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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756496/bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-one-stage-versus-two-stage-procedure
#1
Afshin Taheriazam, Gholamreza Mohseni, Ali A Esmailiejah, Farshad Safdari, Hashem Abrishamkarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Despite several studies, controversy has prevailed over the rate of complications following 1-stage and 2-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA). In the current study, we compare the complications and functional outcomes of 1-stage and 2-stage procedures. METHODS: One hundred and eighty patients (ASA class I or II) with bilateral hip osteoarthritis were assigned randomly to two equal groups. The two groups were matched in terms of age and sex. All of the surgeries were performed via the Hardinge approach using uncemented implants...
May 1, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755607/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-nerve-palsy-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Shunsuke Kawano, Motoki Sonohata, Masaru Kitajima, Masaaki Mawatari
Background: Nerve palsy following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a complication that worsens the functional prognosis. The present study analyzed the risk factors of nerve palsy following THA. Methods: The subjects of this study included 6,123 cases in which primary THA was performed under spinal anesthesia with cementless implants used in the posterolateral approach. Results: Fourteen cases (0.22%) developed nerve palsy following THA, all of which involved palsy of the entire peroneal nerve region...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725517/concomitant-traumatic-peroneal-tendon-dislocation-and-medial-malleolus-fracture-a-case-report
#3
A R Vosoughi, M A Erfani
Peroneal tendon dislocation in association with medial malleolus fracture is a very rare traumatic injury to the ankle. A 19-year old male patient was referred after injury sustained in a motorcycle accident with car, with concomitant traumatic peroneal tendon dislocation and medial malleolus fracture. The possible mechanism of this unusual injury could have been sudden external rotation force to the pronated foot in full dorsiflexed position of the ankle. Diagnosis of peroneal tendon subluxation or dislocation should be carefully evaluated in patients with single medial malleolus fracture...
March 2018: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695910/total-hip-arthroplasty-following-arthrodesis-a-single-center-experience-of-17-patients
#4
Murat Çalbıyık
Purpose: We aimed to present our experience with total hip arthroplasty in patients with previous hip arthrodesis. Patients and methods: This was a retrospective study, in which clinical and radiological outcomes of total hip arthroplasty performed in 17 patients (mean age 54.2±8.5 years; age range 33-68 years; female to male ratio 10/7) with previous arthrodesis in our clinic between 2001 and 2014 were reviewed. Patients were followed up for 6.7±2.8 years (range 3-12 years) after the operation and evaluated for ipsilateral knee pain, range of motion, walking capacity, and leg-length discrepancy...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595062/tendoscopic-treatment-of-peroneal-intrasheath-subluxation-a-new-subgroup-with-superior-peroneal-retinaculum-injury
#5
Matteo Guelfi, Jordi Vega, Francesc Malagelada, Albert Baduell, Miki Dalmau-Pastor
BACKGROUND: Snapping peroneal tendons is a rare cause of lateral ankle pain. Two subgroups have been described: chronic subluxation with superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) injury and intrasheath subluxation with SPR intact. The aim of the study was to report the tendoscopic findings and results in patients affected by snapping peroneal tendons without evident dislocation. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, a total of 18 patients with a retromalleolar "click" sensation and no clinical signs of peroneal tendon dislocation underwent tendoscopy...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552468/endoscopic-superior-peroneal-retinaculum-reconstruction
#6
Wilson Wai Shun Hau, Tun Hing Lui, Wai Kit Ngai
Post-traumatic peroneal tendon subluxation or dislocation is most commonly due to injury to the superior peroneal retinaculum. Acute repair of the retinaculum is an option for active athletes who desire quick return of sport activity. In general, conventional open surgeries require extensive exposure of the injured superficial peroneal retinaculum and have potential risks of scar formation, sural nerve injury, limited range of movement, peroneal tendon re-subluxation, and tendon irritation. The purpose of this Technical Note is to describe the details of endoscopic superior peroneal retinaculum reconstruction...
