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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935208/vocal-aspects-of-brazilian-evangelical-pastors
#1
REVIEW
Perla do Nascimento Martins, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
PURPOSE: Investigate the vocal and laryngopharyngeal symptoms, vocal quality, Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP), and vocal acoustic and auditory-perceptual characteristics from evangelical pastors comparing with the same aspects of nonprofessional voice men. METHOD: Sixty professionally active male subjects were divided into two groups: 30 pastors and 30 nonprofessional voice men, with ages between 24 and 59 years old. Participants answered the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) questionnaire and the VAPP, as well as an auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the voice...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929424/aphasia-as-a-predictor-of-stroke-outcome
#2
REVIEW
Ronald M Lazar, Amelia K Boehme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aphasia is a common feature of stroke, affecting 21-38% of acute stroke patients and an estimated 1 million stroke survivors. Although stroke, as a syndrome, is the leading cause of disability in the USA, less is known about the independent impact of aphasia on stroke outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: During the acute stroke period, aphasia has been found to increase length of stay, inpatient complications, overall neurological disability, mortality, and to alter discharge disposition...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915782/voicing-assimilation-in-czech-and-slovak-speakers-of-english-interactions-of-segmental-context-language-and-strength-of-foreign-accent
#3
Radek Skarnitzl, Pavel Šturm
This study focuses on voicing assimilation across word boundaries in the speech of second language (L2) users. We compare native speakers of British English to speakers of two West Slavic languages, Czech and Slovak, which, despite their many similarities, differ with respect to voicing assimilation rules. Word-final voicing was analysed in 30 speakers, using the static value of voicing percentage and the voicing profile method. The results of linear mixed-effects modelling suggest an effect of first language (L1) transfer in all L2 English speaker groups, with the tendency to assimilate being correlated with the strength of foreign accent...
September 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898887/angelman-syndrome-due-to-a-maternally-inherited-intragenic-deletion-encompassing-exons-7-and-8-of-the-ube3a-gene
#4
Athina Ververi, Lily Islam, Beverley Bewes, Louise Busby, Caroline Sullivan, Natalie Canham
Angelman syndrome (AS) is characterised by developmental delay, lack of speech, seizures, a characteristic behavioural profile with a happy demeanour, microcephaly, and ataxia. More than two-thirds of cases are due to an approximately 5-Mb interstitial deletion of the imprinted region 15q11.2q13, which is usually de novo. The rest are associated with point mutations in the UBE3A gene, imprinting defects, and paternal uniparental disomy. Small intragenic UBE3A deletions have rarely been described. They are usually maternally inherited, increasing the recurrence risk to 50%, and may be missed by conventional testing (methylation studies and UBE3A gene sequencing)...
September 13, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894942/first-steps-towards-development-of-an-instrument-for-the-reproducible-quantification-of-oropharyngeal-swallow-physiology-in-bottle-fed-children
#5
Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Katlyn Elizabeth McGrattan, Kathryn A Carson, Jeanne M Pinto, Jennifer M Wright, Bonnie Martin-Harris
The incidence of feeding/swallowing impairments (deglutition disorders) in young children is rising and poses serious acute and long-term health consequences. Accurate detection and prompt intervention can lessen the impact of dysphagia-induced sequelae. Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies (VFSSs) are used to make critical decisions for medically fragile children despite procedural variability and the lack of agreed upon measures for interpreting and reporting results. This investigation represents the first steps in the development of a novel tool for the quantification of oropharyngeal swallow physiology from full-length VFSS examinations in bottle-fed children...
September 11, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879705/guillain-barre-syndrome-induced-by-heat-stroke-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Huijun Wen
BACKGROUND: Heat stroke is a potentially fatal condition that is caused by elevated core temperature. GuillainBarre syndrome (GBS) induced by heat stroke is extremely rare, and its manifestation with damage to multiple cranial nerves has not been described. METHODS: We describe a rare case of GBS induced by heat stroke with damage to multiple cranial and peripheral nerves. The clinical, radiological, and electrophysiological profiles were presented and analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872813/development-and-validation-of-the-child-oral-health-impact-profile-preschool-version
#7
R R Ruff, L Sischo, C H Chinn, H L Broder
OBJECTIVE: The Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) is a validated instrument created to measure the oral health-related quality of life of school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a preschool version of the COHIP (COHIP-PS) for children aged 2-5. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: The COHIP-PS was developed and validated using a multi-stage process consisting of item selection, face validity testing, item impact testing, reliability and validity testing, and factor analysis...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859906/a-systematic-linguistic-profile-of-spontaneous-narrative-speech-in-pre-symptomatic-and-early-stage-huntington-s-disease
#8
Wolfram Hinzen, Joana Rosselló, Cati Morey, Estela Camara, Clara Garcia-Gorro, Raymond Salvador, Ruth de Diego-Balaguer
Cognitive decline accompanying the clinically more salient motor symptoms of Huntington's disease (HD) has been widely noted and can precede motor symptoms onset. Less clear is how such decline bears on language functions in everyday life, though a small number of experimental studies have revealed difficulties with the application of rule-based aspects of language in early stages of the disease. Here we aimed to determine whether there is a systematic linguistic profile that characterizes spontaneous narrative speech in both pre-manifest and/or early manifest HD, and how it is related to striatal degeneration and neuropsychological profiles...
