keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

LGA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324040/cord-blood-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-levels-correlate-with-gestational-age-and-birth-weight-in-neonates
#1
Kyoung Eun Joung, Sule Umit Cataltepe, Zoe Michael, Helen Christou, Christos S Mantzoros
Context: Infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have increased risk for obesity and metabolic syndrome in future life, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein, is an adipokine that has been implicated in modulation of insulin sensitivity and lipid metabolism. Higher plasma AFABP levels are associated with increased risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular morbidity in adults. Alterations in AFABP levels during fetal growth have not been characterized...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298172/potential-prognostic-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-fetal-macrosomia-the-impact-of-gestational-diabetes
#2
Despina D Briana, Κleopatra Germanou, Μaria Boutsikou, Theodora Boutsikou, Νikolaos Athanasopoulos, Αntonios Μarmarinos, Dimitrios Gourgiotis, Αriadne Malamitsi-Puchner
OBJECTIVE: Fetal macrosomia is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and increased cardiovascular risk. Cardiac biomarkers may play diagnostic/prognostic role in cardiovascular disease. We tested whether cardiac biomarkers are differentially expressed in cord blood samples of full-term singleton large-for-gestational-age (LGA), as compared to appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) pregnancies. METHODS: Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), Titin, pentraxin (PTX-3) and soluble CD36 (sCD36) concentrations were determined in 80 cord blood samples from a) LGA pregnancies due to maternal diabetes (n = 8), overweight/obese (n = 11), excessive weight gain (n = 7), without specific pathology (n = 14), b) AGA normal pregnancies (controls, n = 40)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295470/preconception-tsh-levels-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-184-611-women
#3
Shi Chen, Xiang Zhou, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Man Zhang, Yu Jiang, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Shikun Zhang, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Whether subclinical hypothyroidism adversely impacts pregnancy outcomes is inconclusive, and limited data are available on the optimal TSH range in women planning pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between maternal preconception TSH levels and pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, the free National Pre-pregnancy Checkups Project recruited 248,501 pairs of volunteer couples across China, of which 184,611women, who subsequently became pregnant, were studied...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294442/prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcome-by-cerebroplacental-ratio-adjusted-for-estimated-fetal-weight
#4
Angelo Sirico, Anke Diemert, Peter Glosemeyer, Kurt Hecher
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and estimated fetal weight (EFW). Furthermore, we evaluated the role of CPR in the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome and whether CPR measurements adjusted for EFW improve its predictive value. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study including pregnancies, where Doppler investigations of umbilical artery (UA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) were performed after 30 weeks...
March 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281724/common-and-separate-origins-of-the-left-and-right-inferior-phrenic-artery-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Hayato Terayama, Shuang-Qin Yi, Osamu Tanaka, Teruhisa Kanazawa, Kaori Suyama, Noriyuki Kosemura, Shuhei Tetsu, Hajime Yamazaki, Reinii Sakamoto, Satoshi Kawakami, Toshiyasu Suzuki, Kou Sakabe
In a 94-year-old male cadaver, upon which routine dissection was being conducted, a rare variation was found in the gastrophrenic trunk (GPT), the common trunk of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA); the GPT arises from the abdominal aorta. A hepatosplenic trunk accompanied the variation. In this variation, the RIPA first branched from the GPT and then to the LIPA and LGA. Variations in the common trunk of the LIPA and RIPA in the GPT are common, but to our knowledge, a variation (separate inferior phrenic artery in the GPT) similar to our findings has not been previously reported...
March 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280744/glycemic-excursions-in-type-1-diabetes-in-pregnancy-a-semiparametric-statistical-approach-to-identify-sensitive-time-points-during-gestation
#6
Resmi Gupta, Jane Khoury, Mekibib Altaye, Lawrence Dolan, Rhonda D Szczesniak
Aim. To examine the gestational glycemic profile and identify specific times during pregnancy that variability in glucose levels, measured by change in velocity and acceleration/deceleration of blood glucose fluctuations, is associated with delivery of a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) baby, in women with type 1 diabetes. Methods. Retrospective analysis of capillary blood glucose levels measured multiple times daily throughout gestation in women with type 1 diabetes was performed using semiparametric mixed models...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276755/prevalence-of-trachoma-in-kano-state-nigeria-results-of-44-local-government-area-level-surveys
#7
Caleb Mpyet, Nasiru Muhammad, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Habila Muazu, Murtala Muhammad Umar, Musa Goyol, Hadi Bala Yahaya, Uwazoeke Onyebuchi, Chris Ogoshi, Tijjani Hussaini, Sunday Isiyaku, Adamani William, Rebecca M Flueckiger, Brian K Chu, Rebecca Willis, Alexandre L Pavluck, Nicholas Olobio, Sophie Phelan, Colin Macleod, Anthony W Solomon
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the prevalence of trachoma in 44 Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Kano State, Nigeria. METHODS: A population-based prevalence survey was conducted in each Kano LGA. We used a two-stage systematic and quasi-random sampling strategy to select 25 households from each of 25 clusters in each LGA. All consenting household residents aged 1 year and above were examined for trachomatous inflammation-follicular (TF), trachomatous inflammation-intense (TI) and trichiasis...
