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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#1
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822582/antibiofilm-properties-of-model-composites-containing-quaternary-ammonium-methacrylates-after-surface-texture-modification
#2
Guilherme Ferreira Rego, Marina Lermen Vidal, Gil Mendes Viana, Lucio Mendes Cabral, Luis Felipe Jochims Schneider, Maristela Barbosa Portela, Larissa Maria Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: Investigate antimicrobial properties and surface texture of model composites with different concentration and alkyl chain length of quaternary ammonium monomers (QAS). METHODS: Monomers derived from QAS salts with alkyl chain lengths of 12 carbons ((dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate) DMADDM) and 16 carbons (dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate-DMAHDM) were obtained from the reactions of their respective organo-halides with the tertiary amine 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA)...
August 16, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821993/segmentation-of-breast-ultrasound-images-based-on-active-contours-using-neutrosophic-theory
#3
Mahsa Lotfollahi, Masoumeh Gity, Jing Yong Ye, A Mahlooji Far
PURPOSE: Ultrasound imaging is an effective approach for diagnosing breast cancer, but it is highly operator-dependent. Recent advances in computer-aided diagnosis have suggested that it can assist physicians in diagnosis. Definition of the region of interest before computer analysis is still needed. Since manual outlining of the tumor contour is tedious and time-consuming for a physician, developing an automatic segmentation method is important for clinical application. METHODS: The present paper represents a novel method to segment breast ultrasound images...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821786/co-registration-of-ex-vivo-surgical-histopathology-and-in-vivo-t2-weighted-mri-of-the-prostate-via-multi-scale-spectral-embedding-representation
#4
Lin Li, Shivani Pahwa, Gregory Penzias, Mirabela Rusu, Jay Gollamudi, Satish Viswanath, Anant Madabhushi
Multi-modal image co-registration via optimizing mutual information (MI) is based on the assumption that intensity distributions of multi-modal images follow a consistent relationship. However, images with a substantial difference in appearance violate this assumption, thus MI directly based on image intensity alone may be inadequate to drive similarity based co-registration. To address this issue, we introduce a novel approach for multi-modal co-registration called Multi-scale Spectral Embedding Registration (MSERg)...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821764/helical-edge-states-and-edge-state-transport-in-strained-armchair-graphene-nanoribbons
#5
Zheng-Fang Liu, Qing-Ping Wu, Ai-Xi Chen, Xian-Bo Xiao, Nian-Hua Liu, Guo-Xing Miao
A helical type edge state, which is generally supported only on graphene with zigzag boundaries, is found to also appear in armchair graphene nanoribbons in the presence of intrinsic spin-orbit coupling and a suitable strain. At a critical strain, there appears a quantum phase transition from a quantum spin Hall state to a trivial insulator state. Further investigation shows that the armchair graphene nanoribbons with intrinsic spin-orbit coupling, Rashba spin-orbit coupling, effective exchange fields and strains also support helical-like edge states with a unique spin texture...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821235/hippocampus-and-amygdala-radiomic-biomarkers-for-the-study-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Ahmad Chaddad, Christian Desrosiers, Lama Hassan, Camel Tanougast
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests the presence of neuroanatomical abnormalities in subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Identifying anatomical correlates could thus prove useful for the automated diagnosis of ASD. Radiomic analyses based on MRI texture features have shown a great potential for characterizing differences occurring from tissue heterogeneity, and for identifying abnormalities related to these differences. However, only a limited number of studies have investigated the link between image texture and ASD...
July 11, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821107/relationship-between-multi-scale-structures-and-properties-of-photophobic-films-based-on-hydroxypropyl-methylcellulose-and-monosodium-phosphate
#7
Liang Zhang, Yan Zhao, Jian-Ya Qian, Shan Jiang, Jun Liu, Xiao-Long He
Photophobic (white) films were prepared with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and monosodium phosphate (NaH2PO4) to overcome the redox reaction induced by titanium dioxide photocatalysis of HPMC/TiO2 white film. What's more, HPMC/NaH2PO4 white film could overcome the drying temperature dependent property of white films based on HPMC and calcium salts. Attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, wide angel X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering, scanning electron microscope and texture analyzer were used to investigate the effect of NaH2PO4 on the short-range, supra-molecular structures and properties of HPMC film...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820921/analysis-of-cone-mosaic-reflectance-properties-in-healthy-eyes-and-in-eyes-with-nonproliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-over-time
#8
Letizia Mariotti, Nicholas Devaney, Giuseppe Lombardo, Marco Lombardo
Purpose: We investigate the reflectance properties of the cone mosaic in adaptive optics (AO) images of healthy subjects and subjects with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) over time. Methods: We acquired images of the parafoveal cone mosaic over 5 years in 12 healthy subjects and in six patients with mild NPDR. We analyzed the parameters of the cone intensity histogram distribution (mean, SD, and skewness), two metrics of the cone mosaic texture (sharpness and entropy), and two novel metrics (cone/intercone intensity and slope of the variogram)...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820288/cohesive-silicone-gel-implants-with-smooth-textured-or-polyurethane-coated-surface-to-restore-volume-in-eviscerated-sockets
#9
Cristiano Abreu, Seizo Yamashita, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Marilia Modolo, Claudia H Pellizzon, Carlos R Padovani, Mariangela E A Marques, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the three different surface coating on cohesive silicone gel implants in eviscerated rabbit eye sockets. Forty-five albino rabbits underwent right eye evisceration and received hemisphere-shaped cohesive silicone gel implants with smooth (Group 1), textured (Group 2), or polyurethane-coated surface (Group 3) in the socket. The animals were euthanized at 7, 30, and 90 days postoperatively. Computed tomography of the orbits was performed prior to euthanasia. Subsequently, the orbital contents were removed and underwent histologic and morphometric examination...
