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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135872/the-role-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-the-context-of-cochlear-implant-provision
#1
Sebastian Hoth, Oliver Christian Dziemba
: Auditory evoked potentials (AEP) are highly demanded during the whole process of equipping patients with cochlear implants (CI). They play an essential role in preoperative diagnostics, intraoperative testing, and postoperative monitoring of auditory performance and success. The versatility of AEP's is essentially enhanced by their property to be evokable by acoustic as well as electric stimuli. Thus, the electric responses of the auditory system following acoustic stimulation and recorded by the conventional surface technique as well as by transtympanic derivation from the promontory (Electrocochleography [ECochG]) are used for the quantitative determination of hearing loss and, additionally, electrically evoked compound actions potentials (ECAP) can be recorded with the intracochlear electrodes of the implant just adjacent to the stimulation electrode to check the functional integrity of the device and its coupling to the auditory system...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130442/outcomes-of-hearing-aid-use-by-individuals-with-unilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-usnhl
#2
Charles E Bishop, Elgenaid Hamadain, Jason A Galster, Mary Frances Johnson, Christopher Spankovich, Ian Windmill
BACKGROUND: Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL) can have a negative impact on functions associated with the advantages of balanced, binaural hearing. Although single-sided deafness, which is a complete loss of audibility in one ear, has gained increased interest in the published research, there is a gap in the literature concerning hearing aid outcomes for individuals with residual, or otherwise "aidable," hearing in the affected ear. PURPOSE: To assess hearing aid outcomes for a group of individuals with USNHL with residual, aidable function...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119652/the-novel-language-systematic-aphasia-screening-saps-screening-based-therapy-in-combination-with-computerised-home-training
#3
Franziska Krzok, Verena Rieger, Katharina Niemann, Ruth Nobis-Bosch, Irmgard Radermacher, Walter Huber, Klaus Willmes, Stefanie Abel
BACKGROUND: SAPS-'Sprachsystematisches Aphasiescreening'-is a novel language-systematic aphasia screening developed for the German language, which already had been positively evaluated. It offers a fast assessment of modality-specific psycholinguistic components at different levels of complexity and the derivation of impairment-based treatment foci from the individual performance profile. However, SAPS has not yet been evaluated in combination with the new SAPS-based treatment. AIMS: To replicate the practicality of SAPS and to investigate the effectiveness of a SAPS-based face-to-face therapy combined with computerised home training in a feasibility study...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116285/speech-language-therapy-to-elderly-patients-in-a-health-care-network-in-florian%C3%A3-polis-a-health-surveillance-initiative
#4
Gabriela Maciel Mafra, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
PURPOSE: To investigate aspects of health care provided to the elderly, as a way to undertake health surveillance initiatives. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative study with elderly people who participate in health promotion groups in health centers at Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Surveys were conducted on aspects relative to comprehensive health care provision, namely, records of the Family Health Strategy, diagnosis, awareness of initiatives to treat non-communicable diseases, as well as awareness of related risks and complications...
November 6, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114771/south-asian-adults-performance-on-executive-function-tests
#5
Veena Kallambettu, Angela N Burda, Nicole Wakeman
Purpose: This study compared the performance of South Asian and White adults on the Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS; Wilson, Alderman, Burgess, Emslie, & Evans, 1996) and the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES; MacDonald, 2005), tests that can be used by speech-language pathologists to assess executive function (EF). Method: Twenty South Asian and 20 White participants were administered the BADS and FAVRES...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109260/natural-language-indicators-of-differential-gene-regulation-in-the-human-immune-system
#6
Matthias R Mehl, Charles L Raison, Thaddeus W W Pace, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Steve W Cole
Adverse social conditions have been linked to a conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA) in circulating leukocytes that may contribute to social gradients in disease. However, the CNS mechanisms involved remain obscure, in part because CTRA gene-expression profiles often track external social-environmental variables more closely than they do self-reported internal affective states such as stress, depression, or anxiety. This study examined the possibility that variations in patterns of natural language use might provide more sensitive indicators of the automatic threat-detection and -response systems that proximally regulate autonomic induction of the CTRA...
