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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101166/hsp70-inducer-17-allylamino-demethoxygeldanamycin-provides-neuroprotection-via-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-a-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Youquan Gu, Jun Chen, Tianhong Wang, Chaoning Zhou, Zhaodong Liu, Lanhua Ma
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the predominant cause of mortality in young adults and children living in China. TBI induces inflammatory responses; in addition, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-6 are important pro-inflammatory cytokines. Considering the observation that Hsp-70 overexpression can exert neuroprotection, identifying a drug that is able to induce the upregulation of Hsp70 has the potential to be a promising therapy for the treatment of neurological diseases. Thus, the present study assessed the clinical effectiveness of an anticancer drug and Hsp70 activator, 17-allylamino-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), to evaluate its potential as a treatment for patients with TBI...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043331/avermectin-induced-global-dna-hypomethylation-and-over-expression-of-heat-shock-proteins-in-cardiac-tissues-of-pigeon
#2
Ci Liu, Ye Cao, Shuo Zhou, Pervez Ahmed Khoso, Shu Li
Despite increasing evidences pointing to residues of avermectin (AVM) pose toxic effects on non-target organisms in environment, but the data in pigeon is insufficient. The alteration of global DNA methylation and response of heat shock proteins (Hsps) are important for assessing the AVM toxicity in cardiac tissues of pigeon (Columba livia). To investigate the effects of AVM exposure in cardiac tissues of pigeon, we detected the expression levels of DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts), methylated DNA-binding domain protein 2 (MBD2), and Hsp 60, 70 and 90...
January 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031489/unrestrained-ampylation-targets-cytosolic-chaperones-and-activates-the-heat-shock-response
#3
Matthias C Truttmann, Xu Zheng, Leo Hanke, Jadyn R Damon, Monique Grootveld, Joanna Krakowiak, David Pincus, Hidde L Ploegh
Protein AMPylation is a conserved posttranslational modification with emerging roles in endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis. However, the range of substrates and cell biological consequences of AMPylation remain poorly defined. We expressed human and Caenorhabditis elegans AMPylation enzymes-huntingtin yeast-interacting protein E (HYPE) and filamentation-induced by cyclic AMP (FIC)-1, respectively-in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a eukaryote that lacks endogenous protein AMPylation. Expression of HYPE and FIC-1 in yeast induced a strong cytoplasmic Hsf1-mediated heat shock response, accompanied by attenuation of protein translation, massive protein aggregation, growth arrest, and lethality...
January 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026811/-the-role-of-heat-shock-proteins-27-and-70-in-redox-dependent-regulation-of-apoptosis-in-jurkat-tumor-cells
#4
O L Nosareva, N V Ryazantseva, E A Stepovaya, E V Shakhristova, E A Stepanova, V S Gulaya
Heat shock proteins Hsp) act as molecular chaperones, protecting enzymes and other proteins against reactive oxygen species. The objective of the study was to investigate the role of Hsp27 in maintaining the balance of the glutathione system and Hsp70 concentrations as well as in implementing Jurkat tumor cell apoptosis. Addition of the Hsp27 inhibitor KRIBB3 (5-(5-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-isoxazol) to Jurkat cells resulted in glutathione redox imbalance (increased GSSG and increased glutathione reductase activity), a decrease in Hsp70 concentrations, and also increased cell apoptosis as compared with to the intact cell culture...
November 2016: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004121/pifithrin-%C3%AE-is-efficacious-against-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-inhibition-of-heat-shock-protein-70
#5
Yang Zhou, Jingping Ma, Jiahong Zhang, Li He, Jianhua Gong, Cong Long
Heat-shock protein (Hsp) 70, known as a pro-survival protein, is aberrantly expressed in several malignancies. The small molecule 2-phenylethyenesulfonamide (PES), also referred to as pifithrin-μ, is known as an HSP70 inhibitor, which exhibits antitumor activities in a variety of cancer cell lines. However, little is known about its effect on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. This study aimed to investigate the effect of PES on human NSCLC cell lines A549 and H460, and explore the possible underlying mechanism of action...
