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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903260/clinical-physiologic-and-radiographic-factors-contributing-to-development-of-hypoxemia-in-moderate-to-severe-copd-a-cohort-study
#1
J Michael Wells, Raul San Jose Estepar, Merry-Lynn N McDonald, Surya P Bhatt, Alejandro A Diaz, William C Bailey, Francine L Jacobson, Mark T Dransfield, George R Washko, Barry J Make, Richard Casaburi, Edwin J R van Beek, Eric A Hoffman, Frank C Sciurba, James D Crapo, Edwin K Silverman, Craig P Hersh
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia is a major complication of COPD and is a strong predictor of mortality. We previously identified independent risk factors for the presence of resting hypoxemia in the COPDGene cohort. However, little is known about characteristics that predict onset of resting hypoxemia in patients who are normoxic at baseline. We hypothesized that a combination of clinical, physiologic, and radiographic characteristics would predict development of resting hypoxemia after 5-years of follow-up in participants with moderate to severe COPD METHODS: We analyzed 678 participants with moderate-to-severe COPD recruited into the COPDGene cohort who completed baseline and 5-year follow-up visits and who were normoxic by pulse oximetry at baseline...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895150/effects-of-va-facility-dog-on-hospitalized-veterans-seen-by-a-palliative-care-psychologist-an-innovative-approach-to-impacting-stress-indicators
#2
Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Cari Levy, Elizabeth Holman, John E Kolassa
The United States is home to 23 million veterans. In many instances, veterans with serious illness who seek healthcare at the VA receive care from a palliative care service. Animal-assisted intervention (AAI) is gaining attention as a therapeutic stress reducing modality; however, its effects have not been well studied in veterans receiving palliative care in an acute care setting. A crossover repeated-measures study was conducted to examine the effects of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) in the form of a therapy dog on stress indicators in 25 veterans on the palliative care service at the VA Eastern Colorado Healthcare System in Denver, CO...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883329/how-to-recognize-and-avoid-potential-possible-or-probable-predatory-open-access-publishers-standalone-and-hijacked-journals
#3
Lenche Danevska, Mirko Spiroski, Doncho Donev, Nada Pop-Jordanova, Momir Polenakovic
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Internet has enabled an easy method to search through the vast majority of publications and has improved the impact of scholarly journals. However, it can also pose threats to the quality of published articles. New publishers and journals have emerged so-called open-access potential, possible, or probable predatory publishers and journals, and so-called hijacked journals. It was our aim to increase the awareness and warn scholars, especially young researchers, how to recognize these journals and how to avoid submission of their papers to these journals...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872518/spinal-fusion-surgery-a-historical-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Sandip P Tarpada, Matthew T Morris, Denver A Burton
The vast majority of technological advances in spinal fusion surgery have occurred within the past 50 years. Despite this, there existed a rich history of innovation, ingenuity, and resourcefulness among the spine surgeons of centuries before. Here, we pay tribute to this history, highlighting the important characters, their devices, and their thoughts, as they sought to alleviate human suffering from spinal deformity.
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831801/high-success-rate-of-lung-function-testing-in-healthy-unsedated-1-and-2-year-old-south-african-children
#5
Lauren Willemse, Ane Visagie, Carvern Denver Jacobs, Heather J Zar, Graham L Hall, Diane M Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829182/benchmarking-criticality-analysis-of-triga-fuel-storage-racks
#6
Matthew Loren Robinson, Timothy M DeBey, Jack F Higginbotham
A criticality analysis was benchmarked to sub-criticality measurements of the hexagonal fuel storage racks at the United States Geological Survey TRIGA MARK I reactor in Denver. These racks, which hold up to 19 fuel elements each, are arranged at 0.61m (2 feet) spacings around the outer edge of the reactor. A 3-dimensional model was created of the racks using MCNP5, and the model was verified experimentally by comparison to measured subcritical multiplication data collected in an approach to critical loading of two of the racks...
