Read by QxMD icon Read

"Skin cancer" screening

Kurt Ullman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
Importance: Indoor tanning is prevalent among young adults and women and is associated with increased risk of melanoma. Evidence suggests that indoor tanners may be more inclined to adopt poor photoprotective practices that further increase their risk of skin cancer; however, gaps in the literature exist in young adults and by indoor tanning frequency. Objective: To examine the association between indoor tanning frequency and behaviors related to skin cancer prevention and to investigate whether these associations vary by age group or sex...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Debasis Nayak, Manisha Kumari, Sripathi Rajachandar, Sarbani Ashe, Neethi Chandra Thathapudi, Bismita Nayak
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are double edged sword that possesses both beneficial and harmful effects. Although basic research on skin cancer prevention has undergone a huge transformation, cases of recurrence with higher rates of drug resistance are some of its drawbacks. Therefore, targeting mitochondria by ROS overproduction provides an alternate approach for anticancer therapy. In the present study green synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were explored for triggering the ROS production in A431 skin carcinoma cells...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alicia Brunssen, Annika Waldmann, Nora Eisemann, Alexander Katalinic
BACKGROUND: Benefits of skin cancer screening remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to update evidence on the impact of skin cancer screening and secondary prevention campaigns on skin cancer incidence, mortality, stage-specific incidence, and interval cancers after negative screening. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies published in English or German between January 1, 2005, and February 4, 2015. Two reviewers independently performed study selection, data extraction, and critical appraisal...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Corey H Basch, Anthony Menafro, Jennifer Mongiovi, Grace Clarke Hillyer, Charles E Basch
In the United States, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men after skin cancer. There is a paucity of research devoted to the types of prostate cancer information available on social media outlets. YouTube™ is a widely used video sharing website, which is emerging as commonplace for information related to health. The purpose of this study was to describe the most widely viewed YouTube™ videos related to prostate cancer. The 100 videos were watched a total of 50,278,770 times. The majority of videos were uploaded by consumers (45...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Gail M Pfeifer
The statement refers only to asymptomatic adults with no history of skin cancer.
October 2016: American Journal of Nursing
Sarah Baldwin, Sheila Au
The Skin Cancer Post-Transplant (SCREEN) Clinic is a skin-cancer screening clinic that is fully integrated into the renal transplantation clinic at St Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia. The purpose of this review was to determine characteristics of patients most at risk for skin cancer, to specify types and locations of skin cancers diagnosed, and to identify areas for patient and physician education. Transplant patients (91% renal; 5% heart) screened by a dermatologist during a 12-month period were stratified into low-, medium-, and high-risk groups based on detailed history and skin examination...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
David Bennett, Antonella Fossi, Rosa Metella Refini, Francesco Gentili, Luca Luzzi, Luca Voltolini, Piero Paladini, Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Paola Rottoli
PURPOSE: Solid-organ tumor incidences are higher in solid organ transplant patients than in the general population. The aim of this study was to analyze solid-organ tumor frequency and characteristics in a population of lung transplant patients and provide a brief review of the literature. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients who underwent a lung transplant in the Lung Transplant Program at the University Hospital of Siena, Italy, from 2001 to 2014 (n = 119)...
August 23, 2016: Tumori
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2016: American Family Physician
Yi-Chan Chen, Chih-Hsien Cheng, Yu-Chao Wang, Ting-Jun Wu, Hong-Shiue Chou, Kun-Ming Chan, Wei-Chen Lee, Chen-Fang Lee, Ruey Shyang Soong
Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the choice of treatment not only for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure but also for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The development of de novo malignancies after liver transplantation plays an important role in late mortality; the incidence of late mortality has increased owing to improved survival. The incidence of de novo malignancies is 2.3% to 25%, which is 2 to 3 times that of malignancies in the general population. The most commonly reported de novo malignancies in solid organs are skin cancer, Karposi sarcoma, and colon cancer according to the frequency of exposure to a specific carcinogen...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ugur Uslu, Felix Hees, Eva Winnik, Wolfgang Uter, Michael Sticherling
Incidences of UV-induced skin cancer are continuously increasing. For this reason, early diagnosis is becoming more important. In this study, 783 employees of a technical company participated in an employee skin cancer screening program, which consisted of a physical examination for benign and malignant skin lesions and premalignant conditions. To ensure the quality of the examinations, screening was only performed by 5 trained dermatologists. Participants also were asked to complete a standardized questionnaire prior to examination...
