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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806309/single-center-experience-of-over-a-hundred-implantations-of-a-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-device
#1
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Daniel Hind, Kay Wright, Vicki Proctor, Larissa Greenwood, Suzanne Carrick, Jaydip Ray
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes with a novel passive transcutaneous bone conduction device (t-BCD). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective data collection and patient review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients who underwent implantation with the t-BCD between November 2013 and September 2016. INTERVENTION: Implantation of BAHA Attract. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical outcome, patient reported outcomes including the "Glasgow Benefit Inventory" and the "Client Oriented Scale of Improvement" for adults and the "Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing scale" (SSQ-12) for children...
August 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802353/hearing-loss-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#2
John S Muus, Forest W Weir, Kathryn L Kreicher, Deborah A Bowlby, Christopher M Discolo, Ted A Meyer
OBJECTIVE: Although insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been shown to be important for inner-ear development in animal models, little is known about the otologic and audiologic findings of children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). The goal of this study is to evaluate the prevalence, type, and severity of hearing impairment in children with GHD. METHODS: Audiologic, otologic, and demographic data were recorded for children with a diagnosis of GHD in the AudGen database...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800832/knowledge-of-appropriate-outpatient-pediatric-echocardiogram-ordering-in-primary-care-physicians-and-trainees
#3
Sean M Lang, Joshua A Daily, Micheal R FitzGerald, Xinyu Tang, Thomas H Best, James M Robbins, R Thomas Collins
Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the initial use of outpatient pediatric echocardiography were established to aid all clinicians in the evaluation of children with possible heart disease, and limit low diagnostic yield studies. We sought to (1) assess PCPs' and trainees' awareness of the AUC document; (2) compare their knowledge of appropriate echocardiogram ordering with that of pediatric cardiologists; and (3) identify additional medical and nonmedical factors affecting PCP echocardiogram ordering. An online survey with clinical scenarios derived from the AUC guidelines was distributed to PCPs and trainees in Arkansas, and pediatric cardiologists from Arkansas Children's Hospital and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799825/progress-toward-elimination-of-perinatal-hiv-transmission-in-kenya-analysis-of-early-infant-diagnosis-data
#4
Dunstan Achwoka, Justin Mandala, Mutugi Muriithi, Yanwu Zeng, Mario Chen, Rebecca Dirks, Martin Sirengo, Rose Wafula, Kwasi Torpey
Interrupting vertical transmission of HIV from mothers to infants provides opportunity to transform the HIV/AIDS epidemic by eliminating new infections among children. We estimate mother-to-child transmission rates of infants born to known HIV-positive mothers offered prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions and provide an indication of Kenya's progress toward elimination of perinatal transmission. We obtained from the Kenya National Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) database, all 131,451 DNA polymerase chain reaction test results of HIV-exposed infants aged 0-18 months who had dried blood spot samples taken between January 2008 and October 2013...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797081/early-life-predictors-of-adolescent-suicidal-thoughts-and-adverse-outcomes-in-two-population-based-cohort-studies
#5
Jennifer Dykxhoorn, Simon Hatcher, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: Understanding suicidality has proven challenging given the complex aetiology in early childhood. Being able to accurately predict groups at increased risk of developing suicidal thoughts may aid in the development of targeted prevention programs that mitigate increased vulnerability. Further, the predictors of suicidal thoughts may be shared with other outcomes in adolescence. Previous research has linked many factors to suicidality, so the objective of this study was to consider how these factors may act together to increase risk of suicidal thoughts and other non-mental health outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797019/associations-of-low-vitamin-d-and-elevated-parathyroid-hormone-concentrations-with-bone-mineral-density-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children
#6
Denise L Jacobson, Charles B Stephensen, Tracie L Miller, Kunjal Patel, Janet S Chen, Russell B Van Dyke, Ayesha Mirza, Gertrud U Schuster, Rohan Hazra, Angela Ellis, Sean S Brummel, Mitchell E Geffner, Margarita Silio, Stephen A Spector, Linda A DiMeglio
