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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736570/surgical-treatment-paradigms-of-ankle-lateral-instability-osteochondral-defects-and-impingement
#1
Hélder Pereira, Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Pietro Spennacchio, Jorge Batista, Pieter D'Hooghe, Kenneth Hunt, Niek Van Dijk
Ankle sprain is amongst the most frequent musculoskeletal injuries, particularly during sports activities. Chronic ankle instability (CAI) resulting from an ankle sprain might have severe long-lasting consequences on the ankle joint. Despite the fact that most patients will respond favourably to appropriate conservative treatment, around 20% will develop symptomatic CAI with sense of giving away and recurrent sprains leading to functional impairment. "Classical" surgical repair by Brostrom-like surgery in one of its many modifications has achieved good results over the years...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624081/metal-resurfacing-inlay-implant-for-osteochondral-talar-defects-after-failed-previous-surgery-a-midterm-prospective-follow-up-study
#2
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Inge C M van Eekeren, Rogier M Gerards, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Treatment of osteochondral talar defects (OCDs) after failed previous surgery is challenging. Promising short-term results have been reported with use of a metal resurfacing inlay implant. PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of the metal implant for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We prospectively studied all patients who met the inclusion criteria and received a metal resurfacing inlay implant between 2007 and 2014...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613834/incidence-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-adults
#3
Jennifer M Weiss, Kevin G Shea, John C Jacobs, Peter C Cannamela, Ian Becker, Mark Portman, Jeffrey I Kessler
BACKGROUND: Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has frequently been described in children and adolescents, but cases of OCD in adults are certainly encountered. Little has been published on the epidemiology of OCD in adult patients. PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of OCD lesions in adults and assess the risk by age, sex, and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: The authors assessed all patients aged 20 to 45 years from the entire database of patients enrolled as members of Kaiser Permanente Southern California from January 2011 until December 2013...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110501/first-metatarsal-head-osteochondral-defect-treatment-with-particulated-juvenile-cartilage-allograft-transplantation-a-case-series
#4
Bryan Van Dyke, Gregory C Berlet, Justin L Daigre, Christopher F Hyer, Terrence M Philbin
BACKGROUND: Focal damage to articular cartilage, also called an osteochondral defect (OCD), can be a cause of pain and decreased range of motion. Recent advancements have led to transplantation techniques using particulated juvenile articular cartilage allograft. This technique has been applied to the first metatarsal head to a very limited degree, with no published results to our knowledge. The aim of this study was to review the clinical results of patients who underwent particulated juvenile cartilage allograft implantation for first metatarsal head OCDs...
February 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079263/accessibility-of-the-talar-dome-anatomic-comparison-of-plantarflexion-versus-noninvasive-distraction-in-arthroscopy
#5
Lena Hirtler, Reinhard Schuh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in accessibility of the talar dome during ankle arthroscopy between noninvasive distraction and maximum plantar flexion without distraction. METHODS: For this study, 20 matched pairs (n = 40) of anatomic ankle specimens were used. Two groups (distraction or maximum plantar flexion) were defined. Through the use of chondral picks, the accessibility of each technique was tested arthroscopically. Afterward, the ankle joint was dissected and the reach achieved was measured and compared between the 2 groups...
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752185/the-subchondral-bone-healing-after-fixation-of-an-osteochondral-talar-defect-is-superior-in-comparison-with-microfracture
#6
Mikel L Reilingh, Kaj T A Lambers, Jari Dahmen, Kim T M Opdam, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic bone marrow stimulation (BMS) has been considered the primary surgical treatment for osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus. However, fixation has been considered as a good alternative. Recently, a new arthroscopic fixation technique was described: the lift, drill, fill and fix procedure (LDFF). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results between arthroscopic LDFF and arthroscopic BMS in primary fixable talar OCDs at 1-year follow-up...
July 27, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633778/results-of-hemicap-%C3%A2-implantation-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#7
Sarah Ettinger, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Hazibullah Waizy, Christoph Becher, Daiwei Yao, Leif Claassen, Yvonne Noll, Christian Plaass
Osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus remain a surgical challenge, especially after failed primary treatment. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical outcomes after HemiCAP® implantation for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. Our retrospective study included 11 patients, who had undergone surgery from June 2009 to September 2012 for an OCD of the medial talar dome and received a HemiCAP® on the talus after failed previous surgery for OCD. The data were acquired using patients' medical records and standardized questionnaires, including the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, EQ-5D, numerical rating scale (NRS), and Short-Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577707/management-of-osteochondritis-dissecans-lesions-of-the-knee-elbow-and-ankle
#8
REVIEW
Kathryn L Bauer, John D Polousky
Although osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) has been a recognized condition for more than 100 years, our understanding of the etiology, natural history, and treatment remains poorly characterized. OCD most commonly affects the knee, followed by the elbow and ankle. Adolescents and young adults are most commonly affected. Patients present with vague, often intermittent symptoms and generally have no history of acute injury. Although diagnosis can be made with plain radiographs, treatment decisions are generally based on MRI...
