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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418324/prosody-perception-and-production-in-children-with-hearing-loss-and-age-and-gender-matched-controls
#1
Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren, Suzanne C Purdy, Elaine Ballard
BACKGROUND: Auditory development in children with hearing loss, including the perception of prosody, depends on having adequate input from cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Lack of adequate auditory stimulation can lead to delayed speech and language development. Nevertheless, prosody perception and production in people with hearing loss have received less attention than other aspects of language. The perception of auditory information conveyed through prosody using variations in the pitch, amplitude, and duration of speech is not usually evaluated clinically...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412598/effect-of-two-isolated-vocal-facilitating-techniques-glottal-fry-and-yawn-sigh-on-the-phonation-of-female-speech-language-pathology-students-a-pilot-study
#2
I Meerschman, E D'haeseleer, T Catry, B Ruigrok, S Claeys, K Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two isolated vocal facilitating techniques, glottal fry and yawn-sigh, on the phonation of vocally healthy female speech-language pathology (SLP) students. STUDY DESIGN: A multigroup pretest-posttest design was used. METHODS: A group of thirty-six healthy female SLP students with a mean age of 18.1 years were assigned into three groups: a glottal fry group (practicing the facilitating technique glottal fry across 18 weeks, n=12), a yawn-sigh group (practicing the facilitating technique yawn-sigh across 18 weeks, n=12) and a control group (receiving no facilitating techniques, n=12)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407310/totally-implantable-hearing-system-five-year-hearing-results
#3
Jack A Shohet, Eric M Kraus, Peter J Catalano, Elizabeth Toh
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: 1) To provide long-term hearing outcome measures of a totally implantable hearing system (implant) and compare to the baseline unaided (BLU) and baseline aided (BLA) conditions, and 2) discuss relevant safety measures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, single-subject-as-own-control design. METHODS: Fifty-one subjects with mild to severe sensorineural hearing loss were implanted between 2008 and 2009 and enrolled in this postmarket approval study in the setting of private and hospital-based practices...
April 13, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400265/convergence-of-semantics-and-emotional-expression-within-the-ifg-pars-orbitalis
#4
Michel Belyk, Steven Brown, Jessica Lim, Sonja A Kotz
Humans communicate through a combination of linguistic and emotional channels, including propositional speech, writing, sign language, music, but also prosodic, facial, and gestural expression. These channels can be interpreted separately or they can be integrated to multimodally convey complex meanings. Neural models of the perception of semantics and emotion include nodes for both functions in the inferior frontal gyrus pars orbitalis (IFGorb). However, it is not known whether this convergence involves a common functional zone or instead specialized subregions that process semantics and emotion separately...
April 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383990/revisiting-the-enigma-of-musicians-with-dyslexia-auditory-sequencing-and-speech-abilities
#5
Jennifer Zuk, Paula Bishop-Liebler, Ola Ozernov-Palchik, Emma Moore, Katie Overy, Graham Welch, Nadine Gaab
Previous research has suggested a link between musical training and auditory processing skills. Musicians have shown enhanced perception of auditory features critical to both music and speech, suggesting that this link extends beyond basic auditory processing. It remains unclear to what extent musicians who also have dyslexia show these specialized abilities, considering often-observed persistent deficits that coincide with reading impairments. The present study evaluated auditory sequencing and speech discrimination in 52 adults comprised of musicians with dyslexia, nonmusicians with dyslexia, and typical musicians...
April 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375939/audiological-results-in-ssd-with-an-active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant-at-a-retrosigmoidal-position
#6
Rolf Salcher, Denise Zimmermann, Thomas Giere, Thomas Lenarz, Hannes Maier
OBJECTIVE: One option for patients with single sided deafness (SSD) who experience problems with insufficient hearing in different surroundings is the treatment with percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aids. Common medical problems associated to a skin penetrating abutment can be avoided by active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implants. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the benefit of an active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant in patients with SSD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients suffering from SSD who are implanted with an active transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implant in retrosigmoidal position were audiologically analyzed...
April 3, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353522/effects-of-simulated-hearing-loss-on-bilingual-children-s-consonant-recognition-in-noise
#7
Kanae Nishi, Andrea C Trevino, Lydia Rosado Rogers, Paula García, Stephen T Neely
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the possible impact of simulated hearing loss on speech perception in Spanish-English bilingual children. To avoid confound between individual differences in hearing-loss configuration and linguistic experience, threshold-elevating noise simulating a mild-to-moderate sloping hearing loss was used with normal-hearing listeners. The hypotheses were that: (1) bilingual children can perform similarly to English-speaking monolingual peers in quiet; (2) for both bilingual and monolingual children, noise and simulated hearing loss would have detrimental impacts consistent with their acoustic characteristics (i...
