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Daniel B Rodrigues, Paulo S F Campos, Larry M Wolford, Jaqueline Ignácio, João R Gonçalves
PURPOSE: Maxillary segmentation involving interdental osteotomies can have an adverse effect on the interdental crestal bone and adjacent teeth. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of interdental osteotomies on surrounding osseous and dental structures, including adjacent teeth, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), in patients who underwent segmental maxillary osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study evaluated interdental osteotomy (IDO) sites between the lateral incisors and canines in patients treated with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eva Cepova, Martina Cicvakova, Peter Kolarcik, Neda Markovska, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
BACKGROUND: Modification of health literacy (HL) is an important factor for improving and maintaining oral health. The aim of the study is to examine the association of HL with oral health-promoting behaviour (OHPB) and assess possible mediating effects of HL on the impact of socioeconomic status on OHPB. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on the Slovak general adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted in 2014 and 2015. The association of HL (9 domains of the Health Literacy Questionnaire) and OHPB was analysed using logistic regression models adjusted for gender, age and educational level...
March 14, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Cristina Magnani, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: Coronally advanced flap (CAF) has been considered as one of the most predictable and versatile root coverage procedures. Thus, the aims of this study are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the long-term outcomes following CAF in the treatment of gingival recession (GR); and 2) to explore the influence of several tooth/patient-related factors on the stability of gingival margin at 5, 10, and 20 years after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with 97 GR (73 Miller`s Class I and 24 Miller's Class III) were treated with CAF in a private practice between 1984 and 1996...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Georgios A Kotsakis, Qinshu Lian, Andreas L Ioannou, Bryan S Michalowicz, Mike John, Haitao Chu
BACKGROUND: A wide selection of Interdental Oral Hygiene (IOH) aids is available to consumers. Recommendations for selection are, however, limited by the lack of direct comparisons in available studies. We aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of IOH aids using Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis (BNMA). METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials assessing IOH aids, based on a focused question. Gingival inflammation (Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding-on-probing (BOP)) was the primary outcome and plaque and probing depth were secondary outcomes A random-effects arm-based BNMA model was run for each outcome; posterior medians and 95% credible-intervals (CIs) summarized marginal distributions of parameters...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Takeshi Tsuka, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Naoki Yamamoto, Keiji Hayashi, Takehito Morita, Yuji Sunden, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 2-month-old female Holstein calf and a 5-month-old female Japanese black calf presented with a gingival vascular hamartoma located in the interdental space between the second and third mandibular incisors in the right and left mandibles, respectively. Osteolytic changes appeared within the mandibular bones adjacent to the masses on radiographic or computed tomographic images. The masses were removed along with affected mandibular bone by unilateral rostral mandibulectomy. Two cases exhibited a normal appetite and grew normally, with no cosmetic changes and recurrences...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Science
Alessandro Quaranta, Olivia Marchisio, Orlando D'Isidoro, Anna-Maria Genovesi, Ugo Covani
BACKGROUND: It is well known that poor oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment may lead to development of gingivitis, probing pocket depth, hyperplastic tissue, decalcification, dental caries and white spot lesions on the coronal surfaces of teeth. METHODS: 22 patients with the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the present study: fixed orthodontic treatment , 12-18 years, systemically healthy , no history of periodontal treatment, periodontal health or gingivitis...
February 13, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Douglas H Mahn
Proper surgical techniques can permit treatment of multiple gingival recession defects without altering the visible gingival pigmentation. In this case report, a patient presented with multiple adjacent sites displaying gingival recession. Natural pigmentation was present in the interdental papillae and in the zone of keratinized gingiva. This patient wanted his natural pigmentation to be preserved. A modified tunnel technique was used to avoid traumatizing the pigmented tissues and allow placement of a large graft...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
J T Marchesan, T Morelli, K Moss, J S Preisser, A F Zandona, S Offenbacher, J Beck
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between interdental cleaning behavior and the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease and numbers of missing teeth, with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014). Analysis included the following parameters: interproximal clinical attachment level (iCAL) ≥3 mm, interproximal probing depth (iPD) ≥4 mm, number of coronal and interproximal caries, number of missing teeth, ≥1 surfaces with coronal caries, and periodontal profile classes (PPCs)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Paula Girbés-Ballester, Jose Viña-Almunia, Jose C Balaguer-Martí, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, David Peñarrocha-Oltra
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of incision design in implant surgery on interproximal bone loss of posterior teeth adjacent to interdental single implants, comparing intrasulcular and paramarginal incision. A further aim was to assess the influence of the incision technique on peri-implant bone remodeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A controlled randomized clinical trial was carried out in a University Clinic. All the patients received an interdental posterior single implant...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Humeera M Mulla, Nupura Vibhute, Rajendra Baad, N D Shashikiran, Mustaq Parker, R C Parmod, Uzma Belgaumi, Vidya Kadashetti, Sushma Bommanawar
Introduction: Foreign bodies and tissue reactions to foreign materials are commonly encountered in the oral cavity. Exogenous materials causing foreign body reactions may be metallic (amalgam) or nonmetallic (suture materials, vegetable matter). Implantation of food particles in the oral tissues has been known to cause reactive lesions such as oral pulse granuloma. Implantation could be through extraction sockets, deep periodontal pockets, associated with tumor growth, interdental areas of teeth, unfilled root canals, and grossly decayed teeth...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Superna Tiwari, Abhilash Neelakanti, Sunil Sathyanarayana
