keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

up date

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324092/association-between-choice-of-radical-prostatectomy-external-beam-radiotherapy-brachytherapy-or-active-surveillance-and-patient-reported-quality-of-life-among-men-with-localized-prostate-cancer
#1
Ronald C Chen, Ramsankar Basak, Anne-Marie Meyer, Tzy-Mey Kuo, William R Carpenter, Robert P Agans, James R Broughman, Bryce B Reeve, Matthew E Nielsen, Deborah S Usinger, Kiayni C Spearman, Sarah Walden, Dianne Kaleel, Mary Anderson, Til Stürmer, Paul A Godley
Importance: Patients diagnosed with localized prostate cancer have to decide among treatment strategies that may differ in their likelihood of adverse effects. Objective: To compare quality of life (QOL) after radical prostatectomy, external beam radiotherapy, and brachytherapy vs active surveillance. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based prospective cohort of 1141 men (57% participation among eligible men) with newly diagnosed prostate cancer were enrolled from January 2011 through June 2013 in collaboration with the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323934/menopausal-hormone-therapy-and-type-2-diabetes-prevention-evidence-mechanisms-and-clinical-implications
#2
Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, JoAnn E Manson, John C Stevenson, Vivian A Fonseca
Type 2 diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in the US. Large randomized controlled trials suggest that menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) delays the onset of type 2 diabetes in women. Still, the mechanisms and clinical implications of these associations are a matter of controversy. This review provides an up-to-date analysis and integration of epidemiological, clinical and basic studies, and proposes a mechanistic explanation for the effect of menopause and MHT on type 2 diabetes development and prevention...
March 8, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#3
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323667/central-venous-access-in-children-indications-devices-and-risks
#4
Guillermo Ares, Catherine J Hunter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Central venous catheters (CVCs) have a prominent role in the diagnostic and therapy of neonates and children. Herein, we describe the multiple indications for CVC use and the different devices available for central venous access. Given the prevalent use of CVCs, healthcare systems are focused on reducing complications from their use, particularly central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). The most up-to-date information available sheds light on best practices and future areas of investigation...
March 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320050/the-practice-pattern-of-hepatitis-b-testing-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-a-cross-national-comparison-between-us-and-taiwan
#5
Tzu-Chieh Lin, Nikroo Hashemi, Seoyoung C Kim, Yea-Huei Kao Yang, Kazuki Yoshida, Sara Tedeschi, Rishi Desai, Daniel H Solomon
OBJECTIVE: The Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) testing rates and patterns in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients starting disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) have not been well studied. We describe and compare the practice patterns of HBV testing among RA patients in U.S. and Taiwan. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including RA patients starting first DMARD in U.S. or Taiwan. The first date patients newly received any DMARD was defined as the index date, and the 1-year period before the index date was the baseline period...
March 20, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319910/the-role-of-vasopressin-and-the-vasopressin-type-v1a-receptor-agonist-selepressin-in-septic-shock
#6
REVIEW
Antonio F Saad, Marc O Maybauer
Septic shock remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the critically ill. Despite early goal therapy and administration of cathecholaminergic agents, up to 30% of patients succumb to the disease. In this manuscript, we first summarize the standard of care of patients with septic shock and current guidelines. We review the physiologic role of vasopressin and its role in septic shock management. We then review the most up-to-date evidence on the potential role of V1a receptor agonists such as Selepressin, in septic shock...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319242/quality-of-cancer-surveillance-clinical-practice-guidelines-specificity-and-consistency-of-recommendations
#7
Ryan P Merkow, Deborah Korenstein, Rubaya Yeahia, Peter B Bach, Shrujal S Baxi
Importance: Primary care clinicians, who are increasingly responsible for caring for the growing population of cancer survivors, may be unfamiliar with appropriate cancer surveillance strategies. Clinical practice guidelines can inform cancer follow-up care and surveillance testing. Vague recommendations and inconsistencies among guidelines can lead to overuse and underuse of health care resources and have a negative impact on cost and quality of survivorship care. Objective: To examine the specificity and consistency of recommendations for surveillance after active treatment across cancer guidelines...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318956/carotid-endarterectomy-to-remove-retained-solitaire-stent-retriever-inside-carotid-stent-after-mechanical-thrombectomy
#8
Mary In-Ping Huang Cobb, Tony P Smith, Patrick A Brown, L Fernando Gonzalez, Ali R Zomorodi
BACKGROUND: Tandem occlusions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) occur in up to a third of patients with acute ischemic strokes undergoing endovascular mechanical thrombectomy. Understanding open neurosurgical management of associated complications with this procedure is important. CASE REPORT: A 67-year-old man with acute onset of left hemiparesis and a tandem right ICA and MCA occlusion. He underwent carotid stent angioplasty of a stenotic ICA, followed by attempted Solitaire stent retrieval of an MCA clot...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318838/do-paranoid-delusions-exist-on-a-continuum-with-subclinical-paranoia-a-multi-method-taxometric-study
#9
A Elahi, G Perez Algorta, F Varese, J C McIntyre, R P Bentall
BACKGROUND: There is widespread interest in whether psychosis exists on a continuum with healthy functioning. Previous research has implied that paranoia, a common symptom of psychosis, exists on a continuum but this has not been investigated using samples including both patients and non-patients and up-to-date taxometric methods. AIM: To assess the latent structure of paranoia in a diverse sample using taxometric methods. METHOD: We obtained data from 2836 participants, including the general population as well as at-risk mental state and psychotic patients using the P-scale of the Paranoia and Deservedness Scale...
