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sweet syndrome and ibd

J Marcoval, C Martín-Callizo, F Valentí-Medina, M Bonfill-Ortí, L Martínez-Molina
BACKGROUND: Several studies support a strong association of Sweet syndrome (SS) with malignancy. However, only a few studies analysing the clinical features of malignancy-associated SS have been published in recent years. AIM: To retrospectively study the clinical features of SS that could predict the development of associated malignancies and to analyse the development of malignant neoplasia during long-term follow-up of patients with SS. METHODS: Clinical features of the patients diagnosed with SS syndrome between 1987 and 2013 at Bellvitge Hospital (Barcelona, Spain) were retrospectively analysed...
October 2016: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Sugata Narayan Biswas, Partha Pratim Chakraborty, Kripasindhu Gantait, Chittaranjan Bar
A 52-year-old man presented with high-grade fever, headache and painful vesicular skin rash involving the upper trunk and upper extremities, 8 days after initiation of chemotherapy with azathioprine (50 mg/day), which had been prescribed for acral vitiligo. There was neither any history of preceding respiratory or gastrointestinal tract infection, nor was the patient known to have malignancy, drug hypersensitivity, inflammatory bowel disease, vasculitis or other autoimmune disease. Laboratory results revealed leucocytosis with neutrophilia and markedly elevated acute phase reactants...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Meriem Amouri, Abdelrahmen Masmoudi, Morsi Ammar, Sonia Boudaya, Abdelmajid Khabir, Tahia Boudawara, Hamida Turki
BACKGROUND: Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by the abrupt onset of cutaneous, systemic and histopathological alterations in response to different stimuli. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemioclinical, histological, and therapeutic features and outcomes of SS. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SS over a 20-year period (1993-2012) was conducted. Data were analyzed using a level of significance of 5%...
September 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Rute Lopes Caçola, Marta Soares, Carla Cardoso, António Furtado
Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a neutrophilic dermatosis disorder of unknown aetiology, characterised by acute fever, neutrophilia, painful erythematous papules, nodules and plaques, and an infiltrate consisting predominantly of mature neutrophils in the upper dermis. Classical SS is a rare extra-intestinal manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is more common in Crohn's disease than in ulcerative colitis (UC). There is a predilection for women, and for patients with colonic disease and active IBD...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Ashling McNally, Jan Ibbetson, Shireen Sidhu
We present three patients with azathioprine-induced Sweet's syndrome (AISS) who attended our tertiary institution within a 12-month period. Established associations exist between Sweet's syndrome and some medications; however, to date links to azathioprine are tentative. While there are case reports of AISS, most have occurred in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), an underlying predisposition for Sweet's syndrome. Our case series adds to the evidence that the entity of AISS truly exists independent of confounding factors such as concurrent IBD...
August 24, 2015: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Robert B Contrucci, Donna Bilu Martin
Sweet syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is a disorder of unknown etiology. It has been associated with autoimmune processes, malignancies, infections, drug reactions, and gastrointestinal disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease. We describe the case of a 51-year-old man who presented with severe pain in his tongue and throat and referred pain in his right ear, along with odynophagia, fever, and hoarseness of 48 hours'duration. An oral and oropharyngeal examination revealed the presence of aphthous ulcerations, as well as a 3 × 3-cm raised inflammatory lesion on the right anterior lateral tongue and a 5 × 5-mm bulla on the hard palate in the midline...
July 2015: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Yasmeen J Bhat, Iffat Hassan, Peerzada Sajad, Saniya Akhtar, Sheema Sheikh
Sweet's syndrome encompasses a variety of neutrophilic dermatosis characterized by acute onset of erythematous, edematous, painful papules, plaques and nodules associated with systemic symptoms, peripheral blood leukocytosis and histological findings of dense neutrophilic infiltrate. Ten patients were diagnosed during a period of one year. The patient population consisted of 7 females and 3 males with mean age of 47.6 years ranging from 32 to 60 years. An associated disorder was observed in 6 patients which were diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypertension and inflammatory bowel disease...