August 9, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851771/initial-protocol-for-a-national-evaluation-of-an-area-based-intervention-programme-a-better-start-on-early-life-outcomes-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-with-comparison-control-cohort-samples
#9
Jane Barlow, Sarah Beake, Debra Bick, Caroline Bryson, Laurie Day, Nicholas Gilby, Vivette Glover, Sarah Knibbs, Alastair Leyland, Geoff Lindsay, Sandra Mathers, Katharine McKenna, Stavros Petrou, Susan Purdon, Kathy Sylva, Carolyn D Summerbell, Fiona Tudor, Amy Wheeler, Virginia Woolgar
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the first few years of a child's life are important windows of opportunity in which to equalise life chances. A Better Start (ABS) is an area-based intervention being delivered in five areas of socioeconomic disadvantage across England. This protocol describes an evaluation of the impact and cost-effectiveness of ABS. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The evaluation of ABS comprises a mixed-methods design including impact, cost-effectiveness and process components...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843341/artificial-grammar-learning-in-vascular-and-progressive-non-fluent-aphasias
#10
Thomas E Cope, Benjamin Wilson, Holly Robson, Rebecca Drinkall, Lauren Dean, Manon Grube, P Simon Jones, Karalyn Patterson, Timothy D Griffiths, James B Rowe, Christopher I Petkov
Patients with non-fluent aphasias display impairments of expressive and receptive grammar. This has been attributed to deficits in processing configurational and hierarchical sequencing relationships. This hypothesis had not been formally tested. It was also controversial whether impairments are specific to language, or reflect domain general deficits in processing structured auditory sequences. Here we used an artificial grammar learning paradigm to compare the abilities of controls to participants with agrammatic aphasia of two different aetiologies: stroke and frontotemporal dementia...
August 24, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837727/short-term-effect-of-two-semi-occluded-vocal-tract-training-programs-on-the-vocal-quality-of-future-occupational-voice-users-resonant-voice-training-using-nasal-consonants-versus-straw-phonation
#11
Iris Meerschman, Kristiane Van Lierde, Karen Peeters, Eline Meersman, Sofie Claeys, Evelien D'haeseleer
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term effect of 2 semi-occluded vocal tract training programs, "resonant voice training using nasal consonants" versus "straw phonation," on the vocal quality of vocally healthy future occupational voice users. Method: A multigroup pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. Thirty healthy speech-language pathology students with a mean age of 19 years (range: 17-22 years) were randomly assigned into a resonant voice training group (practicing resonant exercises across 6 weeks, n = 10), a straw phonation group (practicing straw phonation across 6 weeks, n = 10), or a control group (receiving no voice training, n = 10)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835863/clozapine-induced-microseizures-orofacial-dyskinesia-and-speech-dysfluency-in-an-adolescent-with-treatment-resistant-early-onset-schizophrenia-on-concurrent-lithium-therapy
#12
Vivekananda Rachamallu, Ayman Haq, Michael M Song, Manish Aligeti
Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic used in the treatment of refractory schizophrenia. It has a well-known side effect profile, including agranulocytosis, decreased seizure threshold, and tardive dyskinesia. In addition, numerous case reports have described clozapine-induced stuttering in adults. However, there has been only one previous case report describing it in the adolescent population. In addition, concurrent lithium therapy has been shown to enhance the neurotoxic effects of antipsychotics and lower the seizure threshold...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829840/tone-perception-in-mandarin-speaking-school-age-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion
#13
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVES: The present study explored tone perception ability in school age Mandarin-speaking children with otitis media with effusion (OME) in noisy listening environments. The study investigated the interaction effects of noise, tone type, age, and hearing status on monaural tone perception, and assessed the application of a hierarchical clustering algorithm for profiling hearing impairment in children with OME. METHODS: Forty-one children with normal hearing and normal middle ear status and 84 children with OME with or without hearing loss participated in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828866/facilitating-pragmatic-skills-through-role-play-in-learners-with-language-learning-disability
#14
Fareeaa Abdoola, Penelope S Flack, Saira B Karrim
BACKGROUND: Role-based learning involves the process whereby learners acquire skills, knowledge and understanding through the assumption of roles within real-life settings. Role-play holds potential as an effective learning strategy for children; however, there is limited research on the use of role-play as a therapy method within the field of speech-language pathology. Children with language learning disability (LLD) typically present with difficulties in social communication, which can negatively affect their social and academic achievement...
