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laparoscopic pediatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097262/lessons-learned-over-a-decade-of-pediatric-robotic-ureteral-reimplantation
#1
REVIEW
Minki Baek, Chester J Koh
The da Vinci robotic system has improved surgeon dexterity, ergonomics, and visualization to allow for a minimally invasive option for complex reconstructive procedures in children. Over the past decade, robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) has become a viable minimally invasive surgical option for pediatric vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, higher-than-expected complication rates and suboptimal reflux resolution rates at some centers have also been reported. The heterogeneity of surgical outcomes may arise from the inherent and underestimated complexity of the RALUR procedure that may justify its reclassification as a complex reconstructive procedure and especially for robotic surgeons early in their learning curve...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039511/increased-morbidity-and-mortality-in-cardiac-patients-undergoing-fundoplication
#2
Heather L Short, Curtis Travers, Courtney McCracken, Mark L Wulkan, Matthew S Clifton, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital cardiac disease (CCD) often require gastrostomy tube placement (GT) and need antireflux procedures, such as fundoplications. Our purpose was to compare morbidity/mortality rates among infants with CCD undergoing GT, fundoplication, or both. METHODS: Using the NSQIP-Pediatric, we identified 4070 patients <1-year-old who underwent GT and/or fundoplication from 2012 to 2014. 2346 infants (58%) had CCD categorized as minor, major or severe...
December 30, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039097/skills-comparison-in-pediatric-residents-using-a-2-dimensional-versus-a-3-dimensional-high-definition-camera-in-a-pediatric-laparoscopic-simulator
#3
Riccardo Guanà, Luisa Ferrero, Salvatore Garofalo, Alessia Cerrina, Davide Cussa, Alberto Arezzo, Jurgen Schleef
INTRODUCTION: Advantages in 3-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy are mostly described in adults for better depth perception, precise visualization of anatomical structures, as well as for complex surgical maneuvers in small spaces. Using Visionsense III stereoscopic endoscopy system (Neuromed Spa), we performed a comparative study between surgical skills achievements using 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D laparoscopic equipment in a pediatric laparoscopic surgery simulator model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three skills were evaluated both in 2D and 3D modalities...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039051/pediatric-robot-assisted-redo-pyeloplasty-with-buccal-mucosa-graft-a-novel-technique
#4
Jennifer J Ahn, Michael E Shapiro, Jonathan S Ellison, Thomas S Lendvay
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel approach of pediatric robot-assisted redo pyeloplasty with buccal mucosa graft (BMG). METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review of all patients undergoing robot-assisted redo pyeloplasty with BMG at our institution was performed. OPERATIVE DETAILS: For all patients, the following ports were used: one 8.5mm camera, two 8mm robotic, and one 5mm assistant. Initial dissection was performed laparoscopically and robotically, and the ureter was incised longitudinally along the anterior surface...
December 27, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000197/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-children-with-persistent-cloaca
#5
Chen Wang, Shuli Liu, Zhen Chen, Long Li, Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of children with persistent cloaca. METHODS: Clinical data of 26 female children with high type persistent cloaca undergoing operation in the Capital Pediatric Institution between November 2005 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age of these children was (1.4±1.6) years old. Distal end of rectum locating in the superior border of pubis was the standard of diagnosis...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989365/complications-in-common-general-pediatric-surgery-procedures
#6
Maria E Linnaus, Daniel J Ostlie
Complications related to general pediatric surgery procedures are a major concern for pediatric surgeons and their patients. Although infrequent, when they occur the consequences can lead to significant morbidity and psychosocial stress. The purpose of this article is to discuss the common complications encountered during several common pediatric general surgery procedures including inguinal hernia repair (open and laparoscopic), umbilical hernia repair, laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, and laparoscopic appendectomy...