January 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956894/modeling-axonal-defects-in-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia-with-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#6
Kyle R Denton, Chongchong Xu, Harsh Shah, Xue-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Cortical motor neurons, also known as upper motor neurons, are large projection neurons whose axons convey signals to lower motor neurons to control the muscle movements. Degeneration of cortical motor neuron axons is implicated in several debilitating disorders, including hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Since the discovery of the first HSP gene, SPAST that encodes spastin, over 70 distinct genetic loci associated with HSP have been identified...
October 2016: Frontiers in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930489/screening-and-preliminary-verification-of-a-phage-display-single-chain-antibody-library-against-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#7
Guang-Hui Zhang, Li Li, Changfu Hao, Jing-Chao Ren, Hongyi Zhang, Jie Jiao, Liyun Gao, Shibin Ding, Sanqiao Yao, Wu Yao, Weidong Wu
OBJECTIVES: To construct a phage display human antibody library (PDHAL) against pneumoconiosis for the diagnosis and treatment of coal worker pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The PDHAL was established via CWP blood and six positive antibodies were discovered. 867 coal workers (558 CWP and 309 without CWP) and 393 controls were recruited to validate the results. RESULTS: A PDHAL against CWP was established, from which six strong positive clones were selected, sequenced and identified as VEGF, interleukin-18, HSP70, HER3, Gz-B and RF...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916788/effects-of-dietary-oregano-essential-oil-and-vitamin-e-supplementation-on-meat-quality-stress-response-and-intestinal-morphology-in-pigs-following-transport-stress
#8
Yi Zou, Xiao Ming Hu, Ting Zhang, Hong Kui Wei, Yuan Fei Zhou, Zhong Xin Zhou, Jian Peng
This study investigates the effects of dietary oregano essential oil (OEO) and vitamin E (Vit E) supplementation on meat quality, stress response and intestinal morphology in pigs following transport stress. A total of 288 finishing pigs were randomly assigned to three groups: a basal diet or a basal diet supplemented either with 200 mg/kg Vit E or 25 mg/kg OEO. After a 28-day feeding trial, total of 132 finishing pigs according diet and transport stress were assigned to one of four treatment groups: 1) control treatment without transport stress (Control group), 2) control treatment with 5-hr transport stress (Negative group), 3) Vit E treatment with 5-hr transport stress and 4) OEO treatment with 5-hr transport stress...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916661/tetrameric-assembly-of-k-channels-requires-er-located-chaperone-proteins
#9
Kai Li, Qiang Jiang, Xue Bai, Yi-Feng Yang, Mei-Yu Ruan, Shi-Qing Cai
Tetrameric assembly of channel subunits in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is essential for surface expression and function of K(+) channels, but the molecular mechanism underlying this process remains unclear. In this study, we found through genetic screening that ER-located J-domain-containing chaperone proteins (J-proteins) are critical for the biogenesis and physiological function of ether-a-go-go-related gene (ERG) K(+) channels in both Caenorhabditis elegans and human cells. Human J-proteins DNAJB12 and DNAJB14 promoted tetrameric assembly of ERG (and Kv4...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908578/water-pollution-causes-ultrastructural-and-functional-damages-in-pellia-neesiana-gottsche-limpr
#10
Adriana Basile, Sergio Sorbo, Marco Lentini, Barbara Conte, Sergio Esposito
The aim of this work is to evaluate the effects of freshwater pollution in the heavily contaminated Sarno River (Campania, South Italy), using Pellia neesiana (Pelliaceae Metzgeriales) in order to propose this liverwort as a potential bioindicator, able to record the effects of water pollution, particularly the one related to metal (loid) contamination. Samples of P. neesiana in nylon bags were disposed floating for one week on the waters of Sarno River in three sites characterised by an increasing pollution...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902749/risk-factors-associated-with-renal-involvement-in-childhood-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-meta-analysis
#11
Han Chan, Yan-Ling Tang, Xiao-Hang Lv, Gao-Fu Zhang, Mo Wang, Hai-Ping Yang, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an important cause of chronic kidney disease in children. This meta-analysis identified risk factors associated with renal involvement in childhood HSP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. The quality of all eligible studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale criteria. An analysis of possible risk factors was conducted to report the odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900999/evaluating-anti-smd1-amino-acid-83-119-peptide-reactivity-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-other-immunological-diseases
