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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326979/a-retrospective-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-four-different-treatments-of-periodontal-disease-in-equine-cheek-teeth
#1
Kirsten Jackson, Lukas M Weber, Marc Tennant
Periodontal disease of equine cheek teeth is common and may lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Limited information is available comparing the effectiveness of treatment methods. The objective of this study was to retrospectively compare the effectiveness of 4 commonly used treatments in reducing periodontal pocket depth (in addition to routine dental treatment and occlusal equilibration). The 4 treatments compared were (1) removal of feed material, lavaging the pocket with dilute chlorhexidine, and then rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine-containing mouthwash (CL); (2) CL plus placement of metronidazole into the pocket (M); (3) M plus the addition of polyvinyl siloxane temporary filling over the diastema (PVS); and (4) diastema widening to increase the interdental space, then PVS (DW)...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298832/reconstruction-of-interdental-papilla-using-autogenous-bone-and-connective-tissue-grafts
#2
Santhanakrishnan Muthukumar, Pooja Ajit, Shiyamali Sundararajan, Suresh Ranga Rao
Previous studies have reported the management of Class I and II papillary defects, but knowledge on Class III defects, estimated to have a poor periodontal prognosis, remains minimal. In this case report, a Class III papillary defect reconstruction was attempted mainly since the patient reported with difficulty in phonetics. In Stage I, autogenous bone graft from the maxillary tuberosity and subepithelial connective tissue graft was augmented to decrease the distance between the interdental bone crest and contact point, simultaneously achieving a switch in the periodontal biotype...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298831/whale-s-tail-technique-a-case-series
#3
Deshpande Milind Mrunal, Jarde Samiksha Jaypal, Rohan Srinivasan Wilson, Anirban Chatterjee
The Whale's tail technique performed to obtain maximum interdental papilla fill in the anterior region after placement of bone grafts. This study aims to assess the clinical efficacy of this new technique. This report describes a series of three cases with a probing depth of 6-7 mm in the maxillary anterior teeth and their treatment with Whale's tail technique to obtain regeneration and maximum papilla preservation. The cases in this report showed a pocket depth reduction of 3-4mm and a clinical attachment gain of 3-4mm...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298817/comparative-evaluation-of-coenzyme-q10-based-gel-and-0-8-hyaluronic-acid-gel-in-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis
#4
Varun Sharma, Rajan Gupta, Parveen Dahiya, Mukesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The anti-inflammatory and immune enhancing effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and hyaluronic acid are well established in medical literature. The present study was undertaken to evaluate their role in chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty sites in 24 patients with clinically confirmed periodontitis were included in the study. A split-mouth design was used for intrasulcular application of CoQ10 as adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP), 0...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293208/motivational-interviewing-as-an-adjunct-to-periodontal-therapy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Svenja L Kopp, Christoph A Ramseier, Petra Ratka-Krüger, Johan P Woelber
Aim: Periodontal therapy is highly dependent on a patient's long-term adherence with regard to oral hygiene, diet, and regular check-ups at the dentist. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a client-centered, directive method for encouraging a patients' behavioral health change. The aim of this systematic review was to reveal the effects of MI as an adjunct to periodontal therapy. Methods: Three databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) were reviewed for randomized controlled clinical trials. Articles were included when using MI as an adjunct to periodontal therapy and presenting clinical periodontal and oral hygiene related parameters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274068/sectional-impressions-and-every-other-tooth-technique-in-fpd
#6
Swathi Sudhapalli
Gingival displacement procedure is an important component of fixed prosthodontics. It helps in delivery of the impression material subgingivally to record the finish line as well as the tooth contour apical to it, so as to produce restorations with closely adapted margins in harmony with the tooth anatomy and gingiva. While displacing gingiva with retraction cords, the health of the tissues must be maintained. In case of multiple anterior tooth preparations with close root proximity, placing the retraction cord simultaneously around all teeth will result in strangulation of interdental papillae...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266120/prevention-and-control-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-at-individual-and-population-level-consensus-report-of-group-3-of-joint-efp-orca-workshop-on-the-boundaries-between-caries-and-periodontal-diseases
#7
Søren Jepsen, Juan Blanco, Wolfgang Buchalla, Joana C Carvalho, Thomas Dietrich, Christof Dörfer, Kenneth A Eaton, Elena Figuero, Jo E Frencken, Filippo Graziani, Susan M Higham, Thomas Kocher, Marisa Maltz, Alberto Ortiz-Vigon, Julian Schmoeckel, Anton Sculean, Livia M A Tenuta, Monique H van der Veen, Vita Machiulskiene
