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"Skin cancer" screening

David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. Although invasive melanoma accounts for only 2% of all skin cancer cases, it is responsible for 80% of skin cancer deaths. Basal and squamous cell carcinoma, the 2 predominant types of nonmelanoma skin cancer, represent the vast majority of skin cancer cases. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling for the primary prevention of skin cancer and the 2009 recommendation on screening for skin cancer with skin self-examination...
March 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Brittany Wheatley
Skin cancer is treatable and curable. Primary care providers should perform skin assessments for detection of skin cancer, however, due to conflicting guidelines and time constraints, many providers do not conduct adequate skin inspections. This quality improvement project aimed to improve skin inspection, documentation, and skin cancer detection through increased patient gowning.
April 19, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
Valérie Zimmerlé, Emeline Laurent, Valérie Tauveron, Annabel Maruani, Emmanuelle Le Bidre, Mahtab Samimi, Laurent Machet
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous cancers are very common, easily visible on skin. The general practitioner (GP) is in the front line to manage the lesions. He has to recognize malignancy and refer most often to the specialist for excision, or consider that the lesion is benign and in ambiguous cases, offer clinical monitoring. The current low medical density in the Centre Val de Loire area makes access to general practitioners (GP) and dermatologists harder. The aim of this study was to evaluate GPs' everyday practice in cutaneous cancers screening in general, and particularly in melanoma screening, in a rural region of France...
March 16, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Alexandra Price, Jessica Cervantes, Scott Lindsey, Divya Aickara, Shasa Hu
Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the classic triad of fingernail dysplasia, patellar absence/hypoplasia, and presence of iliac horns. We describe the various features of NPS, focusing on dermatologic and musculoskeletal findings. A 69-year-old man presented to the dermatology clinic for a routine skin cancer screening. Physical examination revealed hypoplastic fingernails with longitudinal ridging, splitting, and triangular lunulae; left patellar absence and right patellar hypoplasia; and bilateral iliac horns that had been present since birth...
February 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Marie Toutfaire, Elise Dumortier, Antoine Fattaccioli, Martine Van Steenbrugge, Charlotte M Proby, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux
Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common type of non-melanoma skin cancer in white-skinned populations. cSCC is associated with sun exposure and aging, which is concomitant with an accumulation of senescent cells in the skin. The involvement of senescent cells in carcinogenesis has been highlighted in several cancer types and an interaction between cSCC cells and senescent cells is proposed, but still little explored. Tumor-associated effects are mostly attributed to the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP)...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Jihyun An, Jong Woo Kim, Ju Hyun Shim, Seungbong Han, Chang Sik Yu, Jaewon Choe, Danbi Lee, Kang Mo Kim, Young-Suk Lim, Young-Hwa Chung, Yung Sang Lee, Dong Jin Suh, Jin Hyoung Kim, Han Chu Lee
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological evidences suggest that hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is linked to cancers other than hepatocellular carcinoma. This prospective hospital registry-based case-control study aimed to investigate the sero-epidemiological association between chronic HBV infection and various types of cancer. METHODS: 95,034 patients with first-diagnosed non-hepatocellular malignancy in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2014; and 118,891 non-cancer individuals as controls from a health promotion center were included...
2018: PloS One
Mark H Ebell, Thuy Nhu Thai, Kyle J Royalty
Background: Recommendations regarding cancer screening vary from country to country, and may also vary within countries depending on the organization making the recommendations. The goal of this study was to summarize the cancer screening recommendations from the 21 countries with the highest per capita spending on healthcare. Main body: Cancer screening guidelines were identified for each country based on a review of the medical literature, internet searches, and contact with key informants in most countries...
2018: Public Health Reviews
Marike M Leijs, André Esser, Philipp M Amann, Thomas Schettgen, Monika Gube, Hans F Merk, Thomas Kraus, Jens M Baron
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are well known persistent and toxic environmental pollutants. Our aim was to identify effects of moderate-high exposure to dioxin-like (dl) and non-dioxin-like (ndl)-PCBs on the skin in order to provide more insight in the pathophysiological effects of these compounds. We performed a dermatological examination on 92 former workers from a transformer recycling company with known elevated serum PCB and/or dioxin (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furan (PCDD/F)) levels...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
Maria Cristina Sini, Valentina Doneddu, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Milena Casula, Maria Colombino, Antonella Manca, Gerardo Botti, Paolo A Ascierto, Amelia Lissia, Antonio Cossu, Giuseppe Palmieri
Cutaneous melanoma is a common and aggressive human skin cancers. Much is actually known about the molecular mechanisms underlying melanoma pathogenesis. The aim of the study was to evaluate any possible correlation between mutations in main growth-controlling genes ( BRAF, NRAS, CDKN2A ) and copy number variations in frequently amplified candidate genes ( MITF, EGFR, CCND1, cMET, and cKIT ) during melanoma initiation and progression. A large series of primary and secondary melanoma tissue samples ( N = 274) from 232 consecutively-collected patients of Italian origin as well as 32 tumor cell lines derived from primary and metastatic melanomas underwent mutation screening and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Georgi Tchernev, Ivan Pidakev, Anastasiya Atanasova Chokoeva, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Irina Yungareva, Ilia Lozev, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov
Interdigital spaces could be an area of affection of a various cutaneous conditions, most of them with benign origin. The spectrum of differential diagnosis of pigmented interdigital lesions with a recent occurrence is not so wide, in contrast. When considering pigmented lesions in the interdigital area, the most harmless differential diagnosis is a traumatic hematoma. But what would happen if we based our therapeutic behaviour or suspicious and unconfirmed harmless diagnosis, instead of considering the real life-threatening once with priority, if we kept in mind that acral lentiginous melanoma has rather an aggressive course and is the main cause of death in skin cancer patients? We present a case of misdiagnosed interdigital melanoma, treated as a hemangioma with curettage, with almost fatal consequences, in regard to uncontrolled tumor progression as a result of the wrong traumatic procedure in one hand, and the lack of adequate screening and follow up, leading to progress of the disease with lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis in general...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nadezhda Palkina, Olga Sergeeva, Tatiana Ruksha, Ivan Artyukhov
Objective: The Melanoma Screening Day Campaign started in the Russian Federation in 2006. In the present study, we analyzed the 2015-2016 survey questionnaire data acquired from screened individuals in the city of Krasnoyarsk in eastern Siberia, which has a population of one million, in order to understand the level of awareness regarding melanoma/ skin cancer prevention and early diagnosis. Methods: Individuals were enrolled in the screening campaign by mass media advertising. Free whole-body examinations were provided by the doctors, and the standardized questionnaire forms (n=444) were completed to obtain relevant demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Yi-Quan Xiong, Yun Mo, Yu-Qi Wen, Ming-Ji Cheng, Shu-Ting Huo, Xue-Jiao Chen, Qing Chen
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emergent imaging tool used for noninvasive diagnosis of skin diseases. The present meta-analysis was carried out to assess the accuracy of OCT for the diagnosis of skin cancer. We conducted a systematic literature search though EMBASE, Medline, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science database for relevant articles published up to June 6, 2017. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the QUADAS-2 tool and the Oxford Levels of Evidence Scale. Statistical analyses were conducted using the software Meta-Disc version 1...
