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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591505/-the-enarm-and-the-schools-and-faculties-of-medicine-an-analysis-that-nobody-will-like
#1
Manuel Ramiro-H, J Enrique Cruz-A, Lydia Zerón-Gutiérrez, Angel Arévalo-Vargas
In Mexico, the career of Doctor of Medicine has been considered as a prerequisite stage to access the specialization. Of course the majority of medical graduates aspire to undertake postgraduate courses in the different institutions that have a university program. The Examen Nacional de Aspirantes a Residencias Médicas (ENARM) (National Evaluation for Medical Residency Applicants) has become for the supporters a gap between the possibility of practicing the profession in a decent way and with a regular remuneration or exercising it in very limited conditions and with low economic income or even without exercising it...
July 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538811/patient-survival-and-risk-of-death-after-prostate-cancer-treatment-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system
#2
Sonia Faria Mendes Braga, Mirian Carvalho de Souza, Raphael Romie de Oliveira, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the probability of specific survival and factors associated with the risk of death of patients with prostate cancer who received outpatient cancer treatment in the Brazilian Unified Health System, Brazil. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using the National Database of Oncology, developed through the deterministic-probabilistic pairing of health information systems: outpatient (SIA), hospital (SIH) and mortality (SIM). The probability of overall and specific survival was estimated by the time elapsed between the date of the first ambulatory treatment, from 2002 to 2003, until the patient's death or the end of the study...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492761/hospitalization-in-older-adults-association-with-multimorbidity-primary-health-care-and-private-health-plan
#3
Bruno Pereira Nunes, Mariangela Uhlmann Soares, Louriele Soares Wachs, Pâmela Moraes Volz, Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Elaine Thumé, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of multimorbidity, primary health care model and possession of a private health plan with hospitalization. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study with 1,593 elderly individuals (60 years old or older) living in the urban area of the city of Bagé, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The outcome was hospitalization in the year preceding the interview. The multimorbidity was evaluated through two cut-off points (≥ 2 and ≥ 3)...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453779/first-record-of-lutzomyia-lutzomyia-longipalpis-diptera-psychodidae-phlebotominae-on-the-trinational-frontier-brazil-peru-bolivia-of-south-western-amazonia
#4
Diones Antonio Borges, Silvia Maria Guerra Molina, Mara Cristina Pinto, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati, Manuel Cesario, Dennys Ghenry Samillan Ortiz
Na América do Sul, a principal espécie de flebotomíneo envolvido na transmissão de Leishmania infantum chagasi , agente etiológico da Leishmaniose visceral (VL), é Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva, 1912). Esta espécie já foi registrada na Colômbia, Venezuela, Bolívia, Argentina, Paraguai, Uruguai e Brasil, onde foram registradas em 24 dos 27 estados brasileiros, com exceção do Acre, Amazonas e Santa Catarina. As coletas foram realizadas por um ano (abril de 2013 a março de 2014) utilizando-se armadilhas de luz tipo de CDC em diferentes ambientes no município de Assis Brasil, estado do Acre...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444089/patient-safety-knowledge-between-multiprofessional-residents
#5
João Lucas Campos de Oliveira, Simone Viana da Silva, Pamela Regina Dos Santos, Laura Misue Matsuda, Nelsi Salete Tonini, Anair Lazzari Nicola
Objective: To assess the knowledge of multiprofesional residents in health about the security of the patient theme. Methods: Cross-sectional study, quantitative, developed with graduate courses/residence specialties of health in a public university of Paraná, Brazil. Participants (n=78) answered a questionnaire containing nine objective questions related to patient safety. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, in proportion measures. The minimum 75% of correct answers was considered the cutoff for positive evaluation...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403367/discourses-of-healthcare-professionals-about-health-surveillance-actions-for-tuberculosis-control
#6
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Luciana de Oliveira Sousa, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Pedro Fredemir Palha
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the meanings produced in the Health Surveillance actions for tuberculosis control, carried out by healthcare professionals in Mozambique. METHOD: Qualitative study using the theoretical and methodological framework of the French Discourse Analysis. RESULTS: A total of 15 healthcare professionals with more than one year of experience in disease control actions participated in the study. Four discursive blocks have emerged from the analysis: tuberculosis diagnosis process; meeting, communication and discussion of treatment; local strategies for tuberculosis control; involvement of family and community leaders in the tuberculosis control...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076592/assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-residents-after-a-training-program