BACKGROUND: The non-communicable diseases dental caries and periodontal diseases pose an enormous burden on mankind. The dental biofilm is a major biological determinant common to the development of both diseases, and they share common risk factors and social determinants, important for their prevention and control. The remit of this working group was to review the current state of knowledge on epidemiology, socio-behavioural aspects as well as plaque control with regard to dental caries and periodontal diseases...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259599/papilla-and-alveolar-crest-levels-in-immediate-versus-delayed-single-tooth-zirconia-implants
#8
K Kniha, H Kniha, S C Möhlhenrich, S Milz, F Hölzle, A Modabber
The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the papilla deficit and the distance between the bone crest at the neighbouring tooth and the contact point of the clinical crown (distance 4) for immediate and delayed zirconia implants. This prospective observational study included 78 patients with 82 implants investigated at the 1-year follow-up. Patients received single-unit zirconia implants (Straumann PURE Ceramic Implant with ZLA surface) that were placed using either the delayed (group A) or immediate (group B) protocol after tooth extraction...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242303/comparison-of-non-invasive-radiographic-measurements-of-soft-tissue-in-the-interdental-space-a-cadaver-study
#9
Kristian Kniha, Stephan Christian Möhlhenrich, Florian Peters, Tsanko Yovev, Manuel Räsch, Andreas Prescher, Frank Hölzle, Ali Modabber
When we use implants the aesthetic appearance of the patient is dependent to a large extent on identification of factors that influence the presence of interdental papillae. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of different non-invasive measurements to indicate the top of the interdental papilla on dental radiographs. The sample comprised six fresh, partly edentulous cadavers. The distance from the level of the interproximal bone next to the tip of the papilla was measured (n=330) on standard radiographic images...
February 24, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222156/toothbrush-abrasivity-in-a-long-term-simulation-on-human-dentin-depends-on-brushing-mode-and-bristle-arrangement
#10
Mozhgan Bizhang, Ilka Schmidt, Yong-Hee Patricia Chun, Wolfgang H Arnold, Stefan Zimmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of dentin to brushing abrasion using four different toothbrushes (rotating-oscillating, sonic and two types of manual toothbrushes) with the same brushing forces. METHODS: Dentin samples (n = 72) were selected from 72 impacted third molars. Half of the surface of dentin samples was covered with an adhesive tape, creating a protected and a freely exposed area in the same specimen. Brushing was performed with either a: sonic (Sonicare PowerUp, Philips GmbH, Hamburg, Germany), b: oscillating-rotating (Oral B Vitality Precisions Clean, Procter & Gamble, Schwalbach am Taunus, Germany) or two different manual toothbrushes c: flat trim brush head toothbrush (Dr...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207931/post-extraction-mesio-distal-gap-reduction-assessment-by-clsm-a-clinical-3-month-follow-up-study
#11
Ariadna García-Herraiz, Francisco Javier Silvestre, Rafael Leiva-García, Fortunato Crespo-Abril, José García-Antón
AIM: The aim of this three-month follow up study is to quantify the reduction in the mesio-distal gap dimension (MDGD) that occurs after tooth extraction through image analysis of three-dimensional images obtained with the CLSM technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following tooth extraction, impressions of 79 patients one-month and 72 patients three-month after tooth extraction were obtained. Cast models were processed by CLSM and MDGD changes between time points were measured...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196163/entire-papilla-preservation-technique-a-novel-surgical-approach-for-regenerative-treatment-of-deep-and-wide-intrabony-defects
#12
Serhat Aslan, Nurcan Buduneli, Pierpaolo Cortellini
Primary wound closure and uneventful early wound stability over the biomaterials are the most critical elements of successful periodontal regeneration. Yet the surgical elevation of the interdental papilla to access deep and wide intrabony defects entails an impairment of the papillary blood supply that can result in difficult healing due to a lack of primary closure in the early healing period. This negative event might complicate the healing process, favoring bacterial contamination. A novel modified tunnel surgical technique designed to maintain the integrity of the interdental papilla is presented in this article, with the aim of providing an optimal environment for wound healing in regenerative procedures...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125803/speech-characteristics-in-female-students-training-to-be-speech-language-pathologists
#13
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sophia De Ley, Marjan Cosyns, Els Desomer, Jasmien De Mesel, George Van Maele, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the speech characteristics regarding speech intelligibility, voice, articulation, and fluency in future speech-language pathologists (SLPs). Additionally, in 31 SLP students the differences in speech characteristics between the first bachelor and the master year were measured. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The data of the screening assessments of 600 future SLPs (mean age: 18.4 years) of the first bachelor year were analyzed (period 1995-2010)...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093319/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-the-salvia-sclarea-l-ethanolic-extract-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-periodontitis-in-rats
