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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926908/community-perceptions-of-biobanking-participation-a-qualitative-study-among-mexican-americans-in-three-texas-cities
#1
Natalia I Heredia, Sarah Krasny, Larkin L Strong, Laura Von Hatten, Lynne Nguyen, Belinda M Reininger, Lorna H McNeill, María E Fernández
BACKGROUND: Most biospecimens in the US are collected from non-Hispanic Whites, limiting the generalizability of findings. There is a need to increase participation in biobanking among ethnic and racial minorities. The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to identify factors that may influence Mexican-American individuals' willingness to participate in biobanking. METHODS: We conducted 15 focus groups in three Texas cities with Mexican-American individuals, in both Spanish and English...
December 8, 2016: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926907/mammalian-meiotic-recombination-a-toolbox-for-genome-evolution
#2
Laia Capilla, Montserrat Garcia Caldés, Aurora Ruiz-Herrera
Meiotic recombination is a process that increases genetic diversity and is fundamental for sexual reproduction. Determining by which mechanisms genetic variation is generated and maintained across different phylogenetic groups provides the basis for our understanding of biodiversity and evolution. In this review, we go through different aspects of this essential phenomenon, paying special attention to mammals. We provide a comprehensive view on the organization of meiotic chromosomes and the mechanisms involved in the formation and genomic distribution of recombination hotspots, focusing on the factors influencing the formation and repair of the massive amount of self-induced DNA breaks in early stages of meiosis...
December 8, 2016: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926745/a-retrospective-examination-of-the-effect-of-diabetes-on-sensory-processing-in-older-adults
#3
Larry E Humes
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to examine retrospectively the impact of diabetes mellitus on auditory, visual, and tactile processing in older adults. Method: Fourteen (10.4%) of a sample of 135 older adults self-reported the presence of diabetes mellitus in a study of sensory and cognitive processing across the adult lifespan. In this study, the performance of the subgroup with diabetes on a number of psychophysical sensory-processing measures was compared with that of the 121 older adults without diabetes...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#4
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926663/the-impact-of-value-based-healthcare-for-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-on-healthcare-utilization-a-pilot-study
#5
Welmoed K van Deen, Arlen Spiro, A Burak Ozbay, Martha Skup, Adriana Centeno, Natalie E Duran, Precious N Lacey, Darius Jatulis, Eric Esrailian, Martijn G H van Oijen, Daniel W Hommes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Value-based healthcare (VBHC) is considered to be the solution that will improve quality and decrease costs in healthcare. Many hospitals are implementing programs on the basis of this strategy, but rigorous scientific reports are still lacking. In this pilot study, we present the first-year outcomes of a VBHC program for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management that focuses on highly coordinated care, task differentiation of providers, and continuous home monitoring...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926626/frailty-assessed-by-the-forecast-is-a-valid-tool-to-predict-short-term-outcome-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#6
Adrian R Kobe, Alexander Meyer, Hassan Elmubarak, Jörg Kempfert, Jovana Pavicevic, Francesco Maisano, Thomas Walther, Volkmar Falk, Simon H Sündermann
OBJECTIVE: The term frailty is frequently used during decision-making in transcatheter heart valve procedures. Nevertheless, frailty is still measured by eyeballing rather than by using standardized frailty assessments. In a previous study, we developed a frailty score in a cardiac surgical patient population including patients, who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Here, we present the results from the subsequent validation study focusing on the TAVR cohort. METHODS: One hundred thirty patients underwent TAVR...
