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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#1
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
May 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467260/novel-microscalpels-for-removing-proximal-composite-resin-overhangs-on-class-ii-restorations
#2
D Wolff, S Schick, H J Staehle, C Frese
INTRODUCTION: Limited access to interdental spaces complicates removal of excess material when placing class II composite resin restorations. Evidence-based recommendations on interproximal finishing are rare. We present novel microscalpels for this indication. The aim of the study was to test their fracture strength and cutting ability and to compare microscalpels with the use of a scaler, oscillating devices (G5-ProShape, G5-Proxocare), finishing strips and scalpels of sizes 12, 15, and 21 in a standardized in vitro model...
May 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464294/skeletal-indicators-of-shark-feeding-on-human-remains-evidence-from-florida-forensic-anthropology-cases
#3
Michala K Stock, Allysha P Winburn, George H Burgess
This research examines a series of six Florida forensic anthropology cases that exhibit taphonomic evidence of marine deposition and shark-feeding activities. In each case, we analyzed patterns of trauma/damage on the skeletal remains (e.g., sharp-force bone gouges and punctures) and possible mechanisms by which they were inflicted during shark predation/scavenging. In some cases, shark teeth were embedded in the remains; in the absence of this evidence, we measured interdental distance from defects in the bone to estimate shark body length, as well as to draw inferences about the potential species responsible...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462193/surgical-management-of-idiopathic-bone-cavity-case-series-of-consecutive-27-patients
#4
Myoung-Sang You, Dong-Young Kim, Kang-Min Ahn
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic bone cavity (IBC) is an uncommon intra-osseous cavity of unknown etiology. Clinical features of IBC are not well known and treatment modalities of IBC are controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of 27 IBC patients who underwent surgical exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 consecutive patients who underwent surgery due to a jaw bone cavity from April 2006 to February 2016 were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449671/effects-of-an-educational-intervention-on-oral-hygiene-and-self-care-among-people-with-mental-illness-in-japan-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Hatsumi Yoshii, Nobutaka Kitamura, Kouhei Akazawa, Hidemitsu Saito
BACKGROUND: The oral hygiene of patients with a mental illness is an important concern in psychiatric care, and it is necessary to increase the level of self-care among these patients. In this study, we administered an oral care questionnaire to people with mental illness in Japan and compared their answers before (baseline) and at 1 week and 1, 3 and 6 months after they participated in an educational program. METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed to 390 patients...
April 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436148/relationship-between-self-assessment-and-clinical-evaluation-of-dental-plaque-and-gingival-condition-in-japanese-adolescents
#6
Y Shizuma, T Zaitsu, M Ueno, M Ohnuki, Y Kawaguchi
OBJECTIVES: To apply a self-administered assessment form about dental plaque level and gingival condition to Japanese adolescents and to examine the extent to which they can evaluate their own dental plaque and gingivae by comparing with dentists' clinical evaluation. METHODS: Participants were 151 senior high school students (adolescents) who observed their own mouths and recorded dental plaque seen on their 12 anterior teeth, and gingival inflammation condition of 10 anterior interdental papillae, on a self-assessment form...
