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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346279/how-neighborhood-effects-vary-childbearing-and-fathering-among-latino-and-african-american-adolescents
#1
Jessica L Lucero, Anna Maria Santiago, George C Galster
This study examines what neighborhood conditions experienced at age 15 and after are associated with teen childbearing and fathering among Latino and African American youth and whether these neighborhood effects vary by gender and/or ethnicity. Administrative and survey data from a natural experiment are used for a sample of 517 Latino and African American youth whose families were quasi-randomly assigned to public housing operated by the Denver (CO) Housing Authority (DHA). Characteristics of the neighborhood initially assigned by DHA to wait list applicants are utilized as identifying instruments for the neighborhood contexts experienced during adolescence...
January 18, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#2
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328035/assessment-of-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-infants-6-12-months-of-age-according-to-impact-of-perinatal-risk-factors
#3
N Tskimanauri, N Khachapuridze, P Imnadze, T Chanadiri, S Bakhtadze
The purpose of this research was to investigate the developmental follow-up of infants (at age of 6 month and 12 month), exposed to separate and combination impact of perinatal risk factors, compared with not exposed cases, within the prospective cohort study. Between January 2015 and January 2017, in this research we prospectively enrolled 1018 live-born infants from the medical reports of the participating clinics in Tbilisi (capital of Republic of Georgia) and Mtskheta, Dusheti (districts of Georgia). Within postnatal follow-up, the children from whole population were assessed at 6 and 12 months of age by family doctors using the Denver Developmental Screening Test (Denver II)...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324526/do-professional-society-advocacy-campaigns-have-an-impact-on-pediatric-orthopaedic-injuries
#4
Alexa J Karkenny, Denver A Burton, Kathleen J Maguire, Regina Hanstein, Norman Y Otsuka
PURPOSE: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) both advocate for childhood injury prevention by publishing recommendations to orthopaedic surgeons, pediatricians, and the public. Popular topics of advocacy campaigns have included trampolines, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), and lawnmowers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal relationship between AAOS/AAP advocacy and pediatric orthopaedic injury rates, using these topics as examples...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323917/effects-of-acyl-chain-unsaturation-on-activation-energy-of-water-permeability-across-droplet-bilayers-of-homologous-monoglycerides-role-of-cholesterol
#5
Maria Lopez, Jacqueline Denver, Sue Ellen Evangelista, Alessandra Armetta, Gabriella Di Domizio, Sunghee Lee
Cholesterol is an important component of total lipid in mammalian cellular membranes, hence the knowledge of its association with lipid bilayer membranes will be essential to understanding membrane structure and function. A Droplet Interface Bilayer (DIB) provides a convenient and reliable platform through which permeability coefficient and activation energy for water transport across the membrane can be made. In this study, we investigated the effect of acyl chain structure in amphiphilic monoglycerides on the permeability of water across DIB membranes composed of cholesterol and these monoglycerides, where the acyl chain length, number of double bonds, and the position of double bond are varied systematically along the acyl chains...
January 11, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316242/sustained-high-fat-diet-modulates-inflammation-insulin-signalling-and-cognition-in-mice-and-a-modified-xenin-peptide-ameliorates-neuropathology-in-a-chronic-high-fat-model
#6
Paul Denver, Victor A Gault, Paula L McClean
AIMS: Metabolic disease increases risk of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive dysfunction. Chronic high fat diet (HFD) feeding leads to cognitive impairment and neuroinflammation. This study demarcated pathological events in brain as a result of short-term to chronic HFD feeding. Efficacy of Xenin-25[Lys(13)PAL] was assessed in chronic HFD-fed mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were fed HFD or normal diet for 18 days, 34 days, 10 and 21 weeks. Cognition was assessed using novel object recognition and Morris water maze...
