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Hsp 70

Kirsten F Smit, Daniel Brevoord, Stefan De Hert, Bas A de Mol, Raphaela P Kerindongo, Susan van Dieren, Wolfgang S Schlack, Markus W Hollmann, Nina C Weber, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: The noble gas helium induces pre- and postconditioning in animals and humans. Volatile anesthetics induce cardioprotection in humans undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We hypothesized that helium induces pre- and postconditioning in CABG-patients, affecting signaling molecules protein kinase C-epsilon (PKC-ε), p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK-1/2) and heat shock protein 27 (HSP-27) within cardiac tissue, and reducing postoperative troponin levels...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Ji Hae Seo, Ji-Hyeon Park, Eun Ji Lee, Tam Thuy Lu Vo, Hoon Choi, Jun Yong Kim, Jae Kyung Jang, Hee-Jun Wee, Hye Shin Lee, Se Hwan Jang, Zee Yong Park, Jaeho Jeong, Kong-Joo Lee, Seung-Hyeon Seok, Jin Young Park, Bong Jin Lee, Mi-Ni Lee, Goo Taeg Oh, Kyu-Won Kim
Heat shock protein (Hsp)70 is a molecular chaperone that maintains protein homoeostasis during cellular stress through two opposing mechanisms: protein refolding and degradation. However, the mechanisms by which Hsp70 balances these opposing functions under stress conditions remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate that Hsp70 preferentially facilitates protein refolding after stress, gradually switching to protein degradation via a mechanism dependent on ARD1-mediated Hsp70 acetylation. During the early stress response, Hsp70 is immediately acetylated by ARD1 at K77, and the acetylated Hsp70 binds to the co-chaperone Hop to allow protein refolding...
October 6, 2016: Nature Communications
P Li, X F Jiang, W B Guo, J Yan, K Y Zhou
Two heat-shock protein (HSP) 70 family transcripts, heat-shock protein 70 cognate 5 and heat-shock protein 70 cognate 3 (designated as EsHSC70-5 and EsHSC70-3, respectively), were isolated from the Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis and their expression profiles were evaluated for their responsiveness to larval development and immune challenge in adult crabs. The HSPs exhibited 45-89% identity with other heat-shock proteins, and they shared similar structural features. EsHSC70 mRNA expression was detected not only during infection but also during the developmental larval stages...
September 16, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Prem Rajak, Moumita Dutta, Salma Khatun, Moutushi Mandi, Sumedha Roy
This study reveals protective role of l-ascorbic acid (25, 50 and 100μg/mL) against toxic impacts of acute sub-lethal exposure of Acephate (5μg/mL) in a non-target organism Drosophila melanogaster. Organismal effect was evident from increased impairment in climbing activities (9 folds) of treated individuals who also manifested altered ocular architecture. These anomalies were reduced with l-ascorbic acid (l-AA) supplementation. Acephate induced apoptotic lesions in eye imaginal discs and gut confirmed tissue damage that also reduced with l-AA co-treatment...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Pumza Magangane, Raveendra Sookhayi, Dhirendra Govender, Richard Naidoo
DLBCL is the most common lymphoma subtype occurring in older populations as well as in younger HIV infected patients. The current treatment options for DLBCL are effective for most patients yet the relapse rate is high. While many biomarkers for DLBCL exist, they are not in clinical use due to low sensitivity and specificity. In addition, these biomarkers have not been studied in the HIV context. Therefore, the identification of new biomarkers for HIV negative and HIV positive DLBCL, may lead to a better understanding of the disease pathology and better therapeutic design...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Molecular Histology
Qingtao Liu, Xinmei Huang, Dongmin Zhao, Kaikai Han, Yuzhuo Liu, Jing Yang, Keran Bi, Yin Li
This study attempts to identify receptor elements for Tembusu virus (TMUV) on DF-1 cells. Using co-immunoprecipitation and virus overlay protein binding assays, we identified a TMUV-binding protein of approximately 70-kDa on DF-1 cell membranes. Mass spectroscopy identified the protein to be heat shock protein (HSP) A9, which was reconfirmed by an anti-HSPA9 antibody. Indirect immunofluorescence demonstrated a significant degree of colocalization between HSPA9 and TMUV on cell surface. Additionally, an antibody against HSPA9 could inhibit TMUV infection in DF-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner...
