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Tuberculosis steroid

Fan-Cheng Meng, Zheng-Feng Wu, Zhi-Qi Yin, Li-Gen Lin, Ruibing Wang, Qing-Wen Zhang
Background: Coptidis rhizoma (CR) is the dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch., C. deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao or C. teeta Wall. (Ranunculaceae) and is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of various diseases including bacillary dysentery, typhoid, tuberculosis, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, empyrosis, pertussis, and other illnesses. Methods: A literature survey was conducted via SciFinder, ScieneDirect, PubMed, Springer, and Wiley databases...
2018: Chinese Medicine
L D'Attilio, A Díaz, R D V Fernández, B Bongiovanni, N Santucci, G Dídoli, S Lioi, W Gardeñez, J L Naninni, A Del Rey, H Besedovsky, O Bottasso, M L Bay
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem worldwide. In TB, the immune and central nervous systems modulate each other. The two main components of this network are the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and autonomic nervous system (ANS). OBJECTIVE: To elucidate neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) interactions in pulmonary (PTB) or pleural (PLTB) TB, we analysed the relationship among compounds from these systems. METHODS: We quantified levels of catecholamines, hormones and cytokines in plasma from patients with PTB (n = 46) or PLTB (n = 12) and controls (n = 32), and in the pleural fluid from PLTB patients...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Andreea Nicolcescu, Carmen Mocanu, Loredana Dinu, Andrei Olaru, Mara Ionete, Dima Alin Stefanescu
Introduction. Eales disease is an idiopathic peripheral vascular occlusive disease characterized by inflammation, ischemia, and retinal neovascularization and is hallmarked by recurrent vitreous hemorrhages and vision loss. Case report. We present a case of a 48-year-old female with recurrent floaters and decreased vision in her right eye. The onset of symptoms was in 2007 when a diagnose of retinal vasculitis was made. She had no accompanying systemic signs and symptoms and no history of ocular trauma or previous tuberculosis infection...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Małgorzata Mikulska, Simone Lanini, Carlota Gudiol, Lubos Drgona, Giuseppe Ippolito, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Bernd Salzberger
BACKGROUND: The present review is part of the ESCMID Study Group for Infections in Compromised Hosts (ESGICH) Consensus Document on the safety of targeted and biological therapies. AIMS: To review, from an Infectious Diseases perspective, the safety profile of agents targeting CD19, CD20 and CD52 and to suggest preventive recommendations. SOURCES: Computer-based MEDLINE searches with MeSH terms pertaining to each agent or therapeutic family...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Viboon Boonsarngsuk, Khattiya Mangkang, Pitak Santinirand
BACKGROUND: Physicians are usually aware of the occurrence of drug-resistant (DR) pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), but lack concern about DR-extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). Data regarding the prevalence and risk factors of DR-EPTB remain limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of DR-EPTB. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in patients who had culture-proven Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from various specimens between January 2013 and December 2015...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Vandana Midha, Ramit Mahajan, Varun Mehta, Vikram Narang, Arshdeep Singh, Kirandeep Kaur, Ajit Sood
Background/Aims: Data on the efficacy and safety of the adalimumab biosimilar Exemptia are limited. Methods: Patients with moderate-to-severe active steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) treated at Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, India were offered cyclosporine A, biologicals or biosimilars, or surgery. A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients who were treated with the adalimumab biosimilar, Exemptia. These patients were administered an induction dosing schedule of 160 mg Exemptia at week 0, 80 mg at week 2, and then 40 mg every other week from week 4 to 8...