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Venkata S Katabathina, Christine O Menias, Varaha S Tammisetti, Meghan G Lubner, Ania Kielar, Akram Shaaban, Joseph Mansour, Venkateshwar R Surabhi, Amy K Hara
Life expectancies for solid organ recipients as well as graft survival rates for these patients have improved over the years because of advanced immunosuppressive therapies; however, with chronic use of these drugs, posttransplant malignancy has become one of the leading causes of morbidity for them. The risk of carcinogenesis in transplant recipients is significantly higher than for the general population and cancers tend to manifest at an advanced stage. Posttransplant malignancies are thought to develop by three mechanisms: de novo development, donor-related transmission, and recurrence of a recipient's pretransplant malignancy...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Euphemia W Mu, Jesse M Lewin, Mary L Stevenson, Shane A Meehan, John A Carucci, Daniel S Gareau
Importance: Confocal microscopy has the potential to provide rapid bedside pathologic analysis, but clinical adoption has been limited in part by the need for physician retraining to interpret grayscale images. Digitally stained confocal mosaics (DSCMs) mimic the colors of routine histologic specimens and may increase adaptability of this technology. Objective: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of 3 physicians using DSCMs before and after training to detect basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in Mohs micrographic surgery fresh-tissue specimens...
September 7, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
S A Acuna, J W Huang, A L Scott, S Micic, C Daly, C Brezden-Masley, S Joseph Kim, N N Baxter
Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at increased risk of developing and dying from cancer. However, controversies exist around cancer screening in this population owing to reduced life expectancy and competing causes of death. This systematic review assesses the availability, quality and consistency of cancer screening recommendations in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). We systematically searched bibliographic databases and gray literature to identify CPGs and assessed their quality using AGREE II...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Charlene J Treanor, Una C McMenamin, Roisin F O'Neill, Chris R Cardwell, Mike J Clarke, Marie Cantwell, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that up to 75% of cancer survivors may experience cognitive impairment as a result of cancer treatment and given the increasing size of the cancer survivor population, the number of affected people is set to rise considerably in coming years. There is a need, therefore, to identify effective, non-pharmacological interventions for maintaining cognitive function or ameliorating cognitive impairment among people with a previous cancer diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cognitive effects, non-cognitive effects, duration and safety of non-pharmacological interventions among cancer patients targeted at maintaining cognitive function or ameliorating cognitive impairment as a result of cancer or receipt of systemic cancer treatment (i...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jennifer L Howell, Kate A Ratliff, James A Shepperd
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of disease is often crucially important for positive health outcomes, yet people sometimes decline opportunities for early detection (e.g., opting not to screen). Although some health-information avoidance reflects a deliberative decision, we propose that information avoidance can also reflect an automatic, nondeliberative reaction. In the present research, we investigated whether people's automatic attitude toward learning health information predicted their avoidance of risk feedback...
August 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
B Imko-Walczuk, A Okuniewska, A Prędota-Głowacka, J Jaśkiewicz, W Placek, Z Włodarczyk, A Dębska-Ślizień, B Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: Organ transplant recipients are an at-risk group for skin cancers and benign cutaneous diseases. Immunosuppression type, dosage, and treatment length dictates the frequency of benign lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty-three consecutive adult renal transplant recipients (RTRs) were enrolled and screened for benign skin lesions. During examination, swabs, skin scrapings, and nail clippings were collected from any suspected areas infection and any cutaneous lesions marked for quality and quantity on a special questionnaire...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Vikas R Dharnidharka, Abhijit S Naik, David Axelrod, Mark A Schnitzler, Huiling Xiao, Daniel C Brennan, Dorry L Segev, Henry Randall, Jiajing Chen, Bertram Kasiske, Krista L Lentine
BACKGROUND: Current clinical and economic consequences of cancer after kidney transplantation are incompletely defined. METHODS: We examined United States Renal Data System records of Medicare-insured kidney transplant recipients in 2000-2011 to determine clinical and economic impacts of cancer diagnosed within the first 3 years posttransplantation. Cancer diagnoses were identified using Medicare billing codes and categorized as nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), viral-linked and "other" cancers...
August 3, 2016: Transplantation
J Augustin, I Schäfer, P Thiess, M Reusch, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer in Germany. So far, it is unclear whether regional variations exist in the health care of the BCC. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of regional variations in health care (e. g., skin cancer screening) and their causes using the example of BCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the regional health care situation of BCC based on three studies was undertaken...
October 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Vinayak K Nahar, Jonathan E Mayer, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"