keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

guía

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141897/effects-of-health-and-social-care-spending-constraints-on-mortality-in-england-a-time-trend-analysis
#1
Johnathan Watkins, Wahyu Wulaningsih, Charlie Da Zhou, Dominic C Marshall, Guia D C Sylianteng, Phyllis G Dela Rosa, Viveka A Miguel, Rosalind Raine, Lawrence P King, Mahiben Maruthappu
OBJECTIVE: Since 2010, England has experienced relative constraints in public expenditure on healthcare (PEH) and social care (PES). We sought to determine whether these constraints have affected mortality rates. METHODS: We collected data on health and social care resources and finances for England from 2001 to 2014. Time trend analyses were conducted to compare the actual mortality rates in 2011-2014 with the counterfactual rates expected based on trends before spending constraints...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141867/host-resistance-to-endotoxic-shock-requires-the-neuroendocrine-regulation-of-group-1-innate-lymphoid-cells
#2
Linda Quatrini, Elisabeth Wieduwild, Sophie Guia, Claire Bernat, Nicolas Glaichenhaus, Eric Vivier, Sophie Ugolini
Upon infection, the immune system produces inflammatory mediators important for pathogen clearance. However, inflammation can also have deleterious effect on the host and is tightly regulated. Immune system-derived cytokines stimulate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, triggering endogenous glucocorticoid production. Through interaction with ubiquitously expressed glucocorticoid receptors (GRs), this steroid hormone has pleiotropic effects on many cell types. Using a genetic mouse model in which the gene encoding the GR is selectively deleted in NKp46(+) innate lymphoid cells (ILCs), we demonstrated a major role for the HPA pathway in host resistance to endotoxin-induced septic shock...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135974/early-meteorological-records-from-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-during-the-18th-and-19th-centuries
#3
Fernando Domínguez-Castro, José Manuel Vaquero, María Cruz Gallego, Ana María Marín Farrona, Juan Carlos Antuña-Marrero, Erika Elizabeth Cevallos, Ricardo García Herrera, Cristina de la Guía, Raúl David Mejía, José Manuel Naranjo, María Del Rosario Prieto, Luis Enrique Ramos Guadalupe, Lizardo Seiner, Ricardo Machado Trigo, Marcos Villacís
This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#4
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069725/notch4-and-mhc-class-ii-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-hcv-related-benign-and-malignant-lymphoproliferative-diseases
#5
Laura Gragnani, Elisa Fognani, Valli De Re, Massimo Libra, Adriana Garozzo, Patrizio Caini, Guia Cerretelli, Andrea Giovannelli, Serena Lorini, Monica Monti, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Anna Linda Zignego
Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), is a HCV-related, clinically benign, lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) that may evolve into a non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Significant associations were found between two single nucleotide polymorphisms near NOTCH4 (rs2071286) and the HLA class II (rs9461776) genes and HCV-related MC syndrome (MCS). We analyzed NOTCH4 rs2071286 and HLA-II rs9461776 in 3 HCV-related LPD groups (asymptomatic MC, MCS, NHL) with HCV infection without lymphoproliferative disorders. We found a positive relationship between NOTCH4 rs207186 T minor allele frequency (MAF) and patients with HCV-related LPDs at risk of NHL (Chi-square test for trend = 14...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#6
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034010/developing-a-framework-of-gastronomic-systems-research-to-unravel-drivers-of-food-choice
#7
Rosa Paula Cuevas, Annalyn de Guia, Matty Demont
Nutritional and dietary interventions and the introduction of novel food products and ingredients require a thorough understanding of the drivers of food choice, which are embedded in local context and culture. We developed a framework of "gastronomic systems research" (GSR) to understand culture-specific consumer food choice, and contextualise it to a target population of urban, middle- to high-income Filipino consumers to assess the domestic niche market potential of traditional rice varieties in the Philippines...
