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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747963/the-possible-effect-of-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-on-the-audio-vestibular-system
#1
Montaser Abdel-Salam, Osama G Abdel-Naby Awad, Mohamed El-Badry, Ahmed Ibrahim, Mahmoud Hosny Ibrahiem
OBJECTIVE: Human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) is one of the commonest drugs used for ovarian stimulation with no reports on the audio-vestibular system. This study aims to examine HMG on the hearing profile of patients planning intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from June 2016 to June 2017 in a tertiary referral hospital. The audio-vestibular system of a total of 30 patients was evaluated using pure tone audiometry, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs in the form of a DP-gram) and Vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) immediately before therapy and at the day 10 after therapy...
May 7, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744729/supra-threshold-hearing-and-fluctuation-profiles-implications-for-sensorineural-and-hidden-hearing-loss
#2
REVIEW
Laurel H Carney
An important topic in contemporary auditory science is supra-threshold hearing. Difficulty hearing at conversational speech levels in background noise has long been recognized as a problem of sensorineural hearing loss, including that associated with aging (presbyacusis). Such difficulty in listeners with normal thresholds has received more attention recently, especially associated with descriptions of synaptopathy, the loss of auditory nerve (AN) fibers as a result of noise exposure or aging. Synaptopathy has been reported to cause a disproportionate loss of low- and medium-spontaneous rate (L/MSR) AN fibers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725027/parental-perception-of-listening-difficulties-an-interaction-between-weaknesses-in-language-processing-and-ability-to-sustain-attention
#3
Hettie Roebuck, Johanna G Barry
(Central) auditory processing disorder ((C)APD) is a controversial diagnostic category which may be an artefact of referral route. Yet referral route must, to some extent, be influenced by a child's profile of presenting symptoms. This study tested the hypothesis that parental perception of listening difficulty is associated with weaknesses in ability to sustain attention while listening to speech. Forty-four children (24 with listening difficulties) detected targets embedded in a 16-minute story. The targets were either mispronunciations or nonsense words...
May 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724642/the-identification-of-speech-and-language-problems-in-elementary-school-diagnosis-and-co-occurring-needs
#4
Julie E Dockrell, Jane Hurry
BACKGROUND: Oral language skills are the foundation for success at school and in employment. A significant minority of children experience difficulties in the acquisition of oral language resulting in speech and language needs (SLN). There are disjunctures between clinical studies using standardised assessment and educational studies. The current study examines teacher reported SLN alongside assessments of language and cognitive skills to explore children's profiles of needs, developmental trajectories and risk factors...
April 30, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672757/time-for-a-quick-word-the-striking-benefits-of-training-speed-and-accuracy-of-word-retrieval-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#5
Paul Conroy, Christina Sotiropoulou Drosopoulou, Gina F Humphreys, Ajay D Halai, Matthew A Lambon Ralph
One-third of stroke survivors experience deficits in word retrieval as a core characteristic of their aphasia, which is frustrating, socially limiting and disabling for their professional and everyday lives. The, as yet, undiscovered 'holy grail' of clinical practice is to establish a treatment that not only improves item naming, but also generalizes to patients' connected speech. Speech production in healthy participants is a remarkable feat of cognitive processing being both rapid (at least 120 words per minute) and accurate (∼one error per 1000 words)...
April 17, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669461/connected-speech-and-language-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-review-of-picture-description-tasks
#6
Kimberly D Mueller, Bruce Hermann, Jonilda Mecollari, Lyn S Turkstra
INTRODUCTION: The neuropsychological profile of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia includes a history of decline in memory and other cognitive domains, including language. While language impairments have been well described in AD dementia, language features of MCI are less well understood. Connected speech and language analysis is the study of an individual's spoken discourse, usually elicited by a target stimulus, the results of which can facilitate understanding of how language deficits typical of MCI and AD dementia manifest in everyday communication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#7
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618997/executive-functions-and-prosodic-abilities-in-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#8
Marisa G Filipe, Sónia Frota, Selene G Vicente
Little is known about the relationship between prosodic abilities and executive function skills. As deficits in executive functions (EFs) and prosodic impairments are characteristics of autism, we examined how EFs are related to prosodic performance in children with high-functioning autism (HFA). Fifteen children with HFA ( M = 7.4 years; SD = 1.12), matched to 15 typically developing peers on age, gender, and non-verbal intelligence participated in the study. The Profiling Elements of Prosody in Speech-Communication (PEPS-C) was used to assess prosodic performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618865/planning-community-based-intervention-for-speech-for-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-from-rural-south-india-a-needs-assessment
#9
Subramaniyan Balasubramaniyan, Vaidyanathan Raghunathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran, Roopa Nagarajan
Background and Aim: A community-based rehabilitation programme, Sri Ramachandra University-Transforming Faces project, was initiated to provide comprehensive management of communication disorders in individuals with CLP in two districts in Tamil Nadu, India. This community-based programme aims to integrate hospital-based services with the community-based initiatives and to enable long-term care. The programme was initiated in Thiruvannamalai (2005) district and extended to Cuddalore (2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618326/a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-polr3a-gene-causing-4h-syndrome-a-case-report
#10
Vishal V Tewari, Ritu Mehta, C M Sreedhar, Kunal Tewari, Akbar Mohammad, Neerja Gupta, Sheffali Gulati, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND: 4H syndrome is a congenital hypomyelinating leukodystrophy characterized by hypodontia, hypomyelination and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism belonging to the Pol III-related leukodystrophies which arise due to mutations in the POLR3A or POLR3B gene. The clinical presentation is of neurodevelopmental delay or regression with ataxia, dystonia, nystagmus, delayed deciduous dentition and abnormal order of eruption of teeth. MRI brain shows a characteristic hypomyelination pattern...