January 2018: Intestinal Research
Bhupen Barman, Iadarilang Tiewsoh, Kyrshanlang G Lynrah, Baphira Wankhar, Taso Beyong, Neel Kanth Issar
Miliary tuberculosis results from the lymphohematogenous spread of the tubercle bacilli to the vascular beds in the lungs and other organs. Diagnosis is made by clinical judgment and chest X-ray showing miliary mottling of the lung fields. Another imaging study like computed tomography imaging of the lungs and abdomen can also be supportive in diagnosing miliary tuberculosis. We present a case of miliary tuberculosis in an immunocompetent young male with atypical manifestation of a left-sided pleural effusion and a life-threatening complication of acute respiratory distress syndrome during hospital stay which required noninvasive mechanical ventilation and steroids therapy, along with antitubercular medication...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Shweta Kishore, Varun Mittal, Shradha Ahuja, Vikas Majithia
A 55-year-old woman presented with progressive enlarging and painful non-healing ulcers on her bilateral lower extremities; biopsy was consistent with pyoderma gangrenosum. Workup for an underlying illness revealed a cavitary lung nodule and an ulcerating mass in the anal canal. Patient did not have any respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms. Differential diagnosis included inflammatory bowel disease, rectal carcinoma or infection such as tuberculosis, fungal process. Histopathology did not reveal any malignancy, inflammatory bowel disease or infection...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Johannes Holert, Erick Cardenas, Lee H Bergstrand, Elena Zaikova, Aria S Hahn, Steven J Hallam, William W Mohn
Steroids are abundant growth substrates for bacteria in natural, engineered, and host-associated environments. This study analyzed the distribution of the aerobic 9,10-seco steroid degradation pathway in 346 publically available metagenomes from diverse environments. Our results show that steroid-degrading bacteria are globally distributed and prevalent in particular environments, such as wastewater treatment plants, soil, plant rhizospheres, and the marine environment, including marine sponges. Genomic signature-based sequence binning recovered 45 metagenome-assembled genomes containing a majority of 9,10-seco pathway genes...
January 30, 2018: MBio
Abhinav Dhami, Ranju Kharel Sitaula, Jyotirmay Biswas
We report a case of a 47-year-old male patient presenting with diminution of vision in the left eye. The left eye fundus showed yellowish lesions with indistinct geographical margin extending over the posterior pole just abutting the macula, suggestive of diffuse choroiditis. The patient gave a history of testicular swelling for the past 2 years. Aqueous tap for polymerase chain reaction analysis was positive for IS6110 mycobacterial tuberculosis (TB) genome, and a biopsy of testicular sac was suggestive of tubercular epididymitis...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Murat Hasanreisoglu, Gokcen Gulpinar Ikiz, Zeynep Aktas, Sengul Ozdek
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis-associated uveitis remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. After diagnosis of tuberculosis and initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy for tuberculosis uveitis, the clinical responses are favorable. However, at 4-6 weeks of the therapy, there commonly occurs paradoxical deterioration due to an increase in inflammation which is often accompanied by cystoid macular edema. Thus, adjuvant administration of anti-inflammatory regimen should be considered. For this purpose, systemic and periocular steroids, systemic and intravitreal immunosuppressive agents have been tested...
January 29, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Rupinder Kaur Brar, Ashok Singh, Archana Hemant Deshpande, Chitrawati Bal Gargade, Sujit Das
Primary conjunctival tuberculosis is very rare in the developed countries. In an endemic country like India, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any unusual conjunctival lesion with unilaterality, chronicity, and nonresolution of symptoms after steroid use. We present the case of a 52-year-old female who presented with unilateral itching and blurring of vision for 20 days. There were irregular nodular elevated areas with shrinkage of the lower palpebral conjunctiva. A biopsy of the lesion revealed necrotizing epithelioid cell granulomas along with Langhans type of giant cells...
November 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
Srinivas Rajagopala, Roopa Kancherla, Ramanathan Palaniappan Ramanathan
Tuberculosis (TB) is a rare cause of chylothorax. We describe a case and the results of a systematic review of all reported cases of TB-chylothorax. We identified 37 cases of TB-chylothorax. The symptoms at presentation were constitutional (85.7%; 30/35), dyspnea (60.6%; 20/33), and cough (54.5%; 18/33). Chylothorax developed subsequent to the diagnosis of TB in 27.8% (10/36) of the patients, after a median of 6.75 weeks (IQR 4-9). Chylothorax developed during an immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS) in 16.7% (10/36) of the patients, including immunocompetent ones...
January 9, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
D P Engineer, S Prakash, A Yadav, J Kumhar, A Biswas, G Kunal, A Goel
Tuberculosis (TB) of thyroid gland is rare entity even in solid organ transplant recipients who have a high risk of TB. Thyroid TB is easily diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. The majority of cases require only antitubercular drugs for treatment, and surgical intervention is required only in few patients. We here describe a case of thyroid TB presenting as an acute abscess in postrenal transplant recipient with a background of acute rejection treated with steroid and antithymocyte globulin.
