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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750032/protection-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-eysenhardtia-polystachya-in-peroxide-induced-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-damage-and-their-antidiabetic-properties-in-zebrafish
#1
Abraham Heriberto Garcia Campoy, Rosa Martha Perez Gutierrez, Gabriela Manriquez-Alvirde, Alethia Muñiz Ramirez
Background: The aim was to explore the efficacy of extract of Eysenhardtia polystachya -loaded silver nanoparticles (EP/AgNPs) on pancreatic β cells, INS-1 cells, and zebrafish as a valuable model for the study of diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods: EP/AgNPs were synthesized using methanol/water bark extract of E. polystachya and characterized using various physicochemical techniques. Results: Immersion of adult zebrafish in 111 mM glucose solution resulted in a sustained hyperglycemic, hyperlipidemic state, and serum insulin levels decreased...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723547/hyperglycemia-elicits-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-zebrafish-protective-role-of-dietary-diphenyl-diselenide
#2
Matheus M Dos Santos, Gabriel T de Macedo, Alessandro S Prestes, Vânia L Loro, Graciela M Heidrich, Rochele S Picoloto, Denis B Rosemberg, Nilda V Barbosa
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease that may comorbid with various psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. The search for effective therapeutics to alleviate hyperglycemia and complications resulting from DM is continuous. Here we investigate the effects of diphenyl diselenide (DD), an organoselenium compound with several pharmacological properties, in a zebrafish model of hyperglycemia. Fish were fed for 74 days with a diet containing 3 mg/Kg DD, a concentration chosen after experiments based in a dose-response curve (DD 1, 2 and 3 mg/Kg) that did not cause overt toxicity (mortality, weight loss and neurobehavioral deficits)...
April 30, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687170/identification-characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-adiponectin-receptors-in-black-carp-mylopharyngodon-piceus-in-response-to-dietary-carbohydrate
#3
Chenglong Wu, Jun'e Gao, Lian Chen, Xianping Shao, Jinyun Ye
In the present study, three cDNAs of AdipoRs (MpAdipoR1a, MpAdipoR1b, and MpAdipoR2) were identified from juvenile black carp Mylopharyngodon piceus. There were 375, 378, and 356 amino acids in the MpAdipoR1a, MpAdipoR1b, and MpAdipoR2, respectively. BLAST analysis reveals that MpAdipoRs share high identities with other known AdipoRs from zebrafish, rainbow trout, human, etc. And there were all seven transmembrane regions in the amino acid sequences of MpAdipoR1s and MpAdipoR2, respectively. The relative expression levels of MpAdipoR1s were higher in the liver, blood, brain, and eyes in black carp (p < 0...
April 23, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672321/metabolic-plasticity-enables-circadian-adaptation-to-acute-hypoxia-in-zebrafish-cells
#4
Adolf M Sandbichler, Bianca Jansen, Bettina A Peer, Monika Paulitsch, Bernd Pelster, Margit Egg
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reduced oxygen availability, hypoxia, is frequently encountered by organisms, tissues and cells, in aquatic environments as well as in high altitude or under pathological conditions such as infarct, stroke or cancer. The hypoxic signaling pathway was found to be mutually intertwined with circadian timekeeping in vertebrates and, as reported recently, also in mammals. However, the impact of hypoxia on intracellular metabolic oscillations is still unknown. METHODS: For determination of metabolites we used Multilabel Reader based fluorescence and luminescence assays, circadian levels of Hypoxia Inducible Factor 1 alpha and oxidized peroxiredoxins were semi quantified by Western blotting and ratiometric quantification of cytosolic and mitochondrial H2O2 was achieved with stable transfections of a redox sensitive green fluorescent protein sensor into zebrafish fibroblasts...
April 16, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642853/a-comparative-genomics-study-of-carbohydrate-glucose-metabolic-genes-from-fish-to-mammals
#5
Yuru Zhang, Chaobin Qin, Liping Yang, Ronghua Lu, Xiaoyan Zhao, Guoxing Nie
BACKGROUND: Glucose plays a key role as an energy source in most mammals, but its importance in fish appears to be limited that so far seemed to belong to diabetic humans only. Several laboratories worldwide have made important efforts in order to better understand this strange phenotype observed in fish. However, the mechanism of carbohydrate/glucose metabolism is astonishingly complex. Why basal glycaemia is different between fish and mammals and how carbohydrate metabolism is different amongst organisms is largely uncharted territory...
