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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522319/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#1
Lynn M Yee, Aaron B Caughey, Yvonne W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain above or below the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Although it has been well established that excess gestational weight gain is associated with the development of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, the relationship between gestational weight gain and adverse perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational (chronic) hypertension is less clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between gestational weight gain above and below IOM guidelines and perinatal outcomes in a large, population-based cohort of women with chronic hypertension...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514320/preoperative-warming-versus-no-preoperative-warming-for-maintenance-of-normothermia-in-women-receiving-intrathecal-morphine-for-cesarean-delivery-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Judy Munday, Sonya Osborne, Patsy Yates, David Sturgess, Lee Jones, Edward Gosden
BACKGROUND: Rates of hypothermia for women undergoing spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery are high and prevention is desirable. This trial compared the effectiveness of preoperative warming versus usual care among women receiving intrathecal morphine, which is thought to exacerbate perioperative heat loss. METHODS: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared 20 minutes of forced air warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) versus no active preoperative warming (plus intravenous fluid warming) in 50 healthy American Society of Anesthesiologists graded II women receiving intrathecal morphine as part of spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery...
May 12, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511469/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-newborns-with-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-level-3-neonatal-unit-in-western-india
#3
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Archana Somashekhar Nimbalkar, Amit R Kungwani, Dipen Vasudev Patel, Ankur Rajinder Sethi, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
INTRODUCTION: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a serious condition in neonatal care. It complicates the management necessitating the restrictive use of medications. AIM: To evaluate clinical profile, identify associated and prog-nostic factors in newborns with AKI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case control study done between January 2008 to January 2010. Total 1745 newborns were admitted, of which 74 babies had AKI. It was defined as serum creatinine >1...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#4
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475393/fetal-scalp-stimulation-fss-versus-fetal-blood-sampling-fbs-for-women-with-abnormal-fetal-heart-rate-monitoring-in-labor-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
U Tahir Mahmood, C O'Gorman, Z Marchocki, Y M O'Brien, D J Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of fetal scalp stimulation (FSS) compared to fetal blood sampling (FBS) as a second line test of fetal wellbeing in labor. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted including 298 fetal blood sampling procedures performed due to abnormal fetal cardiotocography (CTG). Two independent observers interpreted the CTG following stimulation. The FSS test was classified as normal when an elicited acceleration and/or provoked fetal heart rate variability was recorded...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464255/surgical-apgar-score-sas-predicts-perioperative-morbidity-mortality-and-length-of-stay-in-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy-at-a-high-volume-center
#6
Danica N Giugliano, Andrew Morgan, Francesco Palazzo, Benjamin E Leiby, Nathaniel R Evans, Ernest L Rosato, Adam C Berger
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy carries considerable morbidity. Many studies have evaluated factors to predict patients at risk. This study aimed to determine whether the surgical Apgar score (SAS) predicts complications and length of stay (LOS) for patients undergoing esophagectomy. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 212 patients undergoing esophagectomy. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo scale and the SAS was determined. Association of SAS with incidence of complications was evaluated using the Cochran-Armitage trend test between grouped SAS scores (0-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10) and each of the outcomes...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462601/neonatal-factors-among-subjects-diagnosed-with-a-pervasive-developmental-disorder-in-the-us
#7
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
PURPOSE: Contradictory studies suggest that some neonatal factors may be associated with a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) diagnosis, but limited data is available from longitudinal, prospective medical record assessments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present hypothesis-testing longitudinal, case-control study evaluated birth characteristics among cases diagnosed with a PDD in comparison to controls by examining prospectively collected automated medical records within the Vaccine Safety Datalink (VSD) database...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456010/substance-use-and-suicide-risk-in-a-sample-of-young-colombian-adults-an-exploration-of-psychosocial-factors
#8
Angela J Pereira-Morales, Ana Adan, Andrés Camargo, Diego A Forero
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Young adults might engage in many risk behaviors, including alcohol and drug use, which could lead to mental health problems, such as suicide. The aim of this study was to examine specific psychosocial and clinical factors that could influence the possible relationship between polysubstance use (PSU) and suicide risk in a sample of young Colombian participants. METHODS: A sample of 274 young participants (mean age = 21.3 years) was evaluated with two substance use screening tests (ASSIST and AUDIT) and five scales for clinical and psychosocial factors and suicide risk: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety scale, Family APGAR, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the Plutchik Suicide Risk scale...
