Read by QxMD icon Read


Silvia Haindl, Kota Hanzawa, Hikaru Sato, Hidenori Hiramatsu, Hideo Hosono
Oxypnictide thin film growth by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is one of many insufficiently resolved issues in the research of iron-based superconductors. Here we report on the successful realization of superconducting SmO1-xFxFeAs oxypnictide thin film growth by in-situ PLD on CaF2 (fluorite) substrates. CaF2 acts as fluorine supplier by diffusion and thus enables superconducting oxypnictide thin film growth by PLD. Films are grown heteroepitaxially and characteristically have a broad resistive normal-to-superconducting transition...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Wei Tuo, Natascha Leleu-Chavain, John Spencer, Supojjanee Sansook, Regis Millet, Philippe Chavatte
Fatty acid ethanolamides (FAEs) and endocannabinoids (ECs) have been shown to alleviate pain and inflammation, regulate motility and appetite, and produce anti-cancer, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective efficacies via cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) or type 2 (CB2), or via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α) stimulation. FAEs and ECs are synthesized by a series of endogenous enzymes, including N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine-phospholipase D (NAPE-PLD), diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL), or phospholipase C (PLC), and their metabolism is mediated by several metabolic enzymes, including fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), N-acylethanolamine acid amidase (NAAA), or cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Veronika Metlenko, WooChul Jung, Sean R Bishop, Harry L Tuller, Roger A De Souza
Oxygen transport in the mixed ionic-electronic conducting perovskite-oxides SrTi1-yFeyO3-δ (with y = 0.5 and y = 1.0) was studied by oxygen isotope exchange measurements. Experiments were performed on thin-film samples that were grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) on MgO substrates. Isotope penetration profiles were introduced by (18)O2/(16)O2 exchanges into the plane of the films at various temperatures in the range 773 < T/K < 973 at an oxygen activity aO2 = 0.5. Isotope profiles were determined subsequently by Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS), and their analysis yielded tracer diffusion coefficients D* and oxygen surface exchange coefficients k*...
October 17, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
A R L de Aquino, C F W Nonaka, C H P de Carvalho, C F Demeda, L B de Souza, L P Pinto
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) and VEGF receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) and their correlation with intratumoural lymphatic density (ILD) and peritumoural lymphatic density (PLD) in metastatic and non-metastatic lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC). Twenty-five LLSCC with regional nodal metastasis and 25 LLSCC without metastasis were selected. The percentages of VEGF-C and VEGFR-3 staining in each tumour core and at the deep invasive front were assessed...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hedwig M A D'Agnolo, Wietske Kievit, Kim N van Munster, Jouke J H Vd Laan, Frederik Nevens, Joost P H Drenth
BACKGROUND: Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare genetic disorder with progressive cyst growth as the primary phenotype. Therapy consists of volume reduction through invasive surgical or radiological procedures. In order to understand the process of treatment decision, our aim was to identify factors that increased the likelihood of treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a cross-sectional study using an international population of PLD patients. We collected data on the following therapies: liver transplantation, resection, fenestration and aspiration sclerotherapy...
October 12, 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Andrew T Lucas, Taylor F White, Allison M Deal, Leah B Herity, Gina Song, Charlene M Santos, William C Zamboni
The mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) has previously been shown to significantly affect the clearance, tumor delivery, and efficacy of nanoparticles (NPs). This study profiled MPS cell infiltration in murine preclinical tumor models and evaluated how these differences may affect tumor disposition of PEGylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in models sensitive and resistant to PLD. Significant differences in MPS presence existed between tumor types (e.g. ovarian versus endometrial), cell lines within the same tumor type, and location of tumor implantation (i...