February 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Mohammed Ibrahim, Siddhartha Yadav, Foluso Ogunleye, Dana Zakalik
BACKGROUND: Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) genes are associated with an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancers in women. The cancer characteristics of men with BRCA1/2 mutations are less well studied. This study describes the unique cancer characteristics of male BRCA1/2 mutation carriers at our institution. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review on male patients who were seen between January 2004 and December 2014 and tested positive for a BRCA1/2 mutation...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Alan C Geller, Barbra A Dickerman, Jennifer M Taber, Laura A Dwyer, Anne M Hartman, Frank M Perna
While the general efficacy of skin cancer interventions have been reviewed, employing the cancer control continuum would be useful to identify research gaps at specific cancer control points. We characterized the intervention evidence base for specific behavioral targets (e.g., tanning, sun protection, screening) and clinically related targets (e.g., sunburn, skin exams, cancers) at each point in the cancer control continuum. The review included articles published from 1/1/2000-6/30/15 that had an experimental design and targeted behavioral intervention in skin cancer (e...
February 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Ivetta Danylesko, Avichai Shimoni
Second malignancies are a rare but well-defined late complication after autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (SCT). Solid malignancies occur in up to 15% of patients 15 years after SCT with myeloablative conditioning, with no plateau in the incidence rates. They are responsible for 5-10% of late deaths after SCT. The incidence is increased with advanced age at SCT. The major risk factors are the use of total body irradiation, which is associated with adenocarcinomas and with chronic graft-versus-host disease which is associated with squamous cell cancers...
February 8, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
J Brütting, M Bergmann, C Weber, C Berking, W Tilgen, D Schadendorf, F Meier
BACKGROUND: Besides medical consultations, various sources of information and support are available for melanoma patients (MP) in Germany from commercial and non-commercial providers; however, little is known about how they are perceived and accepted by MPs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between July and October 2016 a total of 529 melanoma patients were surveyed at 27 accredited German skin cancer centers by means of a standardized questionnaire. Their awareness and satisfaction with 12 given sources of information and counseling services (print, online and by telephone) were surveyed...
February 2, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
James Goya Heaf, Alastair Hansen, Gunnar Hellmund Laier
BACKGROUND: The association of increased cancer risk with glomerulonephritis (GN) is well known, but controversy exists concerning which types of GN are involved, and the size of the association. A national registry survey was performed to assess the size of this association, and the temporal relationship of cancer diagnosis to GN diagnosis. METHODS: All patients with biopsy-proven GN between 1985 and 2015 in Denmark were extracted from The Danish Renal Biopsy Registry and the National Pathology Data Bank...
February 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Li-Xin Wang, Yang Li, Guan-Zhi Chen
Metastatic melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer and is one of the global malignancies with high mortality and morbidity. It is essential to identify and verify diagnostic biomarkers of early metastatic melanoma. Previous studies have systematically assessed protein biomarkers and mRNA-based expression characteristics. However, molecular markers for the early diagnosis of metastatic melanoma have not been identified. To explore potential regulatory targets, we have analyzed the gene microarray expression profiles of malignant melanoma samples by co-expression analysis based on the network approach...
2018: PloS One
Janin Lehmann, Christina Seebode, Marie Christine Martens, Steffen Emmert
Ultraviolet (UV)-induced DNA lesions are almost exclusively removed by the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is essential for prevention of skin cancer development. Patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) are extremely sun sensitive due to a genetic defect in components of the NER cascade. They present with first signs of premature skin aging at an early age, with a considerably increased risk of developing UV-induced skin cancer. XP belongs to the group of DNA repair defective disorders that are mainly diagnosed in the clinic and in hindsight confirmed at the molecular level...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Marie Christine Martens, Christina Seebode, Janin Lehmann, Steffen Emmert
UV radiation is acknowledged as the primary cause of photocarcinogenesis and therefore contributes to the development of skin cancer entities such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and melanoma. Typical DNA photoproducts and indirect DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species are the result of UV radiation. UV-induced DNA damage is repaired by nucleotide excision repair, which consequently counteracts the development of mutations and skin carcinogenesis. Tumour-suppressor genes are inactivated by mutation and growth-promoting pathways are activated leading to disruption of cell-cycle progression...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
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