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APGAR test

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754878/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-risk-stratification-in-newborns-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-cdh
#1
Tim Jancelewicz, Mary E Brindle, Matthew T Harting, Elizabeth A Tolley, Max R Langham, Pamela A Lally, Ankush Gosain, Stephanie A Storgion, David W Kays
BACKGROUND: A means for early postnatal stratification of ECMO risk in CDH newborns could be used to comparatively assess the utilization and outcomes of ECMO use between centers. While multiple CDH mortality risk calculators are available, no validated tool exists specifically for prediction of ECMO use. The purpose of this study was to derive and validate an ECMO risk stratification model. METHODS: The study population was obtained from CDH Study Group registry for the period between 2007 and 2016...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733777/morphological-and-structural-changes-of-umbilical-veins-and-clinical-significance-in-preeclampsia
#2
Yonghong Lan, Zhi Yang, Mingmei Huang, Zhigang Cui, Yaling Qi, Haiyan Niu
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy that is characterized by high blood pressure. Preeclampsia can have both negative maternal and fetal effects, including impaired fetal development from reduced placental perfusion. Because umbilical vessels provide fetal blood supply, morphological changes in these vessels can critically affect fetal function. This study investigated morphological and structural changes in umbilical veins from 17 controls and 19 preeclampsia cases...
May 7, 2018: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713357/torch-toxoplasmosis-rubella-cytomegalovirus-and-herpes-simplex-virus-screening-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-intrauterine-growth-restricted-neonates-efficacy-study-in-a-single-institute-in-korea
#3
Mi Hae Chung, Chan Ok Shin, Juyoung Lee
Purpose: Routine screening for toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and herpes simplex virus (TORCH) in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and small for gestational age (SGA) neonates has become a common practice. However, the incidence of TORCH varies across countries, and the cost of TORCH testing may be disadvantageous compared to disease-specific screening. To evaluate the efficacy of TORCH screening, the medical charts of IUGR or SGA neonates born in a single institution in Bucheon, Korea from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670869/pathogenetic-and-prognostic-factors-for-neonatal-gastric-perforation-personal-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Chiara Iacusso, Alessandro Boscarelli, Fabio Fusaro, Pietro Bagolan, Francesco Morini
Introduction: Neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) is a rare entity. Our aim was to report our experience and review the recent literature to characterize NGP, describe associated factors, and define prognostic factors. Materials and methods: Retrospective review of all consecutive patients with NGP treated between June 2009 and December 2017 in a third level pediatric hospital. In addition, a systematic review of Medline and Scopus database was performed using a defined strategy...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664888/development-and-validation-of-a-deep-neural-network-model-for-prediction-of-postoperative-in-hospital-mortality
#5
Christine K Lee, Ira Hofer, Eilon Gabel, Pierre Baldi, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: The authors tested the hypothesis that deep neural networks trained on intraoperative features can predict postoperative in-hospital mortality. METHODS: The data used to train and validate the algorithm consists of 59,985 patients with 87 features extracted at the end of surgery. Feed-forward networks with a logistic output were trained using stochastic gradient descent with momentum. The deep neural networks were trained on 80% of the data, with 20% reserved for testing...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662967/maternal-serum-uric-acid-level-and-maternal-and-neonatal-complications-in-preeclamptic-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Maryam Asgharnia, Fariba Mirblouk, Soudabeh Kazemi, Davood Pourmarzi, Mina Mahdipour Keivani, Seyedeh Fatemeh Dalil Heirati
Background: Preeclampsia is associated with maternal and neonatal complications. It has been indicated that increased uric acid might have a predictive role on preeclampsia. Objective: We aimed to investigate the relationship between the level of uric acid with maternal and neonatal complications in women with preeclampsia. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 160 singleton preeclamptic women at more than 28 wk gestational age were included...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658763/the-birth-experiences-questionnaire-a-brief-measure-assessing-psychosocial-dimensions-of-childbirth
#7
Darby Saxbe, Katelyn Taline Horton, Ann Bryna Tsai
