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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656469/mortality-and-nursing-home-placement-of-dementia-patients-in-rural-and-urban-areas-a-cohort-study-from-the-swedish-dementia-registry
#1
Mandy Roheger, Eva Zupanic, Ingemar Kåreholt, Dorota Religa, Elke Kalbe, Maria Eriksdotter, Sara Garcia-Ptacek
BACKGROUND: Life in rural and urban areas differs in regard to social support and health care. Our aim was to examine the association between nursing home placement and survival of patients with dementia living in urban vs. rural areas. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal cohort study of patients with dementia at time of diagnosis (n = 58 154) and at first follow-up (n = 21 522) including patients registered from 2007 through 2014 in the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
April 14, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656273/the-feasibility-and-concurrent-validity-of-performing-the-movement-assessment-battery-for-children-2nd-edition-via-telerehabilitation-technology
#2
Kristy Nicola, Jemimah Waugh, Emily Charles, Trevor Russell
BACKGROUND: In rural and remote communities children with motor difficulties have less access to rehabilitation services. Telerehabilitation technology is a potential method to overcome barriers restricting access to healthcare in these areas. Assessment is necessary to guide clinical reasoning; however it is unclear which paediatric assessments can be administered remotely. The Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2nd Edition is commonly used by various health professionals to assess motor performance of children...
April 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656039/maternal-adherence-to-guidance-on-breast-milk-collection-process
#3
M Carré, D Dumoulin, R Jounwaz, B Mestdagh, V Pierrat
INTRODUCTION: Breast milk expression with a breast pump increases the risk of contaminating milk with pathogenic bacteria; how to decontaminate breast pumps is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate maternal adherence to updated French guidance on the breast milk collection process, including breast pump decontamination, and to identify potential sources of increased bacterial counts in breast milk in order to improve prevention messages to mothers. METHODS: Descriptive prospective study conducted between November 2015 and April 2016 in a French tertiary perinatal center...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652736/recommendations-and-extraction-of-clinical-variables-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-using-common-data-elements
#4
Pamela Newland, John M Newland, Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Judith M Smith, Brant J Oliver
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to demonstrate the feasibility of using common data elements (CDEs) to search for information on the pediatric patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) and provide recommendations for future quality improvement and research in the use of CDEs for pediatric MS symptom management strategies Methods: The St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH), Washington University (WU) pediatrics data network was evaluated for use of CDEs identified from a database to identify variables in pediatric MS, including the key clinical features from the disease course of MS...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650504/interactive-two-way-mhealth-interventions-for-improving-medication-adherence-an-evaluation-using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-framework
#5
Nicole Chiang, Michael Guo, K Rivet Amico, Lou Atkins, Richard T Lester
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is an important but highly complex set of behaviors, which for life-threatening and infectious diseases such as HIV carry critical consequences for individual and public health. There is growing evidence that mobile phone text messaging interventions (mHealth) connecting providers with patients positively impact medication adherence, particularly two-way engagement platforms that require bidirectional communication versus one-way in which responses are not mandatory...
April 12, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650348/the-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-to-enhance-empathy-for-care-workers-for-people-with-disabilities-a-parallel-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
P S Sterkenburg, V S Vacaru
BACKGROUND: Empathic care is fundamental in healthcare settings and is associated to several positive outcomes for care workers (i.e. burnout, compassion satisfaction) and patients (i.e. therapeutic alliance, trust, wellbeing). Yet, studies showed a decrease in empathy in care workers, which is argued to be a product of personal distress. Thus, interventions should aim at enhancing empathy in care workers working for vulnerable populations to ensure optimal client-carer relationships...
