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Lymphedema surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918865/evidence-based-practice-in-the-management-of-lower-limb-lymphedema-after-gynecological-cancer
#1
Lisandra Fossari Iwersen, Fabiana Flores Sperandio, Ariana Machado Toriy, Marina Palú, Clarissa Medeiros da Luz
PURPOSE: Lower limb lymphedema (LLL) is characterized as a physical-functional chronic complication that impacts the quality of life of women who have gone through treatment for gynecological cancer. The present study aims to check the conservative treatments available for lymphedema after gynecological cancer in the context of evidence-based practice. METHODS: The selection criteria included papers from May 1993 discussing treatment protocols used in LLL after treatment for gynecological cancer...
December 5, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906440/supramicrosurgical-lymphatico-venular-anastomosis-lva-in-treating-lymphoedema-36-months-preliminary-report
#2
P Gennaro, G Gabriele, M Mihara, K Kikuchi, C Salini, I Aboh, F Cascino, G Chisci, C Ungari
OBJECTIVE: Lymphoedema of the extremities is a widespread pathological condition that mostly occurs as a complication of cancer resections, especially in women. Conventional therapy refers to conservative and physiotherapeutic approaches. Surgical strategies have been widely reported in the literature and are still challenging. Part of this literature focuses on the supra microsurgical lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) technique. LVA is characterized by a high success rate, minimal invasivity and broad indications...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866037/preoperative-preparation-of-a-patient-with-grade-ii-leg-lymphedema-for-his-third-hip-replacement-surgery
#3
Maria de Fátima Guerreiro Godoy, Livia Maria Pereira de Godoy, Renata Lopes Pinto, Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of lymphedema remains a challenge to modern medicine, due to the characteristics of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: Report on the case of a 75-year-old patient with lower limb lymphedema for treatment prior to surgery. At age 45, he made the first hip replacement surgery in the left leg. One year later he performed the same surgery on the right leg. At that time his legs had slight ankle edema mainly of the left leg and the entire left leg was affected by lymphedema...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865752/reconstruction-of-massive-localized-lymphedema-of-the-scrotum-results-complications-and-quality-of-life-improvements
#4
Eric Wisenbaugh, Dena Moskowitz, Joel Gelman
OBJECTIVE: To review the surgical technique, outcomes and complications of surgical excision of massive localized lymphedema of the scrotum, and to determine changes in weight and quality of life after excision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who have undergone excision of MLL of the scrotum at our institution between 2008 and 2014. Standard baseline characteristics, complications, pre- and postoperative weight and quality of life data were recorded...
November 16, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862152/cutaneous-polyarteritis-nodosa-localized-to-a-region-of-lymphedema-secondary-to-streptococcus-viridans-cellulitis-and-multiple-surgeries
#5
Andrew Matsumoto, Rami N Al-Rohil, Marina Bravin, Lori Anderson, Danielle Wroblewski, J Andrew Carlson
Cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (CPAN) is a chronic, indolent, single organ arteritis that generally presents with lower extremity nodules and/or livedo racemosa, accompanied by malaise and arthralgias. CPAN is often triggered by infection, commonly Group A streptococcal species, and is considered an autoimmune reaction. Scarring from surgery and obliterative lymphangiitis from bacterial cellulitis are causes of lymphedema. Lymphedematous skin is predisposed to autoimmune disorders. Herein we report a 53yo woman who developed CPAN restricted to a localized area of the right upper arm-shoulder that had undergone multiple surgeries, complicated by episodes of Streptococcus viridans cellulitis...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848050/sentinel-lymph-node-based-management-or-routine-axillary-clearance-five-year-outcomes-of-the-racs-sentinel-node-biopsy-versus-axillary-clearance-snac-1-trial-assessment-and-incidence-of-true-lymphedema
#6
Neil Wetzig, Peter Grantley Gill, David Espinoza, Rebecca Mister, Martin R Stockler, Val J Gebski, Owen A Ung, Ian Campbell, John Simes
PURPOSE: To determine whether the benefits of sentinel-node-based management (SNBM) over routine axillary clearance (RAC) persisted to 5 years. METHODS: A total of 1088 women with breast cancer less than 3 cm in diameter and clinically negative axillary nodes were randomized to SNBM with axillary clearance if the sentinel node was positive or RAC preceded by sentinel-node biopsy. The outcomes were: (1) objectively measured change in the volume of the operated and contralateral nonoperated arms; (2) the proportion with an increase in arm volume <15%; and (3) subjectively assessed arm morbidity for the domains swelling, symptoms, dysfunction, and disability...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834003/prediction-of-rehabilitation-needs-after-treatment-of-cervical-cancer-what-do-late-adverse-effects-tell-us
#7
Tina Broby Mikkelsen, Bente Sørensen, Karin B Dieperink
PURPOSE: Women treated for cervical cancer with radiotherapy and chemotherapy have reported serious bowel, vaginal, and sexual late effects. The purpose of this study was to describe late adverse effects, health-related quality of life, and self-efficacy in a representative Danish cervical cancer population in order to describe rehabilitation needs. METHODS: Women, mean age 55 years, treated for cervical cancer from January 2010 to July 2013, who were alive and without known relapse/metastases were included in this cross-sectional study...
