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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501761/improving-the-quality-of-the-intensive-care-follow-up-of-ventilated-patients-during-a-national-registration-program
#1
P Reper, D Dicker, P Damas, W Aelvoet, L Huyghens, M Haelterman
OBJECTIVES: The Belgian Public Health Organization is concerned with rates of hospital-acquired infections like ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Implementing best practice guidelines for these nosocomial infections has variable success in the literature. This retrospective study was undertaken to see whether implementation of the evidence-based practices as a bundle was feasible, would influence compliance, and could reduce the rates of VAP. STUDY DESIGN: We utilized easily collectable data about regular care to rapidly assess whether interventions already in place were effectively successfully applied...
May 11, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474073/-application-of-key-contact-point-management-in-health-education-at-icu-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-cancer-patients
#2
Yue-Lai Yang, Yao Huang, Zhi-Xia Xu, Yue-Li Mao, Hui-Fen Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the effect of key contact point management in health education at ICU for oral and maxillofacial cancer patients. METHODS: Key contact point checklist was constructed by literature review, brain storm, patients review and expert consultation. The patients in the control group accepted routine health education, while patients in the experimental group accepted health education based on key contact point theory. The data were analyzed by nonparametric rank sum test using SPSS 17...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471886/prospective-evaluation-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-improve-outcomes-in-intensive-care-the-promoting-respect-and-ongoing-safety-through-patient-engagement-communication-and-technology-study
#3
Patricia C Dykes, Ronen Rozenblum, Anuj Dalal, Anthony Massaro, Frank Chang, Marsha Clements, Sarah Collins, Jacques Donze, Maureen Fagan, Priscilla Gazarian, John Hanna, Lisa Lehmann, Kathleen Leone, Stuart Lipsitz, Kelly McNally, Conny Morrison, Lipika Samal, Eli Mlaver, Kumiko Schnock, Diana Stade, Deborah Williams, Catherine Yoon, David W Bates
OBJECTIVES: Studies comprehensively assessing interventions to improve team communication and to engage patients and care partners in ICUs are lacking. This study examines the effectiveness of a patient-centered care and engagement program in the medical ICU. DESIGN: Prospective intervention study. SETTING: Medical ICUs at large tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Two thousand one hundred five patient admissions (1,030 before and 1,075 during the intervention) from July 2013 to May 2014 and July 2014 to May 2015...
May 3, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453823/a-flowchart-for-building-evidence-based-care-bundles-in-intensive-care-based-on-a-systematic-review
#4
Marjon Borgert, Jan Binnekade, Frederique Paulus, Astrid Goossens, Dave Dongelmans
Purpose: The Institute for Healthcare Improvement is the founder of the care bundled approach and described the methods used on how to develop care bundles. However, other useful methods are published as well. In this systematic review, we identified what different methods were used to design care bundles in intensive care units. The results were used to build a comprehensive flowchart to guide through the care bundle design process. Data sources: Electronic databases were searched for eligible studies in PubMed, EMBASE and CINAHL from January 2001 to August 2014...
April 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453497/rasch-analysis-of-a-behavioral-checklist-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-adults
#5
Christophe Chenier, Gilles Raiche, Nadine Talbot, Bianca Carignan, Celine Gelinas
Patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) are often unable to report their pain, which is a problem since untreated pain is associated with negative health outcomes. The use of behavioral pain scales are recommended for the detection of the presence of pain in this vulnerable population. Previous validation studies have used classical techniques, and several psychometrics properties remain unknown. In this paper, data obtained from a behavioral checklist of dichotomized items was utilized to evaluate the instrument's dimensionality, its construct validity and its capacity to distinguish between levels of pain by using Rasch measurement...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444071/reducing-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-with-prolonged-acute-mechanical-ventilation-a-quasi-experimental-study
#6
Cecilia Inés Loudet, María Cecilia Marchena, María Roxana Maradeo, Silvia Laura Fernández, María Victoria Romero, Graciela Esther Valenzuela, Isabel Eustaquia Herrera, Martha Teresa Ramírez, Silvia Rojas Palomino, Mariana Virginia Teberobsky, Leandro Ismael Tumino, Ana Laura González, Rosa Reina, Elisa Estenssoro
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a quality management program in reducing the incidence and severity of pressure ulcers in critical care patients. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental, before-and-after study that was conducted in a medical-surgical intensive care unit. Consecutive patients who had received mechanical ventilation for ≥ 96 hours were included. A "Process Improvement" team designed a multifaceted interventional process that consisted of an educational session, a pressure ulcer checklist, a smartphone application for lesion monitoring and decision-making, and a "family prevention bundle"...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438605/identifying-barriers-to-delivering-the-abcde-bundle-to-minimize-adverse-outcomes-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
Deena Kelly Costa, Matthew White, Emily Ginier, Milisa Manojlovich, Sushant Govindan, Theodore J Iwashyna, Anne E Sales
BACKGROUND: Improved outcomes are associated with the Awakening, Breathing Coordination, Delirium and Early mobility/exercise (ABCDE) bundle; however, implementation issues are common. As yet, no study has integrated the barriers to ABCDE to provide an overview of reasons for less successful efforts. The purpose of this review was to identify and catalog the barriers to ABCDE delivery based on a widely used implementation framework, and provide a resource to guide clinicians in overcoming barriers to implementation...
