keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

texture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449229/exposure-to-texture-of-foods-for-8-month-old-infants-does-the-size-of-the-pieces-matter
#1
Saakje P da Costa, Lianne Remijn, Hugo Weenen, Carel Vereijken, Cees van der Schans
The present study examined the effect of meals varying in amount, size, and hardness of food pieces on the development of the chewing capabilities of 8-month-old infants. The study also examined changes in shivering, gagging, coughing, choking, and their ability to eat from a spoon. In an in-home setting two groups were given commercially available infant meals and fruits, purees with either less, smaller and softer or more, larger and harder pieces. Both groups were given these foods for 4 weeks and were monitored several times during this period...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449185/effect-of-oil-and-shortening-in-rice-bread-quality-relationship-between-dough-rheology-and-quality-characteristics
#2
Camino M Mancebo, Mario M Martínez, Cristina Merino, Esther de la Hera, Manuel Gómez
One of the main problems with gluten-free breads is their texture and their rapid staling. Fats are widely used for the improvement of texture and other quality parameters in gluten-free breads. The effect of oil and shortening in rice-breads quality and its correlation with dough rheology has been analysed. The inclusion of oil increased the specific volume of the breads and reduced their hardness, particularly with lower levels of hydration, whereas shortening did not modify specific volume or reduced it when hydration levels were higher...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447801/droplets-on-microdecorated-surfaces-evolution-of-the-polygonal-contact-line
#3
Alok Kumar, Rishi Raj
Interaction of liquids with surfaces is ubiquitous in our physical environment as well as many engineering applications. Recent advances on this topic have not only provided us with valuable insight into nature's design, but also enabled improved fluidic manipulation for liquid-based printing applications such as bio-microarrays for protein and DNA sequencing, multicolor polymer-based LED displays, inkjet printing, and solder droplet printing, among others. For example, droplet contact lines which are typically circular on a smooth and homogenous surface when deposited on a microdecorated surface may take various common polygonal shapes such as squares, rectangles, hexagons, octagons and dodecagons...
April 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447702/structures-in-the-meniscus-of-smectic-membranes-the-role-of-dislocations
#4
M Selmi, J-C Loudet, P V Dolganov, T Othman, P Cluzeau
We report an experimental investigation of the structure of periodic patterns observed in the meniscus of free-standing smectic films. Combination of polarizing optical microscopy and phase shifting interferometry enabled us to obtain new information on the structure of the meniscus, and in particular, on the topography of the smectic-air interface. We investigate the profile of the undulations in the striped structure in the thin part of the meniscus, change of the stripe period with the meniscus thickness and subsequent transition into a two-dimensional structure...
April 27, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446630/texture-based-differences-in-eating-rate-reduce-the-impact-of-increased-energy-density-and-large-portions-on-meal-size-in-adults
#5
Keri McCrickerd, Charlotte Mh Lim, Claudia Leong, Edwin M Chia, Ciaran G Forde
Background: Large portions and high dietary energy density promote overconsumption at meal times. This could be reduced by eating slowly.Objective: Two studies investigated whether texture-based reductions in eating rate and oral processing moderate consumption at breakfast in combination with variations in energy density and portion size.Methods: Adults attended 4 breakfast sessions (2 × 2 repeated-measures design) to consume rice porridge, combining a 45% reduction in eating rate [thin porridge (140 g/min) compared with thick porridge (77 g/min)] with a 77% increase in energy density (0...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445845/the-capacity-and-effectiveness-of-diosmectite-and-charcoal-in-trapping-the-compounds-causing-the-most-frequent-intoxications-in-acute-medicine-a-comparative-study
#6
Michaela Mináriková, Veronika Fojtikova, Eliška Vyskočilová, Jan Sedláček, Milan Šikut, Lucie Borek-Dohalska, Marie Stiborová, Marketa Martinkova
The aim of the study was to compare the adsorption ability of two adsorbent materials, namely diosmectite and activated charcoal towards selected model compounds that are most commonly involved in acute intoxication. Eleven model compounds were selected: acetylsalicylic acid, α-amanitin, amlodipine, digoxin, phenobarbital, ibuprofen, imipramine, carbamazepine, oxazepam, promethazine, and theophylline. Of the tested compounds, promethazine and imipramine were the most effectively adsorbed to diosmectite. Their adsorption to diosmectite (0...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444689/the-young-s-modulus-fracture-stress-and-fracture-strain-of-gellan-hydrogels-filled-with-whey-protein-microparticles
#7
Cherry Wing Yu Lam, Shinya Ikeda
Texture modifying abilities of whey protein microparticles are expected to be dependent on pH during heat-induced aggregation of whey protein in the microparticulation process. Therefore, whey protein microparticles were prepared at either pH 5.5 or 6.8 and their effects on small and large deformation properties of gellan gels containing whey protein microparticles as fillers were investigated. The majority of whey protein microparticles had diameters around 2 μm. Atomic force microscopy images showed that whey protein microparticles prepared at pH 6...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443865/simultaneous-use-of-mofs-mil-101-cr-and-zif-11-in-thin-film-nanocomposite-membranes-for-organic-solvent-nanofiltration
#8
Carlos Echaide-Górriz, Marta Navarro, Carlos Téllez, Joaquín Coronas
The MOFs Cr carboxylate MIL-101(Cr) and Zn imidazolate ZIF-11 have different chemical and textural properties. These properties have been combined to prepare thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration (OSN) with the two MOFs simultaneously embedded in the same membrane. The TFN membrane containing only ZIF-11 permeated faster than that with only MIL-101(Cr) when filtering sunset yellow (SY) (4.9 L m(-2) h(-1) bar(-1)) and acridine orange (AO) (3.2 L m(-2) h(-1) bar(-1)), although MIL-101(Cr) alone gave rise in both cases to better rejections (above 90%)...