November 10, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783011/advances-and-innovations-in-microsurgery
#8
Julie E Park, David W Chang
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. summarize the evolution of perforator, chimeric, and free style flaps; 2. define and give examples of supermicrosurgery as well as understand its application in treatment of lymphedema; and 3. appreciate the development and advancements of composite tissue allotransplantation. SUMMARY: Although microsurgery may seem like a highly specialized niche within plastic surgery, it is more than just a discipline that focuses on small anastomoses...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769634/upper-outer-boundaries-of-the-axillary-dissection-result-of-the-sentibras-protocol-multicentric-protocol-using-axillary-reverse-mapping-in-breast-cancer-patients-requiring-axillary-dissection
#9
C Nos, K B Clough, P Bonnier, S Lasry, G Le Bouedec, B Flipo, J-M Classe, M-C Missana, V Doridot, S Giard, H Charitansky, A Charles-Nelson, A-S Bats, C Ngo
BACKGROUND: Two thirds of node-positive breast cancer patients have limited pN1 disease and could benefit from a less extensive axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). METHODS: 172 breast cancers patients requiring an ALND were prospectively enrolled in the Sentibras Protocol of Axillary Reverse Mapping (ARM). Radioisotope was injected in the ipsilateral hand the day before surgery. ALND was standard. Removed lymph nodes were classified into non radioactive nodes and radioactive nodes (ARM nodes)...
August 26, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757353/lipedema-a-relatively-common-disease-with-extremely-common-misconceptions
#10
Donald W Buck, Karen L Herbst
Lipedema, or adiposis dolorosa, is a common adipose tissue disorder that is believed to affect nearly 11% of adult women worldwide. It is characterized most commonly by disproportionate adipocyte hypertrophy of the lower extremities, significant tenderness to palpation, and a failure to respond to extreme weight loss modalities. Women with lipedema report a rapid growth of the lipedema subcutaneous adipose tissue in the setting of stress, surgery, and/or hormonal changes. Women with later stages of lipedema have a classic "column leg" appearance, with masses of nodular fat, easy bruising, and pain...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699734/-overview-of-endometrial-cancer
#11
Chia-Chun Li, Tsui-Hsia Feng
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer and the sixth most common cancer among women in Taiwan. Risk factors for endometrial cancer include obesity, long-term estrogen replacement therapy, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, nulliparty, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, and tamoxifen therapy. Most women with endometrial cancer exhibit abnormal uterine bleeding. Endometrial cancer is often diagnosed at stage I. Surgery alone is the primary treatment for stage I endometrial cancer...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665585/use-of-a-prospective-surveillance-model-to-prevent-breast-cancer-treatment-related-lymphedema-a-single-center-experience
#12
Eun Joo Yang, Soyeon Ahn, Eun-Kyu Kim, Eunyoung Kang, Youngmi Park, Jae-Young Lim, Sung-Won Kim
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients undergoing axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) are at risk of lymphedema (LE). Successful management of LE relies on early diagnosis using sensitive modalities. In the current study, we explored the effectiveness of a surveillance program for lymphedema management (SLYM) compared to standard care. METHODS: Breast cancer patients who underwent ALND in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital from January 2008 to December 2015 were included in this prospective study...
November 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662273/bioimpedance-to-screen-for-abdominal-fat-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-treatment-related-lymphedema
#13
Maria de Fátima Guerreiro Godoy, Edivandra Buzato Silva, Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy
BACKGROUND: One of the dreaded complications after the treatment of breast cancer is lymphedema. Therapies used in the treatment of breast cancer such as surgery, radiotherapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy may be adversely affected by obesity. AIM: The objective of this study was to use bioimpedance to assess abdominal fat in women with breast cancer treatment-related lymphedema and suggest this as a screening method. METHODS: Forty-five female patients with clinical diagnosis of breast cancer treatment-related lymphedema were evaluated in this quantitative cross-sectional study...