October 5, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Bradley J Monk, Andrea Facciabene, William E Brady, Carol Aghajanian, Paula M Fracasso, Joan Walker, Heather A Lankes, Kristi L Manjarrez, Gwenn Danet-Desnoyers, Katherine M Bell-McGuinn, Carolyn K McCourt, Alexander Malykhin, Robert M Hershberg, George Coukos
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy is an emerging paradigm for the treatment of cancer, but the potential efficacy of many drugs cannot be sufficiently tested in the mouse. We sought to develop a rational combination of motolimod-a novel Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) agonist that stimulates robust innate immune responses in humans but diminished responses in mice-with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD), a chemotherapeutic that induces immunogenic cell death. METHODS: We followed an integrative pharmacologic approach including healthy human volunteers, non-human primates, NSG-HIS ("humanized immune system") mice reconstituted with human CD34+ cells, and cancer patients to test the effects of motolimod and to assess the combination of motolimod with PLD for the treatment of ovarian cancer...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Hidenori Kamiguchi, Masashi Yamaguchi, Mika Murabayashi, Ikuo Mori, Akira Horinouchi
Urinary hippuric acid (HA) and phenylacetylglycine (PAG) are biomarker candidates for drug-induced phospholipidosis (PLD). To confirm their utility in preclinical and clinical settings, it is essential to develop and validate their quantification method in advance. In this study, we have applied liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) for simultaneous quantification of HA and PAG in rat urine, and matrix based ion suppression was assessed by post-column infusion assay. Effective sample dilution reduced matrix effect of urine to be negligible level and calibration curves showed good correlation between those in urine diluent and buffer alone...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Robert Hovden, Adam W Tsen, Pengzi Liu, Benjamin H Savitzky, Ismail El Baggari, Yu Liu, Wenjian Lu, Yuping Sun, Philip Kim, Abhay N Pasupathy, Lena F Kourkoutis
Charge-density waves (CDWs) and their concomitant periodic lattice distortions (PLDs) govern the electronic properties in several layered transition-metal dichalcogenides. In particular, 1T-TaS2 undergoes a metal-to-insulator phase transition as the PLD becomes commensurate with the crystal lattice. Here we directly image PLDs of the nearly commensurate (NC) and commensurate (C) phases in thin, exfoliated 1T-TaS2 using atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy at room and cryogenic temperature...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Binglin Li, Jiao Wang, Xiaoli Zhang, Binxia Zhao, Lu Niu
The purely aqueous system of phospholipase D (PLD)-mediated transphosphatidylation using pre-existing carriers for the adsorption of phosphatidylcholine (PC) to act as an "artificial interface" was introduced to replace the liquid-liquid system. Toxic organic solvents are avoided during the reaction, and the free enzyme can be simply reused by centrifugation. Special attention has been paid to the effect of the pore diameter and surface area of silica gel 60H covered with PC molecules on the yield of phosphatidylserine (PS)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yifen Lin, Yixiong Lin, Hetong Lin, John Shi, Yihui Chen, Hui Wang
Effects of propyl gallate on membrane lipids metabolism and its relation to storability of harvested longan fruits were studied. The results showed that the propyl gallate-treated longans maintained lower activities of pericarp phospholipase D (PLD), lipase and lipoxygenase (LOX) than those in control fruits. Such treatments could maintain higher levels of pericarp unsaturated fatty acids (USFAs), higher pericarp indices of unsaturated fatty acids (IUFA), and higher pericarp ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (U/S) than those in control fruits...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Yang Yu, Karl F Ludwig, Joseph C Woicik, Srikanth Gopalan, Uday B Pal, Tiffany C Kaspar, Soumendra N Basu
Strontium-doped lanthanum cobalt ferrite (LSCF) is a widely used cathode material due to its high electronic and ionic conductivity, and reasonable oxygen surface exchange coefficient. However, LSCF can have long-term stability issues such as surface segregation of Sr during solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) operation, which can adversely affect the electrochemical performance. Thus, understanding the nature of the Sr surface segregation phenomenon and how it is affected by the composition of LSCF and strain are critical...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Timothy W Bumpus, Jeremy M Baskin
Phosphatidic acid (PA) is a potent lipid secondary messenger, the synthesis of which is tightly regulated in both space and time. Established tools for detecting PA involve ex vivo analysis and do not provide information on the subcellular locations where this lipid is synthesized. Here, a chemoenzymatic strategy for imaging sites of cellular PA synthesis by phospholipase D (PLD) enzymes is reported. PLDs were found to be able to catalyze phospholipid head-group exchange with alkynols to generate alkyne-labeled PA analogues within cells...