July 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577065/treatment-of-talus-osteochondral-defects-in-chronic-lateral-unstable-ankles-small-sized-lateral-chondral-lesions-had-good-clinical-outcomes
#9
Hong Li, Yinghui Hua, Hongyun Li, Shengkun Li, Kui Ma, Shiyi Chen
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the clinical and MRI outcomes of patients with talus osteochondral defect (OCD) and patients without OCD in a cohort with chronic lateral ankle instability. METHODS: All patients who underwent open or arthroscopic anterior talofibular ligament repair of the lateral ligament complex by a single surgeon were included in this study. Ankle arthroscopic surgery was initially performed to manage any intra-articular OCD, including debridement and microfracture...
June 2, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271091/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-humeral-head-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Davod Jafari, Hooman Shariatzadeh, Farid Najd Mazhar, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mehran Razavipour
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a common joint disorder in knee, ankle and elbow, however it can be rarely found in glenohumeral joint. In this study, we report an asymptomatic case of humeral head OCD, which was detected incidentally following a trauma. X-rays showed an area of lucency around an oval bony fragment measuring about 1 cm on the superior aspect of the humeral head. However, the patient was pain-free and the shoulder range of motion was normal.
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769090/-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-in-the-ankle-a-guideline-from-the-group-clinical-tissue-regeneration-of-the-german-society-of-orthopaedics-and-traumatology-dgou
#11
REVIEW
M Aurich, D Albrecht, P Angele, C Becher, S Fickert, J Fritz, P E Müller, P Niemeyer, M Pietschmann, G Spahn, M Walther
Background: Osteochondral lesions (OCL) of the ankle are a common cause of ankle pain. Although the precise pathophysiology has not been fully elucidated, it can be assumed that a variety of factors are responsible, mainly including traumatic events such as ankle sprains. Advances in arthroscopy and imaging techniques, in particular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have improved the possibilities for the diagnosis of OCLs of the ankle. Moreover, these technologies aim at developing new classification systems and modern treatment strategies...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666628/the-clinical-and-radiological-importance-of-extraarticular-contrast-material-leakage-into-adjacent-synovial-compartments-on-ankle-mr-arthrography-in-patients-with-ocd-and-anterolateral-impingement
#12
Hayri Ogul, Yunus Guzel, Berhan Pirimoglu, Kutsi Tuncer, Gokhan Polat, Fatih Ergun, Recep Sade, Ummugulsum Bayraktutan, Ihsan Yuce, Mecit Kantarci
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tibiotalar joint capacity and the localisation, frequency and amount of extravasation in patients with extraarticular contrast material leakage into adjacent synovial compartments on ankle magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sites of extravasation were determined in the ankle MR arthrograms of 69 patients. Thirty-four patients without extraarticular contrast material leakage into locations unrelated to the injection path were included as a control group...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495945/bone-shape-difference-between-control-and-osteochondral-defect-groups-of-the-ankle-joint
#13
N Tümer, L Blankevoort, M van de Giessen, M P Terra, P A de Jong, H Weinans, G J M Tuijthof, A A Zadpoor
OBJECTIVE: The etiology of osteochondral defects (OCDs), for which the ankle (talocrural) joint is one of the common sites, is not yet fully understood. In this study, we hypothesized that bone shape plays a role in development of OCDs. Therefore, we quantitatively compared the morphology of the talus and the distal tibia between an OCD group and a control group. METHODS: The shape variations of the talus and distal tibia were described separately by constructing two statistical shape models (SSMs) based on the segmentation of the bones from ankle computed tomography (CT) scans obtained from control (i...