January 5, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303583/field-performance-versus-standard-test-condition-efficiency-of-tandem-solar-cells-and-the-specific-case-of-perovskites-silicon-devices
#7
Olivier Dupre, Björn Niesen, Stefaan De Wolf, Christophe Ballif
Multi-junction cells may offer a cost-effective route to boost the efficiency of industrial photovoltaics. For any technology to be deployed in the field, its performance under actual operating conditions is extremely important. In this perspective, we evaluate the impact of spectrum, light intensity, and module temperature variations on the efficiency of tandem devices with crystalline silicon bottom cells with a particular focus on perovskite top cells. We consider devices with different efficiencies and calculate their energy yields using field data from Denver...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300374/clinical-history-and-management-recommendations-of-the-smooth-muscle-dysfunction-syndrome-due-to-acta2-arginine-179-alterations
#8
Ellen S Regalado, Lauren Mellor-Crummey, Julie De Backer, Alan C Braverman, Lesley Ades, Susan Benedict, Timothy J Bradley, M Elizabeth Brickner, Kathryn C Chatfield, Anne Child, Cori Feist, Kathryn W Holmes, Glen Iannucci, Birgit Lorenz, Paul Mark, Takayuki Morisaki, Hiroko Morisaki, Shaine A Morris, Anna L Mitchell, John R Ostergaard, Julie Richer, Denver Sallee, Sherene Shalhub, Mustafa Tekin, Anthony Estrera, Patricia Musolino, Anji Yetman, Reed Pyeritz, Dianna M Milewicz
PurposeSmooth muscle dysfunction syndrome (SMDS) due to heterozygous ACTA2 arginine 179 alterations is characterized by patent ductus arteriosus, vasculopathy (aneurysm and occlusive lesions), pulmonary arterial hypertension, and other complications in smooth muscle-dependent organs. We sought to define the clinical history of SMDS to develop recommendations for evaluation and management.MethodsMedical records of 33 patients with SMDS (median age 12 years) were abstracted and analyzed.ResultsAll patients had congenital mydriasis and related pupillary abnormalities at birth and presented in infancy with a patent ductus arteriosus or aortopulmonary window...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298238/desensitization-and-prevention-of-antibody-mediated-rejection-in-vascularized-composite-allotransplantation-by-syngeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Howard D Wang, Samuel A J Fidder, Devin T Miller, Georg J Furtmüller, Ali Reza Ahmadi, Felix Nägele, Joseph Lopez, Amy Quan, Joshua Budihardjo, Denver M Lough, Burcu Akpinarli, Joanna Etra, Dalibor Vasilic, Giorgio Raimondi, W P Andrew Lee, Robert A Montgomery, Zhaoli Sun, Gerald Brandacher
BACKGROUND: Candidates for vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) are frequently sensitized, putting them at risk for antibody-mediated rejection (AMR). Current desensitization strategies are imperfect and require a living-donor setting. Here we investigated the impact of sensitization on and the efficacy of a desensitization protocol utilizing syngeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) to prevent AMR in VCA. METHODS: Skin transplants from Dark Agouti (DA) to Lewis rats were performed for sensitization...
January 2, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290169/evaluating-oncology-value-based-frameworks-in-the-u-s-marketplace-and-challenges-in-real-world-application-a-multiple-myeloma-test-case
#10
Laurence M Djatche, Joseph A Goble, Grace Chun, Stefan Varga
BACKGROUND: With the continuous rise in costs for oncology drugs, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER), the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center's Drug Abacus (DrugAbacus), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) have developed value-based frameworks (VBFs) to assist stakeholders in formulary and treatment decision-making processes. Since emerging VBFs have the potential to affect available treatment options for patients, it is important to understand the differences associated with these VBFs within various therapeutic areas...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284074/2017-annual-meeting-of-the-american-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research-colorado-convention-center-denver-co-usa-september-8-11-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279434/-topics-for-basic-research-regarding-osteoclasts-and-bone-resorption-in-asbmr-2017
#12
Takeshi Miyamoto
This is a brief report regarding the topics about osteoclasts and bone-resorption presented in ASBMR 2017 held in Colorado convention center in Denver, Colorado, in September 8-11, 2017.
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279433/-topics-for-basic-research-osteoclast-and-bone-resorption-in-asbmr-2017
#13
Nobuyuki Udagawa
This is a brief report summarizing topics in ASBMR 2017 held at Colorado Convention Center in Denver on September 8-11th. In this paper, I report some topics from presentation of basic research(especially osteoclast and bone resorption)in ASBMR 2017.
2018: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249858/symptomatic-fluid-drainage-peritoneovenous-shunt-placement
#14
REVIEW
Hooman Yarmohammadi, George I Getrajdman
Ascites causes significant discomfort and has negative impact on patient's quality of life. Medical therapies including dietary restriction and diuretics are successful in only 40 to 44% of patients with malignant ascites and repeated paracentesis only provides temporary symptomatic relief. Therefore, a more permanent solution is necessary. Indwelling catheters or peritoneovenous shunt placement can provide more permanent symptomatic relief and improve patients' quality of life. Unlike indwelling catheters, peritoneovenous shunts do not limit patients' life style and therefore should be offered as first option in patients who are good candidates...
