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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098502/united-kingdom-national-paediatric-bilateral-project-results-of-professional-rating-scales-and-parent-questionnaires
#1
H E Cullington, D Bele, J C Brinton, S Cooper, M Daft, J Harding, N Hatton, J Humphries, M E Lutman, J Maddocks, J Maggs, K Millward, G O'Donoghue, S Patel, K Rajput, V Salmon, T Sear, A Speers, A Wheeler, K Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This fourteen-centre project used professional rating scales and parent questionnaires to assess longitudinal outcomes in a large non-selected population of children receiving simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants. METHODS: This was an observational non-randomized service evaluation. Data were collected at four time points: before bilateral cochlear implants or before the sequential implant, one year, two years, and three years after...
January 18, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097918/the-hearing-benefit-of-cochlear-implantation-for-individuals-with-unilateral-hearing-loss-but-no-tinnitus
#2
Henryk Skarzynski, Artur Lorens, Marika Kruszynska, Anita Obrycka, Dorota Pastuszak, Piotr Henryk Skarzynski
CONCLUSION: Cochlear implants improve the hearing abilities of individuals with unilateral hearing loss and no tinnitus. The benefit is no different from that seen in patients with unilateral hearing loss and incapacitating tinnitus. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hearing outcomes after cochlear implantation in individuals with unilateral hearing loss and no tinnitus and compare them to those obtained in a similar group who had incapacitating tinnitus. METHODS: Six cases who did not experience tinnitus before operation and 15 subjects with pre-operative tinnitus were evaluated with a structured interview, a monosyllabic word test under difficult listening situations, a sound localization test, and an APHAB (abbreviated profile of hearing aid benefit) questionnaire...
January 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087804/clinical-selection-strategies-to-identify-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-large-anterior-vessel-occlusion-results-from-sits-istr-safe-implementation-of-thrombolysis-in-stroke-international-stroke-thrombolysis-registry
#3
Jan F Scheitz, Azmil H Abdul-Rahim, Rachael L MacIsaac, Charith Cooray, Heidi Sucharew, Dawn Kleindorfer, Pooja Khatri, Joseph P Broderick, Heinrich J Audebert, Niaz Ahmed, Nils Wahlgren, Matthias Endres, Christian H Nolte, Kennedy R Lees
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) correlates with presence of large anterior vessel occlusion (LAVO). However, the application of the full NIHSS in the prehospital setting to select patients eligible for treatment with thrombectomy is limited. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of simple clinical selection strategies. METHODS: Data from the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke International Stroke Thrombolysis Registry (January 2012-May 2014) were analyzed retrospectively...
January 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076344/qualitative-aspects-of-the-process-of-neonatal-hearing-screening-program-in-mexico-evaluated-from-the-parental-perspective
#4
Maria Del Consuelo Martínez Wbaldo, María de Los Ángeles Torres Lagunas
INTRODUCTION: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program in Mexico began in 2010. Its results, published in 2013 by the National Council for the Development and Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (CONADIS), report low coverage and, currently, there is a dearth of information about its activities. This study describes the process of the program from the epistemological perspective of women whose children participated in the program, evaluating it under the sustenance of the constructivist-respondent model in search of aspects that could help explain its results...
December 12, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070690/reconstruction-of-defects-of-the-trachea
#5
Margot Den Hondt, Jan Jeroen Vranckx
The trachea has a complex anatomy to fulfill its tasks. Its unique fibro-cartilaginous structure maintains an open conduit during respiration, and provides vertical elasticity for deglutition, mobility of the neck and speech. Blood vessels pierce the intercartilaginous ligaments to perfuse the ciliated epithelium, which ensures effective mucociliary clearance. Removal of a tracheal segment affected by benign or malignant disease requires airtight restoration of the continuity of the tube. When direct approximation of both tracheal ends is no longer feasible, a reconstruction is needed...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068407/significant-association-of-urinary-toxic-metals-and-autism-related-symptoms-a-nonlinear-statistical-analysis-with-cross-validation
#6
James Adams, Daniel P Howsmon, Uwe Kruger, Elizabeth Geis, Eva Gehn, Valeria Fimbres, Elena Pollard, Jessica Mitchell, Julie Ingram, Robert Hellmers, David Quig, Juergen Hahn
INTRODUCTION: A number of previous studies examined a possible association of toxic metals and autism, and over half of those studies suggest that toxic metal levels are different in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Additionally, several studies found that those levels correlate with the severity of ASD. METHODS: In order to further investigate these points, this paper performs the most detailed statistical analysis to date of a data set in this field...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054098/-speech-audiometric-assessment-of-informational-masking-german-version
#7
S Rählmann, H Meister
BACKGROUND: In communication situations with multiple speakers, speech recognition is adversely affected by energetic masking (EM) and informational masking (IM). IM characterizes masking effects caused by irrelevant information from competing speakers. This work investigates an approach to assess IM based on the Oldenburg Sentence Test (OLSa). Furthermore, the influence of interaural time differences (ITD) and aging effects on IM are considered. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IM was measured by superimposing two sentences from the OLSa...
