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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546590/national-smile-month-launches-in-its-fifth-decade
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545414/the-observation-during-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-for-myopia-with-corneal-opacity
#2
Shaowei Zhang, Haipeng Xu, Ke Zheng, Jing Zhao, Weijun Jian, Meiyan Li, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) in the treatment of myopia with corneal opacity. METHODS: To evaluate the treatment of myopia with corneal opacity, 9 patients (4 males, 5 females) who underwent SMILE were enrolled in this prospective clinical study. One eye of each patient was treated. The results of laser scanning and lenticule extraction were observed during the surgery, and the surgical videos were again reviewed after surgery...
May 25, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545350/utilization-of-the-monte-carlo-method-to-build-up-qsar-models-for-hemolysis-and-cytotoxicity-of-antimicrobial-peptides
#3
Alla P Toropova, Andrey A Toropov, Marten Beeg, Marco Gobbi, Mario Salmona
BACKGROUND: Traditional quantitative structure - property / activity relationships (QSPRs/QSARs) are based on representation of molecular structure by molecular graph or simplified molecular input-line entry system (SMILES). It is attractive idea to develop predictive models for large molecules in general and for peptides in particular. However, the representation of these molecules by molecular graph or SMILES is problematic owing to large size of these molecules. A possible alternative of SMILES is representation of peptides via sequence of abbreviations of amino acids...
May 24, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544074/single-stage-aesthetic-and-functional-reconstruction-of-composite-facial-gunshot-wound-with-a-chimeric-functioning-muscle-and-fibular-osseous-flap-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Andreas Gravvanis, Konstantinos Apostolou, Dimitrios Anterriotis, Dimosthenis Tsoutsos
The current concepts in the aesthetic and functional reconstruction of complex oromandibular defects are presented with a case of a patient with self-inflicted gunshot wound to the face. The patient presented with a 6 cm composite mandibular defect; the buccomandibular and suborbital aesthetic zones of the cheek along with the mucosa lining, and the ipsilateral facial musculature were missing. A rapid prototyping model of the facial skeleton was used to assist in preoperative planning. A single stage reconstruction with two free flaps was planned; a free fibula osseous flap to reconstruct the mandibular defect, and a free chimeric ALT/functioning vastus lateralis muscle...
May 23, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540108/scalpel-depigmentation-and-surgical-crown-lengthening-to-improve-anterior-gingival-esthetics
#5
K C Chethana, K Pradeep
A smile is a mesmerizing expression of joy, success, courtesy and reveals self-confidence. The harmony of the smile is determined not only by the shape, position and the color of teeth, but also by the gingival architecture. Gingival tissues form an important part of what we can consider to be a pleasing smile. The elegance of this pleasant smile could be, affected by highly pigmented gingiva. This gingival pigmentation occurs as a result of melanin granules, which are produced by melanoblast. Although melanin pigmentation does not present a medical problem, demand for cosmetic therapy is commonly sort by people with moderately pigmented gingiva...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539869/correct-the-smile-of-a-child-by-neuromuscular-facilitation-technique-an-interesting-case-report
#6
Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Asir John Samuel, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Bell's palsy (BP) in children is a rare case with no documented evidence regarding its rehabilitation management. Till date, individuals with BP are being treated with electrical stimulation are proportionately greater than other conventional means such as facial exercise and massage. These conventional modes of treatment have proved to have less incidence of synkinesis with more benefits. Here, we report a case of a 7-year-old boy diagnosed clinically to have right idiopathic facial nerve paralysis, who underwent 14 days of facial proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises along with facial therapeutic massage...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539269/ursodeoxycholic-acid-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-arthritis-by-targeting-th17-and-inducing-pampk-and-transcriptional-corepressor-smile
#7
Eun Jung Lee, Jeong-Eun Kwon, Min-Jung Park, KyungAh Jung, Da-Som Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Seung Hoon Lee, Jong Young Choi, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), also known ursodiol, is a secondary bile acid. It has been known that UDCA has prominent effects on liver, however, there is little known about its influence on autoimmune disease. Here, the benefit of UDCA on arthritis rheumatoid (RA) in vivo was tested. METHODS: RA mouse were induced using collagen II (CIA, collagen induced arthritis) where the disease severity or UDCA-related signaling pathway such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) or small heterodimer partner interacting leucine zipper protein (SMILE) was evaluated by westerblot and immunohistochemical staining...