June 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407656/high-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy-is-not-a-protective-factor-for-preterm-infants-with-very-low-birth-weight-a-case-control-study
#9
Annibal Tagliaferri Sabino, Eduardo de Souza, Ana Lucia Goulart, Adriana Martins de Lima, Nelson Sass
Objective To evaluate whether the presence of maternal blood pressure reduces the risks of morbidity, perinatal mortality and morbidity at 24 months of age in very low birth weight infants (VLBWIs) compared with a control group. Methods A retrospective, observational, case-control study. Total 49 VLBWIs were allocated to the study group, called the maternal arterial hypertension group (AHG), and matched with 44 in the control group (CG). The infants were assessed during hospitalization and at 12 and 24 months corrected age at a specialized clinic...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#10
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394173/sheep-isolated-secondary-follicles-are-able-to-produce-metaphase-ii-oocytes-after-vitrification-and-long-term-in-vitro-growth
#11
Franciele Osmarini Lunardi, Francisco Leo Nascimento de Aguiar, Livia Brunetti Apolloni, Ana Beatriz Graça Duarte, Naiza Arcângela Ribeiro de Sá, Érica Suzanne Soares Leal, Antonia Debora Sales, Carlos Henrique Lobo, Cláudio Cabral Campello, Johan Smitz, Gary Allen Apgar, José Ricardo de Figueiredo, Ana Paula Ribeiro Rodrigues
The vitrification of preantral follicles followed by in vitro growth (IVG) could be valuable to produce fertilizable oocytes. However, the meiotic resumption rates of oocytes cultured from vitrified secondary follicles (SF) have been reported as suboptimal. This study aimed to verify two base media (alpha modification of minimum essential medium, α-MEM, and tissue culture medium 199, TCM199) on vitrified SF regarding different requirements during IVG. Sheep ovarian fragments were divided in six groups: (1) Fresh groups (Control α-MEM and TCM199): SF without vitrification; (2) Follicle-Vitrified (Follicle-Vit α-MEM and TCM199): SF vitrified after isolation; and (3) Tissue-Vitrified (Tissue-Vit α-MEM and TCM199): SF vitrified enclosed in ovarian fragments and, subsequently, isolated...
April 10, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390612/the-results-of-newborn-hearing-screening-by-means-of-transient-otoacoustic-emissions-has-anything-changed-over-10-years
#12
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Grazyna Greczka, Piotr Dabrowski, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVES: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) has become the standard of care in many countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of UNHS after ten years of the program in Poland and to compare them with the results of 2003. METHODS: In the study, we analyze the results of UNHS in the University Hospital in Poznan, Poland. Between 01.01.2013 and 31.12.2013, 6827 children were examined by means of otoacoustic emissions. RESULTS: Risk factors (RF) were identified in 772 (11...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384113/the-5-minute-apgar-score-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-development-and-progression-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
Vasil G Marinov, Desislava N Koleva-Georgieva, Nelly P Sivkova, Maya B Krasteva
BACKGROUND: A low Apgar score at 5 minutes has been shown to be a risk factor for development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). AIM: To examine the prognostic value of Apgar score at 5 minutes for development and progression of ROP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 132 preterm infants who were screened from 4th week of life onward. Of these, 118 newborns were given Apgar score at 5 minutes. The prognostic significance of this index was studied as an absolute value and as a value ≤ 6...
