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Rajat R Khajuria, Rishav Singh, Pranamee Barua, Nausheen Hajira, Naveen Gupta, Rohit R Thakkar
AIM: The present study is undertaken to examine the film thickness of three most commonly used luting cements and to determine their usage as a luting agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out strictly according to the guidelines of American Dental Association (ADS) specification no. 8. Two glass slabs of 5 cm in length and 2 cm in width were used. One glass slab was kept over the other glass slab and the space between the two glass slabs was measured using metallurgical microscope at the power of 10*...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Yuki Murata, Yuta Nakashoji, Masaki Kondo, Yugo Tanaka, Masahiko Hashimoto
We previously developed a technique that enabled automatic creation of monodisperse water-in-oil droplets with the use of an air-evacuated PDMS microfluidic device. Although the device generated droplets over a long-time period, the production rate was slow (∼10 droplets per second). In the current study, we aimed to improve this rate, using the same fluid pumping principle described in our previous work, by remodeling our device configuration. To achieve this aim, we developed a new device with a much larger PDMS surface area-to-volume ratio within the air-trapping void space (178 cm(-1) ), than that of our earlier device (5...
August 16, 2017: Electrophoresis
Leonid P Salamakha, Oksana Sologub, Berthold Stöger, Peter Franz Rogl, Monika Waas, Volodymyr B Kapustianyk, Ernst Bauer
Two borides, ScRu2B3 and Sc2RuB6, were obtained by argon-arc melting of the elements followed by annealing at 800 °C. ScRu2B3 exhibits a new structure type with the space group Cmcm (a = 3.0195(2) Å, b = 15.4056(8) Å, c = 5.4492(3) Å; single crystal X-ray data; RF(2) = 0.0105). Sc2RuB6 adopts the Y2ReB6-type structure (space group Pbam; a = 8.8545(2) Å, b = 11.1620(3) Å, c = 3.4760(1) Å; single crystal X-ray data; RF(2) = 0.0185). ScRu2B3 displays an unusual intergrowth of CeCo3B2- and AlB2-related slabs; a striking feature is a boat configuration of puckered boron hexagons within infinite graphite like boron layers (6(3) nets)...
August 16, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Mayss Al-Sheikh, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Maximilian Pfau, Akihito Uji, Phillip P Le, SriniVas R Sadda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To quantify vessel density (VD) and grey value (GV) as a measure of flow in the choriocapillaris (CC) in healthy subjects with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, noncomparative case series, 3 mm × 3 mm OCTA images of 36 eyes of 22 healthy individuals were obtained using a swept-source instrument. VD and GV levels were calculated on CC en face slabs in the central 1-mm (subfoveal field) and surrounding 2...
August 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Siyuan Dai, Qiong Ma, Yafang Yang, Jeremy Rosenfeld, Michael D Goldflam, Alex McLeod, Zhiyuan Sun, Trond I Andersen, Zhe Fei, Mengkun Liu, Yinming Shao, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Mark Thiemens, Fritz Keilmann, Pablo Jarillo-Herrero, Michael M Fogler, D N Basov
We investigated phonon-polaritons in hexagonal boron nitride-a naturally hyperbolic van der Waals material-by means of the scattering-type scanning near-field optical microscopy. Real-space nanoimages we have obtained detail how the polaritons are launched when the light incident on a thin hexagonal boron nitride slab is scattered by various intrinsic and extrinsic inhomogeneities, including sample edges, metallic nanodisks deposited on its top surface, random defects, and surface impurities. The scanned tip of the near-field microscope is itself a polariton launcher whose efficiency proves to be superior to all the other types of polariton launchers we studied...
August 17, 2017: Nano Letters
Yonghao Liu, Weidong Zhou, Yuze Sun
High sensitivity (S) and high quality factor (Q) are desirable to achieve low detection limit in label-free optical sensors. In this paper, we theoretically demonstrate that single-layer and coupled bi-layer photonic crystal slabs (PCS) possess simultaneously high S and high Q near the bound states in the continuum (BIC). We theoretically achieved S > 800 nm/RIU and Q > 10⁷ in refractive index sensing in the 1400-1600 nm telecom optical wavelength bands. We experimentally demonstrated an S of 94 nm/RIU and a Q of 1...