April 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614233/the-effect-of-speech-language-pathology-students-on-clinician-time-use-and-activity
#11
Elizabeth Bourne, Lindy McAllister, Srivalli Nagarajan, Kate Short
PURPOSE: This prospective study investigated the impact of supervising students on public health speech-language pathologists' (SLPs) time and patient activity levels in order to broaden evidence in the profession. METHOD: Thirty-four SLPs supervising students collected data profiling their time use and activity during the first, middle and penultimate placement week. They also collected data for a week when not supervising students. Pre- and post-placement surveys were used to supplement quantitative data with additional information such as clinician and student experience levels...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557301/fluctuating-hearing-loss-in-the-only-hearing-ear-cochlear-implantation-in-the-contralateral-deaf-side
#12
Francesca Yoshie Russo, Daniele De Seta, Ghizlene Lahlou, Stéphanie Borel, Yann Nguyen, Didier Bouccara, Olivier Sterkers, Daniele Bernardeschi, Isabelle Mosnier
Objective To investigate the hearing performance of adult patients presenting unilateral deafness with contralateral fluctuating hearing loss who received a cochlear implant on the deaf side. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting University tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively, 23 patients underwent pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry with disyllabic and monosyllabic words in a quiet environment and sentences in quiet and noisy (signal-to-noise ratio +10 dB SPL) environments under best-aided conditions...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533331/bilateral-cochlear-implantation-versus-bimodal-hearing-in-patients-with-functional-residual-hearing-a-within-subjects-comparison-of-audiologic-performance-and-quality-of-life
#13
Robert J Yawn, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert T Dwyer, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Susan Reynolds, David S Haynes, René H Gifford
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate performance and quality of life changes after sequential bilateral cochlear implantation in patients with preoperative residual hearing functioning in a bimodal hearing configuration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using within-subjects repeated measures design. SETTING: Tertiary otologic center. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who used bimodal hearing before second cochlear implant (CI) meeting the following criteria: 1) preoperative residual hearing (≤80 dB HL at 250 Hz) in the ear to be implanted, 2) implantation with current CI technology (2013-2016), 3) consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) speech recognition testing in the bimodal condition preoperatively and bilateral CI condition postoperatively...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520481/connectivity-profiles-of-the-insular-network-for-speech-control-in-healthy-individuals-and-patients-with-spasmodic-dysphonia
#14
Giovanni Battistella, Veena Kumar, Kristina Simonyan
The importance of insula in speech control is acknowledged but poorly understood, partly due to a variety of clinical symptoms resulting from insults to this structure. To clarify its structural organization within the speech network in healthy subjects, we used probabilistic diffusion tractography to examine insular connectivity with three cortical regions responsible for sound processing [Brodmann area (BA) 22], motor preparation (BA 44) and motor execution (laryngeal/orofacial primary motor cortex, BA 4)...
March 8, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497748/describing-phonological-paraphasias-in-three-variants-of-primary-progressive-aphasia
#15
Sarah Grace Hudspeth Dalton, Christine Shultz, Maya L Henry, Argye E Hillis, Jessica D Richardson
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the linguistic environment of phonological paraphasias in 3 variants of primary progressive aphasia (semantic, logopenic, and nonfluent) and to describe the profiles of paraphasia production for each of these variants. Method: Discourse samples of 26 individuals diagnosed with primary progressive aphasia were investigated for phonological paraphasias using the criteria established for the Philadelphia Naming Test (Moss Rehabilitation Research Institute, 2013)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497747/language-changes-following-combined-aphasia-and-apraxia-of-speech-treatment
#16
Lisa D Bunker, Sandra Wright, Julie L Wambaugh
Purpose: Combined Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech Treatment (CAAST) is a newly developed treatment shown to increase production of accurate content in narrative discourse for persons with aphasia and apraxia of speech. The purpose of this post hoc study was to further describe lexical and morphosyntactic changes associated with changes in content production. Method: Existing probe data from 8 persons with aphasia who had completed CAAST were used to complete analyses of morphosyntactic production, lexical diversity, and novelty of content...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#17
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#18
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481692/decreasing-revision-surgery-in-famm-flap-reconstruction-of-the-oral-cavity-traditional-versus-modified-harvesting-technique
#19
Badr Ibrahim, Akram Rahal, Eric Bissada, Apostolos Christopoulos, Sami P Moubayed, Louis Guertin, Jean-Claude Tabet, Marie-Jo Olivier, Tareck Ayad
OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical and functional outcomes between two harvesting techniques for the inferiorly based facial artery musculomucosal (FAMM) flap for oral cavity and oropharynx reconstructions. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective chart review. RESULTS: We reviewed 55 cases of FAMM flap, including 29 traditional cases and 26 performed using the modified harvesting method. The overall rate of surgical re-intervention in the traditional group was 31% (n = 9 of 29) and 15% (n = 4 of 26) in the modified group (P = 0...
February 26, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476590/assessment-of-voice-speech-and-communication-changes-associated-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Kerstin Johansson, Åke Seiger, Malin Forsén, Jeanette Holmgren Nilsson, Lena Hartelius, Ellika Schalling
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle impairment following cervical spinal cord injury (CSCI) may lead to reduced voice function, although the individual variation is large. Voice problems in this population may not always receive attention since individuals with CSCI face other, more acute and life-threatening issues that need/receive attention. Currently there is no consensus on the tasks suitable to identify the specific voice impairments and functional voice changes experienced by individuals with CSCI...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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