#12
Hai-Ou Yang, Xiao-Qing Zhang, Qi-Hua Fu
BACKGROUND: SmD1-amino-acid 83-119 peptide (SmD183-119) is the major epitope of Smith (Sm) antigen, which is specific for adult systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The anti-SmD183-119 antibody has exhibited higher sensitivity and specificity than anti-Sm antibody in diagnosing adult SLE. However, the utility of anti-SmD183-119antibodies remains unclear in children with SLE (cSLE). This study aimed to assess the characteristics of anti-SmD183-119antibody in the diagnosis of cSLE. METHODS: Samples from 242 children with different rheumatological and immunological disorders, including autoimmune diseases (SLE [n = 46] and ankylosing spondylitis [AS, n = 11]), nonautoimmune diseases (Henoch-Schonlein purpura [HSP, n = 60], idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura [n = 27], hematuria [n = 59], and arthralgia [n = 39]) were collected from Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 6, 2012 to February 27, 2014...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900018/influence-of-ezrin-shrna-in-combination-with-hsp70-on-the-apoptosis-and-proliferation-of-osteosarcoma-cells
#13
Qin Yao, Yihua Pei, Huiqin Zhuo, Bozhen Xie
Ezrin and heat shock protein (HSP)70 have been reported to regulate cell apoptosis and tumor development of osteosarcoma. However, there has not been reported the synergy effect of knocking down ezrin and overexpressing HSP70. In the present study, two vectors, pGFP-V-RS-shRNA and pGFP-V-RS-shRNA-HSP70, were constructed and transfected into LM8 cells [denoted as small hairpin (sh)RNA group and dual group, respectively]. The apoptosis rates in these two transfected groups were significantly higher than those in the control group (empty vector) (P=0...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879375/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-koenimbine-induced-dna-damage-and-heat-shock-protein-modulation-in-hepg2-cells
#14
Yahya Hasan Hobani
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng, is a significant herb of traditional Ayurvedic system of medicine. Koenimbine, a carbazole alkaloid isolated from this plant holds antiproliferative and apoptotic effects. The aim of this study was to assess koenimbine-induced DNA damage and to clarify the role of free radicals in cell death mechanisms, using HepG2 cells. Methods The level of cytotoxicity was assayed by MTT assay. To elucidate the role of glutathione (GSH), the intracellular GSH level was analyzed. The effect of koenimbine in the cell mitochondria was evaluated using mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) changes...
November 21, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830002/comparative-analysis-of-the-interaction-of-hsps-in-dendritic-cells-macrophages-rgm-1-cells-infected-by-helicobacter-pylori
#15
Yongliang Yao, Jianhong Wu, Tao Gu, Yang Cheng, Guangxin Li
Helicobacter pylori may cause chronic gastritis, even gastric cancer, however, antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are most important immune cells involved in the induction and expression of the underlying inflammatory responses to resist H. pylori. To study the interaction of HSPs in dendritic cells (DCs), macrophages and RGM-1 cells infected with H. pylori, HSP-27, HSP-60, HSP-70 and HSP-90 proteins were analyzed in the mucosa tissue or serum of gastritis patients caused by H. pylori, and in cell supernatant of DCs, macrophages, RGM-1 infected by H...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829973/common-functions-of-the-chloroplast-and-mitochondrial-co-chaperones-cpdnajl-cdf1-and-mtdnaj-pam16-in-protein-import-and-ros-scavenging-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#16
REVIEW
John Gray, Sachin Rustgi, Diter von Wettstein, Christiane Reinbothe, Steffen Reinbothe
As semi-autonomous cell organelles that contain only limited coding information in their own DNA, chloroplasts and mitochondria must import the vast majority of their protein constituents from the cytosol. Respective protein import machineries have been identified that mediate the uptake of chloroplast and mitochondrial proteins and interact with molecular chaperones of the HEAT-SHOCK PROTEIN (HSP) 70 family operating as import motors. Recent work identified unexpected new functions of 2 DnaJ co-chaperones in mitochondrial and chloroplast protein translocation and suggest a common mechanism of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging that shall be discussed here...
