keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

T

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346958/-role-of-laser-resection-in-pulmonary-metastasectomy
#1
S Macherey, F Doerr, T Wahlers, K Hekmat
Objectives This review presents laser resection as treatment option in pulmonary metastasectomy and summarizes the current evidence. Moreover, it includes the comparison of laser resection and common techniques used in lung metastasectomy. Methods We performed a systematic literature research in Medline and the Cochrane library to detect case series and even randomized trials. All included studies underwent qualitative analysis. Results Laser metastasectomy is a safe procedure. Data regarding relevant clinical end points as hospitalization, duration of chest tube drainage and long-term survival are heterogeneous and still controversial...
March 27, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346957/-a-young-asylum-seeker-with-hemoptysis-and-positive-tuberculosis-screening-not-always-tuberculosis
#2
T Stevens, S B Schwarz, F S Magnet, W Windisch
This paper reports on the case of a 19 year old asylum seeker from Eritrea who presented with hemoptysis, a positive tuberculosis screening (Enzyme Linked Immuno Spot Assay - EliSpot) and mushy faeces submitted with a suspected diagnosis of tuberculosis. Laboratory testing revealed thrombopenia, leukopenia and eosinophilia, while the chest X-ray was inconspicuous. Acid-proof rod bacteria were neither evident in bronchoscopy samples nor in expectorated sputum samples. However, sonographic findings showed a profound splenomegaly, and laboratory testing revealed a Schistosoma mansoni infection...
March 27, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346936/differential-establishment-of-bifidobacteria-in-the-breastfed-infant-gut
#3
Zachery T Lewis, David A Mills
The composition of an infant's gut microbiome can impact their immediate and long-term health. Bifdobacteria play a major role in structuring the gut microbiome of breastfed infants due to their ability to consume oligosaccharides found in human milk. However, recent studies have revealed that bifidobacteria are often absent in the gut microbiome of breastfed infants in some locations. This lack of colonization may be due either to differences in the environmental conditions in the gastrointestinal tract of uncolonized infants which prohibit the growth of bifidobacteria or a dearth of sources from which infants may acquire these specialized bacterial species...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346910/occurrence-temporal-variation-and-estrogenic-burden-of-five-parabens-in-sewage-sludge-collected-across-the-united-states
#4
Jing Chen, Benny F G Pycke, Bruce J Brownawell, Chad A Kinney, Edward T Furlong, Dana W Kolpin, Rolf U Halden
Five parabens used as preservatives in pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were measured in sewage sludges collected at 14 U.S. wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) located in nine states. Detected concentration ranges (ng/g, dry weight) and frequencies were as follows: methyl paraben (15.9 to 203.0; 100%), propyl paraben (0.5 to 7.7; 100%), ethyl paraben (<0.6 to 2.6; 63%), butyl paraben (<0.4 to 4.3; 42%) and benzyl paraben (<0.4 to 3.3; 26%). The estrogenicity inherent to the sum of parabens detected in sewage sludge (ranging from 10...
March 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346884/automatic-measurement-of-melanoma-depth-of-invasion-in-skin-histopathological-images
#5
Hongming Xu, Richard Berendt, Naresh Jha, Mrinal Mandal
Measurement of melanoma depth of invasion (DoI) in skin tissues is of great significance in grading the severity of skin disease and planning patient's treatment. However, accurate and automatic measurement of melanocytic tumor depth is a challenging problem mainly due to the difficulty of skin granular identification and melanoma detection. In this paper, we propose a technique for measuring melanoma DoI in microscopic images digitized from MART1 (i.e., meleanoma-associated antigen recognized by T cells) stained skin histopathological sections...
March 10, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346813/protein-supplementation-does-not-affect-myogenic-adaptations-to-resistance-training
#6
Paul T Reidy, Christopher S Fry, Sherry Igbinigie, Rachel R Deer, Kristofer Jennings, Mark B Cope, Ratna Mukherjea, Elena Volpi, Blake B Rasmussen
It has been proposed that protein supplementation during resistance exercise training enhances muscle hypertrophy. The degree of hypertrophy during training is controlled in part through activation of satellite cells and myonuclear accretion. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of protein supplementation (and the type of protein) during traditional resistance training on myofiber cross-sectional-area, satellite cell content and myonuclear addition. METHODS: Healthy young men participated in supervised whole body progressive resistance training 3d/wk for 12 weeks...