Childbirth is an important life event that has been understudied by psychologists. Parents may find birth to be stressful, painful, and frightening, or feel supported and calm. Birth experiences can be shaped both by preexisting psychological vulnerabilities and by medical events that occur during childbirth. The birth experience may influence both parent and child well-being, helping to shape the health of the new family. This paper introduces the Birth Experiences Questionnaire (BEQ), a brief 10-item measure designed to assess stress, fear, and partner support during birth...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651319/effects-of-perinatal-factors-on-body-mass-index-and-physical-fitness-of-school-age-children
#8
Miha Lucovnik, Gregor Starc, Petra Golja, Ivan Verdenik, Irena Stucin Gantar
Objective: To examine the effects of various maternal and neonatal perinatal factors on the child's body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness at school-age. Methods: Data from two registries, the SLOfit database (a national surveillance system of children's motor and physical development) and Slovenian National Perinatal Information System (NPIS) were analysed. Perinatal data for 2,929 children born in 2008 were linked to results of SLOfit testing of these children in 2016...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622875/study-of-complete-haemogram-and-iron-profile-from-cord-blood-of-newborn-with-respect-to-primigravida-multigravida-and-apgar-score
#9
Madhumita Mondal, Swapan Kumar Sinha, Moumita Sengupta, Debdas Bose, Sudip Saha, Utpal Chaudhuri
Study of different parameters of cord blood usually reflects neonatal health status. One of the widely used system for assessing neonatal health is APGAR score. It is assed at 1 and 5 min from baby's birth. Immediate medical care may improve 5 min score of neonate who showed poor score at 1 min. The main objective of this study is to establish whether any correlation exists between complete hemogram and iron profile with APGAR score and gravid of mother. Cord blood was collected from 96 new born, delivered vaginally, mothers having no chronic medical disease...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614894/management-of-fetal-growth-restriction-using-the-contraction-stress-test-a-case-control-study
#10
Hiroaki Tanaka, Fumi H Furuhashi, Kuniaki Toriyabe, Takeshi Matsumoto, Shoich Magawa, Masafumi Nii, Junko Watanabe, Kayo Tanaka, Takashi Umekawa, Yuki Kamimoto, Tomoaki Ikeda
PURPOSE: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a concerning health issue. However, studies on FGR management are limited due to its rarity. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the contraction stress test (CST) for FGR management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control retrospective study design. Our institute innovated CST in FGR management in 2017. We included women in their 33rd-40th week of pregnancy with a diagnosis of FGR and retrospectively divided them into groups: the CST group (FGR management with CST) and no CST group (FGR management without CST) before and after CST development...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581725/comparison-of-the-screening-tests-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-between-one-step-and-two-step-methods-among-thai-pregnant-women
#11
Suchaya Luewan, Phenphan Bootchaingam, Theera Tongsong
Objective: To compare the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of GDM between those screened by the "one-step" (75 gm GTT) and "two-step" (100 gm GTT) methods. Methods: A prospective study was conducted on singleton pregnancies at low or average risk of GDM. All were screened between 24 and 28 weeks, using the one-step or two-step method based on patients' preference. The primary outcome was prevalence of GDM, and secondary outcomes included birthweight, gestational age, rates of preterm birth, small/large-for-gestational age, low Apgar scores, cesarean section, and pregnancy-induced hypertension...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567300/fetal-sex-need-for-insulin-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-observational-cohort-study
#12
Stefano Raffaele Giannubilo, Angela Pasculli, Chiara Ballatori, Alessandra Biagini, Andrea Ciavattini
PURPOSE: This was a prospective observational cohort study that aimed to determine whether fetal sex influences the maternal and fetal outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this study, 327 European primiparous women were consecutively recruited after diagnosis of GDM. AUC on the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), need for insulin therapy, maternal and obstetrical outcomes, and fetal fat mass (by measuring the thickness of the anterior abdominal subcutaneous tissue) were recorded and compared between the two subgroups of female and male fetuses...
April 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560164/comparison-of-umbilical-artery-doppler-and-non-stress-test-in-assessment-of-fetal-well-being-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Shirin Niromanesh, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Mitra Eftekhariyazdi, Forough Mortazavi
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy and is related to poor perinatal outcomes. Reduction of neonatal complications of GDM is feasible by assessment of fetal well-being. Both fetal Doppler and NST are used for the screening of high-risk pregnancies. Objective: We aimed to compare the non-stress test (NST) and umbilical artery (UA) Doppler assessments for evaluation of the adverse perinatal outcomes in GDM...
