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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545129/direct-and-indirect-costs-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-mali-a-case-control-study
#1
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Stéphane Besançon, Mira Johri, Sidibe Assa, Jonathan Betz Brown, Kaushik Ramaiya
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most burdensome chronic diseases and is associated with shorter lifetime, diminished quality of life and economic burdens on the patient and society as a result of healthcare, medication, and reduced labor market participation. We aimed to estimate the direct (medical and non-medical) and indirect costs of DM and compare them with those of people without DM (ND), as well as the cost predictors. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Observational retrospective case-control study performed in Mali...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544356/older-people-s-experiences-of-falling-and-perceived-risk-of-falls-in-the-community-a-narrative-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#2
REVIEW
Siobhan Gardiner, Margaret Glogowska, Catherine Stoddart, Sarah Pendlebury, Daniel Lasserson, Debra Jackson
AIM: To examine qualitative research exploring older people's experiences of falling and the perceived risk of falling in the community. This will contribute new insights into how falling is perceived by the older community. BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem for older people and healthcare services across the world. Accidental falls in the community are a persistent problem that is generally recognised as an intrinsic risk of ageing. This review provides a new synthesis of evidence that considers older people's perception of falls in the community as new insights are needed if the increasing problems of falls are to be addressed...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544284/the-national-healthcare-system-claims-databases-in-france-sniiram-and-egb-powerful-tools-for-pharmacoepidemiology
#3
Julien Bezin, Mai Duong, Régis Lassalle, Cécile Droz, Antoine Pariente, Patrick Blin, Nicholas Moore
The French health care system is based on universal coverage by one of several health care insurance plans. The SNIIRAM database merges anonymous information of reimbursed claims from all these plans, linked to the national hospital-discharge summaries database system (PMSI) and the national death registry. It now covers 98.8% of the French population, over 66 million persons, from birth (or immigration) to death (or emigration), making it possibly the world's largest continuous homogeneous claims database...
May 24, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543427/conservation-of-resources-theory-in-nurse-burnout-and-patient-safety
#4
Aoyjai Prapanjaroensin, Patricia A Patrician, David E Vance
AIMS: To examine how the Conservation of Resources theory explains burnout in the nursing profession. BACKGROUND: Burnout, which is an accumulation of work-related mental stress in people-oriented occupations, has been an issue of concern for decades for healthcare workers, especially nurses. Yet, few studies have examined a unified theory that explains the etiology, progression and consequences of nurse burnout. DESIGN: This discussion article integrates current knowledge on nurse burnout using Conservation of Resources theory, which focuses on four resources (i...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543089/treatments-for-people-living-with-schizophrenia-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-adapted-realist-review
#5
REVIEW
S Chidarikire, M Cross, I Skinner, M Cleary
AIM: To identify the treatments and interventions available and their impact on people living with schizophrenia in Sub-Saharan Africa. BACKGROUND: Help-seeking behaviour and the choice of treatment are largely influenced by socio-cultural factors and beliefs about the causes of mental illness. This review addresses the gap in knowledge regarding the treatment options available to people living with schizophrenia in Sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN: Adapted realist literature review...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542632/evaluation-of-a-strategy-for-enrolling-the-families-of-critically-ill-patients-in-research-using-limited-human-resources
#6
Alison E Turnbull, Mohamed D Hashem, Anahita Rabiee, An To, Caroline M Chessare, Dale M Needham
RATIONALE: Clinical trials of interventions aimed at the families of intensive care unit (ICU) patients have proliferated but recruitment for these trials can be challenging. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a strategy for recruiting families of patients currently being treated in an ICU using limited human resources and time-varying daily screening over 7 consecutive days. METHODS: We screened the Johns Hopkins Hospital medical ICU census 7 days per week to identify eligible family members...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542391/effectiveness-of-facility-based-personalized-maternal-nutrition-counseling-in-improving-child-growth-and-morbidity-up-to-18-months-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-burkina-faso
#7
Laetitia Nikièma, Lieven Huybregts, Yves Martin-Prevel, Philippe Donnen, Hermann Lanou, Joep Grosemans, Priscilla Offoh, Michèle Dramaix-Wilmet, Blaise Sondo, Dominique Roberfroid, Patrick Kolsteren
