keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CT colonoscopy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533998/ipilimumab-as-a-cause-of-severe-pan-colitis-and-colonic-perforation
#1
Raj Shah, Danielle Witt, Talal Asif, Fahad F Mir
Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that functions as a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor that is used to treat malignant melanoma. Due to ipilimumab's removal of immune regulation, specifically through the inactivation of CTLA-4, it is commonly associated with inflammatory and autoimmune events. Gastrointestinal (GI) related immune-related adverse events such as diarrhea occur in 29% of patients with 7.6% of patients specifically suffering from colitis. We describe a case of colonic perforation with ipilimumab use...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522955/colonic-dysmotility-and-morphological-abnormality-frequently-detected-in-japanese-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
Takeshi Mizukami, Shinya Sugimoto, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Hidekazu Suzuki, Takanori Kanai
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colonoscopy and computed tomography (CT) are used primarily to exclude organic diseases in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), rather than to assess the pathophysiology of IBS. We aimed to evaluate colonic dysmotility and morphology in Japanese patients with IBS. METHODS: One hundred eighty-four patients with IBS and 49 asymptomatic controls who underwent colonoscopy in combination with CT colonography or barium enema were retrospectively reviewed between 2008 and 2012...
April 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522790/the-influence-of-rifaximin-on-diverticulitis-rate-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diverticulosis
#3
Tomasz Banasiewicz, Wojciech Francuzik, Adam Bobkiewicz, Łukasz Krokowicz, Maciej Borejsza-Wysocki, Jacek Paszkowski, Adam Studniarek, Piotr Krokowicz, Marcin Grochowalski, Marek Szczepkowski, Zbigniew Lorenc
Diverticulosis, its associated symptoms and complications are one of the most common pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract in more economically developed countries. Presence of diverticuli and their clinical consequences can be divided into four categories: 1) diverticulosis, i.e. an asymptomatic presence of diverticuli that are usually found by accident 2) symptomatic uncomplicated diverticulosis 3) diverticulitis (acute uncomplicated diverticulitis) 4) complications of diverticulitis (conditions requiring hospital stay)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#4
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502928/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-depressed-type-early-adenocarcinoma-of-the-terminal-ileum
#5
Keitaro Takahashi, Takahiro Ito, Tomonobu Sato, Mitsuru Goto, Toru Kawamoto, Akihiro Fujinaga, Nobuyuki Yanagawa, Yoshinori Saito, Keisuke Sato, Mikihiro Fujiya
We herein report a rare case of ileal adenocarcinoma that was completely removed by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) without any complications. An 80-year-old man was referred to our hospital to undergo treatment for an ileal tumor. Conventional colonoscopy showed a reddish depressed lesion that was classified as type 0-IIc according to the Paris classification. The ileal tumor was successfully removed en bloc by ESD with a negative surgical margin. The histological findings showed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with no submucosal or lymphovascular invasion...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500579/robotic-repair-of-a-right-sided-bochdalek-hernia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Amani Jambhekar, Shawn Robinson, Brian Housman, James Nguyen, Kevin Gu, Vadim Nakhamiyayev
BACKGROUND: Bochdalek hernias (BHs) are usually diagnosed in the neonatal period, occurring in 1/2200-1/12,500 live births. There are few reported cases of BHs in adults. Robotic repair has not been described in current literature as opposed to the laparoscopic approach. Here we present a case of an adult with clinical signs of bowel obstruction secondary to a BH which was repaired using a robotic approach. CASE REPORT: A 74-year-old gentleman with past medical history of benign prostatic hyperplasia presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and decline in appetite...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486175/ileocaecal-and-transverse-colonic-tuberculosis-mimicking-colonic-malignancy-a-case-report
#7
Prashant Lakhe, Asma Khalife, Jayashri Pandya
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal tuberculosis is common in the developing world especially in the lower socioeconomic groups. In elderly, it may mimic malignancy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46-year-old female presented with a 6 month history of diffuse pain in abdomen with low grade fever and loss of weight and appetite. Clinically, differential of malignancy of the large bowel was considered. The computerized tomography(CT) scan of the abdomen revealed a diffuse concentric long segmental thickening of terminal ileum, ileo ceacal junction, ascending colon and narrowing of the transverse colonic end of the splenic flexure suggesting an infective etiology...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473360/emergency-splenectomy-postelective-colonoscopy
#8
Carolyn Cullinane, Jaroslaw Gudyma, Gerarde McArdle
Colonoscopy is the gold standard for investigation of colorectal carcinoma and inflammatory bowel disease. Splenic injury is a rare but potentially fatal complication of colonoscopy. The present case study outlines the early clinical presentation and rapid deterioration of a patient with a splenic injury after an elective colonoscopy. A 70-year-old female underwent a colonoscopy for investigation of altered bowel habit. The procedure was documented as difficult due to the presence of 'stiff loopy colon'. In recovery, patient's condition deteriorated and she was moved to the ward for further assessment...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469125/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-malt-lymphoma-of-the-colon-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#9