#7
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032874/evoluci%C3%A3-n-de-la-mortalidad-por-accidentes-de-transporte-en-navarra-durante-1999-2013-caracter%C3%A3-sticas-de-las-personas-y-veh%C3%A3-culos-involucrados
#8
P A De la Rosa Fernández-Pacheco, J Delfrade Osinaga, Y Floristán Floristán, R Teijeira Alvarez, C Moreno-Iribas
Fundamento. Se analizan las tendencias de la mortalidad por accidentes de transporte entre 1999 y 2013 y se evalúa el impacto de la introducción del permiso de conducción por puntos en Navarra.Material y métodos. Los datos para la realización de este estudio proceden de los ficheros de defunciones según la causa de muerte que anualmente publica el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). La codificación de la causa de defunción se realizó con la CIE-10, a partir de la información de los documentos estadísticos de defunción y los informes forenses...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989989/total-circulating-microparticle-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#9
J Munrós, M A Martínez-Zamora, D Tàssies, J L Coloma, M A Torrente, J C Reverter, F Carmona, J Balasch
STUDY QUESTION: Are the levels of total circulating cell-derived microparticles (cMPs) and circulating tissue factor-containing microparticles (cMP-TF) increased in patients with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The levels of total cMP, but not cMP-TF, were higher in patients with endometriosis, and these were attributed to higher levels in patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous studies have reported elevated levels of total cMP in inflammatory conditions as well as higher levels of other inflammatory biomarkers in endometriosis...
December 17, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982376/use-of-generic-medicines-by-the-brazilian-population-an-evaluation-of-pnaum-2014
#10
Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Tatiane da Silva Dal-Pizzol, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the existence of differences in the use of generic medicines in Brazil according to demographic and socioeconomic variables and acquisition sources of the medicines. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study, conducted with data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines). Data collection took place between September, 2013 and February, 2014 in homes of Brazilian cities (urban area)...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982375/sociodemographic-profile-of-medicines-users-in-brazil-results-from-the-2014-pnaum-survey
#11
Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of medicine use by the Brazilian population and its distribution according to sociodemographic factors. METHODS: Study using data from the Pesquisa Nacional de Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a nationwide household survey of a representative sample of the Brazilian urban population. The data were collected between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982374/free-access-to-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#12
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Karen Sarmento Costa, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the free access to medicines for the treatment of chronic diseases in the Brazilian population, according to demographic and socioeconomic factors. We also analyzed the most used pharmacological groups, according to funding source: free-of-charge or out-of-pocket paid. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based household survey, of cross-sectional design, based on probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571668/-not-available
#13
Ismael San Mauro Martin, Paula Mendive Dubourdieu, Víctor Paredes Barato, Elena Garicano Vilar
Introducción: la tradición de la comida picante desempeña un papel muy importante en el gusto por este tipo de comida y su tolerancia. Las preferencias alimentarias muestran influencia genética y ambiental.Objetivos: estudiar la tolerancia y el gusto por el picante de tres poblaciones, y la influencia hereditaria y del ambiente.Métodos:se realizó una encuesta a 522 sujetos, de tres continentes (Asia, Europa y Latinoamérica) en tres idiomas (español, inglés y chino) a través de Internet. Se realizaron preguntas acerca de la tolerancia al picante, el gusto por los alimentos picantes, su uso, la edad de comienzo de consumo, el gusto del padre y de la madre y si ella lo consumía durante el embarazo y/o lactancia...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571665/-not-available
#14
Inmaculada Navarro-González, Gaspar Ros, Brígida Martínez-García, Alejandra Rodríguez-Tadeo, M Jesús Periago
Introducción y objetivos: la evolución que ha experimentado en los últimos años la sociedad española ha originado una serie de cambios sociológicos y/o culturales que afectan claramente a los hábitos y preferencias alimentarias. El objetivo del presente trabajo ha sido evaluar la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea (DM) de la población universitaria en la ciudad de Murcia y la calidad de su desayuno, estableciendo la relación existente entre estas dos variables entre sí, y otras variables sociológicas analizadas...