November 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106869/check-list-for-the-assessment-of-functional-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-aural-atresia
#7
Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities. Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105620/loud-music-exposure-and-cochlear-synaptopathy-in-young-adults-isolated-auditory-brainstem-response-effects-but-no-perceptual-consequences
#8
John H Grose, Emily Buss, Joseph W Hall
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that listeners with frequent exposure to loud music exhibit deficits in suprathreshold auditory performance consistent with cochlear synaptopathy. Young adults with normal audiograms were recruited who either did ( n = 31) or did not ( n = 30) have a history of frequent attendance at loud music venues where the typical sound levels could be expected to result in temporary threshold shifts. A test battery was administered that comprised three sets of procedures: (a) electrophysiological tests including distortion product otoacoustic emissions, auditory brainstem responses, envelope following responses, and the acoustic change complex evoked by an interaural phase inversion; (b) psychoacoustic tests including temporal modulation detection, spectral modulation detection, and sensitivity to interaural phase; and (c) speech tests including filtered phoneme recognition and speech-in-noise recognition...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091112/speech-profile-of-patients-undergoing-primary-palatoplasty
#9
Katia Ignacio Menegueti, Laura Davison Mangilli, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
PURPOSE: To characterize the profile and speech characteristics of patients undergoing primary palatoplasty in a Brazilian university hospital, considering the time of intervention (early, before two years of age; late, after two years of age). METHODS: Participants were 97 patients of both genders with cleft palate and/or cleft and lip palate, assigned to the Speech-language Pathology Department, who had been submitted to primary palatoplasty and presented no prior history of speech-language therapy...
October 26, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079955/long-term-survivors-of-glioblastoma-a-closer-look
#10
Lucy Gately, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Jennifer Philip, Jeremy Ruben, Anthony Dowling
Glioblastoma has a poor prognosis with median survival of 12-14 months. Long-term survivors (LTS), alive at least 2 years from diagnosis, comprise 13% of this population. This study aims to provide a clinical profile of LTS at two institutions in Melbourne, Australia. Histological diagnosis of glioblastoma from 1st January 2006 to 31st December 2012 were identified from pathology/oncology databases. Demographic, treatment and survival characteristics were recorded (follow-up to 31st December 2015). Relevant inter-group statistics were used to identify differences between LTS and those surviving less than 2 years...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074403/speech-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#11
Ana Tryfon, Nicholas E V Foster, Megha Sharda, Krista L Hyde
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is often characterized by atypical language profiles and auditory and speech processing. These can contribute to aberrant language and social communication skills in ASD. The study of the neural basis of speech perception in ASD can serve as a potential neurobiological marker of ASD early on, but mixed results across studies renders it difficult to find a reliable neural characterization of speech processing in ASD. To this aim, the present study examined the functional neural basis of speech perception in ASD versus typical development (TD) using an activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analysis of 18 qualifying studies...
October 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040403/age-related-changes-in-temporal-processing-of-rapidly-presented-sound-sequences-in-the-macaque-auditory-cortex
#12
Ng Chi-Wing, Gregg H Recanzone
The mammalian auditory cortex is necessary to resolve temporal features in rapidly-changing sound streams. This capability is crucial for speech comprehension in humans and declines with normal aging. Nonhuman primate studies have revealed detrimental effects of normal aging on the auditory nervous system, and yet the underlying influence on temporal processing remains less well-defined. Therefore, we recorded from the core and lateral belt areas of auditory cortex when awake young and old monkeys listened to tone-pip and noise-burst sound sequences...
October 13, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034068/clinical-phenotype-of-asd-associated-dyrk1a-haploinsufficiency
#13
Rachel K Earl, Tychele N Turner, Heather C Mefford, Caitlin M Hudac, Jennifer Gerdts, Evan E Eichler, Raphael A Bernier
BACKGROUND: DYRK1A is a gene recurrently disrupted in 0.1-0.5% of the ASD population. A growing number of case reports with DYRK1A haploinsufficiency exhibit common phenotypic features including microcephaly, intellectual disability, speech delay, and facial dysmorphisms. METHODS: Phenotypic information from previously published DYRK1A cases (n = 51) and participants in an ongoing study at the University of Washington (UW, n = 10) were compiled. Frequencies of recurrent phenotypic features in this population were compared to features observed in a large sample with idiopathic ASD from the Simons Simplex Collection (n = 1981)...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026262/personal-listening-devices-in-australia-patterns-of-use-and-levels-of-risk
#14
REVIEW
Megan Gilliver, Jenny Nguyen, Elizabeth F Beach, Caitlin Barr
Personal listening devices (PLDs) have the potential to increase the risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) for users. The present study aimed to investigate the nature and extent of the risk posed, by describing the user profile of a PLD population, identifying listening habits of that population, and examining whether PLD risk status is associated with hearing damage. A sample of 4,185 Australian PLD users completed an online survey about listening behaviors and hearing health. Listeners were characterized as low, high, or very high-risk based on daily noise dose estimates calculated from self-reported listening volume and durations...