Hafsa Abbas, Masooma Niazi, Jasbir Makker
BACKGROUND Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a well-known hematologic malignancy. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the most commonly involved extra nodal site. MALT lymphomas are uncommon, accounting for 5% of all NHL. Gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is the prototype seen in association with Helicobacter pylori. Colonic MALT lymphoma is rare and comprises only 2.5% of the MALT lymphomas. Its etiology and treatment is not well established.  CASE REPORT A 56-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the clinic with symptoms of chronic epigastric pain for the past three years and a 13-pound weight loss over the past two months...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447326/ct-colonography-role-in-fobt-based-screening-programs-for-colorectal-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Lapo Sali, Grazia Grazzini, Mario Mascalchi
Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a minimally invasive imaging examination for the colon, and is safe, well tolerated and accurate for the detection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and advanced adenoma. While the role of CTC as a primary test for population screening of CRC is under investigation, the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) has been recommended for population screening of CRC in Europe. Subjects with positive FOBT are invited to undergo total colonoscopy, which has some critical issues, such as suboptimal compliance, contraindications and the possibility of an incomplete exploration of the colon...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442526/morphoproteomic-guided-treatment-of-chemotherapy-resistant-colon-cancer-using-natural-based-therapies-a-case-study
#11
John Thomas Rogers, Robert E Brown, Jamie Jay Buryanek, Priya Weerasinghe
Colorectal cancer was estimated to have the fourth newest incident rate and to have the second highest death rate in 2015 according to the American Cancer Society. There were an estimated 132,700 new diagnoses of colorectal cancer made and approximately 69,000 deaths in 2015 attributing to this form of cancer. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or 5-FU with oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) continues to be the standard treatment protocol for patients presenting with colorectal cancer. However, treatment with FOLFOX and conventional chemotherapy has shown to lead to cancer recurrence and a number of toxic side effects...
March 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434377/a-primary-extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-of-the-mesentery-a-case-report
#12
Nathalie E J van den Broek, Paul Willemsen, Caroline Mattelaer
Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a rare and invasive malignancy, typically located in the soft tissue without attachment to the skeleton. The present study reports a case of a primary mesenteric extraskeletal osteosarcoma of a 71-year-old woman. The patient complained of an incomplete defecation. Colonoscopy showed an ulcer with impression of external compression of the sigmoid. An additional abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a large, almost completely calcified, mass in the left lower abdomen causing hydronephrosis of the left kidney...
April 24, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428714/predictors-for-difficult-cecal-insertion-in-colonoscopy-the-impact-of-obesity-indices
#13
Soo Yun Moon, Byung Chang Kim, Dae Kyung Sohn, Kyung Su Han, Bun Kim, Chang Won Hong, Bum Joon Park, Kum Hei Ryu, Ji Hyung Nam
AIM: To identify the factors influencing cecal insertion time (CIT) and to evaluate the effect of obesity indices on CIT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for participants who received both colonoscopy and abdominal computed tomography (CT) from February 2008 to May 2008 as part of a comprehensive health screening program. Age, gender, obesity indices [body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volume on abdominal CT], history of prior abdominal surgery, constipation, experience of the colonoscopist, quality of bowel preparation, diverticulosis and time required to reach the cecum were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414996/a-case-of-multiple-synchronous-quadruple-cancers-of-the-stomach-sigmoid-colon-rectum-and-pancreas
#14
Atsushi Nanashima, Tetsuro Tominaga, Takashi Nonaka, Kouki Wakata, Masaki Kunizaki, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yorihisa Sumida, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi Nagayasu
INTRODUCTION: Multiple primary neoplasms are relatively rare, but their incidence has increased because of aging and improvements in diagnostic imaging. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old man presented with epigastric pain. On upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, an ulcer was seen at the gastric angle, and biopsy showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma (AC). Colonoscopy demonstrated a 15-mm lesion in the sigmoid colon and a submucosal lesion in the lower rectum...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395782/colon-ischemia-right-sided-colon-involvement-has-a-different-presentation-etiology-and-worse-outcome-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study-in-histology-proven-patients
#15
REVIEW
Lotte B Ten Heggeler, Lisette J H van Dam, Alderina Bijlsma, Marijn C Visschedijk, Robert H Geelkerken, Maarten A C Meijssen, Jeroen J Kolkman
BACKGROUND: Colon ischemia (CI), is generally considered a non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia disorder that usually runs a benign course, but right-sided involvement (RCI) has been associated with worse outcome. The poor outcome of RCI has been associated with comorbidity, but more recently also with occlusions of the mesenteric arteries. We performed a retrospective analysis of a large cohort of CI-patients to assess differences in presentation, etiology, and comorbidity between right-sided colon ischemia (RCI) and non-right-sided colon ischemia (NRCI), and their relation to outcome...