The period from conception to 24 months of age is a crucial window for nutrition interventions. Personalized maternal counseling may improve childbirth outcomes, growth, and health. We assessed the effectiveness of facility-based personalized maternal nutrition counseling (from pregnancy to 18 months after birth) in improving child growth and health in rural Burkina Faso. We conducted a paired cluster randomized controlled trial in a rural district of Burkina Faso with 12 primary health centers (clusters). Healthcare providers in the intervention centers received patient-centered communication and nutrition counseling training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542324/epidemiology-of-influenza-b-yamagata-and-b-victoria-lineages-in-south-africa-2005-2014
#8
Mpho Seleka, Florette K Treurnicht, Stefano Tempia, Orienka Hellferscee, Senzo Mtshali, Adam L Cohen, Amelia Buys, Johanna M McAnerney, Terry G Besselaar, Marthi Pretorius, Anne von Gottberg, Sibongile Walaza, Cheryl Cohen, Shabir A Madhi, Marietjie Venter
BACKGROUND: Studies describing the epidemiology of influenza B lineages in South Africa are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study to describe the circulation of influenza B/Victoria and B/Yamagata lineages among patients of all ages enrolled in South Africa through three respiratory illness surveillance systems between 2005 and 2014: (i) the Viral Watch (VW) program enrolled outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI) from private healthcare facilities during 2005-2014; (ii) the influenza-like illnesses program enrolled outpatients in public healthcare clinics (ILI/PHC) during 2012-2014; and (iii) the severe acute respiratory illnesses (SARI) program enrolled inpatients from public hospitals during 2009-2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542162/carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-barbados-driving-change-in-practice-at-the-national-level
#9
Corey Forde, Bryan Stierman, Pilar Ramon-Pardo, Thais Dos Santos, Nalini Singh
INTRODUCTION: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is of growing concern globally. The risk for transmission of antimicrobial resistant organisms across several continents to the Caribbean is a real one given its tourism industry. After a cluster of cases of CRKP were detected, several studies detailed in this report were initiated to better characterize the problem. METHODS: A hospital-wide point prevalence study and active surveillance were performed at Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEH) in Barbados in 2013 to assess the prevalence of CRKP infection/colonization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541784/one-year-follow-up-of-basic-body-awareness-therapy-in-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-small-intervention-study-of-effects-on-movement-quality-ptsd-symptoms-and-movement-experiences
#10
Conny Blaauwendraat, Adrienne Levy Berg, Amanda Lundvik Gyllensten
The present study with mixed methods design evaluated the long-term effects of Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) for patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fifteen patients received 12 individual sessions of BBAT treatment as usual (TAU) when needed. The patients were assessed at baseline (T0), directly after treatment (T1) and at one-year follow-up (T2), using the Body Awareness Scale Movement Quality and Experience (BAS MQ-E), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R)...
May 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541259/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-a-survey-on-clinical-approach-in-the-mediterranean-area
#11
Elena Scarpato, Paolo Quitadamo, Enriqueta Roman, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Sanja Kolacek, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Eleftheria Roma, Raanan Shamir, Michal R B Lev, Branko Lutovac, Veselinka Djurisic, Rok Orel, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Vincenzo Coppola, Enrico Corazziari, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common conditions associated with significant morbidity and high healthcare costs. This multicenter study aimed at assessing the clinical approach to infants (0-6 months) and children/adolescents (4-18 years) with suspected FGIDs by pediatricians from the Mediterranean Area. METHODS: A survey evaluating the diagnostic approach, including the use of Rome II and III criteria, and the therapeutic management of some of the most prevalent FGIDs, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional regurgitation (FR), was distributed to a sample of pediatricians...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540477/-personalization-in-the-medicine-of-the-future-opportunities-and-risks
#12
REVIEW
N P Malek
Personalized medicine is not a new concept. The renaissance of the term is due to the enormous progress in gene sequencing technology and functional imaging, as well as the development of targeted therapies. Application of these technologies in clinical medicine will necessitate infrastructural as well as organizational and educational changes in the healthcare system. An important change required already in the short-term is the introduction of centralized structures, preferably in university clinics, which adopt these innovations and incorporate them into clinical care...