February 28, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271662/effects-of-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-neonatal-birth-weight
#8
Meng-Kai Du, Li-Ya Ge, Meng-Lin Zhou, Jun Ying, Fan Qu, Min-Yue Dong, Dan-Qing Chen
To evaluate the effects of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (pre-BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on neonatal birth weight (NBW) in the population of Chinese healthy pregnant women, attempting to guide weight control in pregnancy. A retrospective cohort study of 3772 Chinese women was conducted. The population was stratified by maternal pre-BMI categories as underweight (<18.5 kg/m(2)), normal weight (18.5-23.9 kg/m(2)), overweight (24.0-27.9 kg/m(2)), and obesity (≥28.0 kg/m(2)). The NBW differences were tested among the four groups, and then deeper associations among maternal pre-BMI, GWG, and NBW were investigated by multivariate analysis...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270372/congenital-hyperinsulinism-in-china-a-review-of-chinese-literature-over-the-past-15-years
#9
Wang Weiyan, Sun Yi, Zhao Wenting, Wu Tai, Wang Liang, Yuan Tianming, Yu Huimin
OBJECTIVE: The present study is investigated the clinical presentation, therapeutic outcomes and genetic mutations of CHI in Chinese individuals over the past 15 years. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed one case in the department and 206 cases reported from January 2002 to October 2016 in China from PubMed, Ovid Medline, Springer and Wanfang Database, CBMD database and CKNI database. RESULTS: In total, 207 cases were recruited: 100 cases (48...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245634/computationally-efficient-2d-doa-estimation-with-uniform-rectangular-array-in-low-grazing-angle
#10
Junpeng Shi, Guoping Hu, Xiaofei Zhang, Fenggang Sun, Yu Xiao
In this paper, we propose a computationally efficient spatial differencing matrix set (SDMS) method for two-dimensional direction of arrival (2D DOA) estimation with uniform rectangular arrays (URAs) in a low-grazing angle (LGA) condition. By rearranging the auto-correlation and cross-correlation matrices in turn among different subarrays, the SDMS method can estimate the two parameters independently with one-dimensional (1D) subspace-based estimation techniques, where we only perform difference for auto-correlation matrices and the cross-correlation matrices are kept completely...
February 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237510/retrospective-evaluation-of-a-national-guideline-to-prevent-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#11
Annett Helleskov Rasmussen, Sonja Wehberg, Jesper Fenger-Groen, Henrik Thybo Christesen
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is common in neonates and may cause adverse neurological outcomes. Guidelines should aim to prevent repeated hypoglycemic episodes in risk groups, but they are not usually stratified according to the severity of hypoglycemia risk, which may lead to inappropriate and redundant interventions. We evaluated the effect of a national prevention guideline stratified according to mild, moderate, and severe risks of hypoglycemia. METHODS: From national registers, a population cohort of 22,725 neonates was identified retrospectively before and after implementation of a national guideline...
January 24, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151496/prediction-of-large-for-gestational-age-by-various-sonographic-fetal-weight-estimation-formulas-which-should-we-use
#12
A Aviram, Y Yogev, E Ashwal, L Hiersch, E Hadar, R Gabbay-Benziv
OBJECTIVE: As sonographic estimation of fetal weight (EFW) carries substantial impact, especially in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) neonates, we aimed to compare the accuracy of various formulas for prediction of LGA neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations at term, with EFW up to 7 days before delivery (2007 to 2014). Small-for-gestational-age neonates were excluded. LGA prediction for various formulas was evaluated by: (i) measures of performance (sensitivity, specificity, etc...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132696/socioeconomic-and-geographic-disparities-in-access-to-pharmacotherapy-for-alcohol-dependence
#13
Kirsten C Morley, Warren Logge, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Andrew Baillie, Paul S Haber
A higher rate of alcohol-attributable morbidity and mortality exists in remote and socioeconomically disadvantaged regions of Australia. This study aimed to explore the dispensing pattern of pharmacotherapy for alcohol dependence across these groups. A retrospective cohort study of patients (aged 15-84) dispensed acamprosate or naltrexone (July 2009-June 2013) was conducted. Observed dispensing rates were obtained for 541 local government areas (LGA) of Australia. Expected dispensing was based on national rates and age standardized to each LGA...