April 23, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434556/cad-cam-techniques-help-in-the-rebuilding-of-ideal-marginal-gingiva-contours-of-anterior-maxillary-teeth-a-case-report
#7
Jiayue Yin, Dan Liu, Yuehua Huang, Lin Wu, Xiaolin Tang
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: "Pink esthetics," which are considered to be as important as "white esthetics," have attracted increasing attention. To date, clinicians rarely have applied computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques in the rebuilding of the contour of the marginal gingiva in the esthetic zone. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this case report, the authors describe a female patient who had gingival inflammation and an asymmetrical contour of the marginal gingiva of the anterior maxillary teeth because previously placed ceramic crowns violated the biological width...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422463/gingival-health-and-plaque-regrowth-response-following-a-four-week-interdental-hygiene-intervention
#8
Anthony Mwatha, Misty Olson, Sonia Souza, Marilyn Ward, Wendy Jenkins, Pejmon Amini, John Gallob, Theresa Fafard
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of three adjunct interproximal cleaning methods versus a manual toothbrush alone on gingivitis, and demonstrate that the Philips Sonicare AirflossPro™ interproximal (IP) cleaning device provides a similar reduction in gingivitis and plaque compared to string floss. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, parallel-design study was conducted on generally healthy adults exhibiting mild to moderate gingivitis. Eligible subjects were non-smokers, aged 18-65 years, with ≥ 0...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407306/the-influence-of-the-emergence-profile-on-the-amount-of-undetected-cement-excess-after-delivery-of-cement-retained-implant-reconstructions
#9
M Sancho-Puchades, D Crameri, M Özcan, I Sailer, R E Jung, C H F Hämmerle, D S Thoma
OBJECTIVE: To test whether or not one of two emergence profile designs (concave or convex) is superior to the other in terms of remaining cement following cementation of reconstructions on individualized abutments and careful cement removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A central incisor with a single implant-supported reconstruction was selected as a model. Six types of abutments (n = 10) with two different emergence profile designs (concave (CC) and convex (CV)) and three crown-abutment margin depths (epimucosal, 1...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390208/comparison-of-water-flosser-and-interdental-brush-on-reduction-of-gingival-bleeding-and-plaque-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#10
C Ram Goyal, Deborah M Lyle, Jimmy G Qaqish, Reinhard Schuller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this randomized, two-week, single blind, two-group parallel pilot study was to compare the reduction in gingival bleeding and plaque in subjects using a water flosser or interdental brush, each combined with a manual toothbrush. METHODS: Twenty-eight subjects completed the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Waterpik® Water Flosser (WF) plus manual toothbrush or interdental brushes (IDBs) plus a manual toothbrush...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387276/an-effective-alternative-to-wire-interdental-brushes
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386488/esthetic-reconstruction-of-diastema-with-adhesive-tooth-colored-restorations-and-hyaluronic-acid-fillers
#12
Supawadee Naorungroj
Objective. This report presents a comprehensive esthetic treatment with adhesive tooth-colored restorations in a combination with hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers of diastema in an orthodontic patient with relapse. Case Report. A 36-year-old female patient consulted about 1.5-2 mm midline diastema after an orthodontic relapse of replacing missing central incisors with lateral incisors and dark-colored gingival tissue as a result of a metal post and core with porcelain fused to a metal (PFM) crown at the left lateral incisor...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369398/oral-streptococcal-endocarditis-oral-hygiene-habits-and-recent-dental-procedures-a-case-control-study
#13
Xavier Duval, Sarah Millot, Catherine Chirouze, Christine Selton-Suty, Vanessa Moby, Pierre Tattevin, Christophe Strady, Edouard Euvrard, Nelly Agrinier, Daniel Thomas, Bruno Hoen, François Alla
Aims: To compare oral hygiene habits, oro-dental status, and dental procedures in patients with infective endocarditis (IE) according to whether the IE-causing microorganism originated in the oral cavity. Methods: We conducted an assessor-blinded case-control study in 6 French tertiary-care hospitals. Oral hygiene habits were recorded using a self-administered questionnaire. Oro-dental status was analysed by trained dental practitioners blinded to the microorganism, using standardized clinical examination and dental panoramic tomography...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364573/quantitative-parameters-of-interdental-gingiva-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-with-ifn-%C3%AE-gene-polymorphism
#14
Nadia Sheibak, Zahra Heidari, Hamidreza Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb
Chronic periodontitis (CP), an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within the periodontal tissue, is the main cause of adult tooth loss. CP is a multi-factorial disorder and the interaction between multiple genetic and environmental factors results in the manifestation of this disease. Recent researches in periodontitis has focused on cytokine gene polymorphisms that play important role in periodontal inflammation, but few studies investigated histological change that occur during CP in the supporting tissue of teeth...