April 4, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649672/leading-up-to-saying-yes-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy-regarding-presurgical-investigation-for-resective-surgery
#7
Patti Shih, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Geoffrey Herkes, Rebecca Mitchell, Rebecca Seah, Virginia Mumford, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Frances Rapport
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with refractory epilepsy who are potential candidates for resective surgery undergo a period of presurgical investigation in tertiary epilepsy centers (TECs), where they engage extensively with healthcare professionals and receive a range of treatment-related information. This qualitative study aimed to examine the experiences of adult patients with refractory epilepsy leading up to and during presurgical investigation and how their perceptions of resective surgery are shaped...
April 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643929/colorectal-cancer-screening-the-role-of-psychological-social-and-background-factors-in-decision-making-process
#8
REVIEW
Giulia Cossu, Luca Saba, Luigi Minerba, Mario Mascalchi
Since ColoRectal Cancer (CRC) remains the third cause of cancer death in the world, a better understanding of the reasons underlying poor adherence to and delay in undergoing CRC screening programs is important. CRC screening decision-making process can be conceptualized as the relationship between intention and behavior and needs to be investigated including the impact on patients' decision of a broad range of psychological factors and personal predisposition as fear of a positive screening test, poor understanding of the procedure, psychological distress, anxiety, anticipation of pain, feelings of embarrassment and vulnerability...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643153/incidence-rate-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-population-based-prospective-active-surveillance-study-in-three-cities-in-south-america
#9
Gustavo Daniel Lopardo, Diego Fridman, Enrique Raimondo, Henry Albornoz, Ana Lopardo, Homero Bagnulo, Daniel Goleniuk, Manuelita Sanabria, Daniel Stamboulian
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence rate and mortality of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults in three cities in Latin America during a 3-year period. DESIGN: Prospective population-based surveillance study. SETTING: Healthcare facilities (outpatient centres and hospitals) in the cities of General Roca (Argentina), Rivera (Uruguay) and Concepción (Paraguay). PARTICIPANTS: 2302 adults aged 18 years and older with CAP were prospectively enrolled between January 2012 and March 2015...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642889/a-methodology-to-extract-outcomes-from-routine-healthcare-data-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Swee-Ling Wong, Kate Ricketts, Gary Royle, Matt Williams, Ruheena Mendes
BACKGROUND: Outcomes for patients in UK with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA NSCLC) are amongst the worst in Europe. Assessing outcomes is important for analysing the effectiveness of current practice. However, data quality is inconsistent and regular large scale analysis is challenging. This project investigates the use of routine healthcare datasets to determine progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with primary radical radiotherapy for LA NSCLC...
April 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#11
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629615/optimal-screening-for-prediction-of-referral-and-outcome-ospro-for-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions-results-from-the-validation-cohort
#12
Steven Z George, Jason M Beneciuk, Trevor A Lentz, Samuel S Wu, Yunfeng Dai, Joel E Bialosky, Giorgio Zeppieri
Study Design Observational, prospective cohort. Background Musculoskeletal pain is a common reason to seek healthcare and earlier non-pharmacological treatment and enhancement of personalized care options are two high priority areas. Validating concise assessment tools is an important step in establishing better care pathways. Objectives To determine the predictive validity of Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome (OSPRO) tools for individuals with neck, low back, shoulder, or knee pain. Methods A convenience sample (n = 440) was gathered by Orthopaedic Physical Therapy-Investigator Network clinics (n = 9)...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629409/genital-herpes-stigma-toward-the-measurement-and-validation-of-a-highly-prevalent-yet-hidden-public-health-problem
#13
Katie Wang, Abigail Merin, H Jonathon Rendina, John E Pachankis
Despite its highly prevalent and stigmatizing nature, genital herpes has received little attention from stigma researchers relative to other sexually transmitted infections. This limitation is of great relevance to researchers and practitioners in both clinical and healthcare settings, given that stigma can cause psychological distress and hinder disclosure to sexual partners, hence contributing to the spread of genital herpes. The present research developed and examined the psychometric properties of a quantitative measure of genital herpes stigma...
