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Silvia priori

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425625/information-extraction-from-italian-medical-reports-an-ontology-driven-approach
#1
Natalia Viani, Cristiana Larizza, Valentina Tibollo, Carlo Napolitano, Silvia G Priori, Riccardo Bellazzi, Lucia Sacchi
OBJECTIVE: In this work, we propose an ontology-driven approach to identify events and their attributes from episodes of care included in medical reports written in Italian. For this language, shared resources for clinical information extraction are not easily accessible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The corpus considered in this work includes 5432 non-annotated medical reports belonging to patients with rare arrhythmias. To guide the information extraction process, we built a domain-specific ontology that includes the events and the attributes to be extracted, with related regular expressions...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409116/long-term-quality-of-life-after-esophagectomy-with-gastric-pull-up
#2
Silvia Mantoan, Francesco Cavallin, Eleonora Pinto, Luca M Saadeh, Rita Alfieri, Matteo Cagol, Maria C Bellissimo, Carlo Castoro, Marco Scarpa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data on long-term health-related quality of life (HRQL) after esophagectomy for cancer show contradictory results. The aim was to analyze long-term HRQL at 3 or more years after esophagectomy. METHODS: Survivors were identified among patients who had undergone esophagectomy during 2007-2013 using the local clinic database. Quality of life was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and OG25 questionnaires...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354781/suppression-of-arrhythmia-by-enhancing-mitochondrial-ca2-uptake-in-catecholaminergic-ventricular-tachycardia-models
#3
Maria K Schweitzer, Fabiola Wilting, Simon Sedej, Lisa Dreizehnter, Nathan J Dupper, Qinghai Tian, Alessandra Moretti, Ilaria My, Ohyun Kwon, Silvia G Priori, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Ursula Storch, Peter Lipp, Andreas Breit, Michael Mederos Y Schnitzler, Thomas Gudermann, Johann Schredelseker
Cardiovascular disease-related deaths frequently arise from arrhythmias, but treatment options are limited due to perilous side effects of commonly used antiarrhythmic drugs. Cardiac rhythmicity strongly depends on cardiomyocyte Ca2+ handling and prevalent cardiac diseases are causally associated with perturbations in intracellular Ca2+ handling. Therefore, intracellular Ca2+ transporters are lead candidate structures for novel and safer antiarrhythmic therapies. Mitochondria and mitochondrial Ca2+ transport proteins are important regulators of cardiac Ca2+ handling...
December 2017: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325976/profile-of-brugada-syndrome-patients-presenting-with-their-first-documented-arrhythmic-event-data-from-the-survey-on-arrhythmic-events-in-brugada-syndrome-sabrus
#4
Anat Milman, Antoine Andorin, Jean-Baptiste Gourraud, Pieter G Postema, Frederic Sacher, Philippe Mabo, Sung-Hwan Kim, Jimmy Jm Juang, Shingo Maeda, Yoshihide Takahashi, Tsukasa Kamakura, Takeshi Aiba, Giulio Conte, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Eran Leshem, Michael Rahkovich, Aviram Hochstadt, Yuka Mizusawa, Elena Arbelo, Zhengrong Huang, Isabelle Denjoy, Carla Giustetto, Yanushi D Wijeyeratne, Carlo Napolitano, Yoav Michowitz, Ramon Brugada, Ruben Casado-Arroyo, Jean Champagne, Leonardo Calo, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Silvia G Priori, Masahiko Takagi, Christian Veltmann, Pietro Delise, Domenico Corrado, Elijah R Behr, Fiorenzo Gaita, Gan-Xin Yan, Josep Brugada, Antoine Leenhardt, Arthur A M Wilde, Pedro Brugada, Kengo F Kusano, Kenzo Hirao, Gi-Byoung Nam, Vincent Probst, Bernard Belhassen
BACKGROUND: Detailed information on the profile of Brugada syndrome (BrS) patients presenting their first arrhythmic event (AE) after prophylactic implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is limited. OBJECTIVES: 1) To compare clinical, electrocardiographic, electrophysiologic and genetic profiles of patients who exhibited their first documented AE as aborted cardiac arrest (CA) (group A) with those in whom the AE was documented after prophylactic ICD implantation (group B); 2) To characterize group B patients' profile using the Class II indications for ICD implantation established by HRS/EHRA/APHRS Expert Consensus Statement in 2013...