July 2015: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Joshua W Hagen, Jason M Swoger, Lisa M Grandinetti
Awareness of the extraintestinal manifestations of Crohn disease is increasing in dermatology and gastroenterology, with enhanced identification of entities that range from granulomatous diseases recapitulating the underlying inflammatory bowel disease to reactive conditions and associated dermatoses. In this review, the underlying etiopathology of Crohn disease is discussed, and how this mirrors certain skin manifestations that present in a subset of patients is explored. The array of extraintestinal manifestations that do not share a similar pathology, but which are often seen in association with inflammatory bowel disease, is also discussed...
July 2015: Dermatologic Clinics
Laurence Imhof, Barbara Meier, Pascal Frei, Jivko Kamarachev, Gerhard Rogler, Antonios Kolios, Alexander A Navarini, Emmanuel Contassot, Lars E French
Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a dermatosis with systemic symptoms characterized by tender, red nodules or papules, occasionally covered with vesicles, pustules or bullae, usually affecting the upper limbs, face and neck. SS is frequently observed in patients with leukemia or connective tissue diseases, while it is rather seldom in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The exact pathogenesis of SS is only partially understood. We report the case of a 50-year-old patient with indeterminate colitis, presenting with a febrile diffuse papulopustular and necrotizing skin eruption that healed with significant scarring and appeared 14 days after onset of treatment with azathioprine...
2015: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Jessica Kim So, Casey A Carlos, Corey S Frucht, Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Histiocytoid Sweet syndrome is an uncommon variant in which the dermal infiltrate is composed of mononuclear cells with a histiocytic appearance that represent immature myeloid cells. Giant cellulitis-like Sweet syndrome is a recently described variant characterized by relapsing widespread giant lesions. PURPOSE: We report a unique patient with histiocytoid giant cellulitis-like Sweet syndrome and review the current literature on histiocytoid Sweet syndrome and giant cellulitis-like Sweet syndrome...
March 2015: Dermatology Online Journal
S Kaur, D Gupta, B Garg, N Sood
Sweet's syndrome is characterized by erythematous tender nodules and plaques over face and extremities. Fever, leukocytosis with neutrophilia, and a neutrophilic infiltrate in the dermis are characteristic features. Neutrophilic dermatosis of dorsal hands is a rare localized variant of Sweet's syndrome occurring predominantly over dorsa of hands. Various degrees of vascular damage may be observed on histopathology of these lesions. Both Sweet's syndrome and its dorsal hand variant have been reported in association with malignancies, inflammatory bowel diseases, and drugs...
January 2015: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Diane Maalouf, Maxime Battistella, Jean-David Bouaziz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to describe the physiopathological and therapeutic aspects of neutrophilic dermatosis, taking into account their most frequent associated conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: In autoinflammatory syndromes featuring neutrophilic dermatosis, the role of interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α cytokines in the immunopathogenesis of neutrophilic dermatosis has supported their classification as autoinflammatory diseases...
January 2015: Current Opinion in Hematology
Yumi Cristina Komatsu, Gabriela Cunha Capareli, Maria Fernanda Feitosa de Camargo Boin, Rute Lellis, Thaís Helena Proença de Freitas, Karine Simone
Inflammatory bowel diseases can commonly present many cutaneous lesions which can contribute to the diagnosis of the disease or its activity. The most frequent cutaneous or mucocutaneous manifestations suggesting ulcerative rectocolitis activity are erythema nodosum (3-10%), pyoderma gangrenosum (5-12%) and aphthous stomatitis (4%). Other reactive skin manifestations related to immunological mechanisms associated with the inflammatory bowel disease are: Sweet's syndrome, arthritis-dermatitis syndrome associated with inflammatory bowel disease and leukocytoclastic vasculitis...
November 2014: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Piyush G Limdiwala, Shilpa J Parikh, Jigna S Shah
Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis or Sweet's syndrome (SS) is characterized by painful, erythematous plaques of rapid onset accompanied by fever. The etiology of SS is unknown and it may be associated with antecedent infections, malignancies, autoimmune diseases, drugs and vaccines, upper respiratory or gastrointestinal infection, pregnancy, inflammatory bowel disease as well as chemotherapy or idiopathic. The standard therapy for SS is systemic corticosteroids. We report a rare case of 19-year-old young male patient with complaint of severe ill-defined type of pain in both jaws associated with plaques and papules on extensor surfaces of upper and lower extremities with bodyache and myalgia...