August 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819311/the-mechanism-for-the-different-effects-of-texture-on-yield-strength-and-hardness-of-mg-alloys
#10
Feilong Guo, Huihui Yu, Chenyu Wu, Yunchang Xin, Cong He, Qing Liu
A study regarding the effect of texture on tensile yield strength and hardness of an extruded Mg-15Gd-0.5Zr rod was performed, with a great emphasis laid on the relevant mechanisms. A 7% pre-tension along the extrusion direction (ED) in the solid solution condition was used to transform the texture from a broad distribution of basal poles with a peak approximately 45° with respect to the ED into a texture with basal poles largely perpendicular to the ED. This texture variation enhances the yield strength of peak aged sample by approximately 103 MPa, while hardly increases the peak hardness...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819097/the-non-coding-rna-bc1-regulates-experience-dependent-structural-plasticity-and-learning
#11
Victor Briz, Leonardo Restivo, Emanuela Pasciuto, Konrad Juczewski, Valentina Mercaldo, Adrian C Lo, Pieter Baatsen, Natalia V Gounko, Antonella Borreca, Tiziana Girardi, Rossella Luca, Julie Nys, Rogier B Poorthuis, Huibert D Mansvelder, Gilberto Fisone, Martine Ammassari-Teule, Lutgarde Arckens, Patrik Krieger, Rhiannon Meredith, Claudia Bagni
The brain cytoplasmic (BC1) RNA is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) involved in neuronal translational control. Absence of BC1 is associated with altered glutamatergic transmission and maladaptive behavior. Here, we show that pyramidal neurons in the barrel cortex of BC1 knock out (KO) mice display larger excitatory postsynaptic currents and increased spontaneous activity in vivo. Furthermore, BC1 KO mice have enlarged spine heads and postsynaptic densities and increased synaptic levels of glutamate receptors and PSD-95...
August 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818719/green-approach-for-one-pot-synthesis-of-silver-nanorod-using-cellulose-nanocrystal-and-their-cytotoxicity-and-antibacterial-assessment
#12
Th I Shaheen, Amr Fouda
Herein, this research addresses an innovative approach for one-pot synthesis of highly stabilized silver nanorods in powder form at concentration as high as feasible to be proposed in large-scale production via cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). For the first time, CNC without any surface modification in the presence of alkali is acting as both reducing and stabilizing agent for assembling of Ag nanorods. Extraction of CNC from cotton is carried out as per to acid hydrolysis technique. Thorough assessments of Ag nanorods formation, structural and morphological characteristics of Ag nanorods were investigated by making use of UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM, DLS, AFM and X-ray diffraction(XRD) analysis...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817740/influence-of-microtextured-implant-surfaces-on-peri-implantitis-and-its-treatment-a-preclinical-trial
#13
Juan C Rodriguez, Tapan Koticha, Diana L Eubanks, Ivan Rudek, Fred J Molz, Ludovica Chiavaccini, Andrew Claude, Steven Elder, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: The prevalence of peri-implantitis has increased significantly, forcing clinicians to search for ways to prevent it. Laser-microtextured surfaces promote soft tissue attachment and provide a tight seal around implants. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the clinical, radiographic, and histologic features of ligature-induced peri-implantitis, as well as the effect of surgical treatment of these induced peri-implantitis lesions on laser-microtextured implants in a controlled animal model...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817254/highly-001-textured-tetragonal-bifeo3-film-and-its-photoelectrochemical-behaviors-tuned-by-magnetic-field
#14
Haomin Xu, Yuanhua Lin, Takashi Harumoto, Ji Shi, Ce-Wen Nan
Highly (001)-textured BiFeO3 film in tetragonal phase (T-BFO) with a giant c/a ratio was firstly obtained on quartz/polycrystalline ITO substrate. Our results indicate that the polycrystalline ITO layer with small surface roughness is a critical point to control the growth of T-BFO structure. It should be ascribed to the fact that a Bi-rich phase interlayer (~5 nm) could be formed on ITO, which acted as a crystal seed layer and thus induced the growth of (001)-textured T-BFO structure. The observed weak room temperature ferromagnetism should be attributed to Fe valance change...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817106/ag-coated-heterostructures-of-zno-tio%C3%A2-delaminated-montmorillonite-as-solar-photocatalysts
#15
Carolina Belver, Mariana Hinojosa, Jorge Bedia, Montserrat Tobajas, Maria Ariadna Alvarez, Vicente Rodríguez-González, Juan Jose Rodriguez
Heterostructures based on ZnO-TiO₂/delaminated montmorillonite coated with Ag have been prepared by sol-gel and photoreduction procedures, varying the Ag and ZnO contents. They have been thoroughly characterized by XRD, WDXRF, UV-Vis, and XPS spectroscopies, and N₂ adsorption, SEM, and TEM. In all cases, the montmorillonite was effectively delaminated with the formation of TiO₂ anatase particles anchored on the clay layer's surface, yielding porous materials with high surface areas. The structural and textural properties of the heterostructures synthesized were unaffected by the ZnO incorporated...
