keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

profile speech

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914374/the-effects-of-exposure-and-training-on-the-perception-of-time-compressed-speech-in-native-versus-nonnative-listeners
#1
Karen Banai, Yizhar Lavner
The present study investigated the effects of language experience on the perceptual learning induced by either brief exposure to or more intensive training with time-compressed speech. Native (n = 30) and nonnative (n = 30) listeners were each divided to three groups with different experiences with time-compressed speech: A trained group who trained on the semantic verification of time-compressed sentences for three sessions, an exposure group briefly exposed to 20 time-compressed sentences, and a group of naive listeners...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895549/the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-for-hearing-impaired-individuals-rbans-h-before-and-after-cochlear-implantation-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#2
Annes J Claes, Griet Mertens, Annick Gilles, Anouk Hofkens-Van den Brandt, Erik Fransen, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning
Background: Currently, an independent relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults is suggested by large prospective studies. In general, cochlear implants improve hearing and the quality of life in severely to profoundly hearing impaired older persons. However, little is known about the effects of cochlear implantation on the cognitive evolution in this population. Aim of the study: The primary goal of this prospective, longitudinal cohort study is to explore the cognitive profile of severely to profoundly postlingually hearing impaired subjects before and after cochlear implantation...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868264/profiles-of-children-with-down-syndrome-who-meet-screening-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-comparison-with-children-diagnosed-with-asd-attending-specialist-schools
#3
G Warner, P Howlin, E Salomone, J Moss, T Charman
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that around 16% to 18% of children with Down syndrome (DS) also meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are indications that profiles of autism symptoms in this group may vary from those typically described in children with ASD. METHOD: Rates of autism symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems among children with DS who screened positive for ASD on the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) (n = 183) were compared with a group of children with clinical diagnoses of ASD (n = 189) attending specialist schools in the UK...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858146/associations-between-the-probabilities-of-frequency-specific-hearing-loss-and-unaided-aphab-scores
#4
J Löhler, B Wollenberg, P Schlattmann, N Hoang, R Schönweiler
The Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire reports subjective hearing impairments in four typical conditions. We investigated the association between the frequency-specific probability of hearing loss and scores from the unaided APHAB (APHABu) to determine whether the APHABu could be useful in primary diagnoses of hearing loss, in addition to pure tone and speech audiometry. This retrospective study included database records from 6558 patients (average age 69.0 years). We employed a multivariate generalised linear mixed model to analyse the probabilities of hearing losses (severity range 20-75 dB, evaluated in 5-dB steps), measured at different frequencies (0...
November 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854461/the-development-of-spontaneous-sound-shape-matching-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-infants-during-the-first-year
#5
Jovana Pejovic, Monika Molnar
Recently it has been proposed that sensitivity to nonarbitrary relationships between speech sounds and objects potentially bootstraps lexical acquisition. However, it is currently unclear whether preverbal infants (e.g., before 6 months of age) with different linguistic profiles are sensitive to such nonarbitrary relationships. Here, the authors assessed 4- and 12-month-old Basque monolingual and Spanish-Basque bilingual infants' sensitivity to cross-modal correspondences between sound symbolic nonwords without syllable repetition (buba, kike) and drawings of rounded and angular shapes...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852336/underlying-manifestations-of-developmental-phonological-disorders-in-french-speaking-pre-schoolers
#6
Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Susan Rvachew
This study examined the psycholinguistic profiles of Quebec French-speaking children with developmental phonological disorders (DPD). The purpose was to determine whether the endophenotypes that have been identified in English-speaking children with DPD are similarly associated with speech impairment in French-speaking children. Seventy-two children with DPD and ten children with normally developing speech, aged four to six years, received a comprehensive assessment battery that included measures at the phenotype level (i...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846038/comparison-of-speech-in-noise-and-localization-benefits-in-unilateral-hearing-loss-subjects-using-contralateral-routing-of-signal-hearing-aids-or-bone-anchored-implants
#7
Hillary A Snapp, Fred D Holt, Xuezhong Liu, Suhrud M Rajguru
OBJECTIVE: To compare the benefit of wireless contralateral routing of signal (CROS) technology to bone-anchored implant (BAI) technology in monaural listeners. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, single-subject. SETTING: Tertiary academic referral center. PATIENTS: Adult English speaking subjects using either a CROS hearing aid or BAI as treatment for unilateral severe-profound hearing loss. INTERVENTIONS: Aided performance utilizing the subjects BAI or CROS hearing device...
