Read by QxMD icon Read

Focus group

Mary Claire Heffron, Diane Reynolds, Bronwyn Talbot
This article proposes how group reflective supervision, informed by the theory of reflective functioning, may provide a powerful method for developing reflective capacity of staff serving families, infants, and young children in multidisciplinary settings. An explanation of reflective functioning, related research, and its relevance to relational treatment and preventive intervention are discussed. Other approaches to reflective practice are referenced. We describe the necessary tension and encounters with distressing affect that mark reflective supervision groups using this focus...
October 26, 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Solimar Figueroa, Julie Gardner, Jose Irizarry, Tanya Cohn
BACKGROUND: The transition to practice for new graduate nurses poses distinct challenges at the point of care. The complicated work environment necessitates a preceptorship model that maintains safety at all times. METHOD: This study used survey, focus groups, and interviews to assess the effects of the married state preceptorship model (MSPM) on the experiences and perceptions of the new nurses and preceptors in a hospital setting. RESULTS: The result validated the original findings from the new nurses' survey, indicating all (N = 28, 100%) of the new nurses found the MSPM to be beneficial, promote safety, and lessen anxiety, and 27 (96%) thought it helped them to assume a full patient load...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Christine L Latham, Harsimran Singh, Karen K Ringl
BACKGROUND: A structured peer-mentoring program for diverse nursing students culminated in shared governance meetings between mentors and program coordinators to address mentees' concerns and issues. METHOD: After informed consent, mentees reviewed mentor profiles online and selected mentors. Baseline data were collected on ethnic identity, lifestyle, social support, and academic habits. Outcome data included mentors' self-reflective journal themes and student satisfaction surveys and focus group evaluation of the program...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Alyne Leite Gomes Nogueira, Denize Bouttelet Munari, Cinira Magali Fortuna, Leidiene Ferreira Santos
Objective: to analyze the aspects that potentialize groups in Primary Health Care according to their coordinators and participants. Method: This is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach, conducted with a health promotion group affiliated with a Family Health Unit. The data were collected by means of focus groups with participants and community workers who were submitted to thematic content analysis. Results: the analysis gave rise to three thematic categories: The group is our medicine; Healthy living and learning; and Priceless leadership...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Sheila Mara Pedrosa, Mary Lopes Reis, Daniela Tavares Gontijo, Sheila Araújo Teles, Marcelo Medeiros
Objective: the objective of this study was to understand the meaning of the harmful use of crack by people undergoing addiction treatment. Method: qualitative approach of social research on strategic modality was used. Field observation, preparation of field diary and focus groups, and data analysis through the method of interpreting meaning were carried out. Results: the results contributed to the construction of three thematic categories: "The discovery of crack and other drugs" that describes the experimentation with crack and other drugs; "The pain of the pleasure", key category that describes the moments after crack experimentation and that, many times, turns into addiction, which leads the person into a cycle of short periods of attempts at abstinence, relapse, and relentless consumption; and "Return to normal life"...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Daniele Rimini, Filippo Molinari, William Liboni, Marina Balbo, Roberta Darò, Erika Viotti, Isabel Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic treatment resolving emotional distress caused by traumatic events. With EMDR, information processing is facilitated by eye movements (EM) during the recall of a traumatic memory (RECALL). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of ocular movements of EMDR on the hemodynamics of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups were recruited: a trial group (wEM) received a complete EMDR treatment, whereas a control group (woEM) received a therapy without EM...
2016: PloS One
Douglas Matsunaga, Parameswaran G Sreekumar, Keijiro Ishikawa, Hiroto Terasaki, Ernesto Barron, Pinchas Cohen, Ram Kannan, David R Hinton
Humanin (HN) is a small mitochondrial-encoded peptide with neuroprotective properties. We have recently shown protection of retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) cells by HN in oxidative stress; however, the effect of HN on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has not been evaluated in any cell type. Our aim here was to study the effect of HN on ER stress-induced apoptosis in RPE cells with a specific focus on ER-mitochondrial cross-talk. Dose dependent effects of ER stressors (tunicamycin (TM), brefeldin A, and thapsigargin) were studied after 12 hr of treatment in confluent primary human RPE cells with or without 12 hr of HN pretreatment (1-20 μg/mL)...