January 4, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041786/statistical-evidence-that-a-child-can-create-a-combinatorial-linguistic-system-without-external-linguistic-input-implications-for-language-evolution
#8
REVIEW
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Charles Yang
Can a child who is not exposed to a model for language nevertheless construct a communication system characterized by combinatorial structure? We know that deaf children whose hearing losses prevent them from acquiring spoken language, and whose hearing parents have not exposed them to sign language, use gestures, called homesigns, to communicate. In this study, we call upon a new formal analysis that characterizes the statistical profile of grammatical rules and, when applied to child language data, finds that young children's language is consistent with a productive grammar rather than rote memorization of specific word combinations in caregiver speech...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029556/a-formant-range-profile-for-singers
#9
Ingo R Titze, Lynn M Maxfield, Megan C Walker
Vowel selection is important in differentiating between singing styles. The timbre of the vocal instrument, which is related to its frequency spectrum, is governed by both the glottal sound source and the vowel choices made by singers. Consequently, the ability to modify the vowel space is a measure of how successfully a singer can maintain a desired timbre across a range of pitches. Formant range profiles were produced as a means of quantifying this ability. Seventy-seven subjects (including trained and untrained vocalists) participated, producing vowels with three intended mouth shapes: (1) neutral or speech-like, (2) megaphone-shaped (wide open mouth), and (3) inverted-megaphone-shaped (widened oropharynx with moderate mouth opening)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017373/mutations-in-ebf3-disturb-transcriptional-profiles-and-cause-intellectual-disability-ataxia-and-facial-dysmorphism
#10
Frederike Leonie Harms, Katta M Girisha, Andrew A Hardigan, Fanny Kortüm, Anju Shukla, Malik Alawi, Ashwin Dalal, Lauren Brady, Mark Tarnopolsky, Lynne M Bird, Sophia Ceulemans, Martina Bebin, Kevin M Bowling, Susan M Hiatt, Edward J Lose, Michelle Primiano, Wendy K Chung, Jane Juusola, Zeynep C Akdemir, Matthew Bainbridge, Wu-Lin Charng, Margaret Drummond-Borg, Mohammad K Eldomery, Ayman W El-Hattab, Mohammed A M Saleh, Stéphane Bézieau, Benjamin Cogné, Bertrand Isidor, Sébastien Küry, James R Lupski, Richard M Myers, Gregory M Cooper, Kerstin Kutsche
From a GeneMatcher-enabled international collaboration, we identified ten individuals affected by intellectual disability, speech delay, ataxia, and facial dysmorphism and carrying a deleterious EBF3 variant detected by whole-exome sequencing. One 9-bp duplication and one splice-site, five missense, and two nonsense variants in EBF3 were found; the mutations occurred de novo in eight individuals, and the missense variant c.625C>T (p.Arg209Trp) was inherited by two affected siblings from their healthy mother, who is mosaic...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005070/auditory-biological-marker-of-concussion-in-children
#11
Nina Kraus, Elaine C Thompson, Jennifer Krizman, Katherine Cook, Travis White-Schwoch, Cynthia R LaBella
Concussions carry devastating potential for cognitive, neurologic, and socio-emotional disease, but no objective test reliably identifies a concussion and its severity. A variety of neurological insults compromise sound processing, particularly in complex listening environments that place high demands on brain processing. The frequency-following response captures the high computational demands of sound processing with extreme granularity and reliably reveals individual differences. We hypothesize that concussions disrupt these auditory processes, and that the frequency-following response indicates concussion occurrence and severity...
December 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989949/the-effect-of-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus-on-speech-recognition-over-air-and-bone-conduction-military-communications-headsets
#12
Candice Manning, Timothy Mermagen, Angelique Scharine
Military personnel are at risk for hearing loss due to noise exposure during deployment (USACHPPM, 2008). Despite mandated use of hearing protection, hearing loss and tinnitus are prevalent due to reluctance to use hearing protection. Bone conduction headsets can offer good speech intelligibility for normal hearing (NH)(1) listeners while allowing the ears to remain open in quiet environments and the use of hearing protection when needed. Those who suffer from tinnitus, the experience of perceiving a sound not produced by an external source, often show degraded speech recognition; however, it is unclear whether this is a result of decreased hearing sensitivity or increased distractibility (Moon et al...