April 26, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443694/fractal-features-and-surface-micromorphology-of-unworn-surfaces-of-rigid-gas-permeable-contact-lenses
#9
Ştefan Ţălu, Miroslaw Bramowicz, Slawomir Kulesza, Ilenia Fiorillo, Stefano Giovanzana
PURPOSE: The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate the micromorphology of surfaces of rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lenses (CLs) using atomic force microscopy (AFM) followed by fractal analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to characterize in a quantitative manner the micromorphology of surfaces of new and unworn RGP CLs made of twelve different materials, AFM was taken and then analyzed using fractal methods. Surface topography was sampled in an intermittent-contact mode in air, on square areas of 5 × 5 µm(2) (MultiMode with Nanoscope V (Bruker)...
April 26, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443657/characterization-of-sputter-deposited-licoo2-thin-film-grown-on-nasicon-type-electrolyte-for-application-in-all-solid-state-rechargeable-lithium-battery
#10
Hee-Soo Kim, Yoong Oh, Ki Hoon Kang, Ju Hwan Kim, Joosun Kim, Chong Seung Yoon
All-solid state Li-rechargeable batteries using a 500-nm-thick LiCoO2 (LCO) film deposited on two NASICON-type solid electrolyte substrates: LICGC(TM) (OHARA Inc.) and Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3 (LATP) are constructed. The post-deposition annealing temperature prior to the cell assembly is critical to produce a stable sharp LCO/electrolyte interface and to develop a strong crystallographic texture in the LCO film, conducive to migration of Li ions. Although the cells deliver a limited discharge capacity, the LCO/LATP cell is stably cycled for 50 cycles...
April 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442878/loose-anchoring-of-anagen-hairs-and-pili-torti-due-to-erlotinib
#11
Rodrigo Pirmez, Juan Piñeiro-Maceira, Carmen Gloria Gonzalez, Mariya Miteva
Erlotinib is a selective epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor utilized in the treatment of solid tumors. Cutaneous side effects, including changes in hair texture and alopecia, have been described. In this case report, we describe two patients with a new finding of loose anagen hairs and pili torti leading to nonscarring marginal and diffuse alopecia and discuss potential mechanisms underlying erlotinib-induced hair changes.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442642/vaginal-delivery-of-benzydamine-hydrochloride-through-liposomes-dispersed-in-mucoadhesive-gels
#12
Fatmanur Tuğcu-Demiröz
Liposomal vaginal drug delivery systems are important strategy in the treatment of both topical and systemic diseases. The aim of this study was to development a vaginal delivery system for benzydamine hydrochloride(BNZ) loaded liposomes dispersed into mucoadhesive gels. The delivery system was also designed for a once a day dosage and to obtain controlled release of the BNZ. For this purpose BNZ containing gel formulations using HPMC K100M and Carbopol(®)974P, which are composed of polymers that show promising potential as mucoadhesive vaginal delivery systems, were developed...
April 22, 2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441749/using-wavelet-packet-transform-for-surface-roughness-evaluation-and-texture-extraction
#13
Xiao Wang, Tielin Shi, Guanglan Liao, Yichun Zhang, Yuan Hong, Kepeng Chen
Surface characterization plays a significant role in evaluating surface functional performance. In this paper, we introduce wavelet packet transform for surface roughness characterization and surface texture extraction. Surface topography is acquired by a confocal laser scanning microscope. Smooth border padding and de-noise process are implemented to generate a roughness surface precisely. By analyzing the high frequency components of a simulated profile, surface textures are separated by using wavelet packet transform, and the reconstructed roughness and waviness coincide well with the original ones...
