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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531324/a-vignette-study-of-older-adults-preferences-for-intergenerational-transfers-in-the-context-of-competition-between-grandparents-and-grandchildren-in-rural-china
#1
Zhen Cong, Merril Silverstein
Objectives: The objective of this analysis was to examine older adults' preferences for economic support in the context of competition between grandparents and grandchildren for the middle generation's financial resources in rural China. Specifically, it examined how relative need, lineage, and gender of grandchildren depicted in a vignette were evaluated and how personal characteristics of the evaluators influenced beliefs for which generation should receive more support. Method: The sample consisted of 989 older adults participating in three waves of a longitudinal study in Anhui Province, China...
May 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530036/living-and-dying-to-be-counted-what-we-know-about-the-epidemiology-of-the-global-adolescent-hiv-epidemic
#2
Amy L Slogrove, Mary Mahy, Alice Armstrong, Mary-Ann Davies
INTRODUCTION: With increasing survival of vertically HIV-infected children and ongoing new horizontal HIV infections, the population of adolescents (age 10-19 years) living with HIV is increasing. This review aims to describe the epidemiology of the adolescent HIV epidemic and the ability of national monitoring systems to measure outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents through the adolescent transition to adulthood. METHODS: Differences in global trends between younger (age 10-14 years) and older (age 15-19 years) adolescents in key epidemic indicators are interrogated using 2016 UNAIDS estimates...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529664/patient-specific-3d-models-aid-planning-for-triplane-proximal-femoral-osteotomy-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#3
L Cherkasskiy, J P Caffrey, A F Szewczyk, E Cory, J D Bomar, C L Farnsworth, M Jeffords, D R Wenger, R L Sah, V V Upasani
PURPOSE: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) can result in a complex three-dimensional (3D) deformity of the proximal femur. A three-plane proximal femoral osteotomy (TPFO) has been described to improve hip mechanics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefits of using 3D print technology to aid in surgical planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen children treated with TPFO for symptomatic proximal femoral deformity due to SCFE were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#4
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521112/prevalence-of-externalizing-disorders-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Shannon Lange, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou, Svetlana Popova
Due to their central nervous system impairments, children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) commonly exhibit externalizing behaviours such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or delinquency. The purpose of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviours, namely Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as well as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among children with FASD...
May 18, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520616/pediatric-cancer-burden-and-treatment-resources-within-the-pediatric-iedea-consortium
#6
Steven A Brown, Salma Abbas, Mary-Ann Davies, Torsak Bunupuradah, Annette H Sohn, Karl-Günter Technau, Lorna Renner, Valériane Leroy, Andrew Edmonds, Marcel Yotebieng, Catherine C McGowan, Stephany N Duda, Lynne Mofenson, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and treatment of cancer in HIV-infected children from resource-limited settings has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: Develop and implement a cross-sectional survey to evaluate pediatric cancer burden, diagnostic modalities in use, and treatment availability as perceived by HIV clinic staff at regional International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites. METHODS: IeDEA regional investigators developed a cross-sectional clinical site survey which included questions on the numbers and types of pediatric cancers observed, modalities used to treat identified cancers and treatment options available at individual sites in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa regions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514357/-the-results-of-universal-audiological-screening-of-newborn-infants-in-the-astrakhan-region
#7
N A Daykhes, E A Grigor'eva, Yu V Nazarochkin, V M Davydov, A O Kuznetsov
We have evaluated the results of universal audiological screening of 93 352 newborn infants performed in the Astrakhan region of the Russian Federation during the period from 2009 till 2015. The screening coverage amounted to 95%. The prevalence of hearing disorders was estimated at 1:1111 and that of their severe forms at 1:3000. The clinical significance of the examination during its first stage consists of the exclusion of evoked otoacoustic emission. After the completion of the second stage, it is necessary to carry out the regular medical follow up observation of the children suffering from hearing impairment and to undertake the early rehabilitative treatment based on the application of hearing aids and prosthetic devices...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#8