April 11, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604498/oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-mediated-cd-induced-hepatic-lipid-accumulation-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#6
Ya-Xiong Pan, Zhi Luo, Mei-Qing Zhuo, Chuan-Chuan Wei, Guang-Hui Chen, Yu-Feng Song
The present study was performed to determine the effect of waterborne CdCl2 exposure influencing lipid deposition and metabolism, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, and explore the underlying molecular mechanism of cadmium (Cd)-induced disorder of hepatic lipid metabolism in fish. To this end, adult zebrafish were exposed to three waterborne CdCl2 concentrations (0(control), 5 and 25 μg Cd/l, respectively) for 30 days. Lipid accumulation, the activities of enzymes related to lipid metabolism and oxidative stress, as well as the expression level of genes involved in lipid metabolism and mitophagy were determined in the liver of zebrafish...
March 17, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577999/acute-stress-alters-the-rates-of-degradation-of-cardiac-muscle-proteins
#7
Bethany Geary, Kieran Magee, Phillip Cash, Holger Husi, Iain S Young, Phillip D Whitfield, Mary K Doherty
Stressful experiences can have detrimental effects on many aspects of health and wellbeing. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a widely used model for stress research and a stress phenotype can be induced by manipulating the environmental conditions and social interactions. In this study we have combined a zebrafish stress model with the measurement of degradation rates of soluble cardiac muscle proteins. The results showed that the greater the stress response in the zebrafish the lower the level of overall protein degradation...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574035/effects-of-short-term-lead-exposure-on-gut-microbiota-and-hepatic-metabolism-in-adult-zebrafish
#8
Jizhou Xia, Liang Lu, Cuiyuan Jin, Siyu Wang, Jicong Zhou, Yingchun Ni, Zhengwei Fu, Yuanxiang Jin
Lead (Pb) is one of the most prevalent toxic, nonessential heavy metals that has been associated with a wide range of toxic effects in humans and environmental animals. Here, effects of short time exposure to 10 and 30 μg/L Pb on gut microbiota and hepatic metabolism were analyzed in adult male zebrafish. We observed that both 10 and 30 μg/L Pb increased the volume of mucus in the gut. At phylum level, the abundance of α-Proteobacteria decreased significantly and the abundance of Firmicutes increased significantly in the gut when treated with 30 μg/L Pb for 7 days...
March 22, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562229/insulin-resistance-in-cavefish-as-an-adaptation-to-a-nutrient-limited-environment
#9
Misty R Riddle, Ariel C Aspiras, Karin Gaudenz, Robert Peuß, Jenny Y Sung, Brian Martineau, Megan Peavey, Andrew C Box, Julius A Tabin, Suzanne McGaugh, Richard Borowsky, Clifford J Tabin, Nicolas Rohner
Periodic food shortages are a major challenge faced by organisms in natural habitats. Cave-dwelling animals must withstand long periods of nutrient deprivation, as-in the absence of photosynthesis-caves depend on external energy sources such as seasonal floods. Here we show that cave-adapted populations of the Mexican tetra, Astyanax mexicanus, have dysregulated blood glucose homeostasis and are insulin-resistant compared to river-adapted populations. We found that multiple cave populations carry a mutation in the insulin receptor that leads to decreased insulin binding in vitro and contributes to hyperglycaemia...
March 21, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560575/molecular-characterization-and-identification-of-facilitative-glucose-transporter-2-glut2-and-its-expression-and-of-the-related-glycometabolism-enzymes-in-response-to-different-starch-levels-in-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#10
Hualiang Liang, Ahmed Mokrani, Hopeson Chisomo-Kasiya, Ogwok-Manas Wilson-Arop, Haifeng Mi, Ke Ji, Xianping Ge, Mingchun Ren
Facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT) are transmembrane transporters involved in glucose transport across the plasma membrane. In this study, blunt snout bream GLUT2 gene was cloned, and its expression in various tissues and in liver in response to diets with different carbohydrate levels (17.1; 21.8; 26.4; 32.0; 36.3; and 41.9% of dry matter). Blunt snout bream GLUT2 was also characterized. A full-length cDNA fragment of 2577 bp was cloned, which contains a 5'-untranslated region (UTR) of 73 bp, a 3'-UTR of 992 bp, and an open reading frame of 1512 bp that encodes a polypeptide of 503 amino acids with predicted molecular mass of 55...