July 26, 2017: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815583/educational-and-rehabilitation-service-utilization-in-adolescents-born-preterm-or-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-and-at-high-risk-for-disability
#15
Annette Majnemer, Noemi Dahan-Oliel, Charles Rohlicek, Sean Hatzigeorgiou, Barbara Mazer, Desiree B Maltais, Norbert Schmitz
AIM: This historical cohort study describes the use of educational and rehabilitation services in adolescents born preterm or with a congenital heart defect (CHD). METHOD: Parents of 76 young people (mean age 15y 8mo [SD 1y 8mo]) with CHD and 125 born ≤29 weeks gestational age (mean age 16y [SD 2y 5mo]) completed a demographics questionnaire including educational and rehabilitation resource utilization within the previous 6 months. Rehabilitation services included occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech language pathology, psychology...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803710/intrathecal-2-hydroxypropyl-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-decreases-neurological-disease-progression-in-niemann-pick-disease-type-c1-a-non-randomised-open-label-phase-1-2-trial
#16
Daniel S Ory, Elizabeth A Ottinger, Nicole Yanjanin Farhat, Kelly A King, Xuntian Jiang, Lisa Weissfeld, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Cristin D Davidson, Simona Bianconi, Lee Ann Keener, Ravichandran Rao, Ariane Soldatos, Rohini Sidhu, Kimberly A Walters, Xin Xu, Audrey Thurm, Beth Solomon, William J Pavan, Bernardus N Machielse, Mark Kao, Steven A Silber, John C McKew, Carmen C Brewer, Charles H Vite, Steven U Walkley, Christopher P Austin, Forbes D Porter
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterised by progressive neurodegeneration. In preclinical testing, 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPβCD) significantly delayed cerebellar Purkinje cell loss, slowed progression of neurological manifestations, and increased lifespan in mouse and cat models of NPC1. The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of lumbar intrathecal HPβCD. METHODS: In this open-label, dose-escalation phase 1-2a study, we gave monthly intrathecal HPβCD to participants with NPC1 with neurological manifestation at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA...
August 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802387/sleep-quality-and-communication-aspects-in-children
#17
Camila de Castro Corrêa, Maria Renata José, Eduardo Carvalho Andrade, Mariza Ribeiro Feniman, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Giédre Berretin-Felix, Luciana Paula Maximino
OBJECTIVES: To correlate quality of life of children in terms of sleep, with their oral language skills, auditory processing and orofacial myofunctional aspects. METHODS: Nineteen children (12 males and seven females, in the mean age 9.26) undergoing otorhinolaryngological and speech evaluations participated in this study. The OSA-18 questionnaire was applied, followed by verbal and nonverbal sequential memory tests, dichotic digit test, nonverbal dichotic test and Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test, related to auditory processing...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802372/phonological-awareness-in-german-speaking-preschool-children-with-cochlear-implants-3-case-examples
#18
Bianka Wachtlin, Yvonne Turinsky, Frank Herrmann, Blanca Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore PA skills German-speaking preschool children with cochlea implants (CIs) and how these skills may be related to their speech and language skills. METHODS: Three monolingual German-speaking pre-school children aged 5;04-6;01 with bilateral CIs were tested. Their cognitive, speech and language skills were assessed. Six subtests of a standardized PA test battery were administered (i.e. rhyme identification, rhyme production; phoneme identification- input and -output; phoneme blending-input and -output)...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767196/two-unrelated-children-with-overlapping-6q25-3-deletions-motor-speech-disorders-and-language-delays
#19
Beate Peter, Hope Lancaster, Caitlin Vose, Amna Fares, Isabelle Schrauwen, Matthew Huentelman
Interstitial and terminal 6q25 deletions are associated with developmental delays, hypotonia, eye pathologies, craniofacial dysmorphologies, and structural brain anomalies. In most cases, speech and language deficits are not described in detail. We report on a case (Patient 1, age 7 years) with a de novo 6q25.3-qter deletion, 11.1 Mb long and encompassing 108 genes, and a case (Patient 2, age 5 years) with an inherited interstitial 6q25.3 deletion, located within Patient 1's deletion region and 403 kb long, the smallest 6q25 deletion reported to date...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746463/speech-fluency-profile-on-different-tasks-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Fabiola Staróbole Juste, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
Purpose: To characterize the speech fluency profile of patients with Parkinson's disease. Methods: Study participants were 40 individuals of both genders aged 40 to 80 years divided into 2 groups: Research Group - RG (20 individuals with diagnosis of Parkinson's disease) and Control Group - CG (20 individuals with no communication or neurological disorders). For all of the participants, three speech samples involving different tasks were collected: monologue, individual reading, and automatic speech...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
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