keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adhd rct

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878809/telephone-assisted-self-help-for-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-who-have-residual-functional-impairment-despite-methylphenidate-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Christina Dose, Christopher Hautmann, Mareike Buerger, Stephanie Schuermann, Katrin Woitecki, Manfred Doepfner
BACKGROUND: Self-help parenting interventions have been shown to be effective in the management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and may be useful when there are barriers to face-to-face therapist-led parent trainings. Previous studies indicate that behavioral interventions might be a useful adjunct to medication in children with residual ADHD symptoms, and regarding comorbid oppositional symptoms and multiple domains of functional impairment. In the present study, we examined whether a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) parenting behavioral intervention (written materials plus telephone counseling) enhanced the effects of methylphenidate treatment in children with ADHD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#2
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813651/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-bupropion-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Qin Xiang Ng
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders of childhood and adolescence. Stimulants are usually the first choice of drug; however, as many as 20% of patients do not respond to them. Stimulants may also worsen comorbid sleep, mood, and anxiety disorders, and they are associated with problems of misuse and diversion. Bupropion, a dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is a promising nonstimulant alternative with reports of positive outcomes for ADHD management in both adolescent and adult populations...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808556/parent-adherence-in-two-behavioral-treatment-strategies-for-the-predominantly-inattentive-presentation-of-adhd
#4
Mary Rooney, Stephen Hinshaw, Keith McBurnett, Linda Pfiffner
We examined the effects of parent adherence on child outcomes in two treatment strategies for the Predominantly Inattentive Presentation of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD-I): behavioral parent training adapted for ADHD-I (Parent-Focused Therapy [PFT]) and a multicomponent intervention that combined PFT, a child life skills group, and a classroom intervention (Child Life and Attention Skills Program [CLAS]). In a 2-site randomized controlled trial, 199 children (7-11 years of age) were randomized to PFT (n = 74), CLAS (n = 74), or treatment as usual (n = 51)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790483/effect-of-poly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-administration-on-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder of childhood. Studies have indicated nutritional deficiencies, particularly Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) deficiency in these children and have suggested supplementation with PUFA for clinical improvement. AIM: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of PUFA administration in Indian children with ADHD. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted in the paediatrics and psychiatry departments of a tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752827/a-randomized-controlled-trial-reporting-functional-outcomes-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-medication-treated-adults-with-adhd-and-comorbid-psychopathology
#6
Susan Young, Brynjar Emilsson, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson, Mizanur Khondoker, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Gisli Baldursson, Halldora Olafsdottir, Gisli Gudjonsson
Studies assessing psychological treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults are increasingly reported. However, functional outcomes are often neglected in favour of symptom outcomes. We investigated functional outcomes in 95 adults with ADHD who were already treated with medication and randomized to receive treatment as usual (TAU/MED) or psychological treatment (CBT/MED) using a cognitive-behavioural programme, R&R2ADHD, which employs both group and individual modalities. RATE-S functional outcomes associated with ADHD symptoms, social functioning, emotional control and antisocial behaviour were given at baseline, end of treatment and three-month follow-up...
October 17, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745724/-noninvasive-cerebral-stimulation-for-treatment-of-adhd-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
L Brandejsky, J-A Micoulaud Franchi, R Lopez, S Bioulac, D Da Fonseca, C Daudet, L Boyer, R Richieri, C Lançon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize the available data in the literature about the therapeutic applications of transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: The scientific literature search of international articles was performed in February 2016 using the PubMed electronic database. The following MeSH terms were employed: "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial magnetic stimulation", "attention-deficit disorder with hyperactivity" AND "transcranial direct current stimulation"...