December 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556880/critical-care-management-of-peritonitis-in-a-low-resource-setting
#14
Jennifer Rickard, Christian Ngarambe, Leonard Ndayizeye, Blair Smart, Robert Riviello, Jean Paul Majyambere
BACKGROUND: Management of critically ill patients is challenging in a low-resource setting. In Rwanda, peritonitis is a common surgical condition where patients often present late, with advanced disease. We aim to describe critical care management of patients with peritonitis in Rwanda. METHODS: Data were collected at a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda on patients undergoing operation for peritonitis over a 6-month period. Data included epidemiology, hospital course and outcomes...
March 19, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549688/identification-of-risk-factors-for-hearing-impairment-in-newborns-a-hospital-based-study
#15
Nermin Hrnčić
Aim To identify risk factors for hearing impairment presented in neonates born in Cantonal Hospital Zenica (CHZ) and to estimate their influence on outcome of hearing tests in Newborn Hearing Screening (NHS). Methods Retrospective-prospective study was done at the Department of Gynaecology and Maternity. The NHS was performed with transitory evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) during a six-month period using "Titan" device (Interacoustics, Denmark). The questionnaire was written for the purpose of getting more structured basic information about every newborn and to identify risk factors for hearing impairment...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529475/exercise-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-a-shorter-duration-of-labor-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Ruben Barakat, Evelia Franco, María Perales, Carmina López, Michelle F Mottola
OBJECTIVE: to examine the influence of an exercise program throughout pregnancy on the duration of labor in healthy pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized clinical trial was used (Identifier: NCT02109588). In all, 508 healthy pregnant women were randomly assigned between 9 and 11 weeks of gestation to either a Control Group (CG, N = 253) or an Exercise Group (EG, N = 255). A moderate aerobic exercise program throughout pregnancy (three weekly sessions) was used as the intervention...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528912/congenital-cmv-and-hiv-perinatal-transmission
#17
Kristina Adachi, Jiahong Xu, Bonnie Ank, D Heather Watts, Margaret Camarca, Lynne M Mofenson, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Esau Joao, Glenda Gray, Gerhard Theron, Breno Santos, Rosana Fonseca, Regis Kreitchmann, Jorge Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Daisy Maria Machado, Mariana Ceriotto, Mariza G Morgado, Yvonne J Bryson, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Mark Mirochnick, Jack Moye, Karin Nielsen-Saines
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection (cCMV) is an important cause of hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Prior studies suggest that HIV-exposed children are at higher risk of acquiring cCMV. We assessed the presence, magnitude, and risk factors associated with cCMV among infants born to HIV-infected women, who were not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy. METHODS: cCMV and urinary CMV load were determined in a cohort of infants born to HIV-infected women not receiving antiretrovirals during pregnancy...
March 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526235/effects-of-aromatherapy-with-rosa-damascena-on-nulliparous-women-s-pain-and-anxiety-of-labor-during-first-stage-of-labor
#18
Sepideh Hamdamian, Soheila Nazarpour, Masoumeh Simbar, Sepideh Hajian, Faraz Mojab, Atefeh Talebi
BACKGROUND: Reducing labor pain and anxiety is one of the most important goals of maternity care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects of aromatherapy with Rosa damascena on pain and anxiety in the first stage of labor among nulliparous women. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: This was a randomized clinical trial of 110 nulliparous women. The eligible participants were randomly assigned to two groups of aromatherapy and control in an Iranian maternity hospital...
March 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517191/the-combined-effects-of-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-on-birth-outcomes
#19
Jadwiga Hamułka, Monika A. Zielińska, Katarzyna Chądzyńska
Background: Exposure to alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy may lead to developmental disorders in the foetus and can also adversely impact pregnancy outcomes and the newborn’s health status. Objective: Assessment of alcohol consumption and tobacco use during pregnancy as well as their impact on pregnancy outcomes and birth parameters of the newborn in a selected group of mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 104 mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years living in the Mazowiecki Voivodeship...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509557/effect-of-methamphetamine-hydrochloride-on-pregnancy-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Dimitrios-Rafail Kalaitzopoulos, Konstantinos Chatzistergiou, Anna-Lea Amylidi, Damianos G Kokkinidis, Dimitrios G Goulis
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine hydrochloride is 1 of the most widespread psycho-stimulants in the world. Nevertheless, its effect on pregnant women and their neonates has not been investigated extensively. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature for the effect of methamphetamine exposure during pregnancy to neonatal and pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A meta-analysis of retrospective, case-control studies was conducted. Inclusion criteria were women who have used methamphetamine during pregnancy, determined by self-report, maternal or neonatal urine test, and/or meconium toxicology, compared with control women not taking methamphetamine...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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