March 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318418/sexuality-and-everydayness-in-a-transnational-context-toward-a-re-imagined-west-china-relationship
#10
Yingying Huang
This paper examines how Chinese immigrants to Canada perceive and experience sexuality in a transnational context as revealed in a qualitative study. It identifies cultural interactions and tensions between 'the West' and 'China' embedded in participants' sexual narratives. Three thematic aspects of sexuality are explored: different views toward 'relationships' and how sex is involved in different stages of a relationship; physical desire and sexual attraction based on individuals' dialogues with contemporaries and their own cross-racial dating experience; and perceptions of sexual risks associated with an increasing awareness of China's opening up, in particular risks associated with attitudes towards condom use...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318337/the-association-of-timing-of-disease-modifying-drug-initiation-and-relapse-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-using-electronic-health-records
#11
Frank A Corvino, David Oliveri, Amy L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: A large, US de-identified electronic health record (EHR) database (Optum-Humedica de-identified Electronic Health Record dataset) was used to evaluate whether earlier disease-modifying drug (DMD) treatment initiation was associated with improved outcomes in MS. METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients from 1/1/2008-8/30/2014 (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code: 340.xx; first MS diagnosis = index date) with healthcare activity 1 year pre- and 2-years post-index, and who initiated DMD treatment during the 2-year follow-up period, were included...
March 20, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318219/structural-exfoliation-of-layered-cathode-under-high-voltage-and-its-suppression-by-interface-film-derived-from-electrolyte-additive
#12
Yunmin Zhu, Xueyi Luo, Huozhen Zhi, Xuerui Yang, Lidan Xing, Youhao Liao, Mengqing Xu, Weishan Li
Layered cathodes for lithium-ion battery, including LiCo1-x-yNixMnyO2 and xLi2MnO3·(1-x) LiMO2 (M=Mn, Ni and Co), are attractive for large scale applications such as electric vehicles, because they can deliver additional specific capacity when the end of charge voltage is improved to over 4.2 V. However, operation under a high voltage might cause capacity decaying of layered cathodes during cycling. The failure mechanisms that have been given, up to date, include the electrolyte oxidation decomposition, the Ni, Co or Mn ion dissolution and the phase transformation...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317621/uric-acid-excretion-predicts-increased-blood-pressure-among-american-adolescents-of-african-descent
#13
Sylvie Mrug, Michal Mrug, Anjana Madan Morris, Nina Reynolds, Anita Patel, Danielle C Hill, Daniel I Feig
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia predicts the incidence of hypertension in adults and its treatment has blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects in adolescents. To date, no studies have examined the predictive usage of hyperuricemia or urinary uric acid excretion on BP changes in adolescents. Mechanistic models suggest that uric acid impairs both endothelial function and vascular compliance, which would potentially exacerbate a myriad of hypertensive mechanisms, yet little is known about interaction of uric acid and other hypertension risk factors...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317607/nutritional-aspects-of-dysphagia-management
#14
C Gallegos, E Brito-de la Fuente, P Clavé, A Costa, G Assegehegn
This chapter describes the nutritional aspects of dysphagia management by starting with the definition of these two conditions (dysphagia and malnutrition) that share three main clinical characteristics: (a) their prevalence is very high, (b) they can lead to severe complications, and (c) they are frequently underrecognized and neglected conditions. From an anatomical standpoint, dysphagia can result from oropharyngeal and/or esophageal causes; from a pathophysiological perspective, dysphagia can be caused by organic or structural diseases (either benign or malignant) or diseases causing impaired physiology (mainly motility and/or perception disorders)...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317581/radical-prostatectomy-in-denmark-survival-analysis-and-temporal-trends-in-clinicopathological-parameters-with-up-to-20-years-of-follow-up
#15
Mikael Heering, Kasper Drimer Berg, Klaus Brasso, Peter Iversen, Martin Andreas Røder
OBJECTIVES: To describe mortality, cause of death, and temporal trends in clinicopathological parameters with up to 20 years of follow-up in a nationwide cohort of prostate cancer (PCa) patients who underwent radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6857 patients with PCa treated with RP at six different hospitals in Denmark between 1995 and 2011. Data were extracted from the nationwide DaPCa database. Histopathology reports from the RP specimens were manually reviewed...