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a nonneoplastic, tumor-like growth commonly seen in the oral mucosa or skin. Although nonpathological, its existence might lead to complications such as secondary infections or diastema formation. Hence, surgical removal of the growth seems mandatory. Histopathologic and radiographic evaluation is essential for accurate diagnosis and to rule out malignancy. A 28-year-old systemically healthy female patient reported with a swelling which involved the interdental space of maxillary left central and lateral incisors...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Nahla Nassif, Mona N Gholmieh, Elia Sfeir, Ayman Mourad
Aim: Interdental stripping is a common clinical procedure in orthodontic therapy, by reshaping the proximal contacts. Handheld abrasive strips have been criticized as time-consuming process. Metallic strip system, diamond disk, or segment disks have become increasingly popular. The aim of this study is to evaluate the morphological aspects of remodeled dental surfaces so as to conclude which of the different techniques (disk, bur, or strip) used to reduce the mesiodistal diameter is the best to reproduce the initial contour of the proximal surface of the tooth...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Martin Kolinski, Pablo Hess, Sonia Leziy, Bertil Friberg, Gionata Bellucci, Davide Trisciuoglio, Wilfried Wagner, Maximilian Moergel, Alessandro Pozzi, Jörg Wiltfang, Eleonore Behrens, Werner Zechner, Christoph Vasak, Paul Weigl
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this interim analysis of a 5-year prospective multicenter study is to evaluate clinical and radiological performance of immediately provisionalized 3.0-mm-diameter tapered implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients needing implant rehabilitation of maxillary lateral incisors or mandibular lateral and central incisors were treated with 3.0-mm-diameter implants placed in extraction or healed sites and immediately provisionalized. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed at implant insertion, 6 months thereafter, and are ongoing...
February 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Sabina Herman, Grażyna Lisowska, Joanna Herman, Ewa Wojtyna, Maciej Misiołek
The aims of the study were to determine the severity of halitosis and the association between oral hygiene practices and the severity of malodor in patients with dental and laryngological etiologies of genuine halitosis. Thirty-five laryngological and 40 dental patients with halitosis completed a structured interview and underwent laryngological and dental examinations. Halitosis was assessed using organoleptic and halimeter tests. Greater halitosis severity in laryngological patients was associated with worse clinical status of the palatine tonsils, less frequent toothbrushing, less frequent use of tongue cleaners, fewer daily meals, and increased use of mouthrinses...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Anthony Echo, Shayan A Izaddoost, Jeffrey D Friedman, Olushola Olorunnipa
Mandibular fractures are rare, most commonly occurring in young male patients who present with facial trauma. The etiology, incidence, and presentation vary among previous publications depending on cultural and socioeconomic factors of the region of origin. This multi-institutional study aims to present demographic characteristics, surgical treatment, and clinical outcomes of surgical repair of mandible fractures in the United States. An analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) adult databases of the years 2006 through 2014 was performed identifying 940 patients with an International Classification of Diseases, version 9 (ICD-9) diagnosis of either closed or open fracture of the mandible...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Kim Kniha, Karl Andreas Schlegel, Heinz Kniha, Ali Modabber, Friedrich Neukam, Kristian Kniha
PURPOSE: Soft tissue interactions with ceramic dental implants have previously been shown to have favorable esthetic outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the papilla-crown proportion around zirconia implants in a 3-year follow-up study and the correlation between the gingival biotype and changes in papillary height. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of 39 patients with 40 single-gap implants (Straumann PURE Ceramic ZLA Implant). The papilla-crown proportion was assessed after 3 months, 1 year, and 3 years...
January 28, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
S H Hwang, S G Park
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate whether depression is associated with periodontal diseases in a representative sample of South Korean adults Methods: We used data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI), conducted in 2014. We included in this study 4328 participants aged over 20 years (1768 males and 2560 females). Depression was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and history of physician-diagnosed depression...
November 24, 2017: Community Dental Health
Julia C Schmidt, Monika Astasov-Frauenhoffer, Tuomas Waltimo, Roland Weiger, Clemens Walter
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of different oscillation frequencies of three powered toothbrushes with side-to-side action for noncontact biofilm removal in an artificial interdental space model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three-species biofilm (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Streptococcus sanguinis) was formed in vitro on protein-coated titanium disks using a flow chamber system combined with a static biofilm growth model...
January 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Noémie Jublier, Eric E Clua
An accurate assessment of the biting shark size is paramount for better understanding the agonistic behavior of a species toward humans. The gray reef shark is involved in many accidental bites. Based on the capture of 35 gray sharks, we calculated the algorithm that allows the assessment of the shark size, through the interdental distance (IDD) inferred from teeth marks on human wounds. Our results show a negative allometric relationship and that IDD calculated from imprints perpetrated by the upper jaw are globally similar with those from the lower jaw, in spite of heterodonty...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Lotta Sjögreen, Åsa Mårtensson, Anne-Berit Ekström
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a slowly progressive multi-systemic disease with an autosomal-dominant inheritance caused by a mutation on chromosome 19 (19q13.3). AIMS: To explore speech characteristics in a group of individuals with the congenital and childhood-onset forms of DM1 in terms of intelligibility, speech-sound production, nasality and compensatory articulation. A further aim was to analyse whether speech characteristics were correlated to subforms of DM1 and if speech outcome could be related to muscle strength...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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