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Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Iatrogenic perforations negatively impact the outcome of endodontic treatments. Studies on prognostic factors showed that perforations in the coronal third of the root with periodontal pocket formation have an unfavorable prognosis. A 36-year-old female was referred for endodontic evaluation of tooth #13 with a history of an iatrogenic perforation, happened 3 years ago. There was a sinus tract associated with perforation, 10 mm probing on the mesial and mesio-palatal, bleeding on probing, radiolucent lesion adjacent to the perforation and complete resorption of the interdental bone between teeth #13 and #12...
May 2018: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Anna Greta Barbe, Hannah Elisa Kottmann, Stefanie Hamacher, Sonja Henny Maria Derman, Michael Johannes Noack
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of general and oral health status of nursing home residents in Germany on efficacy and acceptance of professional dental cleaning performed by a dental nurse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (N = 41; mean age 83 ± 8 years) living in a nursing home were included. Personal and general health, oral health, oral hygiene habits, and needs were investigated. Individual acceptance regarding professional dental cleaning via different devices (scaler, interdental brushes, ultrasonic cleaning) was assessed, as was the efficacy of this method using after-cleaning indices...
May 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Fatemeh Mazhari, Marzie Boskabady, Amir Moeintaghavi, Atieh Habibi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mechanical plaque control methods such as brushing and flossing are highly recommended to remove dental plaque. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the sequence of brushing and flossing on reducing interdental plaque and increasing fluoride retention in that area. METHODS: This randomized controlled crossover trial was conducted on 25 dental students. After prophylaxis, they were asked to discontinue all forms of oral hygiene for 48 hours...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Masoumeh Khoshhal, Fariborz Vafaei, Mahsa Najafi, Masoumeh Nikkhah
Background. In successful replacement of a tooth with a dental implant, soft tissue esthetic is as important as stability and function of the implant. Quality and quantity of the peri-implant mucosa can influence esthetic outcomes. This study assessed implant esthetic success of two different implant systems. In this regard the interdental papilla was evaluated and the relation-ship between implant type and crestal bone loss adjacent to implant was assessed. Methods. Eighteen patients (11 males, 7 females) with a total of 18 implants participated in this historical cohort study...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Mariel Viviana Gómez, Andrés Toledo, Paola Carvajal, Sabrina Carvalho Gomes, Ricardo Santos Araújo Costa, Fernando Solanes, Rui Vicente Oppermann, Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Jorge Gamonal, Hugo Romanelli
The aims of this study were to describe the self-reported oral hygiene habits, dental visit frequency, and gingival bleeding perception in adult populations from three South American cities, and also to assess the association of these variables with sociodemographic data and with the clinical presence of plaque and gingival inflammation. Five-hundred and fifty adult subjects from each city (Porto Alegre, Brazil; Tucumán, Argentina; Santiago, Chile) received full mouth examinations to determine visible plaque and gingival index...
2018: Brazilian Oral Research
Riikka Salmi, Mimmi Tolvanen, Riitta Suhonen, Satu Lahti, Timo Närhi
BACKGROUND: Increasing number of older adults lives in their own homes, but needs help in many daily routines. Domiciliary care nursing staff (DCNS) is often needed to support oral home care. However, information of nursing staff's knowledge, skills and activity in this task is sparse. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess DCNS knowledge, perceived skills and activities to support oral home care of older domiciliary care clients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among DCNS in one of the largest cities in Finland...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Fatima Zanin, Maria Stella Moreira, Ana Clara Fagundes Pedroni, Mateus Windlin, Ana Paula Brugnera, Aldo Brugnera Júnior, Marcia Martins Marques
BACKGROUND: Interdental papilla is of major importance to patients' orofacial aesthetics, especially regarding anterior teeth as part of the smile's harmony. Loss of gingival tissue, which constitutes interdental papilla, forms what in odontology is called black spaces. This loss, besides affecting the smile's aesthetics, also provokes phonetic and functional damage. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the authors is to present the result of three clinical cases treated with an innovative technique called hemolasertherapy, which stimulates growth of gingival papilla and thus permanently fills in the black spaces...
April 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Sigurd Hadler-Olsen, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Heidi Kerosuo, Anders Sjögren, Paula Pesonen, Johanna Julku, Raija Lähdesmaki
Objective: To test whether early headgear (HG) treatment and space conditions in the dental arch affect the eruption pathway of the maxillary canines in young children with mixed dentition. Subjects and methods: Data from two randomized controlled trials studying the effects of early HG treatment were pooled, yielding a study sample comprising 99 children (38 girls and 61 boys, mean age 7.6 years) with Angle Class II occlusion. Fifty-one children were treated with HG and 48 children served as an untreated control group (CG)...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Kana Suwama, Akihiro Yoshihara, Reiko Watanabe, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Hideo Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations among alcohol consumption level, dietary intake and other lifestyle factors, and periodontal condition, in community-dwelling elderly Japanese of a specific age. BACKGROUND: The relationship between alcohol consumption level and periodontitis is a controversial issue. METHODS: Participants were 438 dentate elders aged 73 years from a larger cohort survey of elders in Niigata City, Japan. Data collected from oral examination of each participant, including number of the existing teeth, mean probing pocket depth and mean clinical attachment level (CAL) were used for the analyses...