October 10, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Sebastian Raczkiewicz, Marzena Matejszczak-Woś, Piotr Pysz, Ewa Zaremba-Flis, Grzegorz Smolka, Andrzej Kleinrok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Masahiko Nakayama, Hisanori Kobayashi, Tomihiro Takahara, Yukiko Nishimura, Koji Fukushima, Kazutake Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, 40mg/m(2) of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD40) has been used as an initial dosage for treating recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) instead of the recommended dose of 50mg/m(2) (PLD50). However, no robust evidence is available to support the use of PLD40. This post-hoc study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of initial PLD dosages in propensity score (P-score)-matched dataset. METHODS: The data source was a PLD postmarketing surveillance dataset (n=2189) conducted in Japan...
September 6, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Jingyu Chen, Michael Zhiyan Wang
PLD-301, a phosphate prodrug of clopidogrel thiolactone discovered by Prelude Pharmaceuticals with the aim to overcome clopidogrel resistance, was evaluated for its in vivo inhibitory effect on ADP-induced platelet aggregation in rats. The potency of PLD-301 was similar to that of prasugrel, but much higher than that of clopidogrel. The results of pharmacokinetic analysis showed that the oral bioavailability of clopidogrel thiolactone converted from PLD-301 was 4- to 5-fold higher than that of the one converted from clopidogrel, suggesting that in comparison with clopidogrel, lower doses of PLD-301 could be used clinically...
March 2016: Letters in Drug Design & Discovery
Jennifer L Wainright, David K Klassen, Anna Y Kucheryavaya, Darren E Stewart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior living donors (PLDs) receive very high priority on the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) kidney waiting list. Program delays in adding PLDs to the waiting list, setting their status to active, and submitting requests for PLD priority can affect timely access to transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We used the OPTN and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data to examine timing of (1) listing relative to start of dialysis, (2) activation on the waiting list, and (3) requests for PLD priority relative to listing date...
September 2, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Eleonora Margheritis, Beatrice Castellani, Paola Magotti, Sara Peruzzi, Elisa Romeo, Francesca Natali, Serena Mostarda, Antimo Gioiello, Daniele Piomelli, Gianpiero Garau
The membrane-associated enzyme NAPE-PLD (N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine specific-phospholipase D) generates the endogenous cannabinoid arachidonylethanolamide and other lipid signaling amides, including oleoylethanolamide and palmitoylethanolamide. These bioactive molecules play important roles in several physiological pathways including stress and pain response, appetite, and lifespan. Recently, we reported the crystal structure of human NAPE-PLD and discovered specific binding sites for the bile acid deoxycholic acid...
October 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
Joel G Turner, Jana L Dawson, Steven Grant, Kenneth H Shain, William S Dalton, Yun Dai, Mark Meads, Rachid Baz, Michael Kauffman, Sharon Shacham, Daniel M Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Acquired drug resistance is the greatest obstacle to the successful treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). Despite recent advanced treatment options such as liposomal formulations, proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, myeloma-targeted antibodies, and histone deacetylase inhibitors, MM is still considered an incurable disease. METHODS: We investigated whether the clinical exportin 1 (XPO1) inhibitor selinexor (KPT-330), when combined with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or doxorubicin hydrochloride, could overcome acquired drug resistance in multidrug-resistant human MM xenograft tumors, four different multidrug-resistant MM cell lines, or ex vivo MM biopsies from relapsed/refractory patients...
2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Edgar S Wills, Wybrich R Cnossen, Joris A Veltman, Rob Woestenenk, Marloes Steehouwer, Jody Salomon, René H M Te Morsche, Meritxell Huch, Jayne Y Hehir-Kwa, Martijn J Banning, Rolph Pfundt, Ronald Roepman, Alexander Hoischen, Joost P H Drenth
Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD) is caused by variants in PRKCSH, SEC63, and LRP5, whereas autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is caused by variants in PKD1 and PKD2. Liver cyst development in these disorders is explained by somatic loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) of the wild-type allele in the developing cyst. We hypothesize that we can use this mechanism to identify novel disease genes that reside in LOH regions. In this study, we aim to map abnormal genomic regions using high-density SNP microarrays to find novel PLD genes...
August 24, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"