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Rome III adolescents

Clara Sampaio, Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo Bastos Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between constipation and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and nocturnal enuresis in a population-based study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The criteria for inclusion were children and adolescents of between 5 and 17 years and who agreed to sign the informed consent form. The study excluded students with neurological problems or who had documented abnormalities of the urinary tract. To identify the presence and severity of LUTD, we used the Voiding Dysfunction Symptom Score (DVSS)...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Peter L Lu, Carlos A Velasco-Benítez, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the role of gender and age in the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional constipation (FC) in Colombian children. We hypothesized that the prevalence of IBS and FC would be higher in female adolescents than younger female children, with no corresponding difference in males. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of Colombian children. Subjects completed the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Vidyut Bhatia, Shivani Deswal, Swati Seth, Akshay Kapoor, Anupam Sibal, Sarath Gopalan
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs) are emerging as an important cause of morbidity in adolescents globally. The prevalence of FGIDs among Indian children or adolescents is not clear. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based survey conducted in 1115 children aged 10-17 years attending four semi urban government schools of National capital territory (NCT) of Delhi. Rome III questionnaire was translated into Hindi and was filled by the students under supervision...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
G Dhroove, M Saps, C Garcia-Bueno, A Levya Jiménez, L L Rodriguez-Reynosa, C A Velasco-Benítez
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Functional gastrointestinal disorders are among the most common chronic disorders in children worldwide. Studies in schoolchildren from various Latin American countries have shown a high prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders, but their prevalence in Mexican schoolchildren is unknown. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in Mexican schoolchildren in accordance with the Rome III criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children and adolescents from public and private schools in Monterrey and Cuernavaca privately completed the Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III Version (QPGS-III) in class, using the same methods and questionnaires of previous studies conducted by our group in other Latin American countries...
August 19, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Craig A Friesen, John M Rosen, Jennifer V Schurman
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to evaluate the overlap frequency of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and overactive bladder syndrome (OBS), as well as other gastrointestinal and systemic symptoms, in functional dyspepsia (FD). Additionally, we sought to determine whether adult Rome III FD subtypes were uniquely related to overlap syndromes or symptoms. METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of 100 consecutive pediatric patients, age 8-17 years, diagnosed with FD...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Shaman Rajindrajith, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc Alexander Benninga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare functional constipation (FC) and constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) in adolescents. METHOD: A school based survey was conducted involving adolescents aged 13-18 years. A set of validated questionnaires including Rome III questionnaire for functional gastrointestinal disorders in children/adolescents, somatization inventory, quality of life inventory, and childhood traumatic events inventory were used for data collection...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Nishadi Ranasinghe, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc Alexander Benninga, Marieke van Dijk, Shaman Rajindrajith
OBJECTIVES: To assess psychological maladjustment in adolescents with functional constipation. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in five schools. Adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years were included in the study. Validated questionnaires were used to collect bowel habits and demographic data, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological maladjustment. Rome III criteria were used to diagnose constipation. RESULTS: 1697 adolescents were recruited (boys 779 (45...
July 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Aart A van der Wilt, Bart P W van Wunnik, Rosel Sturkenboom, Ingrid J Han-Geurts, Jarno Melenhorst, Marc A Benninga, Cor G M I Baeten, Stephanie O Breukink
PURPOSE: Functional constipation in children and adolescents is a common and invalidating condition. In a minority of patients, symptoms persist despite optimal conservative therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the short-term effects of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in children and adolescents with constipation are sustained over prolonged period of time. METHODS: Patients aged 10-20 years, with refractory constipation, fulfilling the Rome III criteria, were included in our study...
August 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Jian-Ping Shau, Po-Hon Chen, Chan-Fai Chan, Yung-Cheng Hsu, Tzee-Chung Wu, Frank E James, Wen-Han Pan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fast-food consumption has greatly increased in Taiwan. Frequent fast food intake is associated with both allergy and obesity. The aim of this study was to describe fast food habit changes, and to assess the relationship between fast food intake and the risk of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) among Taiwanese adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This analysis used data from the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT) of high school students conducted in 2011...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Meredith L Lewis, Olafur S Palsson, William E Whitehead, Miranda A L van Tilburg
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents in a representative community sample of the US. STUDY DESIGN: The study recruited a general population sample of mothers (n = 949) of children and adolescents aged 4-18 years. Child and adolescent GI symptoms were assessed using parental report through online questionnaires, including the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms and the PedsQL4...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Jeffrey S Hyams, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Miguel Saps, Robert J Shulman, Annamaria Staiano, Miranda van Tilburg
Characterization of childhood and adolescent functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) has evolved during the two decade long Rome process now culminating in Rome IV. The era of diagnosing a FGID only when organic disease has been excluded is waning,as we now have evidence to support symptom-based diagnosis. In child/adolescent Rome IV we extend this concept by removing the dictum that there was "no evidence for organic disease" in all definitions and replacing it with "after appropriate medical evaluation the symptoms cannot be attributed to another medical condition"...