December 6, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926352/3d-laparoscopy-in-neonates-and-infants
#7
Yury Kozlov, Konstantin Kovalkov, Vladimir Nowogilov
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the successful application of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgeries in the treatment of congenital anomalies and acquired diseases in the young pediatric population. The purpose of this scientific work consists in highlighting the spectrum, indications, applicability, and effectiveness of 3D endosurgery in children. METHODS: Our experience is based on 110 endosurgical procedures performed in neonates and infants in the 3D format between January 2014 and May 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925868/overlapping-buprenorphine-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-prescriptions-among-veterans-dually-enrolled-in-va-and-medicare-part-d
#8
Walid F Gellad, Xinhua Zhao, Carolyn T Thorpe, Joshua M Thorpe, Florentina E Sileanu, John P Cashy, Maria Mor, Jennifer A Hale, Thomas Radomski, Leslie R M Hausmann, Michael J Fine, Chester B Good
BACKGROUND: Buprenorphine is a key tool in the management of opioid use disorder, but there are growing concerns about abuse, diversion and safety. These concerns are amplified for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), whose patients may receive care concurrently from multiple prescribers within and outside VA. To illustrate the extent of this challenge, we examined overlapping prescriptions for buprenorphine, opioids, and benzodiazepines among Veterans dually enrolled in VA and Medicare Part D...
December 7, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925670/limited-abdominal-sonography-for-evaluation-of-children-with-right-lower-quadrant-pain
#9
Martha M Munden, Shannon Wai, Michael C DiStefano, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a complete abdominal sonographic examination is necessary in the evaluation of children with right lower quadrant pain that is suspicious for appendicitis in the emergency department and whether performing a limited, more-focused study would miss clinically important disease. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective study was performed of 704 patients, from ages 5-19 years, presenting to the emergency department with right lower quadrant pain that was suspicious for appendicitis who underwent a complete abdominal sonographic examination...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#10
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925606/increasing-awareness-and-acceptance-through-mindfulness-and-somatic-education-movements
#11
Paulo Vicente Bloise, Mário César Rezende Andrade, Hans Machado, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
Context • The main feature of mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is the encouragement of present moment awareness and of self-regulation, which are associated with health benefits. Meditating with the body in movement has been referred to as one of the most accessible ways of reaching such awareness. An MBI program, Mindfulness and Movements of Integration (MMI), has the same structure as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) but puts more emphasis on the body and uses somatic education (SE) movements instead of yoga postures...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925382/moving-beyond-not-enough-time-factors-influencing-paediatric-clinicians-participation-in-research
#12
Simon Paul Paget, Patrina Hy Caldwell, Joyce Murphy, Kimberley J Lilischkis, Angie M Morrow
BACKGROUND: Increasing the amount of clinical research that occurs in healthcare settings has been identified as an important mechanism to improve healthcare outcomes. While clinicians are key persons in achieving this aim, research participation amongst clinicians is generally limited. AIMS: To identify the factors (barriers and facilitators) influencing clinician research participation and determine how professional culture impacts on these factors. METHODS: Forty clinicians working at a tertiary children's hospital participated in six discipline-specific focus groups...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925381/doctors-use-of-mobile-devices-in-the-clinical-setting-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Arany Nerminathan, Amanda Harrison, Megan Phelps, Karen M Scott
AIM: To explore how doctors use mobile devices in the clinical setting and understand drivers for use. METHODS: A mixed methods study was used with doctors in a paediatric and adult teaching hospital in 2013. A paper based survey examined mobile device usage data by doctors in the clinical setting. Focus groups explored doctors' reasons for using or refraining from using mobile devices in the clinical setting, and their attitudes about others' use. RESULTS: The survey, completed by 109 doctors, showed that 91% owned a smartphone and 88% used their mobile devices frequently in the clinical setting...
December 7, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925370/the-role-of-enjoyment-in-exercise-for-people-with-arthritis-four-different-viewpoints-from-a-q-methodology-study
#14
Julia R Kibblewhite, Roisin S M Hegarty, Simon Stebbings, Gareth J Treharne
PURPOSE: There is limited research on the role of enjoyment of exercise among people with arthritis. The aim of the present study was to determine distinct viewpoints on exercise held by people with arthritis, and how enjoyment features in these viewpoints. METHODS: A Q-methodology study was conducted, which involved two interviews with people with rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis or ankylosing spondylitis (aged 20-85 years). In the first interviews, 11 participants helped to create the Q-set, a set of statements reflecting a range of existing views on exercising...
