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Seonghoon Kim, Dhilon S Patel, Soohyung Park, Joanna Slusky, Jeffery B Klauda, Göran Widmalm, Wonpil Im
Lipid A is the lipid anchor of a lipopolysaccharide in the outer leaflet of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. In general, lipid A consists of two phosphorylated N-acetyl glucosamine and several acyl chains that are directly linked to the two sugars. Depending on the bacterial species and environments, the acyl chain number and length vary, and lipid A can be chemically modified with phosphoethanolamine, aminoarabinose, or glycine residues, which are key to bacterial pathogenesis. In this work, homogeneous lipid bilayers of 21 distinct lipid A types from 12 bacterial species are modeled and simulated to investigate the differences and similarities of their membrane properties...
October 18, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Qing Chang, Rui Geng, Shanzheng Wang, Ding Qu, Xiangfei Kong
Treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) with a combined strategy of bone and tumor targeting remains a crucial technical challenge due to the incorporation of various functional components into one single system. Here, we developed dioleoyl phosphatidic acid (DOPA)-based paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded liposomes with modifications of alendronate and transferrin (Ald-/Tf-modified PTX-L), which were capable of bone affinity mediated by phosphate groups in DOPA and alendronate, and tumor targeting offered by transferrin. Ald-/Tf-modified PTX-L had clear and well-defined spherical shape with an intermediated size of 118...
October 17, 2016: Drug Delivery
Li Lin, Xiaoyou Wang, Xiaoda Li, Yongbo Yang, Xiuli Yue, Qiang Zhang, Zhifei Dai
This article reports an effective method to regulate hydrophobic drug release rate from partially silica-coated bicellar nanodisc generated from proamphiphilic organoalkoxysilane and dihexanoyl phosphatidylcholine by introducing different molar percentages of 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-PEG2000 (DSPE-PEG2000) into planar bilayers of hybrid bicelles. It was found that the drug release rate increased with increasing the molar percentages of DSPE-PEG2000, and 57.38%, 69.21%, 78.69%, 81.64% and 82...
October 10, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Anibal Cuetos, Fabian Steffen-Munsberg, Juan Mangas Sanchez, Amina Frese, Uwe T Bornscheuer, Matthias Höhne, Gideon Grogan
PLP-dependent enzymes catalyze a remarkable diversity of chemical reactions in Nature. A1RDF1 from Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 is a Fold Type I, PLP-dependent enzyme in the Class III transaminase (TA) subgroup. Despite sharing 28% sequence identity with its closest structural homologs, including β-alanine:pyruvate and γ-amino butyrate:α-ketoglutarate TAs, A1RDF1 displayed no TA activity. Activity screening revealed the enzyme to possess phospholyase (E.C. activity towards O-phosphoethanolamine (PEtN), an activity described previously for vertebrate enzymes such as human AGXT2L1, and for which no structure has yet been reported...
October 6, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Panpan Qi, Mei Cao, Liju Song, Chong Chen, Mingdong Liu, Ningzhe Li, Daoyan Wu, Jingshan Peng, Guoku Hu, Jian Zhao
In the study we made use of DOTAP (1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium), DOPE (1,2-dioleoyl-snglycero-3-phosphoethanolamine) and PEG-PE (polyethylene glycol- polyethylene) to make cationic PEG-liposomes by ultrasonic dispersion method. The plasmid pGPU6 combined with cationic PEG-liposomes or Liopofectamin 2000 was used to transfect PC3 cells to judge the transfection efficiency. HE staining showed that the pGUP6-shAurora B plasmid/liposomes complex could significantly inhibit tumor growth in mice tumor model...
September 26, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Françoise Hullin-Matsuda, Asami Makino, Motohide Murate, Toshihide Kobayashi
In this mini-review, we summarize current knowledge about the lipid-binding characteristics of two types of toxins used to visualize the membrane distribution of phosphoethanolamine-containing lipid species: the glycerophospholipid, phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and the sphingolipid, ceramide phosphoethanolamine (CPE). The lantibiotic cinnamycin and the structurally-related peptide duramycin produced by some Gram-positive bacteria were among the first toxins characterized by their specificity for PE which is widely present in animal kingdoms from bacteria to mammals...
