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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142868/protrusive-maxillomandibular-fixation-for-intracapsular-condylar-fracture-a-report-of-two-cases
#1
Yeong Kon Jeong, Won-Jong Park, Il Kyung Park, Gi Tae Kim, Eun Joo Choi
Clinical limitations following closed reduction of an intracapsular condylar fracture include a decrease in maximum mouth opening, reduced range of mandibular movements such as protrusion/lateral excursion, and reduced occlusal stability. Anteromedial and inferior displacement of the medial condyle fragment by traction of the lateral pterygoid muscle can induce bone overgrowth due to distraction osteogenesis between the medial and lateral condylar fragments, causing structural changes in the condyle. In addition, when conventional maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) is performed, persistent interdental contact sustains masticatory muscle hyperactivity, leading to a decreased vertical dimension and premature contact of the posterior teeth...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135290/-study-of-the-canalis-mandibulae-morphology-in-different-vertical-facial-types
#2
Krisztina Mártha I, Cristina Bica, Blanka Kész, Bernadette Kerekes Máthé
INTRODUCTION: The precise knowledge of the position of canalis mandibulae and foramen mandibulae is important for surgical and endodontic interventions on the mandible. AIM: The aim of the study is to examine the position of these anatomical landmarks in different vertical facial types. METHOD: In the panorama radiograph of 26 normodivergent, 26 hypodivergent and 28 hyperdivergent arthritis (total of 1360 measurements) we measured the distance between the canalis mandibulae and interdental septums, the apex of the lateral teeth, the mandibular base, the goniac angle, and the steepness of the canal and the distance the foramen mandibulae to the anterior and posterior margin of the ramus...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129846/the-il18-promoter-polymorphism-rs1946518-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-periodontitis-in-japanese-women-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#3
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Takashi Hanioka, Shinya Furukawa, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Masashi Arakawa
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in periodontitis and its polymorphisms might modulate the individual susceptibility to periodontitis. Only a limited number of studies on the association between IL18 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of periodontitis have been realized, however. The aim of this case-control study among young post-partum Japanese women (18 to 45 years) was to determine the impact of SNPs, rs1946518 (-607 C/A) and rs187238 (-137G/C), on periodontitis...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123991/the-use-of-synthes-matrixwave-bone-anchored-arch-bars-for-closed-treatment-of-multiple-concurrent-mandibular-fractures
#4
Elizabeth Kiwanuka, Rajiv Iyengar, Charles Christopher Jehle, Raman Mehrzad, Daniel Kwan
Background: Maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) is an important tool in the treatment of facial fractures and bone-anchored arch bar systems have emerged as treatment options. This study illustrates our experience with the Synthes MatrixWAVE MMF system and the novel application in closed treatment of patients with multiple concurrent mandibular fractures. Methods: We enrolled eight patients with concurrent mandibular fractures and treated them with the MatrixWAVE MMF system...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099376/interdental-papilla-formation-after-diastema-closure
#5
Leticia Ferreira de Freitas Brianezzi, Bárbara Margarido Brondino, Giuliana Campo Chaves, Sérgio Kiyoshi Ishikiriama, Adilson Yoshio Furuse
Due to improvements in esthetic dentistry, the number of patients seeking to obtain a more harmonious smile has increased. A 40-year-old woman was referred for treatment because she was dissatisfied with the effect that diastemas and a conoid tooth had on her smile. Her maxillary anterior teeth were relatively short, resulting in a compromised esthetic relationship between height and width. Orthodontic treatment for better distribution of her teeth was recommended to the patient, but she refused, wanting faster and less expensive treatment...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090124/the-relationships-between-the-arrangement-of-teeth-root-resorption-and-dental-maturity-in-bovine-mandibular-incisors
#6
Jin-Kyu An, Yoshiro Matsumoto, Takashi Ono
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the eruption pattern and root resorption of the bovine anterior dentition in relation to growth-related parameters based on dental maturity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 bovine anterior mandibles by using standard radiography, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), and actual measurements. We determined the relationships between the stages of dental maturity by using a modification of Demirjian's method and various growth-related parameters, such as the activity of the root-resorbing tissue and mobility of the deciduous teeth...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075023/no-clinical-quantifiable-benefits-between-non-surgical-and-surgical-endodontic-treatment
#7
Debra M Ferrailo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesThe authors searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid and Embase Ovid. The US National Registry of Clinical Trials (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. There were no restrictions regarding language and publication date. The authors hand-searched the reference lists of the studies retrieved and key journals in the field of endodontics...