September 29, 2016: Virus Research
Jun-Hwan Kim, Ju-Chan Kang
Juvenile rockfish, Sebastes schlegelii (mean length 16.4±1.9cm, and mean weight 71.6±6.4g) were exposed for 20days with the different levels of waterborne arsenic concentration (0, 50, 100, 200 and 400μg/L). The plasma cortisol of S. schlegelii was significantly increased by the waterborne arsenit exposure. In the immune responses, the immunoglobulin M (Ig M) and lysozyme activity of S. schlegelii were significantly increased by the waterborne arsenic exposure. The acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity of S...
September 26, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Hye Yun Kim, Yong-Sam Kim, Hye Hyeon Yun, Chang-Nim Im, Jeong-Heon Ko, Jeong-Hwa Lee
B-cell lymphoma (BCL)-2-interacting cell death suppressor (BIS) has diverse cellular functions depending on its binding partners. However, little is known about the effects of biochemical modification of BIS on its various activities under oxidative stress conditions. In this study, we showed that H2O2 reduced BIS mobility on SDS-polyacrylamide gels in a time-dependent manner via the activation of extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (ERK). The combined results of mass spectroscopy and computational prediction identified Thr285 and Ser289 in BIS as candidate residues for phosphorylation by ERK under oxidative stress conditions...
September 23, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
E M Sadeesh, P Sikka, A K Balhara, S Balhara
The study examined the effects of different environmental stress on developmental competence and the relative abundance (RA) of various gene transcripts in oocytes and embryos of buffalo. Oocytes collected during cold period (CP) and hot period (HP) were matured, fertilized and cultured in vitro to blastocyst hatching stage. The mRNA expression patterns of genes implicated in developmental competence (OCT-4, IGF-2R and GDF-9), heat shock (HSP-70.1), oxidative stress (MnSOD), metabolism (GLUT-1), pro-apoptosis (BAX) and anti-apoptosis (BCL-2) were evaluated in immature and matured oocytes as well as in pre-implantation stage embryos...
September 20, 2016: Cytotechnology
Yu He, Wei Xia Du, Hong Yan Jiang, Qing Ai, Jinxing Feng, Zhengqiu Liu, Jia Lin Yu
BACKGROUND: Early onset sepsis (EOS) remains a major cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates, and traditional clinical markers effective for adults are less effective in these patients. This study aimed to assess the value of individual plasma biomarkers as well as biomarker combinations for predicting EOS in neonates. METHODS: This prospective study included 151 neonates with suspected EOS. Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-27, IL-6, IL-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, heat shock protein (HSP) 70, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1α, MIP-1β, granzyme B, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 were measured through multiplex cytokine profiling and assessed along with C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT)...
September 19, 2016: Shock
Sabine Matou-Nasri, Zaki Rabhan, Haya Al-Baijan, Hamad Al-Eidi, Wesam Bin Yahya, Abdelkareem Al Abdulrahman, Nasser Almobadel, Mona Alsubeai, Saleh Al Ghamdi, Ahmed Alaskar, Mohammed AlBalwi, Mohsen Alzahrani, Ibrahim Alabdulkareem
B-cells of the high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) overexpress survival oncoproteins, including the proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukaemia virus kinase (Pim)-1, and become apoptosis resistant. Activated death receptor CD95 after ligation with anti-CD95 monoclonal antibody (mAb) resulted in the regression of BL via induction of apoptosis, suggesting a decrease of survival protein expression. Here, CD95-mediated apoptotic pathways in BL B-cell lines (Raji and Daudi) following treatment with anti-CD95 mAb was investigated with the cause-and-effects on pim-1 gene expression, in comparison with leukemic cell line (K562) used as CD95-negative cells...
September 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Marwan Moussa, S Nahum Goldberg, Gaurav Kumar, Tatyana Levchenko, Vladimir Torchilin, Muneeb Ahmed
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different radio-frequency ablation (RFA) thermal doses on coagulation and heat shock protein (HSP) response with and without adjuvant nanotherapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, Fischer rats were assigned to nine different thermal doses of hepatic RFA (50-90 °C, 2-20 min, three per group) or no treatment (n = 3). Next, five of these RF thermal doses were combined with liposomal-doxorubicin (Lipo-Dox, 1 mg intravenously) in R3230 breast tumours, or no tumour treatment (five per group)...