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Zijuan Hu, Xiaoman Chang, Qing Pan, Kebin Gu, Patrick Nwabueze Okechukwu
Background: Camel milk has been reportedly used to treat dropsy, jaundice, tuberculosis, and diabetes while camel urine is used to treat diarrhea and cancer. However, there is no scientific evidence on the antiulcer activity of camel milk and urine. Thus, the present is designed to investigate the gastroprotective and ulcer healing effect of camel milk and urine on experimentally induced gastric ulcer models in rats. Materials and Methods: The gastroprotective effect was investigated in HCl/EtOH, water-restraint stress (WRS) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (indomethacin)-induced ulcer models while ulcer healing activity was investigated in indomethacin-induced ulcer model...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Byung Woo Jhun, Woo Jin Jung, Na Young Hwang, Hye Yun Park, Kyeongman Jeon, Eun-Suk Kang, Won-Jung Koh
Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD) is increasingly recognized as an important predisposing condition for the development of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), but there are limited data on the risk factors for CPA development in NTM-LD patients. We reviewed the medical records of 566 patients who, at the time of diagnosis of NTM-LD, did not have CPA and who received ≥12 months of treatment for NTM-LD between January 2010 and June 2015. Of these patients, 41 (7.2%) developed CPA (NTM-CPA group), whereas the remaining 525 patients did not develop CPA (NTM group)...
2017: PloS One
Stephanie Gilbert, LaChae Hood, Stephen Y K Seah
The heteromeric acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, FadE28-FadE29 and the enoyl CoA hydratase ChsH1-ChsH2, encoded by genes within the intracellular growth (igr) operon of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, catalyze the dehydrogenation of the 3-carbon side chain cholesterol metabolite, 3-OPC-CoA, and subsequent hydration of the product 3-oxo-4,17-pregnadiene-20-carboxyl-CoA (3-OPDC-CoA) to form 17-hydroxy-3-oxo-4-pregnene-20-carboxyl-CoA (17-HOPC-CoA). The gene downstream of chsH2, ltp2, was expressed in recombinant Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 in combination with other genes within the igr operon...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
Satoshi Nitta, Shotaro Sakka, Tsuyoshi Endo, Manabu Komine, Masakazu Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki Nishiyama
A 60-year-old man had a past history of urothelial carcinoma of the left renal pelvis treated with laparoscopic left total nephroureterectomy in October 2004. He underwent transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TUR-Bt) twice for recurrence of urothelial carcinoma in the bladder in April 2014 and February 2015, and subsequently received intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation at weekly intervalsfor prevention of recurrence. In November 2016, a year and a half after BCG induction, he received BCG therapy after urethral bougie to dilate the urethral stricture...
October 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Gabriel Vega-Cornejo, Priscila Ayala-Buenrostro
Sarcoidosis is a chronic, multisystemic, granulomatous disorder. Our patient was a 2-year-old girl with multiple airway conditions and a partial response to inhaled and systemic steroids. She was positive for acute phase reactants and negative for antibodies. Polymerase chain reaction revealed atypical Mycobacteria and she was negative for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Laryngeal sarcoidosis was diagnosed by histopathology in a biopsy of larynx that revealed a chronic granulomatous inflammatory process with Langhans giant cells and acute and ulcerated areas with changes compatible with tuberculosis...
November 1, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Narendra Agrawal, Mukul Aggarwal, Jyotsna Kapoor, Rayaz Ahmed, Anjan Shrestha, Meena Kaushik, Dinesh Bhurani
BACKGROUND: Patients post allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) are expected to be at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) owing to underlying immunosuppression. We conducted a retrospective study in patients post alloSCT for clinical features and factors associated with TB. METHODS: Records of all patients transplanted from January 1, 2012 until December 31, 2015 were reviewed. Diagnosis of TB was considered if Mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured from clinical samples or acid-fast bacilli (AFB) were demonstrated on histopathology/smears...
February 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
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