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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771933/the-colours-and-contours-of-compassion-a-systematic-review-of-the-perspectives-of-compassion-among-ethnically-diverse-patients-and-healthcare-providers
#1
Pavneet Singh, Kathryn King-Shier, Shane Sinclair
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the perspectives, experiences, importance, and impact of compassionate care among ethnically diverse population groups. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed research focused on compassionate care in ethnically diverse populations published between 1946 and 2017 was conducted. RESULTS: A total of 2296 abstracts were retrieved, out of which 23 articles met the inclusion criteria. Synthesis of the literature identified the perspectives, facilitators and barriers of compassion in healthcare within ethnic groups...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771544/the-effects-of-alcohol-on-positive-emotion-during-a-comedy-routine-a-facial-coding-analysis
#2
Michael A Sayette, Kasey G Creswell, Catharine E Fairbairn, John D Dimoff, Katlin Bentley, Talya Lazerus
There is considerable interest in understanding the emotional effects of alcohol. While a great deal of experimental research has focused on alcohol's ability to relieve negative emotions, there has been far less focus on the effects of alcohol on positive emotions. Further, the available research on positive emotion tends to test alcohol while participants are alone. Yet alcohol is often consumed in social settings, and enhancing social pleasure is consistently identified as being a primary motive for drinking...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765568/relationship-between-tooth-value-and-skin-color-in-patients-visiting-royal-medical-services-clinics-of-jordan
#3
Hind Fahed Al-Nsour, Tamara Trad Al-Zoubi, Ali Salaheddin Al-Rimawi
Background: Facial and dental aesthetics are becoming of great concern for patients, especially for the younger generation. Tooth color matching and selection is considered a vital element in order to create an attractive beautiful smile. The importance of tooth color matching is to adjust tooth colors to obtain a good match with adjacent teeth and the skin. This is considered a challenge especially if adjacent teeth were lost or records of patients' teeth color were not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between skin complexion and tooth value in a Jordanian population...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762023/reinforced-adversarial-neural-computer-for-de-novo-molecular-design
#4
Evgeny Putin, Arip Asadulaev, Yan Ivanenkov, Vladimir Aladinskiy, Benjamin Sánchez-Lengeling, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Alex Zhavoronkov
In silico modeling is a crucial milestone in modern drug design & development. Although computer-aided approaches in this field are well-studied, the application of deep learning methods in this research area is at the beginning. In this work, we present an original deep neural network (DNN) architecture named RANC (Reinforced Adversarial Neural Computer) for the de novo design of novel small-molecule organic structures based on generative adversarial network (GAN) paradigm and reinforcement learning (RL)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761691/extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-penis-closely-mimicking-the-penile-analogue-of-stratified-mucin-producing-intraepithelial-lesion-smile
#5
Alessia Cimadamore, Marina Scarpelli, Liang Cheng, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Rodolfo Montironi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760798/a-multicenter-retrospective-comparison-of-sequential-versus-sandwich-chemoradiotherapy-for-stage-ie-iie-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type
#6
Jin Li, Yajun Li, Meizuo Zhong, Wei Liu, Xianling Liu, Jiwei Li, Kunlun Li, Pingyong Yi
Background: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are critical for treating early-stage extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL); however, the optimal therapy sequence remains unclear. Therefore, we performed this study to compare the efficacy of L-asparaginase/pegaspargase-based sequential versus sandwich chemoradiotherapy for patients newly diagnosed with stage IE-IIE ENKTL. Methods: Patients were categorized into sequential ( N = 111) and sandwich ( N = 104) groups. Chemotherapy regimens included GELOX, SMILE, and VLP...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758397/discrimination-between-smiling-faces-human-observers-vs-automated-face-analysis
#7
Mario Del Líbano, Manuel G Calvo, Andrés Fernández-Martín, Guillermo Recio
This study investigated (a) how prototypical happy faces (with happy eyes and a smile) can be discriminated from blended expressions with a smile but non-happy eyes, depending on type and intensity of the eye expression; and (b) how smile discrimination differs for human perceivers versus automated face analysis, depending on affective valence and morphological facial features. Human observers categorized faces as happy or non-happy, or rated their valence. Automated analysis (FACET software) computed seven expressions (including joy/happiness) and 20 facial action units (AUs)...