April 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440308/a-variation-code-accounts-for-the-perceived-roughness-of-coarsely-textured-surfaces
#14
James M Goodman, Sliman J Bensmaia
For decades, the dominant theory of roughness coding in the somatosensory nerves posited that perceived roughness was determined by the spatial pattern of activation in one population of tactile nerve fibers, namely slowly adapting type 1 (SA1) afferents. Indeed, the perceived roughness of coarsely textured surfaces tracks the spatial variation in SA1 responses - the degree to which response strength varies across SA1 afferents. However, in a later study, the roughness of a different set of dot patterns was found to be a monotonic function of dot spacing, a result interpreted as evidence that roughness was determined by the strength of SA1 responses - the population firing rate - rather than their spatial layout...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440289/toward-surface-orbitronics-giant-orbital-magnetism-from-the-orbital-rashba-effect-at-the-surface-of-sp-metals
#15
Dongwook Go, Jan-Philipp Hanke, Patrick M Buhl, Frank Freimuth, Gustav Bihlmayer, Hyun-Woo Lee, Yuriy Mokrousov, Stefan Blügel
As the inversion symmetry is broken at a surface, spin-orbit interaction gives rise to spin-dependent energy shifts - a phenomenon which is known as the spin Rashba effect. Recently, it has been recognized that an orbital counterpart of the spin Rashba effect - the orbital Rashba effect - can be realized at surfaces even without spin-orbit coupling. Here, we propose a mechanism for the orbital Rashba effect based on sp orbital hybridization, which ultimately leads to the electric polarization of surface states...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439805/microphytobenthic-biomass-species-composition-and-environmental-gradients-in-the-mangrove-intertidal-region-of-the-andaman-archipelago-india
#16
Janarthanan Balasubramaniam, Dharmaraj Prasath, Kadeparambil Arjunan Jayaraj
Monthly sampling in mangrove intertidal sediments of Andaman Archipelago was carried out during a 1-year study (January to December, 2013) in order to analyse the spatial and temporal distribution of microphytobenthos (MPB) and MPB biomass (sediment chlorophyll-a (chl-a)) in the surficial layer 0-1 cm. The MPB community was mainly composed of diatoms. The MPB biomass concentration in surface sediment (0-1 cm) ranged from 0.7 to 16.98 μg cm(-3). Population density of benthic diatoms varied from 78 to 224 ind cm(-3)...
May 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439768/discrimination-of-wine-lactic-acid-bacteria-by-raman-spectroscopy
#17
Susan B Rodriguez, Mark A Thornton, Roy J Thornton
Species of Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, Oenococcus, and Leuconostoc play an important role in winemaking, as either inoculants or contaminants. The metabolic products of these lactic acid bacteria have considerable effects on the flavor, aroma, and texture of a wine. However, analysis of a wine's microflora, especially the bacteria, is rarely done unless spoilage becomes evident, and identification at the species or strain level is uncommon as the methods required are technically difficult and expensive. In this work, we used Raman spectral fingerprints to discriminate 19 strains of Lactobacillus, Pediococcus, and Oenococcus...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438703/multilayered-membranes-with-tuned-well-arrays-to-be-used-as-regenerative-patches
#18
Nádia I Martins, Maria P Sousa, Catarina A Custódio, Vânia C Pinto, Paulo J Sousa, Graça Minas, Franck Cleymand, João F Mano
Membranes have been explored as patches in tissue repair and regeneration, most of them presenting a flat geometry or a patterned texture at the nano/micrometer scale. Herein, a new concept of a flexible membrane featuring well arrays forming pore-like environments to accommodate cell culture is proposed. The processing of such membranes using polysaccharides is based on the production of multilayers using the layer-by-layer methodology over a patterned PDMS substrate. The detached multilayered membrane exhibits a layer of open pores at one side and a total thickness of 38 ± 2...
April 21, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437133/the-impact-of-the-centrifuge-characteristics-and-centrifugation-protocols-on-the-cells-growth-factors-and-fibrin-architecture-of-a-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-l-prf-clot-and-membrane
#19
David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Nelson R Pinto, Andrea Pereda, Paula Jiménez, Marco Del Corso, Byung-Soo Kang, Mauricio Nally, Nicole Lanata, Hom-Lay Wang, Marc Quirynen
L-PRF (leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin) is one of the four families of platelet concentrates for surgical use and is widely used in oral and maxillofacial regenerative therapies. The first objective of this article was to evaluate the mechanical vibrations appearing during centrifugation in four models of commercially available table-top centrifuges used to produce L-PRF and the impact of the centrifuge characteristics on the cell and fibrin architecture of a L-PRF clot and membrane. The second objective of this article was to evaluate how changing some parameters of the L-PRF protocol may influence its biological signature, independently from the characteristics of the centrifuge...
April 24, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437111/mesostructure-of-mesoporous-silica-anodic-alumina-hierarchical-membranes-tuned-with-ethanol
#20
Silo Meoto, Niall Kent, Michael M Nigra, Marc-Olivier Coppens
Hierarchically structured membranes composed of mesoporous silica embedded inside the channels of anodic alumina (MS-AAM) were synthesized using the aspiration method. Ethanol is shown to have a significant effect on the type and organization of the mesoporous silica phase. Detailed textural analysis revealed that the pore size distribution of the mesoporous silica narrows and the degree of ordering increases, with decreasing ethanol concentration used in the synthesis mixture. The silica mesopores were synthesized with pores as small as 6 nm in diameter, with the channel direction oriented in lamellar, circular and columnar directions, depending on the ethanol content...
April 24, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
keyword
keyword
105890
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"