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children have, on average, lower bone mineral density (BMD) than perinatally HIV-exposed uninfected (PHEU) and healthy children. Low 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations may lead to suboptimal bone accrual. METHODS: PHIV and PHEU children in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study had total body (TB) and lumbar spine (LS) BMD and bone mineral content (BMC) measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; BMD z-scores (BMDz) were calculated for age and sex...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793369/mental-health-work-in-school-health-services-and-school-nurses-involvement-and-attitudes-in-a-norwegian-context
#7
Hege Skundberg-Kletthagen, Øyfrid Larsen Moen
The aim of the study was to explore school nurses' experiences with and attitudes towards working with young people with mental health problem in the school health services. BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 10-20% of children and adolescents are affected by mental health problems. When these occur during youth, they constitute a considerable burden and are one of the main causes of disability among adolescents. School nurses are at the forefront of care for children and adolescents, identifying pupils struggling with physical, mental, psychosocial, or emotional issues...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793340/neonatal-infant-and-under-five-mortalities-in-nigeria-an-examination-of-trends-and-drivers-2003-2013
#8
Oyewale Mayowa Morakinyo, Adeniyi Francis Fagbamigbe
Neonatal (NMR), infant (IMR) and under-five (U5M) mortality rates remain high in Nigeria. Evidence-based knowledge of trends and drivers of child mortality will aid proper interventions needed to combat the menace. Therefore, this study assessed the trends and drivers of NMR, IMR, and U5M over a decade in Nigeria. A nationally representative data from three consecutive Nigeria Demographic and Household Surveys (NDHS) was used. A total of 66,158 live births within the five years preceding the 2003 (6029), 2008 (28647) and 2013 (31482) NDHS were included in the analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793088/is-there-a-relationship-between-students-knowledge-of-hiv-aids-ways-of-transmission-and-their-responses-regarding-their-proximity-to-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#9
Vanessa Prado Santos, Maria Thereza Ávila Dantas Coelho, Estéfani Lima Macário, Tâmara Cerqueira da Silva Oliveira
This paper aims to identify college students' knowledge of HIV ways of transmission and correlate it with their answers concerning the proximity to people living with HIV/AIDS. We applied a questionnaire from the Brazilian Ministry of Health to 591 health undergraduate students. We analyzed the 10 questions about the virus ways of transmission, evaluating the number of correct answers and verifying the association between the number of correct answers and questions related to the proximity to people living with HIV/AIDS...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792359/-i-want-to-go-gently-how-aids-patients-in-ghana-envisage-their-deaths
#10
Fidelia N A Ohemeng, Steve Tonah
This article examines the views of persons living with AIDS about how they want to die and how they are planning for their deaths. Participants for the study were purposefully drawn from an HIV clinic in an urban town in Ghana. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 persons living with AIDS. Three preferences of death were identified by the participants. These include the desire for a quick death, death at home, and death without emaciating. Planning for death involved attending church and taking care of children...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790477/pediatric-lumbar-pedicle-screw-placement-using-navigation-templates-a-cadaveric-study
#11
Xing Wang, Jun Shi, Shojie Zhang, Zhifeng Zhang, Xiaohe Li, Zhijun Li
BACKGROUND: Pedicle screw technique is commonly used treatment of adult spinal trauma, tumor, degeneration. The application of pedicle screws is very challenging in children because children have a fast growing spine and spinal pedicle morphology of children and adult has large difference. 3 D reconstruction individual navigation templates improve the success rate of pediatric pedicle screw system. This study is aimed to provide a precise method for lumbar spine pedicle screw placement in children using computer-aided design and rapid prototyping technology...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790214/-transoral-penetrating-cranial-injury-by-a-chopstick-a-case-report
#12
Kazue Fujiwara, Fumihiro Hiraoka, Yasunobu Nakamura, Masahiko Murao, Kazuo Hanakawa, Takafumi Ide
Intracranial injury resultant from a chopstick penetrating the oral cavity is often fatal in children, and only 5 clinical cases have been reported. If the depth of penetration is indeterminable, due to the chopstick being removed or the remaining piece not being located, then injury management is challenging; here, we report such a case. A 26-month-old girl fell over with a plastic chopstick in her mouth. The chopstick was removed immediately and without breakage by her father. He noted that around 3 cm of the pointed end had pierced the palate...
