keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

up date

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052816/depressive-symptoms-predict-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-therapy-noncompliance-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Alexis Calloway, Robin Dalal, Dawn B Beaulieu, Caroline Duley, Kimberly Annis, Lawrence Gaines, Chris Slaughter, David A Schwartz, Sara Horst
BACKGROUND: Noncompliance in use of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in patients with moderate-to-severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be a factor in medication failure. Few studies have evaluated the contribution of depressive symptoms to medication noncompliance in anti-TNF therapies. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in a single-center tertiary care IBD center for patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis starting anti-TNF therapy over a 2-year period...
October 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052687/association-between-early-life-antibiotic-use-and-the-risk-of-islet-or-celiac-disease-autoimmunity
#2
Kaisa M Kemppainen, Kendra Vehik, Kristian F Lynch, Helena Elding Larsson, Ronald J Canepa, Ville Simell, Sibylle Koletzko, Edwin Liu, Olli G Simell, Jorma Toppari, Anette G Ziegler, Marian J Rewers, Åke Lernmark, William A Hagopian, Jin-Xiong She, Beena Akolkar, Desmond A Schatz, Mark A Atkinson, Martin J Blaser, Jeffrey P Krischer, Heikki Hyöty, Daniel Agardh, Eric W Triplett
Importance: Evidence is lacking regarding the consequences of antibiotic use in early life and the risk of certain autoimmune diseases. Objective: To test the association between early-life antibiotic use and islet or celiac disease (CD) autoimmunity in genetically at-risk children prospectively followed up for type 1 diabetes (T1D) or CD. Design, Setting, and Participants: HLA-genotyped newborns from Finland, Germany, Sweden, and the United States were enrolled in the prospective birth cohort of The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study between November 20, 2004, and July 8, 2010...
October 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052110/developing-a-novel-model-to-improve-research-and-care-for-cancer-survivors-a-feasibility-study
#3
Shoshana M Rosenberg, Jennifer A Ligibel, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Eric D Jacobsen, Judy E Garber, Larissa Nekhlyudov, Craig A Bunnell, Patricia Nutting, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Sarah K Walsh, Ann H Partridge
Despite a growing number of clinical trials and supportive care programs for cancer survivors, recruitment of patients for these opportunities during the survivorship phase of care is challenging. We piloted a novel process to systematically educate patients about available research studies and supportive care programs as part of a survivorship care visit. Between 3/2015 and 8/2015, patients seen in the Adult Survivorship Program who had not previously received a treatment summary and survivorship care plan (TS/SCP) were provided with one accompanied by a list of survivorship research studies and care programs tailored to their diagnosis...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052069/robotic-single-site-versus-multiport-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-matched-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-costs
#4
Monika E Hagen, Alexandre Balaphas, Michele Podetta, Peter Rohner, Minoa K Jung, Nicolas C Buchs, Leo Buehler, Jona M Mendoza, Philippe Morel
BACKGROUND: Multiport laparoscopy is the gold-standard approach for cholecystectomy, and single-port laparoscopy has been developed to further reduce its invasiveness. A specific robotic single-port platform (da Vinci single-site, Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) has been released in 2011, which could technically facilitate single-site cholecystectomy. Current data show its feasibility; however, detailed short- and long-term analyses of costs and comparisons relative to multiport laparoscopy are not available to date...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051924/pre-vaccine-circulating-group-a-rotavirus-strains-in-under-5-years-children-with-acute-diarrhea-during-1999-2013-in-cameroon
#5
Paul Koki Ndombo, Valantine N Ndze, Charles Fokunang, Taku Nadesh Ashukem, Angeline Boula, Mina N Kinkela, Corlins E Ndode, Mapaseka L Seheri, Michael D Bowen, Diane Waku-Kouomou, Mathew D Esona
The aim of this review was to assess all the studies on rotavirus G and P characterization during the pre-vaccine period (1999-2013) in Cameroon to have a better basis for post-vaccine introduction evaluations. A retrospective study was done through a comprehensive review of published (PubMed, Google Scholar) and accessible unpublished data on rotavirus G and P genotypes circulating in five regions of Cameroon. Descriptive data were expressed as frequencies tables and proportions. A total of 1844 rotavirus positive cases were analyzed...