November 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022558/klinefelter-syndrome-in-childhood-variability-in-clinical-and-molecular-findings
#15
Neşe Akcan, Şükran Poyrazoğlu, Firdevs Baş, Rüveyde Bundak, Feyza Darendeliler
OBJECTIVE: Klinefelter syndrome (KS) is the most common (1/500-1/1000) chromosomal disorder in males, but only 10% of cases are identified in childhood. This study aimed to review the data of the children with KS to assess the age and reason for diagnosis, clinical and laboratory findings, as well as the presence of comorbidities. METHODS: Twenty-three KS patients were analyzed retrospectively. Age at admission, presenting symptoms, comorbid problems, height, weight, pubertal status, biochemical findings, hormone profiles, bone mineral density, and karyotype were evaluated...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964287/aesthetic-and-hearing-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-bilateral-microtia-atresia
#16
Xinmiao Fan, Yibei Wang, Pu Wang, Yue Fan, Yu Chen, Yuanli Zhu, Xiaowei Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of auricle reconstruction and active transcutaneous bone-conduction implantation in patients with bilateral microtia-atresia. DESIGN: Patients were chosen prospectively, with each being his/her own control. SETTING: The setting was a tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients, aged 6-18 years, with bilateral microtia-atresia suffering from bilateral conductive hearing loss...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949829/performance-mood-and-anxiety-during-a-climb-of-mount-everest
#17
Heikki M Karinen, Martti T Tuomisto
Karinen, Heikki M., and Martti T. Tuomisto. Performance, mood, and anxiety during a climb of Mount Everest. High Alt Med Biol. 16:000-000, 2017. BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown the deleterious effects of high-altitude hypoxia on visual, motor, somatosensory, cognitive, and emotional function and also in intelligence tests, reaction time, speech comprehension, hand steadiness, visual contrast discrimination, and word association tests. Because optimal cognitive abilities may be crucial for mountain climbers' safety, this study was intended to evaluate the changes in cognitive performance, mood, and anxiety during an Everest expedition lasting almost 3 months...
September 26, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945465/language-and-cognitive-communication-disorder-during-post-traumatic-amnesia-profiles-of-recovery-after-tbi-from-three-cases
#18
Joanne Steel, Alison Ferguson, Elizabeth Spencer, Leanne Togher
BACKGROUND: There has been limited empirical speech-language pathology (SLP) study of language and cognitive communication during post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) and the early stages after TBI. The purpose of the current research was to explore the potential means and utility of assessing cognitive communication during PTA and the post-acute recovery period. METHOD: This research used a longitudinal mixed methods design to describe language and cognitive communication assessment and recovery profiles of three patients with TBI...
September 25, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935208/vocal-aspects-of-brazilian-evangelical-pastors
#19
REVIEW
Perla do Nascimento Martins, Kelly Cristina Alves Silverio, Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
PURPOSE: Investigate the vocal and laryngopharyngeal symptoms, vocal quality, Voice Activity and Participation Profile (VAPP), and vocal acoustic and auditory-perceptual characteristics from evangelical pastors comparing with the same aspects of nonprofessional voice men. METHOD: Sixty professionally active male subjects were divided into two groups: 30 pastors and 30 nonprofessional voice men, with ages between 24 and 59 years old. Participants answered the Screening Index for Voice Disorder (SIVD) questionnaire and the VAPP, as well as an auditory-perceptual and acoustic evaluation of the voice...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929424/aphasia-as-a-predictor-of-stroke-outcome
#20
REVIEW
Ronald M Lazar, Amelia K Boehme
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aphasia is a common feature of stroke, affecting 21-38% of acute stroke patients and an estimated 1 million stroke survivors. Although stroke, as a syndrome, is the leading cause of disability in the USA, less is known about the independent impact of aphasia on stroke outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: During the acute stroke period, aphasia has been found to increase length of stay, inpatient complications, overall neurological disability, mortality, and to alter discharge disposition...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
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