February 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346793/early-immune-responses-to-marek-s-disease-vaccines
#7
Mohammad Heidari, Dan Wang, Shuhong Sun
Marek's disease virus (MDV), a highly cell-associated lymphotropic α-herpesvirus, is the causative agent of Marek's disease (MD) in domestic chickens. MDV replicates in chicken cells and establishes a latent infection within CD4(+) T cells. Although MD vaccines have been in use for several decades, the exact mechanism of vaccine-induced protection is unclear. It is believed that the innate immune system plays a role in vaccine-induced immunity against pathogenic strains of MDV. To shed light on the possible function of the innate immunity in vaccine-mediated protection, we investigated the effect of vaccination, Rispens/CVI988, on the activation of cellular components of the innate immune system by analyzing the expression pattern of select immune-related genes in the cecal tonsils (CT) and duodenum of two MD-susceptible and MD-resistant chicken lines at 3, 5, and 10 days postvaccination (dpv)...
March 27, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346747/agreement-between-cytotechnologists-and-cytopathologists-as-a-new-measure-of-cytopathologist-performance-in-gynecologic-cytology
#8
Andrew M Quinn, Abu T Minhajuddin, Linda S Hynan, Joan S Reisch, Edmund S Cibas
BACKGROUND: Although objective measures of cytotechnologist (CT) and cytopathologist (CP) performance exist, challenges remain. Two assumptions deserve examination: CPs' interpretations are correct, and CTs and CPs render interpretations independently of each other. This study presents a CT-CP interpretation comparison and provides insight into these assumptions. METHODS: Every gynecologic cytology specimen examined by both a CT and a CP from December 2004 to March 2015 was extracted from the laboratory information system; glandular interpretations were excluded...
March 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346724/acclimation-of-bloom-forming-and-perennial-seaweeds-to-elevated-pco2-conserved-across-levels-of-environmental-complexity
#9
Dong Xu, C-Elisa Schaum, Fan Lin, Ke Sun, James R Munroe, Xiao W Zhang, Xiao Fan, Lin H Teng, Yi T Wang, Zhi Z Zhuang, Nai H Ye
Macroalgae contribute approximately 15% of the primary productivity in coastal marine ecosystems, fix up to 27.4 Tg of carbon per year, and provide important structural components for life in coastal waters. Despite this ecological and commercial importance, direct measurements and comparisons of the short-term responses to elevated pCO2 in seaweeds with different life-history strategies are scarce. Here, we cultured several seaweed species (bloom-forming/non-bloom-forming/perennial/annual) in the laboratory, in tanks in an in-door mesocosm facility, and in coastal mesocosms under pCO2 levels ranging from 400 μatm to 2000 μatm...
March 27, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346723/a-systematic-review-of-genetic-syndromes-with-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Y Kaur, R J de Souza, W T Gibson, D Meyre
Syndromic monogenic obesity typically follows Mendelian patterns of inheritance and involves the co-presentation of other characteristics, such as mental retardation, dysmorphic features and organ-specific abnormalities. Previous reviews on obesity have reported 20 to 30 syndromes but no systematic review has yet been conducted on syndromic obesity. We searched seven databases using terms such as 'obesity', 'syndrome' and 'gene' to conduct a systematic review of literature on syndromic obesity. Our literature search identified 13,719 references...
March 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346719/reduced-th22-cell-proportion-and-prevention-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-infants-following-maternal-probiotic-supplementation
#11
Anne Dorthea Bjerkenes Rø, Melanie Rae Simpson, Torstein Baade Rø, Ola Storrø, Roar Johnsen, Vibeke Videm, Torbjørn Øien
In the randomized, controlled study Probiotics in the Prevention of Allergy among Children in Trondheim (ProPACT), maternal probiotic supplementation reduced the incidence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in the offspring. In the current study, we hypothesized that the effect was mediated by a shift in the T helper (Th) cells in the children. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Th cell proportions were affected by maternal probiotic supplementation and thus could mediate the preventive effect of probiotics on AD...