January 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548632/prevalence-of-peroneal-tendon-instability-in-calcaneus-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Karim Mahmoud, Mohamed Maged Mekhaimar, Abduljabbar Alhammoud
Peroneal tendon instability associated with an intraarticular calcaneal fracture is a common injury that still often passes undiscovered by both radiologists and orthopedic surgeons. Timely identification of this injury will guide the choice of surgical technique used and treatment of patients. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, several databases were searched through June 2017 for any observational or experimental studies that reported the prevalence/incidence of peroneal tendon subluxation/dislocation with a calcaneus fracture with regard to fracture classifications and the significance of the fleck sign...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409248/the-lateral-malleolar-bony-fleck-classified-by-size-and-pathoanatomy-the-iofas-classification
#8
John Wong-Chung, Adam Tucker, Matthew Lynch-Wong, Desmond Gibson, Diarmaid S O'Longain
BACKGROUND: This study analyzes position of the peroneal tendons and status of the superior peroneal retinaculum (SPR) whenever a lateral malleolar bony flake fracture occurs. METHODS: Twenty-four patients had a lateral malleolar bony fleck on anteroposterior ankle radiographs, either in isolation or associated with other hindfoot injuries. We studied size of the bony flecks, presence or absence of peroneal tendon dislocation and pathoanatomy on CT scans. RESULTS: In 11 patients, a small bony fleck lies within the superior peroneal retinaculum and contiguous periosteum, which are stripped off the lateral fibula (Class II lesions)...
March 16, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177775/shortening-subtrochanteric-osteotomy-and-cup-placement-at-true-acetabulum-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-of-crowe-iii-iv-developmental-dysplasia-results-of-midterm-follow-up
#9
Alireza Manafi Rasi, Gholamhossein Kazemian, Mohammad Khak, Reza Zarei
INTRODUCTION: The anatomic abnormalities in developmental dysplasia of hip (DDH) often make total hip replacement (THR) inevitable at a younger age. However, there is no universal gold standard technique of THR for high dislocated dysplastic hips. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here we present the outcomes of midterm follow-up after THR in patients diagnosed with DDH Crowe type III and IV hospitalized in a tertiary center in Iran for whom placement of a cup in true acetabulum and selective transverse subtrochanteric osteotomy was performed...
November 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079243/lateral-ligament-reconstruction-for-ball-and-socket-ankle-accompanying-lateral-ankle-instability-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Onur Kocadal, Arzu Ozsoy, Hakan Ozsoy
The ball-and-socket ankle joint is a rare deformity characterized by the loss of concavity in the trochlear surface of the talus with rounding of the articular surfaces of the distal fibula and tibia. Frequently, tarsal coalitions, fibular hypoplasia, and shortening of the limb accompany this deformity. To date, no data have been reported on surgical treatment of lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation concomitant with a ball-and-socket ankle joint. In the present study, we report the case of a 43-year-old male patient with right lateral ankle joint instability and peroneal tendon dislocation in a ball-and-socket ankle joint, with accompanying tarsal coalition...
November 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078831/acute-peroneal-injury
#11
REVIEW
James W Brodsky, Jacob R Zide, Justin M Kane
A high clinical suspicion and greater understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology of lateral ankle injuries have enabled early diagnosis and treatment-improving outcomes of acute peroneal tendon tears. Multiple conditions can be the cause of lateral ankle pain attributed to the peroneal tendons: tenosynovitis, tendinosis, subluxation and dislocation, stenosing tenosynovitis, abnormality related to the os peroneum, as well as tears of the peroneal tendons. It is imperative for the clinician to maintain a high suspicion for peroneal tendon abnormality when evaluating patients with lateral ankle pain...
December 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926386/effect-of-vascular-injury-on-functional-outcome-in-knees-with-multi-ligament-injury-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#12
Thomas L Sanders, Nicholas R Johnson, Nathan M Levy, Peter A Cole, Aaron J Krych, Michael Stuart, Bruce A Levy
BACKGROUND: Multi-ligament knee injury (MLKI) associated with knee dislocation can result in vascular injury. The purpose of this study was to compare knee function after MLKI between patients with a vascular injury requiring popliteal artery bypass grafting and patients without vascular involvement. Additionally, factors associated with poor knee function in patients who had MLKI with vascular injury were evaluated. METHODS: This retrospective study identified patients with an MLKI between 1992 and 2014...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819784/-injuries-of-the-peroneal-tendons-often-overlooked
#13
REVIEW
K Klos, M Knobe, T Randt, P Simons, T Mückley
CLINICAL ISSUE: Injuries of the peroneal tendons are rare and often overlooked. Typical pathologies are tendinitis, tears and dislocation. Accompanying injuries are fractures. They are often associated with instability in the ankle and rearfoot deformities; therefore, these pathologies should be excluded or taken into consideration in the treatment. The clinical examination is crucial for the diagnosis. DIAGNOSTIC WORK-UP: Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations are very helpful; however, the true extent of the tendon pathology is often first seen during surgery...