December 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306999/is-there-a-relationship-between-talar-osteochondral-lesions-and-foot-angles
#14
Safiye Tokgoz Ozal, Ahmet Akca, Emin Cakmakci
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between talar osteochondral defects (OCDs) and foot angles in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study that included 25 patients with talar OCD and 29 patients without OCD who underwent magnetic resonance imaging in our department between September 2013 and January 2015. We retrospectively measured the foot angles (Bohler's angle, lateral talocalcaneal angle and calcaneal inclination angle) on ankle radiographs in both groups...
October 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047984/the-incidence-of-surgery-in-osteochondritis-dissecans-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Jennifer M Weiss, Hooman Nikizad, Kevin G Shea, Samvel Gyurdzhyan, John C Jacobs, Peter C Cannamela, Jeffrey I Kessler
BACKGROUND: The frequency of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), a disorder of the subchondral bone and articular cartilage, is not well described. PURPOSE: To assess the frequency of pediatric OCD lesions that progress to surgery based on sex, joint involvement, and age. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: A retrospective chart review (2007-2011) was performed on OCD. Inclusion criteria included OCD of any joint and patients aged 2 to 19 years...
March 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26903214/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-on-return-to-sports-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-microfracture-of-osteochondral-talar-defects-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-multicenter-trial
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Rogier M Gerards, Inge C van Eekeren, Rob J de Haan, Inger N Sierevelt, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Rover Krips, Duncan E Meuffels, C N van Dijk, Leendert Blankevoort
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus usually affect athletic patients. The primary surgical treatment consists of arthroscopic debridement and microfracture. Various possibilities have been suggested to improve the recovery process after debridement and microfracture. A potential solution to obtain this goal is the application of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs), which stimulate the repair process of bone and cartilage. HYPOTHESIS: The use of PEMFs after arthroscopic debridement and microfracture of an OCD of the talus leads to earlier resumption of sports and an increased number of patients that resume sports...
May 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846661/return-to-sports-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-bone-marrow-stimulation-of-osteochondral-talar-defects-a-5-to-24-year-follow-up-study
#17
I C M van Eekeren, C J A van Bergen, I N Sierevelt, M L Reilingh, C N van Dijk
PURPOSE: Osteochondral defects (OCD) often have a severe impact on the quality of life due to deep ankle pain during and after weight bearing, which prevents young patients from leading an active life. Arthroscopic debridement and bone marrow stimulation are currently the gold standard treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the number of patients that resume and maintain sports to their pre-injury activity level after arthroscopic debridement and bone marrow stimulation...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26713327/computed-tomography-analysis-of-osteochondral-defects-of-the-talus-after-arthroscopic-debridement-and-microfracture
#18
M L Reilingh, C J A van Bergen, L Blankevoort, R M Gerards, I C M van Eekeren, G M M J Kerkhoffs, C N van Dijk
PURPOSE: The primary surgical treatment of osteochondral defects (OCD) of the talus is arthroscopic debridement and microfracture. Healing of the subchondral bone is important because it affects cartilage repair and thus plays a role in pathogenesis of osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dimensional changes and bony healing of talar OCDs after arthroscopic debridement and microfracture. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with a talar OCD were treated with arthroscopic debridement and microfracture...
April 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25609040/a-novel-ultrasound-technique-for-detection-of-osteochondral-defects-in-the-ankle-joint-a-parametric-and-feasibility-study
#19
Nazli Sarkalkan, Arjo J Loeve, Koen W A van Dongen, Gabrielle J M Tuijthof, Amir A Zadpoor
(Osteo)chondral defects (OCDs) in the ankle are currently diagnosed with modalities that are not convenient to use in long-term follow-ups. Ultrasound (US) imaging, which is a cost-effective and non-invasive alternative, has limited ability to discriminate OCDs. We aim to develop a new diagnostic technique based on US wave propagation through the ankle joint. The presence of OCDs is identified when a US signal deviates from a reference signal associated with the healthy joint. The feasibility of the proposed technique is studied using experimentally-validated 2D finite-difference time-domain models of the ankle joint...
December 24, 2014: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25606554/osteochondritis-dissecans-of-the-talus
#20
Giacomo Zanon, Giovanni DI Vico, Matteo Marullo
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is an acquired idiopathic lesion of subchondral bone that can produce delamination and sequestration with or without articular cartilage involvement and instability. The cause of OCD is still debated: the most recognized etiology is the occurrence of repetitive micro-traumas associated with vascular impairment, causing progressive ankle pain and dysfunction in skeletally immature and young adult patients. Ankle OCD is classically located in the medial part of the talus, while lateral and posterior involvement is less frequent...
July 2014: Joints
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