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Elizabeth Holman, Cari Levy, Brenda Kennedy
Animal-assisted intervention is gaining attention as a stress reduction modality. Quantitative data demonstrate its effectiveness, as a recent study published in AJHPM supported that a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital facility dog paired with a palliative care psychologist had a measurable impact on salivary cortisol levels and heart rate in hospitalized veterans. There remains an important role for qualitative insights. The Denver VA palliative care team learned a range of lessons from the sudden loss of their facility dog, many of which relate directly to palliative care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Dawei Wang, Stanley E Gilliland Iii, Xinbei Yi, Kayla Logan, Denver R Heitger, Heather R Lucas, Wei-Ning Wang
Efficient oxidation from arsenite [As(III)] to arsenate [As(V)], which is less toxic and more readily to be adsorbed by adsorbents, is important for the remediation of arsenic pollution. In this paper, we report a metal organic framework (MIL-100(Fe)) filter to efficiently remove arsenic from synthetic groundwater. With commercially available iron mesh as a substrate, MIL-100(Fe) is implanted through an in-situ growth method. MIL-100(Fe) is able to capture As(III) due to its microporous structure, superior surface area, and ample active sites for As adsorption...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Amanda F Dempsey, Jennifer Pyrznawoski, Steven Lockhart, Juliana Barnard, Elizabeth J Campagna, Kathleen Garrett, Allison Fisher, L Miriam Dickinson, Sean T O'Leary
Importance: The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers is more than 35 000 cases in the United States each year. Effective HPV vaccines have been available in the United States for several years but are underused among adolescents, the target population for vaccination. Interventions to increase uptake are needed. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a 5-component health care professional HPV vaccine communication intervention on adolescent HPV vaccination...
March 5, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
Daniel P Giovenco, Torra E Spillane, Christine M Mauro, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Nearly half of marijuana users in the United States also smoke cigarillos, with many using the products as marijuana "blunts." The relationship between marijuana legalization and tobacco retail has not yet been examined. This study uses tobacco sales data to compare the cigarillo marketplace in states with legalized recreational marijuana to the overall U.S. marketplace in 2016. METHODS: Cigarillo sales data from 2016 were obtained from the Nielsen Research Company in the following market regions: Denver, CO; Seattle, WA; Portland, OR; and the overall U...
February 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Meghan R McKinnon, Ellie K Simpson, Maciej Henneberg
Previous studies have used longitudinal samples to investigate growth of the skeletal aspects of the face, although far less has been done on facial soft tissue. This study uses a larger sample than previous studies on the same data (Denver and Fels growth series) to explore covariation of bony and soft facial dimensions comprehensively from childhood to adulthood. A total of 1036 lateral cephalometric radiographs were digitized from 60 individuals, and distances between facial landmarks were measured using ImageJ...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Xuelian Bai, Alex Lutz, Rosemary Carroll, Kristen Keteles, Kenneth Dahlin, Mark Murphy, David Nguyen
The widespread occurrence of natural and synthetic organic chemicals in surface waters can cause ecological risks and human health concerns. This study measured a suite of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in water samples collected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 around the Denver, Colorado, metropolitan area. The results showed that 109 of 144 analyzed pharmaceutical compounds, 42 of 55 analyzed waste-indicator compounds (e.g., flame retardants, hormones, and personal care products), and 39 of 72 analyzed pesticides were detected in the water samples collected monthly between April and November in both 2014 and 2015...