February 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392435/sex-specific-differences-in-colon-cancer-when-quality-measures-are-adhered-to-results-from-international-prospective-multicenter-clinical-trials
#16
Shrawan G Gaitonde, Aviram Nissan, Mladjan Protić, Alexander Stojadinovic, Zev A Wainberg, David C Chen, Anton J Bilchik
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the relationship between patient sex and the location, stage, and oncologic outcome of colon cancer (CC). We hypothesized that there is a sex-specific difference in the biology and management of CC. STUDY DESIGN: Our cohort was drawn from a database of patients enrolled in international trials of nodal ultrastaging for nonmetastatic CC. These trials required strict adherence to surgical and pathologic quality measures. Postoperative follow-up included colonoscopy at 1 and 4 years and annual CT scans...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390559/optimal-timing-for-faecal-tagging-in-same-day-ct-colonography-for-patients-with-failed-colonoscopy
#17
Sushant Saluja, Grazvydas Gaikstas, Milan Sapundzieski
AIM: Same day CT colonography (CTC) for incomplete colonoscopy should be considered to avoid the need for further bowel preparation. Oral administration of contrast is essential for optimal colonic analysis of the CTC. Our aim was to determine the optimal time for giving contrast to people who underwent same day CTC after failed colonoscopy. METHODS: Data was extracted from the Trust database to identify the number of CTC referrals following failed or incomplete colonoscopy within the last 5 years, and the reason for their referral...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381784/a-case-of-extrahepatic-growth-type-hepatocellular-carcinoma-presenting-with-bleeding-from-colonic-metastasis
#18
Kazunari Tanaka, Kunihiko Tsuji, Takeshi Matsui, Jong-Hon Kang, Yasuo Sakurai, Akihiro Takiyama, Toshiya Shinohara, Hiroyuki Maguchi
A 60-year-old woman visited our hospital due to hematochezia. Colonoscopy revealed a 50-mm-diameter submucosal tumor with ulceration of the left side of the transverse colon, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the presence of small hepatic nodules. Submucosal tumor of the colon with liver metastasis was therefore diagnosed. To prevent tumor bleeding, we performed partial transverse colectomy. The histopathological diagnosis was moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as a submucosal tumor with a high frequency of vascular invasion...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379020/-contribution-of-ct-colonography-to-clinical-practice
#19
Lukáš Lambert, Lucie Šimáková
CT colonography is a CT examination focused on the detection of colonic polyps and masses. Its most common indications include incomplete optical colonoscopy and generally personal preference in symptomatic or frail patients. CT colonography has a diagnostic yield similar to optical colonoscopy. It is less demanding for the patient, has shorter examination times, lower rates of adverse effects (including bowel perforation) and allows limited evaluation of extracolonic structures. In 10-15 % of asymptomatic patients, optical colonoscopy is needed if either a colonic polyp or mass is detected...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373217/diagnostic-comparison-of-ct-scans-and-colonoscopy-for-immune-related-colitis-in-ipilimumab-treated-advanced-melanoma-patients
#20
Marlene Garcia-Neuer, Melina E Marmarelis, Sushrut R Jangi, Jason J Luke, Nageatte Ibrahim, Meredith Davis, Janice Weinberg, Hilary Donahue, Nancy Bailey, F Stephen Hodi, Elizabeth L Buchbinder, Patrick A Ott
Colitis can be a life-threatening toxicity for patients treated with immune checkpoint blockade antibodies. With the anticipated widespread use of these reagents, the timely and accurate diagnosis of immune-related colitis becomes increasingly important. To better understand the clinical presentation of colitis from ipilimumab and to assess the use of CT scans of the abdomen/pelvis as a diagnostic tool, we retrospectively analyzed patients with advanced melanoma who received ipilimumab at our institution. Ninety nine (33%) of 303 patients developed diarrhea during therapy, and 46 patients (15%) received corticosteroids for colitis...
April 2017: Cancer Immunology Research
keyword
keyword
105779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"