December 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Alberto López Furelos, José Manuel Leiro Vidal, Aarón Ángel Salas Sánchez, Francisco José Ares Pena, María Elena López Martín
Multiple simultaneous exposures to electromagnetic signals induced adjustments in mammal nervous systems. In this study, we investigated the non-thermal SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) in the cerebral or cerebellar hemispheres of rats exposed in vivo to combined electromagnetic field (EMF) signals at 900 and 2450 MHz.Forty rats divided into four groups of 10 were individually exposed or not exposed to radiation in a GTEM chamber for one or two hours. After radiation, we used the Chemiluminescent Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ChELISA) technique to measure cellular stress levels, indicated by the presence of heat shock proteins (HSP) 90 and 70, as well as caspase-3-dependent pre-apoptotic activity in left and right cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres of Sprague Dawley rats...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
I Zulkifli, M Shakeri, A F Soleimani
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary glutamine (Gln) + glutamic acid (Glu) supplementation on growth performance and physiological stress response in broiler chickens subjected to 24 h delay in placement. Equal number of day-old broiler chicks were assigned to either immediate placement or with 24 h delay in placement with no access to feed and water. Chicks from each placement group were fed either standard starter diet (control) or standard starter diet +1% AminoGut (AG; mixture of 10% Gln and 10% Glu) from 1 to 21 d...
September 1, 2016: Poultry Science
Keiko Omori, Eiji Kobayashi, Jeffrey Rawson, Masafumi Takahashi, Yoko Mullen
Prolonged pancreas cold ischemia is known to negatively correlate with islet isolation outcomes, hindering successful islet transplantation to treat Type-1 Diabetes. Due to poor islet isolation outcome, pancreata with over 16 h cold ischemia are currently not considered for islet transplantation. Mechanisms involved in pancreas cold ischemia/rewarming mediated islet damage during islet isolation and culture are not well understood. Using an en bloc cold preserved rat pancreas preparation, we attempted to clarify possible mechanisms of islet death associated with prolonged pancreas cold ischemia and subsequent rewarming...
October 2016: Cryobiology
Prakasha Kempaiah, Karol Dokladny, Zachary Karim, Evans Raballah, John M Ong'echa, Pope L Moseley, Douglas J Perkins
Severe malarial anemia [SMA, hemoglobin (Hb) <5.0 g/dL] is a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality among children residing in Plasmodium falciparum transmission regions. Exploration of molecular pathways through global gene expression profiling revealed that SMA was characterized by decreased HSPA1A, a heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 coding gene. Hsp70 is a ubiquitous chaperone that regulates Nuclear Factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines known to be important in malaria pathogenesis (e...
August 30, 2016: Molecular Medicine
Kanwal Maheshwari, Renato M Silva, Leticia Guajardo-Morales, Gustavo P Garlet, Alexandre R Vieira, Ariadne Letra
INTRODUCTION: Heat shock proteins (HSPs) protect cells under adverse conditions such as infection, inflammation, and disease. The differential expression of HSPs in human periapical granulomas suggests a potential role for these proteins in periapical lesion development, which may contribute to different clinical outcomes. Therefore, we hypothesized that polymorphisms in HSP genes leading to perturbed gene expression and protein function may contribute to an individual's susceptibility to periapical lesion development...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Muskan Gupta, Gurcharan Kaur
BACKGROUND: Microglial-mediated neuroinflammation is a key factor underlying the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases and also an important target for the development of the neuroinflammation-targeted therapeutics. Conventionally, the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed, but they are associated with long-term potential risks. Natural products are the cornerstone of modern therapeutics, and Ashwagandha is one such plant which is well known for its immunomodulatory properties in Ayurveda...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Fei Jiang, Jinyan He, Nalu Navarro-Alvarez, Jian Xu, Xia Li, Peng Li, Wenxue Wu
Chronic non-progressive pneumonia, a disease that has become a worldwide epidemic has caused considerable loss to sheep industry. Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae (M. ovipneumoniae) is the causative agent of interstitial pneumonia in sheep, goat and bighorn. We here have identified by immunogold and immunoblotting that elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70) are membrane-associated proteins on M. ovipneumonaiea. We have evaluated the humoral and cellular immune responses in vivo by immunizing BALB/c mice with both purified recombinant proteins rEF-Tu and rHSP70...
2016: PloS One
Phattirapa Khondee, Chantragan Srisomsap, Daranee Chokchaichamnankit, Jisnuson Svasti, Richard J Simpson, Sutin Kingtong
Tributyltin (TBT), an environmental pollutant in marine ecosystems, is toxic to organisms. Although contamination by and bioaccumulation and toxicity of this compound have been widely reported, its underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we exposed the Hooded oyster Saccostrea cucullata to TBT to investigate histopathological effects and proteome stress response. Animals were exposed to three TBT sub-lethal concentrations, 10, 50 and 150 μg/l for 48 h. TBT produced stress leading to histopathological changes in oyster tissues including mantle, gill, stomach and digestive diverticula...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
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