January 8, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241489/hydroquinidine-prevents-life-threatening-arrhythmic-events-in-patients-with-short%C3%A2-qt%C3%A2-syndrome
#5
Andrea Mazzanti, Riccardo Maragna, Gaetano Vacanti, Anna Kostopoulou, Maira Marino, Nicola Monteforte, Raffaella Bloise, Katherine Underwood, Valentina Tibollo, Eleonora Pagan, Carlo Napolitano, Riccardo Bellazzi, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Silvia G Priori
BACKGROUND: Short QT syndrome (SQTS) is a rare and life-threatening arrhythmogenic syndrome characterized by abbreviated repolarization. Hydroquinidine (HQ) prolongs the QT interval in SQTS patients, although whether it reduces cardiac events is currently unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether long-term treatment with HQ reduces the occurrence of life-threatening arrhythmic events (LAE) (cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death) in SQTS patients. METHODS: In this cohort study on consecutive SQTS patients, 2 analyses were performed: 1) a matched-period analysis for the occurrence of LAE in 17 SQTS patients who received long-term HQ; and 2) a comparison of the annual incidence of LAE off- and on-HQ in 16 SQTS patients who survived a cardiac arrest...
December 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217704/arrhythmogenic-cardiomyopathy-pathophysiology-beyond-cardiac-myocytes
#6
EDITORIAL
Silvia G Priori, Demetrio J Santiago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197440/a-quality-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-in-dentistry-part-1-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Mohamed El-Rabbany, Silvia Li, Stephanie Bui, Jeffrey M Muir, Mohit Bhandari, Amir Azarpazhooh
OBJECTIVES: As the volume of publications in dentistry continues to increase, clinicians are becoming increasingly reliant on systematic reviews and meta-analyses as their primary source of evidence. With an increase in the dependence on dental metaanalyses, it is important to ensure that they are being conducted with as little bias as possible. The objective of this systematic review is to assess the quality of therapeutic meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on dental-related topics and to analyze how quality has changed over time...
December 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147923/anti-aminoacyl-trna-synthetase-related-myositis-and-dermatomyositis-clues-for-differential-diagnosis-on-muscle-biopsy
#8
Bruna Cerbelli, Annalinda Pisano, Serena Colafrancesco, Maria Gemma Pignataro, Marco Biffoni, Silvia Berni, Antonia De Luca, Valeria Riccieri, Roberta Priori, Guido Valesini, Giulia d'Amati, Carla Giordano
Anti-synthetase syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibodies toward amino acyl-tRNA synthetases (ARS), anti-Jo 1 being the most commonly detected. Muscle damage develops in up to 90% of ARS-positive patients, characterized by a necrotizing myositis restricted to the perifascicular region. This topographic distribution of muscle damage may lead to a misdiagnosis of dermatomyositis (DM) at muscle biopsy. We compared morphological, immunohistochemical, and histoenzymatic features of muscle from ARS-positive patients (n = 11) with those of DM (n = 7) providing clues for their differential diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048500/silvia-priori-md-phd
#9
Judith Ozkan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808866/activations-in-gray-and-white-matter-are-modulated-by-uni-manual-responses-during-within-and-inter-hemispheric-transfer-effects-of-response-hand-and-right-handedness
#10
Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Marcella Bellani, Asadur Chowdury, Silvia Savazzi, Cinzia Perlini, Veronica Marinelli, Giada Zoccatelli, Franco Alessandrini, Elisa Ciceri, Gianluca Rambaldelli, Mirella Ruggieri, A Carlo Altamura, Carlo A Marzi, Paolo Bambilla
Because the visual cortices are contra-laterally organized, inter-hemispheric transfer tasks have been used to behaviorally probe how information briefly presented to one hemisphere of the visual cortex is integrated with responses resulting from the ipsi- or contra-lateral motor cortex. By forcing rapid information exchange across diverse regions, these tasks robustly activate not only gray matter regions, but also white matter tracts. It is likely that the response hand itself (dominant or non-dominant) modulates gray and white matter activations during within and inter-hemispheric transfer...