May 21, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532930/comparison-of-immediate-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-after-suction-loss-with-uneventful-small-incision-lenticule-extraction
#8
Jin Hyoung Park, Hyung Jin Koo
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the predictability and safety of immediate small-incision lenticule extraction, also known as SMILE, after suction loss during the procedure with those of uneventful small-incision lenticule extraction. SETTING: Nunemiso Eye Center, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Patients who had immediate small-incision lenticule extraction using reapplied suction (study group) or uneventful small-incision lenticule extraction (control group) for myopia or myopic astigmatism were included...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530006/kindergarten-elementary-school-teachers-and-web-based-oral-health-related-resources-an-exploration
#9
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Gabrielle A Zuzo, Joshua J Wilson
PURPOSE: The percentage of U.S. children with poor oral health continues to be high. Kindergarten/elementary school educators could play an important role in teaching students about oral health promotion. The objectives were to assess which oral health-related web-based resources teachers consider most helpful and how teachers' attitudes, knowledge, and behavioural intentions concerning oral health-related teaching change between before and after having access to a resource website. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based survey data were collected from 95 kindergarten/elementary school educators before and after they accessed a website with oral health-related information for teachers (web-link: http://media...
May 19, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528359/anatomic-basis-of-le-fort-1-impaction-osteotomy-a-radiological-study
#10
Rivka Bendrihem, Christian Vacher, Audrey Fohlen, Jean-Pierre Pelage
PURPOSE: In Le Fort 1 osteotomy when a maxillary impaction is necessary, surgeons have to face different anatomical problems. (1) To determine the best bone resection route, they have to consider the situation of dental roots, infraorbital foramen and maxillary artery. (2) In case of Le Fort 1 osteotomy combined with a mandibular sagittal split osteotomy, the palate has to be replaced in horizontal position although there is no anatomical landmark. (3) In case of Gummy smiles, it can be due to either long face or short upper lip...
May 20, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513973/width-length-ratio-in-maxillary-anterior-teeth-comparative-study-of-esthetic-preferences-among-professionals-and-laypersons
#11
Lorena Álvarez-Álvarez, Ana Orozco-Varo, Gema Arroyo-Cruz, Emilio Jiménez-Castellanos
PURPOSE: Many studies have examined the esthetic preferences of professionals in the maxillary anterior region; however, only a few have taken into account the ratios that are more frequent within the population or other ratios suggested in the literature as ideal. Previous studies also failed to compare them with the esthetic preferences of the lay population with regards to the smile. The purpose of this study is to highlight the differences when perceiving the esthetics of smiles between general dentists and laypersons, and linking them with the width/length of the maxillary anterior teeth...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509361/prevalence-of-dental-developmental-anomalies-of-permanent-teeth-in-children-and-their-influence-on-esthetics
#12
Anita Fekonja
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental developmental anomalies in permanent teeth and their influence on esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 473 subjects, which comprised of orthopantomograms, clinical examination, and anamnestic data, were explored for dental developmental anomalies. Subjects with dental anomalies completed the modified questionnaire. Data on reasons for seeking the treatment as well as factors affecting the patients' satisfaction were collected...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508263/new-insights-into-the-anatomy-of-the-midface-musculature-and-its-implications-on-the-nasolabial-fold
#13
Chelsea C Snider, Ashley N Amalfi, Lauren E Hutchinson, Nicole Z Sommer
BACKGROUND: The prominent nasolabial fold is a distinct feature of the aging midface. As minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream, chemodenervation is a preferred method for treating dynamic facial rhytids. We therefore sought to identify relevant nasolabial fold and midfacial muscular anatomy to determine the ideal location of neuromodulation to improve the aesthetics of the midface and nasolabial fold without altering the upper lip and smile. METHODS: Twelve hemifacial cadaveric dissections were performed to identify midface muscle origin, insertion, width, vector of pull, and neighboring structures...
