keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol, Drugs,

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732370/silibinin-an-old-drug-for-hematological-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Hai Zou, Xing-Xing Zhu, Guo-Bing Zhang, Yuan Ma, Yi Wu, Dong-Sheng Huang
Silibinin (silybin), a non-toxic natural polyphenolic flavonoid, is the principal and the most biologically active component of silymarin. It is efficient in the treatment of acute and chronic liver disorders caused by toxins, drug, alcohol, hepatitis, and gall bladder disorders. Further, in our previous studies, we explored the anti-cancer efficacy in common cancers, such as lung, prostatic, colon, breast, bladder, as well as, hepatocellular carcinoma. Interestingly, silibinin is still not solely limited to the treatment of these diseases...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732319/did-the-dependent-coverage-expansion-increase-risky-substance-use-among-young-adults
#2
Joshua Breslau, Hao Yu, Bing Han, Rosalie L Pacula, Rachel M Burns, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: The dependent coverage expansion (DCE) enacted through the Affordable Care Act increased health insurance coverage among young adults. Increasing insurance coverage in this age group has the potential for unintended consequences on risky substance use. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were used to compare change in substance use during the period the DCE was implemented in the 19-25year old target age group (Pre-DCE n=15,772, Post-DCE n=22,719) with contemporaneous change in a slightly older age group that was not targeted by the policy (Pre-DCE=19,851, Post-DCE n=28,157)...
July 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#3
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#4
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729196/legalization-of-cannabis-considerations-for-intervening-with-adolescent-consumers
#5
Denise D Walker
Eight states and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis for adults and more are expected to follow suit. After alcohol, cannabis is the most commonly used drug by adolescents. Consumption of this drug during this developmental period poses unique risks. Therefore, attention must be paid both to how legalization affects adolescents and how tailored interventions can effectively address their needs for assistance. This commentary offers considerations for how legalization might be crafted so as to benefit adolescents...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728905/perceptions-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-infection-control-professionals-in-taiwan
#6
Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsiao-Ju Lin, Chun-Wei Chiu, Jia-Ling Wu, Hsiao-Chieh Liu, I-Hsiu Huang, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: High Clostridium difficile colonization and infection rates among hospitalized patients had been noted in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the cognition about clinical diagnosis and management of CDI among infection control professionals in Taiwan is not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 24-item survey questionnaire about the diagnosis, therapy, or infection control policies toward CDI was distributed in the annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of Taiwan (IDST) in October 2015 and Infectious Control Society of Taiwan (ICST) in April 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728695/alcohol-septal-ablation-for-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-word-of-balance
#7
REVIEW
Paul Sorajja
The management of drug-refractory symptoms of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy has long been debated and is primarily centered on the choice between surgical myectomy and alcohol septal ablation. Decision making in these patients requires consideration of procedural risk, expertise and efficacy, and the long-term impact on patients' survival. Although there have been numerous reports on these procedures that may help guide decision making, these data continue to be self-reported and voluntary. Greater insight into the real-world experience for these therapies and how they should be applied in practice would be gained from mandatory reporting, akin to other multidisciplinary, transcatheter-based therapies...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728637/drinking-location-and-drinking-culture-and-their-association-with-alcohol-use-among-girls-and-boys-in-europe
#8
Bettina Grüne, Daniela Piontek, Pawel Sleczka, Ludwig Kraus, Oliver Pogarell
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) investigate the relationship between drinking location and adolescent alcohol use, (b) analyze the association of drinking culture indicators with alcohol use, and (c) explore interaction effects of drinking location and drinking culture indicators. METHOD: Analyses were based on the 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD). The analytical sample consisted of 15- to 16-year-old students (N = 36,366; 51...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728636/magnitude-and-trends-in-heavy-episodic-drinking-alcohol-impaired-driving-and-alcohol-related-mortality-and-overdose-hospitalizations-among-emerging-adults-of-college-ages-18-24-in-the-united-states-1998-2014
#9
Ralph Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Daniel Smyth
OBJECTIVE: This article estimates percentages of U.S. emerging adults ages 18-24 engaging in past-month heavy episodic drinking and past-year alcohol-impaired driving, and numbers experiencing alcohol-related unintentional injury deaths and overdose hospitalizations between 1998 and 2014. METHOD: We analyzed national injury mortality data from coroner, census, and college enrollment statistics, the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728628/editor-s-corner-a-call-to-action-consideration-of-sex-and-gender-equity-in-research-published-in-the-journal-of-studies-on-alcohol-and-drugs
#10
Katie A Witkiewitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727525/trends-in-prescription-opioids-detected-in-fatally-injured-drivers-in-6-us-states-1995-2015
#12
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess the time trends in prescription opioids detected in fatally injured drivers. METHODS: We analyzed 1995 to 2015 Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from California, Hawaii, Illinois, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and West Virginia of toxicological tests for drivers fatally injured within 1 hour of a crash (n = 36 729). We used the Cochran-Armitage test for trend to assess the statistical significance of changes in the prevalence of prescription opioids detected in these drivers over time...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727520/undocumented-immigration-drug-problems-and-driving-under-the-influence-in-the-united-states-1990-2014
#13
Michael T Light, Ty Miller, Brian C Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To examine the influence of undocumented immigration in the United States on 4 different metrics of drug and alcohol problems: drug arrests, drug overdose fatalities, driving under the influence (DUI) arrests, and DUI deaths. METHODS: We combined newly developed state-level estimates of the undocumented population between 1990 and 2014 from the Center for Migration Studies with arrest data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports and fatality information from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Underlying Cause of Death database...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726041/alcohol-use-hiv-treatment-adherence-and-sexual-risk-among-people-with-a-history-of-injecting-drug-use-in-vietnam
#14
Li Li, Sitong Luo, Chiao-Wen Lan, Chunqing Lin, Le Anh Tuan, Nan Feng, Nguyen Anh Tuan
Alcohol use can limit the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) for people living with HIV (PLH) who have a history of injecting drug use. This study described the patterns of alcohol use among PLH with a history of injecting drug use in Vietnam and examined the relationships between alcohol use, adherence to ART, and sexual risks. We utilized cross-sectional data of 109 PLH on ART collected from a randomized controlled intervention trial in Vietnam. Approximately 30 and 46% of the participants were frequent and occasional drinkers, respectively...
