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High flow nasal cannula oxygen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603625/physiological-impact-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-therapy-on-postextubation-acute-respiratory-failure-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#1
Naohiro Shioji, Tatsuo Iwasaki, Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Tomohiko Suemori, Kentaro Sugimoto, Yasutoshi Kuroe, Hiroshi Morimatsu
BACKGROUND: Reintubation after pediatric cardiac surgery is associated with a high rate of mortality. Therefore, adequate respiratory support for postextubation acute respiratory failure (ARF) is important. However, little is known about the physiological impact of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) therapy on ARF after pediatric cardiac surgery. Our working hypothesis was that HFNC therapy for postextubation ARF after pediatric cardiac surgery improves hemodynamic and respiratory parameters...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601264/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Onlak Makdee, Apichaya Monsomboon, Usapan Surabenjawong, Nattakarn Praphruetkit, Wansiri Chaisirin, Tipa Chakorn, Chairat Permpikul, Phakphoom Thiravit, Tanyaporn Nakornchai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: High-flow nasal cannula is a new method for delivering high-flow supplemental oxygen for victims of respiratory failure. This randomized controlled trial compares high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in emergency department (ED) patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized controlled trial in the ED of Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Patients aged 18 years or older with cardiogenic pulmonary edema were randomly assigned to receive either conventional oxygen therapy or high-flow nasal cannula...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588119/high-flow-nasal-cannula-utilization-in-pediatric-critical-care
#3
Kristen D Coletti, Dayanand N Bagdure, Linda K Walker, Kenneth E Remy, Jason W Custer
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is increasingly utilized in pediatrics, delivering humidified air and oxygen for respiratory conditions causing hypoxia and distress. In the neonatal ICU, it has been associated with better tolerance, lower complications, and lower cost. Few data exist regarding indications for use and the epidemiology of disease/pathology that warrants HFNC in the pediatric ICU. METHODS: This study is a retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a tertiary children's hospital pediatric ICU and placed on HFNC from October 1, 2011 to October 31, 2013...
June 6, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588117/aerosol-delivery-through-adult-high-flow-nasal-cannula-with-heliox-and-oxygen
#4
Patricia A Dailey, Robert Harwood, Kyle Walsh, James B Fink, Tina Thayer, Greg Gagnon, Arzu Ari
BACKGROUND: Heliox (helium-oxygen mixture) has been shown to reduce turbulence and improve aerosol delivery in a range of clinical settings. We questioned whether heliox as compared with oxygen via high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) would affect aerosol delivery. We hypothesized that heliox would have a significant effect on aerosol delivery as compared with oxygen with both quiet and distressed breathing patterns. METHODS: A vibrating mesh nebulizer was placed at the inlet of a humidifier via HFNC with small adult cannula distal to the heated-wire circuit with prongs placed into simulated nares with a T-shaped trap and absolute filter connected to a breath simulator set to adult quiet and distressed breathing parameters...
June 6, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575343/maintaining-oxygenation-with-high-flow-nasal-cannula-during-emergent-awake-surgical-tracheostomy
#5
R Ffrench-O'Carroll, K Fitzpatrick, W R Jonker, M Choo, O Tujjar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555461/high-flow-nasal-cannulae-for-respiratory-support-in-adult-intensive-care-patients
#6
REVIEW
Amanda Corley, Claire M Rickard, Leanne M Aitken, Amy Johnston, Adrian Barnett, John F Fraser, Sharon R Lewis, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) deliver high flows of blended humidified air and oxygen via wide-bore nasal cannulae and may be useful in providing respiratory support for adult patients experiencing acute respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVES: We evaluated studies that included participants 16 years of age and older who were admitted to the ICU and required treatment with HFNC. We assessed the safety and efficacy of HFNC compared with comparator interventions in terms of treatment failure, mortality, adverse events, duration of respiratory support, hospital and ICU length of stay, respiratory effects, patient-reported outcomes, and costs of treatment...