2016: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825870/short-term-molecular-and-physiological-responses-to-heat-stress-in-neritic-copepods-acartia-tonsa-and-eurytemora-affinis
#17
Janina Rahlff, Janna Peters, Marta Moyano, Ole Pless, Carsten Claussen, Myron A Peck
Invertebrates inhabiting shallow water habitats represent particularly appropriate organisms for studying the acclimation potential to environmental stress, since they naturally experience large fluctuations in key abiotic factors such as temperature and salinity. We quantified the biochemical- (mRNA transcripts of 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (grp78), 70-kDa heat shock protein (hsp70), 90-kDa heat shock protein (hsp90), protein synthesis of HSP70) and organismal- (oxygen consumption rates) level responses to acute heat stress on two neritic copepods (Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora affinis) with special emphasis on the role of short-term acclimation...
January 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802836/involvement-of-heat-shock-proteins-on-mn-induced-toxicity-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#18
Daiana Silva Avila, Alexandre Benedetto, Catherine Au, Julia Bornhorst, Michael Aschner
BACKGROUND: All living cells display a rapid molecular response to adverse environmental conditions, and the heat shock protein family reflects one such example. Hence, failing to activate heat shock proteins can impair the cellular response. In the present study, we evaluated whether the loss of different isoforms of heat shock protein (hsp) genes in Caenorhabditis elegans would affect their vulnerability to Manganese (Mn) toxicity. METHODS: We exposed wild type and selected hsp mutant worms to Mn (30 min) and next evaluated further the most susceptible strains...
November 2, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799162/protein-stabilization-improves-stat3-function-in-autosomal-dominant-hyper-ige-syndrome
#19
Claire E Bocchini, Karen Nahmod, Panagiotis Katsonis, Sang Kim, Moses M Kasembeli, Alexandra Freeman, Olivier Lichtarge, George Makedonas, David J Tweardy
Autosomal dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) is caused by dominant-negative mutations in STAT3; however, the molecular basis for mutant STAT3 allele dysfunction is unclear and treatment remains supportive. We hypothesized that AD-HIES mutations decrease STAT3 protein stability and that mutant STAT3 activity can be improved by agents that increase chaperone protein activity. We used computer modeling to characterize the effect of STAT3 mutations on protein stability. We measured STAT3 protein half-life (t1/2) and determined levels of STAT3 phosphorylated on tyrosine (Y) 705 (pY-STAT3) and mRNA levels of STAT3 gene targets in Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B (EBV) cells, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and mouse splenocytes incubated without or with chaperone protein modulators-HSF1A, a small-molecule TRiC modulator, or geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), a drug that upregulates heat shock protein (HSP) 70 and HSP90...
December 29, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789295/effect-of-stress-on-heat-shock-protein-levels-immune-response-and-survival-to-fungal-infection-of-mamestra-brassicae-larvae
#20
E H Richards, M P Dani, Y Lu, T Butt, R J Weaver
Although the utilisation of fungal biological control agents to kill insect pests is desirable, it is known that the outcome of infection may be influenced by a number of criteria, including whether or not the target insect is stressed. In the current work, topical treatment of larvae of the lepidopteran pest, Mamestra brassicae, with conidia of Beauveria bassiana, followed by a heat stress (HS; 37°C for 1h) 48h later, resulted in a similar level of larval survival to that occurring for no heat stress (No-HS), fungus-treated larvae...
January 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
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