September 28, 2016: Biochimie
Xiaohong Zhuang, Eder M Dávila-Contreras, Andrew H Beaven, Wonpil Im, Jeffery B Klauda
Previous MD simulations of six phosphocholine (PC) lipid bilayers demonstrated the accuracy of the CHARMM36 force field (C36FF) for PC bilayer simulation at varied temperatures (BBA-Biomembranes, 1838 (2014): 2520-2529). In this work, we further examine the accuracy of C36FF over a wide temperature range for a broader range of lipid types such as various head groups (phosphatidic acid (PA), PC, phosphoethanolamine (PE), phosphoglycerol (PG), and phosphoserine (PS)), and tails (saturated, mono-, mixed- and poly-unsaturated acyl chains with varied chain lengths)...
September 21, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Emile Jubeli, Amanda B Maginty, Nada Abdul Khalique, Liji Raju, David G Nicholson, Helge Larsen, Michael D Pungente, William P D Goldring
In this communication we describe the construction of four succinic-based cationic lipids, their formulation with plasmid DNA (pDNA), and an evaluation of their in vitro gene delivery into Chinese hamster ovarian (CHO-K1) cells. The cationic lipids employed in this work possess either a dimethylamine or trimethylamine headgroup, and a macrocyclic or an acyclic hydrophobic domain composed of, or derived from two 16-atom, succinic-based acyl chains. The synthesized lipids and a co-lipid of neutral charge, either cholesterol or 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), were formulated in an overall 3:2 cationic-to-neutral lipid molar ratio, then complexed with plasmid DNA (pDNA)...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Annabelle Fülöp, Denis A Sammour, Katrin Erich, Johanna von Gerichten, Peter van Hoogevest, Roger Sandhoff, Carsten Hopf
Phospholipids have excellent biocompatibility and are therefore often used as main components of liposomal drug carriers. In traditional bioanalytics, the in-vivo distribution of liposomal drug carriers is assessed using radiolabeled liposomal constituents. This study presents matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI MSI) as an alternative, label-free method for ex-vivo molecular imaging of liposomal drug carriers in mouse tissue. To this end, indocyanine green as cargo and two liposomal markers, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (DPPG) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine conjugated with monodisperse polyethylene glycol (PEG36-DSPE) were incorporated into liposomal carriers and administered to mice...
2016: Scientific Reports
Germain U Busto, Tugba Guven-Ozkan, Molee Chakraborty, Ronald L Davis
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that inhibit protein expression post-transcriptionally. They have been implicated in many different physiological processes, but little is known about their individual involvement in learning and memory. We recently identified several miRNAs that either increased or decreased intermediate-term memory when inhibited in the central nervous system, including miR-iab8-3p. We report here a new developmental role for this miRNA. Blocking the expression of miR-iab8-3p during the development of the organism leads to hypertrophy of individual mushroom body neuron soma, a reduction in the field size occupied by axonal projections, and adult intellectual disability...
September 12, 2016: Developmental Biology
George R Dakwar, Kevin Braeckmans, Wim Ceelen, Stefaan C De Smedt, Katrien Remaut
Delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is recently gaining tremendous attention for the treatment of ovarian cancer. The present study investigated the potential of different liposomal formulations composed of (2,3-dioleoyloxy-propyl)-trimethylammonium (DOTAP) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) encapsulating siRNA (hydration method) for their ability to knockdown luciferase (Luc) activity in human ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells. Fluorescence single particle tracking (fSPT) and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) in human-undiluted ascites fluid obtained from a peritoneal carcinomatosis patient revealed that cationic hydra-lipoplexes (HYDRA-LPXs) and HYDRA-LPXs decorated with stable DSPE-PEG (DSPE HYDRA-LPXs) showed high stability during at least 24 h...
September 8, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Sophie Melikishvili, Alexandra Poturnayova, Maksim Ionov, Maria Bryszewska, Tomáš Vary, Julius Cirak, María Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández, Rafael Gomez-Ramirez, Francisco Javier de la Mata, Tibor Hianik
In this study, dendrimers have been purposed as an alternative approach for delivery of HIV peptides to dendritic cells. We have investigated the interaction of dendriplexes formed from polyanionic HIV peptide Nef and cationic carbosilane dendrimer (CBD) with model lipid membranes - large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs), Langmuir monolayers and supported lipid membranes (sBLMs) containing various molar ratio of zwitterionic 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy (polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2000)...
September 9, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Marcus K Dymond, Richard J Gillams, Duncan J Parker, Jamie Burrell, Ana Labrador, Tommy Nylander, George S Attard
Recently we reported a method for estimating the spontaneous curvatures of lipids from temperature-dependent changes in the lattice parameter of inverse hexagonal liquid crystal phases of binary lipid mixtures. This method makes use of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) as a host lipid, which preferentially forms an inverse hexagonal phase to which a guest lipid of unknown spontaneous curvature is added. The lattice parameters of these binary lipid mixtures are determined by small-angle X-ray diffraction at a range of temperatures and the spontaneous curvature of the guest lipid is determined from these data...