March 20, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559522/aibp-protects-against-metabolic-abnormalities-and-atherosclerosis
#11
Dina A Schneider, Soo-Ho Choi, Colin Agatisa-Boyle, Laurence Zhu, Jungsu Kim, Jennifer Pattison, Dorothy D Sears, Philip L S M Gordts, Longhou Fang, Yury I Miller
Apolipoprotein A-I Binding Protein (AIBP) has been shown to augment cholesterol efflux from endothelial cells and macrophages. In zebrafish and mice, AIBP-mediated regulation of cholesterol levels in the plasma membrane of endothelial cells controls angiogenesis. The goal of this work was to evaluate metabolic changes and atherosclerosis in AIBP loss-of-function and gain-of-function animal studies. Here we show that Apoa1bp-/-Ldlr-/- mice fed a high-cholesterol, high-fat diet had exacerbated weight gain, liver steatosis, glucose intolerance, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, and larger atherosclerotic lesions compared to Ldlr-/- mice...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530717/expression-profile-of-glucose-transport-related-genes-under-chronic-and-acute-exposure-to-growth-hormone-in-zebrafish
#12
Camila Dalmolin, Daniela Volcan Almeida, Marcio Azevedo Figueiredo, Luis Fernando Marins
The brain is a highly demanding organ in terms of energy requirements, and precise regulatory mechanisms must operate to ensure adequate energy delivery to maintain normal neuronal activity. Of the energy-promoting substrates present in the circulation, glucose is preferred by the brain, and as with all other substrates, its utilization depends on the presence of humoral factors such as hormones including growth hormone (GH). Glucose enters the cells though specific transport proteins. Among all transporter families and subtypes described to date, the most studied ones are the glucose transporters (GLUTs)...
March 9, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510149/diversification-of-the-functions-of-proglucagon-and-glucagon-receptor-genes-in-fish
#13
David M Irwin, Svetlana Mojsov
The teleost fish-specific genome duplication gave rise to a great number of species inhabiting diverse environments with different access to nutrients and life histories. This event produced duplicated gcg genes, gcga and gcgb, for proglucagon-derived peptides, glucagon and GLP-1 and duplicated gcgr receptor genes, gcgra and gcgrb, which play key roles connecting the consumption of nutrients with glucose metabolism. We conducted a systematic survey of the genomes from 28 species of fish (24 bony (Superclass Osteichthyes), 1 lobe-finned (Class Sarcoperygii), 1 cartilaginous (Superclass Chondrichthyes), and 2 jawless (Superclass Agnatha)) and find that almost all surveyed ray-finned fish contain gcga and gcgb genes with different coding potential and duplicated gcgr genes, gcgra and gcgrb that form two separate clades in the phylogenetic tree consistent with the accepted species phylogeny...
May 15, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507700/glucose-regulated-protein-94-mediates-progression-and-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-mitochondrial-function-and-the-nf-kb-cox-2-vegf-axis
#14
Chien-Yu Huang, Chia-Hwa Lee, Chao-Chiang Tu, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Ming-Te Huang, Po-Li Wei, Yu-Jia Chang
Esophageal cancer is a worldwide health problem with a very poor prognosis. Therefore, new diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic strategies for identifying and managing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are urgently needed. Glucose-regulated protein 94 (GRP94) is one of major endoplasmic reticulum-stress response proteins that plays a key role in cancer progression and therapeutic responses. However, the role of GRP94 in ESCC progression and metastasis remains unclear. The tissue array results indicated that higher GRP94 expression levels were associated with lower overall survival and higher lympho-node metastasis...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408712/protective-effect-of-polysaccharides-from-celluclast-assisted-extract-of-hizikia-fusiforme-against-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress-in-vitro-in-vero-cells-and-in-vivo-in-zebrafish
#15
Lei Wang, Jae Young Oh, Hyun Soo Kim, WonWoo Lee, Yongri Cui, Hyo Geun Lee, Yong-Tae Kim, Jae Young Ko, You-Jin Jeon
Polysaccharides were extracted by Celluclast-assisted hydrolysis and ethanol precipitation from Hizikia fusiforme (HFPS), and their in vitro antioxidant effects were evaluated in Vero cells. HFPS contains 63.56±0.32% sulfate polysaccharides, which comprise fucose (53.53%), galactose (23.15%), glucose (5.95%), and xylose (17.37%). HFPS scavenged DPPH, alkyl, and hydroxyl radicals at IC50 values of 0.81±0.02, 0.25±0.02, and 0.21±0.03mg/mL, respectively. HFPS significantly reduced H2 O2 -induced cytotoxicity in Vero cells...
