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Irritable bowel syndrome emotional factors

Arefeh Erfan, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Saeed Karbasi Amel, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Peyman Adibi
Background: Positive and negative emotional states are the most important factors in treatment and prevention process of psychosomatic diseases. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of emotional schemas' therapy on emotional schemas' modification and difficulties of emotion regulation in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Materials and Methods: This research was implemented in the framework of single-subject experimental design using step-wise multiple baselines plan...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Hannah J Holmes, Elyse R Thakur, Jennifer N Carty, Maisa S Ziadni, Heather K Doherty, Nancy A Lockhart, Howard Schubiner, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Psychological treatments are generally beneficial for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but patients' responses vary. A prior randomized controlled trial found that both relaxation training (RT) and emotional awareness and expression training (EAET) were superior to a waitlist control condition for IBS symptoms, quality of life, depression, and anxiety among IBS patients (Thakur et al., 2017). METHOD: We conducted secondary analyses on these data to examine potential moderators of treatment outcomes...
May 3, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
Danilo Carrozzino, Piero Porcelli
Background: Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct that represents a deficit in the cognitive processing of emotions and is currently understood to be related to a variety of medical and psychiatric conditions. The present review aims to investigate the relationship of alexithymia with gastrointestinal (GI) disorders as functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID, as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) [ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD)] and liver diseases as chronic hepatitis C (CHC), cirrhosis, and liver transplantation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
L Sweeney, R Moss-Morris, W Czuber-Dochan, L Meade, G Chumbley, C Norton
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequently reported symptom of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) experienced by patients in active disease and remission. Psychological factors play a significant role in pain, but have not been systematically reviewed in IBD. AIM: To review psychosocial factors associated with pain in adults diagnosed with IBD. METHODS: Electronic (PsycInfo, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science), and hand-searching were conducted February-May 2017...
March 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Biljana Radovanovic-Dinic, Snezana Tesic-Rajkovic, Sasa Grgov, Gordana Petrovic, Valentina Zivkovic
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic and relapsing functional gastrointestinal disorder that affects 9-23% of the population across the world. Patients with IBS are often referred to gastroenterology, undergo various investigations, take various medicines, take time off work and have a poor quality of life. The pathophysiology of IBS is not yet completely understood and seems to be multifactorial. Many pathogenetic factors, in various combinations, and not all necessarily present in each patient, can play an important role...
March 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
P Rivière, C Zallot, P Desobry, J M Sabaté, J Vergniol, F Zerbib, L Peyrin-Biroulet, D Laharie, F Poullenot
Background: Improvement of quality of life is a main objective in inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] management. Data on sexual dysfunction [SD] in IBD are scarce. This study compared rates of SD between IBD patients and healthy controls [HC], and searched for predictors of SD. Methods: All consecutive IBD patients seen in two tertiary centres during 2 months were invited to fill an anonymous validated questionnaire on their sexual function [Female Sexual Index Function and International Index of Erectile Function]...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aims of this study were to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity, and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (n = 81) and HCs (n = 41) viewed series of neutral, positive, and negative affective pictures...
November 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
Lynn S Walker, Amanda L Stone, Craig A Smith, Stephen Bruehl, Judy Garber, Martina Puzanovova, André Diedrich
Considerable research links chronic pain to autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction, specifically low heart rate variability (HRV) mediated by reduced parasympathetic activity. However, little is known about factors that influence ANS function in chronic pain. The ANS is the primary pathway for brain-gut communication, making it of particular interest in gastrointestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome, characterized by functional abdominal pain (FAP). We evaluated the relation of sex, pain severity, and psychological stress to ANS function in adolescents/young adults from a database of pediatric FAP and control participants enrolled 8 years earlier in a prospective study of pain...
August 2017: Pain
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Emily Leary, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Catastrophizing is a cognitive process characterized by a propensity to concentrate on and magnify the value of an actual or anticipated painful stimulus and negatively assesses one's ability to cope. Catastrophizing is an important predictor of pain-related outcomes. A cornerstone symptom of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is abdominal pain or discomfort. Also individuals with IBS have been reported to have a tendency to catastrophize. In a sample of individuals who suffer from IBS, we hypothesized that those individuals who catastrophize (catastrophizers) would have worse outcomes as compared to those who do not catastrophize (non-catastrophizers)...
August 2017: Quality of Life Research
Albert Park, Mike Conway
BACKGROUND: Major depression is a serious challenge at both the individual and population levels. Although online health communities have shown the potential to reduce the symptoms of depression, emotional contagion theory suggests that negative emotion can spread within a community, and prolonged interactions with other depressed individuals has potential to worsen the symptoms of depression. OBJECTIVE: The goals of our study were to investigate longitudinal changes in psychological states that are manifested through linguistic changes in depression community members who are interacting with other depressed individuals...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Maria Rosaria A Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Carmela Mento, Gianluca Pandolfo, Rocco A Zoccali
The review focuses on those personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness), constructs (alexithymia and distressed - Type D personality) and emotional patterns (negative and positive) that are of particular concern in health psychology, with the aim to highlight their potential role on the pathogenesis, onset, symptom clusters, clinical course, and outcome of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Personality traits and emotional patterns play key roles in affecting autonomic, immune, inflammatory, and endocrine functions, thus contributing not only to IBS clinical expression and symptomatic burden, but also to disease physiopathology...