March 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360439/baricity-of-bupivacaine-on-maternal-hemodynamics-after-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Simin Atashkhoei, Naghi Abedini, Hojjat Pourfathi, Ali Bahrami Znoz, Pouya Hatami Marandi
BACKGROUND: After spinal anesthesia, patients undergoing cesarean section are more likely to develop hemodynamic changes. The baricity of local anesthetic has an important role on spinal blockade effects. The aim of this study was to compare the isobar and hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% plus fentanyl on maternal hemodynamics after spinal anesthesia for C/S. METHODS: In this double-blind study, 84 healthy pregnant women undergoing C/S using bupivacaine 0.5% isobar (study group, n=42) or hyperbaric (control group, n=42) for spinal anesthesia were scheduled...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358385/group-versus-traditional-prenatal-care-in-low-risk-women-delivering-at-term-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
E B Carter, K Barbier, R Sarabia, G A Macones, A G Cahill, M G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: Group prenatal care (GC) models are receiving increasing attention as a means of preventing preterm birth; yet, there are limited data on whether group care improves perinatal outcomes in women who deliver at term. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our institutional experience with GC over the past decade and test the hypothesis that GC, compared with traditional individual care (TC), improves perinatal outcomes in women who deliver at term. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women delivering at term who participated in GC compared with TC...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357560/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-after-induction-of-labor-a-population-based-study
#16
Christoph Zenzmaier, Hermann Leitner, Christoph Brezinka, Willi Oberaigner, Martina König-Bachmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes at and beyond term associated with induction of labor compared to spontaneous onset of labor stratified by week of gestational age. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, data form 402,960 singleton pregnancies from the Austria Perinatal Registry were used to estimate odds ratios of secondary cesarean delivery, operative vaginal delivery, epidural analgesia, fetal scalp blood testing, episiotomy, 3rd/4th-degree lacerations, retained placenta, 5-min APGAR <7, umbilical artery pH <7...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337896/maternal-obesity-and-perinatal-oxidative-stress-the-strength-of-the-association
#17
S Negro, T Boutsikou, D D Briana, M L Tataranno, M Longini, F Proietti, F Bazzini, C Dani, A Malamitsi-Puchner, G Buonocore, S Perrone
Maternal obesity is a chronic inflammatory state, which has been shown to induce increased levels of free fatty acids, reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cells. Recent evidence reveals increased levels of lipid peroxidation products in the plasma of obese women during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that maternal overweight or obesity is associated with increased oxidative stress (OS) in offspring. Two hundred and forty-five pregnant women and their newborns were prospectively enrolled...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282778/the-effects-of-umbilical-cord-entanglement-upon-labor-management-and-fetal-health-retrospective-case-control-study
#18
Nuriye Buyukkayaci Duman, Senay Topuz, Mehmet Omer Bostanci, Umit Gorkem, Derya Yuksel Kocak, Cihan Togrul, Tayfun Gungor
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study aimed at determining prognostic factors that paved the way for umbilical cord entanglement (UCE) and the effects of UCE upon labor management and fetal health. METHODS: Sixty women who gave term birth with head presentation and received UCE diagnosis following birth composed the case group while another 60 women with the same characteristics who were selected with randomized sampling method and who did not develop UCE comprised the control group...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274014/urinary-uric-acid-creatinine-ratio-a-marker-for-perinatal-asphyxia
#19
Kinjal Prahaladbhai Patel, Mayur Goradhanbhai Makadia, Vishwal Indravardan Patel, Haridas Neelakandan Nilayangode, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Perinatal hypoxia is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in developing countries. Both apgar score and arterial blood pH predict the neonatal mortality in asphyxia. Apgar score alone does not predict neurologic outcome and as it is influenced by various factors. This study was conducted to evaluate the utility and sensitivity of urinary uric acid to creatinine ratio (UA/Cr ratio) in asphyxia diagnosis, compared to invasive Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) analysis. AIM: To assess the urinary uric acid/creatinine ratio as an additional marker for perinatal asphyxia compared with ABG analysis in apgar score monitoring...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274003/comparative-study-on-antenatal-and-perinatal-outcome-of-vivax-and-falciparum-malaria-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-kolkata-india
#20
Mousumi Datta, Jhuma Biswas, Shyamal Dasgupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Subhendu Choudhury, Sandip Kumar Sengupta, Prakash Das
INTRODUCTION: Malaria occurring in pregnancy is associated with considerable maternal and perinatal morbidity. In India, the problem is compounded by dual parasitological aetiology of Plasmodiumvivax (P.vivax) and Plasmodium falciparum (P.falciparum). AIM: To compare the outcome of infections by P. vivax and P.falciparum species among pregnant women in a hospital setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pregnant women who tested positive for malaria either by microscopy of peripheral blood smear or ELISA test for double antigen were enrolled in the study...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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