October 10, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721971/efficacy-of-atomoxetine-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-common-comorbidities-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-a-review
#8
Shari L Hutchison, Jaswinder K Ghuman, Harinder S Ghuman, Irina Karpov, James M Schuster
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders and is associated with higher incidence of comorbid oppositional or conduct, mood, anxiety, pervasive developmental, and substance-use disorders. Comorbid mental health conditions may alter the presence of symptoms and treatment of ADHD. Atomoxetine (ATX), a nonstimulant medication for the treatment of ADHD, may be prescribed for individuals with ADHD and comorbid conditions despite some risk for certain undesirable side effects and lower effectiveness for the treatment of ADHD than stimulants...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672358/aripiprazole-improves-associated-comorbid-conditions-in-addition-to-tics-in-adult-patients-with-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#9
Sarah Gerasch, Ahmad Seif Kanaan, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Kirsten R Müller-Vahl
Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (GTS) is characterized by motor and vocal tics, as well as associated comorbid conditions including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and anxiety which are present in a substantial number of patients. Although randomized controlled trials including a large number of patients are still missing, aripiprazole is currently considered as a first choice drug for the treatment of tics. The aim of this study was to further investigate efficacy and safety of aripiprazole in a group of drug-free, adult patients...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665293/an-rct-into-the-effects-of-neurofeedback-on-neurocognitive-functioning-compared-to-stimulant-medication-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-adhd
#10
Katleen Geladé, Marleen Bink, Tieme W P Janssen, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
Neurofeedback (NFB) is a potential alternative treatment for children with ADHD that aims to optimize brain activity. Whereas most studies into NFB have investigated behavioral effects, less attention has been paid to the effects on neurocognitive functioning. The present randomized controlled trial (RCT) compared neurocognitive effects of NFB to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate (MPH) and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity (PA), to control for non-specific effects. Using a multicentre three-way parallel group RCT design, children with ADHD, aged 7-13, were randomly allocated to NFB (n = 39), MPH (n = 36) or PA (n = 37) over a period of 10-12 weeks...
September 24, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637735/efficacy-of-cognitive-functional-cog-fun-occupational-therapy-intervention-among-children-with-adhd-an-rct
#11
Jeri Hahn-Markowitz, Itai Berger, Iris Manor, Adina Maeir
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of a Cognitive-Functional (Cog-Fun) intervention for children with ADHD. METHOD: Random allocation of 107 children to study or control groups preceded 10 parent-child weekly Cog-Fun sessions emphasizing executive strategy training in games and daily activities. Controls received treatment after crossover. Study participants were followed up 3 months post-treatment. Outcomes included parent/teacher ratings of executive functions, ADHD symptoms, and parent ratings of quality of life...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631143/behavioral-effects-of-neurofeedback-compared-to-stimulants-and-physical-activity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of neurofeedback as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and whether neurofeedback is a viable alternative for stimulant medication, is still an intensely debated subject. The current randomized controlled trial compared neurofeedback to (1) optimally titrated methylphenidate and (2) a semi-active control intervention, physical activity, to account for nonspecific effects. METHODS: A multicenter 3-way parallel-group study with balanced randomization was conducted...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609783/an-rct-of-an-online-parenting-program-for-parents-of-preschool-aged-children-with-adhd-symptoms
#13
Nike Franke, Louise J Keown, Matthew R Sanders
OBJECTIVE: This randomized control trial evaluated the efficacy of an online self-help program in a sample of parents of preschoolers with ADHD symptoms. METHOD: Parents were randomly assigned to the intervention group (n = 27) or the delayed intervention group (n = 26). Child behavior measures were completed by mothers, fathers, and teachers, and parenting measures were completed by mothers. RESULTS: Intent-to-treat analyses indicated significant post-intervention improvements in mother-rated child hyperactivity/inattention, restlessness/impulsivity, defiance/aggression, social functioning, and teacher-rated prosocial behavior, as well as significant improvements in maternal over-reactivity, verbosity, laxness, positive parenting, parenting satisfaction, self-efficacy, stress, and depression...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566117/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-school-implemented-school-home-intervention-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-impairment
#14
Linda J Pfiffner, Mary Rooney, Lauren Haack, Miguel Villodas, Kevin Delucchi, Keith McBurnett