February 19, 2018: Chemosphere
Omar M Shaaban, Ahmed M Abbas, Hanaa R Mahmoud, Entsar M Yones, Ahmed Mahmoud, Mahmoud S Zakherah
OBJECTIVE: The current study aims to evaluate the effect of the use of single packet of levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive pills (LNG-ECPs) during breastfeeding on the health and development of the nursing infant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study was an ancillary observational cohort study carried out in a university hospital. We counseled all women delivered and planning birth-space and breastfeed for at least 1 year for participation during postpartum hospital stay...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Marleen Vanvuchelen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Extreme poverty is severe deprivation of basic needs and services. Children living in extreme poverty may lack adequate parental care and face increased developmental and health risks. However, there is a paucity of literature on the combined influences of undernutrition and psychosocial factors (such as limited play materials, playground, playtime, interactions of children with their peers and mother-child interaction) on children's developmental outcomes. The main objective of this study was, therefore, to ascertain the association of developmental outcomes and psychosocial factors after controlling nutritional indices...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Denver M Y Brown, Steven R Bray
Physical performance is impaired following cognitive control exertion. Incentives can ameliorate adverse carryover effects of cognitive control exertion but have not been investigated for physical endurance. This study examined the effect of monetary incentives on physical performance and muscle activation following exposure to a mentally fatiguing, cognitive control task. Participants (N = 82) performed two isometric endurance handgrip trials separated by a 12-min cognitive control manipulation using a 2 (high cognitive control [HCC]/low cognitive control [LCC]) × 2 (incentive/no incentive) design...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Daniel Joseph, Jody A Vogel, C Sam Smith, Whitney Barrett, Gary Bryskiewicz, Aaron Eberhardt, David Edwards, Lara Rappaport, Christopher B Colwell, Kevin E McVaney
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with a substantial number of emergency department visits annually and is responsible for a significant number of lives lost each year in the United States. However, a minimal amount is known about the impact of alcohol on the EMS system. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the proportion of 9-1-1 calls in Denver, Colorado in which (1) alcohol was a contributing factor or (2) the individual receiving EMS services had recently ingested alcohol...
February 8, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Bingrui Zhou, Qiong Xu, Huiping Li, Ying Zhang, Yi Wang, Sally J Rogers, Xiu Xu
To evaluate the effects of a 26-week, high-intensity, parent-implemented Early Start Denver Model (P-ESDM) intervention on developmental outcomes, severity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and parental stress of ASD toddlers in China. Subjects in P-ESDM group (n = 23) were recruited from 1.5- to 2.5-year-old toddlers who were screened positive in Xuhui and Minhang Districts and were diagnosed with ASD. A community (comparison) group of age-matched toddlers with ASD (n = 20) was recruited from other areas...
February 7, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Stavros C Manolagas
During the last 40 years, understanding of bone biology and the pathogenesis of osteoporosis, the most common and impactful bone disease of old age, has improved dramatically thanks to basic and clinical research advances, genetic insights from humans and rodents, and newer imaging technologies. Culprits of osteoporosis are no longer a matter of speculation based on in vitro observations. Instead, they can be identified and dissected at the cellular and molecular level using genetic approaches; and their effect on distinct bone envelopes and anatomic regions can be functionally assessed in vivo...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Berhanu Nigussie Worku, Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Mekitie Wondafrash, Johan Lemmens, Jan Valy, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Children living with foster families in a resource-limited setting such as Ethiopia are at risk of developmental problems. It is not yet clear whether intensive home-based developmental stimulation assisted by play can reduce these problems. The main objective of this study was to examine the effects of play-assisted intervention integrated into basic services on the developmental performance of children living with foster families in extreme poverty. METHODS: A randomized single-blind (investigator) controlled trial design was used...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
George A Rinard, Richard W Quine, Laura A Buchanan, Sandra S Eaton, Gareth R Eaton, Boris Epel, Subramanian V Sundramoorthy, Howard J Halpern
Resonators for preclinical electron paramagnetic resonance imaging have been designed primarily for rodents and rabbits and have internal diameters between 16 and 51 mm. Lumped circuit resonators include loop-gap, Alderman-Grant, and saddle coil topologies and surface coils. Bimodal resonators are useful for isolating the detected signal from incident power and reducing dead time in pulse experiments. Resonators for continuous wave, rapid scan, and pulse experiments are described. Experience at the University of Chicago and University of Denver in design of resonators for in vivo imaging is summarized...