August 17, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816914/congenital-hypotonia-in-toddlerhood
#16
Naomi Steiner, Alcy Torres, Arathi Reddy, Marilyn Augustyn
David is a 22-month-old boy who is new to your practice. He recently moved from a rural area in the Midwest. His father is in the United States Air Force, and his mother works as a full-time homemaker. Their household includes 5 older siblings. The family moves every year because of the father's Air Force placement.David was born full-term in Virginia, with no reported pregnancy complications and no alcohol, tobacco, or drug exposure. He was delivered vaginally, with Apgar scores of 7 and 9, respectively and no respiratory issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816460/coexistence-of-pinning-and-moving-on-a-contact-line
#17
Zhengmao Lu, Daniel John Preston, Dion S Antao, Yangying Zhu, Evelyn N Wang
Textured surfaces are instrumental in water repellency or fluid wicking applications, where the pinning and depinning of the liquid-gas interface plays an important role. Previous work showed that a contact line can exhibit non-uniform behavior due to heterogeneities in surface chemistry or roughness. Here, we demonstrate that such non-uniformities can be achieved even without varying the local energy barrier. Around a cylindrical pillar, an interface can reside in an intermediate state where segments of the contact line are pinned to the pillar top while the rest of the contact line moves along the sidewall...
August 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815452/-18-f-fdg-pet-radiomics-approaches-comparing-and-clustering-features-in-cervical-cancer
#18
Tetsuya Tsujikawa, Tasmiah Rahman, Makoto Yamamoto, Shizuka Yamada, Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Yasushi Kiyono, Hirohiko Kimura, Yoshio Yoshida, Hidehiko Okazawa
OBJECTIVES: The aims of our study were to find the textural features on (18)F-FDG PET/CT which reflect the different histological architectures between cervical cancer subtypes and to make a visual assessment of the association between (18)F-FDG PET textural features in cervical cancer. METHODS: Eighty-three cervical cancer patients [62 squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 21 non-SCCs (NSCCs)] who had undergone pretreatment (18)F-FDG PET/CT were enrolled. A texture analysis was performed on PET/CT images, from which 18 PET radiomics features were extracted including first-order features such as standardized uptake value (SUV), metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG), second- and high-order textural features using SUV histogram, normalized gray-level co-occurrence matrix (NGLCM), and neighborhood gray-tone difference matrix, respectively...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815426/identification-and-red-blood-cell-automated-counting-from-blood-smear-images-using-computer-aided-system
#19
Vasundhara Acharya, Preetham Kumar
Red blood cell count plays a vital role in identifying the overall health of the patient. Hospitals use the hemocytometer to count the blood cells. Conventional method of placing the smear under microscope and counting the cells manually lead to erroneous results, and medical laboratory technicians are put under stress. A computer-aided system will help to attain precise results in less amount of time. This research work proposes an image-processing technique for counting the number of red blood cells. It aims to examine and process the blood smear image, in order to support the counting of red blood cells and identify the number of normal and abnormal cells in the image automatically...
August 17, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815412/study-of-the-removal-mechanism-of-aquatic-emergent-pollutants-by-new-bio-based-chars
#20
Maria Manuel Serrano Bernardo, Catarina Alexandra Catanas Madeira, Nuno Carlos Lapa Dos Santos Nunes, Diogo André Costa Messias Dias, Delfina Maria Barbosa Godinho, Maria Filomena de Jesus Pinto, Inês Alexandra Morgado do Nascimento Matos, Ana Paula Batista Carvalho, Isabel Maria de Figueiredo Ligeiro Fonseca
This work is dedicated to study the potential application of char byproducts obtained in the gasification of rice husk (RG char) and rice husk blended with corn cob (RCG char) as removal agents of two emergent aquatic contaminants: tetracycline and caffeine. The chars presented high ash contents (59.5-81.5%), being their mineral content mainly composed of silicon (as silica) and potassium. The samples presented a strong basic character, which was related to its higher mineral oxides content. RCG char presented better textural properties with a higher apparent surface area (144 m(2) g(-1)) and higher micropore content (V micro = 0...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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