October 4, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Koichiro Shirota, Kiyoshi Yagi, Takehiko Inaba, Pai-Chi Li, Michio Murata, Yuji Sugita, Toshihide Kobayashi
Sphingomyelin (SM) is a major sphingolipid in mammalian cells that forms specific lipid domains in combination with cholesterol (Chol). Using molecular-dynamics simulation and density functional theory calculation, we identified a characteristic Raman band of SM at ∼1643 cm(-1) as amide I of the SM cluster. Experimental results indicate that this band is sensitive to the hydration of SM and the presence of Chol. We showed that this amide I Raman band can be utilized to examine the membrane distribution of SM...
September 6, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Matthew Tiffany, Francis C Szoka
We utilized quantitative high-resolution single particle tracking to study the internalization and endosomal sorting of lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) by HeLa cells in vitro to gain a better understanding of how cells process LNPs that are used for siRNA delivery. We compared the trafficking of three formulations that have been demonstrated to deliver siRNA into cells. They were composed of either: a tritratable anionic lipid, formulation of cholesterol hemisuccinate (CHEMS), or a titratatable cationic lipid formulation of, 1,2-dilinoleyloxy-3- dimethylaminopropane (DLinDMA), or a non-titratable cationic formulation lipid formulation of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
Xiaozhou Fan, Yanli Guo, Luofu Wang, Xingyu Xiong, Lianhua Zhu, Kejing Fang
In this study, the lipid targeted nanobubble carrying the A10-3.2 aptamer against prostate specific membrane antigen was fabricated, and its effect in the ultrasound imaging of prostate cancer was investigated. Materials including 2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidic acid, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol, carboxyl-modified 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, and polyethyleneglycol-2000 were for mechanical oscillation, and nanobubbles were obtained through the centrifugal flotation method...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Lu Liu, Yanyan Li, Xiaoyuan Wang, Wen Guo
AIMS: Investigate how Cronobacter sakazakii modify their lipid A structure to avoid recognition by the host immune cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lipid A modification was observed in C. sakazakii BAA894 grown at pH 5.0 but not pH 7.0. Overexpression of C. sakazakii gene ESA_RS09200 in E. coli W3110 caused a phosphoethanolamine modification of lipid A; when ESA_RS09200 was deleted in C. sakazakii BAA894, this lipid A modification disappeared. Lipid A modification was observed in BAA894 grown at pH 5...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Cale D Fahrenholtz, Song Ding, Brian W Bernish, Mariah L Wright, Ye Zheng, Mu Yang, Xiyuan Yao, George L Donati, Michael D Gross, Ulrich Bierbach, Ravi Singh
A three-component drug-delivery system has been developed consisting of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with a non-classical platinum chemotherapeutic agent ([PtCl(NH3)2(L)]Cl (P3A1; L=N-(2-(acridin-9-ylamino)ethyl)-N-methylproprionimidamide) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino(polyethylene glycol)-5000] (DSPE-mPEG). The optimized P3A1-MWCNTs are colloidally stable in physiological solution and deliver more P3A1 into breast cancer cells than treatment with the free drug...
July 27, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Laura Facchini, Ilario Losito, Tommaso R I Cataldi, Francesco Palmisano
Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization-Fourier transform mass spectrometry was employed to study ceramide lipids occurring in mussels of sp. Mytilus galloprovincialis. Lipid extracts from alive mussels and mussels deliberately subjected to specific thermal treatments were analyzed. In particular, single and tandem MS measurements were performed on a hybrid quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometer and then complemented by MS(n) analyses (n = 2, 3) achieved by a linear ion trap mass spectrometer...
September 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Worranan Rangsimawong, Praneet Opanasopit, Theerasak Rojanarata, Sureewan Duangjit, Tanasait Ngawhirunpat
The effect of surface grafting with N-(carbonyl-methoxypolyethylene glycol-2000)-1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (PEG2000-DSPE) onto three types of lipid nanocarriers, liposomes, niosomes and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) on the skin penetration of sodium fluorescein (NaFI) was investigated. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to visualize the penetration pathways. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was used to determine the skin hydration. The results showed that the physicochemical properties of each nanocarrier were modified after PEG grafting...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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