July 19, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355465/socioeconomic-and-regional-differences-in-active-transportation-in-brazil
#15
Thiago Hérick de Sá, Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira, Ana Clara Duran, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To present national estimates regarding walking or cycling for commuting in Brazil and in 10 metropolitan regions. METHODS: By using data from the Health section of 2008's Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (Brazil's National Household Sample Survey), we estimated how often employed people walk or cycle to work, disaggregating our results by sex, age range, education level, household monthly income per capita, urban or rural address, metropolitan regions, and macro-regions in Brazil...
June 27, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238783/-in-process-citation
#16
Cristina Cuerda, Julia Álvarez, Primitivo Ramos, Juan Carlos Abánades, Abelardo García-de-Lorenzo, Pedro Gil, Juan José De-la-Cruz
Introducción: la desnutrición relacionada con la enfermedad (DRE) es un problema sociosanitario frecuente que afecta preferentemente a los mayores de 65 años, que aumenta la morbimortalidad y disminuye la calidad de vida.  Objetivo: estudiar la prevalencia de DRE en mayores de 65 años en diferentes centros sociosanitarios del Servicio Regional de Bienestar Social de la Comunidad de Madrid. Métodos: estudio transversal en 33 centros sociosanitarios de Madrid (6 centros de atención primaria [AP], 9 centros de mayores [CM], 9 hospitales [H] y 9 residencias [R]) seleccionados mediante muestreo polietápico...
March 25, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217736/is-older-adult-care-mediated-by-caregivers-cultural-stereotypes-the-role-of-competence-and-warmth-attribution
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros, Antonio Bustillos, Marta Santacreu, Rocio Schettini, Pura Díaz-Veiga, Carmen Huici
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine, from the stereotype content model (SCM) perspective, the role of the competence and warmth stereotypes of older adults held by professional caregivers. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design, ex post facto with observational analyses, was used in this study. The cultural view on competence and warmth was assessed in 100 caregivers working in a set of six residential geriatric care units (three of them organized following a person-centered care approach and the other three providing standard geriatric care)...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26465819/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-collaborative-work-by-teams-from-the-national-medical-residency-committee-and-the-brazilian-society-of-neurosurgery-retrospective-and-prospective-study
#18
Renato Antunes Dos Santos, Linda Snell, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório Nunes
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Training for specialist physicians in Brazil can take place in different ways. Closer liaison between institutions providing this training and assessment and health care services may improve qualifications. This article analyzes the impact of closer links and joint work by teams from the National Medical Residency Committee (Comissão Nacional de Residência Médica, CNRM) and the Brazilian Society of Neurosurgery (Sociedade Brasileira de Neurocirurgia, SBN) towards evaluating these programs...
April 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25724751/salud-mental-en-desastres-naturales-estrategias-interventivas-con-adultos-mayores-en-sectores-rurales-de-chile
#19
Paulina Osorio-Parraguez, Adriana Espinoza
En el presente artículo se da a conocer una estrategia de intervención llevada a cabo con adultos mayores en la comuna de Paredones, sexta región de Chile, con posterioridad al terremoto y tsunami del 27 de febrero 2010 en Chile, en el contexto de una investigación sobre fortalezas y vulnerabilidades desplegadas por este grupo etario, con posterioridad a un desastre natural. Se presenta una descripción del desarrollo metodológico de la intervención y de los sustentos teóricos y conceptuales en los que se basa...
June 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24249091/investigating-an-outbreak-of-non-specific-building-related-symptoms-in-workers-of-a-general-hospital
#20
Inés Gómez-Acebo, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Elena Pérez-Belmonte, Javier Llorca
OBJECTIVE: To obtain a case definition and to describe variables associated with a cluster of unspecific symptoms in healthcare workers (HCW) in a hospital building. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. All people working at the Residencia Cantabria building (a 200-bed building belonging to University Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla) in June 2009 were invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire, including questions on demographic data, working place and shift, working conditions and current symptoms...
August 2013: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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