December 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736620/peroneal-tendon-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Kinner Davda, Karan Malhotra, Paul O'Donnell, Dishan Singh, Nicholas Cullen
Pathological abnormality of the peroneal tendons is an under-appreciated source of lateral hindfoot pain and dysfunction that can be difficult to distinguish from lateral ankle ligament injuries.Enclosed within the lateral compartment of the leg, the peroneal tendons are the primary evertors of the foot and function as lateral ankle stabilisers.Pathology of the tendons falls into three broad categories: tendinitis and tenosynovitis, tendon subluxation and dislocation, and tendon splits and tears. These can be associated with ankle instability, hindfoot deformity and anomalous anatomy such as a low lying peroneus brevis or peroneus quartus...
June 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624011/peroneal-tendon-pathology-pre-and-post-operative-high-resolution-us-and-mr-imaging
#15
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar, Ali Alian, Shivani Ahlawat, Dane K Wukich, Avneesh Chhabra
Peroneal tendon pathology is an important cause of lateral ankle pain and instability. Typical peroneal tendon disorders include tendinitis, tenosynovitis, partial and full thickness tendon tears, peroneal retinacular injuries, and tendon subluxations and dislocations. Surgery is usually indicated when conservative treatment fails. Familiarity with the peroneal tendon surgeries and expected postoperative imaging findings is essential for accurate assessment and to avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Cross-sectional imaging, especially ultrasound and MRI provide accurate pre-operative and post-operative evaluation of the peroneal tendon pathology...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594508/lateral-ankle-instability-and-peroneal-tendon-pathology
#16
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Richard D Ferkel
Surgeons should understand the anatomic, vascular, biomechanical, and predisposing factors related to lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries, including peroneal tendinitis and tenosynovitis, peroneal tendon tears and ruptures, as well as peroneal tendon subluxation and dislocation. Surgeons should understand the treatment options and recommendations for patients who have lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries from the perspective of a sports medicine foot and ankle specialist...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589159/demographics-and-injuries-associated-with-knee-dislocation-a-prospective-review-of-303-patients
#17
Gilbert Moatshe, Grant J Dornan, Sverre Løken, Tom C Ludvigsen, Robert F LaPrade, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Information on the incidence, injury mechanisms, ligament injury patterns, and associated injuries of knee dislocations is lacking in the literature. There is a need to characterize ligament injury patterns and associated injuries in knee dislocations to avoid missing common associated diagnoses and to plan surgical treatment. PURPOSE: To evaluate patient demographics, ligament injury patterns and associated injury patterns, and associated injuries in patients with knee dislocation...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540318/retromalleolar-groove-deepening-in-recurrent-peroneal-tendon-dislocation-technique-tip
#18
Pim A D van Dijk, Bryan G Vopat, Daniel Guss, Alastair Younger, Christopher W DiGiovanni
Peroneal tendon dislocations are most prevalent in the active and athletic population, so accurate diagnosis and management are essential for optimal return of function. Although many nonoperative and surgical management options have been described, the optimal treatment method continues to be debated. In this technique article, a modified retromalleolar groove-deepening technique is described for addressing all anatomic variations of the posterior distal fibula and retromalleolar groove without unduly disturbing the important anatomic facets meant for retention in this region...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461914/an-evidence-based-algorithm-for-the-management-of-common-peroneal-nerve-injury-associated-with-traumatic-knee-dislocation
#19
REVIEW
Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power
Traumatic knee dislocation is a complex ligamentous injury that may be associated with simultaneous vascular and neurological injury.Although orthopaedic surgeons may consider CPN exploration at the time of ligament reconstruction, there is no standardised approach to the management of this complex and debilitating complication.This review focusses on published evidence of the outcomes of common peroneal nerve (CPN) injuries associated with knee dislocation, and proposes an algorithm for the management. Cite this article: Deepak Samson, Chye Yew Ng, Dominic Power...
October 2016: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461181/traumatic-anterior-knee-dislocation-with-popliteal-artery-injury-the-importance-of-a-prompt-diagnosis-and-treatment-to-obtain-lower-limb-salvage
#20
Mafalda Massara, Roberto Prunella, Giovanni De Caridi, Domenico Cito, Raffaele Serra, Pasquale Gerardi, Stefano Notarstefano, Giovanni Impedovo
We report a case of traumatic anterior dislocation of the left knee in association with disruption of the soft tissues including knee ligaments, popliteal artery, and common peroneal nerve, resulting in lower limb acute ischemia. All components of this complex trauma were recognized and treated promptly. First, he was submitted to closed reduction of the dislocated knee under general anesthesia; right after he underwent superficial femoro-tibioperoneal trunk bypass using a reversed saphenous contralateral vein recurring to a posterior approach through a popliteal S-shaped incision; rehabilitation program was initiated early; a second and final reconstructive orthopedic operation was carried out in a different center...
August 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
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