April 21, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427034/taxometric-analyses-and-predictive-accuracy-of-callous-unemotional-traits-regarding-quality-of-life-and-behavior-problems-in-non-conduct-disorder-diagnoses
#8
Pierre C M Herpers, Helen Klip, Nanda N J Rommelse, Mark J Taylor, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have mainly been studied in relation to conduct disorder (CD), but can also occur in other disorder groups. However, it is unclear whether there is a clinically relevant cut-off value of levels of CU traits in predicting reduced quality of life (QoL) and clinical symptoms, and whether CU traits better fit a categorical (taxonic) or dimensional model. Parents of 979 youths referred to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic rated their child's CU traits on the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional traits (ICU), QoL on the Kidscreen-27, and clinical symptoms on the Child Behavior Checklist...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382055/compliance-with-the-standards-for-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-by-nurses-in-the-intensive-care-units
#9
Saiede Masomeh Tabaeian, Ahmadreza Yazdannik, Saeed Abbasi
INTRODUCTION: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common infection in the intensive care unit, and has many side effects such as increased mortality, increased length of hospital stay, and increased health costs. This study aimed to evaluate the compliance with the standards for prevention of VAP by nurses in the intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 120 nurses in 11 intensive care units of hospitals affiliated to Isfahan university of Medical Sciences, Iran, were assessed for 4 months from July to October 2014...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376872/barriers-and-facilitators-to-improve-safety-and-efficiency-of-the-icu-discharge-process-a-mixed-methods-study
#10
Nelleke van Sluisveld, Anke Oerlemans, Gert Westert, Johannes Gerardus van der Hoeven, Hub Wollersheim, Marieke Zegers
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that suboptimal clinical handover from the intensive care unit (ICU) to general wards leads to unnecessary ICU readmissions and increased mortality. We aimed to gain insight into barriers and facilitators to implement and use ICU discharge practices. METHODS: A mixed methods approach was conducted, using 1) 23 individual and four focus group interviews, with post-ICU patients, ICU managers, and nurses and physicians working in the ICU or general ward of ten Dutch hospitals, and 2) a questionnaire survey, which contained 27 statements derived from the interviews, and was completed by 166 ICU physicians (21...
April 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375994/translating-research-to-practice-providing-critically-ill-children-the-opportunity-to-go-home-or-to-hospice-for-end-of-life-care
#11
Harriett Nelson, Sandra Mott
BACKGROUND: A freestanding quaternary pediatric hospital in New England has been facilitating parents' requests to take their child home or to a hospice facility from an Intensive Care Unit at end of life for the withdrawal of life sustaining measures for the past 16 years. However, knowledge of the aftermath of this decision was very limited. Before responding to a growing interest in making this service more available, an exploratory study was done to learn about the parents' perceptions of the experience over time...
May 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351551/effect-of-nocturnal-sound-reduction-on-the-incidence-of-delirium-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#12
Ineke van de Pol, Mat van Iterson, Jolanda Maaskant
INTRODUCTION: Delirium in critically-ill patients is a common multifactorial disorder that is associated with various negative outcomes. It is assumed that sleep disturbances can result in an increased risk of delirium. This study hypothesized that implementing a protocol that reduces overall nocturnal sound levels improves quality of sleep and reduces the incidence of delirium in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: This interrupted time series study was performed in an adult mixed medical and surgical 24-bed ICU...
March 25, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295902/systematic-review-of-gender-dependent-outcomes-in-sepsis
#13
REVIEW
Elizabeth Papathanassoglou, Nicos Middleton, Julie Benbenishty, Ged Williams, Maria-Dolores Christofi, Kathleen Hegadoren
BACKGROUND: Men and women appear to exhibit different susceptibilities to sepsis and possibly divergent outcomes. However, the effect of sex and gender in critical illness outcomes is still controversial and the underlying mechanisms appear to be complex. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to systematically review and synthesize evidence on the influence of sex on outcomes in critically ill adult patients with sepsis, as reported in published studies specifically including investigation of the effect of sex among their aims...
