keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Focus group

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475006/glutamine-up-regulates-pancreatic-sodium-dependent-neutral-aminoacid-transporter-2-and-mitigates-islets-apoptosis-in-diabetic-rats
#1
Zekrayat J H Medras, Norhan M El-Sayed, Sawsan A Zaitone, Eman A Toraih, Manal M Sami, Yasser M Moustafa
BACKGROUND: Glutamine aminoacid regulates insulin exocytosis from pancreatic β-cells. Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue that has fascinated function in inhibiting β-cell apoptosis and preserving pancreatic β-cell mass. The present study investigated the benefit of adding glutamine to a regimen of liraglutide in diabetic rats focusing on their role in increasing insulin production and upregulation of the expression of sodium-dependent neutral aminoacid transporter-2 (SNAT2)...
October 25, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474894/the-two-processes-underlying-the-testing-effect-evidence-from-event-related-potentials-erps
#2
Xiaonan L Liu, Deborah H Tan, Lynne M Reder
Theoretical explanations of the testing effect (why people learn better from a test than a re-study) have largely focused on either the benefit of attempting to retrieve the answer or on the benefit of re-encoding the queried information after a successful retrieval. While a less parsimonious account, prior neuroimaging evidence has led us to postulate that both of these processes contribute to the benefit of testing over re-study. To provide further empirical support for our position, we recorded ERPs while subjects attempted to recall the second word of a pair when cued with the first...
February 20, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474685/process-evaluation-of-the-healthesteps%C3%A2-lifestyle-prescription-program
#3
Wendy Blunt, Dawn P Gill, Brendan Riggin, Judith Belle Brown, Robert J Petrella
Physical inactivity, sedentary behavior, and poor diet are contributing to the rise in chronic disease rates throughout the world. HealtheSteps™ is a lifestyle prescription program focused on reducing risk factors for chronic disease through in-person coaching sessions, goal setting and tracking, and technology supports. A process evaluation was conducted alongside a pragmatic randomized controlled trial to: (a) explore the acceptability of HealtheSteps™ program from coach and participant perspectives; and (b) identify where the program can be improved...
February 21, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474510/nudging-and-social-marketing-techniques-encourage-employees-to-make-healthier-food-choices-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-30-worksite-cafeterias-in-the-netherlands
#4
Elizabeth Velema, Ellis L Vyth, Trynke Hoekstra, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
Background: Currently, many studies focus on how the environment can be changed to encourage healthier eating behavior, referred to as choice architecture or "nudging." However, to date, these strategies are not often investigated in real-life settings, such as worksite cafeterias, or are only done so on a short-term basis. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of a healthy worksite cafeteria ["worksite cafeteria 2.0" (WC 2...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474470/antibiotic-use-knowledge-and-health-literacy-among-the-general-population-in-berlin-germany-and-its-surrounding-rural-areas
#5
Florian Salm, Clemens Ernsting, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Melanie Kanzler, Petra Gastmeier, Paul Gellert
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge concerning antibiotic use in the general population is insufficient. The way health literacy is related to antibiotic use aside from knowledge needs further investigation. Our aim was to compare the levels of knowledge of antibiotics and health literacy in individuals who had taken antibiotics in recent years compared with those who not had taken antibiotics. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional survey of 2,000 individuals aged 35 and older from Berlin, Germany and its surrounding rural and suburban areas (response rate 59%) with strata urban/rural, sex, age, and education...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474441/expressive-writing-intervention-and-self-reported-physical-health-out-comes-results-from-a-nationwide-randomized-controlled-trial-with-breast-cancer-patients
#6
Mikael B Jensen-Johansen, Mia S O'Toole, Søren Christensen, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Sandra Zakowski, Dana H Bovbjerg, Anders B Jensen, Robert Zachariae
The objective was to examine the effect of Expressive Writing Intervention (EWI) on self-reported physical symptoms and healthcare utilization in a nationwide randomized controlled trial with Danish women treated for primary breast cancer, and to explore participant characteristics related to emotion regulation as possible moderators of the effect. Women who had recently completed treatment for primary breast cancer (n = 507) were randomly assigned to three 20 min. home-based writing exercises, one week apart, focusing on emotional disclosure (EWI) of a distressing experience (their cancer or a non-cancer topic) or a non-disclosing topic (control)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474416/primate-social-attention-species-differences-and-effects-of-individual-experience-in-humans-great-apes-and-macaques
#7
Fumihiro Kano, Stephen V Shepherd, Satoshi Hirata, Josep Call
