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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391425/safety-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-drugs-for-treating-behavioural-insomnia-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-with-methodological-quality-assessment
#1
REVIEW
Shweta Anand, Henry Tong, Frank M C Besag, Esther W Chan, Samuele Cortese, Ian C K Wong
OBJECTIVE: A large proportion of paediatric patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have associated sleep problems which not only affect the child's wellbeing but also impact family functioning. Management of sleep problems is consequently an important aspect of overall ADHD management in paediatric patients. Although some drugs are being used off-label for the management of paediatric insomnia, there is scant clinical evidence supporting their use. Our aim was to identify and assess the quality of published studies reporting the safety, tolerability and efficacy of drugs used for treating behavioural insomnia in children with ADHD...
April 8, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388850/auditory-and-visual-executive-functions-in-children-and-response-to-methylphenidate-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Yaffa Hadar, Shraga Hocherman, Oren Lamm, Emanuel Tirosh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess auditory and visually based executive functions (EFs) and the effect of methylphenidate (MPH) in children with ADHD. METHODS: Thirty-six boys between the ages of 8.3 and 9.7 years with ADHD and 36 matched controls were included. The study group was randomized into MPH and placebo for 7 days each in a crossover design. A Cued Choice Reaction Time (CCRT) test that included incongruent cuing was administered at baseline and following 1 and 2 weeks...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377393/does-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-delivered-by-paediatricians-or-psychologists-improve-sleep-problems-for-children-with-adhd-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-translational-trial
#3
E Sciberras, M Mulraney, H Heussler, N Rinehart, T Schuster, L Gold, N Hayes, H Hiscock
INTRODUCTION: Up to 70% of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems. We have demonstrated the efficacy of a brief behavioural intervention for children with ADHD in a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) and now aim to examine whether this intervention is effective in real-life clinical settings when delivered by paediatricians or psychologists. We will also assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Children aged 5-12 years with ADHD (n=320) are being recruited for this translational cluster RCT through paediatrician practices in Victoria and Queensland, Australia...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371554/adapting-an-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-parent-training-intervention-to-different-cultural-contexts-the-experience-of-implementing-the-new-forest-parenting-programme-in-china-denmark-hong-kong-japan-and-the-united-kingdom
#4
Margaret J J Thompson, Alma Au, Cathy Laver-Bradbury, Anne-Mette Lange, Gail Tripp, Shizuka Shimabukuro, Jin S Zhang, Lan Shuai, Catherine E Thompson, David Daley, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
The New Forest Parenting Programme (NFPP) is a parenting program developed for parents who have a child with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a manualized program that is delivered in a parent's home over 8 weeks, or in a group format, or through a self-help manual. Three randomized controlled trials have been carried out in the United Kingdom. The NFPP group has adapted the program according to feedback from parents and therapists, and for use with different populations, both within the United Kingdom and internationally...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359274/allergic-diseases-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Celine Miyazaki, Momoko Koyama, Erika Ota, Toshiyuki Swa, Linda B Mlunde, Rachel M Amiya, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Reports of frequent manifestation of allergic diseases in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have been the subject of mounting clinical interest. However, evidence supporting the association between ADHD and allergies is inconsistent and has yet to be systematically reviewed. The objective of this study was to compile and assess available studies on the association between ADHD and allergic diseases in children. METHODS: A comprehensive search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, and CINAHL databases was completed in 23 November 2015...
March 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351374/working-memory-training-in-children-with-neuropsychiatric-disorders-and-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-functioning-the-role-of-coaching-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sammy Roording-Ragetlie, Helen Klip, Jan Buitelaar, Dorine Slaats-Willemse
BACKGROUND: Working memory training (WMT) has been shown to offer therapeutic benefits to both patients with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and patients with mild to borderline Intellectual Disabilities (MBID; 60 < IQ < 85). However, robust evidence for transfer effects and treatment benefits of WMT over placebo training are lacking. Owing to the nature of double-blind research designs in RCTs, children have received non-specific coaching not based on their actual training performance...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345387/multimodal-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#7
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Alisa Duric Golos, Irene B Elgen
BACKGROUND: Different treatment approaches aimed at reducing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms are available. However, factors such as intolerance, side-effects, lack of efficacy, high new technology costs, and placebo effect have spurred on an increasing interest in alternative or complementary treatment. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore efficacy of multimodal treatment consisting of standard stimulant medication (methylphenidate) and neurofeedback (NF) in combination, and to compare it with the single treatment in 6-month follow-up in ADHD children and adolescents...
March 27, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342214/real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Analucia A Alegria, Melanie Wulff, Helen Brinson, Gareth J Barker, Luke J Norman, Daniel Brandeis, Daniel Stahl, Anthony S David, Eric Taylor, Vincent Giampietro, Katya Rubia
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor self-control, underpinned by inferior fronto-striatal deficits. Real-time functional magnetic resonance neurofeedback (rtfMRI-NF) allows participants to gain self-control over dysregulated brain regions. Despite evidence for beneficial effects of electrophysiological-NF on ADHD symptoms, no study has applied the spatially superior rtfMRI-NF neurotherapy to ADHD. A randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of rtfMRI-NF of right inferior prefrontal cortex (rIFG), a key region that is compromised in ADHD and upregulated with psychostimulants, on improvement of ADHD symptoms, cognition, and inhibitory fMRI activation...