July 28, 2016: Breast Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638996/patterns-of-pediatric-venous-disease
#14
Elizabeth A Andraska, Danielle C Horne, Danielle N Campbell, Jonathan L Eliason, Thomas W Wakefield, Dawn M Coleman
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of chronic venous disease (CVD) is well documented in adults; clinical guidelines standardize diagnosis and treatment. There is a paucity of data published commenting on pediatric CVD exclusive of Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) and post-thrombotic syndrome. METHODS: This study aimed to define patterns of pediatric venous disease. All venous reflux studies performed on patients <18 years of age between January 2012 and June 2014 were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617837/perceived-symptom-experience-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-lymphedema
#15
Jie Deng, Sheila Ridner, Russell Rothman, Barbara Murphy, Kerry Sherman, Lee Moore, Kourtney Hall, Betsy Weiner
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema frequently develops as a long-term effect from cancer and/or its treatment, including head and neck cancer (HNC). There is a substantial lack of understanding regarding the symptoms and experiences related to head and neck lymphedema. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore HNC patients' experiences of lymphedema, with emphasis on physical findings and associated symptom burden. DESIGN: This was a qualitative, descriptive study...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599222/applications-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-lymphedema
#16
Ahmet Akgül, Musa Cirak, Tansu Birinci
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentrated preparation of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma that is characterized by hemostatic and tissue-repairing effects. Being enriched by various kinds of growth factors, and their tissue-repairing effects have made them the focus of attention for use in tissue regeneration. PRP has been safely used and documented in many different fields, including orthopedics, sports injuries, dental and periodontal surgery, and cosmetic, plastic, cardiovascular, general, and maxillofacial surgery...
September 6, 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576003/building-the-drains-the-lymphatic-vasculature-in-health-and-disease
#17
Marina Venero Galanternik, Amber N Stratman, Hyun Min Jung, Matthew G Butler, Brant M Weinstein
The lymphatic vasculature is comprised of a network of endothelial vessels found in close proximity to but separated from the blood vasculature. An essential tissue component of all vertebrates, lymphatics are responsible for the maintenance of fluid homeostasis, dissemination of immune cells, and lipid reabsorption under healthy conditions. When lymphatic vessels are impaired due to invasive surgery, genetic disorders, or parasitic infections, severe fluid build-up accumulates in the affected tissues causing a condition known as lymphedema...
November 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575310/nodular-proliferation-in-parkes-weber-syndrome
#18
Diego José Rojas Esquivel, Elena Marín Manzano, Nieves Aleicel Concepción, Juan Carlos Lopéz Gutierréz, Luis Riera de Cubas
Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) is characterized by the association of high flow vascular malformation and overgrowth of a part of the body, usually a limb. In a previous review of 10 patients with PWS from our hospital we described a case of congenital short femur and four cases of severe lymphedema. We present a case of PWS associated with a nodular proliferative form not previously described. A 38 year old male with diagnosis of PWS with involvement of the right lower limb (RLL) was derived to our clinic. He complained about the appearance of painful nodular tumors in his RLL and some episodes of bleeding through the tumors...
August 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565078/interaction-between-vascularized-lymph-node-transfer-and-recipient-lymphatics-after-lymph-node-dissection-a-pilot-study-in-a-canine-model
#19
Hiroo Suami, Mario F Scaglioni, Katherine A Dixon, Ramesh C Tailor
BACKGROUND: Vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) has become more widespread for surgical treatment of lymphedema. However, interaction between a transferred lymph node and the recipient lymphatic system in relieving lymphedema has not been identified. The aims of this study were to investigate anatomic changes in the lymphatic system in the forelimb of a canine after lymph node dissection and irradiation and to clarify the interaction between the transferred lymph node and recipient lymphatics...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556764/lymphedema-surgical-and-medical-therapy
#20
David W Chang, Jaume Masia, Ramon Garza, Roman Skoracki, Peter C Neligan
BACKGROUND: Secondary lymphedema is a dreaded complication that sometimes occurs after treatment of malignancies. Management of lymphedema has historically focused on conservative measures, including physical therapy and compression garments. More recently, surgery has been used for the treatment of secondary lymphedema. METHODS: This article represents the experience and treatment approaches of 5 surgeons experienced in lymphatic surgery and includes a literature review in support of the techniques and algorithms presented...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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