keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Contraceptive method" and failure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732216/can-the-evolution-of-male-contraception-lead-to-a-revolution-review-of-the-current-state-of-knowledge
#1
Mikołaj Frankiewicz, Wojciech Połom, Marcin Matuszewski
Introduction: Great advances in medical research concerning methods of contraception have been achieved in recent years, however, more than 25% of couples worldwide still rely on condoms - a method with poor efficacy. Even though there is a spectrum of 11 different contraceptive methods for women, there are only 4 commonly used by men (condoms, periodic abstinence, withdrawal and vasectomy). In this review, advances and present, state-of-the-art, both hormonal and non-hormonal male contraceptive methods will be presented and evaluated...
2018: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704897/occurrence-of-anembryonic-pregnancy-with-use-of-levonorgestrel-subdermal-implant-jadelle%C3%A2-a-case-report
#2
Jude Moutchia-Suh, Dave-King Moutourou Mouemba, Calypse Asangbe Ngwasiri
BACKGROUND: Progestin-only subdermal implants are one of the most effective contraceptive methods. Anembryonic pregnancy is not reported as a possible outcome in cases of contraceptive failure of these products. We present a rare case of anembryonic pregnancy occurring in a woman with levonorgestrel-releasing implant (JADELLE®). CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Cameroonian (black African) housewife with a JADELLE® implant for 13 months, consulted at our hospital for a 1-month history of pelvic pain, prolonged menstrual bleeding, and spotting...
April 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702081/contraceptive-information-on-pregnancy-resource-center-websites-a-statewide-content-analysis
#3
Andrea Swartzendruber, Riley J Steiner, Anna Newton-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Most pregnancy resource centers (PRCs) in the U.S. are affiliated with national organizations that have policies against promoting or providing contraceptives, yet many provide information about contraception on their websites. In 2016, the state of Georgia passed a new law to publicly fund PRCs. This study sought to describe the contraceptive information on Georgia PRC websites. STUDY DESIGN: We systematically identified all accessible Georgia PRC websites April-June, 2016...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662283/intrauterine-copper-device-cut380a-as-a-contraceptive-method-in-the-indian-context-acceptability-safety-and-efficacy-depending-on-the-timing-of-insertion
#4
Purnima Gupta, Madhavi Mathur Gupta, Rachna Sharma
Background: Ideal time of Intrauterine copper device (IUCD) insertion either to space or limit births in Indian women should be known to check fertility effectively and safely. We therefore aimed to compare various IUCD related clinical factors to assess its acceptability, safety and efficacy in immediate postpartum vaginal insertion, intra-caesarean insertion, delayed postpartum insertion and interval insertion at a tertiary-care centre in India. Methods: It was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from July 2013 to July 2014...
April 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624927/strengthening-youth-friendly-health-services-through-expanding-method-choice-to-include-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-for-ethiopian-youth
#5
Fariyal F Fikree, Worknesh K Abshiro, Murtala M Mai, Kidest L Hagos, Mengistu Asnake
Despite robust evidence regarding long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) low failure rates, immediate return to fertility and safety, LARC uptake among youth is low. We evaluated the effect on contraceptive uptake of training youth-friendly service providers to counsel and provide all contraceptive methods including LARCs in the same unit. A convenience purposive sampling technique was used to select 20 youth friendly health units; ten each in Amhara and Tigray regions, Ethiopia; randomly allocated to the intervention (five) and non-intervention (five) arms...
September 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409847/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-contraception-options-over-1-year
#6
Brandon K Bellows, Casey R Tak, Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Eleanor B Schwarz
BACKGROUND: The copper intrauterine device is the most effective form of emergency contraception and can also provide long-term contraception. The levonorgestrel intrauterine device has also been studied in combination with oral levonorgestrel for women seeking emergency contraception. However, intrauterine devices have higher up-front costs than oral methods, such as ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel. Health care payers and decision makers (eg, health care insurers, government programs) with financial constraints must determine if the increased effectiveness of intrauterine device emergency contraception methods are worth the additional costs...