March 12, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287812/views-and-decisions-of-physicians-in-encountering-neonates-with-poor-prognosis
#14
Fatemeh Nayeri, Fariba Asghari, Ali Baser, Leila Janani, Mamak Shariat, Bita Eabrhim
BACKGROUND: With the development of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), new issues have emerged for physicians working in this area, including the ethical aspects of providing invasive and advanced care to neonates with extremely poor prognosis. This research was undertaken with the aim of investing the factors affecting physicians' practice in management of newborns in such complicated circumstances. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out over a period of 5 months (Jan 2012 to Jun 2012) in 9 different tertiary levels and academic NICUs affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286830/mushroom-poisoning-in-the-northeast-of-iran-a-retrospective-6-year-epidemiologic-study
#15
Bita Dadpour, Shahrad Tajoddini, Maliheh Rajabi, Reza Afshari
INTRODUCTION: Toxic mushrooms are distributed across the globe with over 5000 species. Among them, 100 species are responsible for most of the cases of mushroom poisoning. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiologic pattern of mushroom poisoning among patients referred to the main toxicology center of Mashhad province located in North-east of Iran. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on patients with final diagnosis of mushroom poisoning referred to the toxicology center of Mashhad, Iran, from February 2005 to 2011...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275465/checklist-prompting-in-intensive-care-unit-quality-of-care-is-improved-but-long-way-to-go-for-better-outcome
#16
EDITORIAL
Souvik Maitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243862/preoperative-exercise-capacity-is-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elective-cardiac-surgery
#17
Masato Ogawa, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi, Aki Kitamura, Yasunori Tsuboi, Kodai Komaki, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita
BACKGROUND: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a critical complication that is closely associated with mortality and major morbidity in elective cardiac surgery. The identification of patients at risk for POD is crucial but has not been fully explored. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the predictive value of the assessment of preoperative exercise capacity for POD. METHODS: We enrolled 313 consecutive patients (mean age, 68.6 ± 14...
February 28, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239302/parent-grief-1-13-months-after-death-in-neonatal-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#18
JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten, Joy Glaze, Teresita Promise, Changwon Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in mothers' and fathers' grief from 1 to 13 months after infant/child neonatal/pediatric intensive care unit death and identify factors related to their grief. METHODS: Mothers (n = 130) and fathers (n = 52) of 140 children (newborn-18 years) completed the Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist at 1, 3, 6, and 13 months post-death. RESULTS: Grief decreased from 3 to 13 months for mothers and from 3 to 6 months for fathers...
2017: Journal of Loss & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216701/impact-of-modified-quality-control-checklist-on-protocol-adherence-and-outcomes-in-a-post-surgical-intensive-care-unit
#19
Lakshmi Kumar, Meenu Dominic, Sunil Rajan, Sanjeev Singh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Quality improvement (QI) is the sum of all activities that create desired changes in the quality. An effective QI system results in a stepwise increase in quality of care. The efficiency of any health-care unit is judged by its quality indicators. We aimed to evaluate the impact of QI initiatives on outcomes in a surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU). METHODS: This was an observational study carried out using a compliance checklist, developed from the combination of the World Health Organization surgery checklist and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America guidelines for the prevention of infections...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198754/relationship-between-adverse-tracheal-intubation-associated-events-and-picu-outcomes
#20
Margaret M Parker, Gabrielle Nuthall, Calvin Brown, Katherine Biagas, Natalie Napolitano, Lee A Polikoff, Dennis Simon, Michael Miksa, Eleanor Gradidge, Jan Hau Lee, Ashwin S Krishna, David Tellez, Geoffrey L Bird, Kyle J Rehder, David A Turner, Michelle Adu-Darko, Sholeen T Nett, Ashley T Derbyshire, Keith Meyer, John Giuliano, Erin B Owen, Janice E Sullivan, Keiko Tarquinio, Pradip Kamat, Ronald C Sanders, Matthew Pinto, G Kris Bysani, Guillaume Emeriaud, Yuki Nagai, Melissa A McCarthy, Karen H Walson, Paula Vanderford, Anthony Lee, Jesse Bain, Peter Skippen, Ryan Breuer, Sarah Tallent, Vinay Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVE: Tracheal intubation in PICUs is a common procedure often associated with adverse events. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between immediate events such as tracheal intubation associated events or desaturation and ICU outcomes: length of stay, duration of mechanical ventilation, and mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with 35 PICUs using a multicenter tracheal intubation quality improvement database (National Emergency Airway Registry for Children: NEAR4KIDS) from January 2013 to June 2015...
April 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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