November 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837215/-objective-measures-for-setting-the-processors-of-cochlear-implant-systems-use-of-discrimination-functions-and-consideration-of-electrode-profiles
#8
S Hoth, I Herisanu, M Praetorius
BACKGROUND: When setting the electrical stimulation level of cochlear implants during individual adjustment of the speech processor, especially in children, objective measures such as intracochlearly measured electrically evoked compound action potentials (eCAP) and intraoperative observation of electrically elicited stapedial reflexes (eSR) are indispensable. The benefit of these objective measures is based on the correlation between the derived response thresholds and psychometric data...
December 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818073/vocal-range-in-the-speech-of-users-of-low-dose-oral-contraceptives
#9
Eliséa Maria Meurer, Andressa Dias Moura, Leila Rechenberg, Helena von Eye Corleta, Edison Capp
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the vocal range of oral contraceptive (OC) users aged between 20 and 30 years. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Forty-eight women aged 20-30 years who used low-dose OCs and 24 age-matched women who did not use oral monophasic contraceptives (w/oOC) were enrolled. Acoustic analysis was performed using the Motor Speech Profile program, Model 4341 (Kay Elemetrics Corp). Data were analyzed using generalized estimating equation...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818061/young-children-who-screen-positive-for-autism-stability-change-and-comorbidity-over-two-years
#10
Anne-Katrin Kantzer, Elisabeth Fernell, Joakim Westerlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Carmela Miniscalco
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a wide variety of clinical phenotypes and co-occurrences with other neurodevelopmental conditions. Symptoms may change over time. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to prospectively follow 96 children, initially assessed for suspected ASD at an average age of 2.9 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All children had been identified with autistic symptoms in a general population child health screening program, and had been referred to the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden for further assessment by a multi-professional team at Time 1 (T1)...
November 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815547/a-profiling-system-for-the-assessment-of-individual-needs-for-rehabilitation-with-hearing-aids
#11
Wouter A Dreschler, I de Ronde-Brons
This study focuses on the development of a profiling system to specify the needs of hearing-aid candidates. As a basis for the profile of compensation needs, we used a slightly modified version of the Amsterdam Inventory of Disability and Handicap, combined with the well-known Client-Oriented Scale of Improvement (COSI). The first questionnaire results in scores for six audiological dimensions: detection, speech in quiet, speech in noise, localization, focus or discrimination, and noise tolerance. The goal of this study was to determine whether the six dimensions derived from the disability questionnaire are appropriate to also categorize individual COSI targets...
November 4, 2016: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812672/association-between-the-adherence-to-voice-therapy-and-voice-activity-profile-in-patients-with-behavioral-dysphony
#12
Thales Roges Vanderlei de Góes, Cristiane Cunha Soderini Ferracciu, Deise Renata Oliveira da Silva
Purpose: To analyze the association between adherence to voice therapy and voice activity profile in patients with behavioral dysphonia and possible associated factors. Methods: The study included eighteen individuals with behavioral dysphonia who were on regular treatment at the institution Hearing and Speech Therapy Service. The participants of this study responded to the Voice Activity and Participation Profile Protocol (VAPP) and URICA-VOICE scale. The associated variables (number of sessions, age, type of behavioral dysphonia, gender and previous speech therapy) were collected through interviews with patients and analysis of their medical records...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785593/communication-deficits-and-the-motor-system-exploring-patterns-of-associations-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#13
M Mody, A M Shui, L A Nowinski, S B Golas, C Ferrone, J A O'Rourke, C J McDougle
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have notable difficulties in motor, speech and language domains. The connection between motor skills (oral-motor, manual-motor) and speech and language deficits reported in other developmental disorders raises important questions about a potential relationship between motor skills and speech-language deficits in ASD. To this end, we examined data from children with ASD (n = 1781), 2-17 years of age, enrolled in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN) registry who completed a multidisciplinary evaluation that included diagnostic, physical, cognitive and behavioral assessments as part of a routine standard of care protocol...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761412/plasma-amino-acid-and-urine-organic-acid-profiles-of-filipino-patients-with-maple-syrup-urine-disease-msud-and-correlation-with-their-neurologic-features
#14
Mary Anne D Chiong, Marilyn A Tan, Cynthia P Cordero, Esphie Grace D Fodra, Judy S Manliguis, Cristine P Lopez, Leslie Michelle M Dalmacio
BACKGROUND: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is the most common inborn error of metabolism in the country. The cause of the neuropathology is still not well established although accumulation of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) and alteration in large neutral amino acids (LNAA) as well as energy deprivation are suggested. It is therefore the aim of this study to determine the plasma amino acid and urine organic acid profiles of patients with MSUD and correlate the findings with their neurologic features...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743882/effects-of-noise-on-speech-recognition-challenges-for-communication-by-service-members
#15
Colleen G Le Prell, Odile Clavier
Speech communication often takes place in noisy environments; this is an urgent issue for military personnel who must communicate in high-noise environments. The effects of noise on speech recognition vary significantly according to the sources of noise, the number and types of talkers, and the listener's hearing ability. In this review, speech communication is first described as it relates to current standards of hearing assessment for military and civilian populations. The next section categorizes types of noise (also called maskers) according to their temporal characteristics (steady or fluctuating) and perceptive effects (energetic or informational masking)...