October 27, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941200/-neurologopedic-treatment-in-dysarthria-cases-diagnosis-and-therapy
#13
Radosława Bytnar-Hys, Urszula Mirecka
INTRODUCTION: The article is devoted to the problems of diagnosis and neurologopedic therapy of hospitalized persons suffering from dysarthria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research presented in the article was conducted on a group of 49 patients (people aged 18-95, including 26 men and 23 women) who were diagnosed and underwent logopedic therapy in the department of Neurological Rehabilitation in the Independent Public Teaching Hospital no 4 in lublin in 2014. In the neurologopedic diagnostics the following methods were used: the analysis of the medical record (information cards containing medical diagnosis, mriri, ct head scanning, eeg ), clinical interview and clinical observations, The Robertson Dysarthria Profile, Dysarthria Scale by mirecka and gustaw, scale of deficiency depth, w...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919504/successful-treatment-of-paroxysmal-ataxia-and-dysarthria-in-multiple-sclerosis-with-levetiracetam
#14
Shikha J Goodwin, Adam F Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal ataxia and dysarthria (PAD) is a relatively rare symptom in Multiple Sclerosis patients. PAD involves transient dysfunction in control, coordination and initiation of speech and/or limb movements. OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful use of levetiracetam for the treatment of PAD. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A 37-year-old woman with MS developed PAD approximately 3 months after a multifocal MS relapse...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918368/what-can-long-term-attendance-at-programming-appointments-tell-us-about-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients
#15
Dawn Choo, Shani Joy Dettman
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to understand factors linked to long-term engagement with available post-implant "mapping" review services for individuals who received cochlear implants (CI)(s) as children. STUDY DESIGN: Demographics, communication outcomes, and appointment attendance records from an unselected group of 400 participants who received CI(s) between 1985 and 2009 were analyzed. RESULTS: After 5 years post-implant, 85.75% (n = 343) of participants attended the clinic for "mapping" appointments between March 2011 and March 2014, but 14...
December 1, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914374/the-effects-of-exposure-and-training-on-the-perception-of-time-compressed-speech-in-native-versus-nonnative-listeners
#16
Karen Banai, Yizhar Lavner
The present study investigated the effects of language experience on the perceptual learning induced by either brief exposure to or more intensive training with time-compressed speech. Native (n = 30) and nonnative (n = 30) listeners were each divided to three groups with different experiences with time-compressed speech: A trained group who trained on the semantic verification of time-compressed sentences for three sessions, an exposure group briefly exposed to 20 time-compressed sentences, and a group of naive listeners...
September 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895549/the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-for-hearing-impaired-individuals-rbans-h-before-and-after-cochlear-implantation-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Annes J Claes, Griet Mertens, Annick Gilles, Anouk Hofkens-Van den Brandt, Erik Fransen, Vincent Van Rompaey, Paul Van de Heyning
Background: Currently, an independent relationship between hearing loss and cognitive decline in older adults is suggested by large prospective studies. In general, cochlear implants improve hearing and the quality of life in severely to profoundly hearing impaired older persons. However, little is known about the effects of cochlear implantation on the cognitive evolution in this population. Aim of the study: The primary goal of this prospective, longitudinal cohort study is to explore the cognitive profile of severely to profoundly postlingually hearing impaired subjects before and after cochlear implantation...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868264/profiles-of-children-with-down-syndrome-who-meet-screening-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-comparison-with-children-diagnosed-with-asd-attending-specialist-schools
#18
G Warner, P Howlin, E Salomone, J Moss, T Charman
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that around 16% to 18% of children with Down syndrome (DS) also meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are indications that profiles of autism symptoms in this group may vary from those typically described in children with ASD. METHOD: Rates of autism symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems among children with DS who screened positive for ASD on the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) (n = 183) were compared with a group of children with clinical diagnoses of ASD (n = 189) attending specialist schools in the UK...
January 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858146/associations-between-the-probabilities-of-frequency-specific-hearing-loss-and-unaided-aphab-scores
#19
J Löhler, B Wollenberg, P Schlattmann, N Hoang, R Schönweiler
The Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) questionnaire reports subjective hearing impairments in four typical conditions. We investigated the association between the frequency-specific probability of hearing loss and scores from the unaided APHAB (APHABu) to determine whether the APHABu could be useful in primary diagnoses of hearing loss, in addition to pure tone and speech audiometry. This retrospective study included database records from 6558 patients (average age 69.0 years). We employed a multivariate generalised linear mixed model to analyse the probabilities of hearing losses (severity range 20-75 dB, evaluated in 5-dB steps), measured at different frequencies (0...
November 17, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854461/the-development-of-spontaneous-sound-shape-matching-in-monolingual-and-bilingual-infants-during-the-first-year
#20
Jovana Pejovic, Monika Molnar
Recently it has been proposed that sensitivity to nonarbitrary relationships between speech sounds and objects potentially bootstraps lexical acquisition. However, it is currently unclear whether preverbal infants (e.g., before 6 months of age) with different linguistic profiles are sensitive to such nonarbitrary relationships. Here, the authors assessed 4- and 12-month-old Basque monolingual and Spanish-Basque bilingual infants' sensitivity to cross-modal correspondences between sound symbolic nonwords without syllable repetition (buba, kike) and drawings of rounded and angular shapes...
November 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
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