December 2017: Applied Magnetic Resonance
Denver J Coleman, Alvin C Camus, Beatriz Martínez-López, Susan Yun, Brittany Stevens, Esteban Soto
Veronaea botryosa is a melanized mold and cause of systemic fungal infections in cultured sturgeon (Acipenser spp.). Mortality in adult female sturgeon caused by this emergent pathogen results in significant economic losses for the caviar industry. Little is known regarding environmental conditions conducive to V. botryosa infection. This study evaluated the effect of temperature on V. botryosa infectivity and dissemination following intramuscular injection challenge of white sturgeon maintained at 13 or 18 °C for 40 days...
February 1, 2018: Veterinary Research
Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Ebru Altintas, Ali Evren Tufan, Gulen Guler, Betul Aslan, Nurgul Aytan, Ozgur Kutuk
The aim of the study was to describe the sociodemographic and clinical features of the mothers and their offspring staying with them in prison. The study was planned as a cross-sectional, single-center study of mothers residing in Tarsus Closed Women's Prison of Turkish Ministry of Justice along with their 0 to 6 years old offspring. Mothers were evaluated via Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. A psychologist blind to maternal evaluations applied the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DII-DST)...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Emily S Bellis, Dee R Denver
Rising ocean temperatures disrupt the symbiosis between corals and their microalgae, accelerating global decline of coral reef ecosystems. Because of the difficulty of performing laboratory experiments with corals, the sea anemone Aiptasia has emerged as an important model system for molecular studies of coral bleaching and symbiosis. Here, we investigate natural variation in bleaching responses among different genetic lineages of Aiptasia. Both heat- and cold-induced paths to symbiosis breakdown were analyzed...
October 2017: Biological Bulletin
W Schuyler Jones, Mitchell W Krucoff, Pablo Morales, Rebecca W Wilgus, Anne H Heath, Mary F Williams, James E Tcheng, J Danica Marinac-Dabic, Misti L Malone, Terrie L Reed, Rie Fukaya, Robert Lookstein, Nobuhiro Handa, Herbert D Aronow, Daniel J Bertges, Michael R Jaff, Thomas T Tsai, Joshua A Smale, Margo J Zaugg, Robert J Thatcher, Jack L Cronenwett, Durham Nc, Silver Spring Md, Tokyo Japan, New York Ny, Providence Ri, Burlington Vt, Newton Mass, Denver Colo, Tempe Ariz, Santa Clara Calif, Minneapolis Minn, Lebanon Nh
BACKGROUND: The current state of evaluating patients with peripheral artery disease and more specifically of evaluating medical devices used for peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) remains challenging because of the heterogeneity of the disease process, the multiple physician specialties that perform PVI, the multitude of devices available to treat peripheral artery disease, and the lack of consensus about the best treatment approaches. Because PVI core data elements are not standardized across clinical care, clinical trials, and registries, aggregation of data across different data sources and physician specialties is currently not feasible...
January 25, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Sean T O'Leary, Steven Lockhart, Juliana Barnard, Anna Furniss, Miriam Dickinson, Amanda F Dempsey, Shannon Stokley, Steven Federico, Michael Bronsert, Allison Kempe
Objective: To assess, among parents of predominantly minority, low-income adolescent girls who had either not initiated (NI) or not completed (NC) the HPV vaccine series, attitudes and other factors important in promoting the series, and whether attitudes differed by language preference. Design/Methods: From August 2013-October 2013, we conducted a mail survey among parents of girls aged 12-15 years randomly selected from administrative data in a Denver safety net system; 400 parents from each group (NI and NC) were targeted...
January 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jessica L Lucero, Anna Maria Santiago, George C Galster
This study examines what neighborhood conditions experienced at age 15 and after are associated with teen childbearing and fathering among Latino and African American youth and whether these neighborhood effects vary by gender and/or ethnicity. Administrative and survey data from a natural experiment are used for a sample of 517 Latino and African American youth whose families were quasi-randomly assigned to public housing operated by the Denver (CO) Housing Authority (DHA). Characteristics of the neighborhood initially assigned by DHA to wait list applicants are utilized as identifying instruments for the neighborhood contexts experienced during adolescence...
January 18, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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