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511413/knowledge-attitude-and-perception-of-sex-education-among-school-going-adolescents-in-ambala-district-haryana-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Randhir Kumar, Anmol Goyal, Parmal Singh, Anu Bhardwaj, Anshu Mittal, Sachin Singh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a highly dynamic period characterised by rapid growth and development. Adolescents have limited knowledge about sexual and reproduction health, and know little about the natural processes of puberty, sexual health, pregnancy or reproduction. Sex education should be an integral part of the learning process beginning in childhood and continuing into adult life, because it is lifelong process. AIM: This study was carried out to identify the knowledge and attitude of imparting sex education in school going adolescents in rural and urban area of Ambala district...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509597/use-of-technological-aids-and-interpretation-services-among-children-and-adults-with-hearing-loss
#10
Jesper Dammeyer, Christine Lehane, Marc Marschark
OBJECTIVES: The technological development of communication aids for people with hearing loss has progressed rapidly over the last decades. Quality has improved and the number of different types of aids has increased. However, few studies have examined the prevalence of technology use and interpreting services use among people with hearing loss as they relate to demographic characteristics of this population. DESIGN: This study reports from national surveys of children and adults with hearing loss...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507895/diverging-volumetric-trajectories-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Emily L Dennis, Joshua Faskowitz, Faisal Rashid, Talin Babikian, Richard Mink, Christopher Babbitt, Jeffrey Johnson, Christopher C Giza, Neda Jahanshad, Paul M Thompson, Robert F Asarnow
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant public health concern, and can be especially disruptive in children, derailing on-going neuronal maturation in periods critical for cognitive development. There is considerable heterogeneity in post-injury outcomes, only partially explained by injury severity. Understanding the time course of recovery, and what factors may delay or promote recovery, will aid clinicians in decision-making and provide avenues for future mechanism-based therapeutics. We examined regional changes in brain volume in a pediatric/adolescent moderate-severe TBI (msTBI) cohort, assessed at two time points...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505989/pediatric-robotic-rehabilitation-current-knowledge-and-future-trends-in-treating-children-with-sensorimotor-impairments
#12
Konstantinos P Michmizos, Hermano Igo Krebs
BACKGROUND: Robot-aided sensorimotor therapy imposes highly repetitive tasks that can translate to substantial improvement when patients remain cognitively engaged into the clinical procedure, a goal that most children find hard to pursue. Knowing that the child's brain is much more plastic than an adult's, it is reasonable to expect that the clinical gains observed in the adult population during the last two decades would be followed up by even greater gains in children. Nonetheless, and despite the multitude of adult studies, in children we are just getting started: There is scarcity of pediatric robotic rehabilitation devices that are currently available and the number of clinical studies that employ them is also very limited...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505526/peripheral-hearing-loss-reduces-the-ability-of-children-to-direct-selective-attention-during-multi-talker-listening
#13
Emma Holmes, Padraig T Kitterick, A Quentin Summerfield
Restoring normal hearing requires knowledge of how peripheral and central auditory processes are affected by hearing loss. Previous research has focussed primarily on peripheral changes following sensorineural hearing loss, whereas consequences for central auditory processing have received less attention. We examined the ability of hearing-impaired children to direct auditory attention to a voice of interest (based on the talker's spatial location or gender) in the presence of a common form of background noise: the voices of competing talkers (i...
May 10, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505355/uncovering-the-neuroanatomical-correlates-of-cognitive-affective-and-conative-theory-of-mind-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-neural-systems-perspective
#14
Nicholas P Ryan, Cathy Catroppa, Richard Beare, Timothy J Silk, Stephen J Hearps, Miriam H Beauchamp, Keith Owen Yeates, Vicki A Anderson
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM) are common after neurological insult acquired in the first and second decade of life, however the contribution of large-scale neural networks to ToM deficits in children with brain injury is unclear. Using pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) as a model, this study investigated the sub-acute effect of brain injury on gray-matter volume of three large-scale, domain-general brain networks (the Default Mode Network, DMN; the Central Executive Network, CEN; and the Salience Network, SN), as well as two domain-specific neural networks implicated in social-affective processes (the Cerebro-Cerebellar Mentalizing Network, CCMN, and the Mirror Neuron/Empathy Network, MNEN)...