August 11, 2017: Sensors
Bryant T Svedin, Dennis L Parker
PURPOSE: To study the accuracy and precision of T1 estimates using the Variable Flip Angle (VFA) method in 2D and 3D acquisitions. METHODS: Excitation profiles were simulated using numerical implementation of the Bloch equations for Hamming-windowed sinc excitation pulses with different time-bandwidth products (TBP) of 2, 6, and 10 and for T1 values of 295 ms and 1045 ms. Experimental data was collected in 5° increments from 5° to 90° for the same T1 and TBP values...
August 10, 2017: Medical Physics
Chiara Veronese, Chiara Maiolo, Mariachiara Morara, Grayson W Armstrong, Antonio P Ciardella
PURPOSE: To present a single case of bilateral multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS). METHODS: A single case with three months of follow-up using imaging studies including fundus color photography (FP), fluorescein angiography (FA), indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), fundus autofluorescence (FAF), spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), en face SD-OCT and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is presented. RESULTS: The patient presented with bilateral MEWDS, ultimately with complete resolution of symptoms...
August 9, 2017: International Ophthalmology
E Ficini, L Dal Zilio, C Doglioni, T V Gerya
It is generally accepted that subduction is driven by downgoing-plate negative buoyancy. Yet plate age -the main control on buoyancy- exhibits little correlation with most of the present-day subduction velocities and slab dips. "West"-directed subduction zones are on average steeper (~65°) than "East"-directed (~27°). Also, a "westerly"-directed net rotation of the lithosphere relative to the mantle has been detected in the hotspot reference frame. Thus, the existence of an "easterly"-directed horizontal mantle wind could explain this subduction asymmetry, favouring steepening or lifting of slab dip angles...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Raquel Viana Rodrigues, Marcelo Giannini, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Preety Panwar, Dieter Brömme, Adriana Pigozzo Manso, Ricardo Marins Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of conditioning solutions containing ferric chloride (FeCl3) on resin-dentin bond strength; on protection of dentin collagen against enzymatic degradation and on cathepsin-K (CT-K) activity. METHODS: Conditioning solutions were prepared combining citric acid (CA) and anhydrous ferric chloride (FeCl3) in different concentrations. The solutions were applied to etch flat dentin surfaces followed by bonding with adhesive resin. Phosphoric acid (PA) gel etchant was used as control...
August 2, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Cezary Grochowski, Grzegorz Staśkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Time-of-flight (TOF) angiography is a technique allowing to visualize the blood flow in vessels. 7T ToF-MRA is able to visualize the whole Circle of Willis including small perforating branches without any known side effects as opposed to usually used DSA and CTA with high exposition to the radiation and high doses of contrast as far as CTA is concerned. AIM: The aim of this review is to describe ultra-high field ToF-MRA and present different protocol data depending on the scanner used in the study...
July 8, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Kun Zhao, Xiao-Dong Zhou, Xue-Qiang Liu, Lei Lu, Zhi-Bo Wu, Fei Peng, Xiao-Yu Ju, Li-Zhong Yang
The present study is aimed at predicting downward flame spread characteristics over poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) with different sample dimensions in different pressure environments. Three-dimensional (3-D) downward flame spread experiments on free PMMA slabs were conducted at five locations with different altitudes, which provide different pressures. Pressure effects on the flame spread rate, profile of pyrolysis front and flame height were analyzed at all altitudes. The flame spread rate in the steady-state stage was calculated based on the balance on the fuel surface and fuel properties...
November 22, 2016: Materials
Minghuan Liu, Yonggang Liu, Zenghui Peng, Chengliang Yang, Quanquan Mu, Zhaoliang Cao, Ji Ma, Li Xuan
Systematic experiments were performed to investigate solvent-dependent morphology and aggregation of the semiconducting polymer film poly[2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene-vinylene] (MEH-PPV), which was span-cast from nonaromatic strong polarity solvents tetrahydrofuran (THF), trichloromethane (TCM) and aromatic weak polarity solvents chlorobenzene (CB), toluene, and p-xylene. The results indicated that the conformation of the spin-cast MEH-PPV films with weak aggregation such as THF and TCM demonstrated excellent lasing emission performances because of inhibiting the fluorescence quenching induced by bi-molecule process...