December 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243100/parents-use-of-complementary-health-approaches-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Olivia J Lindly, Sheryl Thorburn, Karen Heisler, Nuri M Reyes, Katharine E Zuckerman
Knowledge of why parents use complementary health approaches (CHA) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. We conducted a mixed methods study to better understand factors influencing parents' decision to use CHA for ASD. Parent-reported data about CHA use were collected on a probability sample of 352 young children with ASD in Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles, California; or Portland, Oregon. Follow-back interviews were conducted with 31 parents. CHA use was negatively associated with older child age and positively associated with parents' belief ASD has major consequences, living in Portland or Denver, and medication use...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239467/the-impact-of-anemia-and-body-mass-index-bmi-on-neuromotor-development-of-preschool-children
#16
Selen Ozakar Akca, Mehmet Ömer Bostanci
OBJECTIVE: According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), anemia is a prevalent health problem that leads to increased morbidity and mortality, especially in preschool children. Anemia is recognized as a major health problem due to its negative effects on the mental and physical development during childhood. The aim of our study was to determine the levels of anemia of children in a kindergarten affiliated to the Directorate of National Education using a non-invasive method, and to investigate the effects of anemia on the physical, mental and neuromotor development of children...
September 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237032/the-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-marijuana-retail-surveillance-tool-mrst-assessing-marketing-and-point-of-sale-practices-among-recreational-marijuana-retailers
#17
Carla J Berg, Lisa Henriksen, Patricia Cavazos-Rehg, Gillian L Schauer, Bridget Freisthler
As recreational marijuana expands, it is critical to develop standardized surveillance measures to study the retail environment. To this end, our research team developed and piloted a tool assessing recreational marijuana retailers in a convenience sample of 20 Denver retailers in 2016. The tool assesses: (i) compliance and security (e.g. age-of-sale signage, ID checks, security cameras); (ii) marketing (i.e. promotions, product availability and price) and (iii) contextual and neighborhood features (i.e. retailer type, facilities nearby)...
December 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235732/weed-resistance-to-synthetic-auxin-herbicides
#18
REVIEW
Roberto Busi, Danica E Goggin, Ian Heap, Michael J Horak, Mithila Jugulam, Robert A Masters, Richard Napier, Dilpreet S Riar, Norbert M Satchivi, Joel Torra, Phillip Westra, Terry R Wright
Herbicides classified as synthetic auxins have been most commonly used to control broadleaf weeds in a variety of crops and in non-cropland areas since the first synthetic auxin herbicide (SAH), 2,4-D, was introduced to the market in the mid-1940s. The incidence of weed species resistant to SAHs is relatively low considering their long-term global application with 29 broadleaf weed species confirmed resistant to date. An understanding of the context and mechanisms of SAH resistance evolution can inform management practices to sustain the longevity and utility of this important class of herbicides...
December 13, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223914/cannabis-use-disorder-and-male-sex-predict-medical-cannabis-card-status-in-a-sample-of-high-risk-adolescents
#19
Janet Kim, Marilyn E Coors, Susan E Young, Kristen M Raymond, Christian J Hopfer, Tamara L Wall, Robin P Corley, Sandra A Brown, Joseph T Sakai
OBJECTIVE: To examine if a substance use disorder (SUD), especially cannabis use disorder in adolescence, predicts future medical cannabis card status among high-risk youth. METHODS: Data collection occurred in Denver and San Diego. We recruited adolescents, with or at high risk for SUD and conduct problems (hereafter probands) and their siblings (n=654). Baseline (Wave 1) assessments took place between 1999 and 2008, and follow-up (Wave 2) took place between 2010 and 2013...
December 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214797/high-throughput-in-vitro-data-to-inform-prioritization-of-ambient-water-monitoring-and-testing-for-endocrine-active-chemicals
#20
Wendy J Heiger-Bernays, Susanna Wegner, David Dix
The presence of industrial chemicals, consumer product chemicals, and pharmaceuticals is well documented in waters in the US and globally. Most of these chemicals lack health-protective guidelines and many have been shown to have endocrine bioactivity. There is currently no systematic or national prioritization for monitoring waters for chemicals with endocrine disrupting activity. We propose Ambient Water Bioactivity Concentrations (AWBCs) generated from high throughput data as a health-based screen for endocrine bioactivity of chemicals in water...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
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