October 2017: Int J Gastron Food Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025687/serine-racemase-and-d-serine-in-the-amygdala-are-dynamically-involved-in-fear-learning
#8
Darrick T Balu, Kendall Taylor Presti, Cathy C Y Huang, Kevin Muszynski, Inna Radzishevsky, Herman Wolosker, Guia Guffanti, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph T Coyle
BACKGROUND: The amygdala is a central component of the neural circuitry that underlies fear learning. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent plasticity in the amygdala is required for pavlovian fear conditioning and extinction. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation requires the binding of a coagonist, D-serine, which is synthesized from L-serine by the neuronal enzyme serine racemase (SR). However, little is known about SR and D-serine function in the amygdala. METHODS: We used immunohistochemical methods to characterize the cellular localization of SR and D-serine in the mouse and human amygdala...
August 26, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977232/humanization-in-the-intensive-care-perception-of-family-and-healthcare-professionals
#9
Flavia Feron Luiz, Rita Catalina Aquino Caregnato, Márcia Rosa da Costa
Objective: Understanding perceptions of family members and healthcare professionals about humanization at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to direct it to an educational action. Method: Exploratory descriptive and qualitative study conducted in an ICU level 3 of a public hospital in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, with fourteen subjects, eight family members and six healthcare professionals. Data collection carried out through semi-structured interviews and focus group. Content Analysis was used...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964999/yeast-community-in-traditional-portuguese-serpa-cheese-by-culture-dependent-and-independent-dna-approaches
#10
Maria Teresa P Gonçalves Dos Santos, María José Benito, María de Guía Córdoba, Nuno Alvarenga, Santiago Ruiz-Moyano Seco de Herrera
This study investigated the yeast community present in the traditional Portuguese cheese, Serpa, by culture-dependent and -independent methods. Sixteen batches of Serpa cheeses from various regional industries registered with the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) versus non-PDO registered, during spring and winter, were used. Irrespective of the producer, the yeast counts were around 5log CFU/g in winter and, overall, were lower in spring. The yeast species identified at the end of ripening (30days), using PCR-RFLP analysis and sequencing of the 26S rRNA, mainly corresponded to Debaryomyces hansenii and Kluyveromyces marxianus, with Candida spp...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964236/the-pre-launch-characterization-of-simbio-sys-vihi-imaging-spectrometer-for-the-bepicolombo-mission-to-mercury-i-linearity-radiometry-and-geometry-calibrations
#11
Gianrico Filacchione, Fabrizio Capaccioni, Francesca Altieri, Cristian Carli, Iacopo Ficai Veltroni, Michele Dami, Leonardo Tommasi, Gianluca Aroldi, Donato Borrelli, Alessandra Barbis, Marco Baroni, Guia Pastorini, Raffaele Mugnuolo
Before integration aboard European Space Agency BepiColombo mission to Mercury, the visible and near infrared hyperspectral imager underwent an intensive calibration campaign. We report in Paper I about the radiometric and linearity responses of the instrument including the optical setups used to perform them. Paper II [F. Altieri et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 88, 094503 (2017)] will describe complementary spectral response calibration. The responsivity is used to calculate the expected instrumental signal-to-noise ratio for typical observation scenarios of the BepiColombo mission around Mercury...