2017: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362061/chlorhexidine-mouthrinse-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-gingival-health
#15
REVIEW
Patrice James, Helen V Worthington, Carmel Parnell, Mairead Harding, Thomas Lamont, Andrea Cheung, Helen Whelton, Philip Riley
BACKGROUND: Dental plaque associated gingivitis is a reversible inflammatory condition caused by accumulation and persistence of microbial biofilms (dental plaque) on the teeth. It is characterised by redness and swelling of the gingivae (gums) and a tendency for the gingivae to bleed easily. In susceptible individuals, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis and loss of the soft tissue and bony support for the tooth. It is thought that chlorhexidine mouthrinse may reduce the build-up of plaque thereby reducing gingivitis...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357471/mechanical-load-exerted-by-pet-g-aligners-during-mesial-and-distal-derotation-of-a-mandibular-canine-an-in-vitro-study
#16
F Elkholy, B Mikhaiel, F Schmidt, B G Lapatki
INTRODUCTION: The six force-moment (F/M) components exerted by aligners of different thickness during simulated mesiorotation and distorotation of a mandibular canine were studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An acrylic mandibular model with a separated right canine mounted on a hexapod via a 3D F/M sensor was used. Duran+(®) aligners (Scheu Dental, Germany) of thickness 0.5, 0.625, and 0.75 mm were fabricated on plaster models with the measurement tooth in its neutral position...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355311/enhancing-root-eminence-and-papilla-contour-using-single-contoured-subepithelial-connective-tissue-autografts-for-recession-coverage
#17
Donald E Lareau, James E Hinrichs, Georgios A Kotsakis
Current techniques using autogenous soft tissue in periodontal plastic surgery have limitations in the number of teeth that can be treated and may result in suboptimal esthetic results. The innovative use of single, contoured grafts reported in this article overcomes the drawbacks associated with these techniques by more efficient use of available donor tissue. Autogenous tissue is used to graft each individual tooth, leaving the interdental areas uncovered. Multiple teeth-in some cases an entire arch-can be treated in one session, providing consistent and predictable reestablishment of the normal scalloped gingival architecture and convex root eminence...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326979/a-retrospective-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-four-different-treatments-of-periodontal-disease-in-equine-cheek-teeth
#18
Kirsten Jackson, Lukas M Weber, Marc Tennant
Periodontal disease of equine cheek teeth is common and may lead to tooth loss if left untreated. Limited information is available comparing the effectiveness of treatment methods. The objective of this study was to retrospectively compare the effectiveness of 4 commonly used treatments in reducing periodontal pocket depth (in addition to routine dental treatment and occlusal equilibration). The 4 treatments compared were (1) removal of feed material, lavaging the pocket with dilute chlorhexidine, and then rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine-containing mouthwash (CL); (2) CL plus placement of metronidazole into the pocket (M); (3) M plus the addition of polyvinyl siloxane temporary filling over the diastema (PVS); and (4) diastema widening to increase the interdental space, then PVS (DW)...
June 2016: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298832/reconstruction-of-interdental-papilla-using-autogenous-bone-and-connective-tissue-grafts
#19
Santhanakrishnan Muthukumar, Pooja Ajit, Shiyamali Sundararajan, Suresh Ranga Rao
Previous studies have reported the management of Class I and II papillary defects, but knowledge on Class III defects, estimated to have a poor periodontal prognosis, remains minimal. In this case report, a Class III papillary defect reconstruction was attempted mainly since the patient reported with difficulty in phonetics. In Stage I, autogenous bone graft from the maxillary tuberosity and subepithelial connective tissue graft was augmented to decrease the distance between the interdental bone crest and contact point, simultaneously achieving a switch in the periodontal biotype...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298831/whale-s-tail-technique-a-case-series
#20
Deshpande Milind Mrunal, Jarde Samiksha Jaypal, Rohan Srinivasan Wilson, Anirban Chatterjee
The Whale's tail technique performed to obtain maximum interdental papilla fill in the anterior region after placement of bone grafts. This study aims to assess the clinical efficacy of this new technique. This report describes a series of three cases with a probing depth of 6-7 mm in the maxillary anterior teeth and their treatment with Whale's tail technique to obtain regeneration and maximum papilla preservation. The cases in this report showed a pocket depth reduction of 3-4mm and a clinical attachment gain of 3-4mm...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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