January 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829004/outcome-at-two-years-of-very-preterm-infants-born-after-rupture-of-membranes-before-viability
#7
Amelie Kieffer, Gaelle Pinto Cardoso, Caroline Thill, Eric Verspyck, Stéphane Marret
PURPOSE: To compare the respiratory and neurological outcomes at two years of age of preterm children born before 33 weeks of gestation (WG) after early preterm premature rupture of membranes (EPPROM) between 14 and 24 WG with preterm children without EPPROM. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This single-center case-control retrospective study was conducted at Rouen University Hospital between 1st January 2000 and 31st December 2010. All the cases with EPPROM born from 26WG to 32WG were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824934/controlled-heat-stress-promotes-myofibrillogenesis-during-myogenesis
#8
Qiongyu Guo, Devin Miller, Hongying An, Howard Wang, Joseph Lopez, Denver Lough, Ling He, Anand Kumar
Hyperthermia therapy has recently emerged as a clinical modality used to finely tune heat stress inside the human body for various biomedical applications. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the optimal timing or temperature of heat stress that is needed to achieve favorable results following hyperthermia therapy for muscle regeneration purposes. The regeneration of skeletal muscle after injury is a highly complex and coordinated process that involves a multitude of cellular mechanisms. The main objective of this study was to characterize the effects of hyperthermal therapy on the overall behavior of myoblasts during myogenic differentiation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814451/community-adaptations-to-an-impending-food-desert-in-rural-appalachia-usa
#9
Wayne C Miller, Denver Rogalla, Dustin Spencer, Nida Zia, Brian N Griffith, Haylee B Heinsberg
INTRODUCTION: The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) describes a food desert as an urban neighborhood or rural town without ready access to fresh, healthy, and affordable food. An estimated 2.3 million rural Americans live in food deserts. One goal of the USDA is to eliminate food deserts. However, at a time when some food deserts are being eliminated, hundreds of grocery stores are closing, causing other food deserts to arise. The literature is scarce on how a community adapts to an impending food desert...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809885/which-score-should-be-used-for-posttraumatic-multiple-organ-failure-comparison-of-the-mods-denver-and-sofa-scores
#10
Matthias Fröhlich, Arasch Wafaisade, Anastasios Mansuri, Paola Koenen, Christian Probst, Marc Maegele, Bertil Bouillon, Samir G Sakka
BACKGROUND: Multiple organ dysfunction and multiple organ failure (MOF) is still a major complication and challenge in the treatment of severely injured patients. The incidence varies decisively in current studies, which complicates the comparability regarding risk factors, treatment recommendations and patients' outcome. Therefore, we analysed how the currently used scoring systems, the MODS, Denver- and SOFA Score, influence the definition and compared the scores' predictive ability...
November 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809621/nucleated-red-blood-cells-count-as-a-prognostic-biomarker-in-predicting-the-complications-of-asphyxia-in-neonates
#11
Hassan Boskabadi, Maryam Zakerihamidi, Mohammad Hadi Sadeghian, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns
OBJECTIVE: Nucleated-red-blood-cells (NRBC) count in umbilical cord of newborns is been suggested as a sign of birth asphyxia. The present study was conducted to explore the value of NRBC count in prognosis of asphyxiated neonates. METHODS: sixty-three neonates with asphyxia were followed up for two years. Maternal and neonatal information was recorded follow by clinical and laboratory evaluation. NRBC-level was determined per 100 white-blood-cells (WBC). After discharge, follow-up of asphyxiated infants was performed using Denver II test at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802802/improved-high-resolution-pediatric-vascular-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-with-gadofosveset-enhanced-3d-respiratory-navigated-inversion-recovery-prepared-gradient-echo-readout-imaging-compared-to-3d-balanced-steady-state-free-precession-readout-imaging
#12
Animesh Tandon, Sassan Hashemi, W James Parks, Michael S Kelleman, Denver Sallee, Timothy C Slesnick
BACKGROUND: Improved delineation of vascular structures is a common indication for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in children and requires high spatial resolution. Currently, pre-contrast 3D, respiratory navigated, T2-prepared, fat saturated imaging with a bSSFP readout (3D bSSFP) is commonly used; however, these images can be limited by blood pool inhomogeneity and exaggeration of metal artifact. We compared image quality of pediatric vasculature obtained using standard 3D bSSFP to 3D, respiratory navigated, inversion recovery prepared imaging with a gradient echo readout (3D IR GRE) performed after administration of gadofosveset trisodium (GT), a blood pool contrast agent...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790549/ureteral-reflux-into-an-ectopic-upper-moeity-of-a-duplex-kidney-from-the-bladder-neck-with-distal-ureteral-pseudodiverticulum-formation
#13
Denver Steven Pinto, Tom George, Deepali Saxena, Thara Joseph, V Ravi Hoisala
Urinary incontinence is a condition causing significant psychological trauma and affects the quality of life of the affected individual. Though common causes of urinary incontinence of non-traumatic aetiology in young adults include detrusor instability and congenital conditions like meningomyelocoele, an ectopic ureter is an important surgically correctable cause of urinary incontinence. The cause of incontinence in an ectopic ureter is insertion of the ureter distal to the internal urethral sphincter. The authors describe a case report of an ectopic ureter arising from a duplex moiety with poor renal function using multiple modalities...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780752/ethnobotanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-used-to-manage-high-blood-pressure-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-bitterfontein-western-cape-province-south-africa
#14
Davids Denver, Gibson Diana, Johnson Quinton
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The aim of this study was to identify and document medicinal plants used to manage High Blood Pressure and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bitterfontein, Western Cape Province, South Africa. METHODS: One hundred and twelve (112) respondents were interviewed between August 2014 and September 2015 through semi-structured surveys to gather data on the percentage of people who had been diagnosed with High Blood Pressure and/or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and to determine the frequency of medicinal plant and allopathic medicine use...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779948/denver-first-look
#15
David P Gradwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779916/developmental-and-thyroid-hormone-regulation-of-the-dna-methyltransferase-3a-gene-in-xenopus-tadpoles
#16
Yasuhiro Kyono, Laurent M Sachs, Patrice Bilesimo, Luan Wen, Robert J Denver
Thyroid hormone is essential for normal development in vertebrates. In amphibians, T3 controls metamorphosis by inducing tissue-specific gene regulation programs. A hallmark of T3 action is the modification of chromatin structure, which underlies changes in gene transcription. We found that mRNA for the de novo DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) dnmt3a, but not dnmt1, increased in the brain of Xenopus tadpoles during metamorphosis in parallel with plasma [T3]. Addition of T3 to the rearing water caused a time-dependent increase in dnmt3a mRNA in tadpole brain, tail, and hind limb...