August 2017: Virology (Lond)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051869/case-of-acute-concomitant-rupture-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-patellar-tendon-of-knee-surgical-decision-making-and-outcome
#6
Jithin Orville Lobo, Joe Joseph Cherian, Arnav Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Acute concomitant rupture of both anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patellar tendon is a rare injury. The diagnosis of either of the injuries may be missed on clinical examination in the emergency room. A high index of suspicion is necessary when active extension is absent, and necessary investigations like ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) should be done to confirm the diagnosis. There are no fixed treatment protocols in these injuries. The options include immediate repair of patellar tendon with either simultaneous or delayed reconstruction of ACL...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#7
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051205/two-center-experience-in-the-endovascular-treatment-of-ruptured-and-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-using-the-web-device-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
J Popielski, A Berlis, W Weber, S Fischer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The safety and efficacy of the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) device for the treatment of cerebral aneurysms has been investigated in several studies. Our objective was to report the experience of 2 neurovascular centers with the WEB device in the treatment of broad-based intracranial aneurysms, including the technical feasibility and safety as well as short- and midterm angiographic and clinical follow-up-results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all ruptured and unruptured aneurysms treated with a WEB device (WEB Single-Layer and Single-Layer Sphere) between August 2014 and February 2017...
October 19, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051194/haploid-selection-favours-suppressed-recombination-between-sex-chromosomes-despite-causing-biased-sex-ratios
#9
Michael F Scott, Sarah P Otto
To date, research on the evolution of sex chromosomes has focused on sexually antagonistic selection among diploids, which has been shown to be a potent driver of the strata and reduced recombination that characterize many sex chromosomes. However, significant selection can also occur on haploid genotypes during less conspicuous life cycle stages, e.g., competition among sperm/pollen or meiotic drive during gamete/spore production. These haploid selective processes are typically sex-specific, e.g., gametic/gametophytic competition typically occurs among sperm/pollen and meiotic drive typically occurs during either spermatogenesis or oogenesis...
October 19, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050916/platelet-rich-plasma-and-growth-factors-cocktails-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-treatment-state-of-art-developments-and-future-prospects
#10
REVIEW
I V Gonchar, A R Lipunov, I M Afanasov, V Larina, A P Faller, A V Kibardin
Current advances in diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) treatment are discussed. Normal and pathological wound healing process are observed and the role of growth factors (GFs) is elucidated. Current techniques involving GFs and platelet rich plasma (PRP) are compared. Up-to-date research suggests that treatment with single growth factor (GF) could be insufficient and not encompassing all pathological changes in DFU bed. Efficiency of PRP is rather controversial and lacks evidence. Thus the use of cocktail of particular GFs is suggested...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049914/t-2-toxin-induces-cytotoxicity-and-disrupts-tight-junction-barrier-in-serw3-cells
#11
Elif Karacaoğlu, Güldeniz Selmanoğlu
T-2 toxin, which is produced in grain and grain products as a secondary metabolite by Fusarium species, is also potentially dangerous for human health. Up to date, no study was reported the cytotoxicity of T-2 toxin on SerW3 cells in the perspective of junctional barriers. This study focused on revealing the cytotoxic effects of T-2 on Sertoli cells associated with cell junctional barriers. In the present study, SerW3 cells were exposed to T-2 toxin at 12, 120 and 1200ng/ml doses for 24 and 48h. Cytotoxicity tests including cell viability (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) cytotoxicity test and trypan blue exclusion assay were performed...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049654/association-of-blood-transfusion-from-female-donors-with-and-without-a-history-of-pregnancy-with-mortality-among-male-and-female-transfusion-recipients
#12
Camila Caram-Deelder, Aukje L Kreuger, Dorothea Evers, Karen M K de Vooght, Daan van de Kerkhof, Otto Visser, Nathalie C V Péquériaux, Francisca Hudig, Jaap Jan Zwaginga, Johanna G van der Bom, Rutger A Middelburg
Importance: Transfusion of red blood cells from female donors has been associated with increased mortality in male recipients. Objective: To quantify the association between red blood cell transfusion from female donors with and without a history of pregnancy and mortality of red blood cell recipients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of first-time transfusion recipients at 6 major Dutch hospitals enrolled from May 30, 2005, to September 1, 2015; the final follow-up date was September 1, 2015...