When viewing social scenes, humans and nonhuman primates focus on particular features, such as the models' eyes, mouth, and action targets. Previous studies reported that such viewing patterns vary significantly across individuals in humans, and also across closely-related primate species. However, the nature of these individual and species differences remains unclear, particularly among nonhuman primates. In large samples of human and nonhuman primates, we examined species differences and the effects of experience on patterns of gaze toward social movies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474399/exploring-the-relative-contributions-of-reward-history-and-functionality-information-to-children-s-acquisition-of-the-aesop-s-fable-task
#8
Elsa Loissel, Lucy G Cheke, Nicola S Clayton
Investigation of tool-using behaviours has long been a means by which to explore causal reasoning in children and nonhuman animals. Much of the recent research has focused on the "Aesop's Fable" paradigm, in which objects must be dropped into water to bring a floating reward within reach. An underlying problem with these, as with many causal reasoning studies, is that functionality information and reward history are confounded: a tool that is functionally useful is also rewarded, while a tool that is not functionally useful is not rewarded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474316/autoantibodies-against-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-1-in-health-and-disease
#9
Hannelore Ehrenreich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Humoral autoimmunity has gained highest interest in neurology and psychiatry. Despite numerous recent articles on this hot topic, however, the biological significance of natural autoantibodies (AB) and the normal autoimmune repertoire of mammals remained quite obscure. AB may contribute to disorder-relevant phenotypes and are even believed to induce diseases themselves, but the circumstances under which AB become pathogenic are not fully understood. This review will focus on the highly frequent AB against the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1-AB) as an illustrating example and provide a critical overview of current work (please note that the new nomenclature, GluN1, is disregarded here for consistency with the AB literature)...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474212/a-different-perspective-anesthesia-for-extreme-premature-infants-is-there-an-age-limitation-or-how-low-should-we-go
#10
Per-Arne Lönnqvist
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To put in perspective, the various challenges that faces pediatric anesthesiologists because of the recently lowered limits with regards to the viability of a fetus. Both medical and ethical considerations will be highlighted. RECENT FINDINGS: Issues related to: who should anesthetize these tiny babies; can we provide adequate and legal monitoring during the anesthetic; does these immature babies need hypnosis and amnesia and the moral/ethical implications associated with being involved with care of doubtful long-term outcome are reviewed...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474153/consumers-use-of-personal-electronic-devices-in-the-kitchen
#11
Amy M Lando, Michael C Bazaco, Yi Chen
Smartphones, tablets, and other personal electronic devices have become ubiquitous in Americans' daily lives. These devices are used by people throughout the day, including while preparing food. For example, a device may be used to look at recipes and therefore be touched multiple times during food preparation. Previous research has indicated that cell phones can harbor bacteria, including opportunistic human pathogens such as Staphylococcus and Klebsiella spp. This investigation was conducted with data from the 2016 Food Safety Survey (FSS) and from subsequent focus groups to determine the frequency with which consumers use personal electronic devices in the kitchen while preparing food, the types of devices used, and hand washing behaviors after handling these devices...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474117/improving-provider-communication-about-hpv-vaccines-for-vaccine-hesitant-parents-through-the-use-of-motivational-interviewing
#12
Jenna E Reno, Sean O'Leary, Kathleen Garrett, Jennifer Pyrzanowski, Steven Lockhart, Elizabeth Campagna, Juliana Barnard, Amanda F Dempsey
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake is below that of other routine adolescent vaccines. This is due in part to the fact that the HPV vaccine is often not routinely recommended by providers to all eligible adolescents. While providers' recommendations are crucial, even a strongly stated recommendation can be insufficient among HPV vaccine-hesitant parents. Providers must be prepared to respond to parental concerns following giving the recommendation for the HPV vaccine. This paper presents the analysis of implementation of an intervention aimed at improving provider communication with HPV vaccine-hesitant parents...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473966/beyond-abstinence-changes-in-indices-of-quality-of-life-with-time-in-recovery-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-u-s-adults
#13
John F Kelly, M Claire Greene, Brandon G Bergman
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and recovery research typically have focused narrowly on changes in alcohol/drug use (e.g., "percent days abstinent") with little attention on changes in functioning or well-being. Furthermore, little is known about whether and when such changes may occur, and for whom, as people progress in recovery. Greater knowledge would improve understanding of recovery milestones and points of vulnerability and growth. METHODS: National, probability-based, cross-sectional sample of U...