March 28, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334963/three-and-four-dimensional-mapping-of-speech-and-language-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#8
Yasuo Nakai, Jeong-Won Jeong, Erik C Brown, Robert Rothermel, Katsuaki Kojima, Toshimune Kambara, Aashit Shah, Sandeep Mittal, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano
We have provided 3-D and 4D mapping of speech and language function based upon the results of direct cortical stimulation and event-related modulation of electrocorticography signals. Patients estimated to have right-hemispheric language dominance were excluded. Thus, 100 patients who underwent two-stage epilepsy surgery with chronic electrocorticography recording were studied. An older group consisted of 84 patients at least 10 years of age (7367 artefact-free non-epileptic electrodes), whereas a younger group included 16 children younger than age 10 (1438 electrodes)...
March 16, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333406/survey-of-neurodevelopmental-allied-health-teams-in-australian-and-new-zealand-neonatal-nurseries-staff-profile-and-standardised-neurobehavioural-neurological-assessment
#9
Leesa G Allinson, Lex W Doyle, Linda Denehy, Alicia J Spittle
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to establish how many neonatal nurseries in Australia and New Zealand had a neurodevelopmental allied health team, to ascertain the disciplines involved, their qualifications and experience. The secondary aim was to evaluate which standardised neurobehavioural/neurological assessments were currently being implemented, and the existing practice in relation to their use. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional survey, sampling 179 eligible public and private hospital neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and special care nurseries (SCNs) throughout Australia and New Zealand, was purpose-developed and administered electronically from the 5th April to 23rd July 2013...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328127/partial-tetrasomy-11q-resulting-from-an-intrachromosomal-triplication-of-a-22-mb-region-of-chromosome-11
#10
Mariana Kekis, Carol Deeg, Sayaka Hashimoto, Aimee McKinney, Linda Erdman, Cecelia Green-Geer, Christine Shuss, Scott Hickey, Caroline Astbury, Robert E Pyatt
Intrachromosomal triplications are complex chromosomal rearrangements which arise during meiosis or mitosis and lead to a tetrasomic dose of the affected genomic regions. We describe a female patient harboring an intrachromosomal triplication who presented to the Genetics clinic with dysmorphic features, including telecanthus, flat facial profile, and prognathism, short stature, widely spaced nipples, multiple allergy complaints, loose bowel movements, and mild speech delay. Microarray analysis showed a copy number gain of a 22...
April 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318193/-neuropsychiatric-phenotype-of-angelman-syndrome-and-clinical-care-report-of-seven-cases
#11
Juan E Cote-Orozco, Paola Del Rocío Mera-Solarte, Eugenia Espinosa-García
Angelman syndrome is a neurogenetic disorder caused by a lack or reduction of expression of UBE3A located within chromosome 15, which codes for ubiquitin protein ligase E3A, which has a key role in synaptic development and neural plasticity. Its main features are developmental delay/intellectual disability, lack of speech, a characteristic behavioural profile, and epilepsy. We describe clinical features and management of seven cases with 15q11-13 deletion. Due to their life expectancy, knowing and managing its comorbidities is crucial to improve their quality of life...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300956/hearing-and-speech-sciences-in-educational-environment-mapping-in-brazil-education-work-and-professional-experience
#12
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Graziela Zanoni, Bianca Queiroga, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose: To map the profile of Brazilian Speech Therapists who report acting in Educational Speech Therapy, with regard to aspects related to training, performance and professional experience. Methods: Retrospective study, based on secondary database analysis of the Federal Council of Hearing and Speech Sciences on the questionnaires reporting acting with Educational Environment. Results: 312 questionnaires were completed, of which 93.3% by women aged 30-39 years...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289749/motor-speech-phenotypes-of-frontotemporal-dementia-primary-progressive-aphasia-and-progressive-apraxia-of-speech
#13
Matthew L Poole, Amy Brodtmann, David Darby, Adam P Vogel
Purpose: Our purpose was to create a comprehensive review of speech impairment in frontotemporal dementia (FTD), primary progressive aphasia (PPA), and progressive apraxia of speech in order to identify the most effective measures for diagnosis and monitoring, and to elucidate associations between speech and neuroimaging. Method: Speech and neuroimaging data described in studies of FTD and PPA were systematically reviewed. A meta-analysis was conducted for speech measures that were used consistently in multiple studies...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272743/functional-outcomes-in-children-and-young-people-with-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy
#14
Elegast Monbaliu, Mary-Grace De La Peña, Els Ortibus, Guy Molenaers, Jan Deklerck, Hilde Feys
AIM: This cross-sectional study aimed to map the functional profile of individuals with dyskinetic cerebral palsy (CP), to determine interrelationships between the functional classification systems, and to investigate the relationship of functional abilities with dystonia and choreoathetosis severity. METHODS: Fifty-five children (<15y) and young people (15-22y) (30 males, 25 females; mean age 14y 6mo, standard deviation 4y 1mo) with dyskinetic CP were assessed using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), Communication Function Classification System (CFCS), Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), and Viking Speech Scale (VSS), as well as the Dyskinesia Impairment Scale...