March 25, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331540/effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-training-program-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-school-teachers-in-kaduna-north-west-nigeria
#9
Dupe Lasisi, Cornelius Ani, Victor Lasebikan, Lateef Sheikh, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277151/sequenced-neurocognitive-and-behavioral-parent-training-for-the-treatment-of-adhd-in-school-age-children
#10
A Chacko, A-C V Bedard, D Marks, G Gopalan, N Feirsen, J Uderman, A Chimiklis, E Heber, M Cornwell, L Anderson, A Zwilling, M Ramon
The present study examines the potential of sequencing a neurocognitive intervention with behavioral parent training (BPT) to improve executive functions (EFs), psychiatric symptoms, and multiple indices of functional impairment in school-age children aged 7 to 11 years who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Specifically, in a randomized controlled trial design, 85 children were assigned to either Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) followed by an empirically supported, manualized BPT intervention, or to a placebo version of CWMT followed by the same BPT intervention...
February 23, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258319/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-pharmacotherapies-including-guanfacine-extended-release-a-mixed-treatment-comparison
#11
REVIEW
Alain Joseph, Rajeev Ayyagari, Meng Xie, Sean Cai, Jipan Xie, Michael Huss, Vanja Sikirica
This study compared the clinical efficacy and safety of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacotherapy in children and adolescents 6-17 years of age. A systematic literature review was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of pharmacologic monotherapies among children and adolescents with ADHD. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was conducted to compare change in symptoms using the ADHD Rating Scale Version IV (ADHD-RS-IV), Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) response, all-cause discontinuation, and adverse event-related discontinuation...
March 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256680/-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-what-is-the-evidence-base-to-date
#12
S Cortese, R Rosello-Miranda
The evidence base from empirical studies is one of the elements, along with patients' preference and consideration of particular clinical state and circumstances, that should be taken into account in the process of clinical decision making. This paper provides an overview of the current evidence base for the treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drawing on the results of the most recent meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials assessing the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of ADHD...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137522/herbal-medicines-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Dania Schumann, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to identify evidence in herbal therapy in the treatment of ADHD concerning effectiveness and drug tolerability. METHOD: For this Medline/PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Central) were searched from their inception to 15 July 2016. Only randomized controlled trails (RCT) with children (0-18years) suffering from ADHD were included in this review. RESULTS: Nine RCTs with 464 patients comparing herbal pharmaceuticals to placebo or active control were included...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118856/nirs-based-neurofeedback-training-in-a-virtual-reality-classroom-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Friederike Blume, Justin Hudak, Thomas Dresler, Ann-Christine Ehlis, Jan Kühnhausen, Tobias J Renner, Caterina Gawrilow
BACKGROUND: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from attention deficits, motor hyperactivity, and impulsive behaviour. These impairments are experienced at home, at school, and with friends. Functional imaging studies show that ADHD behaviour and impairments in executive functions (EFs) are mirrored by aberrant neurophysiological functioning. Moreover, several studies show that ADHD behaviour, impairments in EFs, and a lack of self-control contribute to poor school performance...
January 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052720/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-methylphenidate-and-atomoxetine-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-meta-analysis-based-on-head-to-head-trials
#16
Qiang Liu, Hong Zhang, Qingqing Fang, Lili Qin
INTRODUCTION: Comparative efficacy and safety are important issues for appropriate drug selection for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment. Therefore we conducted a meta-analysis, where we compared atomoxetine (ATX) and methylphenidate (MPH) for ADHD treatment in children and adolescents. METHOD: Literature retrieval was conducted in relevant databases from their inception to April 2016 to select head-to-head trials that compared ATX and MPH in children and adolescents...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051838/mixed-amphetamine-salts-increase-abstinence-from-marijuana-in-patients-with-co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-cocaine-dependence
#17
Daniel P Notzon, John J Mariani, Martina Pavlicova, Andrew Glass, Amy L Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, John Grabowski, Frances R Levin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of ADHD is greater in substance use disorders than the general population, and ADHD and substance use disorders share neurobiological features such as dysregulation of reward circuitry. We tested the hypothesis that stimulants would decrease marijuana use in a randomized controlled trial of extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) for treatment of co-occurring ADHD and cocaine use disorders. METHODS: Marijuana users were defined as participants reporting use in the 30 days before study initiation, collected with timeline follow-back...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038496/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd
#18
Yingqi Gu, Guangxing Xu, Yi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Between 2% and 8% of college students meet criteria for ADHD, with increased incidence in recent decades. There are very few clinical trials conducted on the meaningful intervention of ADHD in college. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) effectively treats college students with ADHD and could be more feasibly applied in college mental health clinics. METHOD: Fifty-four undergraduates with ADHD between ages 19 and 24 were randomized to receive either MBCT or wait-list (WL) during a 6-week intervention phase...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991835/parent-reported-improvements-in-family-functioning-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-lisdexamfetamine-for-treatment-of-parental-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Dara E Babinski, James G Waxmonsky, Daniel A Waschbusch, Hugh Humphery, William E Pelham
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the effects of parental stimulant medication treatment on parent ratings of parent-child functioning. Ratings of parent-child functioning in the home setting and immediately following a laboratory-based parent-child interaction were collected. METHOD: Participants were 20 parents who along with their children (ages 5-12 years) were diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939188/effects-of-working-memory-training-on-neural-correlates-of-go-nogo-response-control-in-adults-with-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Zhong-Xu Liu, Victoria Lishak, Rosemary Tannock, Steven Woltering
Working memory and response control are conceptualized as functions that are part of a closely connected and integrated executive function system mediated by the prefrontal cortex and other related brain structures. In the present paper, we asked whether effects of intensive and adaptive computerized working memory training (CWMT) would generalize to enhancements in response control at behavioral and neural levels. A total of 135 postsecondary students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a condition associated with executive function impairments, were randomized into a Standard-length CWMT (45-min /session, 25 sessions), Shortened-length CWMT (15min/session, 25 sessions), and a waitlist group...
December 6, 2016: Neuropsychologia
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