October 27, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042743/necrotizing-ulcerative-gingivitis
#8
Rayhana Malek, Amina Gharibi, Nadia Khlil, Jamila Kissa
Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a typical form of periodontal diseases. It has an acute clinical presentation with the distinctive characteristics of rapid onset of interdental gingival necrosis, gingival pain, bleeding, and halitosis. Systemic symptoms such as lymphadenopathy and malaise could be also found. There are various predisposing factors such as stress, nutritional deficiencies, and immune system dysfunctions, especially, HIV infection that seems to play a major role in the pathogenesis of NUG...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034970/oral-health-of-older-residents-in-care-and-community-dwellers-nursing-implications
#9
J S Choi, Y J Yi, L R Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health is associated with a reduced quality of life and serious illnesses. Consequently, nurses need to be more aware of oral health to improve the general health of residents in care. AIM: To evaluate and compare oral health behaviours and levels of salivary haemoglobin and dental biofilm acidogenicity, which can be used to evaluate oral disease activity, between residents and community dwellers in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 133 participants: 64 residents and 69 community dwellers...
October 16, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023620/analysis-of-morphologic-attributes-in-dental-esthetics-a-new-concept
#10
Aarati Nayak, Nami Rajpoot, Ranganath Nayak, Ramakant Nayak
An interdisciplinary approach to esthetics requires a comprehensive treatment plan formulated through evaluation of several restorative and periodontal parameters that influence the esthetic zone. A total of 25 subjects (13 women and 12 men, with an age range of 18 to 23 years) participated in the study. Parameters such as gingival biotype on the labial aspect, crown width to crown length ratio, and interdental papilla proportion, with respect to the maxillary anterior teeth, were determined. An attempt was made to establish a correlation between these components, and a positive correlation was found...
November 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018487/the-effects-of-curcumin-on-wound-healing-in-a-rat-model-of-nasal-mucosal-trauma
#11
Gokhan Emiroglu, Zerrin Ozergin Coskun, Yildiray Kalkan, Ozlem Celebi Erdivanli, Levent Tumkaya, Suat Terzi, Abdulkadir Özgür, Munir Demirci, Engin Dursun
We explored the effects of topical curcumin on the healing of nasal mucosal wounds. A total of 32 Sprague-Dawley Albino rats were randomized in equal numbers into four groups, and unilateral nasal wounds were created using an interdental brush. Group 1 (the sham-control group) contained untreated rats with traumatized right-side nasal cavities; Group 2 and 3 rats were similarly traumatized and treated with topical curcumin (5 and 10 mg/mL) dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide daily for 7 days after trauma; Group 4 rats were treated with topical dimethyl sulfoxide only...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016613/quantification-of-carious-pathogens-in-the-interdental-microbiota-of-young-caries-free-adults
#12
Denis Bourgeois, Alexandra David, Camille Inquimbert, Paul Tramini, Nicolas Molinari, Florence Carrouel
BACKGROUND: The majority of caries lesions in adults occur on the proximal tooth surfaces of the posterior teeth. A comprehensive study of the composition of the oral microbiota is fundamental for a better understanding of the etiology of interdental caries. METHODS: Twenty-five caries-free subjects (20-35 years old) were enrolled in the study. The interdental biofilm of four interdental sites were collected. The real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methodology were used to quantify (i) the following bacteria: Streptococcus spp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971569/interdental-plaque-reduction-after-use-of-different-devices-in-young-subjects-with-intact-papilla-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
F Graziani, A Palazzolo, S Gennai, D Karapetsa, M R Giuca, S Cei, N Filice, M Petrini, M Nisi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of 4 different oral hygiene regimens involving adjunctive interdental cleaning devices in unsupervised young subjects with intact interdental papilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty periodontally healthy subjects were randomly allocated to 4 groups following different oral hygiene regimens (T-7): use of manual toothbrush alone; manual toothbrush plus dental floss; manual toothbrush plus interdental brushes; and manual toothbrush plus rubber interdental picks...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965250/a-5-year-prospective-study-on-regenerative-periodontal-therapy-of-infrabony-defects-using-minimally-invasive-surgery-and-a-collagen-enriched-bovine-derived-xenograft
#14
Thomas De Bruyckere, Aryan Eghbali, Faris Younes, Roberto Cleymaet, Wolfgang Jacquet, Hugo De Bruyn, Jan Cosyn
AIM: The primary objective of this study was (1) to evaluate the 5-year clinical outcome of regenerative periodontal therapy (RPT) using minimally invasive surgery and a collagen-enriched bovine-derived xenograft and (2) to identify predictors for clinical attachment level (CAL) gain and vertical radiographic bone (RB) gain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-five non-smoking patients with ≤ 25% full-mouth plaque and bleeding presenting ≥ 6 months after initial periodontal therapy with ≥ 1 isolated interdental infrabony defect were recruited...