March 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132170/gestational-weight-gain-and-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-underweight-pregnant-women-a-population-based-historical-cohort-study
#14
Jeffrey A Gavard
Objective Limited data are available that estimate the effect of gestational weight gain on maternal and neonatal outcomes in underweight women according to revised 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines. Methods A population-based historical cohort study of 21,674 underweight women in Missouri delivering liveborn, singleton, term infants in 2002-2008 was conducted. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated for gestational weight gain categories with multiple logistic regression, using the 2009 IOM recommended 28-40 pounds as the reference group...
January 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132039/hepatic-arterial-anatomy-variations-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-evaluated-by-computed-tomography-angiography
#15
N Onashvili, M Kutateladze, N Tugushi, I Avazashvili, M Mizandari
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and one of the major reasons for performing percutaneous endovascular procedures or liver surgery. Hepatic arterial anatomy is of major importance in performing these procedures on the liver. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of various hepatic arterial variants in HCC patients. 78 patients were included in the study. Abdominal multiphase Computed Tomography scans of all patients have been assessed for presence of the hepatic arterial supply anatomical variations...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122694/single-fasting-plasma-glucose-versus-75-g-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-in-prediction-of-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-a-cohort-study
#16
Songying Shen, Jinhua Lu, Lifang Zhang, Jianrong He, Weidong Li, Niannian Chen, Xingxuan Wen, Wanqing Xiao, Mingyang Yuan, Lan Qiu, Kar Keung Cheng, Huimin Xia, Ben Willem J Mol, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND: There remains uncertainty regarding whether a single fasting glucose measurement is sufficient to predict risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We included 12,594 pregnant women who underwent a 75-g oral glucose-tolerance test (OGTT) at 22-28weeks' gestation in the Born in Guangzhou Cohort Study, China. Outcomes were large for gestational age (LGA) baby, cesarean section, and spontaneous preterm birth. We calculated the area under the receiver operator characteristic curves (AUCs) to assess the capacity of OGTT glucose values to predict adverse outcomes, and compared the AUCs of different components of OGTT...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122472/human-placental-growth-hormone-is-increased-in-maternal-serum-at-20-weeks-of-gestation-in-pregnancies-with-large-for-gestational-age-babies
#17
Shutan Liao, Mark H Vickers, Rennae S Taylor, Beatrix Jones, Mhoyra Fraser, Lesley M E McCowan, Philip N Baker, Jo K Perry
To investigate the relationship between maternal serum concentrations of placental growth hormone (GH-V), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 and 2, IGF binding proteins (IGFBP)-1 and 3 and birth weight in appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA), large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) cases in a nested case-control study. Maternal serum samples were selected from the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) biobank in Auckland, New Zealand. Serum hormone concentrations were determined by ELISA...
January 25, 2017: Growth Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120879/associations-of-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-with-birth-outcomes-in-shanghai-china
#18
Lingli Xiao, Guodong Ding, Angela Vinturache, Jian Xu, Yifang Ding, Jialin Guo, Liping Huang, Xuelei Yin, Jing Qiao, Inesh Thureraja, Xiaoming Ben
Recent data suggests that abnormal maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) or gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with unfavorable delivery outcomes. However, limited clinical evidence is available to support this correlation in China. Participating 510 mother-infant pairs were recruited from the Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, China, between January 1(st) and 30(th) 2016. Maternal pre-pregnancy BMI was categorized according to the China's classification and GWG according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine recommendations (IOM)...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104278/review-is-rapid-fat-accumulation-in-early-life-associated-with-adverse-later-health-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Abirami Ratnasingham, Yvonne A Eiby, Marloes Dekker Nitert, Timothy Donovan, Barbara E Lingwood
This review discusses ways in which the maternal environment and placental function affect the birth weight and adult health outcomes of offspring. These maternal and placental factors have varying and sometimes opposing effects on birth weight, resulting in infants that are born small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA) or preterm. However, all these alterations in weight have similar effects on adult health, increasing the risk of obesity and its associated cardiovascular and metabolic disorders...
January 11, 2017: Placenta
keyword
keyword
105799
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"