August 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759457/genetic-causes-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-children-inherited-arrhythmogenic-diseases
#11
Gaetano Vacanti, Riccardo Maragna, Silvia G Priori, Andrea Mazzanti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this chapter we will discuss the most recent and relevant evidences published in the field of inherited arrhythmogenic disorders, focusing on the so called 'channelopathies' that are associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD) in children: long QT syndrome (LQTS), short QT syndrome (SQTS), Brugada syndrome (BrS), and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). RECENT FINDINGS: We will discuss the latest diagnostic criteria for channelopathies released by the European Society of Cardiology, the new data on BrS in children and the recent evidence supporting a genotype-specific therapy for LQTS type 3...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754097/lymphangioleiomyomatosis-multifocal-micronodular-pneumocyte-hyperplasia-and-sarcoidosis-more-pathological-findings-in-the-same-chest-ct-or-a-single-pathological-pathway
#12
Fabiano Di Marco, Giuseppina Palumbo, Silvia Terraneo, Gianluca Imeri, Elena Lesma, Nicola Sverzellati, Angela Peron, Lorenzo Gualandri, Maria Paola Canevini, Stefano Centanni
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hepatitis/primary biliary cirrhosis overlap syndrome, lymphangioleiomyomatosis/tuberous sclerosis complex (LAM-TSC), and sarcoidosis are three rare diseases. Here we present, to the best of our knowledge, the first description of a patient with the coexistence of these three diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old woman affected by LAM-TSC and primary biliary cirrosis/autoimmune hepatitis overlap syndrome. During her follow up a high resolution chest CT scan (HRTC) confirmed the presence of both multiple cysts and micronodular opacities consistent with multifocal micronodular pneumocytes hyperlasia (MMPH), and revealed multiple hilar-mediastinal symmetrical lymphadenopathies suggestive of sarcoidosis...
July 28, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750418/lower-hospital-volume-is-associated-with-higher-mortality-after-oesophageal-gastric-pancreatic-and-rectal-cancer-resection
#13
Ulrich Güller, Rene Warschkow, Christoph Jakob Ackermann, Bruno Schmied, Thomas Cerny, Silvia Ess
BACKGROUND: In various countries, the association of lower hospital volume and higher mortality after oesophageal, gastric, pancreatic and rectal cancer resection has been clearly demonstrated. However, scientific evidence regarding the volume-outcomes relationship for high-risk visceral surgical procedures in Switzerland is lacking. The a priori hypothesis of this retrospective population-based cohort study analysis was that low-volume hospitals in Switzerland have a higher rate of postoperative mortality after oesophageal, gastric, pancreatic and rectal cancer resection...
July 27, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659802/response-to-interleukin-1-inhibitors-in-140-italian-patients-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease-a-multicentre-retrospective-observational-study
#14
Serena Colafrancesco, Roberta Priori, Guido Valesini, Lorenza Argolini, Elena Baldissera, Elena Bartoloni, Daniele Cammelli, Giovanni Canestrari, Luca Cantarini, Elena Cavallaro, Giulio Cavalli, Lucia Cerrito, Paola Cipriani, Lorenzo Dagna, Ginevra De Marchi, Salvatore De Vita, Giacomo Emmi, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Micol Frassi, Mauro Galeazzi, Roberto Gerli, Roberto Giacomelli, Elisa Gremese, Florenzo Iannone, Giovanni Lapadula, Giuseppe Lopalco, Raffaele Manna, Alessandro Mathieu, Carlomaurizio Montecucco, Marta Mosca, Ilaria Piazza, Matteo Piga, Irene Pontikaki, Micol Romano, Silvia Rossi, Maurizio Rossini, Piero Ruscitti, Elena Silvestri, Chiara Stagnaro, Rosaria Talarico, Angela Tincani, Ombretta Viapiana, Gianfranco Vitiello, Francesca Fabris, Sara Bindoli, Leonardo Punzi, Paola Galozzi, Paolo Sfriso
Background: Interleukin (IL)-1 plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD). Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anakinra (ANA) and canakinumab (CAN) in a large group of AOSD patients. Methods: Data on clinical, serological features, and concomitant treatments were retrospectively collected at baseline and after 3, 6, and 12 months from AOSD patients (Yamaguchi criteria) referred by 18 Italian centers. Pouchot's score was used to evaluate disease severity. Results: One hundred forty patients were treated with ANA; 4 were subsequently switched to CAN after ANA failure...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620067/allele-specific-silencing-of-mutant-mrna-rescues-ultrastructural-and-arrhythmic-phenotype-in-mice-carriers-of-the-r4496c-mutation-in-the-ryanodine-receptor-gene-ryr2
#15
Rossana Bongianino, Marco Denegri, Andrea Mazzanti, Francesco Lodola, Alessandra Vollero, Simona Boncompagni, Silvia Fasciano, Giulia Rizzo, Damiano Mangione, Serena Barbaro, Alessia Di Fonso, Carlo Napolitano, Alberto Auricchio, Feliciano Protasi, Silvia G Priori
RATIONALE: Mutations in the cardiac Ryanodine Receptor gene (RYR2) cause dominant catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a leading cause of sudden death in apparently healthy individuals exposed to emotions or physical exercise. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the efficacy of allele-specific silencing by RNA interference to prevent CPVT phenotypic manifestations in our dominant CPVT mice model carriers of the heterozygous mutation R4496C in RYR2...
