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Atypical Leukemia

Giang Huong Nguyen, James Y Wang, Kenneth B Hymes, Cynthia M Magro
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a rare and often aggressive lymphoid malignancy known to be associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. There are 2 broad categories: acute and chronic. In the acute category, there is a leukemic and a lymphomatous variant, whereas in the designated "chronic" form, there is mild peripheral blood lymphocytosis. The intermediate "smoldering" category is without peripheral blood lymphocytosis with only discernible skin involvement. We present a 68-year-old human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 seropositive female with a mild peripheral blood atypical lymphocytosis who had indurated nodules on her hands of 2 years duration and a new scaly ichthyosiform eruption on her lower extremities...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Steven Wang, Jie Yan, Guangde Zhou, Rebecca Heintzelman, J Steve Hou
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are hematopoietic malignancies characterized by unchecked proliferation of differentiated myeloid cells. The most common BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs are polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis. The discovery of JAK2 V617F mutation has improved our understanding of the molecular basis of MPN. The high frequency of JAK2 mutation in MPN makes JAK2 mutation testing an essential diagnostic tool and potential therapeutic target for MPN. Here, we present a rare case of a 34-year-old patient who was initially diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutated NPM1...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Khadega A Abuelgasim, Saeed Alshieban, Nada A Almubayi, Ayman Alhejazi, Abdulrahman R Jazieh
We describe the case of a young man with therapy-naive chronic myeloid leukemia who did not initially have any peripheral blood or bone marrow excess blasts but presented with extramedullary myeloid blast crises involving the central nervous system and multiple lymph nodes. Conventional cytogenetic tests were positive for t(9;22)(q34:q11) as well as for trisomy 8, 14 and 21 and del(16q). The patient's peripheral blood and bone marrow were positive for the BCR-ABL oncogene when analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction...
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Mary Catherine Furness, Emile Setlakwe, John Sallaway, Darren Wood, Jordan Fromstein, Luis G Arroyo
A 3-year-old Standardbred gelding with a history of pyrexia, persistent hemorrhage from the oral cavity, and a large, soft swelling at the junction of the caudal aspect of the mandibular rami and proximal neck was evaluated. The horse had neutropenia and anemia, with atypical granulated cells in a blood smear. Additional tests confirmed acute myeloid leukemia with basophilic differentiation, which has been reported in humans, cats, dogs, and cattle but not horses.
October 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Laetitia Piane, Karen M Young, Lena Giraud, Nathalie Bourges-Abella, Catherine Trumel
BACKGROUND: Erroneously high reticulocyte counts (pseudoreticulocytosis) have been reported in dogs with leukemia. Pseudoreticulocytosis and an abnormal reticulocyte profile were observed in a dog with large form babesiosis presented at our institution. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this retrospective study were to determine if dogs with babesiosis and other dogs had abnormal reticulocyte profiles, and to correlate these profiles with the primary diagnosis. METHODS: All canine CBCs obtained with the Sysmex XT-2000iV or Procyte DX were reviewed...
October 4, 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Chetasi Talati, Eric Padron
According to the recently published 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of myeloid malignancies, myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) include atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML), MDS/MPN-unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), and MDS/MPN ring sideroblasts with thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T). MDS/MPN-RS-T was previously a provisional category known as refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts with thrombocytosis (RARS-T) which has now attained a distinct designation in the 2016 WHO classification...
September 24, 2016: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Gilles M Leclerc, Shuhua Zheng, Guy J Leclerc, Joanna DeSalvo, Ronan T Swords, Julio C Barredo
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the leading cause of cancer-related death in children, and cure rates for adults remain dismal. Further, effective treatment strategies for relapsed/refractory ALL remain elusive. We previously uncovered that ALL cells are prone to apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress/unfolded protein response (UPR)-mediated mechanisms. We investigated the antineoplastic activity of pevonedistat(®), a novel NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor that targets E3 cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) dependent proteasomal protein degradation, in ALL...
September 5, 2016: Leukemia Research
Natasha Ghosh, Farida A Malik, Roshni G Daver, Jakapat Vanichanan, Pablo C Okhuysen
BACKGROUND: Viral associated diarrhea (VAD) due to Norovirus (NV), Rotavirus (RV) and Adenovirus (AV) is common in immunocompromised and cancer patients. We sought to determine if the clinical characteristics, morbidity and seasonality of infection differed according to the type of enteric virus identified. METHODS: Cases of NV, RV and AV were identified in stool specimens submitted to the clinical microbiology laboratory between November 2005 and February 2015...
September 13, 2016: Infectious Diseases
Jilliana Monnier, Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Danielle Canioni, Ludovic Lhermitte, Michael Soussan, Michel Arock, Julie Bruneau, Patrice Dubreuil, Christine Bodemer, Marie-Olivia Chandesris, Olivier Lortholary, Olivier Hermine, Gandhi Damaj
Mast cell sarcoma (MCS) is a rare form of mastocytosis characterized by the presence of solid tumor(s) comprising malignant mast cells that harbor destructive infiltration capability and metastatic potential. Here, we present an extensive literature review and report on 23 cases of MCS, including 3 new cases from the French National Reference Center for Mastocytosis. From our analysis, it appears that MCS can occur at any age. It can manifest de novo or, to a lesser extent, may evolve from a previously established mastocytosis...