December 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969098/erratum-to-laparoscopic-percutaneous-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-children-review-of-technique-and-comparison-with-open-surgery-j-pediatr-urol-11-2015-262-e1-262-e6
#7
Matthew D Timberlake, Troy A Sukhu, Katherine W Herbst, Sara Rasmussen, Sean T Corbett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926352/3d-laparoscopy-in-neonates-and-infants
#8
Yury Kozlov, Konstantin Kovalkov, Vladimir Nowogilov
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the successful application of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgeries in the treatment of congenital anomalies and acquired diseases in the young pediatric population. The purpose of this scientific work consists in highlighting the spectrum, indications, applicability, and effectiveness of 3D endosurgery in children. METHODS: Our experience is based on 110 endosurgical procedures performed in neonates and infants in the 3D format between January 2014 and May 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#9
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901639/results-of-laparoscopic-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Maurizio Pacilli, Mark Davenport
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare disorder in children who are commonly treated by laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM). However, there are no large studies evaluating the results of LHM in the pediatric population, and the need of a concomitant fundoplication remains unclear. The aim of the study is to appraise the results of LHM based on a systematic literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE search of the English literature was performed for "achalasia," "children," "laparoscopy," "Heller," "myotomy," and "cardiomyotomy...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896911/the-timing-and-prevalence-of-intraoperative-hypotension-in-infants-undergoing-laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy-at-a-tertiary-pediatric-hospital
#11
Allan F Simpao, Luis M Ahumada, Jorge A Gálvez, Christopher P Bonafide, Elicia C Wartman, William Randall England, Arul M Lingappan, Todd J Kilbaugh, Abbas F Jawad, Mohamed A Rehman
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative hypotension may be associated with adverse outcomes in children undergoing surgery. Infants and neonates under 6 months of age have less autoregulatory cerebral reserve than older infants, yet little information exists regarding when and how often intraoperative hypotension occurs in infants. AIMS: To better understand the epidemiology of intraoperative hypotension in infants, we aimed to determine the prevalence of intraoperative hypotension in a generally uniform population of infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy...
January 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895374/pediatric-laparoscopic-surgery-initial-experience-from-pakistan-first-100-cases-in-single-center
#12
Hassan Ishaq, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Sohail Dogar, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Ahmad Vaqas Faruque
In a developing country like Pakistan, laparoscopic surgeries are not considered favourable by many, possibly because of high costs or a lack of expertise. It is an established fact that laparoscopic surgery offers better surgical treatments with a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The current retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi and comprised of laparoscopy cases performed by a single surgeon from March 2012 to September of 2014. A total of 100laparoscopic surgeries were performed; mostly appendectomies 49(49%) and undescended testes (UDTs) 34(34%)...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894860/pediatric-ovarian-torsion-and-its-recurrence-a-multicenter-study
#13
Mirko Bertozzi, Ciro Esposito, Claudio Vella, Vito Briganti, Nicola Zampieri, Daniela Codrich, Michele Ubertazzi, Alessandro Trucchi, Elisa Magrini, Sonia Battaglia, Vittorio Bini, Maria Luisa Conighi, Caterina Gulia, Alessandra Farina, Francesco Saverio Camoglio, Waifro Rigamonti, Piergiorgio Gamba, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Alessandro Inserra, Antonino Appignani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report results of a retrospective multicentric Italian survey concerning the management of pediatric ovarian torsion (OT) and its recurrence. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Italian Units of Pediatric Surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were female aged 1-14 years of age with surgically diagnosed OT between 2004 and 2014. INTERVENTIONS: Adnexal detorsion, adnexectomy, mass excision using laparoscopy or laparotomy...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894761/risk-factors-for-recurrence-and-contralateral-inguinal-hernia-after-laparoscopic-percutaneous-extraperitoneal-closure-for-pediatric-inguinal-hernia
#14
Hiromu Miyake, Koji Fukumoto, Masaya Yamoto, Hideaki Nakajima, Akinori Sekioka, Yutaka Yamada, Akiyoshi Nomura, Naoto Urushihara