May 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544665/humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-bronchiolitis-reduces-need-for-invasive-ventilation-but-not-intensive-care-admission
#7
Chong Tien Goh, Lynette J Kirby, David N Schell, Jonathan R Egan
AIM: To describe the changes to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission patterns and ventilation requirements for children with bronchiolitis following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen outside the PICU. METHODS: Retrospective study comparing patients <24 months of age with a discharge diagnosis of bronchiolitis admitted to the PICU. A comparison was made between those before humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2008) to those immediately following the introduction of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use (year 2011) and those following further consolidation of humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen use outside the PICU (year 2013)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524026/-high-flow-nasal-cannulae-oxygen-in-patients-with-respiratory-failure-a-meta-analysis
#8
Weigang Yue, Zhigang Zhang, Caiyun Zhang, Liping Yang, Jufang He, Yuying Hou, Ying Tang, Jinhui Tian
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannulae oxygen (HFNC) in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: Computerized PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, CBM, VIP, Wanfang Database up to March 31st, 2017, all published available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or cohort studies about HFNC therapy for patients with respiratory failure were searched. The control group was treated with face mask oxygen therapy (FM) or non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV), while the experimental group was treated with HFNC...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506664/heliox-delivered-by-high-flow-nasal-cannula-improves-oxygenation-in-infants-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-acute-bronchiolitis
#9
Wael Seliem, Amira M Sultan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the hypothesis that use of heliox would result in improvement of gas exchange when used with high flow nasal cannula in infants with RSV acute bronchiolitis. METHODS: All patients that met the inclusion criteria were randomized to either heliox (70:30) or air-oxygen mixture 30% via high flow nasal cannula at 8L/min for a continuous 24h. Measurements were taken at baseline, after 2h, and at the end of the 24h...
May 12, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505486/respiratory-support-techniques-to-avoid-desaturation-in-critically-ill-patients-requiring-endotracheal-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Vincenzo Russotto, Andrea Cortegiani, Santi Maurizio Raineri, Cesare Gregoretti, Antonino Giarratano
PURPOSE: To evaluate which respiratory support method for critically ill patients undergoing endotracheal intubation (ETI) is associated with less desaturation. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus and CINAHL databases. We included randomized (RCT) and non-randomized (non-RCT) studies investigating any method of respiratory support before/during ETI compared to a reference control. RESULTS: Apneic oxygenation (ApOx) was the most commonly investigated respiratory support technique for critically ill patients undergoing intubation (4 RCTs, 358 patients)...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487415/randomized-comparison-of-helmet-cpap-versus-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-in-pediatric-respiratory-distress
#11
Giovanna Vitaliti, Maria Concetta Vitaliti, Maria Carla Finocchiaro, Vita Antonella Di Stefano, Piero Pavone, Nassim Matin, Nazgol Motamed-Gorji, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of 2 noninvasive respiratory support methods, which included helmet CPAP and high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in children with respiratory distress admitted to a pediatric intermediate care unit. METHODS: This study was a prospective observational study conducted on children with respiratory distress (age 1-24 months) who were admitted to our acute and emergency operative unit. All included subjects were randomly treated with helmet CPAP or HFNC in a 1:1 fashion until their clinical picture, oxygen saturation, and arterial blood gas (ABG) parameters resolved...
May 9, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470831/physiological-effects-of-titrated-oxygen-via-nasal-high-flow-cannulae-in-copd-exacerbations-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#12
Janine Pilcher, Leonie Eastlake, Michael Richards, Sharon Power, Terrianne Cripps, Susan Bibby, Irene Braithwaite, Mark Weatherall, Richard Beasley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Increased arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2 ) is an important complication of acute exacerbations of COPD. The effects of nasal high-flow cannulae (NHF) on PaCO2 in patients with COPD exacerbations, and whether this therapy should be used in this clinical situation, are less certain. We aimed to investigate the effect of NHF on PaCO2 in patients admitted to hospital with a COPD exacerbation. METHODS: We performed a single-centre randomized controlled cross-over trial in 24 hospital inpatients with acute exacerbations of COPD receiving oxygen via standard nasal prongs (SNPs)...