March 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317575/infection-control-in-the-dental-office
#16
REVIEW
Francesco R Sebastiani, Harry Dym, Tarun Kirpalani
The goal of an infection control program is to provide a safe working environment for dental health care personnel and their patients. Practitioners can achieve this by adopting measures that reduce health care-associated infections among patients and occupational exposures among dental health care personnel. It is crucial for all dental practitioners to be up to date on current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines, equipment, and techniques for proper infection control. Continuous evaluation of infection control practices is important...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317513/trait-anger-and-partner-specific-anger-management-moderate-the-temporal-association-between-alcohol-use-and-dating-violence
#17
Ryan C Shorey, James K McNulty, Todd M Moore, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Research demonstrates alcohol temporally precedes and increases the odds of violence between intimate partners. However, despite an extensive theoretical literature on factors that likely moderate the relationship between alcohol and dating violence, minimal empirical research has examined such moderators. METHOD: The purpose of the present study was to examine two potential moderators of this association: trait anger and partner-specific anger management...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317260/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-trophoblast-cell-models-reveals-their-differential-phenotypes-potential-uses-and-limitations
#18
Paulina B Szklanna, Kieran Wynne, Marie Nolan, Karl Egan, Fionnuala Ní Áinle, Patricia B Maguire
Trophoblastic cell lines are widely used in in vitro studies of placental function as a surrogate for primary trophoblasts. To date, no reference proteomics dataset exists to directly compare the shared and unique characteristics of these cells. Here, we performed comparative proteomic profiling of the BeWo and HTR8/SVneo cell lines using label-free quantitative mass spectrometry. 1557 proteins were identified, which included 338 uniquely attributed to BeWo cells, and a further 304 specifically identified in HTR8/SVneo cells...
March 20, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317200/self-limiting-non-medical-pharmaceutical-opioid-use-among-young-people-in-sydney-australia-an-exploratory-study
#19
George C Dertadian, Thomas C Dixon, Jennifer Iversen, Lisa Maher
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Indicators suggest an escalation in opioid use globally, with recent HIV outbreaks linked to non-medical pharmaceutical opioid (NMPO) use. Little is known about how young Australians engage in NMPO use. DESIGN AND METHODS: During 2015, we conducted qualitative interviews with young people (16-29 years) who reported oral NMPO use at least twice in the past 90 days. The study included a sample of injecting (n = 14) and oral (n = 22) users...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317136/noninvasive-prenatal-screening-at-low-fetal-fraction-comparing-whole-genome-sequencing-and-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-methods
#20
Carlo G Artieri, Carrie Haverty, Eric A Evans, James D Goldberg, Imran S Haque, Yuval Yaron, Dale Muzzey
OBJECTIVE: Performance of noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) methodologies when applied to low fetal fraction samples is not well established. The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) method fails samples below a predetermined fetal fraction threshold, whereas some laboratories employing the whole-genome sequencing (WGS) method report aneuploidy calls for all samples. Here, the performance of the two methods was compared to determine which approach actually detects more fetal aneuploidies...
March 20, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
keyword
keyword
105702
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"