#14
Milica Kostić, Dušanka Kitić, Milica B Petrović, Tatjana Jevtović-Stojmenov, Marko Jović, Aleksandar Petrović, Slavoljub Živanović
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia sclarea L., clary, is an aromatic plant traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and conditions. Although it has been primarily used as a stomachic, there are data on traditional use of S. sclarea as an agent against gingivitis, stomatitis and aphthae. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of the S. sclarea ethanolic extract on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced periodontitis in rats from the immunological and histopathological standpoint...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995118/use-of-mandibular-chin-bone-for-alveolar-bone-grafting-in-cleft-patients
#15
Young-Wook Park, Jang-Ha Lee
BACKGROUND: We evaluated and compared the outcomes of different ossification processes in patients with alveolar cleft in whom correction was performed using endochondral bone graft or intramembranous bone graft. METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups: the endochondral bone (iliac bone or rib bone) graft group and the intramembranous bone (mandibular bone) graft group. Medical records and radiologic images of patients who underwent alveolar bone grafting due to alveolar cleft were analyzed retrospectively...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994424/correlation-of-gingival-thickness-with-gingival-width-probing-depth-and-papillary-fill-in-maxillary-anterior-teeth-in-students-of-a-dental-college-in-navi-mumbai
#16
Jyotsna Singh, Varsha J Rathod, Prajakta R Rao, Aardra A Patil, Deepak G Langade, Roshan K Singh
CONTEXT: The gingival biotype is of utmost importance for esthetics and biologic function. Anatomical characteristic of periodontium such as gingival thickness (GT), width of keratinized gingiva, and alveolar bone morphology will determine the behavior of periodontium when subjected to physical, chemical, or bacterial insult or during therapeutic procedure. AIMS: The aim of this study was to correlate the GT with gingival width (GW), probing depth (PD), and papillary fill (PF) in relation to maxillary anterior region...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994419/influence-of-sex-hormone-levels-on-gingival-enlargement-in-adolescent-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-therapy-a-pilot-study
#17
Rajesh Hosadurga, M S Nabeel Althaf, Shashikanth Hegde, Kashyap S Rajesh, M S Arun Kumar
BACKGROUND: Sex hormones may be a modifying factor in the periodontal disease pathogenesis. AIM: The association between gingival enlargement and sex hormone levels in adolescent patients undergoing fixed orthodontic therapy needs to be determined. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the Department of Periodontology in association with the Department of Orthodontics, Yenepoya Dental College, Yenepoya University, Mangaluru. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on 21 adolescent patients between the age group of 13-19 years, who had undergone fixed orthodontic therapy for at least 3 months...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977813/papilla-reformation-at-single-tooth-implant-sites-adjacent-to-teeth-with-severely-compromised-periodontal-support
#18
Istvan A Urban, Perry R Klokkevold, Henry H Takei
Reformation of the lost interdental papilla remains one of the most challenging goals for clinicians. When a single tooth is replaced with an implant, the papilla between the tooth and the implant can often be maintained or predictably reformed as long as the adjacent tooth's periodontal attachment and bone are preserved. However, if the periodontal support is compromised on the neighboring natural tooth, the papilla will often be deficient or missing. The cases presented herein demonstrate long-term follow-up of successful reformation of periodontal/peri-implant tissue contours, including reconstruction of lost interproximal bone and papilla at periodontally compromised sites using a combined hard and soft tissue surgical approach...
January 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903250/effectiveness-of-bovine-derived-xenograft-versus-bioactive-glass-with-periodontally-accelerated-osteogenic-orthodontics-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Maha A Bahammam
BACKGROUND: Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) combines periodontal therapy with orthodontic therapy, which minimises treatment time. This study compared the effectiveness of a bovine-derived xenograft with that of bioactive glass when combined with PAOO for the treatment of adult patients with moderate crowding of the teeth. METHODS: In this prospective, single-masked clinical trial, 33 orthodontic patients (20 women, 13 men; mean age 21.2 ± 1...
November 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891319/hyaluronic-acid-hope-of-light-to-black-triangles
#20
Jyotsana Tanwar, Shital A Hungund
Interdental papilla construction, especially in the esthetic area, is one of the most challenging tasks. Interdental papilla loss might occur due to several reasons as a consequence of periodontal surgery or trauma. The purpose of this study is to report the reconstruction of lost interdental papilla using hyaluronic acid gel. Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan molecule with anti-inflammatory, anti-edematous properties on periodontal tissues invaded by submicrobial flora. It enhances wound healing and accelerates periodontal repair and regeneration...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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