March 25, 2018: Gerodontology
Sivasankari Thilagar, Muthukumar Santhanakrishnan, Suresh Rao
Background: Protease-activated receptors (PAR-1 and PAR-2) are found to be immensely exhibited in the periodontal tissues. These receptors are involved in the inflammatory and repair processes. Activation of PARs is mainly by the bacterial and endogenous enzymes. The aim of the study was to determine the role of PAR-1 and PAR-2 in initiating periodontal inflammation and to immunolocalize these receptors in the gingival tissues of healthy and chronic periodontitis individuals. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients were selected for this study, of which 25 were healthy controls and 25 were chronic periodontitis patients...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
My Huy Thuc Le, Seng Fong Lau, Norliza Ibrahim, Abu Kasim Noor Hayaty, Zamri Bin Radzi
Objective: This study aimed to explore the usefulness of adjunctive buccal and palatal corticotomy for adult maxillary expansion in an animal model using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: Twelve adult sheep were randomly divided into two groups (each n = 6): a control group, where no treatment was administered, and a treatment group, where buccal and palatal corticotomy-assisted maxillary expansion was performed. CBCT scans were taken before (T1) and after (T2) treatment...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Daniel B Rodrigues, Paulo S F Campos, Larry M Wolford, Jaqueline Ignácio, João R Gonçalves
PURPOSE: Maxillary segmentation involving interdental osteotomies can have an adverse effect on the interdental crestal bone and adjacent teeth. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of interdental osteotomies on surrounding osseous and dental structures, including adjacent teeth, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), in patients who underwent segmental maxillary osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study evaluated interdental osteotomy (IDO) sites between the lateral incisors and canines in patients treated with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eva Cepova, Martina Cicvakova, Peter Kolarcik, Neda Markovska, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
BACKGROUND: Modification of health literacy (HL) is an important factor for improving and maintaining oral health. The aim of the study is to examine the association of HL with oral health-promoting behaviour (OHPB) and assess possible mediating effects of HL on the impact of socioeconomic status on OHPB. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey on the Slovak general adult population (N = 360, mean age 39) was conducted in 2014 and 2015. The association of HL (9 domains of the Health Literacy Questionnaire) and OHPB was analysed using logistic regression models adjusted for gender, age and educational level...
March 14, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Cristina Magnani, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: Coronally advanced flap (CAF) has been considered as one of the most predictable and versatile root coverage procedures. Thus, the aims of this study are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the long-term outcomes following CAF in the treatment of gingival recession (GR); and 2) to explore the influence of several tooth/patient-related factors on the stability of gingival margin at 5, 10, and 20 years after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with 97 GR (73 Miller`s Class I and 24 Miller's Class III) were treated with CAF in a private practice between 1984 and 1996...
March 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Georgios A Kotsakis, Qinshu Lian, Andreas L Ioannou, Bryan S Michalowicz, Mike John, Haitao Chu
BACKGROUND: A wide selection of Interdental Oral Hygiene (IOH) aids is available to consumers. Recommendations for selection are, however, limited by the lack of direct comparisons in available studies. We aimed to assess the comparative efficacy of IOH aids using Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis (BNMA). METHODS: Two independent reviewers performed a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials assessing IOH aids, based on a focused question. Gingival inflammation (Gingival Index (GI), Bleeding-on-probing (BOP)) was the primary outcome and plaque and probing depth were secondary outcomes A random-effects arm-based BNMA model was run for each outcome; posterior medians and 95% credible-intervals (CIs) summarized marginal distributions of parameters...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Takeshi Tsuka, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Naoki Yamamoto, Keiji Hayashi, Takehito Morita, Yuji Sunden, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 2-month-old female Holstein calf and a 5-month-old female Japanese black calf presented with a gingival vascular hamartoma located in the interdental space between the second and third mandibular incisors in the right and left mandibles, respectively. Osteolytic changes appeared within the mandibular bones adjacent to the masses on radiographic or computed tomographic images. The masses were removed along with affected mandibular bone by unilateral rostral mandibulectomy. Two cases exhibited a normal appetite and grew normally, with no cosmetic changes and recurrences...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Science
Alessandro Quaranta, Olivia Marchisio, Orlando D'Isidoro, Anna-Maria Genovesi, Ugo Covani
BACKGROUND: It is well known that poor oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment may lead to development of gingivitis, probing pocket depth, hyperplastic tissue, decalcification, dental caries and white spot lesions on the coronal surfaces of teeth. METHODS: 22 patients with the following inclusion criteria were enrolled in the present study: fixed orthodontic treatment , 12-18 years, systemically healthy , no history of periodontal treatment, periodontal health or gingivitis...
February 13, 2018: Minerva Stomatologica
Douglas H Mahn
Proper surgical techniques can permit treatment of multiple gingival recession defects without altering the visible gingival pigmentation. In this case report, a patient presented with multiple adjacent sites displaying gingival recession. Natural pigmentation was present in the interdental papillae and in the zone of keratinized gingiva. This patient wanted his natural pigmentation to be preserved. A modified tunnel technique was used to avoid traumatizing the pigmented tissues and allow placement of a large graft...
March 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
J T Marchesan, T Morelli, K Moss, J S Preisser, A F Zandona, S Offenbacher, J Beck
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associations between interdental cleaning behavior and the prevalence of caries and periodontal disease and numbers of missing teeth, with data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014). Analysis included the following parameters: interproximal clinical attachment level (iCAL) ≥3 mm, interproximal probing depth (iPD) ≥4 mm, number of coronal and interproximal caries, number of missing teeth, ≥1 surfaces with coronal caries, and periodontal profile classes (PPCs)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Paula Girbés-Ballester, Jose Viña-Almunia, Jose C Balaguer-Martí, Miguel Peñarrocha-Diago, David Peñarrocha-Oltra
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of incision design in implant surgery on interproximal bone loss of posterior teeth adjacent to interdental single implants, comparing intrasulcular and paramarginal incision. A further aim was to assess the influence of the incision technique on peri-implant bone remodeling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A controlled randomized clinical trial was carried out in a University Clinic. All the patients received an interdental posterior single implant...
April 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
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