February 15, 2016: Gastroenterology
Funda Özgenç, Aybüke Akaslan Kara, Nilüfer Demiral Yılmaz, Şerife Şebnem Önen, Tuncay Öğretmen, Çiğdem Ömür Ecevit, Süleyman Ayhan Çalışkan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Rome III version (QPGS-RIII), originally developed in English, was adapted to different languages in order to widen its use. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a questionnaire on the Pediatric QPGS-RIII parent-report form for children and self-report form for children and adolescents, which has been adapted into Turkish. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 7-18-year-old children/adolescents (n=690) who presented to Ege University School of Medicine, Department of Child Health and Diseases outpatient clinic...
March 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Elham Talachian, Ali Bidari, Hamed Zahmatkesh
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) entail several distinct conditions that collectively account for a sizeable proportion of patients complaining of abdominal pain. Physicians' awareness is fundamental to avoid unnecessary evaluations and to alleviate stress-related problems. This study aimed to assess the relative frequencies of FGIDs and related categories in a selected Iranian population. METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study in a gastroenterology clinic of a tertiary care pediatric hospital in Iran...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ekong Udoh, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Shaman Rajindrajith, Martin Meremikwu, Marc Alexander Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, pattern, and predisposing factors of abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs) in adolescent Nigerians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2 states in the southern part of Nigeria in June 2014. Adolescents of age 10 to 18 years were recruited from 11 secondary schools using a stratified random sampling technique. A validated self-administered questionnaire on Rome III criteria for diagnosing AP-FGIDs and its determinants were filled by the participants in a classroom setting...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Amara Nassar-Sheikh Rashid, Jan A Taminiau, Marc A Benninga, Miguel Saps, Merit M Tabbers
OBJECTIVES: Functional disorders of the upper gastrointestinal tract are frequently diagnosed in children. Four different clinical entities are addressed by the Rome III committee: functional dyspepsia (FD), cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), adolescent rumination syndrome (ARS), and aerophagia. Management of these disorders is often difficult leading to a wide variety in therapeutic interventions. We hypothesize that definitions and outcome measures in these studies are heterogeneous as well...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Tamar Ringel-Kulka, Chang Hwan Choi, Daniel Temas, Ari Kim, Daniele M Maier, Karen Scott, Joseph A Galanko, Yehuda Ringel
OBJECTIVES: Dysbiosis leading to abnormal intestinal fermentation has been suggested as a possible etiological mechanism in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aimed to investigate the location and magnitude of altered intestinal bacterial fermentation in IBS and its clinical subtypes. METHODS: IBS patients who satisfied the Rome III criteria (114) and 33 healthy controls (HC) were investigated. Intestinal fermentation was assessed using two surrogate measures: intestinal intraluminal pH and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)...
September 2015: American Journal of Gastroenterology
V Queiroz Machado, A Monteiro, A Peçanha, E Garcez da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Many theories have been proposed for the coexistence of constipation and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD), such as bladder compression from a distended rectum and stimulation of sacral reflexes from a full rectum. In these cases, successful treatment of constipation should result in resolution of bladder symptoms. Some children have refractory constipation and others respond well to treatment, but once treatment is discontinued most children relapse back into their constipation...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Christina M Marciniak, Jungwha Lee, Michael Jesselson, Deborah Gaebler-Spira
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and type of bowel symptoms, and their impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban, outpatient rehabilitation facility. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with CP (N=91; 46 men, 45 women; mean age, 36y; age range, 18-79y). INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants were interviewed using standardized instruments to assess the frequency and types of bowel dysfunction...
December 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Tatyana Kugler
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The major causes of functional dyspepsia (FD) are motility dysfunction and visceral hypersensitivity. Despite the large number of diagnostic tests, there are no convenient methods for evaluation of gastric functions. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the relationship between the degree of dyspepsia and gastric accommodation, emptying, and sensitivity. METHODS: A total of 120 FD patients that met the Rome III criteria and 30 healthy volunteers were included in this cross-sectional study...
August 2015: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Marcia R F Torres, Maria do Carmo B de Melo, Flávia A C Purcino, Joana C Maia, Natália A Aliani, Henrique C Rocha
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze the knowledge, approaches, and practices of pediatricians participating in a regional pediatric conference regarding functional constipation (FC) to identify knowledge gaps. METHODS: Cross-sectional regional study based on a semistructured questionnaire related to the Rome III criteria and the participant profiles. RESULTS: Of 400 questionnaires distributed, 264 (66.0%) were completed. Most pediatricians (76...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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