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) for pediatric inguinal hernia has recently been increasing. Recurrence and contralateral metachronous inguinal hernia (CMIH) are important problems for LPEC. This study analyzed the risk factors for recurrence and CMIH. METHODS: This study included 1530 patients. The mean follow-up period was 48months. Of 1530 patients, 847 were boys and 683 were girls. The mean age at operation was 3...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875102/obesity-increases-operative-time-in-children-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#15
T K Pandian, Daniel S Ubl, Elizabeth B Habermann, Christopher R Moir, Michael B Ishitani
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have assessed the impact of obesity on laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children who underwent LC were identified from the 2012 to 2013 American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatrics data. Patient characteristics, operative details, and outcomes were compared. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to identify predictors of increased operative time (OT) and duration of anesthesia (DOAn)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874945/clinical-effects-in-resection-of-congenital-choledochal-cyst-of-children-and-jejunum-roux-y-anastomosis-by-laparoscope
#16
B-H Yu, F Lin
OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects and complications in resection of the congenital choledochal cyst (CCC) and hepatic duct jejunum Roux-Y anastomosis by laparoscopy and open surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We continuously selected 156 cases of pediatric patients with CCC, which were divided into 70 cases of the laparoscopic group and 86 cases of laparotomy group according to the treatment methods. Then the success rate of surgery, intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, intraoperative and postoperative complications was compared...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869520/outpatient-single-port-laparoscopic-percutaneous-morgagni-hernia-repair-assisted-by-an-optical-forceps
#17
Engin Yilmaz, Cagatay Evrim Afsarlar, Derya Erdogan, Ismet Faruk Ozguner
Morgagni hernia is a relatively rare form of diaphragmatic hernia in the pediatric age group and it is conventionally treated with open surgical repair. Minimal access surgery is currently being adapted for many procedures in children. However, to date just a few techniques have been described relevant to minimal access surgical repair of Morgagni hernia in children. Herein, we report two cases of Morgagni hernia repaired by a new single-port laparoscopic technique assisted by an optical forceps. Two infants, a one-year-old boy and an eight-month-old girl, were operated with this technique in just 26 and 35 min and were discharged with oral analgesic prescription by postoperative hour 5 and 8, respectively...
December 8, 2016: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867857/training-for-mis-in-pediatric-urology-proposition-of-a-structured-training-curriculum
#18
REVIEW
Maria Escolino, Francesco Turrà, Alessandro Settimi, Ciro Esposito
In Europe there are a lot of training centers for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) but a standardized MIS training program in pediatric urology doesn't exist at the moment. We performed a literature review with the last goals to propose a structured training curriculum in MIS urology for pediatric surgeons. Pediatric urologists have to obtain a valid MIS training curriculum completing the following 4 steps: (I) Theoretical part (theoretical courses, masterclass) to acquire theoretical knowledge; (II) experimental training (simulation on pelvic trainer, virtual reality simulators, animal models, 3-D ex-vivo models) to acquire basic laparoscopic skills; (III) stages in European centers of reference for pediatric MIS urology to learn all surgery aspects; (IV) personal operative experience...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867855/laparoscopic-approach-for-gonadectomy-in-pediatric-patients-with-intersex-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Andres Calvo, Maria Escolino, Alessandro Settimi, Agnese Roberti, Maria Grazia Caprio, Ciro Esposito
The birth of a child with a disorder of sex development (DSD) prompts a long-term management strategy that involves a myriad of professionals working with the family. There has been progress in diagnosis, surgical techniques and in understanding psychosocial issues related to this condition. However, since these kinds of disorders are rare and have many anatomical variations, individual care is necessary, especially regarding surgical management. Gonadectomy is indicated in a number of intersex disorders with a Y chromosome to reduce the associated risk of cancer...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867852/laparoscopic-management-of-urachal-cysts
#20
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve
BACKGROUND: The urachus and the urachal remnants represent a failure in the obliteration of the allantois at birth that connects the bladder to the umbilicus. After birth it obliterates and presents as the midline umbilical ligament. Urachal cyst are the most common urachal anomaly in the pediatric population. The traditional surgical approach is a semicircular infraumbilical incision or a lower midline laparotomy. METHODS: In a 10 years period at Pediatric Surgery Department of Vicenza 16 children were diagnosed with urachal anomalies presenting as abdominal or urinary symptoms...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
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