March 8, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271322/patient-benefit-from-cochlear-implantation-in-single-sided-deafness-a-1-year-follow-up
#15
Julia Louza, John-Martin Hempel, Eike Krause, Alexander Berghaus, Joachim Müller, Thomas Braun
The objective of the study was to evaluate the quality of life and benefit in patients with single-side deafness before and 1 year after cochlear implantation. In a prospective observational study design, ten adult patients with single-sided deafness undergoing cochlear implantation were included. All patients had on the implantation side no speech discrimination with normal hearing aids. The contralateral side was normal or marginal hearing loss. For determining the subject benefit from cochlear implantation, each patient answered standardized questionnaires directly before implantation and 1 year after...
March 7, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270784/auditory-and-non-auditory-contributions-for-unaided-speech-recognition-in-noise-as-a-function-of-hearing-aid-use
#16
Anja Gieseler, Maike A S Tahden, Christiane M Thiel, Kirsten C Wagener, Markus Meis, Hans Colonius
Differences in understanding speech in noise among hearing-impaired individuals cannot be explained entirely by hearing thresholds alone, suggesting the contribution of other factors beyond standard auditory ones as derived from the audiogram. This paper reports two analyses addressing individual differences in the explanation of unaided speech-in-noise performance among n = 438 elderly hearing-impaired listeners (mean = 71.1 ± 5.8 years). The main analysis was designed to identify clinically relevant auditory and non-auditory measures for speech-in-noise prediction using auditory (audiogram, categorical loudness scaling) and cognitive tests (verbal-intelligence test, screening test of dementia), as well as questionnaires assessing various self-reported measures (health status, socio-economic status, and subjective hearing problems)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268636/neural-representation-of-different-mandarin-tones-in-the-inferior-colliculus-of-the-guinea-pig
#17
Fei Peng, Nan Xia, Xing Wang, Xiao L Zheng, Yi Zhou, Xing Y Fan, Wen S Hou
Mandarin speech has four different tones and the coding mechanism underlying tone identification still remain unclear. Here in the inferior colliculus (IC) of anesthetized guinea pigs, we recorded single neuron activities to one word with four tones using tungsten electrode. Peri-stimulus time histograms (PSTHs) and inter-spike-interval (ISI) were used to evaluate the neural response. The results showed that PSTHs grouped into frequency band reflected the spectrotemporal patterns of different tones; average population PSTHs matched envelops of different tones; and the peaks of histogram of ISIs in three time segments exhibited a displacement which reflected the profile of fundamental frequency (F0)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256107/peripheral-and-central-contribution-to-the-difficulty-of-speech-in-noise-perception-in-dyslexic-children
#18
Axelle Calcus, Paul Deltenre, Cécile Colin, Régine Kolinsky
Noise typically induces both peripheral and central masking of an auditory target. Whereas the idea that a deficit of speech in noise perception is inherent to dyslexia is still debated, most studies have actually focused on the peripheral contribution to the dyslexics' difficulties of perceiving speech in noise. Here, we investigated the respective contribution of both peripheral and central noise in three groups of children: dyslexic, chronological age matched controls (CA), and reading-level matched controls (RL)...
March 2, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254454/developmental-phonagnosia-linking-neural-mechanisms-with-the-behavioural-phenotype
#19
Claudia Roswandowitz, Stefanie Schelinski, Katharina von Kriegstein
Human voice recognition is critical for many aspects of social communication. Recently, a rare disorder, developmental phonagnosia, which describes the inability to recognise a speaker's voice, has been discovered. The underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. Here, we used two functional magnetic resonance imaging experiments to investigate brain function in two behaviourally well characterised phonagnosia cases, both 32 years old: AS has apperceptive and SP associative phonagnosia. We found distinct malfunctioned brain mechanisms in AS and SP matching their behavioural profiles...
February 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252160/the-effects-of-service-delivery-model-and-purchase-price-on-hearing-aid-outcomes-in-older-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Larry E Humes, Sara E Rogers, Tera M Quigley, Anna K Main, Dana L Kinney, Christine Herring
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine efficacy of hearing aids in older adults using audiology best practices, to evaluate the efficacy of an alternative over-the-counter (OTC) intervention, and to examine the influence of purchase price on outcomes for both service-delivery models. Design: The design of this study was a single-site, prospective, double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial with three parallel branches: (a) audiology best practices (AB), (b) consumer decides OTC model (CD), and (c) placebo devices (P)...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
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