December 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755117/interferon-based-hepatitis-c-therapy-in-a-safety-net-hospital-access-efficacy-and-safety
#17
Eric M Nordstrom, Angela Keniston, Fafa Baouchi, Alvaro Martinez-Camacho
AIMS: This study assesses the efficacy, accessibility, and safety of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment in a safety net hospital population. METHODS: Patients at Denver Health receiving pegylated interferon for HCV infection between 2008 and 2012 were included in this retrospective study. Sociodemographic, biochemical, and virologic data were collected on each patient. The primary outcomes were the rate of sustained virologic response and early treatment discontinuation, with reason for discontinuation documented...
January 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754370/performance-evaluation-and-community-application-of-low-cost-sensors-for-ozone-and-nitrogen-dioxide
#18
Rachelle M Duvall, Russell W Long, Melinda R Beaver, Keith G Kronmiller, Michael L Wheeler, James J Szykman
This study reports on the performance of electrochemical-based low-cost sensors and their use in a community application. CairClip sensors were collocated with federal reference and equivalent methods and operated in a network of sites by citizen scientists (community members) in Houston, Texas and Denver, Colorado, under the umbrella of the NASA-led DISCOVER-AQ Earth Venture Mission. Measurements were focused on ozone (O₃) and nitrogen dioxide (NO₂). The performance evaluation showed that the CairClip O₃/NO₂ sensor provided a consistent measurement response to that of reference monitors (r² = 0...
October 13, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746432/successful-treatment-of-ascites-using-a-denver-%C3%A2-peritoneovenous-shunt-in-a-patient-with-paroxysmal-nocturnal-hemoglobinuria-and-budd-chiari-syndrome
#19
Tomomi Kogiso, Etsuko Hashimoto, Taito Ito, Toshifumi Hara, Yuichi Ikarashi, Kazuhisa Kodama, Makiko Taniai, Nobuyuki Torii, Kentaro Yoshinaga, Satoru Morita, Yutaka Takahashi, Junji Tanaka, Shuji Sakai, Masakazu Yamamoto, Katsutoshi Tokushige
A 56-year-old man was diagnosed with aplastic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria at 43 years of age and treatment with cyclosporin A was started. Liver cirrhosis, ascites, and thrombus in the hepatic veins were found at 56 years of age and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) was diagnosed according to angiography findings. He was treated with diuretics and paracentesis was performed several times, but with limited efficacy. A Denver(®) peritoneovenous shunt (PVS) was inserted into the right jugular vein; his ascites and renal function improved immediately and his general condition has remained good for 12 months since starting the above treatment regimen...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734894/genomic-evidence-for-plant-parasitic-nematodes-as-the-earliest-wolbachia-hosts
#20
Amanda M V Brown, Sulochana K Wasala, Dana K Howe, Amy B Peetz, Inga A Zasada, Dee R Denver
Wolbachia, one of the most widespread endosymbionts, is a target for biological control of mosquito-borne diseases (malaria and dengue virus), and antibiotic elimination of infectious filarial nematodes. We sequenced and analyzed the genome of a new Wolbachia strain (wPpe) in the plant-parasitic nematode Pratylenchus penetrans. Phylogenomic analyses placed wPpe as the earliest diverging Wolbachia, suggesting two evolutionary invasions into nematodes. The next branches comprised strains in sap-feeding insects, suggesting Wolbachia may have first evolved as a nutritional mutualist...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
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