February 2018: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629189/trust-fear-stigma-and-disruptions-community-perceptions-and-experiences-during-periods-of-low-but-ongoing-transmission-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-sierra-leone-2015
#14
Azizeh Nuriddin, Mohamed F Jalloh, Erika Meyer, Rebecca Bunnell, Franklin A Bio, Mohammad B Jalloh, Paul Sengeh, Kathy M Hageman, Dianna D Carroll, Lansana Conteh, Oliver Morgan
Social mobilisation and risk communication were essential to the 2014-2015 West African Ebola response. By March 2015, >8500 Ebola cases and 3370 Ebola deaths were confirmed in Sierra Leone. Response efforts were focused on 'getting to zero and staying at zero'. A critical component of this plan was to deepen and sustain community engagement. Several national quantitative studies conducted during this time revealed Ebola knowledge, personal prevention practices and traditional burial procedures improved as the outbreak waned, but healthcare system challenges were also noted...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628957/hardiness-and-optimism-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#15
Masoud Bahrami, Soheila Mohamadirizi, Shahla Mohamadirizi
Background: Hardiness and optimism are two general health promoting factors, which enable the individuals to remain both psychologically and physically healthy despite encountering negative life events. But there is lack of knowledge about the current state of these constructs and their relationship in breast cancer patients in an Iranian context. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study which was completed in Sayyed-AL-Shohda Hospital affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2015...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628481/the-association-between-metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-the-risk-of-proteinuria-the-kansai-healthcare-study
#16
Shinichiro Uehara, Kyoko Kogawa Sato, Hideo Koh, Mikiko Shibata, Shigeki Kinuhata, Akiko Yamada, Keiko Oue, Hiroshi Kambe, Michio Morimoto, Tomoshige Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Metabolically healthy obesity seems to be a unique phenotype for the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. However, it is not known whether this phenotype is associated with the risk of proteinuria. METHODS: Study subjects were 9,185 non-diabetic Japanese male workers aged 40-55 years who had no proteinuria, an estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 , no history of cancer, and no use of antihypertensive or lipid-lowering medications at baseline...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#17
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626801/study-protocol-a-montessori-approach-to-dementia-related-non-residential-respite-services-in-australia
#18
Andrew Hanna, James Donnelly, Christina Aggar
Given the social burden and significant cost of dementia care in Australia, finding evidence-based approaches that improve outcomes, maintain independence, and reduce the impact on patients and families is essential. Finding effective ways to train and assist the healthcare staff who support these individuals is also critical, as they are considered to be at risk of workplace stress, burnout, and other psychological disturbances which negatively affects standards of care. The current paper describes a protocol for evaluating the effects of a Montessori-based approach to dementia care, in non-residential respite centres...
March 27, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626403/providers-and-patients-caught-between-standardization-and-individualization-individualized-standardization-as-a-solution-comment-on-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#19
Lena Ansmann, Holger Pfaff
In their 2017 article, Mannion and Exworthy provide a thoughtful and theory-based analysis of two parallel trends in modern healthcare systems and their competing and conflicting logics: standardization and customization. This commentary further discusses the challenge of treatment decision-making in times of evidence-based medicine (EBM), shared decision-making and personalized medicine. From the perspective of systems theory, we propose the concept of individualized standardization as a solution to the problem...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625626/characteristics-and-status-of-korean-medicine-use-in-whiplash-associated-disorder-patients
#20
Nohyeon Kim, Byung-Cheul Shin, Joon-Shik Shin, Jinho Lee, Yoon Jae Lee, Me-Riong Kim, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Chan Yung Jung, Diana Ruan, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: Patients are free to choose conventional or Korean medicine treatment under the dual medical system in Korea, and the prevalence of patients who choose Korean medicine treatment for whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) is high. This study analyzed the sociodemographic characteristics and medical service use in this population to provide healthcare providers with basic usage information of complementary and alternative medicine for WAD. METHODS: A total of 8291 outpatients who registered under automobile insurance coverage and visited the main branch of Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine from April 1, 2014 to August 10, 2016 were included...
April 6, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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