May 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287671/the-effects-of-preabortion-depressive-symptoms-on-postabortion-contraceptive-effectiveness-level-chosen-among-women-seeking-abortions
#7
Yassaman Vafai, Julia R Steinberg
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether preabortion depressive symptoms were associated with contraceptive method effectiveness level chosen among women seeking abortions. STUDY DESIGN: Three-hundred and forty-seven young, low-income women 18 years or older who were seeking abortions at 3 community reproductive health clinics in Northern California were recruited to participate in a study on contraceptive decision making. We classified women into choosing low-, moderate- or high-effectiveness contraceptive methods based on typical-use failure rates...
April 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284696/re-evaluating-the-possible-increased-risk-of-hiv-acquisition-with-progestin-only-injectables-versus-maternal-mortality-and-life-expectancy-in-africa-a-decision-analysis
#8
Maria Isabel Rodriguez, Mary E Gaffield, Leo Han, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: The association between increased risk of HIV acquisition and use of progestin-only injectables (POIs) is controversial. We sought to compare the competing risks of maternal mortality and HIV acquisition with use of POIs using updated data on this association and considering an expanded number of African countries. METHODS: We designed a decision-analytic model to compare the benefits and risks of POIs on the competing risks of maternal mortality and HIV acquisition on life expectancy for women in 9 African countries...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242175/developing-mhealth-messages-to-promote-postmenstrual-regulation-contraceptive-use-in-bangladesh-participatory-interview-study
#9
Elisabeth Eckersberger, Erin Pearson, Kathryn Andersen, Altaf Hossain, Katharine Footman, Kamal Kanti Biswas, Sadid Nuremowla, Kate Reiss
BACKGROUND: Abortions are restricted in Bangladesh, but menstrual regulation is an approved alternative, defined as a procedure of regulating the menstrual cycle when menstruation is absent for a short duration. Use of contraception after menstrual regulation can reduce subsequent unintended pregnancy, but in Bangladesh, the contraceptive method mix is dominated by short-term methods, which have higher discontinuation and failure rates. Mobile phones are a channel via which menstrual regulation clients could be offered contraceptive support after leaving the clinic...
December 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079143/anticipated-pain-as-a-predictor-of-discomfort-with-intrauterine-device-placement
#10
Blair Dina, Leah J Peipert, Qiuhong Zhao, Jeffrey F Peipert
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine devices have been gaining popularity for the past 2 decades. Current data report that >10% of women who use contraception are using an intrauterine device. With <1% failure rates, the intrauterine device is one of the most effective forms of long-acting reversible contraception, yet evidence shows that fear of pain during intrauterine device placement deters women from choosing an intrauterine device as their contraceptive method. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to estimate the association between anticipated pain with intrauterine device placement and experienced pain...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036770/emergency-contraception-oral-and-intrauterine-options
#11
Kirsten I Black, Safeera Y Hussainy
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy where contraception has not been used, or there has been contraceptive misuse or failure. Australian women have three options for emergency contraception: two types of oral pills (levonorgestrel [LNG]-containing pill and ulipristal acetate [UPA]) and the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Both pills are available from pharmacies without prescription, whereas the copper IUD requires insertion by a trained provider. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the indications, efficacy and contraindications for use of the three emergency contraceptive methods available in Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017539/contraceptive-knowledge-perceptions-and-concerns-among-men-in-uganda
#12
Nityanjali Thummalachetty, Sanyukta Mathur, Margo Mullinax, Kelsea DeCosta, Neema Nakyanjo, Tom Lutalo, Heena Brahmbhatt, John S Santelli
BACKGROUND: Low contraceptive uptake and high unmet need for contraception remain significant issues in Uganda compared to neighboring countries such as Kenya, Ethiopia, and Rwanda. Although prior research on contraceptive uptake has indicated that male partners strongly influence women's decisions around contraceptive use, there is limited in-depth qualitative research on knowledge and concerns regarding modern contraceptive methods among Ugandan men. METHODS: Using in-depth interviews (N = 41), this qualitative study investigated major sources of knowledge about contraception and perceptions of contraceptive side effects among married Ugandan men...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882680/perfect-use-and-typical-use-pearl-index-of-a-contraceptive-mobile-app
#13
E Berglund Scherwitzl, O Lundberg, H Kopp Kallner, K Gemzell Danielsson, J Trussell, R Scherwitzl
OBJECTIVES: The Natural Cycles application is a fertility awareness-based contraceptive method that uses dates of menstruation and basal body temperature to inform couples whether protected intercourse is needed to prevent pregnancies. Our purpose with this study is to investigate the contraceptive efficacy of the mobile application by evaluating the perfect- and typical-use Pearl Index. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study, 22,785 users of the application logged a total of 18,548 woman-years of data into the application...