February 23, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473898/australia-s-ongoing-legacy-of-asbestos-significant-challenges-remain-even-after-the-complete-banning-of-asbestos-almost-fifteen-years-ago
#14
Matthew Soeberg, Deborah A Vallance, Victoria Keena, Ken Takahashi, James Leigh
The most effective way of reducing the global burden of asbestos-related diseases is through the implementation of asbestos bans and minimising occupational and non-occupational exposure to respirable asbestos fibres. Australia's asbestos consumption peaked in the 1970s with Australia widely thought to have had among the highest per-capita asbestos consumption level of any country. Australia's discontinuation of all forms of asbestos and asbestos-containing products and materials did not occur at a single point of time...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473889/a-qualitative-investigation-to-underpin-the-development-of-an-electronic-tool-to-assess-nutrition-literacy-in-australians-adults
#15
Alyssa M Cassar, Gareth S Denyer, Helen T O'Connor, Janelle A Gifford
Nutrition literacy is linked to health via its influence on dietary intake. There is a need for a tool to assess nutrition literacy in research and dietetic practice. We sought guidance from nutrition professionals on topic areas and features of an electronic nutrition literacy assessment tool for Australian adults. 28 experienced nutrition professionals engaged in a range of nutrition and dietetic work areas participated in six focus groups using a semi-structured interview schedule. Data were analysed using an inductive approach using NVivo 10 (QSR International, Pty Ltd...
February 23, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473860/carcinoembryonic-antigen-serum-levels-in-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#16
Saverio Latteri, Vito Emanuele Catania, Giulia Malaguarnera, Andrea Peri, Gaetano Bertino, Giuseppe Frazzetto, Antonio Maria Borzì, Antonio Biondi, Rosario Emanuele Perrotta, Michele Malaguarnera
BACKGROUND: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a glycoprotein, which is present in the foetal colon, some benign conditions and different malignancies, particularly in colon adenocarcinoma. We focused this study on non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). NMSC is a common malignancy and it is an important source of morbidity and death in the world. In this study we evaluated whether CEA level increases in NMSC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 566 patients with non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) were enrolled; 286 patients with NMSC showed CEA levels above normal values, and 280 showed CEA levels below normal values...
February 23, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473839/sulphated-flavonoids-biosynthesis-structures-and-biological-activities
#17
REVIEW
Yanna C F Teles, Maria Sallett R Souza, Maria de Fátima Vanderlei de Souza
The great diversity of enzymatic reactions in plant secondary metabolism allows the continuous discovery of new natural compounds and derivatives. Flavonoids, for example, can be found as aglycone or as several sorts of glycosylated, acetylated, methylated, and sulphated derivatives. This review focuses on sulphated flavonoids, an uncommon group of flavonoid derivatives found in some plant families. This work presents a compilation of sulphated flavonoids and their natural sources reported in the literature...
February 23, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473715/a-multi-national-qualitative-research-study-exploring-the-patient-experience-of-raynaud-s-phenomenon-in-systemic-sclerosis
#18
John D Pauling, Robyn T Domsic, Lesley A Saketkoo, Celia Almeida, Jane Withey, Hilary Jay, Tracy M Frech, Francesca Ingegnoli, Emma Dures, Joanna Robson, Neil J McHugh, Ariane L Herrick, Marco Matucci-Cerinic, Dinesh Khanna, Sarah Hewlett
OBJECTIVES: Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is the commonest manifestation of systemic sclerosis (SSc). RP is an episodic phenomenon, not easily assessed in the clinic, leading to reliance on self-report. A thorough understanding of the patient experience of SSc-RP is essential to ensuring patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments capture domains important to the target patient population. We report the findings of an international qualitative research study investigating the patient experience of SSc-RP...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473531/diabetic-complications-and-insight-into-antidiabetic-potentialities-of-ethno-medicinal-plants-a-review
#19
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Sarfaraz Iqbal, Syed Bilal Shah, Tahir Rasheed, Hafiz M N Iqbal
BACKGROUND: The naturally inspired treatment options for several disease conditions and human-health related disorders such as diabetes mellitus have gained considerable research interest. In this context, naturally occurring plants and herbs with medicinal functionalities have gained special place than ever before in the current medicinal world. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to extend the current knowledge in the clinical field related to the diabetic complications...
February 21, 2018: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473499/natural-aristolochia-alkaloid-aristololactam-%C3%AE-d-glucoside-interaction-with-biomacromolecules-and-correlation-to-the-biological-perspectives
#20
Abhi Das, Gopinatha Suresh Kumar
Backgound: Natural aristolochia alkaloids have attracted the attention of both chemists and biologists from the stand point of their structural and pharmacological aspects. Many of the compounds isolated in this group are potent tumor inhibitors. These are divided into nitrophenanthrinic acid, phenanthrene lactams and isoquinoline alkaloids. A number of structure-activity studies have been performed on aristolochia alkaloids. Of particular interest is the molecule with the β-D-glucoside moiety that has similarity to the clinical anticancer agent daunomycin...
February 22, 2018: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
keyword
keyword
105727
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"