May 2014: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Rosa María Fernández-Torres, Susana Castro, Ana Moreno, Roberto Alvarez, Eduardo Fonseca
We report a case of subcutaneous histiocytoid Sweet syndrome in an adolescent with Crohn disease. A 14-year-old boy with a 1-year history of ileocolonic and perianal Crohn disease, treated with infliximab and azathioprine, was admitted to the Pediatrics Department with malaise, abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and fever (39°C) from 15 days ago. Two days later, he developed cutaneous lesions consisting of tender, erythematous, and violaceous papules and nodules scattered over his legs, soles, and upper extremities...
2014: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Lola Prat, Jean-David Bouaziz, Daniel Wallach, Marie-Dominique Vignon-Pennamen, Martine Bagot
Neutrophilic dermatoses (ND) are inflammatory skin conditions characterized by a sterile infiltrate of normal polymorphonuclear leukocytes. The main clinical forms of ND include Sweet syndrome, pyoderma gangrenosum, erythema elevatum diutinum, subcorneal pustular dermatosis, and their atypical or transitional forms. ND are often idiopathic, but they may be associated with myeloid hematologic malignancies (Sweet syndrome), inflammatory bowel disease or rheumatoid arthritis (pyoderma gangrenosum), and monoclonal gammopathies (erythema elevatum diutinum, subcorneal pustular dermatosis)...
May 2014: Clinics in Dermatology
Zaira Pellicer, Jesus Manuel Santiago, Alejandro Rodriguez, Vicent Alonso, Rosario Antón, Marta Maia Bosca
Almost one-third of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) develop skin lesions. Cutaneous disorders associated with IBD may be divided into 5 groups based on the nature of the association: specific manifestations (orofacial and metastatic IBD), reactive disorders (erythema nodosum, pyoderma gangrenosum, pyodermatitis-pyostomatitis vegetans, Sweet's syndrome and cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa), miscellaneous (epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, bullous pemphigoid, linear IgA bullous disease, squamous cell carcinoma-Bowen's disease, hidradenitis suppurativa, secondary amyloidosis and psoriasis), manifestations secondary to malnutrition and malabsorption (zinc, vitamins and iron deficiency), and manifestations secondary to drug therapy (salicylates, immunosupressors, biological agents, antibiotics and steroids)...
2012: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Sebastian Kaszewski, Rafał Czajkowski, Franciszka Protas-Drozd, Waldemar Placek, Sebastian Jakubowski
Diagnosis of paraneoplastic skin syndromes associating neoplastic processes is assumed as the crucial aspect of dermatological practice. Knowledge of clinical findings of dermatoses suggesting coincidence of malignant proliferative processes facilitates diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. We would like to present a case of Sweet's syndrome, qualified for comparative paraneoplastic skin syndromes. Sweet's syndrome, acute, febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, was first described by Robert Douglas Sweet in 1964 as a disorder characterized by fever, skin lesions of erythematous-infiltrative character, leukocytosis with neutrophilia and dense infiltrations of dermis by mature neutrophils...
February 2014: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
A V Marzano, C Menicanti, C Crosti, V Trevisan
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) and Sweet's Syndrome (SS) are inflammatory skin diseases caused by the accumulation of neutrophils in the skin and, rarely, in internal organs, which led to coining the term of neutrophilic dermatoses (ND) to define these conditions. Recently, ND have been included among the autoinflammatory diseases, which are forms due to mutations of genes regulating the innate immune responses. Both PG and SS are frequently associated with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), a group of chronic intestinal disorders which comprises ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease and whose pathogenesis involves both the innate and adaptive immunity in genetically prone individuals...
April 2013: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Shahzad Raza, Robert S Kirkland, Anand A Patel, James R Shortridge, Carl Freter
Sweet's syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is an infrequent skin disease characterized by sudden onset of fever, leucocytosis and erythematous plaques or nodules infiltrated by neutrophils. There are three main clinical settings in which Sweet's syndrome has been described: classical or idiopathic Sweet's syndrome, malignancy-associated Sweet's syndrome and drug-induced Sweet's syndrome. Classical Sweet's is often preceded by an upper respiratory tract infection and may be associated with inflammatory bowel disease and pregnancy...
May 2013: International Journal of Oncology
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