December 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863005/hiv-and-contraception
#14
Wing Kay Fok, Paul D Blumenthal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Contraception is a vital component of medical care for women with HIV or at high risk of acquiring HIV. Over the last several years, there has been emerging evidence regarding the safety and effectiveness of various contraceptive methods, ultimately leading to a revision in the WHO Medical Eligibility Criteria for contraceptive use. RECENT FINDINGS: Progestogen-only injectables may be associated with an increased risk of HIV acquisition and its use has been revised to category 2 from category 1...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709634/examining-the-role-of-the-pediatric-emergency-department-in-reducing-unintended-adolescent-pregnancy
#15
Michelle Solomon, Gia M Badolato, Lauren S Chernick, Maria E Trent, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: To determine pregnancy risk and receptiveness to emergency department (ED)-based pregnancy prevention interventions among adolescents accessing care in the ED. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey of adolescent females in a pediatric ED used to calculate the Pregnancy Risk Index, a validated measure estimating the annual risk of becoming pregnant based on recent sexual activity, contraceptive method(s), method-specific contraceptive failure rates, and interest in receipt of ED-based contraceptive services...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658565/current-controversies-with-oral-emergency-contraception
#16
REVIEW
S T Cameron, Hwr Li, K Gemzell-Danielsson
Emergency contraception (EC) is a method to be used in the case of unprotected sexual intercourse, failure of a regular contraceptive method, or after rape to try to prevent an unintended pregnancy. Oral EC remains surrounded by controversy, much due to myths and misconceptions among the public, policy makers and healthcare providers. This has resulted in restrictions on its availability in many parts of the world and restrictions on women's access to it. The aim of this article is to provide an evidence-based view on some of these common controversial issues surrounding oral EC in clinical practice...
June 28, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644339/committee-opinion-no-707-access-to-emergency-contraception
#17
(no author information available yet)
Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special populations...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644332/committee-opinion-no-707-summary-access-to-emergency-contraception
#18
(no author information available yet)
Emergency contraception refers to contraceptive methods used to prevent pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse, sexual assault, or contraceptive failure. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the first dedicated product for emergency contraception in 1998, numerous barriers to emergency contraception remain. The purpose of this Committee Opinion is to examine barriers to the use of emergency contraception, emphasize the importance of increasing access, and review new methods of emergency contraception and limitations in efficacy in special populations...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587619/contraceptive-practices-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-bangladesh-a-review-of-the-evidence
#19
REVIEW
Fauzia Akhter Huda, Yolande Robertson, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Laura Reichenbach, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a sevenfold increase in its contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) in less than forty years from 8% in 1975 to 62% in 2014. However, despite this progress, almost one-third of pregnancies are still unintended which may be attributed to unmet need for family planning and discontinuation and switching of methods after initiation of their use. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature review on contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in Bangladesh...
June 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432791/immediate-versus-delayed-postpartum-insertion-of-contraceptive-implant-for-contraception
#20
REVIEW
Jen Sothornwit, Yuthapong Werawatakul, Srinaree Kaewrudee, Pisake Lumbiganon, Malinee Laopaiboon
BACKGROUND: The spacing of pregnancies has a positive impact on maternal and newborn health. The progestin contraceptive implant, which is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception, has a well-established low failure rate that is compatible with tubal sterilization. The standard provision of contraceptive methods on the first postpartum visit may put some women at risk of unintended pregnancy, either due to loss to follow-up or having sexual intercourse prior to receiving contraception...
April 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
105659
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"