2016: PloS One
Ann-Sophie Schott, Jürgen Behr, Jennifer Quinn, Rudi F Vogel
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are widely used as starter cultures in the manufacture of foods. Upon preparation, these cultures undergo various stresses resulting in losses of survival and fitness. In order to find conditions for the subsequent identification of proteomic biomarkers and their exploitation for preconditioning of strains, we subjected Lactobacillus (Lb.) paracasei subsp. paracasei TMW 1.1434 (F19) to different stress qualities (osmotic stress, oxidative stress, temperature stress, pH stress and starvation stress)...
2016: PloS One
Ljerka Lah, Daronja Trense, Harald Benke, Per Berggren, Þorvaldur Gunnlaugsson, Christina Lockyer, Ayaka Öztürk, Bayram Öztürk, Iwona Pawliczka, Anna Roos, Ursula Siebert, Krzysztof Skóra, Gísli Víkingsson, Ralph Tiedemann
The population structure of the highly mobile marine mammal, the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), in the Atlantic shelf waters follows a pattern of significant isolation-by-distance. The population structure of harbor porpoises from the Baltic Sea, which is connected with the North Sea through a series of basins separated by shallow underwater ridges, however, is more complex. Here, we investigated the population differentiation of harbor porpoises in European Seas with a special focus on the Baltic Sea and adjacent waters, using a population genomics approach...
2016: PloS One
Omer Kirshenboim, Sebastian Kozuch
Halogen bonds (XB) are no longer newcomers in the chemistry family. However, XB in hypervalent halogens has not been thoroughly studied. We provide a molecular orbital explanation of the shape and strength of XBs in hypervalent halogens and other species, focusing on the charge transfer and electrostatic aspects of these bonds. Our results show that σ-holes (and subsequently the XBs associated with them) can be easily divided and bent by the influence of equatorial substituents. Inductive effect of both the equatorial and axial groups can affect these distortions, but also the angle between the equatorial ligands has a large influence on the shape of the σ-holes and the molecular orbitals acting as electron acceptor...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Anik Dube, Greg Harris, Jacqueline Gahagan, Shelley Doucet
OBJECTIVES: The Our Youth Our Response (OYOR) study explored the scope and accessibility of existing youth-oriented human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis C (HCV) prevention in Atlantic Canada. METHODS: A cross-provincial, qualitative population health and gender-based analytic approach was used in this study. Four hundred and twenty-five documents were part of the initial scoping review, while 47 in-depth interviews across youth-relevant sectors were undertaken to explore the perceptions related to current approaches to youth-oriented HIV/HCV prevention policies and programs...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Su Niu, Long Cheng, Yan Qiao, Yu-Fei Fu, Chi Cao
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the clinical effectiveness of combined stent insertion and high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with malignant obstructive jaundice (MOJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2015, consecutive patients with inoperable MOJ underwent biliary stent with or without HIFU ablation in our center. Treatment-related complications, stent patency time, and survival time were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS: During the enrolled time, a total of 51 patients with MOJ underwent biliary stent with HIFU ablation (n=24) or biliary stent only (n=27) in our center...