June 29, 2017: Materials
Valeria Butera, Maytal Caspary Toroker
Due to the high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity, stability, and abundance of NiOx materials, they are found to be promising catalysts, competitive with expensive metal oxides such as IrO₂ and RuO₂. From a theoretical point of view, studies reported in the literature so far are mostly based on density functional theory using periodic slab models for the bulk and surface of β-NiOOH, one of the active NiOx phases. However, cluster models are a valid method to investigate many aspects about structure, charge carrier transport properties, and OER activity of β-NiOOH...
April 29, 2017: Materials
Ke Wang, Hailin Wang, Guangzhi Zhu, Xiao Zhu
A Cr13Ni5Si2-based composite coating was successfully deposited on copper by pulse laser induction hybrid cladding (PLIC), and its high-temperature wear behavior was investigated. Temperature evolutions associated with crack behaviors in PLIC were analyzed and compared with pulse laser cladding (PLC) using the finite element method. The microstructure and present phases were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. Compared with continuous laser induction cladding, the higher peak power offered by PLIC ensures metallurgical bonding between highly reflective copper substrate and coating...
February 10, 2017: Materials
Javier Polanco-Gonzalez, Jesús Alfredo Carranco-Rodríguez, José L Enríquez-Carrejo, Pierre G Mani-Gonzalez, José Manuel Domínguez-Esquivel, Manuel Ramos
We present a series of computer-assisted high-resolution transmission electron (HRTEM) simulations to determine Moiré patters by induced twisting effects between slabs at rotational angles of 3°, 5°, 8°, and 16°, for molybdenum disulfide, graphene, tungsten disulfide, and tungsten selenide layered materials. In order to investigate the electronic structure, a series of numerical simulations using density functional methods (DFT) methods was completed using Cambridge serial total energy package (CASTEP) with a generalized gradient approximation to determine both the band structure and density of states on honeycomb-like new superlattices...
February 8, 2017: Materials
Bjorn Van Belleghem, Philip Van den Heede, Kim Van Tittelboom, Nele De Belie
Formation of cracks impairs the durability of concrete elements. Corrosion inducing substances, such as chlorides, can enter the matrix through these cracks and cause steel reinforcement corrosion and concrete degradation. Self-repair of concrete cracks is an innovative technique which has been studied extensively during the past decade and which may help to increase the sustainability of concrete. However, the experiments conducted until now did not allow for an assessment of the service life extension possible with self-healing concrete in comparison with traditional (cracked) concrete...
December 23, 2016: Materials
Steffen Kist, Venumadhav Korampally
We report on a non-destructive method for evaluating fluorescence emission from fluorophores placed upon engineered photonic structures. Our method utilizes re-usable, fluorescent thin film coated polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamps. We harness the inherent characteristics of PDMS slabs; their ability to form conformal contact through van der Waals interactions in bringing the coated fluorescent layer on PDMS into close proximity of the photonic structure of interest. Fluorescence measurements are performed using the PDMS slab while in conformal contact with the test structure, allowing one to re-use these stamps for reliable evaluation over multiple samples...
August 3, 2017: Analyst
Vellore Kannan Gopinath
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the microleakage of one high-viscosity conventional glass ionomer cement (GIC) and a bulk-fill composite resin, in comparison to a resin-modified GIC in Class II restorations in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Standardized Class II slot cavity preparations were prepared in exfoliating primary molars. Teeth were restored using one of the three materials tested (n = 10): SonicFill bulk-fill composite resin (SF), EQUIA Fil conventional reinforced GIC (EQF), and Vitremer resin-reinforced GIC (VT)...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Benjamin Perrett, Paul Charles, Tim Markwell, Tanya Kairn, Scott Crowe
Commercial diode detectors used for small field dosimetry introduce a field-size-dependent over-response relative to an ideal, water-equivalent dosimeter due to high density components in the body of the detector. An air gap above the detector introduces a field-size-dependent under-response, and can be used to offset the field-size-dependent detector over-response. Other groups have reported experimental validation of caps containing air gaps for use with several types of diodes in small fields. This paper examines two designs for 3D printed diode air caps for the stereotactic field diode (SFD)-a cap containing a sealed air cavity, and a cap with an air cavity at the face of the SFD...
July 31, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
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