May 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503439/dry-eye-and-corneal-sensitivity-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-and-femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis-a-meta-analysis
#14
Wen-Ting Cai, Qing-Yu Liu, Cheng-Da Ren, Qing-Quan Wei, Jun-Ling Liu, Qian-Yi Wang, Ya-Ru Du, Meng-Mei He, Jing Yu
AIM: To assess the corneal sensitivity and the incidences of dry eye after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). METHODS: The Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3. We searched on PubMed from inception to March 2016. Summary weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to analyze the datum. Random-effects or fixed-effects models were chosen up to between-study heterogeneity...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499707/lower-laser-energy-levels-lead-to-better-visual-recovery-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Yong Woo Ji, Minseo Kim, David Sung Yong Kang, Dan Reinstein, Timothy Archer, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of lowering laser energy on clinical outcomes in small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. METHODS: 151 patients (151 eyes) with moderate myopia scheduled for SMILE were included: 58 eyes received SMILE with low energy (100, 105, and 110 nJ; L-SMILE group) and 93 with conventional energy (115 to 150 nJ; C-SMILE group). Patients received complete ophthalmic examinations preoperatively and over 3 months postoperatively...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497616/charmm-gui-ligand-reader-and-modeler-for-charmm-force-field-generation-of-small-molecules
#16
Seonghoon Kim, Jumin Lee, Sunhwan Jo, Charles L Brooks, Hui Sun Lee, Wonpil Im
Reading ligand structures into any simulation program is often nontrivial and time consuming, especially when the force field parameters and/or structure files of the corresponding molecules are not available. To address this problem, we have developed Ligand Reader & Modeler in CHARMM-GUI. Users can upload ligand structure information in various forms (using PDB ID, ligand ID, SMILES, MOL/MOL2/SDF file, or PDB/mmCIF file), and the uploaded structure is displayed on a sketchpad for verification and further modification...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494492/biomechanical-differences-between-femtosecond-lenticule-extraction-flex-and-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-tested-by-2d-extensometry-in-ex-vivo-porcine-eyes
#17
Bogdan Spiru, Sabine Kling, Farhad Hafezi, Walter Sekundo
Purpose: To evaluate the biomechanical stability of ex vivo porcine corneas after femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) and small incision lenticule extraction (SmILE) refractive surgeries. Methods: Forty-five porcine eyes were equally divided into three groups: Groups 1 and 2 were treated with FLEx and SmILE procedure, respectively. Group 3 served as control. A refractive correction of -14 diopters (D) with a 7-mm zone using either a 160-μm flap (FLEx) or a 160-μm cap (SmILE) was performed...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486727/as-oct-as-a-rescue-tool-during-difficult-lenticule-extraction-in-smile
#18
Jeewan S Titiyal, Anubha Rathi, Manpreet Kaur, Ruchita Falera
PURPOSE: To report a case of lenticule adherent to the anterior cap during small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and its subsequent management aided by anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 24-year-old woman presented with high myopia of -8.00 -0.50 @ 180° in the right eye and -8.00 -0.25 @ 180° in the left eye and underwent SMILE. In the right eye, difficulty was experienced in separating the lenticule from adjacent stroma...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486721/topography-guided-lasik-versus-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-smile-for-myopia-and-myopic-astigmatism-a-randomized-prospective-contralateral-eye-study
#19
Anastasios John Kanellopoulos
PURPOSE: To compare safety and efficacy of topography-guided LASIK and contralateral eye SMILE for myopia and myopic astigmatism correction. METHODS: This prospective, randomized contralateral eye study included 44 eyes of 22 patients with bilateral myopia or myopic astigmatism. Treated eyes were divided into two groups: 22 eyes were treated with topography-guided LASIK and the fellow eye of each patient was treated with SMILE. The following parameters were evaluated preoperatively and up to 3 months postoperatively: uncorrected distance vision acuity (UDVA), corrected distance vision acuity (CDVA), refractive error, corneal keratometry, contrast sensitivity, and Objective Scatter Index...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486720/comparative-analysis-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-smile-and-wavefront-guided-lasik-in-low-and-moderate-myopia
#20
Mounir A Khalifa, Ahmed Ghoneim, Mohamed Shafik Shaheen, Mohamed G Aly, David P Piñero
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes of small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and wavefront-guided LASIK (WFG LASIK) in eyes with low and moderate myopia. METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative study enrolling 110 eyes with low and moderate myopia (spherical equivalent ≤ 6.00 diopters [D]). Two groups were differentiated according to the surgical technique used: the WFG LASIK group included 51 eyes (51 patients) undergoing WFG LASIK using the STAR S4IR excimer laser and the iDesign aberrometer (Abbott Medical Optics, Abbott Park, IL) and the SMILE group included 59 eyes (59 patients) undergoing SMILE with the VisuMax platform (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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