May 11, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757850/corneal-irregular-astigmatism-and-curvature-changes-after-small-incision-lenticule-extraction-three-year-follow-up
#8
Haris Sideroudi, Apostolos Lazaridis, Anke Messerschmidt-Roth, Georgios Labiris, Vassilios Kozobolis, Walter Sekundo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term changes in anterior and posterior corneal irregular astigmatism and curvatures after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: Fifty eyes of 28 patients underwent SMILE for myopic astigmatism. All procedures were performed using the VisuMax® femtosecond laser. A Scheimpflug camera was used for preoperative and 3-year postoperative tomography. Anterior and posterior corneal Fourier parameters (spherical component, regular astigmatism, asymmetry, and irregularity) and curvature data were evaluated and compared within 2 subgroups according to the magnitude of the refractive correction (low myopia group: spherical equivalent (SEQ) ≥ -6 D; high myopia group: (SEQ) < -6 D)...
April 27, 2018: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753609/sar-for-gastro-intestinal-absorption-and-blood-brain-barrier-permeation-of-pesticides
#9
Andrey A Toropov, Alla P Toropova, Emilio Benfenati, Jean Lou Dorne
The CORAL software has been applied to the development of classification models for pesticides relative to two pharmacokinetic properties in humans: (i) gastro-intestinal absorption; and (ii) blood-brain barrier permeation. These models were built up using categorical data on pesticide absorption and brain permeation split into training, invisible training, calibration and external validation sets using Monte Carlo simulations. The models were assessed using several random splits into the training and validation sets...
May 10, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750105/lip-repositioning-technique-a-simple-surgical-procedure-to-improve-the-smile-harmony
#10
Vicente Faus-Matoses, Ignacio Faus-Matoses, Ana Jorques-Zafrilla, Vicente J Faus-Llácer
Excessive gingival display is an esthetic concern for patients. It is a condition in which an overexposure of the maxillary gingiva (>3mm) is present during smiling. There are different etiologies of a gummy smile, such as vertical maxillary excess, short and hyperactive upper lip, altered passive eruption, anterior dentoalveolar extrusion, or a combination of these causes. The correct diagnosis of all etiologic factors is imperative for its appropriate management. Many techniques have been used to restore the dentogingival relation for the management of gummy smile...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750104/agenesis-of-all-permanent-maxillary-incisors-a-rare-clinical-case-with-an-interdisciplinary-solution
#11
Fernando-Cesar Torres, Claudio-Fróes de Freitas, Diego-Vianez Pereira, Tarcila Triviño, Acácio Fuziy, Fernando-Akio Maeda
Background: Clinical cases involving agenesis of all four maxillary incisors are rare, with no previous reports in the literature. Case report: The present case report describes an orthodontic treatment combined with esthetic dentistry in a 10-year-old girl with agenesis of all four permanent maxillary incisors, anterior crossbite, permanence of deciduous maxillary canines and transmigration of permanent maxillary canines into the region of the maxillary central incisors...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747200/-keep-smiling-campaign-launched-for-elderly
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744085/bleachorexia-an-addictive-behavior-to-tooth-bleaching-a-case-report
#13
Denzel Kun-Tsung Lee, Cameron Kastl, Daniel C N Chan
Bleachorexia, addiction to tooth bleaching, is a behavioral disorder similar to anorexia. The patient feels that their teeth are always not white enough and continues to use whiteners to obtain a "perfect" smile. Such behavior falls under the category of a body dysmorphic disorder and may need medical counseling.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743783/dental-technicians-pneumoconiosis-illness-behind-a-healthy-smile-case-series-of-a-reference-center-in-turkey
#14
Nur Şafak Alici, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demıral, Arif Çimrin
Background: Dental laboratories include many hazards and risks. Dental technicians working in an unfavorable work environment in Turkey and other parts of the world may develop pneumoconiosis as a result of exposure to dust, depending on exposure time. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical and laboratory findings of dental technicians. Materials and Methods: The study consists of a case series. Between 2013 and 2016, a total of 70 who were working as a dental technician and referred to our clinic with suspicion of occupational disease were evaluated...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742903/technology-based-behavioral-interventions-for-daily-activities-and-supported-ambulation-in-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Giulio E Lancioni, Nirbhay N Singh, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Fiora D'Amico, Dominga Laporta, Maria Giovanna Cattaneo, Antonella Scordamaglia, Katia Pinto