September 30, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952192/efficacy-of-a-rubber-bristles-interdental-cleaner-compared-to-an-interdental-brush-on-dental-plaque-gingival-bleeding-and-gingival-abrasion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, E van der Sluijs, G A van der Weijden, D E Slot
AIM: To determine the efficacy of a rubber bristles interdental cleaner (RBIC) compared to an interdental brush (IDB) in reducing gingivitis and additionally to evaluate participants' attitudes and possible side effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a 2-treatment, parallel, split-mouth, examiner-blind RCT, evaluating the reversal of experimental gingivitis. In total, 42 systemically healthy volunteers were recruited that were currently non-users of interdental cleaning devices...
September 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943223/-the-mouth-of-patients-with-acromegaly
#16
REVIEW
Christine Cortet-Rudelli
Orofacial changes are frequent in acromegaly. Their evolution is slowly progressive. The lips (everted and thickened), the mandibular morphology (prognathism), the tongue (macroglossia), the soft palate and the uvula (increased and thickened), the parodontis (gingival hyperplasia, paradontitis), the teeth (increased interdental spaces, hypercementosis, increased dental mobility, multiple tooth loss) are concerned. Functional consequences are significant (obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, malocclusion, pain of the oral maxillofacial area, decrease of the quality of life)...
September 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916204/insufficient-evidence-to-claim-that-a-2-arm-interdental-cleaning-device-has-better-reachability-and-accessibility-than-a-1-arm-interdental-cleaning-device
#17
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891547/classification-of-alveolar-bone-destruction-patterns-on-maxillary-molars-by-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#18
G Ozcan, A E Sekerci
OBJECTIVE: The defective diagnosis of alveolar structures is one of most serious handicaps when assessing available periodontal treatment options for the prevention of tooth loss. The aim of this research was to classify alveolar bone defects in the maxillary molar region which is a challenging area for dental implant applications. To our knowledge, this is the first study of periodontal bone defect prevalence by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the remaining alveolar bone patterns of 669 maxillary molars of 243 patients with periodontal bone loss were investigated on four aspects and the furcation areas of teeth, and then they were classified into six main groups...
August 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877371/association-between-increased-concavity-of-maxillary-labial-alveolar-bone-and-decreased-labial-cortical-bone-thickness-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-aided-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Lino Calvani, Ludovica Calvani, Hiroshi Hirayama, Argiris Pissiotis, Konstantinos Michalakis
PURPOSE: To assess whether an increased concavity of maxillary labial alveolar bone is related to labial thickness of cortical bone in that area and to the presence of extraoral manifestations in the philtrum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography images along with intra- and extraoral photographic images of 50 Caucasian female patients, age range 18 to 65 years (mean: 37 years), previously evaluated for implant treatment were assessed by three experienced prosthodontists...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868093/on-the-cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-drug-induced-gingival-overgrowth
#20
Albert Ramírez-Rámiz, Lluís Brunet-LLobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, Jaume Miranda-Rius
INTRODUCTION: Gingival overgrowth has been linked to multiple factors such as adverse drug effects, inflammation, neoplastic processes, and hereditary gingival fibromatosis. Drug-induced gingival overgrowth is a well-established adverse event. In early stages, this gingival enlargement is usually located in the area of the interdental papilla. Histologically, there is an increase in the different components of the extracellular matrix. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this manuscript is to describe and analyze the different cellular and molecular agents involved in the pathogenesis of Drug-induced gingival overgrowth...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
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