March 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346718/modulation-of-the-rat-micturition-reflex-with-transcutaneous-ultrasound
#12
Daniel P Casella, Anne G Dudley, Douglass B Clayton, John C Pope, Stacy T Tanaka, John Thomas, Mark C Adams, John W Brock, Charles F Caskey
INTRODUCTION: Low intensity focused ultrasound has recently been identified as a novel method of stimulating targeted neurons. We hypothesized that ultrasound stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve would inhibit bladder contractions in an established rat model of rhythmic bladder contractions. METHODS: Cyclical detrusor contractions were initiated by placing a transurethral catheter in female rats and infusing saline into the bladder. Transcutaneous ultrasound pulses were then delivered to the lower extremity of a rat (overlying the posterior tibial nerve) using a single element spherically focused 250 kHz transducer...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346697/car-t-cell-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Carl J DeSelm, Zachary E Tano, Anna M Varghese, Prasad S Adusumilli
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy utilizes genetic engineering to redirect a patient's own T cells to target cancer cells. The remarkable results in hematological malignancies prompted investigating this approach in solid tumors such as pancreatic cancer. The complex tumor microenvironment, stromal hindrance in limiting immune response, and expression of checkpoint blockade on T cells pose hurdles. Herein, we summarize the opportunities, challenges, and state of knowledge in targeting pancreatic cancer with CAR T-cell therapy...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346680/human-papillomavirus-in-cervical-cancer-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-one-cause-two-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Tara A Berman, John T Schiller
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes greater than 5% of cancers worldwide, including all cervical cancers and an alarmingly increasing proportion of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs). Despite markedly reduced cervical cancer incidence in industrialized nations with organized screening programs, cervical cancer remains the second most common cause of death from cancer in women worldwide, as developing countries lack resources for universal, high-quality screening. In the United States, HPV-related OPC is only 1 of 5 cancers with a rising incidence since 1975 and now has taken over the cervix as the most common site of HPV-related cancer...
March 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346668/demographic-and-preliminary-employment-data-of-the-first-two-graduate-cohorts-from-a-rural-veterinary-school
#15
J H Hyams, S L Raidal, L M Hayes, J Heller
OBJECTIVE: To report initial career experiences and graduate employment destinations 1 and 5 years following graduation of the 67 graduates from the first two graduating classes of the veterinary science program at Charles Sturt University. DESIGN: Online survey of graduates from the 2010 and 2011 cohorts undertaken 12 months following course completion and descriptive data on graduate practice locations 5 years post-graduation. PROCEDURE: Questions covered general demographic information, issues relating to work-life balance and factors influencing vocational choices...
April 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346662/intravenous-immunoglobulin-contributes-to-control-anti-melanoma-differentiation-associated-protein-5-mda5-antibody-associated-dermatomyositis-with-palmar-violaceous-macules-papules
#16
H Koguchi-Yoshioka, N Okiyama, K Iwamoto, Y Matsumura, T Ogawa, S Inoue, R Watanabe, M Fujimot
Autoantibodies to melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) are associated with a subset of dermatomyositis (DM) patients who have rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) with poor prognosis. Intensive immunosuppressive therapy is initiated before irreversible lung damage can occur; however, there are few lines of evidence for the treatment of RP-ILD. Here, we report 3 cases of anti-MDA5 antibody-associated DM with RP-ILD in which the patients were treated with combined modality therapy including high-dose prednisolone, tacrolimus, intravenous cyclophosphamide, and immunoglobulins (IVIG)...
March 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346636/airway-foreign-body-occurring-during-in-office-vocal-fold-injection
#17
Pamela Chia, Aaron Jaworek, Robert T Sataloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346634/the-otolaryngology-residency-application-problem
#18
Robert T Sataloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346624/association-of-group-prenatal-care-in-us-family-medicine-residencies-with-maternity-care-practice-a-cera-secondary-data-analysis
#19
Wendy B Barr, Sebastian T Tong, Nicholas M LeFevre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Group prenatal care has been shown to improve both maternal and neonatal outcomes. With increasing adaption of group prenatal care by family medicine residencies, this model may serve as a potential method to increase exposure to and interest in maternity care among trainees. This study aims to describe the penetration, regional and program variations, and potential impacts on future maternity care practice of group prenatal care in US family medicine residencies...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346581/home-based-hypnotherapy-self-exercises-vs-individual-hypnotherapy-with-a-therapist-for-treatment-of-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome-functional-abdominal-pain-or-functional-abdominal-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Juliette M T M Rutten, Arine M Vlieger, Carla Frankenhuis, Elvira K George, Michael Groeneweg, Obbe F Norbruis, Walther Tjon A Ten, Herbert M van Wering, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Maruschka P Merkus, Marc A Benninga
Importance: Individual gut-directed hypnotherapy (HT) is effective in pediatric irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional abdominal pain or functional abdominal pain syndrome (FAP[S]). It is, however, unavailable to many children. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of HT by means of home-based self-exercises using a CD with that of individual HT (iHT) performed by qualified therapists. Design, Setting, and Participants: This noninferiority randomized clinical trial with a follow-up of 1 year after the end of treatment was conducted from July 15, 2011, through June 24, 2013, at 9 secondary and tertiary care centers throughout the Netherlands...
March 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
1057
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"