August 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782457/prospective-memory-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection
#13
Lynnette L Harris, Miriam C Chernoff, Sharon L Nichols, Paige L Williams, Patricia A Garvie, Cenk Yildirim, Stephen R McCauley, Steven Paul Woods
Youth with perinatal HIV infection (PHIV) are at increased risk for neurocognitive impairment (NCI). Prospective memory (PM) is a complex neurocognitive function that has been shown to be impaired in adults with HIV disease and independently associated with poorer daily living skills, including medication nonadherence. The current study sought to determine the presence and extent of PM deficits in youth with PHIV. Participants included 173 youth with PHIV and 85 youth perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU), mean age 14...
August 7, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782101/a-survey-of-epilepsy-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-in-school-aged-children-in-bangkok-thailand
#14
C Limotai, T Manmen, K Urai, C Limarun
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the level of knowledge about epilepsy, attitude towards PWE and practice in school-aged children in Bangkok, Thailand. Significant findings from this study will be employed to develop a relevant and effective tool to educate children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study was conducted in Bangkok, Thailand, from August 2014 to December 2015. Study population included school-aged children between 9 and 14 years (4th to 8th grade)...
August 6, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780547/paediatric-asthma-control-under-a-community-management-model-in-china-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#15
Juan Xu, Yong Yin, Hao Zhang, Wen Wei Zhong, Lei Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shu Hua Yuan, Fen Zhang, Li Xia Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Childhood asthma is globally one of the most common respiratory disorders and accounts for more school absences and more hospitalizations than any other chronic illness. The worldwide economic burden of this disease exceeds those of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. Proper intervention and effective management is of paramount importance for the control and prognosis of paediatric asthma. Unfortunately, the rate of uncontrolled and partially controlled paediatric asthma in China is >90%...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#16
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774277/novel-approaches-to-the-prediction-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cardiac-late-effects-in-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-multi-centre-observational-study
#17
Amy Skitch, Seema Mital, Luc Mertens, Peter Liu, Paul Kantor, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Cedric Manlhiot, Mark Greenberg, Paul C Nathan
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity is a cause of significant morbidity and early mortality in survivors of childhood cancer. Current strategies for predicting which children are at greatest risk for toxicity are imperfect and diagnosis of cardiac injury is usually made relatively late in the natural history of the disease. This study aims to identify genomic, biomarker and imaging parameters that can be used as predictors of risk or aid in the early diagnosis of cardiotoxicity...
August 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771494/healthcare-and-sociodemographic-conditions-related-to-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-a-state-representative-population-federal-district-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Douglas Dos Santos Moreira, Muriel Bauermann Gubert
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe maternal morbidity (SMM)-a potentially life-threatening condition during pregnancy, childbirth or after termination of pregnancy-can be used as a quality indicator of the health care provided to mothers and children. The aim of this study was to investigate the SMM rate and the main factors associated with this condition among women living in the Federal District, Brazil. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based sample survey using a structured questionnaire about the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants' families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767986/mammographic-density-among-indigenous-women-in-forested-areas-in-the-state-of-amap%C3%A3-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
José Mauro Secco, Simone Elias, Cristina Valletta de Carvalho, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Kátia Jung de Campos, Gil Facina, Afonso Celso Pinto Nazário
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: There is no register of breast cancer cases among indigenous populations in Brazil. The objective here was to evaluate the association of clinical and demographic characteristics with mammographic density among indigenous women. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study conducted in indigenous territories in the state of Amapá, Brazil. METHODS: Women were recruited from three indigenous territories and underwent bilateral mammography and blood collection for hormonal analysis...
July 31, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763907/-epidemiological-investigation-of-hospitalized-children-with-burn-injury-in-a-hospital-of-qingdao
#20
X Bian, Z J Zhu, Y Wang
Objective: To investigate epidemiological characteristics of hospitalized children with burn injury in the author's affiliation, so as to provide theoretical basis for developing prevention strategies of children with burn injury. Methods: Medical records of 384 and 596 hospitalized children with burn injury, aged 0 to 12-year-old, were collected respectively from January 2001 to December 2005 and January 2011 to December 2015. Percentage of children with burn injury to total hospitalized patients with burn injury in the same period of time, age, causes of injury, gender, injury month, residence, condition of first aid measures conforming to medical standard, time of admission post injury, burn degree, and operation condition of children with burn injury were analyzed...
July 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
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