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of a novel psychosocial intervention (Collaborative Life Skills [CLS]) for primary-school students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. CLS is a 12-week program consisting of integrated school, parent, and student treatments delivered by school-based mental health providers. Using a cluster randomized design, CLS was compared with usual school/community services on psychopathology and functional outcomes. METHOD: Schools within a large urban public school district were randomly assigned to CLS (12 schools) or usual services (11 schools)...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554190/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-adults-with-adhd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Zoe Young, Nima Moghaddam, Anna Tickle
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for adult ADHD and to establish the effectiveness of CBT in reducing ADHD symptoms. METHOD: A systematic review of nine RCTs and two subsequent meta-analyses of eight of the studies were conducted. RESULTS: Just nine studies were identified, of generally good quality but with some limitations. Four trials (total N = 160) compared CBT with waiting list controls, and three trials (total N = 191) compared CBT with appropriate active control groups...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473269/melatonin-in-youth-n-of-1-trials-in-a-stimulant-treated-adhd-population-mynap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Salima Punja, Catherine J Nikles, Hugh Senior, Geoffrey Mitchell, Christopher H Schmid, Helen Heussler, Manisha Witmans, Sunita Vohra
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurological disorder affecting 5 % of children worldwide. A prevalent problem for children with ADHD is initial insomnia. The gold standard treatment to manage ADHD symptoms is stimulant medications, which may exacerbate the severity of existing initial insomnia. Currently, no gold standard treatment option exists for initial insomnia for these children. Melatonin, a hormone and a popular natural health product, is commonly provided to children by parents and recommended by healthcare providers, but high quality pediatric evidence is lacking...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462065/impact-of-a-web-portal-intervention-on-community-adhd-care-and-outcomes
#17
Jeffery N Epstein, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, James Peugh, William Gardner, Phil Lichtenstein, Joshua M Langberg
BACKGROUND: The quality of care for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) delivered in community-based pediatric settings is often poor. Interventions have been developed to improve community-based ADHD care but have not demonstrated that better care results in improved patient outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether an ADHD quality improvement (QI) intervention for community-based pediatric practices improves patient outcomes. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted in which 50 community-based pediatric primary care practices (213 providers) were randomized either to receive a technology-assisted QI intervention or to a control condition...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460004/meditation-or-medication-mindfulness-training-versus-medication-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Renée Meppelink, Esther I de Bruin, Susan M Bögels
BACKGROUND: Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is, with a prevalence of 5 %, a highly common childhood disorder, and has severe impact on the lives of youngsters and their families. Medication is often the treatment of choice, as it currently is most effective. However, medication has only short-term effects, treatment adherence is often low and most importantly; medication has serious side effects. Therefore, there is a need for other interventions for youngsters with ADHD...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453080/cognitive-effects-of-stimulant-guanfacine-and-combined%C3%A2-treatment-in-child-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Robert M Bilder, Sandra K Loo, James J McGough, Fiona Whelan, Gerhard Hellemann, Catherine Sugar, Melissa Del'Homme, Alexandra Sturm, Jennifer Cowen, Grant Hanada, James T McCracken
OBJECTIVE: Psychostimulants are partially effective in reducing cognitive dysfunction associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Cognitive effects of guanfacine, an alternative treatment, are poorly understood. Given its distinct action on α2A receptors, guanfacine may have different or complementary effects relative to stimulants. This study tested stimulant and guanfacine monotherapies relative to combined treatment on cognitive functions important in ADHD. METHOD: Children with ADHD (n = 182; aged 7-14 years) completed an 8-week, double blind, randomized, controlled trial with 3 arms: d-methylphenidate (DMPH), guanfacine (GUAN), or combination treatment with DMPH and GUAN (COMB)...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357497/sleep-problems-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-current-status-of-knowledge-and-appropriate-management
#20
REVIEW
Ming-Horng Tsai, Jen-Fu Hsu, Yu-Shu Huang
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 5 % of children and adolescents, and sleep problems are common in these patients. There is growing evidence informing the significant importance of sleep problems in youth with ADHD. The sleep problems in children with ADHD include specific sleep disorders and sleep disturbances due to comorbid psychiatric disorders or ADHD medications. The specific sleep disorders of ADHD children include behaviorally based insomnia, sleep-disordered breathing, and restless legs syndrome/periodic limb movement disorder...
August 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
keyword
keyword
105694
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"