OBJECTIVES: These 2 studies evaluated technology-based behavioral interventions for promoting daily activities and supported ambulation in people with mild-to-moderate and moderate-to-severe Alzheimer's disease, respectively. METHODS: Study 1 included 8 participants who were taught to start and carry out daily activities on their own using a tablet or smartphone device, which provided activity reminders, step instructions, and praise. Study 2 included 9 participants who were taught to engage in brief periods of ambulation using a walker combined with a tilt microswitch and a notebook computer, which monitored step responses and provided stimulation and prompts...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742231/duration-of-effectiveness-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-excessive-gingival-display-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Taísa Figueiredo Chagas, Natalia Valli de Almeida, Cinthia Oliveira Lisboa, Daniele Masterson Tavares Pereira Ferreira, Claudia Trindade Mattos, José Nelson Mucha
Botulinum toxin type A is effective in reducing excessive gingival display caused by hyperfunctional upper lip elevator muscles; however, this effect is transient. This study aimed to determine the duration of the effectiveness of botulinum toxin type A on a gummy smile. A systematic search was conducted using Medline (PubMed), Scopus, and Web of Science electronic databases, from 1970 to March 2017 with no language restriction; the search included studies evaluating adult patients with excessive gingival display who were treated with botulinum toxin and were followed-up for at least 3 months...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740307/behind-the-robot-s-smiles-and-frowns-in-social-context-people-do-not-mirror-android-s-expressions-but-react-to-their-informational-value
#18
Galit Hofree, Paul Ruvolo, Audrey Reinert, Marian S Bartlett, Piotr Winkielman
Facial actions are key elements of non-verbal behavior. Perceivers' reactions to others' facial expressions often represent a match or mirroring (e.g., they smile to a smile). However, the information conveyed by an expression depends on context. Thus, when shown by an opponent, a smile conveys bad news and evokes frowning. The availability of anthropomorphic agents capable of facial actions raises the question of how people respond to such agents in social context. We explored this issue in a study where participants played a strategic game with or against a facially expressive android...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738669/cypreact-a-software-tool-for-in-silico-reactant-prediction-for-human-cytochrome-p450-enzymes
#19
Siyang Tian, Yannick Djoumbou, Russ Greiner, David S Wishart
In silico metabolism prediction requires first predicting whether a specific molecule will interact with one or more specific metabolizing enzymes, then predicting the result of each enzymatic reaction. Here, we provide a computational tool, CypReact, for performing this first task of reactant prediction. Specically, CypReact takes as input an arbitrary molecule (specied as a SMILES string or a standard SDF file), and any one of the nine of the most important human cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes -- CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1 or CYP3A4 -- and accurately predicts whether the query molecule will react with that given CYP450 enzyme...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738585/circle-enhancement-after-myopic-smile
#20
Jakob Siedlecki, Nikolaus Luft, Wolfgang J Mayer, Martin Siedlecki, Daniel Kook, Bertram Meyer, Martin Bechmann, Rainer Wiltfang, Siegfried G Priglinger, Martin Dirisamer
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of enhancement after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using the VisuMax CIRCLE option (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany), which converts the SMILE cap into a femtosecond LASIK flap for secondary excimer laser application. METHODS: Of 2,065 SMILE procedures, 22 eyes (1.1%) re-treated with CIRCLE with a follow-up of 3 months were included in the analysis. SMILE was performed in the usual manner. For re-treatment, the CIRCLE procedure was performed with pattern D flap creation on the VisuMax system and subsequent excimer laser ablation with a Zeiss MEL 90 laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec) with plano target in all cases...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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