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APGAR test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093112/clinical-indicators-of-blood-gas-disturbances-elevated-l-lactate-concentration-and-other-abnormal-blood-parameters-in-newborn-beef-calves
#1
E R Homerosky, N A Caulkett, E Timsit, E A Pajor, J P Kastelic, M C Windeyer
Blood gas disturbances, commonly resulting from dystocia, are associated with failed transfer of passive immunity, morbidity and mortality in newborn calves. Modified APGAR scores intended to identify compromised calves are not widely adopted due to lack of practicality and inconsistent associations with blood parameters. The objective of this study was to determine clinical indicators of acidemia in newborn beef calves. Blood parameters at 10 min and 24 h after birth were compared to at-birth clinical examination parameters and calving characteristics in 77 commercial beef calves...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074994/-normoglycemic-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-pregnancy-report-of-one-case
#2
Margarita Rivas M, Pamela Belmar Z, Pilar Durruty A, Lilian Sanhueza M, Gloria López S
Normoglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis should be suspected in pregnant women presenting nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and anorexia. We report a 39 years old woman with a 32 weeks pregnancy who sought emergency care due to hyperemesis. She was hospitalized with the following diagnoses: pregnancy hypertension syndrome, gestational diabetes, morbid obesity and poor prenatal control. The evaluation of the feto-placental unit showed perception of fetal movements, non-reactive non-stress baseline record and a biophysical profile of 6/8...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050462/to-study-the-correlation-of-thompson-scoring-in-predicting-early-neonatal-outcome-in-post-asphyxiated-term-neonates
#3
Dalip Kumar Bhagwani, Manisha Sharma, Stanzin Dolker, Sharada Kothapalli
INTRODUCTION: Throughout the world each year, an estimated 23% of the 4 million neonatal deaths and 8% of all deaths in <5 years of age are associated with signs of asphyxia at birth. AIM: To study the role of cord arterial blood gas analysis at birth and serial Thompson score in predicting the early neonatal outcome in post asphyxiated term neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Department of Paediatrics, in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi from May 2014 to February...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993245/-mental-problems-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-the-population-displaced-by-violence-in-colombia-results-of-the-national-mental-health-survey-2015
#4
Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Carlos Javier Rincón Rodríguez, Cecilia de Santacruz, Nubia Bautista Bautista, Jaime Collazos, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Colombia has a large population exposed to violence. Our data suggest a significant number displaced by the conflict. As there is an increased risk of vulnerability, their problems and mental disorders need to be assessed in order to determine specific treatments. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of problems and mental disorders in those internally displaced by the conflict. METHODS: Data was obtained from the National Mental Health Survey 2015...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958634/effect-of-morphological-and-functional-changes-in-the-secundines-on-biometric-parameters-of-newborns-from-dichorionic-twin-pregnancies
#5
Małgorzata Waszak, Krystyna Cieślik, Marek Pietryga, Jacek Lewandowski, Marek Chuchracki, Ewa Nowak-Markwitz, Grzegorz Bręborowicz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine if, and to what extent, structural and functional changes of the secundines influence biometric parameters of neonates from dichorionic twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included neonates from dichorionic, diamniotic twin pregnancies, along with their secundines. Based on histopathological examination of the secundines, the mass and dimensions of the placenta, length and condition of the umbilical cord, chorionicity, focal lesions, and microscopic placental abnormalities were determined for 445 pairs of twins...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939832/morbidity-and-mortality-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-taiwan-changes-in-15-years-a-population-based-study
#6
Yi-Yu Su, Shih-Hsin Wang, Hung-Chieh Chou, Chien-Yi Chen, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Po-Nien Tsao, Kuo-Inn Tsou
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants account for over 50% of perinatal deaths in Taiwan. This study aimed to identify changes in parental characteristics, perinatal conditions, mortality, and major neonatal morbidities for VLBW infants in Taiwan, and to highlight the challenges faced by patients, families, and caregivers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the mortality and morbidity of VLBW infants registered in the Taiwan Premature Infant Follow-up Network from 1997 through 2011...
