 19, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726709/impact-of-surface-condition-and-roughness-on-sediment-formation-an-experimental-sewer-system-operated-with-real-wastewater
#8
S Berzio, R-L Lange, M Schlüter, S Ulutaş, B Bosseler, M Wichern
Regular sewer cleaning in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) generates annual costs of around 50 million Euros. This leads to the question of whether and to what extent sewer cleaning is necessary. To determine the effect of roughness, sewer surface condition and discharge, experiments with real wastewater were performed, using a sewer test track with acrylic glass tubes (DN 300) prepared with abrasive paper and nature stone tiles at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) Bochum-Ölbachtal (Ruhrverband, Germany)...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726581/phenomenological-modeling-of-reactive-dye-adsorption-onto-fish-scales-surface-in-the-presence-of-electrolyte-and-surfactant-mixtures
#9
C V Neves, F B Scheufele, A P Nardino, M G A Vieira, M G C da Silva, A N Módenes, C E Borba
The aim of this work was an experimental and theoretical investigation of the influence of electrolyte (NaCl) and surfactant (SP), as textile auxiliary agents (TAAs), on the removal of reactive blue 5G dye (RB5G) by applying untreated fish scales (FS) in batch system. For this, kinetic and equilibrium studies were performed aiming the comprehension of the mass transfer mechanisms through a phenomenological modeling. The biosorbent was texturally characterized, not only to investigate the adsorbent's characteristics but especially to support the definition of the assumptions of the models...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724777/speed-invariance-of-tactile-texture-perception
#10
Zoe M Boundy-Singer, Hannes P Saal, Sliman J Bensmaia
The nervous system achieves stable perceptual representations of objects despite large variations in the activity patterns of sensory receptors. Here, we explore perceptual constancy in the sense of touch. Specifically, we investigate the invariance of tactile texture perception across changes in scanning speed. Texture signals in the nerve have been shown to be highly dependent on speed: temporal spiking patterns in nerve fibers that encode fine textural features contract or dilate systematically with increases or decreases in scanning speed, respectively, resulting in concomitant changes in response rate...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723287/advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma-role-of-the-radiologist-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#11
Atul B Shinagare, Katherine M Krajewski, Marta Braschi-Amirfarzan, Nikhil H Ramaiya
For the past decade, advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been at the forefront of oncologic innovation. Our rapidly evolving understanding of the molecular and genetic basis of RCC has revolutionized the management of advanced RCC; 10 novel molecular targeted agents and immune checkpoint inhibitor have received U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for treatment of advanced RCC in a little over a decade. Amid this progress, imaging has assumed a central role in metastatic surveillance and follow-up of advanced RCC...
August 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722752/application-of-a-sensory-instrumental-tool-to-study-apple-texture-characteristics-shaped-by-altitude-and-time-of-harvest
#12
Mathilde Charles, Maria Laura Corollaro, Luigi Manfrini, Isabella Endrizzi, Eugenio Aprea, Angelo Zanella, Luca Corelli Grappadelli, Flavia Gasperi
BACKGROUND: Texture is important in the preferences of apple consumers. Of the pre-harvest factors affecting fruit quality and especially texture, altitude and subsequent climatic conditions are crucial, determining differences in the physiological mechanisms of fruit growth, ripening stage and chemical composition, as demonstrated by several studies. This work applies a detailed sensory-instrumental protocol developed in a previous paper(1) to investigate the impact of altitude, time of harvest and their cross-effect on sensory characteristics of apple, with a focus on texture...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721995/comparative-evaluation-of-laser-microtextured-implant-versus-machined-collar-implant-for-soft-and-hard-tissue-attachment-a-clinical-and-radiological-study
#13
Saroj Kumar Rath, Manab Kosala, Ankit Gupta
BACKGROUND: Various mechanical modifications in the collar region of endosseous implants is a challenge for better performance and osseointegration. Here is a comparative evaluation being carried out to find out the effect of the machined collar (MC) and Laser-Lok (LL)-modified titanium implants on the success of implants being commonly advocated in partially edentulous among serving personnel and their families. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with appropriate inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected for placement of Biohorizons MC and LL implants in 12 cases each...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721625/key-indicator-tools-for-shallow-slope-failure-assessment-using-soil-chemical-property-signatures-and-soil-colour-variables
#14
Rashidi Othman, Shah Irani Hasni, Zainul Mukrim Baharuddin, Khairusy Syakirin Has-Yun Hashim, Lukman Hakim Mahamod