September 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961425/fkbp5-dna-methylation-does-not-mediate-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-depression-symptom-severity-in-the-detroit-neighborhood-health-study
#12
Angela C Bustamante, Allison E Aiello, Guia Guffanti, Sandro Galea, Derek E Wildman, Monica Uddin
Exposure to childhood maltreatment increases the risk of developing mental illness later in life. Childhood maltreatment and depression have both been associated with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis-a key regulator of the body's stress response. Additionally, HPA axis dysregulation has been implicated in the etiology of a range of mental illnesses. A substantial body of work has shown history of childhood maltreatment alters DNA methylation levels within key HPA axis genes. We therefore investigated whether one of these key genes, FKBP5 mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depression, and assessed FKBP5 DNA methylation and gene expression within 112 adults from the Detroit Neighborhood Health Study (DNHS)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946595/stroop-color-word-interference-test-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#13
D Rivera, A Morlett-Paredes, A I Peñalver Guia, M J Irías Escher, M Soto-Añari, A Aguayo Arelis, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, N Albaladejo-Blázquez, C García de la Cadena, J A Ibáñez-Alfonso, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, A Padilla-López, E Vergara-Moragues, M D Barrios Nevado, M Saracostti Schwartzman, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Stroop Word-Color Interference test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the Stroop test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Stroop-Word, Stroop-Color, Stroop Word-Color and Stroop-Interference scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946592/modified-wisconsin-card-sorting-test-m-wcst-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#14
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, E Nicholls, A Aguayo Arelis, C García de la Cadena, A I Peñalver Guia, E Vergara-Moragues, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, A Marín-Morales, M Soto-Añari, L Lara, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, C Alcazar Tebar, J Galarza-Del-Angel, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, C E García-Guerrero, I D Delgado-Mejía, S Pohlenz Amador, M Sánchez-SanSegundo
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Modified Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the M-WCST as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Number of categories, perseverative errors, and total errors scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946591/verbal-fluency-tests-normative-data-for%C3%A2-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#15
L Olabarrieta-Landa, D Rivera, L Lara, S Rute-Pérez, A Rodriguez-Lorenzana, J Galarza-Del-Angel, A I Peñalver Guia, R Ferrer-Cascales, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A I Campos Varillas, D Ramos-Usuga, B Chino-Vilca, M A Aguilar Uriarte, P Martín-Lobo, C García de la Cadena, B Postigo-Alonso, I Romero-García, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the phonological and semantic verbal fluency tests (VFT) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the VFT as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Scores for letters F, A, S, and animals and fruit categories were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899604/clinical-and-epidemiological-use-of-nested-pcr-targeting-the-repetitive-element-is1111-associated-with-the-transposase-gene-from-coxiella-burnetii
#16
Maria Angélica M M Mares-Guia, Alexandro Guterres, Tatiana Rozental, Michelle Dos Santos Ferreira, Elba R S Lemos
Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii-a small obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium found in a variety of animals. It is transmitted to humans by inhalation of contaminated aerosols from urine, feces, milk, amniotic fluid, placenta, abortion products, wool, and rarely by ingestion of raw milk from infected animals. Nested PCR can improve the sensitivity and specificity of testing while offering a suitable amplicon size for sequencing. Serial dilutions were performed tenfold to test the limit of detection, and the result was 10× detection of C...
August 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898781/thymus-atrophy-is-an-efficient-marker-of-illicit-treatment-with-dexamethasone-in-veal-calves-results-from-a-triennial-experimental-study
#17
Guia Benedetta Richelmi, Cristiana Maurella, Marzia Pezzolato, Mario Botta, Katia Varello, Danilo Pitardi, Elisa Baioni, Claudio Bellino, Antonio D'Angelo, Maria Caramelli, Elena Bozzetta
Glucocorticoids, used in a wide range of pathologies thank to their therapeutical properties, are also illegally used as growth-promoters in animal breeding even if the European Union regulates their use to protect consumers' health from the adverse effects of residues in food. The first aim of the study was to establish the applicability of two histological parameters - atrophy and cortex-medulla ratio - to detect glucocorticoids misuse in calves. The second aim was to concurrently test the potentiality of both parameters to discriminate between treated and untreated animals...
September 6, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#18
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779989/biomechanical-description-of-phonation-in-children-affected-by-williams-syndrome
#19
Irene Hidalgo de la Guía, Pedro Gómez Vilda, Elena Garayzábal Heinze
The voice of persons with Williams syndrome (WS) is described as hoarse with a deep and unstable fundamental frequency (f0). These observations may be justified by the deficit of elastin due to a haplo-insufficiency in the ELN gene characteristic of the syndrome. In view of the possible relationship between elastin deficit and dysphonia, a study of the dynamic function of WS phonation was conducted by means of biomechanical analysis. In order to assess the presence of dysphonic symptoms and their degree of severity, the biomechanical description of WS phonation has been evaluated in terms of dynamic mass and viscoelasticity estimates...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737884/-deficiencia-de-hierro-y-anemia-ferrop%C3%A3-nica-gu%C3%A3-a-para-su-prevenci%C3%A3-n-diagn%C3%A3-stico-y-tratamiento-resumen-ejecutivo
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
keyword
keyword
105754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"