June 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351486/different-physiological-roles-of-insulin-receptors-in-mediating-nutrient-metabolism-in-zebrafish
#16
Bin-Yuan Yang, Gang Zhai, Yu-Long Gong, Jing-Zhi Su, Xu-Yan Peng, Guo-Hui Shang, Dong Han, Jun-Yan Jin, Hao-Kun Liu, Zhen-Yu Du, Zhan Yin, Shou-Qi Xie
Insulin, the most potent anabolic hormone, is critical for somatic growth and metabolism in vertebrates. Type 2 diabetes, which is the primary cause of hyperglycemia, results from an inability of insulin to signal glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. Our previous study showed that double knockout of insulin receptor a (insra) and b (insrb) caused β-cell hyperplasia and lethality from 5 dpf to 16 dpf. In this study, we characterized the physiological roles of Insra and Insrb, in somatic growth and fueling metabolism, respectively...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317613/glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-is-indispensable-in-embryonic-development-by-modulation-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-via-the-nox-smad3-mir-200b-axis
#17
Yi-Hsuan Wu, Ying-Hsuan Lee, Hung-Yu Shih, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Yi-Chuan Cheng, Daniel Tsun-Yee Chiu
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is a housekeeping enzyme involved in the pentose phosphate shunt for producing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). Severe G6PD deficiency leads to embryonic lethality, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. In the current study, the effects of G6PD on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), especially during embryonic development, were investigated. The knockdown of G6PD induced morphological changes, accompanied by the suppression of epithelial markers, E-cadherin and β-catenin, in A549 and MDCK cells...
January 9, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306589/oxidative-stress-dependent-mmp-13-activity-underlies-glucose-neurotoxicity
#18
Ashley L Waldron, Patricia A Schroder, Kelly L Bourgon, Jessie K Bolduc, James L Miller, Adriana D Pellegrini, Amanda L Dubois, Magdalena Blaszkiewicz, Kristy L Townsend, Sandra Rieger
BACKGROUND: A complication of diabetes is neuropathy, a condition of sensory axon degeneration that originates in the epidermis. The mechanisms remain unknown but reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in this condition. In this study, we assessed the role of ROS and a candidate downstream target, MMP-13 in glucose-induced sensory axon degeneration in zebrafish and mice. METHODS: The effects of glucose on metabolism and sensory axon degeneration were assessed using qPCR and live imaging...
March 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274064/metabolic-and-bone-effects-of-high-fat-diet-in-adult-zebrafish
#19
Marta Carnovali, Livio Luzi, Ileana Terruzzi, Giuseppe Banfi, Massimo Mariotti
An increase of visceral fat affects human bone health causing fragility, mechanical strength reduction, and increased propensity to fractures because of impaired bone matrix microstructure and aberrant bone cell function. Adult Danio rerio (zebrafish) represents a powerful model to study both metabolic diseases and bone metabolism. The aim of this study was to generate an obese adult zebrafish by high-fat diet and evaluate metabolic and bone tissue effects. Fish blood glucose and insulin levels were found to be altered in high-fat diet fish revealing a failure in β-cells insulin production...
December 22, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274062/metformin-beta-cell-development-and-novel-processes-following-beta-cell-ablation-in-zebrafish
#20
Georgia Wyett, Yann Gibert, Megan Ellis, Hozana A Castillo, Jan Kaslin, Kathryn Aston-Mourney
PURPOSE: Type 1 and 2 diabetes are characterized by a loss of insulin-producing beta-cells. Current treatments help maintain blood glucose levels but cannot provide a cure. As such, a vital target for the cure of diabetes is a way to restore beta-cell mass. The drug metformin can protect cultured beta-cells/islets from hyperglycemia-induced dysfunction and death. Further, treatment of pregnant mice with metformin results in an enhanced beta-cell fraction in the embryos; however, whether this occurs via a direct effect is unknown...
February 2018: Endocrine
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