July 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725261/health-risk-behavior-among-chronically-ill-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-assessment-tools
#15
REVIEW
Derrick Ssewanyana, Moses Kachama Nyongesa, Anneloes van Baar, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with chronic illnesses engage in health risk behaviors (HRB) which pose challenges for optimizing care and management of their ill health. Frequent monitoring of HRB is recommended, however little is known about which are the most useful tools to detect HRB among chronically ill adolescents. AIMS: This systematic review was conducted to address important knowledge gaps on the assessment of HRB among chronically ill adolescents. Its specific aims were to: identify HRB assessment tools, the geographical location of the studies, their means of administration, the psychometric properties of the tools and the commonest forms of HRB assessed among adolescents living with chronic illnesses globally...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724038/sexual-addiction-in-drug-addicts-the-impact-of-drug-of-choice-and-poly-addiction
#16
Nelson Antonio, Alessandra Diehl, Marcelo Niel, Sandra Pillon, Lilian Ratto, Maria Carolina Pinheiro, Dartiu Silveira, Thais Zelia Otani, Victor Otani, Quirino Cordeiro, Ricardo Ushida
Objective: To compare the risk of comorbid sexual addiction in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of substance dependence, stratifying the sample by drug of choice as well as by mono versus polysubstance addiction. Method: All data were collected at Santa Casa de São Paulo, Brazil. The study sample comprised all alcohol or drug dependents admitted to the Addiction Treatment Unit between November 2013 and August 2014. A generalized linear model with a binomial distribution was performed to compare the odds of having a Sexual Addiction Screening Test (SAST) score greater than 6 points in the subgroups analyzed...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723805/acute-pancreatitis-induced-by-etoposide-lobaplatin-combination-chemotherapy-used-for-the-treatment-of-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Cheng-Liang Cao, Peng-Yu Duan, Wang-Jun Zhang, Le Li, Feng-Zhi Qu, Bei Sun, Gang Wang
RATIONALE: Drug-induced pancreatitis (DIP) is a rare type of pancreatitis that is not usually observed in the clinical practice. It is generally difficult to distinguish from acute pancreatitis (AP) induced by other causes. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 62-year-old Chinese female patient with "small cell lung cancer" as the initial presentation. Because the patient could not bear the surgical treatment, the chemotherapy composed of lobaplatin and etoposide was performed...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723602/tinnitus-anxiety-depression-and-substance-abuse-in-rock-musicians-a-norwegian-survey
#18
Carl Christian Lein Stormer, Tore Sorlie, Niels Christian Stenklev
OBJECTIVE: Rock musicians are known to have an increased prevalence of hearing loss and tinnitus. The aims of the present study were to examine the distribution of anxiety and depression symptoms among rock musicians with or without tinnitus and how these mental health indicators and internal locus of control influenced upon their tinnitus symptom concerns and the degree to which the tinnitus affected their lives. DESIGN: The study was a questionnairebased cross-sectional survey of subjects selected from a cohort of rock musicians...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723300/interest-in-using-mobile-technology-to-help-self-manage-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-florida-cohort-cross-sectional-study
#19
J Danielle Sharpe, Zhi Zhou, César G Escobar-Viera, Jamie P Morano, Robert J Lucero, Gladys E Ibañez, Mark Hart, Christa L Cook, Robert L Cook
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption at hazardous levels is more prevalent and associated with poor health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). Although PLWH are receptive to using technology to manage health issues, it is unknown whether a cell phone app to self-manage alcohol use would be acceptable among PLWH who drink. The objectives of this study were to determine factors associated with interest in an app to self-manage drinking and to identify differences in baseline mobile technology use among PLWH by drinking level...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723266/age-of-initiation-psychopathology-and-other-substance-use-are-associated-with-time-to-use-disorder-diagnosis-in-persons-using-opioids-nonmedically
#20
Ty S Schepis, Jahn K Hakes
BACKGROUND: Nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NMUPO) is an ongoing public health challenge, as NMUPO is associated with psychopathology, other drug use and fatal overdose. These concomitant risks are greatest in those with opioid use disorder (OUD), but the development of NMUPO-related use disorder is poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to establish factors associated with the development of and time to OUD among persons engaged in NMUPO. METHODS: Data were from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions, with 1,755 participants endorsing lifetime NMUPO...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
keyword
keyword
105713
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"