December 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936482/intrahepatic-cholestasis-of-pregnancy-icp-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
V Keitel, C Dröge, S Stepanow, T Fehm, E Mayatepek, K Köhrer, D Häussinger
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) represents the most common pregnancy-related liver disease in women. Women frequently present in the third trimester with pruritus and elevated serum bile acid and/or alanine transaminase levels. Clinical symptoms quickly resolve after delivery; however, recurrence in subsequent pregnancies has to be expected. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is associated with increased perinatal complications, such as premature delivery, meconium staining of the amniotic fluid, respiratory distress, low Apgar scores, and even stillbirth...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912944/effect-of-li4-and-bl32-acupressure-on-labor-pain-and-delivery-outcome-in-the-first-stage-of-labor-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Giti Ozgoli, Sedigheh Sedigh Mobarakabadi, Reza Heshmat, Hamid Alavi Majd, Zohreh Sheikhan
OBJECTIVE: This study examines and compares the effect of LI4 and BL32 acupressure with each other and control group on labor pain and delivery outcomes. DESIGN: In this randomized controlled trial, 105 primiparous women in active phase of first-stage of labor were equally assigned to two experimental groups [acupressure on LI4 (n=35) or BL32 (n=35)] and a control group (n=35). INTERVENTIONS: The experimental groups received routine labor care and acupressure in LI4 or BL32 points in three cervical dilatations (4-5, 6-7, and 8-10cm)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906195/congenital-hypothyroidism-with-delayed-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-elevation-in-premature-infants-born-at-less-than-30-weeks-gestation
#9
D C Kaluarachchi, T T Colaizy, L M Pesce, M Tansey, J M Klein
OBJECTIVE: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) with delayed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation is a common form of thyroid dysfunction among premature infants. Routine newborn screening (NBS) may miss infants with CH with delayed TSH elevation. The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of CH with delayed TSH elevation in premature infants and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum thyroid function screening (TFS) at day of life 30 in premature infants <30 weeks gestation, admitted to University of Iowa Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891368/is-the-mean-platelet-volume-a-predictive-marker-of-a-low-apgar-score-and-insulin-resistance-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#10
Levent Kebapcilar, Ayse Gul Kebapcilar, Tolgay Tuyan Ilhan, Suleyman Hilmi Ipekci, Suleyman Baldane, Aybike Pekin, Mustafa Kulaksizoglu, Cetin Celik
INTRODUCTION: Gestational diabetes is defined as various degrees of glucose intolerance diagnosed or detected for the first time during pregnancy and is the most common metabolic complication of pregnancy. Early diagnosis and adequate treatment are important to prevent complications. Pre-eclampsia, polyhydramnios, fetalmacrosomia, and operative delivery are some of the complications seen in pregnant women diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). AIM: The present study was designed to determine whether there was an association between Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in predicting poor fetal outcome, insulin resistance, neonatal Apgar scores and gestational age for women with GDM...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820621/association-of-anesthesia-and-surgery-during-childhood-with-long-term-academic-performance
#11
Pia Glatz, Rolf H Sandin, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna-Karin Bonamy, Lars I Eriksson, Fredrik Granath
Importance: The results of preclinical studies suggest that anesthetic drugs administered to neonatal animals cause widespread neuronal apoptosis and later neurocognitive impairment. Adequately powered studies in the pediatric surgical population are scarce, and it is unclear whether such preclinical findings are relevant for the pediatric setting. Objective: To examine the association of anesthesia and surgery before age 4 years with long-term academic and cognitive performance indexed by school grades at age 16 years and IQ test scores at military conscription...