May 4, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466461/high-flow-nasal-cannula-to-prevent-postextubation-respiratory-failure-in-high-risk-non-hypercapnic-patients-a-randomized-multicenter-trial
#13
Rafael Fernandez, Carles Subira, Fernando Frutos-Vivar, Gemma Rialp, Cesar Laborda, Joan Ramon Masclans, Amanda Lesmes, Luna Panadero, Gonzalo Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Extubation failure is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but cannot be safely predicted or avoided. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) prevents postextubation respiratory failure in low-risk patients. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that HFNC reduces postextubation respiratory failure in high-risk non-hypercapnic patients compared with conventional oxygen. METHODS: Randomized, controlled multicenter trial in patients who passed a spontaneous breathing trial...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459761/a-novel-weaning-protocol-for-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-the-picu
#14
Kristina A Betters, Kiran B Hebbar, Courtney McCracken, David Heitz, Stephanie Sparacino, Toni Petrillo
OBJECTIVE: High-flow nasal cannula use in the PICU continues to increase; however, a protocol for weaning patients has yet to be published. This study aimed to create an efficient and safe protocol for weaning high-flow nasal cannula. DESIGN: A Respiratory Assessment Score was created using two validated scoring systems. A protocol was established for set "holidays" off high-flow nasal cannula, where nasal cannula flow was reduced to age-based low-flow nasal cannula rates if Respiratory Assessment Scores met certain criteria...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459412/-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-patients-after-trachea-extubation
#15
Jiawei Shen, Youzhong An
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is one primary cause of intensive care unit (ICU) admittance, which is usually treated with intubation and mechanical ventilation in order to maintain a necessary ventilation and oxygenation function. After the remove of trachea tube, available oxygenation supports include nasal cannula, venturi mask, non-invasive ventilator and high flow nasal cannula (HFNC). In this article we reviewed the physiological mechanism related to HFNC therapy and trails about the application of HFNC in extubated patients...
January 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459344/not-just-oxygen-mechanisms-of-benefit-from-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#16
Ewan C Goligher, Arthur S Slutsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459282/use-of-nasal-high-flow-in-stable-copd-rationale-and-physiology
#17
Lara Pisani, Maria Laura Vega
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a device able to deliver heated and humidified oxygen at high flows (up to 60 L/minutes). Potential benefits of HFNC are several and include the improvement of lung mucociliary clearance, the washout of upper airway dead space, the generation of a low level of positive airway pressure (PEEP effect), the decrease in inspiratory resistance and at the same time the increase in expiratory resistance. The present review aimed to describe the evidence surrounding the use of HFNC in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients...
May 1, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454060/heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-after-thoracic-surgery-a-randomized-prospective-clinical-pilot-trial
#18
Jason Brainard, Benjamin K Scott, Breandan L Sullivan, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Jerome R Piccoli, Morris G Gebbink, Karsten Bartels
BACKGROUND: Thoracic surgery patients are at high-risk for adverse pulmonary outcomes. Heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula oxygen (HHFNC O2) may decrease such events. We hypothesized that patients randomized to prophylactic HHFNC O2 would develop fewer pulmonary complications compared to conventional O2 therapy. METHODS AND PATIENTS: Fifty-one patients were randomized to HHFNC O2 vs. conventional O2. The primary outcome was a composite of postoperative pulmonary complications...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452810/severe-pulmonary-embolism-managed-with-high-flow-nasal-cannula-oxygen-therapy
#19
Jonathan Messika, Philippe Goutorbe, David Hajage, Jean-Damien Ricard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442633/positive-end-expiratory-pressure-effect-of-3-high-flow-nasal-cannula-devices
#20
Jing-Chao Luo, Mei-Shan Lu, Zhi-Hong Zhao, Wei Jiang, Biao Xu, Li Weng, Tong Li, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is supposed to provide additional PEEP compared with conventional oxygen therapy. However, the exact determinants of this PEEP effect are unclear. We investigated the factors that might affect the PEEP and compared PEEP performance among 3 HFNC devices. METHODS: Three available HFNC devices were evaluated: the AIRVO 2 device and 2 mechanical ventilators (SV300 and Monnal T75). A device consisting of a test lung (5600i) and an airway model (AMT(IE)) was used to simulate spontaneous breathing...
April 25, 2017: Respiratory Care
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