October 25, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Jeffrey E Janis, Jenny C Barker
BACKGROUND: The reproducible benefits of mentoring to mentees have been studied extensively. However, insights from the mentor perspective are less well described. This study evaluates mentorship of plastic surgery medical students from the attending surgeon's perspective. A comparison is made with a previous publication evaluating mentorship from the medical student's perspective. METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to 1025 active members of the American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons (ACAPS) and the American Association of Plastic Surgeons (AAPS), with a combined response rate of 23 percent...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Nikhil Sobti, Eric C Liao
BACKGROUND: The use of acellular dermal matrix has facilitated immediate prosthesis-based breast reconstruction. However, few studies directly compare surgical outcomes following acellular dermal matrix-based reconstruction with two of the most commonly available materials, AlloDerm and FlexHD. Those studies that are available often do not adequately control for the surgeon as a variable. The authors hypothesize that complication rates will not differ significantly between AlloDerm and FlexHD when practice and surgeon variables are properly controlled...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Robert Weech-Maldonado, Janice L Dreachslin, Josué Patien Epané, Judith Gail, Shivani Gupta, Joyce Anne Wainio
BACKGROUND: Cultural competency or the ongoing capacity of health care systems to provide for high-quality care to diverse patient populations (National Quality Forum, 2008) has been proposed as an organizational strategy to address disparities in quality of care, patient experience, and workforce representation. But far too many health care organizations still do not treat cultural competency as a business imperative and driver of strategy. PURPOSES: The aim of the study was to examine the impact of a systematic, multifaceted, and organizational level cultural competency initiative on hospital performance metrics at the organizational and individual levels...
October 25, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Libo Zhang, Yihan Sun, Tiejian Luo, Mohammad Muntasir Rahman
Research focused on salient object region in natural scenes has attracted a lot in computer vision and has widely been used in many applications like object detection and segmentation. However, an accurate focusing on the salient region, while taking photographs of the real-world scenery, is still a challenging task. In order to deal with the problem, this paper presents a novel approach based on human visual system, which works better with the usage of both background prior and compactness prior. In the proposed method, we eliminate the unsuitable boundary with a fixed threshold to optimize the image boundary selection which can provide more precise estimations...
September 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Ella McKnight, Emili García-Berthou, Pao Srean, Marc Rius
Ecologists have recently devoted their attention to the study of species traits and their role in the establishment and spread of nonindigenous species (NIS). However, research efforts have mostly focused on studies of terrestrial taxa, with lesser attention being dedicated to aquatic species. Aquatic habitats comprise of interconnected waterways, as well as exclusive introduction vectors that allow unparalleled artificial transport of species and their propagules. Consequently, species traits that commonly facilitate biological invasions in terrestrial systems may not be as represented in aquatic environments...
October 26, 2016: Global Change Biology
Belen Rubio-Gonzalez, Jasmine Zain, Steven T Rosen, Christiane Querfeld
The primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of T-, Natural Killer- and B- cell neoplasms with a wide range of clinical and pathological presentations, and with very different prognoses compared to systemic lymphomas. Recent studies have shown that the skin microenvironment, which is composed of various immune cell subsets as well as their spatial distribution and T-cell interactions through different chemokines and cytokines, has an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cutaneous lymphomas and has assisted in the development of novel and more effective immunotherapies...
October 26, 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Ming-Chih Ho, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Xiao-Ping Chen, Hiroaki Nagano, Young-Joo Lee, Gar-Yang Chau, Jian Zhou, Chih-Chi Wang, Young Rok Choi, Ronnie Tung-Ping Poon, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging and treatment strategy does not recommended surgery for treating BCLC stage B and C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, numerous Asia-Pacific institutes still perform surgery for this patient group. This consensus report from the 5th Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert Meeting aimed to share opinions and experiences pertaining to liver resection for intermediate and advanced HCCs and to provide evidence to issue recommendations for surgery in this patient group...
October 2016: Liver Cancer
John J Lees, Grigorios Dimitriadis, Robert L Nudds
The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be informed by aeronautical research, important differences exist between planes and birds. In particular, birds operate at lower, transitional Reynolds numbers than do most aircraft. To date, few quantitative studies have investigated the aerodynamic performance of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces and none have focused upon the differences between wings from different flight style groups...
2016: PeerJ
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"