May 24, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539212/improved-adherence-to-a-stepped-care-model-reduces-costs-of-intermittent-claudication-treatment-in-the-netherlands
#13
D Hageman, H J P Fokkenrood, P P M Essers, M J W Koelemay, J C Breek, A C Vahl, M R M Scheltinga, J A W Teijink
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: A previous budget impact analysis regarding a supervised exercise therapy (SET) first treatment strategy (stepped care model [SCM]) for Dutch patients with intermittent claudication (IC) showed a low referral rate in 2009, despite solid evidence of the effectiveness of SET programs. Recently, several campaigns have stimulated stakeholders in the field to adopt a SET first strategy in patients with IC. The aim of the present study was to reassess SCM adherence after a 2 year period...
May 20, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539192/shared-decision-making-and-the-promise-of-a-respectful-and-equitable-healthcare-system-in-peru
#14
Germán Málaga, Zoila O Romero, Ariana S Málaga, Sofia Cuba-Fuentes
Peru has achieved sustained development in the last two decades. However, despite this achievement, it has not been matched with improvements in the quality of education and health; investment in both sectors is among the lowest in the region. This situation perpetuates huge gaps in infrastructure and also conditions a poor literacy level of the population specifically in health. Currently, there is a fragmented model of patient care, in which the systems are exclusive of each other. They do not cooperate or communicate with each other; and if there is no vertical communication within the system, preventing referral of patients directly from the basic level to the complex level of care when needed...
May 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537956/the-differences-in-preference-for-truth-telling-of-patients-with-cancer-of-different-genders
#15
Shih-Ying Chen, Hung-Ming Wang, Woung-Ru Tang
BACKGROUND: Patients' personality traits, especially age, gender, and cancer stage, tend to affect doctors' truth-telling methods. However, there is a lack of studies investigating the influence of patients' gender on truth-telling, especially for Asian cultures. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to qualitatively investigate the differences in preferences for truth-telling for patients with cancer of different genders and explore patients' preferences for decision making...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537206/intelligent-internet-based-information-system-optimises-diabetes-mellitus-management-in-communities
#16
Xuejuan Wei, Hao Wu, Shuqi Cui, Caiying Ge, Li Wang, Hongyan Jia, Wannian Liang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of an intelligent Internet-based information system upon optimising the management of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: In 2015, a T2DM information system was introduced to optimise the management of T2DM patients for 1 year in Fangzhuang community of Beijing, China. A total of 602 T2DM patients who were registered in the health service centre of Fangzhuang community were enrolled based on an isometric sampling technique...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537168/cancer-in-children-and-young-people
#17
(no author information available yet)
This 30-minute online course aims to support nurse practitioners and allied healthcare professionals to identify symptoms and signs that could indicate a malignancy in a child or young person.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535822/social-determinants-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-north-american-indigenous-population-a-review
#18
Kaitlin J Zeiler, Frederick A Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: Given the difficult to navigate literature on social determinants in Indigenous traumatic brain injury (TBI) we wished to identify all available literature on the social determinants of health linked to TBI in the North American Indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a systematically conducted review. We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. A two-step review process of the search results was performed, applying defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535714/non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-vision-for-the-future
#19
Per-Uno Malmström, Sachin Agrawal, Mats Bläckberg, Peter J Boström, Bernard Malavaud, Dirk Zaak, Gregers G Hermann
The management of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) has evolved from the first reports on bladder endoscopy and transurethral resection to the introduction of adjuvant intravesical treatment. However, disease recurrence and progression remain an ongoing risk, placing a heavy burden on healthcare resources and on patients' quality of life. Deeper understanding of the molecular basis of the disease and developments in optics, lasers and computer science are already offering opportunities to revolutionize care and improve long-term prognosis...
February 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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