January 2, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796051/change-of-cystatin-c-values-in-preterm-infants-with-asphyxia-from-two-centers-of-china
#12
Yang Yang, Yue Wu, Jing-Jing Pan, Rui Cheng
BACKGROUND: To explore the values of cystatin C (Cys-C) in asphyxial preterm babies as an effective endogenous marker of renal function. METHODS: After birth, preterm infants with 5-minute Apgar score <8 were included into the asphyxia group. Finally, 276 preterm infants born in two neonatal intensive care units were studied (including 78 babies in the asphyxia group and 198 babies in the control group). Blood samples were obtained from peripheral veins on day 1, day 7, and day 28 when routine blood screening tests were performed...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795900/evaluation-of-cord-blood-irisin-levels-in-term-newborns-with-small-gestational-age-and-appropriate-gestational-age
#13
Esengul Keleş, Filiz Fatime Turan
BACKGROUND: Most recently, a novel myokine, named irisin, was identified in human that expressed by skeletal muscle after exercise. Irisin increases energy expenditure by turning white adipose tissue into brown adipose tissue. Thus improves carbohydrate homeostasis in humans. Irisin is considered as a potential biomarker for obesity and metabolic syndrome. In recent years, numerous studies have been conducted about irisin with adults, although number of studies with newborns is limited...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790526/effect-of-continued-support-of-midwifery-students-in-labour-on-the-childbirth-and-labour-consequences-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Nahid Bolbol-Haghighi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth experience is a process throughout women's life and the most important consequence of labour. Support is the key factor to have a positive experience of childbirth. In order to improve and reduce the stress and anxiety levels in women during labour and cope with the childbirth pain, the emotional, physical and educational support of doulas can be used. AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of continued support of midwifery students in labour on the childbirth and labour consequences...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782947/prediction-of-outcome-after-emergency-high-risk-intra-abdominal-surgery-using-the-surgical-apgar-score
#15
Mirjana Cihoric, Line Toft Tengberg, Morten Bay-Nielsen, Nicolai Bang Foss
BACKGROUND: With current literature quoting mortality rates up to 45%, emergency high-risk abdominal surgery has, compared with elective surgery, a significantly greater risk of death and major complications. The Surgical Apgar Score (SAS) is predictive of outcome in elective surgery, but has never been validated exclusively in an emergency setting. METHODS: A consecutive prospective single-center cohort study of 355 adults undergoing emergency high-risk abdominal surgery between June 2013 and May 2014 is presented...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770527/role-of-viral-pathogens-in-infants-with-systemic-infection-at-the-newborn-intensive-care-units-in-georgia
#16
M Kochlamazashvili, Kh Khatiashvili, M Butsashvili, O Chubinishvili, Sh Khetsuriani, G Kamkamidze
In Georgia, causative agents among infants with systemic infections are generally not identified and "neonatal sepsis" is usually diagnosed and treated without determining the etiology. The objective of this study was to estimate the role of viral pathogens (Herpesviridae and Enteroviruses) among neonates with generalized infections. A cross-sectional study was performed among neonates younger than <8 weeks admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at the two largest pediatric hospitals in Tbilisi, Georgia...
September 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769196/cardiotocography-in-breech-versus-vertex-delivery-an-examiner-blinded-cross-sectional-nested-case-control-study
#17
Elli Toivonen, Outi Palomäki, Heini Huhtala, Jukka Uotila
BACKGROUND: The safety of vaginal breech delivery has been debated for decades. Although it has been shown to predispose infants to immediate depression, several observational studies have also shown that attempting vaginal breech delivery does not increase perinatal morbidity or low Apgar score at the age of five minutes. Cardiotocography monitoring is recommended during vaginal breech delivery, but comparative data describing differences between cardiotocography tracings in breech and vertex deliveries is scarce...
October 21, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746565/evaluation-of-antihypotensive-techniques-for-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia-rapid-crystalloid-hydration-versus-intravenous-ephedrine
#18
Kalpana Rajendra Kulkarni, Amruta Girish Naik, Sunetra Girish Deshpande
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia is a preferred technique over general anesthesia for cesarean delivery. It avoids maternal airway related complications, aspiration and neonatal depression. However hypotension following spinal anesthesia can lead to decrease in uterine blood flow and neonatal hypoxia. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 15 mL.kg- 1of crystalloid preloading versus prophylactic intravenous bolus of 10 mg ephedrine as an antihypotensive measure for cesarean section...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746526/efficacy-of-lipophilic-vs-lipophobic-opioids-in-addition-to-hyperbaric-bupivacaine-for-patients-undergoing-lower-segment-caeserean-section
#19
Amit Agrawal, Veena Asthana, J P Sharma, Vineeta Gupta
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid block is the preferred technique for providing anesthesia for patients undergoing cesarean section. Various pharmacological agents in added to local anesthetics (LA) modify their original effects in terms of block characteristics and quality of analgesia. However, there is ongoing debate about this practice of using adjuncts with LA. We tested whether addition of lipophilic versus lipophobic opioids to LA gives any clinical benefits to maternal and fetal outcome when used in these patients requiring spinal anesthesia...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704703/umbilical-lactate-as-a-measure-of-acidosis-and-predictor-of-neonatal-risk-a-systematic-review
#20
E R Allanson, T Waqar, Crh White, Ö Tunçalp, J E Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord lactate is one approach to measuring acidosis and intrapartum hypoxia, knowledge of which may be helpful for clinicians involved in the care of women and newborns. OBJECTIVE: To synthesise the evidence on accuracy of umbilical cord lactate in measuring acidosis and predicting poor neonatal outcome. SEARCH STRATEGY: Studies published and unpublished between 1990 and 2014 from PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and clinicaltrials...
October 5, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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