July 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Emily Leary, Wendy A Henderson
There is limited understanding of the influence of psychosocial factors on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which contributes to management difficulties and ineffective long-term treatment. The goal of the current study was to assess the effect illness representations and coping had on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with IBS. Self-report data were collected from 101 adults with IBS. Illness representations were measured with the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire; catastrophizing was measured with the catastrophizing subscale of the Coping Strategies Questionnaire; and HRQOL was measured using the IBS-Quality of Life Measure...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Phillip J Albrecht, Frank L Rice
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a clinical disorder predominant in females with unknown etiology and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), similar to other afflictions, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Gulf War illness (GFI), and others. External environmental stimuli drive behavior and impact physiologic homeostasis (internal environment) via autonomic functioning. These environments directly impact the individual affective state (mind), which feeds back to regulate physiology (body)...
June 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Ulrike Deetjen, John A Powell
OBJECTIVE: This research examines the extent to which informational and emotional elements are employed in online support forums for 14 purposively sampled chronic medical conditions and the factors that influence whether posts are of a more informational or emotional nature. METHODS: Large-scale qualitative data were obtained from Based on a hand-coded training dataset, all posts were classified into informational or emotional using a Bayesian classification algorithm to generalize the findings...
May 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Shan Li, Guijun Fei, Xiucai Fang, Xilin Yang, Xiaohong Sun, Jiaming Qian, Jackie D Wood, Meiyun Ke
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Physical and/or emotional stresses are important factors in the exacerbation of symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Several lines of evidence support that a major impact of stress on the gastrointestinal tract occurs via the enteric nervous system. We aimed to evaluate histological changes in the submucosal plexus (SMP) and myenteric plexus (MP) of the distal ileum in concert with the intestinal motor function in a rat model of IBS with diarrhea. METHODS: The rat model was induced by heterotypic chronic and acute stress (CAS)...
April 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Randy A Sansone, Lori A Sansone
Irritable bowel syndrome is allegedly the most common gastrointestinal diagnosis in the United States. The etiology of this syndrome appears to entail the interaction of both genes and the environment. One potential environmental contributory factor to irritable bowel syndrome is abuse in childhood. Of the various forms of abuses previously examined, sexual abuse in childhood appears to be the most patent contributor. However, both emotional and physical abuses may also contribute to irritable bowel syndrome, although less distinctly...
May 2015: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
Leah M Adams, Dennis C Turk
Central sensitivity syndromes (CSSs) represent a heterogeneous group of disorders (e.g., fibromyalgia [FM], irritable bowel syndrome [IBS], chronic headache, temporomandibular disorders [TMDs], pelvic pain syndromes) that share many common symptoms, with persistent pain being the most prominent feature. Although the etiology and pathophysiology of CSSs are currently incompletely understood, central sensitization has emerged as one of the significant mechanisms. Given that there are currently no known cures for CSSs, people living with these disorders must learn to cope with and manage their symptoms throughout their lives...
2015: Current Rheumatology Reviews
Mina Mazaheri, Shekoufeh Nikneshan, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Hamid Afshar
BACKGROUND: Personality traits and emotion regulation processes play an important role in human health. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of positive personality traits (psychological hardiness and interpersonal forgiveness) in emotion regulation of patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. METHODS: The research was a cross-sectional study. Statistical population included all of IBS patients referred to the Subspecialty Center of Psychiatry in Isfahan in 2013...
April 2015: Iranian Journal of Public Health
M A Osadchuk, V O Burdina
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism (s) of action of gastrointestinal hormones in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and the correlation between gastrointestinal hormones and psychological factors. Patients with IBS were divided into IBS with normal emotional state ratings and IBS in anxiety-depressive states groups. The two groups were then subdivided into IBS-constipation predominant (IBS-C) and IBS-diarrhea predominant (IBS-D) groups. Non-IBS patients with normal depression and anxiety ratings were recruited as controls...
2015: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Nanthiney Devi Ragavan, Suresh Kumar Govind, Tan Tian Chye, Sanjiv Mahadeva
Blastocystis is one of the most common gut parasites found in the intestinal tract of humans and animals. We have previously reported the irregular shedding of Blastocystis cysts in stools from infected patients. In the present study, we assess the factors influencing shedding patterns from a Blastocystis ST3-infected IBS patient. The stools samples were voluntarily submitted for examination for a period of 30 days from Blastocystis ST3-infected IBS patient. A questionnaire on the factors that could influence the shedding pattern of the cysts was designed to assess the following information: (a) the frequency of frequenting the toilet in a day, (b) the timing of frequenting the toilet, (c) the stool forms, (d) the type of mood the patient was in when frequenting the toilet and (e) food intake...
August 2015: Parasitology Research
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