May 15, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498178/supporting-implementation-research-to-improve-coverage-and-uptake-of-hiv-related-interventions
#15
Pierre Blais, Sylvia Sirivar, Joyce Seto
In 2015, Global Affairs Canada joined other members of the United Nations to establish the Sustainable Development Goals, which include the elimination of AIDS by 2030. Innovation is an important part of accelerating the response against HIV and ensuring success in eliminating AIDS by 2030. This is the reason Global Affairs Canada decided to partner with the World Health Organization, to support the INtegration and Scaling Up PMTCT through Implementation REsearch (INSPIRE) initiative, to learn how HIV interventions can be successfully integrated with other essential health services for mothers and children, especially among the most vulnerable populations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495584/food-effects-in-paediatric-medicines-development-for-products-co-administered-with-food
#16
Hannah Batchelor, Ann Marie Kaukonen, Sandra Klein, Barbara Davit, Rob Ju, Robert Ternik, Tycho Heimbach, Wen Lin, Jian Wang, David Storey
A small amount of food is commonly used to aid administration of medicines to children to improve palatability and/or swallowability. However the impact of this co-administered food on the absorption and subsequent pharmacokinetic profile of the drug is unknown. Existing information on food effects is limited to standard protocols used to evaluate the impact of a high fat meal in an adult population using the adult medication. In the absence of a substantial body of data, there are no specific guidelines available during development of paediatric products relating to low volumes of potentially low calorie food...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492862/establishing-baseline-normative-values-for-the-child-sport-concussion-assessment-tool
#17
M Alison Brooks, Traci R Snedden, Benjamin Mixis, Scott Hetzel, Timothy A McGuine
Importance: The Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT3) is a postconcussion sideline assessment tool measuring symptoms, cognition, and balance in preadolescent children. Minimal normative baseline data exist to aid decision making in clinical and athletic settings. Objective: To collect normative baseline data for the Child SCAT3 in a large cohort of young athletes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 31 to August 12, 2014, at various sporting events (basketball, soccer, baseball, and swimming) in Central Wisconsin among children 5 to 13 years of age who were English-speaking and did not report a lower leg injury within the past 2 months or a concussion within the past month...
May 8, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492190/decreased-sleep-in-children-and-their-behavioral-problems-in-dental-operatory
#18
Vinaya Kumar Kulkarni, Ami Kandya, Sakshi Arora, Garima Singh
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the contribution of inadequate sleep and its associated factors, on behavior and cooperation of children in the dental operatory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 healthy children at the time of their initial visit to the dental hospital, ranging from preschoolers to adolescents. Data acquisition was done by a questionnaire. Interview with the accompanying person was done to ask about the sleep duration, naps, and sleep habits of the child...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489152/evaluation-of-computer-generated-guidelines-for-companions-of-paediatric-patients-undergoing-chemotherapy
#19
Vagner José Lopes, Marcos Augusto Hochuli Shmeil
Objective: To compare computer-generated guidelines with and without the use of a Clinical Decision Support System - Oncology Care and Healthcare for Chemotherapy Patients, for the caregivers of children undergoing chemotherapy. Methods: This is a descriptive, evaluative, and quantitative study conducted at a paediatrics hospital in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, from December 2015 to January 2016. The sample consisted of 58 participants divided into two groups: Group 1, without the aid of software, and Group 2, with the aid of the software...
April 27, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486266/pediatric-drowning-a-standard-operating-procedure-to-aid-the-prehospital-management-of-pediatric-cardiac-arrest-resulting-from-submersion
#20
Rebecca R Best, Benjamin H L Harris, Jason L Walsh, Timothy Manfield
OBJECTIVES: Drowning is one of the leading causes of death in children. Resuscitating a child following submersion is a high-pressure situation, and standard operating procedures can reduce error. Currently, the Resuscitation Council UK guidance does not include a standard operating procedure on pediatric drowning. The objective of this project was to design a standard operating procedure to improve outcomes of drowned children. METHODS: A literature review on the management of pediatric drowning was conducted...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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