October 12, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733813/three-year-experience-with-the-cochlear-baha-attract-implant-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Matthew R Farr, Ahmed Allam, Jaydip Ray
BACKGROUND: Bone conduction devices are widely used and indicated in cases of conductive, mixed or single sided deafness where conventional hearing aids are not indicated or tolerated. Percutaneous bone-conduction devices gave satisfactory hearing outcomes but were frequently complicated by soft tissue reactions. Transcutaneous bone conduction devices were developed in order to address some of the issues related to the skin-penetrating abutment. The aim of this article is to present a systematic review of the indications, surgical technique and audiological, clinical and functional outcomes of the BAHA Attract device reported so far...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725686/impaired-socio-emotional-processing-in-a-developmental-music-disorder
#17
César F Lima, Olivia Brancatisano, Amy Fancourt, Daniel Müllensiefen, Sophie K Scott, Jason D Warren, Lauren Stewart
Some individuals show a congenital deficit for music processing despite normal peripheral auditory processing, cognitive functioning, and music exposure. This condition, termed congenital amusia, is typically approached regarding its profile of musical and pitch difficulties. Here, we examine whether amusia also affects socio-emotional processing, probing auditory and visual domains. Thirteen adults with amusia and 11 controls completed two experiments. In Experiment 1, participants judged emotions in emotional speech prosody, nonverbal vocalizations (e...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719859/functional-voice-disorders-clinical-presentations-and-differential-diagnosis
#18
J Baker
In this chapter, an overview of the heterogeneous group of functional voice disorders is given, including the psychogenic voice disorder (PVD) and hyperfunctional or muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD) subgroups. Reference is made to prevalence and demographic data, with empiric evidence for psychosocial factors commonly associated with the onset and maintenance of these disorders. Clinical features that distinguish between the different presentations of PVD and MTVD are described. While there are some shared characteristics, key differences between these two subgroups indicate that PVD more closely resembles the psychogenic movement disorders and a range of other functional neurologic disorders...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704407/subthalamic-nucleus-stimulation-effects-on-single-and-combined-task-performance-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-pet-study
#19
Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Audrey Maillet, Didier LeBars, Franck Lavenne, Jérôme Redouté, Alexandre Krainik, Pierre Pollak, Stéphane Thobois, Serge Pinto
Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) represents one of the most efficacious treatments for Parkinson's disease, along with L-dopa therapy. The objective of the present work was to identify the cerebral networks associated with hand movement and speech production tasks performed alone and simultaneously, as well as the effects of STN-DBS on these profiles. Clinical, behavioral, and neuroimaging (oxygen 15-labeled water and Positron Emission Tomography) investigations were used to study single and combined performances of unilateral hand movements and speech production in 11 unmedicated individuals with PD, both off and on STN-DBS...
October 4, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701903/responses-made-by-late-talkers-and-typically-developing-toddlers-during-speech-assessments
#20
Rosemary Hodges, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Karla K Mcgregor
PURPOSE: Assessing toddlers' speech is challenging. We explored responses made by late talkers and their typically developing peers in structured speech sampling contexts and determined if late talker subgroups could be identified. METHOD: Twenty-six late talkers and 26 age-matched typically developing toddlers participated in an expressive phonology assessment and an elicited non-word imitation test. We quantified the breadth of toddler responses used in a subset of monosyllabic stimuli from the toddler phonology assessment and in the non-word imitation test...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
keyword
keyword
105649
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"