August 18, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602389/diagnosis-of-long-qt-syndrome-time-to-stand-up
#16
Andrea Mazzanti, Silvia G Priori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569435/the-new-kids-on-the-block-of-arrhythmogenic-disorders-short-qt-syndrome-and-early-repolarization
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Mazzanti, Katherine Underwood, Dmitriy Nevelev, Shanna Kofman, Silvia G Priori
Short QT syndrome (SQTS) is one of the rarest inheritable cardiac channelopathies, characterized by an accelerated cardiac repolarization, which is also the substrate for the development of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Up to this date, fewer than 200 SQTS cases have been reported in the literature worldwide. Patients with SQTS may experience a cardiac arrest as early as in the neonatal period or as late as 80 years old. The cumulative probability of experiencing a cardiac arrest by the fifth decade of life approaches 40%, highlighting the importance of early recognition and management...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516871/diagnosis-of-catastrophic-anti-phospholipid-syndrome-in-a-patient-tested-negative-for-conventional-tests
#18
Fabrizio Conti, Roberta Priori, Cristiano Alessandri, Roberta Misasi, Antonella Capozzi, Monica Pendolino, Simona Truglia, Silvia Frisenda, Maurizio Sorice, Guido Valesini
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a severe variant of APS, characterised by clinical evidence of multiple organ involvement developing over a very short period of time, histopathological evidence of multiple small vessel occlusions and laboratory confirmation of the presence of aPL (lupus anticoagulant and/or anticardiolipin antibodies and/or anti-Beta2-glcyoprotein I antibodies). Here we report a case of a 39-year-old woman patient who developed a CAPS which was negative to the conventional aPL but positive for aPL in thin layer chromatography immunostaining and vimentin/cardiolipin antibodies by ELISA test...
July 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492868/efficacy-of-flecainide-in-the-treatment-of-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Prince J Kannankeril, Jeremy P Moore, Marina Cerrone, Silvia G Priori, Naomi J Kertesz, Pamela S Ro, Anjan S Batra, Elizabeth S Kaufman, David L Fairbrother, Elizabeth V Saarel, Susan P Etheridge, Ronald J Kanter, Michael P Carboni, Matthew V Dzurik, Darlene Fountain, Heidi Chen, E Wesley Ely, Dan M Roden, Bjorn C Knollmann
Importance: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a potentially lethal genetic arrhythmia syndrome characterized by polymorphic ventricular tachycardia with physical or emotional stress, for which current therapy with β-blockers is incompletely effective. Flecainide acetate directly suppresses sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release-the cellular mechanism responsible for triggering ventricular arrhythmias in CPVT-but has never been assessed prospectively. Objective: To determine whether flecainide dosed to therapeutic levels and added to β-blocker therapy is superior to β-blocker therapy alone for the prevention of exercise-induced arrhythmias in CPVT...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266935/genetic-causes-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-the-young
#20
Andrea Mazzanti, Riccardo Maragna, Silvia G Priori
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we discuss the most recent and relevant studies published in the field of inherited arrhythmogenic disorders, focusing in particular on channelopathies (Long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia) and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). RECENT FINDINGS: We discuss the updated diagnostic criteria for channelopathies released by the European Society of Cardiology, the new results on the value of programmed electrical stimulation in patients with Brugada syndrome, and the recent evidences supporting a genotype-specific therapy for Long QT syndrome type 3...
March 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
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