October 17, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049617/survival-results-of-postoperative-coronary-angiogram-for-treatment-of-perioperative-myocardial-ischaemia-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-single-centre-experience
#13
Maximilian J Preußer, Jan Landwehrt, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Fausto Biancari, Abdul R Dakkak, Mosab Alshakaki, Sven Martens, Angelo M Dell'Aquila
OBJECTIVES: Although perioperative myocardial ischaemia (PMI) is a well-known complication following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), standard strategies for its diagnosis and treatment are so far not defined. In this study, we sought to evaluate the impact on survival of postoperative coronary angiogram for management of patients with PMI after CABG. METHODS: Overall, 4028 patients underwent isolated CABG in a single-centre institution between January 2006 and September 2013...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049585/association-between-biomarkers-of-ovarian-reserve-and-infertility-among-older-women-of-reproductive-age
#14
Anne Z Steiner, David Pritchard, Frank Z Stanczyk, James S Kesner, Juliana W Meadows, Amy H Herring, Donna D Baird
Importance: Despite lack of evidence of their utility, biomarkers of ovarian reserve are being promoted as potential markers of reproductive potential. Objective: To determine the associations between biomarkers of ovarian reserve and reproductive potential among women of late reproductive age. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective time-to-pregnancy cohort study (2008 to date of last follow-up in March 2016) of women (N = 981) aged 30 to 44 years without a history of infertility who had been trying to conceive for 3 months or less, recruited from the community in the Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina, area...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049469/the-effectiveness-of-injectable-extended-release-naltrexone-vs-daily-buprenorphine-naloxone-for-opioid-dependence-a-randomized-clinical-noninferiority-trial
#15
Lars Tanum, Kristin Klemmetsby Solli, Zill-E-Huma Latif, Jurate Šaltyte Benth, Arild Opheim, Kamni Sharma-Haase, Peter Krajci, Nikolaj Kunøe
Importance: To date, extended-release naltrexone hydrochloride has not previously been compared directly with opioid medication treatment (OMT), currently the most commonly prescribed treatment for opioid dependence. Objective: To determine whether treatment with extended-release naltrexone will be as effective as daily buprenorphine hydrochloride with naloxone hydrochloride in maintaining abstinence from heroin and other illicit substances in newly detoxified individuals...
October 18, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049404/low-complexity-microbiota-in-the-duodenum-of-children-with-newly-diagnosed-ulcerative-colitis
#16
Fei Sjöberg, Cecilia Barkman, Intawat Nookaew, Sofia Östman, Ingegerd Adlerberth, Robert Saalman, Agnes E Wold
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by gut dysbiosis. To date, the large bowel microbiota has been in focus. However, the microbiota of the small intestine may also be of importance, as the small bowel is a site for the induction and control of mucosal immune responses, which can be modulated by constituents of the local microbiota. METHODS: Duodenal fluids were collected during diagnostic work-up of treatment-naïve children who were suspected of having IBD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047514/evaluation-of-adaptively-enhanced-two-shot-fringe-pattern-phase-and-amplitude-demodulation-methods
#17
Dominika Saide, Maciej Trusiak, Krzysztof Patorski
Phase-shifting interferometry is a standard tool in optical metrology. Most frequently, it needs three or more interferograms to solve the system of fringe equations for phase or amplitude retrieval, which limits its time resolution. Recently, the topic of two-shot, arbitrary-phase-step fringe pattern phase and amplitude demodulation has been flourishing and attracting attention with several novel and interesting methods being proposed. In this work, we evaluate six up-to-date two-shot phase-shifting methods analyzing their main error sources and proposing efficient ways to minimize their influence by adaptive filtering using the Hilbert-Huang transform...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047393/the-human-behaviour-change-project-harnessing-the-power-of-artificial-intelligence-and-machine-learning-for-evidence-synthesis-and-interpretation
#18
Susan Michie, James Thomas, Marie Johnston, Pol Mac Aonghusa, John Shawe-Taylor, Michael P Kelly, Léa A Deleris, Ailbhe N Finnerty, Marta M Marques, Emma Norris, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Robert West
BACKGROUND: Behaviour change is key to addressing both the challenges facing human health and wellbeing and to promoting the uptake of research findings in health policy and practice. We need to make better use of the vast amount of accumulating evidence from behaviour change intervention (BCI) evaluations and promote the uptake of that evidence into a wide range of contexts. The scale and complexity of the task of synthesising and interpreting this evidence, and increasing evidence timeliness and accessibility, will require increased computer support...
October 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047098/emerging-role-of-micrornas-and-long-noncoding-rnas-in-healthy-and-diseased-lung
#19
Jun-Hua Xiao, Qiong-Yu Hao, Katie Wang, Jes Paul, Yong-Xiao Wang
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complex and multifactorial disease. An inability to fully unravel the molecular complexities has led to various clinical challenges in developing new therapies for this disease. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are RNA molecules with limited ability of coding proteins. The amount of ncRNAs is up to 98% of the whole genome's transcripts. Many ncRNAs with a regulatory function of genes have been identified to date and found to act at various steps along the protein biosynthetic process, which includes transcription, RNA maturation, translation, and protein degradation...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046614/long-term-effects-of-nurse-led-individualized-education-on-middle-aged-patients-with-acute-coronary-synrome-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study examined the long-term effects of nurse-led, individualized education on self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in middle-aged patients with new-onset acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. A cardiovascular nurse provided individualized education to the intervention group (n = 32), and self-efficacy, self-care compliance, and HRQoL at baseline and 3 and 12 months after discharge were compared to those of a control group (n = 30)...
2017: BMC Nursing
keyword
keyword
105702
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"