December 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925149/behavioural-interventions-to-promote-workers-use-of-respiratory-protective-equipment
#15
REVIEW
Bao Yen Luong Thanh, Malinee Laopaiboon, David Koh, Pornpun Sakunkoo, Hla Moe
BACKGROUND: Respiratory hazards are common in the workplace. Depending on the hazard and exposure, the health consequences may include: mild to life-threatening illnesses from infectious agents, acute effects ranging from respiratory irritation to chronic lung conditions, or even cancer from exposure to chemicals or toxins. Use of respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is an important preventive measure in many occupational settings. RPE only offers protection when worn properly, when removed safely and when it is either replaced or maintained regularly...
December 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925137/longitudinal-association-between-selenium-levels-and-hypertension-in-a-rural-elderly-chinese-cohort
#16
L Su, Y Jin, F W Unverzagt, C Liang, Y Cheng, A M Hake, D Kuruppu, F Ma, J Liu, C Chen, J Bian, P Li, S Gao
OBJECTIVES: Results from previous studies have been inconsistent on the association between selenium and hypertension, and very few studies on this subject have focused on the elderly population. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between selenium level and hypertension in a rural elderly Chinese cohort. DESIGN: A longitudinal study was implemented and data were analyzed using logistic regression models and Cox proportional hazards regression model adjusting for potential confounders...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925125/-the-aran%C3%A3-s-in-mid-jequitinhonha-socioeconomic-demographic-and-sanitary-aspects-of-a-landless-indigenous-population
#17
Laís Santos de Magalhães Cardoso, Ana Carolina Lanza Queiroz, João Luiz Pena, George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho, Léo Heller
The lack of epidemiological and environmental data on Brazilian indigenous populations is a challenge for the elaboration of public policy. This lack of data is more acute for "landless" indigenous groups. From this perspective, it was considered relevant to describe the Aranã, a landless indigenous group living in Minas Gerais, focusing on the demographic, socioeconomic and sanitary dimensions. A household survey was conducted. The data collected were analyzed and compared with those from other national ethnic groups...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925076/experience-and-coping-strategies-in-relatives-of-addicts
#18
Ana Lucia de Moraes Horta, Celina Daspett, Julia Horta Tabosa do Egito, Rosa Maria Stefanini de Macedo
Objective: to understand the experience and coping strategies in relatives of drug addicts. Method: a study was developed with 87 relatives of addicts, registered in two Basic Health Units. The focus group was used as the study method, and content analysis was applied. Results: four categories were chosen: perception of relatives about the drug addiction of their family members; feelings and attitudes related to being a relative of an addict; difficulties found in the process; and, coping strategies...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925015/trends-in-freshwater-microcrustaceans-studies-in-brazil-between-1990-and-2014
#19
W M Silva, G Perbiche-Neves
This study presents a review of scientiometric data about freshwater microcrustaceans (Copepoda, Ostracoda, Branchiopoda: Cladocera, Anostraca, Notostraca and Conchostraca) in Brazil from 1990-2014. This review is based on 179 papers published across four databases, using the following keywords in the search: microcrustaceans, Copepoda, Cyclopoida, Calanoida, Harpacticoida, Ergasilidae, Daphniidae, Moinidae, Cladocera, Ostracoda, Conchostraca, zooplankton, reservoir, river, ponds, reservoirs, wetlands, caves, lakes, limnology, ecology, aquatic, taxonomy, systematics, morphology and biogeography...
December 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924809/global-molecular-epidemiology-and-genetic-diversity-of-fusarium-a-significant-emerging-group-of-human-opportunists-from-1958-to-2015
#20
Abdullah Ms Al-Hatmi, Ferry Hagen, Steph Bj Menken, Jacques F Meis, G Sybren de Hoog
Fusarium is a rapidly emerging, multidrug-resistant genus of fungal opportunists that was first identified in 1958 and is presently recognized in numerous cases of fusariosis each year. The authors examined trends in global Fusarium distribution, clinical presentation and prevalence since 1958 with the assumption that their distributions in each region had remained unaltered. The phylogeny and epidemiology of 127 geographically diverse isolates, representing 26 Fusarium species, were evaluated using partial sequences of the RPB2 and TEF1 genes, and compared with AFLP fingerprinting data...
December 7, 2016: Emerging Microbes & Infections
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