Slope failure has become a major concern in Malaysia due to the rapid development and urbanisation in the country. It poses severe threats to any highway construction industry, residential areas, natural resources and tourism activities. The extent of damages that resulted from this catastrophe can be lessened if a long-term early warning system to predict landslide prone areas is implemented. Thus, this study aims to characterise the relationship between Oxisols properties and soil colour variables to be manipulated as key indicators to forecast shallow slope failure...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720973/functional-and-physicochemical-characteristics-of-cookies-prepared-from-amorphophallus-paeoniifolius-flour
#15
M Suriya, Reshu Rajput, Chagam Koteswara Reddy, Sundaramoorthy Haripriya, Mudasir Bashir
This study was undertaken to prepare novelly formulated cookies from elephant foot yam flour (EFYF) with refined wheat flour (RWF) and evaluate their proximate composition, quality characteristics, texture, pasting and organoleptic properties. The formulated cookies prepared from EFYF, substituting RWF up to 70% had sensory properties similar to that of refined flour cookies (control). EFYF and RWF blend revealed reduced water and oil absorption capacity with increased peak and final viscosities when compared with RWF...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720970/effect-of-rice-bran-oil-spread-on-the-physical-sensory-and-fatty-acid-profile-of-cake
#16
Rizwana Shaik, Aparna Kuna, Mohibbe Azam, Ram Tilathoo, Manorama Kanuri, Geetha Samala
Studies were carried out to replace hydrogenated fat (HF) with rice bran oil (RBO) and two varieties of rice bran oil spread RBOS1 and RBOS2 in the preparation of cake. Physico-chemical properties, sensory properties, scanning electronic microscopic (SEM) study and fatty acid estimation with reference to trans fatty acids of cake made with control and experimental samples were studied. The best acceptable cake among the four i.e., RBOS2 cake was selected for consumer evaluation along with control (HF) cake...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720968/technological-quality-of-dough-and-breads-from-commercial-algarroba-wheat-flour-blends
#17
M J Correa, M V Salinas, B Carbas, C Ferrero, C Brites, M C Puppo
Algarroba flour is used to supplement lysine-limiting systems such as wheat flour due to its amino acidic composition. The effects of adding up to 30% of this flour to wheat flour (W-A30) on dough characteristics and breadmaking performance were studied. Dough rheology was tested by farinograph, oscillatory rheometry and texture profile analyses. Molecular mobility was evaluated by nuclear magnetic resonance, and thermal properties were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry and viscoamylograph studies...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720956/influence-of-sodium-chloride-and-vacuum-impregnation-on-the-quality-and-bioactive-compounds-of-parboiled-glutinous-rice
#18
Patiwit Loypimai, Kulab Sittisuanjik, Anuchita Moongngarm, Wilawan Pimthong
This study investigated the effect of NaCl (2 and 4% (w/v)) and vacuum impregnation (VI) (150, 200, 250, and 300 Pa) on the quality parameters (water uptake, elongation ratio, visual color, and texture), tocols, γ-oryzanol and phenolic compounds of parboiled rice. Parboiling with NaCl and VI resulted in increased lightness and higher concentrations of bioactive compounds than rice parboiled by the traditional method. The highest concentration of tocopherols, γ-oryzanol, and phenolic acids (syringic, and ferulic acids) were obtained from parboiled rice with NaCl concentration at 2% (w/v) and VI at 250 and 300 Pa...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720949/rheological-properties-and-microstructure-of-xylanase-containing-whole-wheat-bread-dough
#19
G Ghoshal, U S Shivhare, U C Banerjee
The present research work was undertaken to investigate the effect of xylanase, produced by Penicillium citrinum, on rheological behavior of whole wheat bread dough at large and small deformation respectively. Dough attributes including textural properties (penetration) and structure related characteristics (oscillatory tests) were evaluated. Change in visco-elastic properties of xylanase containing dough was evaluated by oscillatory and creep measurements. The flow experiments were conducted under steady-state condition with shear rate ranging from 0...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720946/effect-of-partial-replacement-of-porcine-fat-with-pre-emulsified-soybean-oil-using-fish-protein-isolate-as-emulsifier-on-characteristic-of-sausage
#20
Nopparat Cheetangdee
Partial replacement of animal fats with n-3 rich oils is a promising way to improve nutritive value of meat products. In the present work, the effects of porcine fat substitution with soybean oil (SBO) on characteristics of sausages were studied at the oil substitution levels of 25, 35, and 45% by weight of porcine fat. SBO was introduced to the sausages alternatively in native or pre-emulsified forms, the latter with fish protein isolate (FPI) or Na-caseinate (Nc) as emulsifier. Characteristics of the sausages, including cooking loss, water holding capacity, texture attributes, microstructure, and color, were then determined...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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