September 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Matteo Coen, Jacques Serratrice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Daniel J Rowan, Valentina Logunova, Peter van Tuinen, Horatiu Olteanu, Jess F Peterson
Circulating tumor cells are rare in peripheral blood smears. We report the case of a patient with circulating breast carcinoma cells resembling circulating myeloid blasts and provide a brief review of the literature. Peripheral blood smears and a bone marrow aspirate were examined morphologically and by flow cytometry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Bone marrow histology in conjunction with immunohistochemical stains was also evaluated. A population of atypical cells with blast-like morphology was present in the peripheral blood...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
John Q Le, Puneet S Braich, Vikram S Brar
We report a case of a 59-year-old man with a history of atypical chronic myelogenous leukemia who presented with a several-week history of decreased vision in both eyes. His clinical examination revealed bilateral foveal infiltration, which was also demonstrated on optical coherence tomography. After a failed induction with imatinib (Gleevec(®)), he was treated with omacetaxine (Synribo(®)) with an appropriate hematologic response. As his leukemia improved with chemotherapy, his retinal lesions regressed as demonstrated by serial optical coherence tomography and fundus photographs, with near complete restoration of foveal architecture...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Rémi Froment, Christian Bédard
This is the report of a 5-year-old male neutered Great Dane with an extreme leukocytosis (544.9 × 10(9) cells/L; RI 5.2-13.9 × 10(9) cells/L) characterized by highly atypical round cells. Cellular morphologic features such as cytoplasmic membrane blebs, a high nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio, and nuclear indentations and irregularities and large nucleoli, as well as immunocytochemistry for CD3 and CD79, myeloperoxidase cytochemistry, and clonality testing were not conclusive for myeloid or lymphoid origin. Marked alkaline hyperphosphatasemia was present at the first visit (2783...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
X Yang, H Liu, Z H Lin, J Qian, X R Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inhibitory effects of RNA interference targeting GFI-1 on growth and proliferation of atypical chronic myelogenous leukemia (aCML) NT1 cells. METHODS: NT1 cells were transfected with PBS and liposome complex (vehicle group), scrambled siRNA and liposome complex (negative control, NC group), and GFI-1 siRNA and liposome complex (GFI-1 siRNA group), respectively. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were performed to examine the expression levels of GFI-1 mRNA and protein, respectively...
August 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Suja Vidyadharan, Bebisha Joseph, Sukumaran Pradeep Nair
A 37-year-old male presented with severe oral and genital mucosal ulcers, lichenoid eruption and twenty-nail dystrophy. Systemic examination was normal, except for anemia. On investigations, he was found to have persistently elevated peripheral eosinophilia, absolute eosinophil count >5000/mm(3), bone marrow showing increased eosinophilic precursors, and infiltration by atypical cells. The serum vitamin B12 levels were grossly elevated, and Philadelphia chromosome study was negative. Thus, a diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic leukemia was made...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Matthieu Mosca, Gaëlle Vertenoeil, Katte Rao Toppaldoddi, Isabelle Plo, William Vainchenker
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF JAK/STAT SIGNALING IN BCR-ABL-NEGATIVE MYELOPROLIFERATIVE NEOPLASMS: Myeloproliferative disorders more recently named Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) display several clinical entities: chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the classical MPN including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and atypical and unclassifiable NMP. The term MPN is mostly used for classical BCR-ABL-negative (myeloproliferative disorder) (ET, PV, PMF). These are clonal diseases resulting from the transformation of an hematopoietic stem cell and leading to an abnormal production of myeloid cells...
June 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Charles Jian, Cyrus C Hsia
A 65-year-old woman presented with easy bruising, left upper quadrant pain, decreased appetite, and weight loss. She had splenomegaly and lymphocytosis (lymphocyte count of 11.6 × 10(9)/l), with remarkably abnormal appearing morphology. Her hemoglobin and platelet counts were normal. Peripheral blood flow cytometry revealed a monoclonal B-cell population expressing CD11c, CD25, CD19, CD20, and CD103. An initial diagnosis of hairy cell leukemia (HCL) was made, and the patient was treated with a standard 5-day course of cladribine...
May 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
S V Gritsaev, I I Kostroma, I M Zapreeva, A V Shmidt, S A Tiranova, V A Balashova, I S Martynkevich, Zh V Chubukina, N Yu Semenova, A V Chechetkin
Secondary myeloid neoplasia may be a complication of intensive cytostatic therapy. The most common types of secondary neoplasias are acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. The development of secondary atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) is an extremely rare phenomenon. The paper describes transformation of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome to aCML 6 months after its diagnosis. The development of aCML was accompanied by additional chromosomal aberration as monosomy of chromosome 17. No mutations in the JAK2, MPL, and CalR genes were detected...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Aparna Harbhajanka, Arlen Brickman, Ji-Weon Park, Vijaya B Reddy, Pincas Bitterman, Paolo Gattuso
BACKGROUND: Myelomatous effusions (ME) of the serous cavities are rare. Identification of the atypical plasma cells in the body fluids may be critical for prognostic considerations. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinicopathologic findings of 21 serous effusion specimens from 13 cases of ME including 10 pleural, two concurrent pleural and pericardial, and one peritoneal from 1994 to 2014. RESULT: All 13 patients had bone marrow biopsy-proven plasma cell myeloma (PCM), including one plasmablastic-variant, one anaplastic-variant and one plasma cell leukemia...
September 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Ji Hyun Kwon, Young-Il Koh, Sung-Soo Yoon, Seonyang Park, Inho Kim
We investigated risk factors and outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with leptomeningeal involvement. Medical records of patients with non-promyelocytic AML at Seoul National University Hospital from January of 2000 to November of 2013 were reviewed. Leptomeningeal involvement was defined as the presence of atypical or malignant hematopoietic cells in the cerebrospinal fluid. Among 775 patients with AML, 141 patients (18.2 %) underwent cerebrospinal fluid examination. Leptomeningeal involvement of AML, confirmed in 38 patients (4...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
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